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Full text of "A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library"

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EDINBURGH 
UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 



Author's Surname 
Catalogue Heading 



Shelf Mark 



HUKK 






l-h^Ufr ? 



University ■Edinburgh 



30150 1024907807 



A DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



AEABIC AND PERSIAN 
MANUSCRIPTS 



IN 



EDINBUBGH UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. 



MOHAMMED ASHRAFUL HUKK, M.B. (Edin.),- 
of Hyderabad, 

HERMANN ETHE, Ph.D., M.A., 

late Professor of Oriental Languages at University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, 

AND 

EDWARD ROBERTSON, M.A., B.D., D.Litt., 

Professor of Semitic Languages at the University College of North Wales, Bangor, 




PRINTED FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH BY 
STEPHEN AUSTIN & SONS, LTD., HERTFORD. 

1925. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

internet archive 



http://www.archive.org/details/descriptivecatalOOhukk 



PREFACE. 

TT was in the year 1904 that the Library Committee of the 
University of Edinburgh first took steps to provide a 
catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in the University 
Library, and more particularly of the collection of Oriental MSS. 
formed by Lieut. -Col. John Baillie of Leys, and presented to 
the Library of the University in 1876 by his grandson, Mr. John B. 
Baillie, with a stipulation that a descriptive catalogue of them 
should be prepared in due course. The task of compiling such a 
catalogue was shortly afterwards entrusted to Mr. Mohammed 
Ashraful Hukk, of Hyderabad, who was then a student at the 
University, and by the beginning of 1906 Mr. Hukk, who had been 
assisted in his work by Mr. Mohammed Bey Badre, a student from 
Cairo, had catalogued the greater portion of the manuscripts. 
Printing was started without delay, and the catalogue, as prepared 
by Mr. Hukk, was in type before the end of the year. There were, 
however, certain difficulties in publishing the work at the time, 
and it was held over in consequence. In the year 1910 it was 
discovered that there were in the Library a considerable number 
of additional manuscripts which had not been included in 
Mr. Hukk's catalogue, and Professor Julius Eggeling, who was 
then acting as Curator of the University Library, undertook to 
arrange for their being catalogued. He secured for this part of 
the work the services of Professor Hermann Ethe, of Aberystwyth 
University, who furnished a catalogue of them in the course of the 
next two or three years, and by the spring of 1914 the work was 
regarded as virtually complete. Indeed, Professor Eggeling was 
occupied with the final proofs when he left Edinburgh in the 
summer of that year to pay a visit to Germany. The outbreak 
of the war in August prevented his return to this country, and he 
died in Germany in March, 1918. 



IV PREFACE. 

Meanwhile the war had made it impracticable to proceed with 
the publication of the Catalogue, and it was not till the year 1921 
that the Library Committee felt themselves in a position to take 
up the matter again. They asked Dr. Edward Robertson, who was 
then Lecturer in Arabic at the University of Edinburgh, if he 
would undertake the task of revising the Catalogue and were 
fortunate enough to obtain his consent. Dr. Robertson's appoint- 
ment to the Chair of Semitic Languages at the University of 
Bangor in the same year and his removal from Edinburgh 
prevented him from making as rapid progress with the work as 
he had hoped to do, but he visited Edinburgh on several occasions 
in the course of the next two or three years, and subjected the 
Catalogue to a thorough revision, the results of which have been 
incorporated, so far as has been found practicable, in the 
appendices contained in this volume. Thanks to his care and zeal, 
the Catalogue which the University is at last able to issue will, 
it is hoped, prove to have suffered less than might have been 
expected from the various interruptions and vicissitudes to which 
it has been exposed in the course of its compilation. 

Frank C. Nicholson, 

Librarian. 



CONTENTS. 



I. BAILLIE COLLECTION. 



A. Aeabic Manuscripts. 



I. 


Commentaries upon the Quran 




II. 


Traditions of the Prophet and Imam 


III. 


Law ...... 


IV. 


General History 










V. 


Biography . 










VI. 


Medicine . 










VII. 


Mathematics 










VIII. 


Philosophy 










IX. 


Ethics 










X. 


Grammar . 










XL 


Khetoric 










XII. 


Poetry 










XIII. 


Elegant Prose 










XIV. 


Tales 










XV. 


Dictionary 










XVI. 


Controversy 










XVII. 


Prayers 










Persian Manuscripts. 


I. 


Theology ..... 


II. 


History — 




(a) General .... 




(b) Timur 












(c) India 












(d) Persia 










III. 


Biography 










IV. 


Travel 










V. 


Mathematics 










VI. 


Astronomy . . 










VII. 


Ethics 










VIII. 


Poetry 










IX. 


Music 










X. 


Elegant Composi 


tion £ 


mdP 


rover 


DS 



1 

2 
6 
14 
17 
19 
20 
24 
24 
26 
32 
34 
37 
42 
43 
45 
46 

47 

50 
52 
54 
62 
66 
68 
70 
70 
71 
76 
97 
99 



VI 


CONTENTS 


XI. 


Tales and Romances ...... 


XII. 


Grammar ........ 


XIII. 


Farmans and Official Letters .... 


XIV. 


Dictionary ....... 


XV. 


Agriculture ....... 


XVI. 


War 


XVII. 


MS. of Mixed Contents 




II. MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 


A. Arabic Manuscripts. 


I. 


Theology — 




(a) Gospels ....... 




(b) Quran ....... 




(c) Commentary upon the Quran 


II. 


Traditions of the Prophet . . . . . 


III. 


Law ......... 


IV. 


History — 




(a) General ....... 




(b) Muhammad: the Companions: the Khalif ahs 




(c) Makkah 


V. 


Biography ........ 


VI. 


Grammar ........ 


VII. 


Tales 


VIII. 


Astronomy . . 


IX. 


Dictionary ....... 


X. 


Prayers and Charms ...... 


XI. 


Miscellaneous ....... 


B. Persian Manuscripts. 


I. 


Theology ........ 


II. 


Law ......... 


III. 


History — 




(a) General ....... 




(b) Prophets ....... 




(c) Khallfahs . .'.... 




(d) Timur ....... 




(e) India — 




(l) General ...... 




(2) Sultan of Dehli . . . . 




(3) Moghul Emperors . . . . 





CONTENTS 






Vll 




PAGE 




(4) Provinces and Minor Dynasties — 




(i) Bengal ... .197 




(ii) Kashmir 






199 




(iii) Surath . 






200 




(iv) Rohilla-Afghans 






201 




(v) A'zamgarh 






202 




(/) Persia .... 






203 


IV. 


Biography ..... 






207 


V. 


Geography .... 






214 


VI. 


Medicine ..... 






217 


VII. 


Mathematics .... 






228 


VIII. 


Astronomy .... 






228 


IX. 


Ethics 






229 


X. 


Poetry ..... 






232 


XI. 


Translations from Sanskrit 






290 


XII. 


Encyclopaedia . . 






296 


XIII. 


Elegant Composition . 






301 


XIV. 


Tales and Romances . 






307 


XV. 


Grammar ..... 






319 


XVI. 


Dictionary .... 






320 


XVII. 


Cosmography .... 






321 


XVIII. 


Astrology ..... 






322 


XIX. 


Physiognomy .... 






324 


XX. 


Controversy .... 






326 


XXI. 


Art 






329 


XXII. 


MSS. of Mixed Contents . 






330 


C. Hindustani Manuscripts. 


I. 


History of A'zamgarh . . . . .333 


II. 


Poetry 333 


III. 


Tales .334 


IV. 


Astrology ...... 






335 



APPENDIX— ADDITIONAL MANUSCRIPTS. 
A. Arabic. 



I. 
II. 



III. 



Quran 

Muhammadan Law- 
Ox) Sunnite . 
(b) Shi'ite . 

History 



337 

338 
339 
343 



Vlll 



CONTENTS 



IV. 


Mathematics 










345 


V. 


Philosophy and Ethics 










346 


VI. 


Proverbs . 










350 


VII. 


Astronomy 










351 


VIII. 


Grammar and Dictionaries 










353 


IX. 


Poetry 










357 


X. 


Letter-writing . 










359 


B. Persian. 


I. 


History, Topography, etc. — 




(a) General ....... 360 




{b) Prophets, Khallfahs, and Imams 




361 




(c) Tlmur ..... 




362 




(d) India 










363 




(e) Moghul Emperors 










366 




(/) Persia 










366 


II. 


Biography . 










368 


III. 


Letter 










369 


IV. 


Medicine . 










369 


V. 


Anatomy . 










. 374 


VI. 


Astronomy 










375 


VII. 


Dictionary 










. 377 


VIII. 


Tales 










. 378 



FURTHEB ADDITIONS. 



I. Persian Manuscripts .... 
II. Arabic Manuscript .... 
Addenda et Corrigenda to the Arabic MSS. 
Scheme of Transliteration .... 

Subject Index of Arabic Works .... 
Subject Index of Persian Works ..... 
Classification of Hindustani Works 
General Index of all Works .... 

General Index of Authors and Others . 
List of Rare, Illuminated, and Finely Written MSS. 

(a) Arabic ..... 

(b) Persian ..... 
Chronological List of Old Dated MSS. 

Index of Collectors of MSS. and their Donations 



381 
383 
385 
409 
410 
412 
416 
417 
431 

449 
450 
452 
453 



I. 
BAILLIE COLLECTION. 



A. ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 



I. COMMENTARIES UPON THE QURAN. 
1. 

Anwar al-Tanzil wa Asrar al-Ta'wil. 

Fols. 500 ; 9 in. by 5£ in. ; 29 lines, each 2-f- in. long ; written in 
very neat and minute Naskh ; gold-ruled margins ; gold sprinkled 
on the paper ; illuminated frontispiece ; slightly injured by worms ; 
not dated ; it is stated that this excellent copy was made after the 
death of the author. 

A well-known commentary on the Quran. The name of the author 
does not appear, but the commentary is known to have been compiled 
by Nasir al-Din 'Abd-allah b. 'Umar al-Baidawi, who died, according 
to the notice of his life in Kitab al-Aqallm, at Tabriz, a.h. 716 
(a.d. 1316). Hamd-allah Mustaufi, a contemporary, says he died in 
a.h. 710 (a.d. 1310). The text of the Quran is written in red ink. 

Begins : 



Cf. B.M.A. Cat., p. 646, and Supplt., 116; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 70; 
Dora (St. Petersb. Cat.), p. 17; Leyden Cat., iv, p. 31; Ahlwardt 
(Berlin Cat.), 517 ; Khed. Lib., i, p. 55 ; etc. 

1 



2 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

2-3. 

< iliiU^j .y^l jJb^-2> _.^-i tj i i\xJi\ 

Al-Is'af fi Sharh Shawahid al-Qadi w-al-Kashshaf. 

Fols. 633 ; 12 in. by 8 in. ; 30 lines, each 5 in. long ; good JNaskh ; 
bound in plain leather; copyist, Aqa Baba Ispahan! ; dated a.h. 1192 
(a.d. 1778) ; two volumes. 

A complete commentary on the proof verses cited by Jar-allah 
Mahmud al-Zamakhshari (d. a.h 538, a.d. 1143), in his commentary 

on the Quran called , j12l£)I (Al-Kashshaf, see Supplement), and 

Kasir al-Din 'Abd-allah b. 'TJmar al-Baidawi in his commentary on 
the Quran described above. 

The present work was compiled by Hadr b. 'Ata-allah (see the 
last verse on fol. 6325), according to a chronogram at the end of 
the book, in a.h. 974 (a.d. 1566). 

All the verses adopted by Al-Zamakhshari are inscribed in red, 
and those of Al-Baizawi in yellow, and those common between them 
in green, but through age no such difference except in the case of 
red can now be detected. 

Begins : 

Ul ... f^l*^ j^.- ijuyi&j +\sbj SI <LL«9 i__jlJL£lj *^JI 



II. TRADITIONS OF THE PROPHET AND IMAM. 

4. 

^=H ^Ui 

Al-Jami' al-Sahlh. 

Fols. 538 ; 8i in. by 5£ in. ; 29 lines, each 3 J in. long ; written in 
good Naskh with vowels in small hand ; gold -lined round the pages ; 
bound in gilt-stamped leather; dated a.h. 1109 (a.d. 1697). 

The celebrated collection of traditions, by 'Abd-allah Muhammad 
b. Isma'il al-Bukhari (d. a.h. 256, a.d. 869). The work is preceded 
in this ease by a complete index. 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 



JL> } <U_c <lLH ^Ltf <lL!1 J^j ^J\ ^^^ *^ ,J6 <— a-£ — l_>Ij 

See Haj. Khal., ii, 512; B.M.A. Cat., pp. Ill, 395, 539, and 
Supplt., 132; Khed. Lib., i, pp. 180-203; Ahlwardt (Berlin Cat.); 
1146; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 117-131 ; etc. Printed at Bulaq, a.h. 1280 
(a.d. 1863). Editions : Prof. Krehl's, Leyden, a.d. 1862 ; also Zeitschr. 
d. Deutsch. Morg. Ges., iv, p. 1 sq. 



5. 

Al-Durr al-Nasir. 
(Abridgement of the Kitab al-Nihayah fi Gharib al-Hadis.) 

Fols. 192; 9|-in. by 5f in. ; 18 lines, each 4 in. long; well written 
in small Naskh ; soiled and mnch injured by insects ; bound in plain 
leather; dated a.h. 907 (ad. 1501). 

This is an abridged form of the Kitab al-Mhayah fi Gharib 
al-Hadis (see Supplement), a dictionary to the Traditions. 

The abridgement was made by Jalal al-Din 'Abd al-Eahman 
SuyutI in a.h. 907 (a.d. 1501), about four years before his death ; 
the Nihayah (described in Supplement) itself was written by Majd 
al-Din Abu Sa'adah Mubarak b. Abu al-Karatn al-Jazari, commonly 
known as Ibn al-AsIr (d. a.h. 606, a.d. 1209). The work also 
includes Suyuti's comments upon his abridgement. 

Begins : 

i-js."^ <U^ a^s^» Uju-j { l£. &±S\ ^J^j **3l t# Lc <lL!^^1 



&-<*-> 



See Haj. Khal., iii, 196; iv, 403; B.M.A. Cat., 756; Loth 
(I.O. Cat.), 1000 ; Bodl. Cat., ii, 177. Suyuti's commentary has 
been printed on the margins of the Nihayah (see Supplement) at 
Cairo, a.h. 1311 (a.d. If 



BAILLIE COLLECTION. 



6. 



Nahj al-Balaghah. 

Pols. 319; 12iin. by 7iin. ; 15 lines, each 4| in. long; written 
in beautiful Naskh on thick paper ; headings are in red ink ; the 
two first pages are richly illuminated and also the frontispieces to 
the second and third parts ; thick gold lines round the text and 
thinner round the margins ; the periods, which are large, are also 
illuminated throughout ; numerous commentaries are written both 
under the lines and on the margins ; badly soiled by damp, and slightly 
damaged by insects ; the binding is of gilt-filled stamped leather ; 
not dated; bears an inscription in Persian to the effect that the 
owner bought it in a.h. 1179 (a.d. 1765) in a soiled state. 

This, evidently a valuable copy, consists of a collection of the 
speeches, mandates, educational works, wise sayings, and sermons of 
'All b. Abl Talib, son-in-law of the Prophet. It was compiled by 
Al-Sharif al-Radi Abu al-Hasan Muhammad b. al-Husain b. Musa 
(d. a.h. 406, a.d. 1415). The work is divided into an introduction 
and three parts : — 

I. Al-Khutab w-al-Awamir, fol. 6a. 

II. Al-Khutab w-al-Rasa'il, fol. 2045. 

III. Al-Hikam w-al-Mawa'iz, fol. 2705. 



'J\ — 4j\a>c\ \^aj iX*.sM <J*5>- ,_cJJl a1H iX*r*- AxJ [*\ 

See B.M.A. Cat., p. 5115, and Supplt., 1238; etc. 

It has been lithographed in Cairo with the commentary of the late 
Al-Shaikh Muhammad 'Abdu, who was a celebrated philosopher, and 
besides several works wrote a commentary upon the Quran. 



7. 

Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah. 

Pols. 651 ; 13 in. by 9 in. ; 39 lines, each 5£in. long; written in 
small excellent Naskh, headings in red ; bound in gilt-stamped 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 5 

leather ; gold-lined round the pages throughout ; numerous microscopic 
notes on the margins ; two uniform volumes in one. 

A most elaborate commentary upon the work (see above) by the 
celebrated 'Abd al-Hamld b. Hibat-allah, b. Muhammad b. Muhammad 
b. Abl al-Hadid (d. a.h. 655, a.d. 1257), who dedicated and submitted 
it a year before his death to Al-Wazlr Mu'ayyad al-DIn Muhammad 
b. al-Alqami, through his brother Muwaffaq al-Dln Abu al-Ma'ali. 

The present good copy, which is in fair preservation, is divided into 
twenty juz' (parts), with an index at the beginning. 

Begins : 
. . . ^yL^ *\]~> J._.*K J._£_i JUGlj OjkJ ^jsS\ <QJ.X«*sm 

^\ — J^x^i\j t JS\jJ u A\ c-^s-Lal! J&£.i\ jl\jt\ ^JyA\ +~>\j<* ^ JuOj 

Cf. B.M.A. Cat., p. 152b ; KM. Lib., iv, pp. 277, 341 ; etc. 
It has beeu lithographed at Teheran, a.h. 1271 (a.d. 1854). 



8. 

Ghurar al-Hikam wa Durar al-Kalim. 

Eols. 244; 10 in. by 6£iu. ; 15 Hues, each 3f in. long; written in 
good JSTaskh; the headings are in various colours; slightly damaged 
by insects ; binding artistic ; retains traces of gilt both outside and 
inside ; copied at Herat from a MS. in Najaf Ashraf, a.h. 1023 
(a.d. 1614), by Al-Wafi Muhammad Jan b. Husaini al-HarawI. 

An excellent MS., which contains a collection of the numerous 
wise sayings of the same 'All b. Abl Talib, the son-in-law of the 
Prophet. The apothegms were gathered and arranged by 'Abd 
al- Wahid b. Muhammad b. 'Abd al- Wahid Amid! Tamiml in the 
sixth century Hi j rah. 

Begins : 

See Haj. Khal., ii, 646 sq., and iv, 318; B.M.A. Cat., 331 sq. ; 
Leyden Cat., 193 ; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 162 ; Brockelmann, i, p. 44 ; etc. 



BAILLIE COLLECTION. 



III. LAW. 
9. 

Kanz al-Daqa'iq. 

Fols. 304 ; 10^ in. by 8 in. ; 7 lines, each 4| in. long ; well written 
in large Naskh on thin yellowish paper ; numerous marginal as well 
as interlinear glosses in Persian ; damaged by insects ; bound in plain 
leather ; not dated. 

A work on Hanafi Law, by Abu al-Barakat 'Abd-allah b. Ahmad 
b. Mahmud al-Nasafi (d. a.h. 710, a.d. 1310). It is an abridgement 
of his <j\»i\ (Al-Wafi), and is divided into 49 parts : — 



I. 


Folio 3a 


II. 


11a 


III. 


425 


IY. 


62a 


V. 


72a 


VI. 


,, 102a 


VII. 


,, 1115 


VIII. 


,, 1185 


IX. 


,, 123a 


X. 


,, 134a 


XL 


„ 1345 


XII. 


,, 135a 


XIII. 


,, 1355 


XIV. 


,, 136a 


XV. 


„ 1395 


XVI. 


„ 160a 


XVII. 


„ 1665 


XVIII. 


„ 1745 


XIX. 


„ 1795 


XX. 


,, 181a 



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ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 



XXI. 

XXII. 

XXIII. 

XXIV. 

XXV. 

XXVI. 

XXVII. 

XXVIII. 

XXIX. 

XXX. 

XXXI. 

XXXII. 

XXXIII. 

XXXIV. 

XXXV. 

XXXVI. 

XXXVII. 

XXXVIII. 

XXXIX. 

XL. 

XLI. 

XLII. 

XLIII. 

XLIV. 

XLV. 

XLVI. 

XL VII. 

XLVIII. 

XLIX. 



Folio 1873 
„ 1945 
,, 1995 



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. . . L$ 



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V^J 






203a ij^LuJ 



208a 
2095 
211a 
212a 
2133 
228a 
2305 
2325 
234a 
237a 
2415 
245a 
2465 
247a 
2485 
2495 
255a 
2560 
2575 
2635 
270a 
2825 
2835 
2915 
298a 



L*\JS 
Jill*) 



^ 



b BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

Begins : 

See Haj. Khal., 10,900; B.M.A. Cat., pp. 119a and 4175, and 
Supplt., 288-289; Leyden Cat., 1830; Ahlwardt (Berlin Cat.), 1013; 
Loth (I.O. Cat.), 255 ; Paris Cat., 891 ; Stewart's Descriptive Cat., 
146; Brockelmann, ii, p. 196; Khed. Lib., iii, p. 105; etc. Persian 
translation of the same described in Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2575-2579. It 
has been printed at Dehll, a.h. 1287 (a.d. 1870), Lucknow, a.h. 1291 
(a.d. 1874), and Bombay, a.h. 1294 (a.d. 1876). 

10. 

Al-Ashbah w-al-Naza'ir al-Fiqhiyyah 'Ala Mazhab al-Hanafiyyah. 

Fols. 229 ; lOf in. by 7| in. ; 15 lines, each 4 in. long ; written in 
clear Naskh on thin paper ; not dated. 

A work on the Hanafi mazhab (tenets and practice). The author 
is described as Zain b. Najim al-Hanafl, whose full name, as mentioned 
in other works, is Zain al-'Abidm b. Ibrahim b. Najlm al-Misri 
(d. a.h. 969 or 970, a.d. 1561 or 1562). 

Begins : 

See Haj. Khal., i, p. 309 ; B.M.A. Cat., p. 142«, and Supplt., 1252 
(iii); Leyden Cat., 1878; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 272; Aumer (Munich 
Cat.), 323 ; Paris Cat., 967-968 ; Brockelmann, ii, p. 310 ; 
Gildemeister, Bonn, 11; Khed. Lib., iii, p. 5; Dora (St. Petersb. 
Cat.), p. 42; etc. Printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1242 (a.d. 1826). 

11-12. 

Sharh Mafatih al-Shara'i'. 

Pols. 793; Hi in. by 8iin. ; 29 lines, each 5^ in. long; good 
Ka6ta'llq ; binding much injured, retains traces of gilt ; illuminated 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 9 

lines round the pages ; transcribed for the library of Sayyid Muhammad 
Fadil, at Murshidabad, a.h. 1175 (a.d. 1761); two vols. 

An extensive commentary upon the Mafatih al-Shara'i'. The latter 
was originally written by Maulana. Muhammad Muhsin KashanI 
(still alive in a.h. 1105). The present work, compiled in a.h. 1090 
(a.d. 1679), is by the author's nephew, Muhammad b. Muhammad b. 
Murtada, known as Al-Radi. It is divided into three muqaddimahs 
(introductions) and two fanns (parts) : — 

Fann I treats with ciA-sLamHj cul jL*J! , and is subdivided into six 
books and a khdtimah (epilogue) : — 

i. iiLaH ^J'Ut iv. *f^\ - suliL* 

ii. s§}\ „ v. J^l^j^Ji ,, 

iii. i*}* 3 ^ >> V1 - ^}$*^_j &+"*&\ ,, 

khdtimah — jJL.s! o 

Fann II treats with CL>L*lx*l j ojI jUM , and is subdivided into six 
books and a khdtimah : — 

ii. <^\yA\) *?\^\ ,, v. e^'L^A!^ 'Lift! I „ 

iii. L^^J^tWj jjijU^Ji ,, vi. ci-u ,^!1_j u aj\J&\ ,, 

khdtimah — L*cJLi\ jj^si ij> 
Begins : 

^ _ jr J1 Jj! ^li ^j W . . . 

For Mafatih al-Shara'i' see Brockelmann, ii, p. 406 ; etc. 



13. 

Mukhtalif al-Shi'ah fi Ahkam al-Shari'ah. 

Fols. 301 ; 9f in. by 7\ in. ; 21 lines, each 4^ in. long; written in 
ordinary Naskh with titles in red ; soiled by damp and slightly injured 



10 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

by insects ; bound in stamped leather ; copyist, Muhammad b. Hindu- 
Shah al-Yasrl al-Astrabadl ; dated a.h. 958 (a.d. 1551). 

A digest of Shi'ah law, by the celebrated Al-'Allamah, Jamal 
al-Dln Abu Mansur al-Hasan b. Yiisuf b. 'All b. al-Mutahhar al-Hilll 
(d. aged 78, a.h. 726, a.d. 1325). The present incomplete copy 
consists of juz' or division 3 and 4, see another copy described below, 
and is divided into six kitabs or books : — 



I. Folios 1-96, 




Sj\^U\ ujliT 


(commerce). 


II. 


965-142, 


w 


1 yj ^^\ „ 


(debts, etc.). 


III. „ 


1425-164, 


\<*i\ 


»j. <ujj»'i ,, 


(trusts and deposits) 


IV. „ 


1645-198, 


\fu\ 


yj Hj\s>~1\ ,, 


(rent, etc.). 


v. 


1985-256, 




c^yi „ 


(gifts). 


VI. „ 


256«-301, 




t tLii „ 


(marriage). 


Begins : 











Cf. Brockelmann, ii, 164, etc. 

14. 

Mukhtalif al-SM'ah fl Ahkam al-Shari'ah. 

Fols. 351 ; 12 in. by 1\ in. long ; 33 lines, each 4 in. long ; clear 
Naskh ; each of the three divisions possesses illuminated frontispiece ; 
gold-lined round the pages, much injured by insects ; bound in stamped 
leather; copyist, Musa b. Hasan b. Zaid b. 'All b. 'Abd-allah 
al-Ihsani; dated a.h. 1087 (a.d. 1676). 

This is an extensive part of the same work on Shi'ah law as above, 
comprising the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th juz' or division. It is divided 
into eleven books : — 

I. Folio la \#ej\ y\ <£*Ji>jM <—>l^ 

II. „ 15a \$x)\ y>) Xj^W ,, 

III. „ 68« c O ,, 

(The fourth fasl or subdivision of this part has an 
illuminated frontispiece on fol. 1015.) 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 11 

IV. Folio 128a jilaJi <_>l^ 

V. ,, 164« \#u\ y 3 L pj£\ ,, 

VI. ,, 1895 \pi\ ?} J^}}\ » 

VII. „ 2125 \fti\ ji) *~A\ „ 

(This part has an illuminated frontispiece.) 

VIII. Folio 229« \#u\ yi) *USM c_->l^ 

IX. ,, 264* yaji/ll ,, 

X. ,, 2883 ^sA\ „ 

(Also has frontispiece illuminated.) 
XI. Folio 314* .... cubj^ u o\*a&\ <—>l^ 
Begins : 

dl _ <u*iJ ( Ac li^i. J Us J^ *j*-j **>^ /J-* 

As will be seen from a comparison of the preceding work, the 
books i, ii, and iii of this are identical with iii, iv, and vi of the 
preceding work. 

15. 

Fiqh al-Imamiyyah. 

Fols. 446; 9 in. by 6^ in. ; 10 lines, each 3£ in. long; written in 
large and distinct Naskh in the same handwriting as Kanz al-Daqa'iq ; 
thin paper ; bound in gilt-stamped leather ; bears the name of the 
author; dated a.h. 1205 (a.d. 1790). 

This is a digest of Muhammadan law according to the sect of the 
twelve Imams, and was written (so states a note at the beginning 
and another at the end in the hand of Col. John Baillie) by the 
direction of Sir William Jones. A translation of it (most probably 
in English) was commenced at Lucknow on the 16th March, 1798 
(24th Bamadan, 1212), and completed on the 20th February, 1799 
(13th Bamadan, 1213). 



12 



BAILLIE COLLECTION. 



The author is Siraj al-Haqq, who divided his work into eleven 
parts : — 



I. Folio 1 


II. 


85 


III. 


, 106 


IV. 


, 133 


V. , 


, 149 


VI. , 


, 185 


VII. 


, 201 


VIII. 


, 220 


IX. 


, 260 


X. 


, 272 


XI. 


, 343 



Begins 



1 &\J\j k>y-ij f-^\ 






o» 



u^ 






>\JS\, Sj^K 






TiW ] o£ : 



^fijVstW 



'J\ _ ,i*/S*M Jli J-j-M ^^ lS J--3J dj\j\, tbjJ*) J-r^ l t- , V 



16. 

Fiqh al-Sirajiyyah. 

Fols. 275 ; 8|-in. hy 6|in. ; 9 lines, each 3-|-in. long; good JNaskh ; 
thin yellowish paper ; bound in leather ; written in the same hand- 
writing as Kanz al-Daqa'iq ; numerous notes ; not dated. 

The well-known treatise on the Law of Inheritance of the Muslims, 
by Muhammad b. Muhammad Siraj al-Dln al-Sajawandl (about 
a.h. 600, a.d. 1203), whose name, however, does not appear in the 
present copy. It begins with the first book on i|.\-cuSI > which is 
divided into 12 chapters. 

This volume concludes : 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 13 

For continuation of this work see below, and also see Haj. Khal., iv, 
399 sq.; B.M.A. Cat., p. 409, and Supplt., 275 (iii), 435, 1197 (iv); Loth 
(I.O. Cat.), 239 ; Leyden Cat., 423 sq. ; etc. Edited by Sir W. Jone?, 
Calcutta, a.h. 1207 (a.d. 1792). 



17. 

Fiqh al-Sirajiyyah. fi al-Musaqah. 

Pols. 198 ; 10^ in. by 7i in. ; 9 lines, each 4£ in. long ; good 
Naskh ; written by the same hand as above ; numerous notes ; 
damaged by insects ; some ten pages have been added bearing on 
the same subject, which are in a different hand ; bound in leather ; 
not dated. 

This is a second volume to the above, and begins with the secon 1 
fa si on SlSLuw*!!, and concludes: 



18. 

Fiqh fi al-Hudud w-al-Q,isas wa-al-Ta'zirat. 

Fols. 124 ; 8^- in. by 6 in. ; 9 lines, each 3 J in. long ; clear Naskh ; 
written in the same handwriting as the Kanz al-Daqa'iq and Fiqh 
al-Sirajiyyah ; slightly stained by damp ; bound in plain leather ; 
not dated. 

It is stated in the introduction (fols. 1-4) that this work, which 
treats of Legal Punishment, Retribution, and Penal Laws, was 
compiled in the time of Messrs. Henry Colbrooke and John Harris 
Harrington by a Mufti, whose name however does not appear, at 
the direction of Capt. (afterwards Lieut. -Col.) Baillie. Probably the 
Mufti was Nizam al-Din, a great-grandson of the famous Shaikh 'Abd 
al-Haqq of Dehli, who, it is stated by his son Al-Mufti Ikram al-Din 



14 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

Khan, having accompanied Shah-'alam in his memorable campaigns in 
the East, had settled down temporarily at Benares, and was at the 
request of some English officials engaged in some similar work. 
The introduction begins : 



IV. GENERAL HISTORY. 
19. 

Ta'rikh al-Umam w-al-Muluk. 

Fols. 242; 10 J in. by 6J in. ; 25 lines, each 3f in. long; written 
in very neat small Naskh; bound in plain leather; dated a.h. 876 
(a.d. 1471) ; bears signature in English of C. Gladwin. 

A general history of the world, from the earliest times, by the 
celebrated Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Jazir b. Taztd al-Tabari of 
Tabaristan, who was a famous Imam of Baghdad and a great author. 
He finished his history in a.h. 302 (a.d. 914), and at the request of his 
friends reduced his work of 30,000 sheets to a much more reasonable 
size. This work was translated into Persian and continued by Abu 
Muhammad of Tabriz. Al-Tabaii died, in great renown for learning 
and sanctity, at Baghdad in a.h. 310 (a.d. 922). 

The present excellent MS. is an abridgement of the original 
extensive history, but nothing important has been omitted, and its 
contents extend from the Creation to the year a.h. 133 (a.d. 750), the 
closing scene of Khallfah Marwan II b. Muhammad b. Hakam, when 
he was slain at the battle of Kufah. 

Begins : 

See B.M.A. Cat., p. 142, and for Persian version see references in 
B.M. Pers. Cat., i, p. 69 sq. ; Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 17; Haj. 
Khal., ii, p. 36 ; etc. 







«~«A 



I uitf, *■**, *<. 

Qn^tu^v (fee. v.) >* 3^a>vw , £ PtTi^o^w - 

1.. * J Uj ..L />... .. . J . J 



^te*~(U 4 IM.&^<W,vc^j, 



Ha-zvW Ltf^ No. 16sV. ^an^vt-q^ ~sj 
Ht3 ty l(*- 17?. 















-^p 



I 3 









P 7} 



, i — ^ . 






ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 15 



20. 



t -^\ t .U 



I lb' 



ISO Jami' al-Tawarikh. 

Fols. 277; I7fin. by 13Jin. ; 35 lines, each 10 in. long; clear | v 
Naskh ; headings and verses in red ; the texts of the Quran in larger , : 
hand; contains seventy illustrations; each part has an illuminated ^/fiS 

_frontispiece ; a very old copy, written in the lifetime of the author ; _ 

) dated a.h. 7 707 (a.d. L3fiS}. I Sol /©? ■ 1 f *-* A 

- $• ; ■ j -i\d a . *x i * *l i s ^ ■ ?0 , s v 

An authentic general history of the world from the earliest times, , v 
by Amir Fadl-allah Eashid al-DTn b. 'Imacl al-Daulah Abu al-Khair ._v 
b. Muwafuq al-Daulah, d. a.h. 718 (a.d. 1318), a£ed 73 years, at . 
Tabriz. According to a note in Persian on fol. 105a,' " this, the history ... 
of Al-Tabari(?), was completed in a.h. 703 (a.d. 1306), but the whole «( R 
work, including supplements on special history, was finished three ^ 
years later.'^JThe author was a physician in Hamadan, the city of his |( 
birth, and it was on account of his skill in his profession that he rose 1 \ 
in the favour of Tartar kings of Persia. He commenced the present ' ' 
work by command of Ghazan Khan, who was a patron of literature, 
and who had appointed him Wazir in a.h. 697 (a.d. 1298), which post ' „v 
he held under Ghazan's son and successor. He was charged with 
administering poison to his patron TJljaitii, by his son Abii Sa'id, and 
executed. Besides the above work he wrote several others, e.g., 
Kitab al-Tauzihat, Miftah al-Tafasir amd al-Risalah al-Sultaniyyah, etc. 

The present MS., which is one of the oldest extant, has unfortunately 
fols. 1-3' and 70-1 Of missing, and is also incomplete at the end. It is 
divided into three principal parts : — 

Part I, in two sections : — 

Section i begins from an account of the reign of Shaddad : Prophet 
HM (Eber), the tribes of 'Ad and Saniud, Prophet Salih ; the 
Kings of Persia from Kayumars to Tazdajird — these are treated in ) v 
one fasl and four tabaqa.t : — 

(1) Fols. 4&-135. Al-Bishdiyyah : Hushang, Jamshid, Dahhak, 
Prophet Abraham, Parldun, Prophet Joseph, Zaww b. Tahmasp, ft v (H" 
Prophet Jethro, Prophet Moses, Aaron, Minuchihr, Nudar, 
Prophets Al-Khidr and Moses (continued), Tubba's, Prophet 
Joshua, Zaww b. Tahmasp b. Minuchihr. 



16 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

(2) Fols. 135-215. Al-Kayaniyyah : Kaiqubad, the Israelites, 
Prophets Ilyas and 'Isaiyyah, Luhrasp, Suhrab, Bukhtanassar, 
Gushtasp b. Luhrasp, the Kings of Yaman from the time of 
Kaikawus to that of Bahman, Bahman b. Isfandiyar, Kaikawus 
b. Qubad, Prophets David and Solomon, Queen Humai Chehr-zad, 
Darius b. Bahman, Darius b. Darius, Alexander the Great, 
Jama-Ashk b. Ashkan. 

(3) Fols. 215-266. Al-Ashkaniyyah : Ashk b. Ashkan, the 
Kings of Greece, the Caesars of Rum after Alexander (Ptolemus), 
the Kings of the Arabs before Islam, Ashab al-Kahf (the seven 
sleepers), Prophet Jonah, Prophets George and Khalid. 

(4) Fols. 265-46tf. ' Al-Sasaniyyah : Ardashir b. Babak, his son 

Shapur, his son Hurmuz, his son Bahram, his son Bahrain, his son 

Bahrain, his son Tarsi, his son Hurmuz, his son Shapur, his brother 

Ardashir, Bahram b. Shapur, Yazdajird al-Asim, Bahramgur, 

his son Yazdajird, his son Firuz, his son Balash, Qubad b. Firuz, 

the Kings of Yaman, Nushirwan the Just, Ashab al-Fil (the 

owners of elephants), Nushirwan (continued), Saif b. Zi al-Yazan, 

Hurmuz b. Nushirwan, his son Khusrau Parwlz, death of 

Al-N'uman b. al-Munzir, Shiruyah b. Khusru Parwiz, his son 

Ardashir, Shahrzad, Buran daughter of Khusrau Parwiz, Parwiz 

b. Bahram, Azarmi b. Khusrau Parwiz, his brother Farrukhzad, 

Yazdajird b. Shahriyar b. Khusrau Parwiz. 
f 
Section ii. — Fols. 4#«-696. 'Adnan : — digging of a well called 

Zam - zam ; marriage of 'Abd-allah with Aminah ; birth of 

Muhammad, his childhood, genealogy, history of his life, of his 

companions. Here from the beginning of the era of Al-Hijrah 

the account breaks off till a.h. 122 (a.d. 739). 

On fol. 108a, the history again begins with the events of the 
above year, describing the rule of the 11th Khalifah, Walld 
b. Yazid II, of the house of Umayyah, and his successors to 
Marwan II, who was the last of his race. 

On fol. 1105, the history of the thirty-eight Khalifahs of the 
'Abbasiyah dynasty begins with the reign of Abu al- 'Abbas 
'Abd-allah al-Saffah, a.h. 132 (a.d. 749), and goes down to the 
last Khalifah al - Musta'sim bi-allah, a.h. 656 (a.d. 1258), 
fol. 1545. 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 17 

Part II. — Fol. 105b, history of Sultan MahmQd b. Sabuktagm, his 
ancestors and descendants, extending down to the death of 
Khusrau-Shah. This portion also includes a history of the 
Dailamis, Al-i Buwaih, and Al-i Saman, for the same period. 

Part III. — Fol. 1853, history of the Saljuq Turks from their first 
establishment to the death of Tughril b. Arslan in a.h. 590 
(a.d. 1193). This is followed by a zail (supplement), which had 
been written, as it is stated, eight years and two months after 
the death of Tughril. The author of this portion calls himself 
Abu Hamid Muhammad b. Ibrahim. It treats in a Ichatimah 
on the last episode of the reign of Tughril. 

Part IV. — Pol. 217, history of the Sultans of Khwarizm from the 
beginning to the end of the dynasty. This part abruptly comes 
to a close in the account of the relief of FIruzkuh and Ghaznl. 

The introduction to the third part begins : 

■J\ _ r ^\, -uln 

This MS. is identical with the one of the five mentioned by 
Morley in the Eoyal Asiatic Society Cat., p. 5, I. Also cf. for 
the work in general, Haj. Khal., ii, p. 509 ; Pliigel (Vienna Cat.), 
ii, p. 179 ; Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 74 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 69 ; 
Dorn (St. Petersb. Cat.), p. 279 ; D'Ohsson, Histoire des Mongols, 
i, pp. xxxiii-xliv; Journal Royal Asiatic Society, i, 1841. One of 
the Society's MSS., consisting of only a detached portion of the work, 
written in the same hand and dated a.h. 714 (a.d. 1314), is by no 
means the entire missing part of the present MS. 

V. BIOGRAPHY. 
21. 

Wafayat al-A'yan. 

Pols. 896; 12 in. by 6f in. ; 19 lines, each h\ in. long; written in 
fair Nasta'llq on reddish paper ; one side of binding retains its gilt- 
filled stamps ; slightly injured by damp ; not dated. ; . 



18 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

These are the famous biographies commenced in Cairo, a.h. 654 
(a.d. 1256), and completed there, a.h. 672 (a.d. 1274), by the 
celebrated scholar, poet, and historian, Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 
Ibrahim b. Abl Bakr b. Khallikan (d. a.h. 681, a.d. 1282). The 
work begins with the life of Abu 'TJmran and Abu 'Ammar Ibrahim 
b. Yazid, and ends with that of Al- Shaikh Abu al-Fadl Yunus. 



LZJf*\\> ajLc Xs. S-s-j — *LiiJljJ.AJ' ^j'J^\ tS}\ A*»~A*j . . . 

See Haj. Bhal., 14,698; B.M.A. Cat. Supplt., 607-612; Loth 
(I.O. Cat.), 703 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), p. 244 ; etc. This work was 
translated by Baron McGuckin De Slane, a.d. 1842-1871 ; and edited 
by Wustenfeld, Gottiugen, a.d. 1837-1843. 

22. 

Wafayat al-A'yan. 

Fols. 394; Hi in. by 7f in. ; 35 lines, each 5£m- long; written 
in small Naskh; headings in red; bound in plain gilt-lined 
leather ; much injured ; bears names of owners, one of these is 
dated a.h. 1068 (a.d. 1658). 

Another much older copy of the same work as above. A few pages 
at the end are missing. It ends in the middle of the life of Yunus 
b. Hablb (De Slane, iv, p. 586). 

Begins like the preceding copy. 

23. 

Al-Manhal al-§afl w-al-Mustaufi ba'd al-Wafi. 

Fols. 319 ; 1H in. by 7 J in. ; 29 lines, each 4-§- in. long ; written in 
distinct small Naskh ; headings in red ; stamped leather binding ; 
slightly soiled ; an old copy ; not dated. 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 19 

This is vol. i of the biographical dictionary of famous persons by 
Yusuf b. Taghri Bird! al-Malikl al-Nasiri (d. a.h. 874, a.d. 1469). 
In all other descriptions he is called al-Zahiri. It begins with an 
account of the life and reign of Al-Malik Mu'izz al-Dln Aibak 
al-Turkmanl (fol. 2). The volume ends with the letter \a, with the 
notes of Talhah al-Ma gh ribi. 

This work is a continuation of the Al-Wafi of Al-Safadi up to the 
time of the author. 

Begins : 

'J\ —jtf&W) j\*s.V\ j)^) .)!bd\ J&* <dU*.sM 

See Khed. Lib., v, 162; De Slane (Paris Cat.), 2068; Fliigel, 
(Vienna Cat.), 1174; etc. 

24. 

^^i!^ i^J]\ ^y*^ && &y^\ i— iA^ 

Kashf al-Zunun 'an AsamI al-Kutub w-al-Funun. 

Fols. 363 ; 9f in. by 6f in. ; 17 lines, each 3 in. long ; good Naskh ; 
bound in stamped leather ; not dated. 

An excellent MS. of an abridgement of the encyclopaedic and 
biographical dictionary of the famous Mustafa b. 'Abd-allah Katib 
Chalabi, known as Haji Khalfah, who died (circ.) a.h. 1067 (a.d. 1657). 

Begins : 

See B.M.A. Cat., p. 4783; Supplt., 719; Noble's Madrid Cat., 
24-26 ; Leyden Cat., 25 ; etc. The work was printed for the 
Oriental Translation Fund in a.d. 1835 and 1850, together with 
a Latin translation by Prof. Fliigel (see Supplement). 

VI. MEDICINE. 
25. 

Al-Jami' Liquwa al-Adwiyah w-al-Aghziyah. 

Fols. 103; Ufin. by 8£ in. ; Naskh ; much damaged by damp; 
incomplete ; bears two seals of the owner* Yasin b-. Mahmud, 



20 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

a.h. 1177 (a.d. 1763); copied by Al-Haj Ibrahim b. al-Shaikh 'Abd 
al-Kahman b. Naqiq, at Ark. 

A dictionary of simple medicaments, originally compiled by Diva 
al-Dln Abi Muhammad b. 'Abd-allah b. Ahmad al-Malik! al-Ashshab, 
known as Ibn al - Baitar (d. a.h. 646, a.d. 1248). The MS. is 
incomplete, begins at the letter £ and ends with ij*. The last 
15 folios are written in small hand. 

Concludes : 
«_iU^£ <uiL-«j u»£A\ j*h£j fjjji\ ( j^§ *Ju J\i *Uj dJsyi *£ Jj <J 

See Haj. Khal., vi, 34 ; and for MSS., see B.M.A. Cat., p. 691<i; 
Supplt., 798 ; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 790 ; Leyden Cat., iii, p. 257 ; 
Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), 2001 ; Paris Cat., 2976-2989 ; Dorn 
(St. Petersb. Cat.), 107; Noble (Madrid Cat.), 17, 22, and 54; 
Khed. Lib., vi, p. 12; etc. It has been printed in four vols., at 
Bulaq, a.h. 1291 (a.d. 1874). This work has been translated into 
German by Dr. Joseph von Sontheimer, Stuttgart, a.d. 1840-1842. 
Cf. Dozy in Zeitschr. d. Deutsch. morgenl. Ges., xxiii, 183. 

VII. MATHEMATICS. 
26. 

Miftah al-Hisab. 

Fols. 332; 9| in. by 6f in. ; 13 lines, each 3£ in. long; well 
written in mixed Naskh and Nasta'liq, with neat tables, diagrams, 
and notes in Persian ; injured by insects ; dated a.h. 1092 (a.d. 1681). 

A treatise on general arithmetic by the celebrated astronomer 
Ghiyas al-Din Jamshid b. Mas'ud b. Mahniud al-Tayyib al-Kashl, 
commonly known as Al-Ghayyas, who dedicated the work to Mirza. 
TJlugh Beg, grandson of Tlmur (see fol. 4b). 

The author, who is reputed to have possessed rough manners, 
with little or no knowledge of the etiquette of the Court, was 
nevertheless a favourite with Ulugh Beg, who had appointed him 
one of the four keepers of his observatory, which had been built in the 
north-east of Samarqand in a.h. 823 (a.d. 1420). Al-Ghayyas wrote 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 21 

a series of works on mathematics, chiefly astronomy, some of which 
are enumerated in the preface to the present work. He died probably 
much earlier than a.h. 887 (a.d. 1482), as stated in the St. Petersburg 
Catalogue, p. 118. 

The subject is divided into a muqaddimah or introduction (u-fl^j* <J 
cya »/♦.!! ^Lj^ +\m*s\j Jj.«11_j t_jl*u.sM) on fol. 8a, and five maqulahs 
or chapters : — 

I (ij x^\ As.l\i T Xs."^\ t_*L*r>- tl), in six 5a5s or sections, 

on fols. 85, 95, 125, 18a, 28a, and 365. 

II ( ,*m£}\ <__jL*fi»~ (J), in twelve 5<?5s, on fols. 375, 395, 415, 

425, 455, 475, 49a, 51a, 515, 545, and 565. 

III ( .,*^sa^!l <__>Luj>- (j±)o ij), in six 5a5s, on fols. 585, 60a, 

62a, 67a, 70, and 74a. 

IV (1^U^J\ J), on fol. 795, in eight 5a5s, on fols. 805, 88a, 

925, 97a, 106a, 112a, 1215, and 1245. 

iUjUu-s.^. Jk^.ii'0, in four 5a5s, on fols. 1395, 1535, 155a, 
and 177a. 
The preface begins : 
&\&s$\ uJj^-s *— iJbj J>jij^ jW-1l s^JuIj J^y tjiJl *U.X*sl\ 

Cf. Haj. Khal., vi, 12; B.M.A. Cat., p. 119; Leyden Cat., iii, 
75; Dorn (St. Petersb. Cat.), loc. cit. ; Bibl. Sprenger, 1824; Loth 
(1.0. Cat.), 756; etc. 

27. 

Tahrlr Uqlidus. 
Fols. 142; 6f in. by 4 in. ; 21 lines, each 2 in. long; written in 
small hand in good Naskh ; stamped leather binding ; much damaged 
by insects; dated on fol. 140, Bamadan, a.h. 882 (a.d. 1477), and on 
fol. 142, Shawwal, a.h. 982 (a.d. 1573). 



22 



BAILLIE COLLECTION. 



This is a much more complete work of Euclid than the Greek text 
that has come down to us. It was translated from the Greek hy the 
famous philosopher and astronomer Khwajah Nasir al-DIn al-TusI 
(d. a.h. 672, a.d. 1274) b. Imam Fakhr al-Dln, and was brought to 
Spain by the Arabs, thence a knowledge of its contents was diffused 
throughout Europe long before the Greek original was discovered. 
In this work Nasir al-Din proves most of the propositions, sometimes 
in two, three, and four ways, wholly different from the demonstrations 
of the Greek author. 

This work on geometry consists of fifteen maqdlahs (books), and is 
illustrated with numerous neat diagrams in red ink. 

The maqdlahs begin : — 



I. Folio Iff. 


IX. F 


3I10 84«. 


II. 


, 28ff. 


X. 


„ 885. 


III. 


345. 


XI. 


1085. 


IV. 


47ff. 


XII. 


1195. 


V. 


535. 


XIII. 


„ 128a. 


VI. 


„ 60ff. 


XIV. 


„ 1365. 


VII. 


73ff. 


XV. 


1395. 


VIII. 


795. 






gin: 









For the author and his works see Haj. Khal., ii, 213 ; Beale, Orient. 
Biog. Diet, p. 297; B.M.A. Cat., pp. 4435, 6185; Aumer (Munich 
Cat.), 848 ; Paris Cat., 2465 ; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 736-740 ; Khed. Lib., 
v, p. 193; etc. It has been printed in Rome, a.d. 1594, and 
Constantinople, a.h. 996 (a.d. 1587), see Supplement. 



28. 

Makhriitat Ibloniyiis. 

Fols. 98 ; 7i in. by 5 in. ; cursive Nasta'llq ; 20 lines, each 2| in. 
long ; gold-lined round the page ; diagrams in red ink ; bears two 
l arz-dtdahs and four seals, one of the latter of the time of Emperor 
Alamgir ; much soiled by damp and injured by insects ; plain leather 
binding, which retains traces of gold lines round the margins ; copyist, 
Muhammad Baqir Radi. 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 23 

The treatise on conic sections by Apollonius of Perga, who was 
bom in the reign of Ptolemy Euergetes, and died during that of 
Ptolemy Philopater, who ruled 222-205 b.c. It is stated on fol. 52b 
that Apollonius dedicated the first three books of his conic sections to 
^jjaj^) (Eudemus). 

The treatise was originally in eight books, of which only the first 
four were known in Europe. About the middle of the seventeenth 
century the next three books were translated from an Arabic MS. dated 
a.d. 1250. The complete eighth book is still missing. In a.d. 1710 
Edmund Halley, Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford, tried to 
restore the last book on the basis of the introductory lemmata of 
Pappus. The present MS. is divided into 8 parts: — 

I. Folio la, contains 60 propositions. 



II. 


ii 


22a, 


n 


63 


III. 


ii 


34«, 


."> 


55 1 


IV. 


ii 


53«, 


11 


53 


V. 


ii 


616, 


1 1 


77 


YI. 


ii 


&0«, 


)) 


32 


VII. 


ii 


90«, 


11 


50 



* 



(The subject treated of in the above-mentioned books is very much 
the same as described in Florian Cajori's History of Mathematics, p. 48.) 
s. 5*£FTf Folio 97a. 

\ (This part, though written by the same hand, has a gap of a page 
) separating it from the preceding book, hence it looks like a new 
) portion.) 

| It may be observed also that there is no ^\]c^.J^\ *j (end of 
) conic sections) written at the end of the 7th book. Much would be 
required to decipher this last part of the MS., since the handwriting is 
not only more cursive than in the preceding books, but also devoid of 
vowels and diacritical points. Only by a careful scrutiny of its con- 
tents can it be determined whether the portion is the 8th book of 
the treatise on conic sections or some other work of Apollonius ; but 
as Mersenne (Synopsis Geometrise) states that Aben Nedim (about 
400 a.h.) mentioned that part of the 8th book of Apollonius's conies 
was known in Arabic, it is not improbable that this MS. contains the 
last missing part. 

1 It is stated that in some copies there are 56 propositions. 



?>cA 



21 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

The first part begins : 

Jl _ loft 
The eighth or last part begins : 

VIII. PHILOSOPHY. 
29. 

Ikhwan al-Safa. 

Fols. 442; 9 in. by 5 fin.; JSTaskh ; printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1227 
(a.b. 1812). 

The first twenty of the treatises of the Ikhwan al-Safa on the 
dispute between the animals and man. The authorship of this work 
has never been certainly discovered ; but in the introduction, which 
is written by Ahmad b. Muhammad al - Ansari a! - Shirwani 
(d. a.h. 1227, a.d. 1812), the work is attributed to Ibn al-Juldl, 
whose full name, however, does not appear. 

It has been translated into Persian and Urdu (both described 
elsewhere), and into German by Dieterici, Berlin, a.d. 1858. See 
Loth (I.O. Cat.), 474 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), 295 ; etc. 

Begins on page 5 : 

IX. ETHICS. 
30. 

jLsh ^ j_XL. ASJ\ jj\y* 

Mawarid al-Kilam wa silk Durar al-Hikam. 

Fols. 90; 61 in. by 4 in. ; 11 lines, each 2£ in. long; gold-lined 
round the page? ; written in good Xaskh with vowels ; headings in 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 25 

red ; worm-eaten ; repaired, badly obliterating a few words ; bears 
an 'arz-dtdah and a seal of Nawwab Asif al-Daulah of the year 
a.h. 1182 (a.d. 1768). 

A work on ethics by the celebrated Shaikh Abu al-Faid, eldest 
son of Shaikh Mubarak Naguri, and brother of the equally celebrated 
Abu al-Fadl. He was born at Agra, a.h. 954 (a.d. 1547), and on 
account of his literary talents became a great favourite with Akbar, 
who upon the death of Grhazali Mashhadi bestowed upon him the 
honorary title of '\^^\ <,_ £_L. (poet laureate), and also created 
him an Amir. He wrote poetry under the name of Faidi, but 
subsequently, two months before his death, changed it to Fayyadi. 
Faidi was a most prolific writer, and in all is said to have composed 
101 works. He was amongst the first Muslims to devote himself 
to the study of Sanskrit literature, and his knowledge of Arabic 
and Hebrew was also very profound. He died at Agra, a.h. 1004 
(a.d. 1595), leaving, according to Bada'uni, "a library of four 
thousand and six hundred volumes, some of them exquisitely copied 
with, what may be said to be, even unnecessary care and expense. 
Most of them were autographs of the respective authors, or at least 
copied by their contemporaries. They were all transferred to the 
king's library, after being catalogued and numbered in three different 
sections. The first included Poetry, Medicine, Astrology, and Music ; 
the second, Philosophy, Sufyism, Astronomy, and Geometry ; and the 
third, or lowest grade, included Commentaries, Traditions, Theology, 
and Law. There were also 101 different copies of his poem 
< Nal-Daman.' " 

In the composition of the present work, the author has made 
use of only thirteen out of the twenty- eight letters of the alphabet, 
which have no diacritical points (except in the last page, where the name 
^a,J occurs, every letter inscribed bears dot or dots). According 
to the index given on fols. 8b and 9, the work is divided into fifty 
mawarid, e.g. : 

Faidi also compiled another work, a commentary upon the Quran, 
similar in description to the present, and entitled " Sawati' al-Ilhani." 



26 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

The introduction begins : 

Cf. on the life and work of FaidI, Blochmann, A'in-i Akbari, 
pp. 490 sq. and 548 sq. ; Ouseley, Biogr. Notices, pp. 171-175 ; 
Elliot, Bibl. Index, i, p. 255 sq. ; FKigel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 318 ; etc. 



X. GRAMMAR. 
31. 

Al-Mufassal fi San'at al-I'rab. 

Fols. 274 ; 8 in. by 5-§- in. ; 13 lines, each 2\ in. long ; clear Naskh ; 
the last 6 fols. are written in a different hand ; numerous notes, 
both interlinear and marginal; an old copy; bears a seal, a.h. 1185 
(a.d. 1771). 

A treatise on grammar, dealing chiefly and extensively with 
etymology and syntax, by the celebrated Abu al-Q,asim Mahmud 
b. 'Uinar al-Zamakhshari (d. a.h. 538, a.d. 1143), see Supplement. 

It was composed in a.h. 515 (a.d. 1121), and is divided into four 

sections : 

i. Nouns, on fol. 8b. 

ii. Verbs, on fol. 1426. 

iii. Prepositions, conjunctions, etc., on fol. 181b. 

iv. Adjectives, on fol. 206. 

No adjectives have been dealt with as the author promised, but 

the section is devoted entirely to Al-Ifushtarak, and is written in 

a different hand. A couplet in Persian has been described round a 

margin by the hand of the copyist and also the 'Uhwdn. This 

suggests that the work was written either in India or in Persia. It is 

interesting, however, to note the extensive insight which the author 

had into the subject. The authorities from whom he mostly derived 

materials are too numerous to be all noted, but we may mention 

a few : Al-Akhtal, Abu Jandal, Ibn al- 'Abbas, Al-Khalidain (the two 

Khalids), Ka'b b. Rabi', 'Amr b. Malik b. Ja'far, 'Amr b. al-Tufail, 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 27 

Q,ais b. 'Innab, Qais b. Hamzah, Al-Qa'bain, Al-'Amrain (the two 
'Amrs), Al-Qaisain (the two Qais), Ibn Sa'd, SIbawaihi (the most 
celebrated grammarian of his time), Oas, Al-Nu'man, Al-Kisa'I, etc. 
Begins : 

See B.M.A. Cat., p. 230b ; Supplt., 925 ; Khed. Lib., iv, p. iii ; 
Ley den Cat., p. 93 ; etc. It has been printed at Alexandria, a.h. 1291 
(a.d. 1874), two editions at Christiania by J. B. Broch, a.d. 1879, 
and partly translated into German by Trumpp, a.d. 1878-1884. 



32. 

d^i \mj} i _ ..i 

Sharh al-Shafiyah. 

Fols. 231; 9f in. by 6| in.; 23 lines, each 3f in. long; written 
in small Nasta'liq ; bonnd in stamped leather ; bears a seal of 
Muhammad Ikram al-Haqq (a.h. 1167, a.d. 1753); slightly injured 
by insects. 

A commentary upon the Al-Shafiyah fl al-Sarf, a well-known 
treatise on inflection of Ibn Hajib (d. a.h. 646, a.d. 1248). 

The author of the commentary is Radi al-Dln Muhammad b. 
al-Hasan al-Radl al-Astarabadi (d. a.h. 686, a.d. 1287), who also 
wrote a commentary upon the Al-Kafiyah. Al-Kadi has been con- 
founded with Bukn al-Dln Hasan b. Muhammad al-Astarabadi, who 
was the author of three commentaries upon Al-Kafiyah, and died in 
a.h. 715 or 717 (a.d. 1315 or 1317). 

Begins : 

For other copies see Rieu (B.M.A. Cat. Supplt.), 955 ; Loth 

(I.O. Cat.), 952-953. It has been printed at Lucknow, a.h. 1262 

(a.d. 1845), and lithographed at Dehli, a.h. 1283 (a.d. 1866). Haj. 
Khal., iv, 5, confounds it with Kukn al- Din's commentary. 



28 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

33. 

Al-Wafiyah fi Sharh al-Kafiyah. 
Fols. 149 ; 8§- in. by 6 in. ; 17 lines, each 4 in. long ; clear N/asta'liq ; 
bound in stamped leather ; much damaged ; not dated ; an old copy. 

A commentary upon the Kafiyah ( 4-il£)l ), a well-known grammar 
of Ibn al-Hajib (d. a.h. 646, a.d. 1248). It is the middle-sized of 
the three commentaries. A few pages at the end are missing. The 
author was Sayyid Rukn al-DIn Hasan b. Muhammad al-Astarabadl 
(d. a.h. 715 or 717, a.d. 1315 or 1317). 

Begins : 

'J\ _ fjiji o^j- iMs>- <uke ^J-c 4JJU^o-l 

See Haj. Khal., v, 7 ; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 917; Leyden Cat., i, 38 ; 
Autuer (Munich Cat.), 321 ; Fleischer (Leipzig Cat.), 341 ; Ahlwardt 
(Berlin Cat.), 6565, etc. 

34. 

Mughni al-Lablb 'an Kutub al-A'arib. 

Fols. 296; Hi in. by 6f in. ; 17-18 lines, each 3| in. long. The 
binding is covered with green cloth stamped with gilt ; not dated ; 
bears two seals, of the third year of Emperor Muhammad Shah and 
a.h. 1210 (a.d. 1795) respectively; the first half is written in good 
Naskh, and the second portion is nearer to Nasta'liq, and more 
condensed ; there are copious minute notes round the margins. 

A famous treatise on grammar, by Jamal al-DIn 'Abd-allah b. Yusuf 
b. Hisham al-Ansarl (d. a.h. 761, a.d. 1359). In the introduction the 
author states that he began a work on this subject, a.h. 749 (a.d. 1348), 
in Mecca, and after his return from Egypt he set to work at it again. 
It is divided into eight sections : — 
i. "Words and their ahkams. 
ii. Sentences, their analysis and ahkams. 
iii. Prepositions, conjunctions, etc. 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 29 

iv. General information, which is frequently needed in parsing. 

v. Errors which occur in parsing. 

vi. List of some of the errors commonly regarded as correct, 

vii. How to parse. 

viii. Hints on the subject as a whole. 

The marginal notes which have been copiously added in the first 
portion are quotations bearing on the subject from scores of famous 
grammarians, most of whom preceded the author, while some were his 
contemporaries. 

Begins : 



$ 



See Haj. Khal., 655; B.M.A. Cat., 239; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 966; 
Aumer (Munich Cat.), 328 ; Ahlwardt (Berlin Cat.), 6725 ; Brockelmann, 
ii, p. 23 ; etc. 

35. 

. ..J . (i, . ■• • i^5 

Mughni al-Lablb 'an Kutub al-A'arib. 

Pols. 327 ; 9^ in. by 5f in. ; 15 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
Nasta'llq; copious notes, both the marginal and interlinear; injured 
by insects ; bears two seals of Himayat Khan ; not dated ; an old copy. 

Another complete copy of the preceding work is divided, like above, 
into eight babs (chapters), see fol. 2b : 

I. l^»&>-! .i jj i^Ij^jU^ -J***} ^i 

II. l^li.5-'^ l^Luil^Sjj ^Lfcjs ' ^»**ij o 

III. X*z\) (-Jyla-Sl )-&j J^-jsl^ C^LyL*U (j-r^-J^ JpjU-^j ii 

IV. V-^T < -r^/*'^V f^Wj ^JJJ^^r^. |*^=^ y^ ^ 

VI. IgiLi- c-J^^aS^j ^j-j^.^1 ^-J ci^^jj^ ^* jAS^ J. 

VIT. <-*!/$ fc^ J 



30 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

Begins : 



36. 



^\-*l 



<_J^ As J ttltj 

Risalat fi 'Ilm al-I'rab. 

Fols. 180 ; 9| in. by 6 J in. ; 17 lines, each 3 in. long ; good Naskh ; 
dated in Persian, a.h. 1225 (a.d. 1810). 

It is stated in the introduction that in Hindustan some learned 
grammarian had written a work based on the grammar of Al- Shaikh 
al-'Allamah lb al-Hajib (d. a.h. 646, a.d. 1248), and because this MS. 
was getting much injured through age the present copy was made. 

The work treats of etymology and syntax, in good readable style. 

Begins : 

aJLj >a_*_j L*! . . . <tfU*J sJjlj } MV^ *j^ *!■!' x*^ 4 



i 



\ _ c^lafllj \Si\ c^UA, 



37. 

fdS\ Ac J ^LJl j<i\j 

Nadir al-Bayan f I ' Ilm al-Nahw. 

Fols. 157 ; llfin. by 6 in. ; 20 lines, each 3f in. long ; Nasta'liq ; 
all important texts have been overlined with red ; bound in stamped 
leather ; injured by moths close to binding ; dated a.h. 1150 
(ad. 1737). 

A treatise on grammar by Ahmad b. al-Mas'ud al-Busaini al- 
Harkaml, who dedicated this work to Sayyid Ghulam Ahmad Kh an 
b. 'Izz al-Daulah Khan 'Alam Bahadur b. 'TJmdat al-Mulk Khan- 
Jahan Bahadur Zafar Jang 'Alamgirl. 

Begins : 

•J\ _ J^j)\ <±*<A £-*• la-i-S £+\JJi\ J*r>- t/jJl <Jjj^.^l 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 31 

38. 

'ITbab al-Lubab fi Taudlh Daqa'iq al-I'rab. 

Fols. 303; 10 in. by 6Jm. ; first 8 fols. are written in good 
Nasta'liq, thence to fol. 221 in bad Naskh, and in the last portion 
the writing is clear again; much injured by insects ; dated a.h. 843 
(a.d. 1434). 

A commentary upon the Lubab al-I'rab of Taj al-Din Muhammad 
b. Muhammad b. Ahmad b. al-Saif Isfara'inT Fadil («x*»-\ ^i J^.sr* 
^^jLJI i— su~i, see fol. 3a, last line), who flourished about the end 
of the seventh century a.h. The author is not mentioned. It begins 
with a preface : 
U-^aJ _j jLxll m ! j-i JJjJJ- 8i)y>- ) k -r J V- c ^ ^*3.:JUJ1 <UuJl**sM 

and was compiled during the reign of Sultan Muhammad b. Tughluq 
Shah of Dehli. The text of the Lubab is written in red in the 
first few pages, and subsequently overlined ; when combined they 
begin : 

c- >y& ^-* c^-%*-:L) L# J-c aJJj^sM _ *->-Jl ^**-J! <UJ1a*wJ 

The minute notes written on the margins were compiled at a school 
in Nishapur, in a.h. 736 (a.d. 1335), see last page. 

At the end there are written a few instructions to prayers by Abu 
al-Lais Nasr b. Muhammad b. Ibrahim al-Samarqandl. 



39-40. 

Al-Mutadawilah li Dars al-Nahw. 

Fols. 252 ; 94/ in. by 64. in. ; distinct Naskh ; plain leather binding ; 
gilt-lined ; two vols. 



32 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

An entire and correct edition of five famous books upon Arabic 
grammar collated with tbe most ancient MSS. in India by Lieut, 
(afterwards Col.) John Baillie. 

Yol. I contains : 

1. (Al-Mi'at 'Amil) J^lc <^>L!^ or (Al-'Awamil fi al-Nahw) 

ysti\ d J~\y&\ (pp. 1-11), by 'Abd al-Qahir b. 'Abd 
al-Rahman, known as al-Jurjanl (d. a.h. 471 or 472, 
ad. 1078 or 1079). 

2. (Sharh al-Mi'at 'Amil) J-*\s. <bjU! _ ^ (pp. 1-65), 

a commentary upon Al-Jurjani's grammar, without author's 
name. 

3. (Al-Misbah) ^X^a^ (pp. 1-79), a commentary upon Al- 

Jurjanl's grammar by Abu al-Fath Nasir b. Abd 
al-Sayyid al-MutarrizzI (d. a.h. 610, a.d. 1213), see 
B.M.A. Cat. Supplt., 930 (ii). 

Vol. II contains: (Hidayat al-Nahw) ys&}\ ^}jJb (pp. 1-171), 
a short treatise on grammar, founded upon the (Kafiyah) <uiK of 
Jamal al-Dln Abu. 'Amr 'Usman b. 'Umar Ibn al-Hajib (d. a.h. 646, 
a.d. 1248) by an unknown author. Cf. Stewart's Cat. and 
B M. Cat., 643. 

As promised in the advertisement, there were two more vols, to be 
added to this series, to contain the <Usl£ with a biographical sketch 
of the celebrated authors of the <L>& and the — u*a.« . 

Begins : 

£\ - JJUJl fUl gti\ . . . Jx js^\ d J^yJJ 



XI. RHETORIC. 
41. 

Al-Mukhtasar fi 'Ilm al-Ma'ani. 



Fols. 152; 10^ in. by 6 in. ; 19 lines, each 3£ in. long; neat 
Nasta'liq ; copious notes written in minute Nasta'llq on the margins 
in zigzag fashion ; gold-lined round the pages ; plain gilt-lined 



AEABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 



33 



leather binding ; bears an l arz-didah and several seals of the owners ; 
copied, in a.h. 1109 (a.d. 1600), by Muhammad 'Abd al-Qadir b. 
al-Makhdum. 

A treatise on rhetoric by the celebrated Mulla Sa'd al-Dln Mas'ud 
b. 'TJmar, commonly known as " Al-Taftazani " (d. a.h. 791 or 792, 
a.d. 1388 or 1389). 

The work is divided into three farms (parts) : — 



II. 
III. 



Begins 





^yUJ\ As. . . 


folio 11a. 


(1) 


^^J\ 6\i-1\ J \^\ . . 


„ 135. 


(2) 


*J\ M^\ J^l . . 


. . ,, 20a. 


(3) 


lAiwu**)! (J '*£»-' 


,, 40a. 


(4) Jxi!\ C^liiix^. J\^ . . 


„ 52a. 


(5) 


^afiJl . . 


,, 57a. 


(6) 


*\&1\ . - 


„ 635. 


(7) 


J-*j!\j J*ai!l . . 


,, 71a. 


(8) 


L^\^i\ 3 ;W^ . . 


,, 83a. 




uWV £ • • 


,, 90a. 




j-JtXjl jXs: 


,, 123a. 


(1) 


iLfll . . 


. . „ 1275. 


(2) 


'Wxifl, *\MSi\ ,,,^ . . 


,, 151a. 



,LJ\ 



i 






W.b 



i-W> 



T~2> ,.f'»W 



A^sT 



^^iiSI <0J! ^ ^^Ju)! j> r *n JyLi 

Other works of the author have been described in almost all the 
principal collections. 



42. 



£jjj! C^J 1 



31 



Anwar al-Rabi' fi Anwa' al-Badi'. 

Pols. 423; 9 in. by 5£in. ; 24 lines, each 3 J in. long; neatly 
written in small Naskh ; bound in gilt-stamped leather ; slightly 
soiled ; copied at the desire of Khafi Khan, the "Wazir, in the 45th 

3 



34 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

year of the reign of Aurangzib, a.h. 1113 (a.d. 1701), at Mustaqarr 
al-Khilafah Akbarabad (Agra) by Muhammad Ishaq Kashl. 

This is a commentary upon the Badi'iyyah of 'AH Sadr al-Din 
al-Madani b. Ahmad Nizam al-Din al-Husaini al-Hasani (see Sulafat 
al-'Asr, No. 48) by the author himself, who wrote it in India in 
a.h. 1077 (a.d. 1666). 

The last ten folios are devoted to the description of the nine other 
Badi'iyyahs and their authors ; an index to this has been given at the 
beginning in the hand of Muhammad, known as Al-Sa'Id, in a.h. 1130 
(a.d. 1717). 

Begins : 

For other copies see B.M. A. Cat. Supplt., 990 ; Khed. Lib., iv, p. 209 ; 
Leyden Cat., 340 ; Brockelmann, ii, p. 421 ; etc. 

XII. POETRY. 
43. 

Qasldat Di'bal Khuza'I. 

Pols. 6 ; llf in. by 61 in. ; 16 lines in double columns, each 3^- in. 
long ; fair Naskh ; paper covers ; injured ; not dated ; probably 
copied in the eleventh century of the Hijrah. 

This qasidah, which consists of 133 lines in praise of the descendants 
of the Prophet, was copied from the history of Al-Tabarl. It is stated 
that Abu al-Salt al-HarawT was the person, probably the author of 
the qasidah, who had dictated it to Al-Tabari (see Xo. 19). 

The qasidah begins : 

44. 

Sharh Lamiyat al-'Ajam. 

Pols. 370; 9fin. by 6^ in. ; 25 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
good Naskh in small hand ; illuminated frontispiece ; coloured lines 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 35 

round the pages ; slightly injured by insects ; plain leather binding; 
bears an 'arz-dldah ; dated a.h. 979 (a.d. 1571). 

This is an elaborate commentary by Salah al-Dln KhalTl b. Aibak 
al-Safadi upon the Lamiyat al-'Ajam of the celebrated poet Abu 
Isma'il al-Husain b. 'All b. Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Samad al-Isfahani 
al-MadanT, commonly known as "Al-Tughra'i " (d. a.h. 515, a.d. 1121). 
The verses of the Lamiyat are written in red ink. 

The commentary begins : 

For other copies see B.M.A. Cat., p. 286a ; Supplt., 1054-1055; 
Escurial, 322-323 ; Rosen, 289 ; Khed. Lib., iv, p. 288 ; etc. The 
work has been printed in two volumes, Cairo, a.h. 1290 (a.d. 1873), 
and again, a.h. 1305 (a.d. 1887). 



45. 



(4^_jl jA <os) 



Qasldat al-Burdah Mutarjamah. 

Fols. 28; 7 1 in. by 5 in. ; 12 lines, each 2 in. long; fair Naskh ; 
stamped leather binding ; dated a.h. 972 (a.d. 1564). 

This qasidak, written in praise of the Prophet Muhammad after 
the battle fought at Badr, consists of 176 couplets. The Persian 
translation under each line, inscribed in red ink, is also in verse and 
rhymes with the Arabic verse. The author of the Arabic original was 
Muhammad b. Sa'id al Buslri (d. a.h. 694, 696, or 697, a.d. 1294, 
1296, or 1297). 

The qasldah begins : 

The anonymous metric Persian translation, which was written in 
a.h. 887 (a.d. 1482), begins: 

Cf. Brockelmann, i, p. 247 ; etc. 



36 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

46. 

Dlwan al-Mutanabbi. 



\yr\ vJCt^A \rmAc 



Fols. 402 ; 9| in. by 6^- in. ; medium Naskh ; printed at Calcutta, 
a.h. 1261 (a.d. 1843). 

A complete collection of the poems in alphabetical order of the 
celebrated Abu al-Tayyib Ahmad b. Husain al-Mutanabbi (d. a.h. 354, 
a.d. 965). 

The first qasldah begins : 

For MSS. see B.M.A. Cat., p. 2785, and Supplt., 1038-1039 ; Loth 
(I.O. Cat.), 807; etc. For Dieterici's edition with Al-Wahidi's 
commentary see Supplement. 

47. 

^y^\ rf^\ <—>lfi cAjP 

Diwan Shihab al-DIn al-Musa. 

Fols. 132; 7^ in. by 5 in. ; 17 lines, in double columns; headings 
in red; goodKaskh; dated a.h. 1139 (a.d. 1726); copyist, Ibn 'Abd 
al- Wahid Muhammad. 

The introduction to the Diwan is by the author's son, Ma'tuq, who 
collected and arranged it, and gives the date of his father's death, 
a.h. 1087 (a.d. 1676), aged 62; the Diwan is complete in detail, and 
is divided into three parts : — 

1st ..... f*A&*\\ 

2nd \J^ 

3rd ..... tejSCs* <Ji»j\ 

The introduction begins : 

The Dlwan begins : 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 37 

48. 

-axil (jjU-c-i ^-jIs-" 1 o -awl <Lii-j 

Sulafat al-'Asr fl Mahasin A'yan al-'Asr. 

Eols. 279; lO^in. by 5-f-in. ; 29 lines, in double columns; good 
Naskh ; bound in strong leather; dated a.h. 1082 (a.d. 1671). 

A collection of verses. The author is 'All Sadr al-Dln al-Madanl 
b. Ahmad Nizam al-Dln al-Husainl al-Hasahi, who accompanied his 
father to Haidarabad. He was imprisoned by Sultan Abu. al-Hasan, 
but was favoured by the Emperor 'Alamgir. He died at Shlraz, 
a.h. 1117 (a.d. 1705). His first qasldah is dedicated to 'Abd-allah 
Muhammad Qutb-Shah. 

The work is divided into five sections, one of which is devoted to 
the poets who flourished in the eleventh century a.h. in each of the 
following sets of countries : 

i. Mecca and Medina, 
ii. Syria and Egypt, 
iii. Yemen. 

iv. Persia, Babylonia, and Asia Minor. 
v. Morocco, etc. 
Begins : 

See Brockelmann, ii, p. 421 ; Ahlwardt (Berlin Cat.), 7418; etc. 

XIII. ELEGANT PROSE. 
49. 

Maqamat al-Badl'L 

Fols. 76; 8f in. by 5f in. ; 11 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq ; injured by insects close to binding ; bound in plain 
leather ; not dated, probably copied in the eleventh century a.h. 

A collection of forty maqdmahs (discourses) and three additional 
novelettes, compiled by Badi' al-Zaman b. al-Husain, better known 



38 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

as Al-Hamadani, a disciple of the celebrated scholar Abu al-Hasan 
b. Paris al-Zanjani. From his native place the author travelled to 
Gurgan in a.h. 380 (a.d. 990), thence to Nishapur, and finally settled 
in Ghazni. He was one of the earliest to attempt to write pleasantries, 
to which the 'Abbaside Khallfahs and nobles had begun to take 
a liking. He died at Herat in a.h. 398 (a.d. 1007), when he was 
only 40 years of age. 

In the present work, an imaginary person under the name of 
'Isa b. Hisham has been made a witness of all the adventures narrated 
in the maqamahs. 

Begins : 

Cf. Brockelmann, i, pp. 93 (3)-95. The work has been published 
with a commentary at Beirut in a.h. 1315 (a.d. 11 



50. 

Maqamat al-Harirl. 

Fols. 125 ; 12£ in. by 8 in. ; 17 lines, each 5 in. long; written in 
splendid Naskh, with headings in red ink, on thin paper ; numerous 
notes in small and clear Nasta'liq ; slightly soiled and patched ; 
plain leather binding ; not dated ; bears an 'arz-clldah, and a seal 
of Fakhr al-DIn Ahmad Khan, a.h. 1188 (a.d. 1774). 

These are the ever popular stories of Abu Muhammad al-Qasim 
b. 'All al-Hariri (d. a.h. 516, a.d. 1122), who was the most famous 
prose-writer of his time. The work is divided into 50 maqamahs 
(discourses), and towards the end are the two treatises : Al-Risalah 
al-SIniyyah (fol. 123 V) and Al-Eisalah al-Shiniyyah (fol. 124). As 
the names of these Risalahs suggest, every word in the former, 
which was composed in a.h. 497 (a.d. 1103), contains the letter (j* («), 
while the letter ,Ji (sh) is contained in every word of the latter. 

Begins : 



^ 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 39 

For other copies see Khed. Lib., iv, p. 329; Leyden Cat., 425; 
B.M.A. Cat. Supplt., 1006-1011 ; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 818-822; Browne 
(Camb. Cat.), 1088-1090; etc. The oldest MSS. in Europe are the 
Escurial copy, dated a.h. 582 (a.d. 1186), and Strassburg, 5, dated 
a.h. 584 (a.d. 1188). For editions and glossary see Supplement. 

51. 

Maqamat al-Harlri. 

Fols. 274 ; 12 in. by 8fin. ; Naskh_; printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1225 
(a.d. 1809). 

This is vol. i of the same work as above, comprising the first 
thirty maqdmahs, collated with eight Arabian manuscript copies and 
corrected for the press by Maulawis Allah-dad and Jan 'All. 

52. 

Sharh Maqamat al-Hariri. 

Fols. 71; 10 in. by 6^m-5 17 lines, each 3fin. long; Nasta'liq ; 
plain leather binding ; not dated ; transcribed at Lucknow. 

An anonymous commentary upon the Maqamat of Al-Harlri, see 
above. 
Begins : 

i^JjJi] \\ ^jl^l <l\^j ^U ^J'Ltfj *.-.**!\ a.LiJ j^U aJJ^^sM 

5S. 

Al-Mustatraf min Kulli fannin Mustazraf. 

Fols. 248 ; 14 in. by 9£ in. ; 27 lines, each 7 in. long ; first portion 
is written in neater and smaller, the latter half in larger and more 



e 



40 BAJLLIE COLLECTION. 

distinct Naskh, with, headings in red ink ; bound in plain leather ; 
stained by damp; dated Bisrah, a.h. 1093 (a.d. 1681); copyist, 
'Abd-allah b. Ja'far al-Jaza'irl. 

The famous anthology in prose and verse of Muhammad al-Khatib 
al-Abshihi (about a.h. 800, a.d. 1397). It is stated that material 
for this work was mostly taken from the Rabi' al-Abrar, by Al- 
Zamakhshari (d. a.h. 538, a.d. 1143), and the Al-Iqd al-Farid, by 
Shihab al-Din Ahmad, commonly known as Ibn 'Abd Kabboh al- 
Andalusi. The latter work has been ascribed by Hajl K half ah 
(iv, 232) to Al-"Wazir Abu Salim Muhammad b. Talhah Qurashl 
(d. a.h. 652, a.d. 1254), while Casiri (i, 215) calls him Shams al-Dln 
Abu 'Abd-allah Muhammad b. Talhah Misri Shafi'I. 

The present work is divided into eighty-four bubs (chapters), see 
index at the beginning. 

Begins : 

}\ — u--ks)l J^sr* dujj Sj'saaIi &*=>~\Ji\ CJjiks. jJii JlS 

The work has been described by Mcoll (Bodl. Cat.), ii, p. 97 sq. ; 
by Hummer, Handschriften, 76 ; and by Ahlwardt (Berlin Cat.), 
1143. For other copies see B.M.A. Cat., pp. 335«, 654«, 754b, and 
Supplt., 1114-1115; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 830-832; Khed. Lib., iv, 
p. 323 ; Pertsch (Gotha Cat), 2142 ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, 374 ; 
etc. Printed at Bulaq, a.h. 1268 (a.d. 1851). 



54. 

Al-Kashkul. 

Fols. 529; 10 in. by 7-f in. ; 20 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
clear Naskh on paper of various colours, but of the same quality 
throughout ; bound in stamped leather ; not dated ; a note on page 1 
shows that it changed hands in a.h. 1199 (a.d. 1784). 

The well-known Kashkul, a collection of a variety of poetry and 
elegant prose, by Shaikh Baha, al-Din Muhammad 'Amili b. Shaikh 
Husain, who flourished during the reign of Shah 'Abbas the Great, 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 41 

and died at Ispahan a.h. 1030 or 1031 (a.d. 1621 or 1622). His 
poetical name was Baha'I. He was the author of several works. 
(For his Masnawi, Nan-u Halwa, see the Persian part.) 

The present MS. is divided into 5 parts, which are all complete. 
I. Folio 1, begins : 

II. Folio 1103. 

III. „ 1965. 

IV. ,, 3393. 

V. ,, 4335, and concludes : 

For Baha I and his works see Elliot, Hist, of India ; Beale, Orient. 
Biog. Diet., pp. 64-65; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 409; Loth 
(I.O. Cat.), 834 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1517 and 2251. 

55. 

Nafhat al-Yaman. 

Pp. 603; 121 in. by 9 in. ; Naskh; printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1226 
(a.d. 1811). 

An Arabic miscellany of compositions in prose and verse, selected 
or original, by Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Ansari al-Yamani al- 
Shirwani, who compiled it in Calcutta at the desire of Matthew M. 
Lumsden, and died there, a.h. 1227 (a.d. 1812). 

Begins : 

56. 

Al-'Ajab al-'TJjab Flma Yufid al-Kuttab. 

Pp. 401 ; 9iin. by 61 in. ; Naskh; printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1229 
(a.d. 1813). 



42 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

A complete introduction to the art of letter-writing, being a 
collection of letters upon various subjects, compiled by the same 
Shaikh Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'All b. Ibrahim al-Ansarl al- 
Yamanl al-Shirwanl, the author of the work described above. 

Begins : 



XIV. TALES. 
57. 

Majnun Laila al-'Amiriyyah. 

Pols. 50; 9^-in. by 5f in. ; 15 lines, each 3| in. long; clear 
Nasta'liq ; the verses have vowels added ; bound in plain leather ; 
slightly damaged by insects ; not dated. 

A love story. The hero is the celebrated Qais b. Mu'ad, better 
known as Ibn al-Mulawwah and Laila al-'Amiriyyah the heroine. 
Majnun was the name given to Qais after he had fallen in love 
with Laila. He lived in the time of the Khalifah Hisham of the 
Umayyah dynasty about the year a.h. 103 (a.d. 721). 

The story is in prose, probably written by Hablb b. Eabboh; the 
numerous verses with which the composition is interspersed are 
attributed to the Majnun himself. (Cf. Brockelmann, i, p. 48.) 

Begins : 

lf\ — *>-i\j L_0„V?1^ *£\j l£.\j (S-S-\) <V^V (Xz\ <lLW j£<J 

For the Persian version of the above story see " Laila-u Majnun," 
described in the Persian part. 

58-59. 

Alf Lailah-u Lailah. 

Pp. 888 ; 91 in. by 6 in. ; Naskh ; printed at Calcutta, 
a.h. 1229-1233 (a.d. 1814-1818); two vols. 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 43 

The "Arabian Eights " in the original Arabic; the two volumes 
contain the stories of 200 nights. The work has been edited by 
Shaikh Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Shirwani al-Yamani (see Nos. 55-56). 

Begins : 

£\ _ jUllj j\J\ jiu. j\ } J\ lSU\ *ild^sJl 

XV. DICTIONARY. 
60. 

Fiqh al- Lug-hat. 
Fols. 69; 10 in. by 7iin. ; 21 lines, each 4J in. ; written in 
Nasta'liq ; no date ; bears signature of C. Gladwin in English. 

This is an Arabic glossary arranged according to subjects, by Abu 
Mansur 'Abd al-Malikb. Muhammad b. Isma'llal-Sa'alabi (d. a.h. 429, 
a.d. 1037). In the preface there is a long eulogy of the governor, 
Abu al-Fadl 'Ubaid-allah b. Ahmad al-Miqali, at whose request the 
author composed this work. The book is divided into 30 bubs (parts). 

Begins : 
*Lji <u'« A_».Lr <LlJ' l*a I A/»-sr* <U»-»j. t_^r»-l <lLji v ,2- \ ..* 

k-^\ ^j^\ ^^.\ ^ t_^*n ±^.\ ^jj^\ ^)\ i^^\ ^..^ 

See B.M.A. Cat., p. 755, and Supplt., 853 ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), 
i, p. 210. Also see Camb. Cat., 8, p. 38, where a second part of this 
work is described, called duj-xJVjl-j, and all the known MSS. of 
d_?Ul!l <ui are enumerated. It has been published at Paris, a.d. 1861 ; 
Beirut, a.h. 1272 (a.d. 1855); Cairo, a.h. 1284 (a.d. 1867). 

61. 

Taju al-Masadir wa Taju al-Asaml. 

Fols. 335; 9^in. by 8-J-in. ; 21 lines, each 6i in. long; the first 
page is written in good, but the rest in ordinary, Nasta'liq ; margins 



44 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

and binding damaged by insects; dated a.h. 842 (a.d. 1438) ; copyist, 
Da'ud b. 'AH b. Jamal. 

A dictionary of Arabic nouns and infinitives, including their 
derivations and equivalents in Persian by Abu Ja'far Ahmad b. 'All 
Muqrl Baihaqi (nicknamed Ja'farak), d. a.h. 544 (a.d. 1159). 

It is stated by the author that this work refers in the first place to 
the Quran, next to the traditions, and finally to ancient poetry. 

Begins : 

+JJ\ ^Jb —j*aJ1 •U-SIj ._JL.j^ t-j*s< *j*^\ JJxksIi 
Jl _ •UaJI *s>-jd\ ^j3 **sz* Jj^ ^ aLJ\j sU\j *UjcJ|j 

See Haj. Khal., ii, 93; Bodl. Cat., i, 234; ii, 608; Stewart's 
Descriptive Cat., 134; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 994-996; Bodl. Persian Cat., 
1635 ; etc. 

62. 

Hayat al-Haiawan. 

Pols. 357 ; 11-J- in. by 6f in. ; 33 lines, each 4J in. long ; written in 
small clear INaskh ; headings in red ink ; gilt-stamped binding ; much 
damaged ; dated a.h. 805 (a.d. 1402). 

A famous zoological dictionary, but it is something more. The 
work contains chapters on the history of the Arab rulers, on religion 
and law, annotations on the Quran, and dissertations on science, poetry, 
diction, etc. The author was Kamal al-Din Muhammad b. Musa 
b. 'Isa b. 'All al-Damiri (d. a.h. 808, a.d. 1406), who compiled it in 
a.h. 773 (a.d. 1371). 

At the beginning a bibliography of 560 books in prose and 197 in 
verse has been added, which indicates the sources from which the 
author gathered material for his work. 

The dictionary begins with the lion and ends with the bee. 

Begins: 'J\ _ ^LJ^ cy ■ J^-i ^/jJI <lD 4 x*.sm 

See Haj. Khal., 4663; B.M.A. Cat., i, pp. 215-216, 460, 635, 
and 691; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 1003-1004; Pliigel (Vienna Cat.), ii, 
p. 250 sq. 



AEABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 45 

63. 

Qamus al-Muhlt. 

Fols. 741; 12fin. by 6fin. ; 27 lines, each 4| in. long; clear 
!Naskh; illuminated frontispiece; gold and coloured lines round the 
pages, bound in gilt-stamped leather ; bears several seals of the 
owners ; transcribed in Mecca, a.h. 1030 (a.d. 1620). 

The MS. is in good preservation and complete. A very famous 
dictionary of tbe Arabic language, by Shaikh al-Islam Majd al-Bin 
Abu Tahir Muhammad b. Ya'qub al - Flruzabadi (d. a.h. 817, 
a.d. 1414), who extracted material for it chiefly from his earlier 
work entitled as Al-'TJbab wa-al-Muhkam, which was in 65 vols. 

Begins: 'J\ - *UL)1 J^^ <dJ.X*^ 

See B.M.A. Cat., i, pp. 229, 468, 640, 692 ; ii, pp. 588-590 ; Loth 

(I.O. Cat.), 1005-1014; etc. It has been printed in two volumes, 

Calcutta, a.h. 1233 (a.d. 1817). 

64. 

Qamus al-Muhit. 

Fols. 658 ; 13f in. by 7-f- in. ; 29 lines, each 4| in. long ; written in 
good Naskh, with headings in red ; bound in gilt- stamped leather ; 
bears several 'arz-dldahs, the oldest is dated a.h. 1091 (a.d. 1680). 

Another good copy of the preceding work ; unfortunately it has 
a few folios missing at the end. It begins like above. 



XVI. CONTROVERSY. 
65. 

Risalat Ba-Saifain. 

Fols. 141; Si in. by 5|- in. ; 15 lines, each 4 in. long; good 
Nasta'llq ; paper covers ; dated a.h. 1229 (a.d. 1813). 



46 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

A treatise on religious controversy between Christians and Muslims, 
by Jawwad Sabat Ba-Saifain, who dedicated it to the Wazlr As'ad 
Pasha, son of Sulaiman Pasha, Governor of Baghdad. 

An index to the work is given at the beginning. At the end there 
is a qasldah consisting of 88 lines, composed in extolling the virtues 
of Abi 'Abd al-Razzaq 'Abd al-Qadir and the praises of the beauties 
of Baghdad. 



Begins 



•J\ -jj«£\ \J3\jn* tf*"^ ij* u;^^ uSy^) 



XVII. PRATERS. 
66. 

Asma' Allah al-Husna. 

Fols. 4 ; 6f in. by 4^ in. ; 6 lines in three columns, each 2 in. long ; 
not dated. 

These are the 99 names of God in Arabic, written in bold Naskh, 
with their meaning in Persian in Nasta'llq, in red ink. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 47 



B. PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

I. THEOLOGY. 
67. 

Injll-i Muqaddas. 

Fols. 108 ; 12^ in. by 8 in. ; 17 lines, each 4f in. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'liq on thick paper with headings in red ink; bears 
signature of the Hon. A. Seton ; probably copied in the twelfth 
century a.h. 

The Persian version of the New Testament. 
Begins : 

jls«*1 jJj (~^jl\ ( r ) fr^^ (^ <$& rf\ ^^\ c^**J SL* c_jU£ 

£ - *>> 
Other translations are described elsewhere, and for editions see 
Supplement. 

68. 

A'Ina-i Haqnuma'. 

Fols. 127 ; llf in. by 9 in. ; 29 lines, each 6 J in. long; written in 
Nasta'llq-shikastah-amlz ; bound in plain leather ; copyist, Jagan- 
Nath; bears signature of J. W. Urquhart. 

A work on the doctrines and ethics of the Christian religion, 
differences between its tenets and those of Islam, containing evidences 
to prove its superiority over other religions. It was written and 
completed in a.h. 1018 (a.d. 1609) and dedicated to the Emperor 
Jahangir, by Geronimo, or, as some write it, Hieronymo Xavier, 
a native of Navarre, and a Jesuit, who came from Goa, where he was 



48 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

attached to the Catholic mission from a.d. 1571 till his death at the 
same place in a.d. 1617. He was the author of several other works, 
e.g., a Life of Christ, a translation into Persian of the Psalms, 
a history of St. Peter, a Guide to Kings, Lives of the Apostles, etc. 

On the flyleaf is found the following note in English : — 

" The Gospel of Geronimo Xavier : — 

" The Mogul Emperor Akbar, who was fixed to no religion, wrote 
to the King of Portugal in 1852 (?) asking him for a translation of 
the Scriptures into Arabic or Persian, and at the same time one who 
was capable of explaining to him the Christian religion. One 
Geronimo Xavier, a Jesuit, and relation of the famous St. Francis 
Xavier, was appointed for this purpose, having learned, as he says, 
the Persian language in eight years, composed this book, and presented 
it to the Great Mogul in April, 1862 (?)." 

Probably this account is more appropriate to the Life of Christ, 
which the author had written and dedicated to Akbar in the 47th year 
of his reign, a.h. 1011 (a.d. 1602) ; even then the dates could never 
be reconciled. 

The present work, which is in the form of a dialogue between the 
author as exponent of the Christian dogmas and a Hakim (philosopher) 
or Mulla (Muhammadan priest), consists of five bdbs or chapters with 
numerous subdivisions (see index on fols. 4b-5a) : 

Bab I. \&£- ^JJ ^L^oT ~^-^ uW j J 

in &Yefasls (sections): fols. 5a, 85, 11a, 14b, and 18b. 

Bab II. ^jj^T ls^^^J^ ii>V..} dUU * £ tji^ ^f^j^ 

in eight fash : fols. 20b, 24a, 29b, 34b, 38a, 41b, 45a, and48«. 

Bab III. U c_^^L> ^**£ ts-*Jbj)t jA 

in nine fash: fols. 51a, 54a, 57b, 60b, 65a, and 68b (the 
rubrics from fifth, seventh, and eighth fash are absent). 

Bab IV. ^Jj&asPj ^Jj^^ ^J f\i^\ eu.Ui' jO 

in eight fash : fols. 73a, 763, 81b, 84b, 88a, 93a, 96a, 
and 995. 

Bab V. ^jL) J^£j JjJ ^ i_^-L.c2-i. ^Jj y^s. ^JJ CU^aJIj' ^l-Jjti 
in eight fash: fols. 1025, 107a, 110a, 112b, 1135, 1165, 
120«, and 123#. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 49 



$ 



The preface begins : 

j\jJ\ J>jy*\ ^-^ ^yu+S. ^lS *_sT \ sAi ^j-+ J*}'j$> \J> J^> <& 

>\ _ tiyit ^t ^Lj ( S;L* J-SC^ \J*h>- 

Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 4 ; etc. A reply to the work was 
written a little after in a.h. 1031 (a.d. 1622) by Ahmad b. Zain 
al-'Abidln al-'Alawi. 



69. 

Dabistan-i Mazahib. 

Pols. 239; 10|-in. by 7f in. ; 15 lines, each 4|-in. long; written 
in Nasta'llq-shikastah ; headings in red ; illuminated frontispiece ; 
bound in gilt-stamped leather; copied by Dana-Ram, a.h. 1215 
(a.d. 1800). 

An exposition of the religious creeds and philosophical systems of 
the East. The author's name does not appear, but the work is 
probably due to Mubad-Shah, who completed it shortly after a.h. 1063 
(a.d. 1653). 

Comprising fifteen sections with numerous subsections, it gives 
a fair insight into the beliefs of the Parsls, Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, 
Christians, Muslims, Muwahhids (unitarians), Philosophers, Sufis 
(theosophists), and several others. 

Begins : 

Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 141 sq. ; Bodl. Cat., 791 ; Pertsch 
(Berlin Cat.), pp. 271-272; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2542-2547; Aumer 
(Munich Cat.), p. 126 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), 120-122 ; etc. It has 
been completely translated into English for the Oriental Translation 
Eund by D. Shea and A. Troyar, Paris, a.d. 1843. The work has also 
been published at Calcutta, a.h. 1224 (a.d. 1809) ; Teheran, a.h. 1260 
(a.d. 1844) ; Bombay, a.h. 1264-1277 and 1279 (a.d. 1847-1860 
and 1862). 

4 



50 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

70. 

'Alamat-i-Nujum al-Furqan. 

Pp. 313; lOfin. by 7iin. ; Nasta'liq ; printed at Calcutta, 
a.h. 1226 (a.d. 1811). 

This work on the sj .s^, or the correct reading and reciting of the 
Quran, was originally compiled in the 34th year of the reign of 
'Alamgir (a.h. 1093, a.d. 1682) by Ibn Muhammad Sa'id Mustafa. 

First there is (pp. 1-20) a description of the words of the various 
Surahs of the Quran, grouped in 30 sections, then the words follow 
arranged alphabetically. 

The introduction begins ; 



II. HISTOKY. 
(«) GENERAL HISTORY. 

71. 

Rauzat al-Safa'. 

Fols. 628 ; 16^ in. by 10| in. ; 35-6 lines, each 6f in. long ; written 
in fine Nasta'lTq-shikastah-amiz ; some parts are very neatly written ; 
headings in red ; the frontispieces to the seven parts are superbly 
illuminated with gold ; bound in thick leather, which is gilt-lined 
round the margins; dated a.h. 1057 (a.d. 1647); seven vols, bound 
in one. 

An excellent copy in good preservation of the famous work on 
general history by Mir Khwand, containing seven volumes : I, on 
fol. 13; II, fol. 1033; III, fol. 2336 ; IV, fol. 3103; V, fol. 4023; 
VI, fol. 4863 ; VTI, fol. 6073. 

For details of this work see another copy described elsewhere. ' Isf - ! 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 51 

72. 

Habib al-Siyar fi Akhbar Afrad al-Bashar. 

Fols. 325; 14f in. by 9£rn. ; 21 lines, each 6f in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'llq, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; probably 
copied about the beginning of the thirteenth century a.h. ; bears 
signature of C. Gladwin. 

This MS. comprises the first two ju^ or part of the third volume 
of the well - known general history, which was originally written, 
a.h. 927-930 (a.d. 1521-1524), by the same grandson of Mir Khwand 
(see No. 71), Ghiyas al-DIn, called Khwand-Anirr, who had completed 
the Rauzat al-Safa' (see above). The present work was undertaken 
by the author at the desire of his patron, Sayyid Ghiyas al-Din 
Muhammad b. Yusuf al-Husaini, who was a favourite on account of 
his learning with Sultan Husain and his successors, and was appointed 
first a teacher in the College at Herat, and subsequently rose to the 
judgeship of Herat and Khurasan under Shah Isma'il Safawi, but was 
mercilessly deprived of life in a.h. 927 (a.d. 1521) by the Governor, 
Amir Khan. 

The first /wz' of the present volume, fols. 1-193, contains history 
of the Khans of Turkestan, an account of Chingiz Khan and his 
descendants in Persia and Turkestan. 

The second ju%\ fols. 1935-end, comprises a history of the royal 
dynasties contemporary with Chingiz Khan and successors. 

The third volume begins : 

ijs *\\<2 ji <W»xj iX*s- ^£15 .J ^i (*j^* s t*^ U^i.^ <-£**-^ <— -0" 
Habib al-Siyar has been printed at Teheran, a.h. 1271 (a.d. 1854), 
and lithographed at Bombay, a.h. 1273 (a.d. 1856), see this edition 
described in the Supplement. . Cf, Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), pp. 42-50, 
where contents are fully described; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 98 sq. ; 
Bodl. Cat., 70-82; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 79-100; Fliigel (Yienna Cat.), 
ii, p. 70; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 75 sq. ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), 
pp. 114-115 ; Haj. Khal., iii, p. 4 ; Elliot, Bibliogr. Index, pp. 106— 
110 and 121-127, and Hist, of India, iv, pp. 154-158; Quatremere, 
Journal des Savants, a.d. Ii 




52 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

(*) HISTORY OF TIMUR. 

73. 

<C»u .ib 
Zafar-namah. 
Fols. 632 ; 9^ in. by 6 in. ; 15 lines, each 2f in. long ; written in 
excellent small Nasta'liq ; frontispiece illuminated with gold ; gold 
lines round the pages ; headings in gold and red ink ; bound in red 
velvet ; probably transcribed in the ninth century of the Hijrah ; new 
margins have been pasted ; bears an inscription at tbe end " That this 
copy was read for a few days by Sultan Muhammad Mirza Safawi." 

An authentic history of the great conqueror Timur (Tamerlane) 
from his birth, a.h. 736 (a.d. 1336), to his death, a.h. 807 (a.d. 1405), 
collected from official records, by Maulana Sharaf al-Dln 'All Yazdi 
(d. a.h. 858, a.d. 1454), who was attached to the court of Sultan 
Shahrukh Mirza, and subsequently of his son, Sultan Ibrahim Mirza, 
at whose desire the present work was compiled at Shiraz in four years 
and dedicated to Shahrukh in a.h. 828 (a.d. 1425). The Zafar.- 
namah, or, as it is often called, Timur-namah, is written in such 
a style that it is considered a very model of elegance in Persian prose 
composition. Sharaf al-Dln, besides other works, wrote the Sharh or 
commentary on the (Jasidah Burdah (see No. 45). He also wrote 
poetry and used as poetical name " Sharaf." 

Begins : 

•J\ _ Up!! iX*«jj W^ (^^" u5^ ^*il? ^° tj^S *^*i 
Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 173 sq. ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat), ii, 
p. 189; Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 94 sq. ; Bodl. Cat., 153-159; Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 173-191 and 2831-2832; Aumer (Munich Cat-), p. 86 
Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), p. 19 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), 143-144 
also see Haj. Khal., iv, p. 175; Stewart's descriptive Cat., p. 23 sq. 
Elliot, Hist, of India, iii, p. 478 ; etc. Gibbon has spoken highly of 
this work in the 65th chapter of his " Decline and Fall of the Roman 
Empire." An English version of the work is by D. Darby, London, 
a.d. 1723. It was completely translated into French by Petis de la 
Croix, "Histoire de Timur-Bec," Paris, a.d. 1722. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 53 

74. 

Zafar-namah. 

Fois. 483; lOfin. by 6^ in. ; 21 lines, each 3^ in. long; clear 
Nasta'llq ; headings in red ; illuminated frontispiece ; coloured lines 
round the pages ; bound in plain leather ; much injured by insects ; 
bears an 'arz-didah and several seals ; copied (in Tattah) in a.h. 1090 
(a.d. 1679). 

Another complete copy of the history of Tlrnur. It agrees with the 
copy described above. 

75. 

Timur-namah. 

Fols. 220; 12|m. by 10 in. ; 17 lines, each 5 in. long; written in 
fair N/asta'liq ; bound in plain leather ; slightly soiled by clamp ; bears 
seal of Naubat-Eai ; copied for Nawwab Majd al-Daulah, a.h. 1191 
(a.d. 1776). 

A Persian version of the autobiographical institutes, political and 
military, of Timur. It is to be noted that these memoirs are usually 
named ^.yt^J ^llsuiL* (Malfuzat-i Timuri), and were first translated 
and presented to the Emperor Shahjahan about a.h. 1047 (a.d. 1637) — 
see preface — by Abu Talib al-Husaini Khurasani, from a copy in Turk! 
in the library of the Pasha, of Yemen. 



<_£ <^A^- <_jlil«>- l_j\ <uj S ujLo^iUj <*._£ \, Jlrcus j_Jj jk^>- 



&\ — \j^J>\ jSus>Xe ^Ub ,_>Uu£ ji,!! 



Cf. for the memoirs generally, Elliot, Hist, of India, iii, p. 389 sq., 
and iv, p. 559 sq. ; Erskine, Memoirs of Babar, pp. 2-3 ; Morley 
(R.A.S. Cat), pp. 95-96; Bodl. Cat., 150-152; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 
196-203; etc. The institutes were translated into English by Major 
Davy, and published by J". White, Oxford, a.d. 1783, and the memoirs 
were translated by Major Stewart and published by the Oriental 



54 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

Translation Fund, London, a.d. 1830. The institutes were also 
rendered into French, with the Persian text by Langles, Paris, 
a.d. 1787. 



(c) HISTORY OF INDIA. 

76. 

Waqi'at-i Babari. 

Pols. 194; ll^in. by 7-Hn. ; 21 lines, each 4|-in. long; written 
in clear Nasta'llq ; bound in stamped leather ; copied by Hasan 'AH 
b. Path 'All Khan of Merv, in the province of Khurasan (Persia) ; 
dated a.h. 1215 (a.d. 1798). 

A complete copy of the Persian version of the Memoirs of the 
Emperor Babar, transcribed under the instructions of Sultan Muhammad 
Mirza, for the reading of Prince Mirza Muhammad Sulaimanshikuh. 

A few lines have been added at the beginning by way of preface, 
which begin : 



la\ _ ('IAj) *IAj „,/♦.•* c_£L*Jl (c '. 
For details of this work see an older copy described elsewhere. 



77. 

Tabaqat-i Akbar-Shahi. 

Fols. 752 ; 9f in. by b\ in. ; 19 lines, each 3|in. long; written in 
beautiful Nasta'llq, mostly on gold- sprinkled paper ; gilt and coloured 
lines round the pages ; headings in red ; slightly injured and repaired ; 
an old copy. 

A most celebrated general history of India from the time of the 
Muslim conquest (a.h. 367, a.d. 977) to the 38th year of 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 55 

Akbar's reign (a.h. 1002, a.d. 1593). The work, which is the 
earliest pertaining exclusively to India, is also known under the 
titles of Tabaqat-i Akbarl, Ta'rikh-i Nizami, and Ta'rikh-i Sultan-i 
Nizami. It was compiled by Nizam al-Dln Ahmad b. Muhammad 
Muqim al-Harawi (d. aged 45 years, a.h. 1003, a.d. 1594), whom 
Akbar had appointed Bakhshi of Gujarat in the 19th year of his 
reign, and subsequently in the 37th year Bakhshi of the whole 
empire. The author claimed descent from the celebrated saint 
Khwajah 'Abd-allah al-Ansari al-Harawi ; and his father, Khwajah 
Muqim, in the latter part of Babar's reign was raised to the Diwan- 
ship of the Emperor's household, and after Babar's death, when 
Gujarat was conquered by Humayun, and Mirza 'Askarl was entrusted 
with the government of the province of Ahmadabad, Muqim was 
appointed Wazlr to the Mirza. The Khwajah also held high military 
command under Akbar. 

In the preface the author quotes 29 standard authorities (see fol. 25) 
for his work. Most of the histories which followed have made 
copious extracts from the Tabaqat, which is divided into a muqaddimah 
(introduction), nine tabaqat (books), and a khdiimah (conclusion). 

Muqaddimah, on fol. 35 : History of the Ghaznavides, from Nasir 
al-Dln Sabuktagln, who was raised to the throne in a.h. 367 
(a.d. 977), to the death of Khusrau-Malik, Sultan of Lahore, in 
a.h. 583 (a.d. 1187). 

Tabaqah I, on fol. 175 : History of the Sultans of Dehli, from 
Mu'izz al-Dln Muhammad Sam Ghuri, known as Shihab al-Din, to 
Akbar, a.h. 574-1002 (a.d. 1178-1593). This book comprises notices 
of Qutb al-Dln Aibak, fol. 20a; Taj al-Din Yaldiiz, fol. 21 a; Nasir 
al-Dln Qubachah, fol. 22a ; Baha al-Dln Tughril, fol. 225 ; Malik 
Bakhtiyar al-Din KhiljT, prince of LakhnautT, and his three successors, 
fol. 225 ; Aram-Shah, son of Qutb al-Din, and his successors, fol. 265 ; 
Sultan Jalal al-Din Khilji and successors, fol. 685 ; Ghiyas al-Din 
Tu gh luq and successors, fol. 945 ; the Sayyids, from Khizr Khan, 
fol. 1305 ; the house of Afghan kings, from Bahlul LudT, fol. 145«, 
to the defeat at Panipat of Ibrahim by Babar in a.h. 932 (a.d. 1525) ; 
Babar, fol. 1735; Humayun, fol. 1875 ; Shir-Shah Sur and successors, 
to their final overthrow, fol. 21 5a; a concise history of the reign of 
Akbar, fol. 2345 ; the Amirs who nourished in Akbar's reign, 



56 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

fol. 3743 ; 'TJlama' and Euzala' (literary men), fol. 3825 ; Masha'ikh 
(holy persons), fol. 3&6a ; Hukama' (physicians), fol. 3885 ; Shu'ara' 
(poets), fol. 3895. 

Tabaqah II, on fol. 395 : History of the Sultans of the Deccan, 
a.h. 748-1002 (a.d. 1347-1593): the Bahamanls, fol. 4005; the 
Nizam al-Mulkis, fol. 433« ; the 'Adil Khanis, fol. 438«; the Qutb 
al-Mulkls, fol. 4395 (here a few rubrics are missing). 

Tabaqah III, fol. 440« : History of the kingdom of Gujarat, from 
a.h. 793 (a.d. 1390) to its annexation to the Moghul Empire, 
a.h. 980 (a.d. 1572). 

Tabaqah IY, fol. 519a : The kingdom of Bengal and Lakhnauti, from 
Sultan Fakhr al-Din, a.h. 741 (a.d. 1340) to a.h. 984 (a.d. 1576), 
when Da'ud Khan was slain by Khan-Khanan, commander of Akbar's 
forces, and his kingdom annexed. 

Tabaqah V, fol. 523a : History of the Sharqi Kings of Jaunpur, from 
Khwajah Jahan, a.h. 784 (a.d. 1382), to the defeat of Sultan Husain 
after a reign of 19 years by Sikandar b. Bahlul, Sultan of JJehll, 
a.h. 881 (a.d. 1476). 

Tabaqah VI, fol. 529 : History of the kingdom of Malwah, from 
a.h. 809 (a.d. 1406), comprising an account of its amalgamation with 
Gujarat in a.h. 937 (a.d. 1530), to the surrender of Baz-Bahadur 
b. Shuja' Khan, fol. 5955, to Akbar, a.h. 977 (a.d. 1569). 

Tabaqah VII, fol. 597« : The Sultans of Kashmir, from its conquest 
by Shah-Mir, who assumed the title of Shams al-Din, a.h. 747 
(a.d. 1346) to a.h. 995 (a.d. 1587), when Yusuf b. 'All-Shah sub- 
mitted to pay tribute to Akbar. 

Tabaqah VIII, fol. 6335 : The kingdom of Sind from a.h. 86 
(a.d. 705), the time of its conquest by the Arabs during the reign 
of Khalifah Walid b. 'Abd al-Malik, to a.h. 1001 (a.d. 1592), when 
Mirza, Jam Beg submitted to Akbar and his kingdom was annexed to 
the Moghul Empire. 

Tabaqah IX, fol. 641 a : History of the Sultans of Multan, from its 
first conquest by the Muslims under Muhammad Qasim during the 
governorship of the Arab, Hajjaj b. Yusuf, but more especially from 
the time of Shaikh Yusuf, a.h. 847 (a.d. 1443), to the annexation of 
the kingdom by the Moghuls in a.h. 932 (a.d. 1525). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 57 

Khatimah, on fol. 6515 : Short geographical sketch consisting of 
eleven lines and confined merely to the area of the empire under 
Akhar, and the number of its cities and villages ; it breaks off 
abruptly with the following words : — 

The preface begins : 



t Jl 



_ J 



Cf. Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 58 sq. ; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), p. 220 sq.; 
Elliot, Bibl. Index, p. 178 sq., and Hist, of India, v, pp. 177-476 
(where a complete translation of Humayun's and Akbar's reigns is 
given); Bodl. Cat., 184-191 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 225-232; Aumer 
(Munich Cat.), p. 83 ; etc. Also see Blochmann's version of the 
A'in-i Akbari, i, pp. 420, 514. 



78. 

Akbar -namah. 

Fols. 694; 11 1 in. by 7i in. ; 23 lines, each 4f in. long; written in 
fair JMasta'liq by different hands ; bound in plain leather ; repaired at 
many places ; injured ; an old copy. 

The well-known history of the Emperor Akbar the Great, by his 
favourite Prime Minister and Secretary, Shaikh Abu al-Fazl " 'Allami " 
b. Shaikh Mubarak Eaguri. The author was in his time the most 
learned and elegant writer in the East. Abu al-Fazl was first brought 
to the notice of the Emperor in the 20th year of his reign, a.h. 982 
(a.d. 1574), by his equally celebrated elder brother FaizI (see No. 30). 
For nearly twenty- eight years Abu al-Fazl remained a favourite with 
Akbar and held his offices with great distinction. He was the author of 
several works : the A'in-i Akbari, the Maktubat, the 'Iyar-i Danish, 
etc. He was also a Sanskrit scholar, and under his supervision several 
translations were made : the Mahabharata, the Ramayana, the Jog 
Bashisht, etc. (All these works except the last but one are described 



58 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

in this catalogue.) Abu al-Fazl, when he was returning from the 
Deccan, whither he had been sent as Commander-in-Chief of the 
Imperial Troops for five years, was assassinated, though he defended 
himself with great valour up to the last, by Kajah Narsingh-Deo 
Bundela, as is alleged at the instigation of Prince Salim (afterwards 
Jahangir), near Gwalior, a.h. 1011 (a.d. 1602). 

The Akbar-namah comprises a history of Akbar from his birth to 
the beginning of the 47th year of his reign, to which is appended 
an account of his ancestors. It was continued down to within 
a year of the author's death, and the whole work was from time 
to time modified with a view to secure complete accuracy by Akbar 
himself. 

In other catalogues of MSS. this work has been conveniently 
divided into three different volumes, of which the A'in-i Akbarl forms 
the last, but the present copy is one uniform whole, and does not 
contain the last work. 

Begins : 

4i , j..Cl c^wiri- L^_-ij (_ ij\ \J^**»\ Jii UjJ ks- ^\ ,J}\ 4.1 -J I 

Large extracts with an account of the work are given in Elliot, 
Hist, of India, iv, pp. 1-102. See also Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), 
p. 108 sq. ; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 247 sq. ; Bodl. Cat., 200-212 ; 
Aumer (Munich Cat.), pp. 89-90 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 235-263 ; 
Be Sacy, Notices et Extraits, x, p. 199 sq. ; Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), 
p. 20; Browne (Camb. Cat.), pp. 162-166; etc. The work was 
lithographed at Lucknow, a.h. 1284 (a.d. 1867), and has been 
published in three volumes in the Bibliotheca Indica, Calcutta Series 
(see Supplement). 



79. 

Dastur al-'Amal-i- Akbarl. 

Fols. 106; 9-^ in. by 6 in. ; written in Nasta'liq-shikastah-amTz ; 
bound in plain leather ; copied by Khiyiill-Itam in a.h. 1230 (a.d. 1814). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 59 

An account of the 22 subahs or provinces of the Indian Empire, 
their subdi visions and revenue in the time of the Moghul sovereignty, 
compiled by Thakur-La'l Munshi, son of Chhatarbhuj-Das of Burhan- 
piir. It is stated on fol. 1043 that the notices in regard to the 
subahs in the Deccan were taken and enlarged from the notes of 
Rai Braj Ishwar-Das. (Bieu in B.M.P. Cat., i, p. 4046, has Rai 
Braj b. Ishii-Das.) 

The book contains no preface. Tables of Arabic, Persian, and Hindi 
days, months, and years are appended at the beginning. In the case 
of the subahs of Hindustan only their subdivisions into sarkars, etc., 
are mentioned : — Shahjahanabad (Dehli), fol. 4b ; Akbarabad (Agra), 
fol. 6a ; Lahore, fol. lb ; Kabul, fol. 86 ; Kashmir, fol. 9b ; Multan, 
fol. 96; Tattah, fol. 106; Ahmadabad (Gujarat), fol. \la; Ajmere, 
fol. 12a; Malwah, fol. 13a; Orissa, fol. 14a; Bihar (Patna), fol. 14a; 
Bengal, fol. 15b; Oudh, fol. 16a; Allahabad, fol. 166. 

Of the provinces of the Deccan brief historical accounts from the 
origin of Muhammadan dynasties to the time of Muhammad-Shah 
are also given: — Khandes, fol. 18a; Berar, fol. 32a ; Aurangabad, 
fol. 50a; BIjapur, fol. 69a; Haidarabad, fol. 85a; Karnatic, fol. 976. 

This is followed by a chronology of the Moghul Emperors (fol. 108a) 
from Akbar to Muhammad-Shah. 

The MS. has been carelessly written, but the mistakes have been 
corrected in pencil. Fol. 1 should be included in Bengal. 

Cf. Bieu (loc. cit.). 



80. 

Iqbal-nama-i Jahangiri. 

Fols. 162; 9 in. by 3f in. ; 17 lines, each 4iin. long; written in 
Nasta'llq-shikastah-amiz ; bound in stamped leather; copied at Shah- 
jahanabad (Dehli), in the 16th year of the Emperor Shah-'Alam's 
reign, a.h. 1189 (a.d. 1775). 

A history of the life and reign of the Emperor Jahanglr. 
For details see another copy described in this Catalogue. 



60 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

81. 

'Amal-i Salih. 

Pols. 245 ; 8| in. by 4| in. ; 14 lines, each 2£ in. long ; written in 
clear JNasta'llq ; bound in stamped leather ; copyist, Muhammad 'All ; 
dated a.h. 1224 (a.d. 1809). 

A history of the Emperor Shahjahan's life and reign, and containing 
a short history of his predecessors, beginning with Timur. On the 
flyleaf the work is entitled " lkhtisar-i Shahjahan-namah," and in 
the colophon it is stated that the original copy was in the possession of 
Sultan Muhammad Safawi Bahadur Khan Irani, but contained neither 
the name of the author nor the usual Praise to the Almighty. At 
the request of an Englishman, who did not wish his name to be 
inserted, the present copy was transcribed with brief Praise added by 
the Sultan Muhammad Safawi himself. It is written in plain 
readable style, and begins : 

&-) ,**■?} &.A.J& ij"*'^) v_^-jIjJ ^aJuj JoO l_^l .... 4jUo 

The work apparently is an abridgement of Muhammad Salih's 
history of Shahjahan entitled " 'Amal-i Salih." The following short 
extract taken from the biographies of the literary men of the reign 
(fol. 219«, 1. 7) may serve to identify the work: 

c^«<j' ^jJa.« ,»j )a^s** (S^~ U^H* JT^* ^ i^$y*&il cj^ ^^ ^f}'* 

^J A*Jy jjlil a^-i Acj J-aJjJ a£ jjual! u-ilflS- ^^L>-jji jjuujj 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 61 

In the present copy only a few rubrics are present, and in most part 
the work is written without spacing or punctuation. 

The author, Muhammad Salih, has been mentioned in the work, 
Bahar-i Danish (described elsewhere), of his elder brother, Shaikh 
'Inayat-allah KanbQ. He completed this work a.h. 1070 (a.d. 1659-60). 

Cf. Morley (R.A.8. Cat.), p. 124; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat), i, p. 263; 
Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), p. 21 ; Elliot, Hist, of India, vii, 
p. 123 sq. ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 332-336; etc. 

82. 

lib! iJujs- 7-^*3 
Waqa'i' Haidarabad. 

Fols. 55; 9 in. by 5fin. ; 15 lines, each 2fin. long; written in 
good Kasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; slightly 
injured by insects. 

A diary of the siege and conquest of Golkundah, near Haidarabad, 
by the Emperor 'Alamgir in a.h. 1107 (a.d. 1695). It was compiled 
by Mirza Nur al-Din Muhammad, who was descended from a Persian 
family of physicians in Dehli. He was Comptroller of the Royal 
Kitchen, and received the title of Ni'mat Khan from the same 
Emperor 'Alamgir, and near the end of the reign, on account of his 
constant attendance upon that monarch, he received the title of 
Muqarrab Khan. Bahadur-Shah also conferred upon him the title of 
Danishmand Khan. M'mat Khan wrote several works, both in prose 
and verse. As a poet he signed himself " 'All," and his compositions 
exhibit rare wit and satire. He died in a.h. 1121 (a.d. 1710). 

The present work, which is written in mixed prose and verse in the 
usual satirical style, is also popular under the titles of Waqai' Ni'mat 
Khan-i 'All and "Waqi'at-i Haidarabad. It is divided into six 
chapters, called waqai 1 or events of the 13th, 14th, 15th Rajab, 14th 
Sha'ban, and two more which do not bear dates (on fols. lb, la, 133, 
17a, 365, and 425), beginning: 



62 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

The work has been lithographed (together with an allegorical story 
in prose and verse called Husn-u 'Ishq of the same author) in India 
without name of place, a.h. 1248 (a.d. 1832), and Cawnpore, a.h. 1287 
(a.d. 1870), and printed with marginal notes by Maulawl Maqbul 
Ahmad at Lucknow, a.h. 1259 (a.d. 1843). 

For other copies cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 268; ii, pp. 745«, 
796a, and 8505; iii, p. 1049«; Bodl. Cat., 1157 (5), 1159 (1), and 
1160; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 492; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1659 (2), 
1660 (4), 1661 (1), 1662 (2), 1663-1668 ; etc. Also see Elliot, Hist. 
of India, vii, p. 200. 

83. 

Dastur al-'Amal-i-Sarrishtajat. 

Fols. 56; 10^ in. by 7-f-in. ; written in Nasta'llq-shikastah ; not 
dated. 

A collection of useful instructions and tables for the education of 
those who work in the revenue offices. It gives a fair insight into the 
sort of departmental work carried on during the times of the Moghul 
sovereignty. Copies of a few farmans and dispatches of the Premiers 
have also been added. The author is Udai-Chand of Salimabad 
(Bengal), who compiled it during the reign of the Emperor Aurangzib. 

Begins : 



* 



(d) HISTORY OF PERSIA. 

84. 

'Alamara-i 'Abbasi. 

Eols. 411 ; 8Jm. by 5f in. ; 13-14 lines, each 3 in. long ; written 
in Nasta'liq, which becomes shikastah-amlz in the last two-thirds ; 
headings in red ; probably copied in the twelfth century of the Hijrah. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 63 

A complete copy of the history of the life and reign of Shah-'Abbas 
the Great. For details of the work see another copy described 
elsewhere in this Catalogue. 

The MS. differs from others in a few minor details. It begins : 



^- 



U^wJl L-j <\&'** JuJ \^'^ >>\s>-% <Lj..»ri- . J 



85. 

J UN telis* 

Tuhfat al-'Alam. 

Fols. 206 ; 10 in. by 5f in. ; 22 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
small Nasta'Hq, with headings in red; dated a.h. 1222 (a.d. 1807); 
transcribed by the author's cousin, Lutf-allah b. Baha al-Dln 
Muhammad b. 'Abd-allah b. Nur al-Din Muhammad b. Ni'mat-allah 
al-Musawi al-Jaza'irl al-Shustari. 

A descriptive account of the city of Shustar, to which is appended 
a story of the life and travels of the author, 'Abd al-Latif b. Abi 
Talib b. !Nur al-Din b. M'mat-allah al-Husaim al-Musawi al-ShustarT. 

The author compiled this work in India, dedicated to, and named 
it after, the Sayyid Abu al-Q,asim b. Sayyid RazI-al-Dm, entitled Mir 
'AlamKhan (d. a.h. 1223, a.d. 1808), the Prime Minister of Haidarabad 
(see fol. la). 

The historical part of this work is based upon the work of Sayyid 
'Abd-allah b. Mir al-Din, most probably an uncle of the author, as 
his name frequently occurs. 

The work is divided into numerous fash (chapters), which are not 
numbered, and their contents are much mixed : — 

The ancient kings of Persia, the Pishdadians, fol. 2b, and the 
Kayanians, fol. 6a ; the boundaries of Shustar, fol. la ; the Sasanians, 
fol. 73; the climate of Shustar, fol. lla; its buildings, etc., fol. 14a; 
its mosques, fol. 20a ; its cities, fol. 22a ; its forests, fol. 263 ; account 
of the Mirl Sayyids, from the time of Sayyid M'mat-allah, born 
a.h. 1050 (a.d. 1641), to the author's time, including an account of 
Mir ' Alain Khan at Haidarabad, fol. 293 ; the life of the author, his 



64 BAILLIE COLLECTION". 

birth in a.h. 1172 (a.d. 1758), and early pursuits, fol. 64a; his 
journeys to Ispahan, Shlraz, Kirmanshahan, Baghdad, and other places, 
including notices on numerous learned men with whom he came in 
contact in those places (the names of these are written in red on the 
margins), fol. 683; his journey to Bengal in a.h. 1202 (a.d. 1787), 
fol. 905 ; account of the continents, beginning with Europe ; notes on 
British arts, sciences, manners, customs, cities, etc., fol. 95a; the early 
settlements and the rise of the British power in India, fol. 109a; 
account of America and some of the important European states, 
fol. 1 39a ; account of India, its divisions, ancient religious services, 
etc., fol. 145a; description of Bengal and Calcutta, fol. 1515; account 
of Lord Cornwallis, Tafazzul Husain Khan, Abu Talib Khan, and 
others, fol. 1555 ; his journey to Murshidabad, and notes on some 
Hindu customs, fol. 161a; account of Pegu, fol. 1663; the author's 
illness at Calcutta ; his journey to Lucknow in a.h. 1211 (a.d. 1796), 
fol. 1723; account of Hajmahall, Bhagalpur, Monghir, 'Azimabad, 
Benares, Jaunpur, Lucknow, Pabipur, and Shahj ahanabad (Dehli), 
etc., fol. 175a; his journey from Bengal to the Deccan, fol. 1955; 
account of Jaggannath, fol. 196a; Haidarabad, fol. 200a; notes on 
the Moghul Emperors descendants of Babar, and the invasion of 
Nadir-Shah, fol. 2025. 
Begins : 

lf\ _ lJ'^ jl ^*^ <t*lri- cjU-s ^ta-jJ t-^Jjoe <& ^-jL? i jiSl^ 

Cf. Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 383. 

At the end of the book there are two bands of a marsiyyah or poem 
in mourning for Imam Husain, the son of Khalifah 'All. It is written 
in large Naskh, and has no connection with the main work. 

Begins : 

86. 

Fawa'id-i Safawiyyah. 

Pols. 34; 5fin. by 3 in. ; 12 lines, each 1^-in. long; written in 
excellent small Nasta'liq, with headings in red; bound in plain 
leather; copied for the donor in a.h. 1223 (a.d. 1808). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 65 

This is only the fifth maqalah or chapter of the Fawa'id-i 
Safawiyyah, a history of the Safawi dynasty of Persia, which was 
originally written, according to the chronogram is-^yta'," a.h. 1211 
(a.d. 1796), and dedicated to Abu al-Fath Sultan Muhammad Mirza 
Khan Bahadur, the last of the Safawi dynasty, who lived as an exile 
at Lucknow and received a pension from the East India Company. 
The author is Abu al-Hasan b. Ibrahim Qazwini, who had come over 
to his royal patron from Persia in a.h. 1205 (a.d. 1790). 

The present maqalah, which was copied for Colonel. Baillie from 
the original copy by the author himself, contains (4*.~s. <Li.*is ..Sj 
<U-iL!jj 4J.W-1*) a brief account of the Qajars, the present rulers 
of Persia, and the events go down to the end of a.h. 1219 
(ad. 1801-4805). 

Begins : 

For details of the whole work see Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 133 sq. ; 
Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 137; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 567; Pertsch 
(Berlin Cat.), p. 515 sq. ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), pp. 119-120. 

87. 

Zuhiiriyya-i Safawiyyah. 

Eols. 11; 8£ in. by 5 in.; 15 lines, each 2fin. long; written in 
clear Nasta'Hq, with headings in red, in the same handwriting as 
the Mi'raj al-Tauhld ; bound in plain leather ; dated a.h. 1222 
(a.d. 1807). 

A treatise on the rise and rule of the Wahabis in Najaf Ashraf, 
containing a few prophecies connected with their expulsion from that 
region and the restoration of the holy places to the descendants of the 
martyrs. The author probably is Abu al-Fath Sultan Muhammad 
Safawi (see No. 86). At the end there is given a copy of a letter 
complaining that the practice of grave-worship among the people was 
not in accordance with the laws of Islam. ' 



66 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

The letter, which is addressed to Sultan Path 'All Shah Qajar of 
Persia, was sent by Shaikh 'Abd al-'Aziz, the chief of the Wahabis. 
Begins : 



III. BIOGRAPHY. 
88. 

Tazkira-i Tahir Naslrabadi. 

Pols. 161 ; 10 in. by 6|- in. ; 23 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
fair Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in thin stamped leather ; 
dated a.h. 1118 (a.d. 1706); incomplete. 

Notices on the Persian poets, who flourished in the eleventh 
century of the Hijrah. It was compiled in a.h. 1083 (a.d. 1672), 
and enlarged six years and even nine years later by Muhammad 
Tahir Naslrabadi, who dedicated it to Shah Sulaiman Safawl, King 
of Persia. The whole work is divided into a muqaddimah (intro- 
duction), five saff (books), and a Irfwtimah (appendix). In the 
present copy fols. 1-15 and 157-163 are wanting. The first notice 
on fol. Iff (which is numbered in red ink " 16 ") is that of Qilan Beg 
in the first firqah or chapter of the first saff; the second firqah, on the 
Amirs and Khans, etc., of Hindustan, begins on fol. 17 a; and the 
third, containing notices on the wazirs, writers, and secretaries, on 
fol. 21«. Saff II, on Sayyids and nobles, fol. 29b. Saff III, in three 
jirqahs: (1) Scholars and men of letters, fol. 48«; (2) Caligraphers, 
fol. 68«; (3) Darwlshes, fol. 69«. Saff IV, in three Jirqahs, on 
professional poets: (1) Poets of 'Iraq and Khurasan, fol. 70« (not 
numbered); (2) Poets of Mawara al-Nahr, fol. 142£; (3) Poets of 
Hindustan, fol. 147a. Saff V, account of the author and his 
relations, fol. 149«. Khatimah, fol. 155&, in two dafa'dt (sections) 
with numerous harfs or subsections, on chronograms, enigmas, riddles, 
by ancient and modern poets. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 67 

The following interesting riddle, when worked out correctly 
according to the method described on p. 159, will give the name of 
the celebrated poet *^^ ~*„c ( Umar Khayyam) : 

ij*j\-j ^sj» ^jJ XjjJ Jut* &j lJ}^- 

Cf. Sprenger (Oude Cat.), pp. 88-108, where extracts have been 
given ; Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 3685 ; Bland, Journal of R.A. Society, 
ix, p. 137 sq. ; etc. 



89. 

Ahwal-i Aulad-u Ja'idad-i Sayyid Ahmad Sandwi. 

Fols. 159; lOin. by 6£in. ; 14 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
ordinary Nasta'liq ; bound in gilt-stamped leather; dated a.h. 1230 
(a.d. 1814). 

This work was compiled by 'All Kaqi Khan, under instructions 
from the Governor-General of India, to clear up certain complications 
which had arisen in regard to the disposal of the estate in Oudh in the 
possession of the descendants of Sayyid Ahmad Sandwi. It is divided 
into two parts : 

I. The preface, followed by a history of the descendants of Sayyid 
Ahmad Sandwi, in twelve maqulahs (chapters) and a Tdiatimah 
(conclusion). 

II. Contains besides other matter the copy of a farman of the 
Emperor Shahjahan, which was issued in the twenty -fifth year of his 
reign, a.h. 1062 (a.d. 1652). 

At the beginning there is given a family tree, and a large coloured 
map of Path Ganj at the end. 
The preface begins : 



68 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

IV. TRAVEL. 

90. 

Maslr-i Talibi. 

Fols. 298; 8f in. by 5f in. ; 15 lines, each 3£in. long; coloured 
lines round the pages ; written in clear ISTasta'lIq ; headings in red ; 
bound in plain leather ; according to a note on the flyleaf the 
book was presented, probably to the donor's library, in a.h. 1227 
(a.d. 1812), by Mirza Ja'far. 

An account of the travels in Europe, a.h. 1213-1218 (a.d. 1798— 
1803), of Mirza Abu Talib Khan b. Haji Muhammad Beg Khan Hind! 
IspahanI (d. a.h. 1220 or 1221, a.d. 1805-1806) written by himself. 
The author, who was a Turk by descent, was born and brought up at 
Lucknow. Mukhtar al-Daulah, the Prime Minister of Nawwab Asif 
al-Daulah, had appointed him 'Amal-dar of Etawah and several other 
districts, but after the death of his patron he was superseded in his 
military command and pensioned. Later he succeeded, under the 
employment of Mr. Middleton, British resident at Lucknow, in 
suppressing the rebellion raised by Raja Balbhaddar-Singh. He was 
well known in London during his visit there. Abu Talib also wrote 
several other works, e.g., Notices on ancient and modern Persian poets, 
called ,\£jM bel^- (the Khulasat al-Afkar), and a poem in praise of 
London, styled \ji\ j»j~* i*J}£* (the Masnawi-i Surur Afza'), described 
elsewhere ; his poems have been edited with an English translation 
by G. Swinton, London, a.d. 1807. 

The present work was written soon after the author's return to 
Calcutta, and completed, according to a chronogram, in a.h. 1219 
(a.d. 1804). 

Begins : 

The present work has been translated into English by Charles 
Stewart, and published in London, a.d. 1810. The text has been 
printed by the author's son at Calcutta, a.h. 1228 (a.d. 1812). 
A Persian abridgement has been edited by Dr. Macfarlane, Calcutta, 
a.h. 1243 (a.d. 1827). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 69 

Cf. for the author and his work, Elliot, Hist, of India, vii, p. 298 ; 
Eland, in Journal of the Eoyal Asiatic Society, ix, p. 153 sq. ; Eieu 
(B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 384«, 3783; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 163; Bodl. 
Cat, 1855, 391, 1994; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 696, 2727 ; Browne (Camb. 
Cat.), p. 194; etc. 

91. 

Safar-nama-i Mir 'Izzat-allah. 

Fols. 181 ; 11 in. by 7 in. ; written in Shikastah-amiz-Nasta'liq ; 
gold-lined round the columns; bound in gilt-stamped leather; not dated. 

The author, Mir 'Izzat-allah (died at Kabul, a.h. 1241, a.d. 1825), 
states that under instructions from William Moorcroft he started 
from Shahjahanabad (Dehli) on the 7th of Eajab, a.h. 1227 
(20th April, a.d. 1812), and travelled through Kashmir, Tibet, 
Tashqand, Kashghar, Bhajan, Qoqan, Samarqand, Peshawar, and 
returned to Atak in Zulhijjah, a.h. 1228 (16th December, a.d. 1813). 
He was assisted in compiling an account of his travels by his com- 
panion, Hafiz Eazil Khan, whom he had sent from Atak to Bukhara. 
'Izzat-allah again accompanied (a.d. 1819-1824) Mr. William Moorcroft 
to Central Asia. 

The work contains a record of the distances between the places 
visited, with brief references to the towns, country, inhabitants, 
climate, etc. An index is given at the beginning. 

Begins : 

Cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), p. 982, and Supplt., p. 97b; Ethe (I.O. 
Cat.), 2728-2729; Bodl. Cat., 1858; etc. See also "Travels in the 
Himalayan Provinces of Hindustan and the Panjab, etc.," by William 
Moorcroft and George Trebeck, edited and published by H. H. Wilson, 
London, a.d. 1841 (i, preface, p. xviii). Partly translated into English 
by H. H. Wilson, Calcutta Quarterly Magazine and Eeview, vols, iii 
and iv, a.d. 1825 ; retranslated into French, Magasin Asiatique, 
a.d. 1826 ; into German in Bitter, Geographie von Asien, ii. Complete 
English translation by Captain Henderson, "Travels in Central Asia 
by Meer Izzut Oollah," Calcutta, a.h. 1289 (a.d. 1872). 



70 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

V. MATHEMATICS. 

92. 

Risala-i Irsmatlql (ya'nl Khawas-i A'dad). 

Fols. 30 ; llf in. by 6 in. ; 19 lines, each 3 £ in. long ; written in 
Nastadiq-shikastah-arniz ; badly injured by insects close to binding; 
not dated, probably a work of the eleventh century a.h. 

This is only the third fann or part of apparently a large work on 
arithmetic. The author's name is not given. In its present form it 
treats with that branch of the Theory of Numbers which is called 
— } ~W —}) (the Zauju al-Zauj), illustrated by numerous tables, 
and divided as follows : — 

f»£M>> ^ij^ (♦jJ'tlliU Fol. 9a. 

I*j-~j ,ij\ /♦}-«*» d-Ul* Fol. 15a. 

aj*wj ^j\ j*jl^ <>JU^ Fol. 205. 

*j\>- <&*?r)\ ( »^*-s jji Fol. 263. 

The rubric at the commencement is absent, and the work begins : 

VI. ASTRONOMY. 

93. 

Mi'raj al-Tauhid. 

Fols. 22; 8 J in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines, each 2fin. long; written in 
clear Nasta'llq, with headings in red ; bound iu plain leather; slightly 
injured by insects ; dated a.h. 1222 (a.d. 1807). 

A treatise in verse on the knowledge of the stars with a commentary 
upon the same in prose, by Mirza Abu Talib Hindi al-Ispahanl 
(see No. 90). The author in the introduction states that he was 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 71 

requested on his return from Europe by a friend to write his latest 
observations in the science of astronomy ; the present treatise was 
accordingly compiled after a labour of two months in a.h. 1219 
(a.d. 1804), and dedicated to Abu al-Eath Sultan Muhammad Safawl 
(see Nos. 86 and 87). 
Begins : 



VII. ETHICS. 
94. 

Tuhfat al-Muluk. 

Fols. 14; 12iin. by 7| in. ; eight lines, each 3f in. long; richly 
illuminated throughout; written in excellent ISTasta'Mq on gold- 
sprinkled paper ; not dated, probably copied in the early part of the 
thirteenth century of the Hi j rah. 

This MS. was transcribed for Colonel John Baillie by the royal 
caligrapher Muhammad Sa'd al-Din of Lucknow. The work is 
a short treatise intended for the instruction of princes and rulers, and 
consists of forty chapters, each containing four different pieces of 
advice. The author, whose name in this instance is not mentioned, 
was 'Abd-allah Muhammad al-Ansarl of Herat (d. a.h. 481, a.d. 1088). 
From the preface it would appear that the work is a compilation 
of the wise sayings of old philosophers and statesmen. At the end 
there is a beautiful qit'ali or quatrain, transcribed by the same hand, 
in praise of Colonel John Baillie, and complimenting him upon the 
three titles, " Arslan Jang, 'Imad al-Daulah, and Afzal al-Mulk," 
received by him, a.h. 1223 (a.d. 1804), from the Emperor Akbar II. 

Begins : 



72 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

95. 

Akhlaq-i Nasiri. 

Fols. 235; 7£in. by 5 in. ; 13 lines, each 3£in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq, with a few notes in Shikastah round the margins ; stamped 
leather binding; dated a.h. 1146 (a.ij. 1735); copyist, Muhammad 
Ja'far, who also was the owner. 

A famous treatise on ethics, by Naslr al - Din Muhammad b. 
Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-TusT, known as Nasir-i TusI, who was 
born, a.h. 597 (a.d. 1201) and died, a.h. 072 (a.d. 1274). He also 
wrote several other works on philosophy, and was considered one of 
the greatest astronomers of his time (see JSTo. 27). 

It is stated in the chapter following the preface (fol. 3), that the 
work was compiled at the desire of King Nasir al-Din 'Abd al-Rahlm 
b. Abl Mansiir, hence called after his name. It was based on 
a valuable work in Arabic, the Kitab Taharat al-Nafs of Abu 'All 
Ahmad b. Muhammad YVqub b. Miskawaili (d. a.h. 421, a.d. 1030). 

A chapter (fol. 4) treats of the science of philosophy, and the index 
to the work may be found on fols. 7 and 8, according to which the 
work is divided into 3 maqulahs (sections) and 30 fash (subsections). 

M. 1. The Cultivation of Character (fol. 9), under two qisms or heads. 

i. The Knowledge of the Origins, fol. 9a, subdivided into 7 fash, 
on fols. 9a, 15*. Ma, 22a, 24b, 32a, and 385. 

ii. The Inclination of the Mind, fol. 47*, in 10 fash, on fols. 47a, 
50b, 5! b, 545, 58 b, 62a, 69a, 84*, H9a, and 100a. 

M. II. Family and Household Management (fol. 130a), sub- 
divided into 5 fash, on fols. 130a, 134*, 138*, 1425, and 157*. 
Here ia found another/*?? (fol. 1535), which was added in a.h. 663 
(a.d. 12(i(i), fully thirty years after the completion of the work, and 
at the suggestion of 'Abd al-'A/Tz Ilchl. a.h. 633 (a.d. 1235) is 
thus indicated as the date of the original work. 

M. III. The Management of Cities and States (fol. 1G0*), consisting 
of 8 fash, on fols. 160*, 1685, 180*, 203*, 213*, 218*, 2285, and 233*. 

Begins : 

<£ Jn-iL> JX*!^ U-£jL« i^_jl£ CL^i-=- jJ-A J.X-J f^*j ^CW J "* J= "- 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 73 

! For other copies see Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, pp. 441 and 856; 
Supplt., p. 107; Bodl. Cat., 1435-1443; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2155- 
2172, 2949-2950; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), pp. 49 and 304; Browne 
(Camb. Cat.), pp. 205-207; Fleischer, 343; Rosen (Persian MSS.), 
p. 290; etc. Editions: Bombay, a.h. 1266 (a.d. 1850); Calcutta, 
a.h. 1264 (a.d. 1852); Lahore, a.h. 1282 (a.d. 1865); and Lucknow, 
A.n. 1286 (a.d. 1869). 



96. 

^jjiyi ~\{~* 

Minhaj al-Talibin. 

Eols. 5; 7 fin. by 5 in. ; 13 lines, each 3^ in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the preceding work ; bound in 
stamped leather ; dated a.h. 1146 (a.d. 1735); copyist, Muhammad 
Ja'i'ar, who also was the owner. 

A short treatise containing 145 selected pieces of advice in religious, 
moral, social, and political matters, by the same Naslr al-Din Tusi 
(see above). 

Begins : 



97. 

Akhlaq-i Muhsinl. 

Eols. 239; 7f in. by 5 in. ; 13 lines, each 3|-in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'llq ; dated a.h. 1216 (a.d. 1801) ; copyist, Muhammad 'All. 

This is a well-known work on ethics, by the author of the Anwar-i 
Suhaili in Persian (see this work described elsewhere) : Maulana 
Husain b. 'All al-Wa'iz, surnamed " Kashifi" (d. a.h. 910, a.d. 1505). 



74 



BAILLIE COLLECTION. 



It was completed in a.h. 900 (a.d. 1495), during the reign of Sultan 
Husain, to whom it was dedicated. 

The work is divided into forty chapters : 

(Devotion) Folio la. 

(Sincerity) „ 8a. 

(Prayer) ,, 9a. 

(Thanksgiving) ,, 105. 

(Patience) ,, 13a. 

(Contentment) ,,145. 

(Confidence in God) ... ,, 1 5a. 

(Modesty) ,, 16a. 

(Chastity) ,,195. 

(Good Manners) .... ,, 205. 

(Ambition) ....... ,, 22a. 

(Enterprise) ,, 24a. 

(Exertion) ,, 255. 

(Firmness) ,, 265. 

(Justice) ,, 30a. 

(Forgiving) ,, 435. 

(Meekness) ,, 465. 

(Gentleness) ,, 50a. 

(Kindness) ,, 53a. 

(Charity) ,, 565. 

(Generosity and Benevolence) ,, 61a. 

(Humility) ,, 725. 

(Integrity and Justness) . . ,, 77a. 

(Good Faith) ,, 81a. 

(Truth) ,, 86a. 

(Believing the wants of others) ,, 88a. 



1 


. . . cjU 


2 


. . . ^LU 


3 


.... *Uj 


4 


.x^jj 


5 


.... j~e 


6 


.... y \J>j 


7 . 


. • • • J^ 


8 


.... *u. 


9 


li^-njLc 


10 


.... c_>j! 


11 


\^^AJt>^c 


12 


••"'•• (V* 


13 


. . A$=rj ^=r 


14 


e^.^Ub~a^ culJ 


15 


.... J^ 


16 


^ 


17 


r u 


18 


• • iPji cA^ 


19 


jj^-./*.>- js*» c^->jii^j 


20 


Clii.^»i cu'-»>- 


21 


,.Lu;=-^ c^Lsr 1 


22 


. ^^ t ^y 


23 


u>JuJ. c^->3L»1 


24 


. . . ^«jlij 


25 


J^ 


26 


. o«UU ^ 



27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 75 

J.^b'j JlJ (Deliberation) .... 



.-jjJj CLSjJJL* (Council) 
jjfijjjj' .jl>j *>- (Prudence) 



e^-scLs** 8 (Bravery) 

CU.*i (Sense of Honour) . 

. c^-jL-j (Management and Chastisement^ 

lU.-^-. laJLj' (Vigilance) 

. L^~^.J (Penetration) .... 

• jV"^ h^ (Preservation of Secrets) . 

36 t— ^lls« ci^«tfri aw^xi 

^■*L£-.3 (Employment of Time) 

37 . . jyi->- 1 ^-V.^j (Duties of Kindred) 

38 . . \*2-\ c^-.k"* (Good Company) . . . 

39 . . . j\j£>\ J-*^ (Shunning the Wicked) . 

40 (+&•*-) *Ss>~ LZ*yjJi 

lotfijl <— ?ljl_j (Management of Servants) 



Folio 


90a. 


>> 


93a. 


>! 


976. 


)> 


100a. 


)> 


1155. 


/ " 


116J. 


»> 


122a. 


) J 


134a. 


)) 


1384. 


>) 


140J. 


>) 


146a. 


>I 


163a. 




168J. 



Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 443 ; Bodl. Cat., 1460-1462 ; Pertsch 
(Berlin Cat.), p. 308 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 63 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 
2188-2200 ; Krafffc, p. 183 ; Rosen (Persian MSS.), p. 291 ; Browne 
(Camb. Cat.), pp. 207-208 ; Dorn (St. Petersb. Cat.), p. 287 ; etc. 
A Turkish version of the work, called -j.Ull i>*-Jl (the Anis 
al-'Arifin), was made by Pir Muhammad 'Azml b.Pir Ahmad b. Khalll 
of Brusa, a.h. 974 (a.d. 1567-1568). The English translation, by 
H. G. Keene, was published at Hertford, a.d. 1851. Editions: 
Hertford, a.d. 1823 and 1850; Calcutta, a.h. 1267 (a.d. 1850); 
Lucknow, a.h. 1269 (a.d. 1862), reprinted a.h. 1307 (a.d. 1889); 
Cawnpore, a.h. 1306 (a.d. 1888); etc. 



76 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

VIII. POETRY. 
98. 

Shah-namah. 

Pp. 618 ; 12i in. by 8 in. ; Nasta'liq ; printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1226 
(a.d. 1811). 

This is vol. i of the Shah-naniah of the celebrated PirdausI (for 
details see MSS. described elsewhere). This edition was made by- 
Matthew Lumsden, assisted by Maulawl Allahdad, Mirza Mahdl, and 
others. It is stated that some twenty-seven reliable MSS. were 
collated for the express purpose of this publication, which contains an 
introduction and an index. 

99. 

Kulliyyat-i Khaqani. 

Fols. 447; 9^ in. by b\ in. ; 17 lines in gold-ruled double columns, 
each 2\ in. long ; illuminated frontispieces ; written in fair Nasta'liq ; 
bound in plain black leather which is lined in yellow tint round the 
margins; bears a seal of Al-Muhammad-allah ; and an inscription of 
the owner, who received it through Huzur-allah in a.h. 11 72 (a.d. 1758). 

The poetical compositions of the celebrated Imam Afzal al-Dln 
Badil Ibrahim b. 'All Najjar " Khaqani " of Shirwan, who originally 
wrote poetry under the name of Haqa'iqi, but subsequently, at the 
suggestion of his spiritual guide Abu al-'Ala al-Ganjawi, changed it 
to Khaqani, out of respect to Khaqan-i Kabir Minuchihr and his son 
Akhtasan, the two successive Sultans of Shirwan, under whom the 
poet flourished. According to Daulat-Shah, the Haft Iqlim, the 
Atashkadah, and the Ta'rikh-i Guzidah, Khaqani died at Tabriz in 
a.h. 582 (a.d. 1186) and is buried at Surkhab, close to the tombs of 
Zahlr al-Din Faryabi and Shah Ghaf ur Nishapurl. In the Mukhbir 
al-Wasilln and the Habib al-Siyar, however, he lived longer and 
died in a.h. 595 (a.d. 1199). He was called " Badil " by his father on 
account of his being a great mystic and a substitute for Hakim Sana'i, 
who had died in a.h. 525 (a.d. 1131). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. i i 

Khaqani was the author of the Tuhfat al-'Iraqain, a poetical 
description of 'Iraq-i 'Arah and 'Iraq-i 'Ajam, which is described 
elsewhere. 

The contents of the present copy, which are miscellaneous, incom- 
plete, and somewhat wanting in order, may be classified as follows: — 

I. The NaH (Praise) begins on fol. \b : 

II. The named qnsldahs, on fol. 14a, beginning: 

t_»>uj5 j*ux.i ^i^JLS ^UJ l=- « i <£/♦.*£»- c_->U0 «_/♦!•• ,*A*a j$AJ .-j />«-aJ O: 

III. The qasidahs in praise of Sultans, etc., fol. 56a: 

IV. The muqatta'at, poems on unitarianism, the Praise, complaints, 

satires, pleasantries, etc., fol. 303 b : 

V. The marasi, or mourning poems, on fol. 343a, beginning : 

"VI. The maja%iyat or metaphoric ghazals, and haqlqat or spiritual 
ghazals, on fol. 352a, beginning : 

VII. The ruba'iyyat or quatrains, on fol. 429a, beginning : 

£>\aJ ^*J i — <la>! Jjj <dli dJlj,£ ^^j < — 6^ ^ _ij «L 

Cf. on the life and work of Khaqani, Khanykov, " Memoire sur 
Khacani," Journal Asiatique, 6 e serie, iv, p. 137 sq. ; and v, p. 296 sq. ; 
Saleman's introduction to his Russian edition of Khaqanl's Ruba'is, 
St. Petersburg, a.d. 1875; Melanges Asiatiques, iii, p. 114 sq. ; see 
also Bodl. Cat., 560-581 ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 768 sq. ; Rieu 
(B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 558 sq. ; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 461 ; Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 950-970 ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 508 ; Ouseley (Biogr. 
Notices), p. 157 ; Leyden Cat., p. 329 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), p. 387 ; 
etc. Khaqanl's poetical works have been lithographed at Lucknow, 
a.h. 1297 (a.d. 1879); etc. 



78 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

100. 

Qasa'id-i Khaqanl. 
Fols. 170; 10^ in. by 6fin. ; 17 lines in double columns, each 
about 3 1 in. long; written in Nasta'liq, with numerous glosses, both 
marginal and interlinear ; not dated ; bears inscriptions in Hindi at 
the end ; the name of the Emperor Muhammad-Shah is written on 
fol. 25 ; much injured and pasted with patches all through ; bound in 
stamped leather. 

A collection of eighty-eight qasidahs by the same Khaqanl (see above). 
The Qasldah I, on fol. lb, begins : 

(jl-jM Ajljj JiL ^^ e^,J +Ax3 j+j ^ J J 

101. 

Iskandar-nama-i Barri. 
Pols. 226 ; 9f in. by 6iin. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each 
2 1 in. long ; Written in fair Nasta'llq ; in a few parts the rubrics are 
absent ; bound in plain leather ; probably copied in the twelfth century 
a.h. ; copyist, Mahdi. 

A complete MS., in good preservation, of the first part of one of the 
most celebrated romances of the East. It contains an account of the 
exploits of Alexander the Great as a conqueror, and was written in 
admirable verse by the famous Shaikh Jamal al-Din Abu Muhammad 
Ilyas b. Mu'ayyad Mzam al-Din, poetically named "Nizanrl," of Ganjah 
(now called Elisabetpol), who was born at Qum, a.h. 535 (a.d. 1140), 
and probably died a.h. 599 (a.d. 1203), though the dates of his death 
are variously described, a.h. 576-607 (a.d. 1180-1210). Iskandar- 
namah, probably composed, a.h. 597-598 (a.d. 1200-1202), was the 
last work of the poet, and this, the first part, he dedicated to the 
nephew and successor in Tabriz of Atabak Qizil Arslan, Atabak 
Nusrat al-Din Abu Bakr b. Jahan Pahlawan Muhammad, who died 
after reigning over 20 years, a.h. 607 (a.d. 1210). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 79 

Begins : 

: ^Jk-ss. Jul C^^Jk-^- Uj Li-v-ily e Jfcl^ijlj i^^Jf Ij lj»>- 
Cf. for this first part, Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 568 sq. ; Bodl. Cat., 
585, 5a; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 972, 5a; Browne (Camb. Cat), pp. 304- 
305 ; etc. It has been edited with a selected commentary by Badr 
'Ali and Mir Husain 'All, Calcutta, a.h. 1227 (a.d. 1812), and 
reprinted a.h. 1241 (a.d. 1825). The text has been printed at 
Calcutta, a.h. 1269 (a.d. 1852); and lithographed at Lucknow, 
a.h. 1266, 1282 (a.d. 1849, 1865), with marginal notes, a.h. 1297, 
1306 (a.d. 1879, 1888); also at Bombay, a.h. 1277, 1292 (a.d. 1860, 
1875) ; at Lahore with the commentary of Ghufran, a.h. 1307 
(a.d. 1889). Extracts in German translation, by Fr. Riickert, in 
" Erauentaschenbuch," Niirnburg, a.d. 1824; also in Eranz von 
Erdmann's " De Expeditione Russorum Berdaam versus," Kasan, 
a.d. 1826-1832; in Charmoy's "Expedition d' Alexandre contre les 
Busses," St. Petersburg, a.d. 1829; F. Spiegel, "Die Alexandersage 
bei den Orientalen," Leipzig, a.d. 1851, p. 33 sq. ; etc. English 
translation by H. "W. Clarke, London, a.d. 1881. 

For Mzami's life and works in general, cf. "W. Bacher, Nizami's 
Leben and Werke, Leipzig, a.d. 1871 ; English translation, a.d. 1873, 
reprinted in Bobinson's " Persian Poetry for English Readers," 
a.d. 1883, p. 103 sq. ; Ethe, " Die hofische und romantische Poesie der 
Perser," Hamburg, a.d. 1887, p. 39 sq. ; " Neupersische Li Heratur,'' 
Strassburg, a.d. 1896, pp. 241-244. See also Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, 
p. 564 sq. ; Bodl. Cat., 585-619 and 1981; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 972- 
1027; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 519; Pertsch (Gotha Cat.), p. 67, 
and Berlin Cat., 751; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 503; Leyden Cat., 
ii, p. 109; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 10; Rosen (Persian MSS.), 
pp. 171-173 and 203; Browne (Camb. Cat.), pp. 303-310 and 341 ; 
Ouseley, Notices of Persian Poets, p. 43 ; etc. 

102. 

Makhzan al-Asrar. 
Fols. 78; 9fin. by 6^ in. ; 15 lines, in two central columns, each 
2£in. long; written in fair Nasta'llq, in the same handwriting as 
the above work, by Mahdi. 



80 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

A mystic poem by the same Nizami (see above) on the Sufis. It is 
divided into twenty maqalahs (chapters), and illustrated by means of 
short instructive anecdotes. Various MSS. of this poem bear different 
dates of the composition, ranging between a.h. 552 and 582 (a.b. 1157- 
1186), but a.h. 572 or 573 (a.d. 1176-1178) is the probable one. It 
was dedicated to Bahram-Shah b. Da'ud, Sultan of Armenia. 

Begins : 

Cf. Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 565« ; Bodl. Cat., 585, i; Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 972, i; etc. The poem has been edited by Nathaniel 
Bland, London, a.d. 1844 (with an account of Nizami from Daulat- 
Shah's and Lutf 'All Beg's biographies prefixed) ; lithographed at 
Lucknow, a.h. 1286, 1289 (a.d. 1869, 1872), and with a commentary, 
a.h. 1299 (a.d. 1881); Cawnpore, a.h. 1286 (a.d. 1869). Shami 
(d. a.h. 1009 or 1010, a.d. 1600-1602) wrote a commentary upon it 
in Turkish. 



103. 

Khusrau-u Shirln. 

Fols. 225 ; 9f in. by 64; in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each 
2| in. long ; written in fair Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the 
above work, by Mahdi. 

A celebrated poem on the loves of Khusrau and Sbirin, by the same 
Nizam! (see above). It contains eulogies on Sultan Sa'id Tughrul 
b. Arslan, who ascended the throne in a.h. 573 (a.d. 1177-1178), 
Atabak Abu Ja'far Muhammad, and his brother and successor Qizil 
Arslan (a.h. 582-587, a.d. 1186-1191). 

Begins : 

For description of its contents see Hammer's " Schirin, ein perisches 
romantisches Gedicht nach morgenlaandischen Quellen," Leipzig, 
a.d. 1809. It has been lithographed at Lahore, a.h. 1288 (a.d. 1871). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 81 

104. 

Kulliyyat-i Sa'di. 

Fols. 497; 11 \ in. by 7f in. ; 10 lines in the centre of page, each 
2§-in. long, with 24 lines written on the margins, each li in. long; 
written on gold-sprinkled paper in elegant Nasta'liq ; the first four 
pages are richly illuminated in gold and blue colour ; all the headings 
are ornamental, and each part possesses an illuminated frontispiece ; 
gold lined round the pages, with three triangular ornaments in each 
page; bound in highly-gilt leather; contains 17 miniatures, mostly 
full-page, on fols. 355, 1035, 1235, 142a, 1785, 196a, ,2165, 2245, 
2355, 244a, 2525, 3005, 3165, 3395, 385a, fea, and^42a; bears 
an 'arz-didah ; transcribed, a.h. 964 (a.d. 1556), by 'Inayat-allah 
Shirazl. 

A magnificent copy of the complete collected works of pre-eminently 
the most popular of Persian authors, Sa'di, whose full appellation was 
Shaikh Musharraf al-Din (according to the oldest copy extant and 
several others transcribed directly from the author's autograph, and in 
the preface to the present copy, fol. 25, 1. 8, the author is called by 
the honorific title of 

-a*^ ,^o> ^-^Ia**^ A~>y\ J* 3 * j^jjjj c^l? &d^ L-iyL* 

b. Muslih al-Din Shirazi. He used "Sa'di" as poetical name out of 
respect for his father's patron, Atabak Sa'd b.Zingl of Pars (d. a.h. 623, 
a.d. 1226). Sa'di received his early education as a man both of 
letters and the sword at Baghdad, and in religious tendencies he 
had adopted the opinions of the venerated Shaikh 'Abd al-Qadir 
Jilani. Sa'di was also one of the greatest travellers of his time. He 
died at the advanced age of 110 years, a.h. 690 (a.d. 1291), or, 
according to Daulat-Shah, Jami, and others, a year later. 

Sa'di's works were collected and arranged by 'All b. Ahmad b. Abu 
Nasr b. Blsutun (fol. 4a, 1. 9), who, as is stated, having eight years 
previously arranged the ghazals, compiled an index to the same, 
a.h. 734 (a.d. 1333). 

6 



82 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

Contents. 

I. The collector's preface, fol. 3b, begins : 

LZj\jyJz?* *Jc»ij_i| A_i &.JJj&Ji c^-.-l5j-'j ^Jj-ot* ^j^L^-jj ^x^j 

(The preface has been translated into English by J. H. Harington 
in the introduction to his Calcutta edition of the Kulliyyat, described 
in the Supplement. Also cf. Dr. W. Bacher, Sa'di-Studien, p. 82 ; 
and Eosen, Persian MSS., p. 175.) 

II. i^-U) J _j JLf .J ^^^.is^ <0La. Fol. la. This preface is by 

Sa'dl, and begins : 

(see Bacher, loc. cit.). 

III. ijlxsaj jjudusr* . J jlj *Jl«j. Begins with 
(!) Jj^ u-*^^ Fol. 15a: 

(2) ^-JbsJI u *Ijs^^ Fol. 205. The heading to this part was 

never ornamented, only a blank is left. Begins : 

^3 Li ^\ _ *Ll j5J| l^T ^jtf 1^1 b JUj JiN J 15 

(3) uiJWl u-J-?^^ Fol. 28a. Begins: 

.... *Xe\ ^y* jLtj *)Ij <ulr. <ujl L«> <UJ1 J^J J^ 

(4) ^\J\ jjuulsr* 5 ! Fol. 32a. Begins : 

The third and the fourth Majlis have been edited with translation 
and commentary by M. Guedemann, Breslau, a.d. 1858. 

(5) ,^.U^ ^Jusr^l Fol. 385. Begins: 



# 



, j\j a\Cj -*U^ <ujfc \\ \j\s» 1£L* .... <UJLw 



The fifth Majlis has been rendered into English by James Boss, in 
the Bombay Translations, i, p. 146 sq. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 83 

IV. (Jy,^ <— *»-b JU-o .J a^«j AlLy Fol. 51a. Begins: 

This risalah contains the five questions which were put hy Shams 
al-DIn JuwainI to Sa'di, with the answers of the latter. This part 
has been translated into English by Harington in the introduction, 
pp. 14-17, and into German by Graf, Lustgarten, ii, pp. 136-142. 

V. (J-^-y ,JJLc .l> +\$2- &{~»j Fol. 55a. Begins: 

^cjJj> j\jj jjViT y» t-JlkHj ij\ ^jsz-^ t_£L« <L$xA> \&&. s\. i_^3Lj 

The above was written in answer to a question of Maulana, Sa'd 
al-Dln on reason and love. 

VI. lJjL*M L^rcuaijJ ^=cu aJL, Fol. 596. Begins: 

-J\ _ ajJ\ J^ ^jlx SjLallj *.x*>- ^ )j\ y&. AKm <uJiX*di 

This was written at the request of some friend. Cf. Bacher, 
loc. cit., pp. 93-102. Edited by Latouche (Zenker, ii, 484) and by 
Barb (Vienna, a.d. 1856). 

VII. titi JjLj. Three short pieces. 

(1) (jU~ ^ ^J^-> ^^J^ Fol. 19«. Begins: 

This interview of Sa'di with Sultan Abaqa. Khan was described by 
an anonymous writer after learning the details from the poet. It has 
been translated into English by Harington in the introduction, 
pp. 17-19, and into German by Graf, Lustgarten, ii, pp. 142-146. 

(2) yUol c^sa»a3 j£ * } J <0L, Fol. 81. Begins : 

^-— ' 

This tract contains advice given by the poet to Ankiyanu, the 
Moghul governor of Fars (a.h. 667-670, a.d. 1268-1272). 



84 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

(3) ^j£ ^jjl'j (jj^l jj-^Jj +)=-j-+ i— £L* Li-«joss»- .j t»iJlj <l!Lj. 

Fol.. 88a. Begins : 

isM — ,jI>m\ iJLaJ^) *y*~y tj^ £ <— Q* CL^st^s- (^Uij jt> 

The above illustrates an anecdote connected with Malik Shams 
al-Din, who was Chief Revenue Collector of Fars since a.h. 676 
(a.d. 1277). It was drawn up by an anonymous writer. For 
English and German versions see Harington, pp. 19-21, and Graf, ii, 
pp. 146-148. 

VIII. ^Is^Jif Fol. 896. Begins: 

All people able to read Persian must have read the Gulistan. It is 
the most popular book with people of all ages, and even in ordinary 
conversation it is the habit with them to quote phrases from it. The 
Gulistan was completed by the author, a.h. 656 (a.d. 1258). 

The Gulistan is divided into a dlhdchah (preface), fol. 875 (which 
contains a heading illuminated with gold on fol. 965, entitled jS J 
j*ai t)\ (jj ^\ j.-s 3 j^z *\y*f\ -»/•) ), and eight bdbs (see an illuminated 
fihrist or index on fol. 995). 

(1) j^LaLSoU t2Jj~*jd fol. 100a, (2) ijdi+i-jj* jJLei.1jJ 
fol. 1405, (3)^- fcs-Ju-aijd fol. 1685, (4) ^-i^U- ^ly^J 

fol. 1935, (5) ^j\fT) J^'J^ foL 99(l ' ( 6 ) <^J*t3 k — ^ J J 
fol. 2175, (7) L^-Jy^Jl^.J fol. 224a, (8) U^s- 9 e-?^T J J 
fol. 2445 (this part is dated a.h. 976, a.d. 1568). 

The Gulistan has been translated into French by A. du Ryer 
(a.d. 1634), by D'Alegre (a.d. 1704), by Gaudin (a.d. 1789), by 
Semelet (Paris, a.d. 1828), and by C. Defremery (Paris, a.d. 1858); 
into Latin, by Gentius (a.d. 1651), reprinted four years later; into 
German, by Adam Olearius (Schlesswig, a.d. 1654, 1660, etc.), by 
B. Dorn (Hamburg, a.d. 1827), by Ph. "Wolff (Stuttgart, a.d. 1841), 
and by K. H. Graf (a.d. 1846); into English, by Francis Gladwin, 
containing text, two vols. (Calcutta, a.h. 1221, a.d. 1806), reprinted, 
London, a.d. 1809 and 1833 ; by Dumoulin (a.d. 1807), by James 
Ross (London, a.d. 1823 and 1890), by E. B. Eastwick (Hertford, 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 85 

a.d. 1852 and 1880), by J. T. Platts (London, a.d. 1873), another 
translation privately printed at Benares by tbe Kama Shastra Society, 
a.h. 1306 (a.d. 1888), selected portions have been published in 
Robertson's "Persian Poetry for English Readers," a.d. 1883'; into 
Urdu, by Mir Shir 'AH Afsiis, published under the supervision of 
Dr. John Gilchrist and entitled " The Rose Garden of Hindoostan," 
Calcutta, a.h. 1217 (a.d. 1802), and by Nizam al-Din, Poona, 
a.h. 1272 (a.d. 1855); into Arabic, Bulaq, a.h. 1263 (a.d. 1846); 
into Russian, by S. JSasarianz, Moscow, a.d. 1857 ; into Turkish, 
Persian text, with Sudi's translation and notes, Constantinople, 
a.h. 1286 (a.d. 1869) and a.h. 1293 (a.d. 1876), etc. ; into Polish, by 
Otwinowski, edited by Janicki, Warsaw, a.d. 1879 ; into Hindi, 
by Mihr-Chand-Das, Dehli, a.h. 1307 (a.d. 1889); etc. 

The text editions are too numerous to be all noted (a few are 
described in the Supplement), the most correct and best ones being : 
Calcutta, a.h. 1268 (a.d. 1851), by Dr. A. Sprenger ; Hertford, 
a.d. 1850, by Eastwick (with glossary), and 1863, by Johnson (with 
notes) ; and London, a.d. 1874, by John T. Platts. Cf. Zenker, i, 
p. 520 sq. ; and ii, p. 467 sq. 

IX. ^Jc^iyi Fol. 3 J (written on the margins). Begins : 

The Bustan was completed by Sa'di in a.h. 655 (a.d. 1257). It is 
divided after the Praise of the Almighty, his Prophet, and 'All, 
a tribute to the virtues of the last Atabak Sa'd b. Zingi and eulogy of 
Atabak Muhammad (b. Abu Bakr b. Sa'd b. Zingi), into ten babs : — 

(1) ^jj^S J^ ^jjSj J<i^ ^jiji ^"^Jl *-»\**\j4 fol. 123, 

(2) ^Lwls-I J fol. 545, (3) CU~s^ Ujl v^^AiJey (JJLsjJ 

u lA_>\ b fol. 76a, (4) ^i \y3< J fol. 925, (5) *U, j J 

fol. 155a, (6) e^bi jJ fol. 1233, (7) L^-Jy jJ fol. 1315, 

(8) c^-JUyj ji^ j& fol. 151a, (9) <UjJ j£> fol. 163a, 

(10) u_>b£ *->.j LS->U-L* jJ> fol. 177a. 

The Bustan has been translated into German, by IT. H. Graf, 

Jena, a.d. 1850; by Schlechta-Wssehrd, Vienna, a.d. 1852; and by 

Fr. Ruckert, Leipzig, a.d. 1882. The Erench version is by Barhier 



86 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

de Meynard, Paris, a.d. 1880. The English translations are hy 
H. "Wilberforce Clarke, London, a.d. 1879, and by G. S. Davie styled 
"The Garden of Fragrance, " London, a.d. 1882. Selections in 
English, under the name of "Flowers from the Bustan," were 
published at Calcutta, a.h. 1295 (a.d. 1877), and are also found in 
S. Robertson's "Persian Poetry for English Readers," a.d. 1883. 
It has also been translated into Turkish in two vols., Constantinople, 
a.h. 1288 (a.d. 1871). The text editions, both printed and litho- 
graphed, are numerous ; only a few earlier ones may be noted here : 
Calcutta, a.h. 1225 and 1244 (a.d. 1810 and 1828) ; Hughli, 
a.h. 1264 (ad. 1847) ; Cawnpore, a.h. 1248, 1273 (a.d. 1832, 1856); 
the latter was reprinted with notes, a.h. 1297 (a.d. 1879), a.h. 1285 
(a.d. 1868), etc.; Lucknow, a.h. 1262 (a.d. 1845), 1263 (1846), 
1265 (1848), 1279 (1862), 1286 (1869), etc. ; Lahore, a.h. 1280 and 
1297 (a.d. 1863 and 1879), etc. ; Tabriz, a.h. 1285 (a.d. 1868) ; 
Dehli, a.h. 1300 (a.d. 1882). It has also been printed, Vienna, 
a.d. 1850, by K. H. Graf, with Persian commentary, the best edition; 
London, a.d. 1891, photographed from a MS. (see Supplement). 

X. [e-Jr-c <^>^> t—fls** Pol. 1835 (written on the margins). The 

qasidahs in Arabic, beginning : 

XI. ^5*-^ ^V.^ <-r J ^ Pol. 200a (also on the margins). The 

qasidahs in Persian, alphabetically arranged, beginning : 

Nineteen of the above have been translated by K. H. Graf in 
Zeitschrift der D. Morg. Gesellschaft, ix, pp. 92-153, and xii, 
pp. 82-116. 

XII. r^y u-»laa Pol. 225a (on the margins). The elegies, 

beginning : 

Select pieces from the above in text and German translation by 
Graf, loc. cit., xv, pp. 564-576. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 87 

XIII. CuUXL* L-j\'^ Fol. 2685. These are the qasldahs or 

poems with alternate Persian and Arabic verses, beginning : 

._jl«9L»^JI c^-olc Ij - -._i — j *_£»M ^CJ (j*^ ^j.? . V ls^^^. 

XIV. v^jU*s»-j u_>lss Fol. 2745. The poems with refrains, 

beginning : 

XV. C^?L^> t— >l^s Fol. 2815. The pleasant ahazals alphabetically 

arranged, beginning : 

Fourteen of these have been edited and rendered into German by 
K. H. Graf, loc. cit., xiii, pp. 445-467. 

XVI. £-^<*J c— >ui Fol. 3805. The ornate gh a%als. also alpha- 

betically arranged (only the first, except its last two lines, 
is in Arabic), beginning : 

Ten of these have been edited and translated into German by Graf, 
loc. cit., xv, pp. 541-554. 

XVII. j^J\y>. c_jLi Fol. 4235. The signets or precious gha%als, 
also in alphabetical order, beginning : 

1.L*l)i»1 Ok>-i ifc3 iJLxU.^ dS 1 .'(Acs- j^U U Ji*>i wul;*«j 

Seven of these have been edited and translated into German by 
Graf, loc. cit., xv, pp. 554-564. 

XVIII. *j jJi CoLh-i u-jbJ' Fol. 4395. The early ghazals, also 
arranged alphabetically, beginning : 

XIX. <L-._*.=- l«9 < >Lii Fol. 4485. The moral and epigrammatic 

poems. These are in the form of short qipahs, and were 



88 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

dedicated, like the fifth, risalah (see above), to the Sahib-i 
Diwan, hence called Sahibiyyah. Begins : 

These have been edited and rendered into German verse by Dr. "W. 
Bacher in " Sadi's Aphorisnien und Sinngedichte," Strassburg, 
a.d. 1879. 

XX. tuL*.kiL« c_>l^ Fol. 4705. The ghazals without the initial 

bait, in alphabetical order, beginning : 

._»ij ^\j j-~£~ J-xJjl HJj^J 4_£_i^ ji* 
UjJw^l ^^^ ^-^ J*ii L^-v-jJ <L.£ 

XXI. Li-'Lo-Ua^ t_»>b£ Fol. 4 73 J. The jocular poems, beginning : 

. . . . uJ^kdl i_$1^ j_/sxj (j-^jJ^ ^Ax^l! J 15 

XXII. d^ i> Fol. 4805. The mock homilies in prose interspersed 
with verse. This tract ends with the muzhilcat or comic 
pieces in prose, beginning : * 

XXIII. C^jLj-cUi Fol. 4805. The quatrains, written on the 
margins, beginning : 

W^r j r* ^^ l^^j l>v^ ^^ ^^ r^-y 

XXIY. c^bc-y Fol. 4963. The detached distichs, beginning : 

Cf. on Sa'di and his works, Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 595 sq. ; 
Bodl. Cat., 681-748; Pertsch (Gotha Cat.), p. 88 sq., and Berlin Cat., 
p. 800 sq. ; Kosen (Persian MSS.), p. 175 sq. ; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), 
p. 545 sq. ; Fliigel (Yienna Cat.), i, p. 527 sq. ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 
1117-1185; Leyden Cat, p. 337 sq. ; Aunier (Munich Cat), 
p. 16 sq. ; Browne (Camb. Cat), p. 327 sq. ; Ouseley, Biogr. Notices, 
p. 5 sq. ; Dr. "W. Bacher, in the introduction to " Sadi's Aphorismen 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 89 

und Sinngedichte," Strassburg, a.d. 1879, and Sadi - Studien, in 
Zeitschrift der D. Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft, xxx, p. 81 sq. ; etc. 
The Kulliyyat has been edited by J. M. Harington, two vols., 
Calcutta, a.h. 1206-1210 (a.d. 1791-1795) ; the editions are 
numerous: Bombay, a.h. 1226, 1267, 1280 (a.d. 1811, 1850, 1863), 
etc.; Tabriz, a.h. 1257 and 1264 (a.d. 1841 and 1847); Teheran, 
a.h. 1263 and 1268 (a.d. 1846 and 1851); Dehll, a.h. 1269 
(a.d. 1852); Cawnpore, a.h. 1280 (a.d. 1863); etc. 



105. (4nr~~L <urCfcfc **} 



Sharh-i Qasida-i Burdah. ?™W*c { Uw^ *** 

Fols. 113; 7-§- in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines, each 2f in. long; written in 
ordinaiy Naskh ; bound in stamped leather ; probably copied in the 
tenth century a.h. 

A commentary upon the Persian version of the Qasida-i Burdah of 
Al-Busiri (see No. 45) by Fazl-allah b. Ruzbahan, better known as 
Khwajah Maulana, Ispahan!. It was compiled in a.h. 921 (a.d. 1515). 
The last folio is missing, but the commentary otherwise is complete. 

The introduction (fols. 1-4) begins : 

\j Js-wj ^Jlz ^U^l u \*Jl\ *Lui^ *jLa!^ ^r^Ull t_j. aJjj^sJl 

'J\ _ <dl\ » dial ^J\jJl&\ JUs _ ^+x*s>-\ <0U^ aITj **sf 



106. 

Dlwan-i Hafiz. 

Fols. 248; 7fin. by 4 in. ; 12 lines in double columns, each 2-§-in. 
long ; richly illuminated throughout; contains twelve highly finished 
miniatures in Indian style, on fols. 6, 13, 21, 48, 91, 109, 129, 212, 
224, 225, 240, and 241 ; written in excellent Nasta'liq, on glazed 
paper ; bound in plain leather ; probably copied in the eleventh century 
of the Hijrah. 



90 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

The Dlwan or collected poetical works of Khwajah Shams al-DIn 
Muhammad, poetically styled "Hafiz" of Shiraz, who has always 
been regarded as the most elegant of Persian lyric poets and a Sufi 
of the highest order. He died at Shiraz, a.h. 791 (a.d. 1389). His 
tombstone at Musalla, according to best authorities, bears the above 
date of his death, and it is recorded also in this copy, fol. ba, 1. 8. 
Hafiz lived in the time of the Muzaffaris, and was still alive when 
Titniir (Tamerlane) defeated Shah - Mansur, the last Sultan of that 
dynasty. 

The present excellent MS. begins with the preface of Muhammad 
Gulandam, the friend of the poet, aud the collector, after his death, of 
his odes : 

•J\ _ liil>- ^y>£ %-*■>■ 

The first qasldah, containing the praise of Shah-Shuja', Sultan of 
the Muzaffaris (d. a.h. 786, a.d. 1384), begins on fol. 6b: 

^Ljlgs*- *Li Clijbtwj Ji-t \\ i^y^ (*y *? ^.l^ c?-'*J ^j^ "^ 

The second qasldah, on the excellency of the premier, Muhammad 
b. 'All, begins, fol. 8a : 

The third, on the virtues of Shaikh Abu al-Ishaq, fol. 10# : 

aJs^Jcs'-j} &zXi\*3b i (Lis! : [£ y*>^- ^r*^ c^* ^ t-^T** &> *£ ^A^-° 

The fourth, in which the author solicits aid on his behalf, fol. \lb : 

The gh as&afo, arranged in alphabetical order, begin, fol. 156 : 

L^JjLi jL'I^j! ^_iUl L*j1 U fl 

l-jlxA^* t3ui.ii J^ Jj" M^*3 ^jLsl ^Jh^c 4-j 
The muqatta'at, fol. 2255 : 

One tarji'band (styled <L<li JjLj), fol. 232J : 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 91 

The first masnawi, fol. 234a : 

The second, fol. 2365 : 

X§£ fts*- &£> ^ ^jJz"* iji))^ ^ U^ijji cX* $ iV^^rf 
The third, fol. 239« : 

The ruba l iyydt, fol. 2415: 

For Hafiz and his works, cf. S. de Sacy, Notices et Extraits, iv, 
p. 238 sq., which is a translation of Daulat-Shah's account of Hafiz, 
but in this the death of the poet is placed three years later (this 
work has further been edited in Wilken's Chrestomathia Persica, 
Leipzig, 1805, and in Vullers, Vitse Poetarum Persicorum) ; Ouseley's 
Biographical Notices, p. 23 sq. ; Hammer's Redekiinste, p. 261 ; 
M. Defremery, Journal Asiat., xi, 1858, p. 406 sq. ; S. Robinson, 
Persian Poetry, 1883, p. 385 sq. ; Rieu, ii, p. 627 sq. ; Sprenger 
(Oude Cat.), p. 415 ; etc. 

Tor other copies see Rieu, loc. cit. ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1214-1274; 
Bodl. Cat., 815-853; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 551 sq. ; Pertsch 
(Cotha Cat.), p. 75, and Berlin Cat., p. 845 sq. ; Dorn (St. Petersb. 
Cat.), p. 362 ; Rosen (Persian MSS.), p. 205 sq. ; Mehren (Copenhagen 
Cat.), p. 38 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 23 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), 
p. 346 sq. ; etc. 

The principal earlier editions have been published at Calcutta, 
a.h. 1206 (a.d. 1791), by Abu Talib Khan, and again, a.h. 1242 
(a.d. 1826); Bombay, a.h. 1228, and 1277 (a.d. 1812-1813, and 1860); 
Cawnpore, a.h. 1247 (a.d. 1831); Bulaq, a.h. 1250, 1256, and 1281 
(a.d. 1834, 1840, and 1864); Constantinople, a.h. 1257 (a.d. 1841); 
Leipzig, a.d. 1854-1856 (by Brockhaus, with the Turkish commentary 
to the first eighty odes by Sudi) ; Vienna, a.d. 1856-1864 (by 
Rosenweig-Shawannau, containing text and metrical German trans- 
lation in three vols.); Tabriz, s a.h. 1257 (a.d. 1841); Teheran, 
a.h. 1258 (a.d. 1842); Mashhad, a.h. 1262 (a.d. 1845); Dehll, 
a.h. 1269 (a.d. 1852); Calcutta, a.h. 1275 (a.d. 1858), with the 



92 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

commentary by Eath 'All ; etc. Numerous editions have followed in 
most of the above places. 

A complete German translation in prose is by J. von Hammer, 
Tubingen, a.d. 1812, also another in verse by Rosen weig, loc. cit. 
The English translation with notes and commentary is by H. "Wilber- 
force Clark, two vols., London, a.d. 1891. Selected pieces have been 
translated into Latin (only the first ode) by Meninski, Vienna, 
a.d. 1680, and the first sixteen odes by Revisky, in Specimina Poeseos 
Persicse, Vienna, a.d. 1771 ; into German, by Wahl, in Neue 
Arabische Anthologie, p. 46 sq., Leipzig, a.d. 1791 ; Nesselmann, 
Berlin, a.d. 1865; Bodenstedt, ib., a.d. 1877; into English, by 
J. Richardson, London, a.d. 1774; J. Nott, a.d. 1787; "W. Ouseley, 
in Persian Miscellanies, London, a.d. 1795 ; J. H. Hindley, a.d. 1800; 
S. Robinson, a.d. 1875; H. Bicknell, a.d. 1875; W. H. Lowe, 
Cambridge, a.d. 1878 ; etc. See Ethe (I.O. Cat.), loc. cit. 



107. 

Kulliyyat-i 'Urfl. 

Eols. 348 ; lOf in. by 6| in. ; 15 lines in double columns, each 
4^ in. long ; clear Nasta'liq ; illuminated 'unwdns and frontispieces 
from some more ancient MS. have been pasted on at the com- 
mencement of the three parts into which the book is divided ; 
plain leather binding; the first part is dated a.h. 1065 (a.d. 1655), 
but the owner's inscription on the second part is dated a.h. 1063 
(a.d. 1652). 

The collected works of the celebrated poet Sayyid Muhammad 
Jamal al-Dln " 'Urfi " Shirazi, who came to India, a.h. 994 
(a.d. 1586), first proceeded to the Deccan, where he soon entered 
into the service of Hakim Maslh al-Dln Abu al-Eath Jilani, but 
subsequently, on the death of his patron, a.h. 997 (a.d. 1589), he 
went to seek his fortune at Agra. Here he soon rose in the favour 
of the Khan-i Khanan, Mirza 'Abd al-Rahim (the son of Bairam 
Khan, who had been Akbar's regent), who had translated from Turki 
into Persian the Memoirs of Babar (see No. 76), and died at the age 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 93 

of 72, a.h. 1036 (a.d. 1627). 'TJrfi was brought into the notice of 
Akbar through the Khan-i Rhanan at Fathpiir-Slkrl. For some time 
he was an object of envy with a few of the Court poets. He died 
at an early age at Lahore, a.h. 999 (a.d. 1591), and the following 
chronogram of his death is quoted by Bada'unI in his history : 

The MS. is divided into seven parts. 

I. Ghazals, arranged alphabetically, beginning : 

L* .1^-jJ <ULji JuuJ ji J.S 4jLj L# jd\ Js\^>. £jSj +&,•+ &&s? 

II. On fol. 1423, ruba'ls, beginning: 

(*j^ji J" 1 *■— *"*■* V ***** tjfj (*J J ^ *^ ^«<iJ '-r'jV. 

III. On fol. 1613, the qasidahs, beginning: 

IV. On fol. 2545, the masnawl, styled Farhad-wa Shirin, begins : 

V. On fol. 270«, muqatta'dt, beginning : 

Ojj *,$.! ^Ai SJ^-*.^ job Jy a y p ^j j:*^ j! ^ ^L 
YI. On fol. 280$, the masnmoi, named " Majma' al-Abkar," begins: 

(In Sprenger, p. 529, this masnawl is wrongly styled SjJi\ u/..s:'*, 
which is the title of Nizami's poem, see No. 102.) 

VII. On fol. 3225, the maJctub, which was composed during illness, 
begins : '^\ _ &y j\ j*e\=>- yJ*) (•^-.ii'^U^ jU^l 

Cf. for 'TJrfi and his works, Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, pp. 667, 788 
and 845; Bodl. Cat., 1051-1054 and 1991; Ethe (I.O. Cat.) 
1451-1463; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), pp. 112, 113, 528, and 529 
Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), pp. 901-905, 62 (3), 64 (8c), 65 (11), 74 (3) 
79 (3), 696 (3), and 701 (40) ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 592 
Rosen (Persian MSS.), pp. 261-263; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 36 
Blochmann (A'in-i Akbari), i, pp. 569-571 ; Haj. Khal., iii, p. 295 



94 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

iv, pp. 253-254; vi, p. 596; J. C. Jouberg, p. 110; etc. An English 
translation of selected qasldahs was published at Calcutta, a.h. 1304 
(a.d. 1887). For the commentaries and editions see below. 



108. 

Sharh-i Qasa'id-i 'Urfl. 

Fols. 109; 8|in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines, each 2 \ in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'llq ; bound in plain leather ; probably copied in the 
twelfth century of the Hijrah. 

An anonymous commentary upon the difficult lines in the qamVd 
of 'Urfl (see above). 
The qasidah begins : 

<&£*.' Jul (^Uj i_-^-.^- i J J y~ j& Jb & 

The commentary begins : 
d\ _ I^-wj! ^J^ &J\»a\ jjbj L_-*-S^j £y*t j& J}) li»W* J^jVj J J^ ?^ 

Other commentaries upon the Qasldahs are : by Mirza Jan (com- 
pleted in a h. 1073, a.d. 1662-1663, and styled cu&N — lai*) ; by 
"Munir" (probably MullaAbu al-Barakat "Munir" Lahuri,d. a.h. 1054, 
a.d. 1644, the author of a luIju2w«) ; by Qutb al-Dm (a.h. 1101, 
a.d. 1689-1690) ; and by Raju'ulwi (completed a.h. 1111, a.d. 1699- 
1700, and styled ,<^i ^li A&)- For description of the above see 
Eieu, ii, p. 668S ; Bodl. Cat., 1054; Sprenger, pp. 529-530. In 
Fliigel, i, pp. 594, 595, there are notices of five Turki commentaries 
on selected Qasldahs and Muqatta'at. The Qasldahs have been 
printed at Calcutta with Ahmad b. 'Abd al-Rahlm's commentary 
(described also in Sprenger, p. 530). The Lucknow edition of the 
Qasldahs with a few Muqatta'at and Tarji'bands, bears no date, but 
a Diwan with comments upon the Qasldahs was published at tbe 
same place in a.h. 1297 (a.d. 1880). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 95 

109. 

Masnawl-i Ni'mat Khan-i 'All. 

Fols. 109 ; 9 J in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each. 
1 J in. long ; written in fair Nasta'llq, in the same handwriting as the 
Waqai' Haidarabad ; bound in plain leather ; not dated. 

A collection of short stories of a mystical and didactic character, 
written in verse in the form of a masnawl, by the same Ni'mat Khan-i 
'All (see No. 82), beginning : 

Cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, pp. 703a and 7963 (xii) ; Bodl. Cat., 
1157 (4) and 1161; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1659 (6); Sprenger (Oude 
Cat.), p. 329 (top) ; etc. 

110. 

BIwan-i Wahshat. 

Fols. 73; 9 in. by 4fin.; 17 lines in two central columns, each 
l^in. long; written in Nasta'liq-shikastah-amiz, on fine brown paper ; 
not dated. 

The collected ghazals of Shaikh 'Abd al- Wahid Thanisari, who 
claimed his descent from the celebrated Imam Grhazall. He flourished 
during the reign of 'Alamgir, and poetically styled himself "Wahshat." 

The gh azals, which are in alphabetical. order, begin: 

Cf. Beale, Orient. Biogr. Diet., p. 4133; etc. 

111. 

Dlwan-i Sab it. 

Fols. 148; 8iin. by 5^ in. ; 12 lines in two central columns, each 
If in. long; written in clear small Nasta'liq, on thin paper ; bound in 
plain leather ; probably copied in the twelfth century a.h. 



96 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

The collected poems of Sayyid Muhammad Afzal al-DIn, poetically 
styled, " Sabit," of Dehli, who was a man of great learning, and died 
at the city of his birth, a.h. 1151 (a.d. 1738). His uncle, Mir 'Isa, 
better known as Himmat Khan, was for some time Mir BakhshI under 
the Emperor 'Alamgir. According to the copy described by Rieu 
(B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 709, these poems were collected after the poet's 
death by his pupil Banda-i 'All. 

Contents. 

I. The qasldahs and marsiyyahs, fol. lb, beginning: 

II. The ghazals, in alphabetical order, fol. 915, beginning : 

III. The rubd l ls, fol. \40a, beginning: 

IV. The qit'ahs, fol. 141«, beginning : 

Jjj < ^JOJ Jb ^-a>; J-dii^iiJ jUilj ^^ l^^-j /»t)Jj i— i-a- 

Y. The muMmmmas, fol. 144<z, beginning : 

Cf. Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 578 ; Rieu (loc. cit.). 

112. 

Tuhfa-i Bailawiyyah. 

Fols. 242; 8f in. by 5^in. ; 14 lines in double rows, each If in. 
long ; written in Nasta'liq ; bound in gilt-stamped leather. 

A selection from the poets, compiled by Tari-Chand, at the request 
of, and named after, Colonel John Baillie. The author states in the 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 97 

introduction that this work is based on that of Sultan Muhammad 
Shah Safawi (see No. 86), and, referring to his patron, he adds that 
Colonel Baillie composed poems under the nom deplume "John." 

The present copy, which most probably is the original, is divided 
into 90 samrahs or sections. The samrahs, which are arranged 
according to subjects, contain short selections from the poets upon the 
same subjects. 

Begins : 

Sprenger, in his Oude Catalogue, p. 164, has described a copy of this 
MS. made in a.h. 1224 (a.d. 1810). 

113. 

* dlxs'* ,U-i^ 

Ash'ar-i Mukhtalif. 

Fols. 28 ; 8f in. by 7i in. ; written in Nasta'liq on one side only ; 
thin white paper ; red cloth covers ; not dated. 

Contains short selections from miscellaneous poems. A few of the 
gh azals. etc., are in "Urdu. The most favoured poet seems to be Wall 
(see his Diwan described elsewhere), who was the first to attempt to 
write a Diwan in the Urdu language. The name of the person who 
selected the fragments is not given. 

Begins with a rlTchtah of Wall : 

IX. MUSIC. 
114. 

Taswlrat-i Kag-mala. 

Fols. 34; 10^ in. by 7f in. ; bound in highly-gilt stamped leather ; 
injured ; probably a work of the twelfth century a.h. 

7 



98 



BAILLIE COLLECTION. 



An album illuminated by thirty-four groups of figures in gouache 
painting in a variety of colours, attitudes, and surroundings, repre- 
senting conventional symbols of Rags and Raginls (the well-known 
personifications of Indian pitches) : {_ $t>~V\ 



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L.Cl.X* 


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L.^S 


iii 




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L-&$ HI 




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iii 


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(Gujari-Ragini). 
( Ramkali - RaginI ) .' 
. .-^ i ^&^> (Gunakali-Ragini). 
. j,fl, ILj (Bangali-Ragini). 
eiS^i ilfi>J05»jJ (Dewagandhara-Ragini). 
_f\j J.JuJfc (Hindol-Rag). 
X»^* e o \. ^l^J (Bihas-Ragini -Meg-Malar). 
, ^uS'i . <Hg£Lsj (Wisakha-Ragini). 
^Ij (C^jjt* (Malsiri-RaginI). - 
. . <j£\jj£ (Gura-Ragini). 6 
^1, ig'jJJ (Lalith-Ragini). 



1^ (jwj£!U (Malkos-Rag). 
iS^^j i~£;_j^ (Asawari-RaginI). 
. Jil, ,_$%£-.• (Sukaii-Ragini)l 

• s J ^^b ^J!^i (Bilawrl-Raginl). 

• lS^ L> '- s0 y (Todl-Ragini). 
-S^ ^sjsyiCi (Deogari-Ragini). 

U-/K l— x»jJ (Dlpaka-Rag). 



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■c^i (Kaukab-Raginl). 

jilj fi J'^L^-i (Kanhyawati-Ragini). 

-i i. ^.sa^Aj (Padamanjari-Ragini). 

. _iSi . l£;j (Bangali-Ragini).. 

. ^Ilj U&jpo (Kanrha-RaginI). 



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PEESIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 



99 



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,<iii i i^Sjy (Grauri-Ragini). 
(Jetsiri-Ragini). 
. j£\j \j\st (Kidara-RaginI). 
^iSi, ±j.~i\j\ (Anasirl-Ragini). L Fc . V 



. ^ii 1^ (jj^-^ (Kalayana-Ragini). 

. ^1. ^ (Sohni-Ragini). 

t£&\j \j\y (Urana-Ragini). 

<J^\j \j$£»^ (Bisakhra-Raginl). 



.P-t7l 









X. ELEGANT COMPOSITION AND PROVERBS. 
115. 

Daqa'iq al-Insha'. 

Pols. 157; 10 in. by 7iin. ; 15 lines, each 3fin. long; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah-aniTz, with headings in red; bound in plain 
leather; dated, a.h. 1204 (a.d. 1789). 

This important work, which deals with the subtilties of style in 
tbe composition of both prose and poetry, was compiled, a.h. 1145 
(a.d. 1732-1733), by Ranjhur-Das (also called Ranchiir-Das), son of 
Ranjit-Rai, a Kayath of Jaunpur. In the preface the author quotes 
tbe following antborities from whom he gathered material for his 
work : — 



(1) 

(2) 



__ju£Ji ,&.~i O By Abu al-Barakat Nisbapurl. 



•Ii 



)1\ yiili. By JanI Mahmud b. Shaikh Muhammad Jllani 



(who also compiled 9 \jLj1i\ JaV*.*). 
(3) y \jLJ>i\ ^J'w\j By Amir Khusrau Dihlawi (see his Dlwan 
described elsewhere). 



100 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

(4) HJ\x'i , By the same. 

(5) cuUj . By Mulla Jam! (see his Kulliyyat). 

(6) ULiVxJj By Aman-allah Husaini (d. a.h. 1044 or 1046, 

ad. 1634-1635, 1636-1 637, who compiled ^UolpU. ^IAjI). 

(7) ^j\xjj By 'Abd al-Wasi' Jaball (d. a.h. 555, a.d. 1160). 

(8) euleij By Qasim Kahl (d. a.h. 988, a.d. 1580). 

(9) culli^ By Mulla Tughra, (who died about the end of the 

Emperor Shahjahan's reign, a.h. 1077, a.d. 1666, leaving 
a Kulliyyat). 

(10) cJl-LtL^* By Mulla, Zuhurl (d. a.h. 1025, a.d. 1616, who 

jointly with Malik Qnmml compiled jj*m%3 C_>us). 

(11) CL>\jJL^» By Naslrai Hamadani (circd a.h. 1015, a.d. 1606). 

(12) ^s-^l^j By Shaikh Muhammad Salih (the author of the 

'Amal-i Salih or Shahjahan-namah, see No. 81). 

(13) CU UA^# By Chandarabhan Brahmin " (see this work described 

elsewhere). 

(14) C^lLio^ By Mulla. Abu al - Barakat "Munir" Lahuri 

(d. a.h. 1054, a.d. 1644). 

(15) cU>l-Ll^ By Mirza Mu'izz Fitrat (d. a.h. 1106, a.d. 1694). 

(16) cyLulu** By Muhammad Khalil (poetically styled ' Sahib," 

circd a.ji. 1100, a.d. 1688). 

(17) (jiuta^liJi' By Nawazish Khan. 

(18) *lajM JcU- By Mulla Jam! (see above). 

(19-22) CLi\xij By Mulla. Muhammad Muhsin Zu al-Qadar and 
three others. 

The work is divided after the preface into a muqaddimah or 
introduction and eight daqlqahs or chapters, with numerous fasls or 
subdivisions : — 

Muqaddimah. Fol. 5a: ^1 ,»L*J1. *l*Ul ^Lj . J 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 101 

Daqiqah I. Fol. 75, in three fasls : 

(1) Fol. 75 (_$,». &>* J^.jA 

(2) Fol. 8a *±~k]j£ ^T ^La^-i.^ ^Sf* (-J/*- t^Ael ^L-J jt> 

(3) Fol. 93 jj^b *U^ ^Wj^ 

Daqiqah II. Fol. 12a, in ten fasls : 

(1) Fol. 12a JjtJujd ^T c^I^j ^^ <-Jjj»- us-****" uW J^ 

(2) Fol. 26a v**^ CLi\l5J rj^j^ 

(3) Fol. 315 chilli uu-wJ iJ~!jA 

(4) Fol. 335 iUK^l-JjJ 

(5) Fol. 36a cylj! ^V«[ t-Jjjr*- uWj J 

(6) Fol. 415 Jxi^L^J 

(7) Fol. 43a J<uK d Lj ; J 

(8) Fol. 465 kli-H tsJ^J (jUjjJ 

(9) Fol. 475 ^ s-w/w ^Wj J 

(10) Fol. 49a J£ ^yijo *-r*-^/« ^iJ uWj J 

Daqiqah III. Fol. 495, in two fasls : 

(1) Fol. 495 JaJ aK^-jJO ji> 

(2) Fol. 655 ^i3 ^jije^jJ 

Daqiqah IV. Fol. 705, in two fasls : 

(1) Fol. 705 fK Jrtd *UJ ^Lj jd 

(2) Fol. 725 . . + 1$ ^j^ (here written *Ujb!) *\JL»\ ^W J J 
Daqiqah V. Fol. 745, in two fasls : 

(1) Fol. 745 J^^d^j***. w Ljjd 

(2) Fol. 755 J£ l5 -5 ; U u j**»» tjjljjiS 

Daqiqah VI. Fol. 1165, <fc-~s«l> JlcuS ^Lj .J, in two fasls: 

(1) Fol. 1165 Jr^iL* J^ty ^U j J 

(2) Fol. 1205 ^^* Aslji-j* 



102 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 



Daqiqah VII. Fol. 122 5, in three fasls: 



(1) Fol. 1225 {J zs^ \^ t_>bT 

(2) Fol. 124* sjb\u* L_?bT 



J 







(3) Fol. 1255 ^jjj c-jbT^J 

Daqlqah VIII. Fol. 128a, ciAjL^j C^U~ik^ .J, in twenty-one 
fasls, alphabetically arranged, on fols. 128a, 1343, 136*, 136a, 
1375, 138a, 1425, 143*, 143a, 1445, 146*, 146a, 1475, 148a, 
148a, 1505, 1525, 155a (the rubrics from three fasls are 
absent). Each fasl is arranged in alphabetical order according 

to the second letter, e.g. i_jLH J,«<aj _ u_flJi ij-Lsj- < aJi J.«ai 

ir\ _ *L> *»-i-5>- . The last daqiqah is based, as is stated, on 
the Farhang-i Jahanglri (by Jamal al-Dln Hasan Inju b. Fakhr 
al-DIn Hasan Shlrazi, d. a.h. 1030, a.d. 1621). 
The preface begins : 

Cf. Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 1403; Bodl. Cat., 1403; Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 2120, 2121, and 2945. 

116. 

J ami' al-TamsIl. 

Fols. 189; 12f in. by 8-J in. ; 21 lines, each 5 in. long; written in 
excellent JSTasta'liq, on dark -brown thick paper; dated, a.h. 1226 
(a.d. 1810). 

A collection of proverbs arranged in alphabetical order according to 
the first letter of each proverb ; thus there are as many chapters as 
there are letters in the alphabet. Their origin and use are also 
explained, and illustrated by means of short historical anecdotes. 
Texts from the Quran and poetical quotations are also introduced 
towards the end. 

This is one of the most celebrated works of the author, Muhammad 
All Jabalwardi (c/^jjju**" ic" 2 '*■*•£?', see his name very distinctly 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 103 

written, fol. \b, 1. 12). This name is of the same type as Suhrawarcll, 
etc. In all other collections he is, however, called Jabalrudi, and in 
the Berlin Catalogue his work has the title of (J^jUoJi ^_^*L5>- . 
It was written, a.h. 1054 (a.d. 1644), during the reign of Sultan 
'Abd-allah Qutb-Shah, at Haidarabad, in the Deccan. The circum- 
stances which led the author to compile this work, which is the first 
of its kind written in Persian, are mentioned in the preface. He 
writes that while present on an occasion in the assembly of learned 
persons, including ^y^ &^,.s" , who in other catalogues is called 
Muhammad al-Khatiin, the Shaikh. al-Islam, a discussion arose on the 
proverbs, and someone in the company remarked that while there 
were elaborate works to be found containing collected proverbs in 
Arabic, and that one had been recently written during the reign of 
Shah- 'Abbas Safawl on proverbs in Turk!, there was none of a similar 
description for Persian proverbs. It was partly this hint and partly 
because he had written a much smaller work called JLi-*^ ^-sr 1 
before, a.h. 1049 (a.d. 1639-1640), he at once undertook to enlarge it. 
Begins : 

Cf. Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 7735 ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 325; 
Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2209. This work has been printed at Teheran in 
a.h. 1278 (a.d. 1861). Other copies are noticed in Melanges Asiatiques, 
v, p. 522 ; and Behatsek, Cat. raisonne, No. 22, p. 223. 



XL TALES AND KOMANCES. 

117 Lc-twi 

J+t*Jj\ .6.F..&1IST3 Anv 

Anwar-i Suhaili. 

Pp. 889; 12 in. by 7-f-in. ; clear Nasta'llq; lithographed for the 
Bombay Native Education Society, Bombay, a.h. 1244 (a.d. 1828). 

A fine complete copy of the translation in Persian of Kalilah and 
Dimnah. 

Eor details see MS. described elsewhere. 



104 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

118. 

Alf Lailah. 

Fols. 325 ; 10 in. by 6^ in. ; 15 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'llq ; bears the signature in English of C. G. Gladwin ; 
not dated ; most probably the MS. is the original copy. 

The Alf Lailah (on the flyleaf it is styled l_^-1 t_X> jiU-fc 4-Aj), 
or the " One Thousand and One Nights" in Persian, translated from 
the original Arabic (see Nos. 58-59), with the omission of the verses, 
by Abu al-Q,asim b. Muhammad 'All Simnani Sasa.nl, at the desire of 
Mr. Gladwin, the well-known Persian and Urdu scholar. 

The introduction begins : 

For Arabic version see above, Nos. 58-59, and below, No. 169, etc. 

,,(m^, 119: 

Jawami' al-Hikayat-u Lawami' al-Riwayat. 

Fols. 380; 13 in. by 8iin. ; 20 lines, each 5 in. long; written in 
good Naskh ; illuminated frontispieces and gold - ruled margins ; 
illustrated with 30 miniatures ; bound in plain leather; dated 
a.h. 842-843 (a.d. 1439-1440). 

A celebrated collection of historical tales and anecdotes, by 
Maulana Nur al-Din Muhammad 'Aufi, also known as Sadr al-Din, 
or Jamal al-Din 'Aufi, who compiled also one of the earliest biography 
of poets, called the Lubab al-Albab (see Sprenger, Oude Cat., pp. 1-6, 
and Bland, Journal of the Koyal Asiatic Society, ix, p. 112 sq.). 
'Aufi was a native of Merv, when it was the capital of Persia 
under the Saljuq monarchs. When Nizam al-Mulk Qiwam al-Din 
Muhammad b. Abl Sa'd al-Junaidl, the Wazlr of Sultan Abu 
al-Muzaffar Shams al-Din Iltamish of Dehli, laid siege and captured 
the fortress of Bhakar, a.h. 625 (a.d. 1227), in which Sultan Nasir 
al-Din Qubachah had taken refuge, 'Aufi was present and soon taken 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 105 

into favour. 'AufI completed the present work in the same year and 
dedicated it to the Wazir. 

The Jawami' al-Hikayat consists of four qisms or parts, each of 
which is subdivided into five and twenty bubs or chapters : 

Qism I, on fol. lb, jl^Juyl i^yao- L^jjx^jii (The Knowledge of 
the Creator), beginning : 

(For the bdbs of this and other qisms see complete index at 
the end.) 

Qism II, on fol. 2035, *Z*>j* j~~>j &S-*>- jL>J ^jUj .0 (Good 
Morals and Qualities), beginning : 

Qism III, on fol. 2865, ^^ju^ J^>~\ ijL-j j4 (Bad Conduct and 
Qualities), beginning : 

Qism IV, on fol. 342, Ju jjU ^ ^LsT t-^J Ls £ jjLs J\y=J a l-J ^J 
^Ij.-ij cuUi^-=- ^_jLI?j (Cosmographical and other general 
subjects), beginning : 

^' — L^~i> l^XJ Ss-\ fa ' L -C<Xm* (jwL^jj &A.2*. 

Cf. Haj. Khal., ii, p. 510; Elliot, Hist, of India, ii, p. 155 sq. ; 
Ouseley's Travels, iii, p. 728 ; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 7493 sq. ; 
Bodl. Cat., 324-331 ; Flugel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 410; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 
600-604 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), pp. 56-57 ; etc. 



120. 

* i ** ■■ 

Qissa-i Chahar Darwish. 

Fols. 105; 8-f-in. by 6 in. ; written in ordinary Nasta'llq ; bears the 
name of Nawwab Ahmad 'All Khan Bahadur Zulfuqar Khan written 
in English ; not dated. 



106 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

The story of King Azad Bakhsh, his son Bakhtiyar, and the four 
Darwishes. It is written in florid style with verses interspersed. 
The work is commonly ascribed to the most celebrated Persian poet of 
India, Amir Khusrau of Dehli (d. a.h. 725, a.d. 1324, see his Dlwan). 
The present copy has at the end an extensive vocabulary of the difficult 
words occurring in the text. The tales of the four Darwlshes begin 
respectively on fols. 4b, 22b, 71a, and 835. The Urdu translation is 
called the Bagh-u Bahar (see Supplement). 

The introduction begins : 

Cf. Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 762 ; Bodl. Cat., 443 ; Eastwick, 
translation of the Ba gh -u Bahar, Hertford, a.d. 1852 (preface, p. vii); 
Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), p. 32 ; etc. It is to be noted that in the 
Bagh-u Bahar, the order of the Darwishes is changed — the third has 
become second and the second third. For Indian editions of the 
Bagh-u Bahar see Supplement. 

The work has been lithographed at Bombay, a.h. 1295 (a.d. 1877). 

121-122. 

Bahar-i Danish. 

Fols. 418 ; two vols. 

Vol. I : fols. 239 ; 8H in. by 6 in. ; written in fair Easta'llq, with 
headings in red ; bound in stamped leather ; not dated. 

Vol. II: fols. 179; 9| in. by 6| in. ; written in clear Nasta'liq, 
with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; copied at DanapQr, 
a.h. 1203 (a.h. 1788), by 'Azlm Khan. 

Though the two volumes are not uniform in size, etc., the second is 
a continuation of the first and contains an index to it. 

The work is a romance of Jahandar- Sultan and Bahrawar-Banu, 
told by means of a number of amusing tales. It was compiled by 
Shaikh 'Inayat-allah of Dehli (d. a.h. 1082, a.d. 1671). There are 
two prefaces to the work ; the first is by Muhammad Salih, the author's 
younger brother and pupil, and author of the 'Amal-i Salih, a very 
large and detailed history of Shahjahan's reign (see No. 81). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 107 

In the second preface (fol. 7b) the author praises the Emperor 
Shahjahan, during whose reign this work, which is based upon 
a Hindu tale, was completed (according to the first preface), 
a.h. 1061 (a.d. 1651). 

The first preface begins : 

The author's introduction begins : 



i 



\ _ <uklj i_-J U^ipL 



Copies of this work are noticed in Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 7655, 
and iii, p. 10935; Bodl. Cat., 466-472; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 806-817 ; 
Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), pp. 999-1000 ; Stewart's Descriptive Cat., 
p. 84; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 54; Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), 
p. 32 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), pp. 399-402. Editions of the text were 
published at Calcutta, a.h. 1224 and 1252 (a.d. 1809 and 1836) ; 
Dehll, a.h. 1266 (a.d. 1849), Lucknow (with no date); and Bombay, 
a.h. 1293 (a.d. 1876), described elsewhere. It has been translated 
into English by Alexander Dow, London, a.d. 1768, and by Jonathan 
Scott, in three vols., Shrewsbury, a.d. 1799, and the latter version 
rendered into German by A. H. Hartinann, Leipzig, a.d. 1 802. A poetical 
version in Persian was made by Hasan 'All, poetically named 
" 'Izzat," and dedicated to Tippu-Sahib, the Sultan of Mysore. 



XII. GRAMMAR. 

123. 

*\&\ 
Al-Kifayah. 

Eols. 51; 10g in. by 6 in. ; 21 lines, each 3Jin. long; written in 
good JSTasta'iiq ; all Arabic words have vowels added ; bound in plain 
leather ; scribe, Mir Qahr al-Din al-MusawI ; dated a.h. 1223 
(a.d. U 



An anonymous treatise in Persian on nouns in the Arabic grammar. 
It is based, with numerous additions, on ^il-i (most probably the 



108 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

Shafiyah, a work on etymology and orthography, which was written 
to serve as a supplement to his Kafiyah, by Ibn Hajib, d. a.h. 646, 
a.d. 1248, see above Nos. 32-33). The Kifayah is divided into four 
qisms or chapters : — 

Qism I. Fol. 2a, in 5 bdbs (sections) and 16 fash (subsections) : 

Qism II. Fol. 6a, in 27 bdbs and 28 fash: <JLj\j\t~z~ ,il . 

Qism III. Fol. 3 6 J, in 5 bdbs and 21 fash : i_^_Aj Ac .J . 

Qism IV. Fol. 40a, in 6 bdbs and 34 fash : <j^\Qa~> .0 . 
The introduction begins : 

e^~*S :1 \. *lc <uJJs a£ c^-sl jiLsr* ij*?- ^ 1*1 ... . J^-sr* 

For the Shafiyah see Haj. Khal., iv, p. 1 ; Dorn (St. Petersb. Cat.), 
p. 154 sq. ; etc. It has been printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1220 
(a.d. 1805) ; and with glosses at Lucknow, a.h. 1266 (a.d. 1849). 

XIII. FARMANS AND OFFICIAL LETTERS. 
124. 

Farm an. 

Fol. 1 ; 42 \ in. by 28 in. ; written in excellent large Nasta'llq on 
thick gilded paper, which is pasted on silver-printed red cloth ; bears 
a large seal in black ink of the Emperor Akbar II, containing the 
names of his royal ancestors in the Timurid line, and a large royal 
tu gh ra' or monogram in gold and red colour on the top. 

This is the original MS. of a farmdn or royal order of the Emperor 
Abu al-Nasr Mu'in al-Din Muhammad Akbar-Shah II (d. at the 
age of about 80 years, after a reign of nearly thirty-two years, 
28th Jumada II, a.h. 1253, 28th September, a.d. 1837, at Dehli), 
conferring upon Colonel John Baillie (see preface), British Resident at 
the Court of Oudh, the three titles of " 'Imad al-Daulah, Afzal 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 109 

al-Mulk Bahadur, Arslan Jang." The farman was issued on the 
2nd of Sha'ban, a.h. 1222 (5th October, a.d. 1807), in the first year 
of that Emperor's reign. 

The wording of the farman is as follows : — 

+».\j* jjS) ^LaJXJUJ &.Ss-£> jl>\<s ^U S$\) c^.cU?^ i jj-Ij " 

ujCLll J«iil *J.;>1\ dUe c_jlkisr U Juj ^U- ut-j\v«M jjS ^U- 
j^^ JJN, JLuW Jj J^JIt, ^Ufl ^ l-^t ^IL^ jislfj 

t^jJ ^^j^ jw'^_j tLC«a iltX-^Li ^Jk-jj-i A_£joU *_» tij^rJ jlj**-^ij 
(&&-) .^fcX^il^sj- j\->j£ »JLjb1 w-*<fcs»-j .^jJUjJlc i_?|/-^^ j^Juxiili 

i_^-AU.j!j f Jb\+stj \ JX** ««XjJki-uuJ c-jl-JiJ'j &&}\Js-J t__A_k.j>- ^_. »1 
_ UUJJ IJ J J^ ^— "dj ij—i&s* ^/WaJUi IC-tX**"! -»»!-?- :' *£j 

125. 

Farman. 

Fol. 1 ; 27^ in. by 17 in. ; written in good Nasta'llq on one side 
only ; richly illuminated with gold ; bears on the back three seals 
respectively of Prince Mirza Muhammad Jahangir, Muhammad 'All 
Khan (Mu'azzam al-Daulah), and Muhkim-Singh ; written in the 
hand of the last-named person, who held the post of Wdqi'a-nawts or 
recorder. 

It is another original MS. of a farman, upon the same subject as 
above, but bears the name of Shahzadah Mirza Muhammad Jahangir 
on the top, and it was issued on the 19th Sha'ban, a.h. 1222 
(22nd October, a.d. 1807), the first year of the reign of the same 
Akbar-Shah II. This farman, in addition to the three titles mentioned 



110 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

in the preceding one, confers upon Colonel Baillie the mansab or 
dignity of a commander of 4,000 horse, along with the gifts of a palkl 
or litter with hangings, standard, and drum. 

The following account relating to Prince Jahanglr is given in 
Beale's Oriental Biographical Dictionary (London, a.d. 1894), p. 191J : 

" Jahanglr Mirza (S\y j£j\$s>-), the eldest son of Akbar-Shah II, 
King of Dehli. — He was, in consequence of having fired a pistol at 
Mr. Seton, the Besident at Dehli, sent as a State prisoner to 
Allahabad, where he resided in the garden at Sultan Khusro for 
several years, and died there in a.d. 1821, a.h. 1236, aged 31 years; 
a salute of 31 guns was fired from the ramparts of the fort of 
Allahabad at the time of his burial. He was at first interred in the 
same garden, and subsequently his remains were transferred to Dehli 
and buried in the courtyard of the Mausoleum of Nizam-uddin 
Aulia." 

It is to be remembered that the Prince was only 17 years of age 
when the present farman was issued, and he had then probably been 
living as an exile at Allahabad. 

Begins : 

• e"^ i-j\jj «_£^L£j diLjjJ x\*j$* 1 ^jUa^ t^rpk ' rrr ^-^ cMV* 

126. 

Khatt. 
Fol. 1; 13 in. by 6|-in. ; written in Nasta'lTq-shikastah-amiz, in 
two columns ; much soiled. 

An inscription in English on the back states that this letter of 
the Nawwab (Mir Ja'far of Bengal) to Lord Clive was given by the 
latter to a Mr. William Hanbury, who gave it to Mr. J. T. Samuell 
a.d. 1762. The substance of the letter, however, does not show 
that it was sent by the Nawwab. The probability is that it was 
written by Omi-chand (whose proper name was Amir-Chand), and 
contains an appeal from the banker for the payment of his claims. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. Ill 

127. 

Naql-i Khutut-i Sahib-i Kalan. 

Fols. 248; 14-f-in. by 9 in. ; 21 lines, eacb 6 in. long; written in 
Nasta'llq-shikastah-aailz ; bound in stamped leather ; slightly soiled 
by damp. 

This volume contains a collection of eight hundred and sixty-nine 
letters, dispatches, etc., which were sent to the Nawwab Wazir al- 
Mumalik Sa'adat 'All Khan of Oudh by Colonel John Baillie, British 
Resident at Lucknow (see preface), between the 2nd Jumada I, 
a.h. 1222 (9th July, a.d. 1807), and the 28th Zulhijjah, a.h. 1224 
(4th February, a.d. 1810). 

Sa'adat 'All Khan, who is better known by his name than surname 
of Yamin al-Daulah, assumed the reins of the government of Oudh on 
the dethronement of his elder brother Asif al-Daulah's son, Wazir 
'All Khan. He died after a reign of seventeen lunar years on the 
22nd Rajab, a.h. 1229 (11 th July, a.d. 1814). 

The contents of these letters are miscellaneous and deal with the 
affairs of the Subah of Oudh. 

For replies to some of these letters see the correspondence below. 

The first letter begins : 

J\ _ \jj\ uJ/Jl U&\ Jj^ 



128. 

Naql-i Shuqqajat-i Janab-i 'Ali-i Muta'ali. 

Fols. 381 ; 14fin. by 9 in. ; 21 lines, each 6^ in. long ; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah-amTz ; bound in stamped leather. 

This is another collection containing seven hundred and seventy-six 
letters, which were sent by the same Nawwab Wazir al - Mamalik 
Sa'adat All Khan to Colonel John Baillie, between the 12th Jumada I, 
a.h. 1222 (19th July, a.d. 1807), and the 28th Zulhijjah, a.h. 1224 
(4th February, a.d. 1810). 



112 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

The contents of these letters are miscellaneous. They consist 
mostly of replies to the enquiries of the British Eesident regarding 
the affairs of the Subah of Ouclh, under the administration of the 
Nawwab-Wazirs. 

The first letter begins : 






Or^ 



129. 

Naql-i Khutut. 

Fols. 55; 14f in. by 9 in. ; 21-24 lines, each 6^ in. long; written 
in Shikastah-Nasta'liq ; bound in red kharwa cloth. 

Of the ninety-five letters contained in this MS., 37 were sent 
to the same Nawwab-Wazir-Sa'adat 'All Khan, between July 28th, 
a.d. 1808, and June 18th, a.d. 1814, by the three Governors-General : 
Sir George Barlow (1). 
Lord Minto (26). 
Lord Moira (10). 
Further, there are copies of ten letters addressed to the Governors- 
General by the Blgams of Oudh. The remaining forty-eight letters 
contain dispatches from the Nawwab - Wazir to the Governors- 
General (44) and Colonel John Baillie (4). 

The subject-matter of these letters is briefly as follows : — 
i. Affairs of exchange and octroi. 

ii. Compliments which were paid on the occasions of appoint- 
ments, promotions, victories, recovery of health, etc. 
iii. Lists of rewards and presents. 
iv. An account of the expedition undertaken by the British 

against the French possessions in Java. 
v. Affairs of Husain 'All Khan, etc. 
vi. References to General Hewat's dispatches, 
vii. Dispatch of troops for the suppression of minor disturbances, 
viii. Affairs of the Blgams and their wards. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 113 

ix. Exploits and escape of dacoits across the boundary between the 
territory of the E.I. Company and the Nawwab-Wazir's 
dominions. 
x. Revenue settlement of lands. 
xi. Allusions to Dr. George Campbell, the surgeon who attended 

the Nfawwab- Wazir, etc. 
Tbe first letter begins : 
all..* * ,^-Ls 'Sjl a£ J,t ^ jLi l*\ss? \^.Vb\ J^^jUj J*jLlb 

130. 

JK w—U k^ J.A3 
Naql-i Khutiit-i Sahib-i Kalan. 

Fols. 462 ; 14|-in. by 9 in. ; 21 lines, each 6 in. long; written in 
Nasta'llq-shikastah-amiz ; bound in stamped leather ; slightly stained 
by damp. 

Another large collection of one thousand four hundred and eighty- 
eight letters, which were originally sent to the same Nawwab-Wazlr 
by Colonel Baillie between the 1st Muharram, a.h. 1225 (6th February, 
a.d. 1810), and the 28th Zulhijjah, a.h. 1227 (2nd January, a.d. 1813). 

The contents of these letters relate mostly to the subjects mentioned 
in the previous collections. 

For replies to some of these letters see correspondence described 
below. 

The first letter begins : 

A-U+xjx,* _y S\=- i^U^j i ^s-Lj <JL> y .jl_ft> J..3 S :\ [ ^^>- Uyj i J 

Ui\ _ X<\*~3jd±y jLj AJ i^liyiL* Ax* *.U»XiUj */jX-» 

131. 

\\xz* JUs <— *Ls«- CuUs*^ Ja3 
Naql-i Shuqqajat i Janab-i 'Ali-i Muta'ali. 
Fols. 439 ; 14-J-in. by 9 in. ; 21 lines, each 6^ in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah-amiz ; bound in stamped leather. 

8 



114 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

Another and larger collection of letters ; these were sent hy the same 
Nawwab-Wazlr to Colonel John Baillie between the 1st Muharrani, 
a.h. 1225 (6th February, a.d. 1810), and the 24th Zulhijjah, 
a.h. 1227 (9th December, a.d. 1812). 

Like the preceding letters, these deal also with the affairs of the 
Subah of Oudh. 

The first letter begins : 



132. 

Naql-i Shuqqajat-u Khutut. 

Fols. 76 ; 10 in. by 6f in. ; 14 lines, each 3f in. long ; written in 
good Shikastah-Nasta'liq ; bound in red ~khurwa cloth. 

These are copies of thirty-four letters. The first, dated 28th 
December, a.d. 1810, was sent by Lord Minto, the Governor-General, 
to the same Nawwab-Wazir al-Mamalik. It referred to the disturbed 
state of the mahattat (districts) of Partabgarh and Sultanpur, for the 
pacification of which the assistance of the English troops had often 
been sought. Some other matters are also touched upon in the 
letter, e.g., the collection of the land revenue from the landholders, 
the revenue settlement, the administration of the Jagir of Almas 'All 
Khan, etc. 

The second letter is a reply from the _N"awwab, and is written on 
the left half column, while the eight principal clauses of the Governor- 
General's letter are inserted for immediate reference on the right side. 
The third letter contains a detailed reply of Colonel John Baillie to 
the second letter. This is followed by two proclamations issued by 
the Nawwab-Wazir : 

i. To the Zamindars, intimating the new form of revenue 

settlement, 
ii. To the Amins, describing in detail the various duties attached 
to them. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 115 

The rest of the letters, which passed between the Nawwab-Wazir 
and Colonel Baillie, deal chiefly with the above-mentioned matters, 
and also contain references to the rebellion of Aman- Singh and the 
proposed sacking of his garhl (small fortress) at Qayampur. 

The last letter is dated 1st Jumada I, a.h. 1227 (10th May, 
a.d. 1812). 

Lord Minto's first letter begins : 



'J>\ — L^-.«s! HJ^\ J^xJ *J1^} J)t iJ^"^-} **** u r ; ^'/ i 



133. 

Naql-i Khutut-i Sahib-i Kalan. 

Fols. 136 ; 1 If in. by 9 in. ; 21 lines, each 4^ in. long ; written in 
Shikastah-Nasta'liq ; bound in red khdrwd cloth. 

This is a collection of five hundred letters, etc., which were sent to 
the same Nawwab-Wazir Sa'adat 'All Khan between the 1st Muharram, 
a.h. 1228 (5th January, a.d. 1813), and the 1st Eajab, a.h. 1229 
(10th July, a.d. 1814), by Colonel John Baillie. 

The majority of these letters refer to matters mentioned in 
dispatches received from other English officials, and deal with various 
topics connected with the administration of the country, virtually 
Hindustan. 

The subjects of the letters are briefly as follows : — 
Revenue, judicial, and criminal affairs. 
Suppression of dacoits and rebels. 
Jail, octroi, and police affairs. 
Description of forts, and the payment, transport, and equipment 

of troops. 
Price of grain. 
Receptions and presents. 
Traffic and merchandise. 
Pensions and awards, etc. 



116 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

The following are names of some of the officials from whom 
Colonel Baillie received reports and reported their substances to the 
Nawwab-Wazir : — 

Lieutenant-Colonel Birrel (Chatarpur). 

Mr. Wilson, Magistrate (Shahjahanpiir). 

Mr. Reid, Magistrate (Farrukhabad). 

Major Richardson (Sultimpur). 

Mr. Ealeigh, Magistrate (Cawnpore). 

Sir Edward Colebrook, Resident at the Court of Scindhia. 

Major Lane (Chatarpur). 

Mr. Strachey, Political Department, Calcutta. 

Colonel Fraser (Sakrura). 

Mr. Russell, Resident at Haidarabad. 

Major Clark (Bundelkhand). 

Captain Campbell (Farrukhabad). 

Colonel Hudson, Colonel Edwards, Captains Brooke, Taylor, 
Grant, Adams, Blackie, Todd, Grant, Messrs. Rutherford, 
MacMahon, Dr. Law, and others. 
The following are the names of a few of the principal places where 
the East India Company's officials were stationed, dispatches from 
whom are mentioned in this MS. : Agra, 'Aligarh, Allahabad, Bahra'ich, 
Bahramghat, Bardwan, Bareilly, Bundelkhand, Cawnpore, Dehli, 
Etawah, Farrukhabad, Gorakhpur, Jaunpur, Khairnagar, Lucknow, 
Mirzapur, Partabgarh, Sakrura, Shahjahanpiir, Sultanpfir, etc. 
The first letter begins : 



134. 

Naql-i Shuqqajat-i Janab-i 'Ali-i Muta'alL 

Fols. 156; 14|in. by 9 in. ; 21 lines, each 6iin. long; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah ; bound in red leharwa cloth. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 117 

This is another collection of four hundred and twenty letters and 
dispatches, which weTe sent originally by the same Nawwab-Wazir 
Sa'adat 'All Khan to Colonel Baillie between the 1st Muharram, 
a.h. 1228 (5th February, a.d. 1813), and the 20th Rajab, a.h. 1229 
(9th July, a.i). 1814). 

These letters, like the preceding ones, deal largely with the affairs 
of the Subah of Oudh, and their subject-matter may be roughly 
summarised as follows : — 

Dispatch of troops for the suppression of minor disturbances. 

Affairs of the zamindart, irrigation, etc. 

Presents and rewards. 

Judicial affairs, which predominate all through. 

Current prices of grain, etc. 

Affairs of the ta'alluqddrl. 

A complete list of allowances paid to the Mahalls or Princesses of 

Paizabad. 
Decision of the case of the Jagir of Shams al-Msa' Bigam. 
Commerce, etc. 
Terms of the treaty between the Governor-General and the 

Nawwab-Wazir. 
Dacoits. 

Revenue settlement. 

A descriptive record of the appeal in the case at Benares between 
Durga-Parshad and Audan and other defendants, as sub- 
mitted by the Judge, containing the evidence of the wit- 
nesses, etc. 
Account of the personal allowance and Jagir of Nawwab Bahu. 

Bigam. 
Account of evidence in the appeal case at Bareilly, submitted by 

the officer stationed there. 
A list of the English officials and others who attended a reception 
given in their honour. 
The first letter begins : 

'J\ _ te-jy* j^*- **-* ^^ iJ-i. <*Sj-?^ 



118 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

135. 

Naql-i Khutfit. 

Fols. 36; 14£in. by 9 in. ; 22 lines, each 6^ in. long; written in 
Shikastah-Nasta'liq ; bound in red khariod cloth. 

This correspondence was carried on between the 2nd Sh'aban, 
a.h. 1229 (20th July, a.d. 1814), and the 15th Zulhijjah, a.h. 1230 
(18th November, a.d. 1815), between the Governor-General and the 
Nawwab-Wazir Ghazi al-Dln Haidar Khan. This Nawwab was 
installed as Nawwab-Wazir on the death of his father, Sa'adat 
'All Khan, on the 22nd Rajab, a.h. 1229 (1st August, a.d. 1814). 
Five years later, with the full consent of the British, he assumed 
regal dignity, on the 18th Zulhijjah, a.h. 1234 (9th October, 
a.d. 1819), and died at the age of 58, on tbe 27th Rabi' I, a.h. 1243 
(19th October, a.d. 1827). Tbe contents consist of three parts: the 
first part contains copies of letters received by the Nawwab-Wazir, 
and the other two parts of communications received by the Governor- 
General. 

The subjects of the three parts may be classified roughly thus : — 
I. Fols. 1-18: 

Condolence on the death of the Nawwab' s father. 

Enquiry after health, etc. 

The arrival of the Blgams, Najm al-Nisa, and others at 
Allahabad, etc. 

The salary of the troops, etc. 

The appointment, etc., of Mir Ghulani 'All Khan and Dr. Wilson. 

The discussion and subsequent confirmation of the Nawwab- 
Wazir' s rights and authority. 

LI. Fols. 20-25 : 

Compliments, etc. 

Lists of articles of clothing, etc., sent to the Bigams through the 

Governor-General. 
Affairs of Muhammad Tahsln 'All Khan, etc. 
Reception, etc. 
Purchase of Arab horses, etc. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 119 

III. Fols. 26-35 : 

Lists of eatables sent by the Eawwab-Wazir to the Governor- 
General. 
Copy of the petition presented by ISTawwab Mahdi 'All Khan in 
regard to his affairs, etc. 
The first letter begins : 

'J\ — iXt-l ^\>-j2£\s* U_£-L*!l L )«dJ\ <dj±)\ jU,£ 

136. 

Naql-i Khutut-i Sahib-i Kalan. 

Fols. 122 ; H|in. by 9 in. ; 21 lines, each 4i in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah ; bound in red Jcharwa cloth. 

This MS. contains two hundred and twenty letters, etc., which 
were sent by Colonel John Baillie between the 24th Rajab, a.h. 1229 
(14th July, a.d. 1814), and the 7th Rajab, a.h. 1230 (16th June, 
a.d. 1815), to the same Nawwab-Wazir GhazI al-Din Haidar Khan 
Bahadur. 

The subjects treated in these letters are more or less similar to 
those of the other MSS. described above. In addition they contain an 
account of the war with the Rajah of Nepal and of the battle fought 
at Shahghat, and a detailed civil list of the Nawwab of Faizabad. 

The first letter begins : 

b J.J&U ^J>y>- jjsr* ^s. l-As^ ^\JS> i^j* d-*- 5 

137. 

Naql-i Shuqqajat-i Janab-i 'All-i Muta'ali. 

Fols. 60; 14| in. by 9 in. ; 21 lines, each 6^ in. long; written in 
Nasta'llq-shikastah ; slightly soiled. 




120 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

This is another collection of letters and dispatches which were 
sent by His Majesty Ghazi al-DIn Haidar, the first King of Oudh, 
from after his accession to the throne, to Colonel John Baillie, between 
the 23rd Rajab, a.h. 1229 (30th July, a.d. 1814), and the 25th 
Zulhijjah, a.h. 1230 (28th November, a.d. 1815). 

These letters, like the preceding ones, deal largely with the 
administration of the Kingdom of Oudh. 

The first dispatch begins : 

138. 

Naql-i Khutut-i Sahib-i Kalan. 

Fols. 48 ; 14f in. by 9 in. ; 21 lines, each 6^ in. long; written in 
Nasta'llq-shikastah ; slightly soiled. 

These are copies of another collection of letters which were sent 
to the same GbazI al-DIn Haidar, the King of Oudh, by Colonel John 
Baillie, between the 7th Rajab, a.h. 1230 (16th June, a.d. 1815), 
and the 7th Raruazan, a.h. 1230 (12th September, a.d. 1815). This 
collection is incomplete at the end. 

The first letter begins : 



XIV. DICTIONARY. 



139-140. 

Al- Surah min al-Sahah. 



y^rovvK Ys\^..^'t 



Pp. 1395; 12±in. by 9 in. ; Naskh ; printed at Calcutta, 
a.h. 1227-1230 (a.d. 1812-1815); two vols. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 121 

A dictionary of Arabic words explained in Persian, being a translation 
(completed, a.h. 681, a.d. 1282) of the famous Arabic dictionary- 
entitled _ls*^-M (the Sahah of Abu Nasr Isma'U b. Hammad 
Jauhari, d. a.h. 398, a.d. 1007), by Abu al-Fazl Muhammad b. 'Umar 
b. Khalid, commonly called " Jamal al-Qurashi." 

The present work was revised and corrected, according to the 
authority of the Qamus (see Nos. 63-64), the Shams al-'Uluru, the 
Diwan al-Adab, and other lexicons of equal celebrity, by Maulawls 
Darwlsh 'All, Jan 'All, 'Abd al-Rahim, and Hasan 'All. 

Begins : 

Edited Lucknow, a.h. 1289 (a.d. 1810). 

Cf. Haj. Khal., iv, 102 ; LeydenCat., i, p. 101 ; Eieu(B.M.A. Cat.), 
pp. 227, 467, and P. Cat., ii, p. 507«; Stewart's Descriptive Cat., 
P-133; etc. ^ _- ^ 



Yr. XM' 



141. 

Muntakhab al-Lughat-i Shahjahanl. 

Pols. 366 ; 8 J in. by 5f in. ; 20 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; bears 
signature of C. Gladwin ; probably copied in the twelfth century of 
the Hi j rah. 

A well-known dictionary of Arabic words explained in Persian. 
It was compiled, according to the chronogram ' J J ..> c^sO-i^," 
a.h. 1046 (a.d. 1636-1637), and dedicated to the Emperor Shahjahan, 
by 'Abd al-Rashid b. 'Abd al-G_hafur al-Husaini al-Madani al-Tatawi 
(still alive, a.h. 1069, a.d. 1659). The following reliable authorities 
for this work are quoted by the author at the end : — 

The Qamus (see Nos. 63-64), the Sahah (see Nos. 139-140), and the 
Taj al-Asami-u Taj al-Masadir (here written^, jL<3«*J^ -_^U^ _i^), 
see above (No. 61). 

The dictionary, which even now is extremely popular in the East, 
contains only those words which are most common in use. All words 
beginning from the same letter are alphabetically arranged in reference 



122 



BAILLIE COLLECTION. 



to their last letter, and in its present form it is divided after the 
preface and dedication as follows : — 



Fol. 65 

62a 

745 

92a 

945 

105b 

1215 

1325 

139a 

1425 

155a 

162« 

179a 

192« 

Begins : 



\ 


(a) 


SJ 


(b) 


o 


(t) 


o 


(§) 


Z 


(h) 

(kh) 


j 


(d) 


J 


(?) 


j 


(r) 


J 


(z) 


o^ 


(s) 


uP 


(sh) 



u° 



(?) 



Fol. 204a 
2095 
2195 
221a 
2485 
2585 
2735 
2925 
300a 
306« 
334a 
348a 
3575 
365a 



ifiJ ^t^xJ^ ^La^l ^J ,_^i ^0 JJ to tJ^b <-_£'L» (w-l-w-.-^ (ji-J.ta 



e 



\_ 



u^ 


(?) 


L, 


(t) 


1* 


(?) 


c 


o 


i 


tgh) 


i s 


(f) 


J 


(q) 


t_T(k) 


J 


(1) 


r 


(m) 


cJ 


(n) 


J 


(w) 


2 


(h) 


o 


(y) 



jlj^tJ 



>U 



Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 510; Bodl. Cat., 1672-1673; Ethe 
(1.0. Cat.), 2398-2403 ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 200 ; Browne 
(Camb. Cat.), pp. 242-243; Stewart's Descriptive Cat., p. 135; etc. 
It has been printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1223, 1232, 1252 (a.d. 1808, 
1816, 1836); Lucknow, a.h. 1251, 1262, 1286 (a.d. 1835, 1845, 
1869). Lithographed at Bombay, a.h. 1279 (a.d. 1862), and 
Haidarabad, a.h. 1305 (a.d. 1887). 

142-143. 

Haft Qulzum. 

Pp. 1547; 16 in. by 11^ in. ; medium JNaskh ; printed at 
Lucknow, a.h. 1237 (a.d. 1822); seven parts bound in two vols.; 
the royal crest is printed on the top of every page. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 123 

A dictionary and grammar of the Persian language, by His Majesty 
Abu al-Zafar Mu'izz al-Dm Shah-i Zaman GhazI al-DIn Haidar, the 
first King of Oudb (d. a.h. 1243, a.d. 1827), see No. 135. 

Begins : 



XV. AGRICULTURE. 
144. 

Risala-i Zira'at. 

Fols. 19; 8|in. by 5f in. ; 12-15 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq, with headings in red ink ; bears the seal of James Graham, 
a.h. 1200 (a.d. 1785). 

A short treatise on agriculture. In the introduction the author, 
who does not wish to disclose his name, states that he undertook the 
work at the desire of some person unnamed, and at the time of 
writing he was reduced to extreme poverty, so much so that he 
could not afford to obtain proper paper to write upon. Further, he 
laments the state of misgovernment into which his country has fallen, 
and attributes it to the appointment of princes to various provinces, 
who, entrusting their duties to the hands of untrustworthy persons, 
neglect their own responsibilities, and have brought about the decay. 

This work is divided into nine sections, and the references are 
chiefly to the affairs of Bengal proper. 
i. The soil and its varieties, 
ii. The crops, 
iii. Ryots or cultivators. 
iv. Method of employing labourers. 
v. Sources of revenue, 
vi. Expenses in country districts, 
vii. Mofussil (country districts). 
viii. Rules binding upon tenants. 
ix. Customs of the N&zims or administrators of former times. 



124 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

Begins : 
(jIuaJIc ^L^js-Ltf ^Lsii -f* <j;\j jJ j~x-* '■f i "yy> L_^Xi ^s^j j\ 

XVI. WAR. 
145. 

^uio ^^^ jy~i£ 

Dastur-i Jahan Gusha'i. 

Pols. 169; 8fin. by 5 in. ; 15 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
fair Nasta'llq ; bears an 'ars-didah ; much, damaged by insects ; the 
binding retains traces of gilt, but is much injured ; not dated ; copied 
probably towards the close of Shahjahan's reign. 

The author is Khair-allah, whose fatber, as is stated in the book, 
served as Sipahsalar (commander) in Shahjahan's army. The 
subject dealt witb is the art of war, divided into twelve Jcillds (parts). 

1. Character sketch of the Jahandar and Sipahsalar. 

2. Expression of humility and submission to the Supreme Will, with 

prayer to the Almighty for help. 

3. Description of the honours paid to the Sardars and Sepoys on 

their departure to a campaign. 

4. The value and the functions of the Council and the duties and 

responsibilities of the men composing it. 

5. Regulations laid down for the recognition of the courage and 

services of the various ranks. 

6. 7. Appointment of men to posts in accordance with their social 

position and merits. 

8. The order of advance and the method of encampment. 

9. Division of the army into sections and the allotment of positions 

to these, with the distance separating them, and the time 
taken to cover it during battle. 
10. Regulations for the officers and men relating to the formation of 
columns and their extension in line. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 125 

11. Advice as to the equipment of the army, the hearing of arms, 

and the management of the engines of war, with other 
instructions for the officers and men, including the selection 
of positions for hattle. 

12. The correct etiquette to he observed in offering hattle, in the 

charge of the cavalry, and finally in victory. 
Begins : 

Jjs ^^s^Ls &>h) ^J>\ lA'.W 5 ij\-&l ^£ o"V ,j^>-\^\ j\ -\*j 

A. )\m &*X£. AJU) (J.^ JiLj C^SLdi C1^."3H»- iii._)l^«j ^1 Jutf r-C-i? 

There are works hearing the same title mentioned in a few 
catalogues, hut their subject-matter is entirely different. 



XVII. MS. OF MIXED CONTENTS. 
146. 

Bayaz-i " Khud-Badaulat." 

Fols. 103 ; 9 J in. by 6 in. ; written mostly in Nasta'llq ; bound in 
plain leather. 

A MS. containing miscellaneous selections made for Colonel John 
Baillie from numerous Arabic and Persian books, the latter pre- 
dominating. 

The contents are : 

I. Eol. la. Rules for the arrangement of the Arabic alphabet 

according to the numerical value of the letters from 
1 to 1000. 

II. Fol. 2a. Couplets, enumerating the 77 irregular forms of the 

feminine gender. 

III. Fols. 3a-9. Extract from the Hidayat al-Muslimln (a^j^i 

^^♦Luu^Jl), the twelfth dalil (subsection) of the first fasl 
(section) of bab (chapter) I. 



126 BAILLIE COLLECTION. 

IV. Fols. 10« and 63. A. few lines from the history of ' Al-Tabari ' 

(see No. 19). 

Y. Fol. 125. A tale from the Maj ma 'al-Mazahik (cL^s-Lid! ^.s^). 

VI Fols. 13#-27. Two tales in verse from the Khwan-i Ni'niat 
(^■aju J^) of Ni'mat Khan-i 'All (see No.. 82). 

VII. Fols. 28#-31. Four selections from the Sair al-Muta'a khkh irlu 

( .}.~>~'\'xai\ j*S). This work has been described elsewhere. 

VIII. Fol. 32«. Selections from the Tuzuk-i Timiiii (^j ^.-J' L- >\jj ') 

(see Nos. 75 and 196-199), the Majma' al-Ghara'ib 

(t -»3\.xSl x-a.^-*), a collection of wonders," a description 

of the lake lamam **s (see Rieu, BMP. Cat., ii, p. 742, 
IV ; etc.), by Mulla Tughra of Mashhad, who lived in 
India and died in Kashmir, a few years after the accession 
of 'Alamglr. 

IX. Fols. 33ff-41#. Extracts from the Hidayat al-Musalllm 

X. Fols. 44«-45. Selection from the Haft-Gulshan (^AlT LZ-~sJt>) 

(see No. 202). 

XI. Fols. 46«-47. A gha%al composed by Tsma'il 'Adil-Shah, and 

several other odds and ends. 

XII. Fol. 48a. Hikayat, from Shaikh Abu al-Fazl (see No. 78). 

XIII. Fols. 49«-55, 575-62. Selections from the Rauzat al-Ahbab 

(i A+>-]\ <k^y), described below (see No. 191). 

XIV. Fols. 56«-57. Lines from Farid al-Dln 'Attar (see Supplement) ; 

texts in praise of wine ; etc. 

XV. Fol. 625. Selection from the Wafiyah Cui\j), see above, 

No. 33. 

XVI. Fol. 64fl. Copy of a letter sent by the Sultan of Turkey to the 

Sharif of Meccah. 

XVII. Fols. 645-67. Verses composed by Mirza. Muhammad Nasir 

Hakim-Bashi K&rim Khan. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 



127 



XVIII. Fols. 68a-70. A nmkhammas or verse consisting of five lines, 
by Khalis of Astarabad (probably Sayyid Imtiyaz Khan, 
who came to India in 'AlamgTr's time, was appointed 
Governor of Gujarat, but was slain in Sindh, by Khuda, Yar 
Khan, a.h. 1122, a.d. 1710) and three others. 

XIX. Fols. 71-79. Lines in Arabic and Persian in praise of Colonel 

John Baillie. 

XX. Fols. 79-81. Verses with notes by the celebrated physician, 

philosopher, and scholar, Hakim Abu 'AIT al-Husain b. 'Abd- 
allah b. Sina (Avicenna), who died at Hamadan, at the age 
of fifty -four lunar years, a.h. 427 (a.d. 1037). 

XXI. Pols. 815-86. A qasldah with notes by Imru al-Q,ais b. Hajar 

b. Imri al-Q,andl. 

XXII. Pols. 865-87. A few lines by the great lawgivers of Islam. 

XXIII. Pols. 873-90. Selections in verse from Shaikh Sa'dl Shirazi 
(see above, Xo. 104). 

XXIV. Pols. 90-92. Prom the Akhlaq-i Jalall ( \l_^ vL^l) 
or to give its full title : Lawami'-al-Ishraq fi Makarim 
al-Akhlaq, a well-known work on ethics by Jalal al-Dln, 
Muhammad b. As'ad al-Siddiql al-DawanT, who died at the 
age of about seventy, a.h. 908 (a.d. 1502-1503). It was 
dedicated to Sultan Hasan Beg Bahadur, an Aqqoyunlu 
king, who reigned at 'Iraq, a.h. 872-882 (a.d. 1467-1477). 
The complete work has been lithographed at the Bajah 
Xawal - Kishor Press, Lucknow, a.h. 1283 and 1296 
(a.d. 1866 and 1878). English translation, by W. P. 
Thompson, was published in the Oriental Translation Fund, 
London, London, a.d. 1839. For MS. and details, see 
Rieu, ii, p. 442 sq. ; Bodl. Cat., 1298, I, and 145-1459, 
Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2183-2187; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 307; 
Mehren (Copenhagen Cat), p. 6; Aumer (Munich Cat.), 
p. 62 ; etc. See also Haj Khal., i, p. 202 ; v, p. 340. 

XXV. Fols. 925-99. Selected sayings in Arabic. 



128 BAILLIE COLLECTION I PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

XXVI. Fols. 995-103. Varia in poetry. 

XXVII. Fols. 104-106. A poem on the death of Majnun (see 
above, No. 57) and four satires of the poet Anwari (Auhad 
al-DIn), whose Qasidahs are well-known. He was a panegyrist 
of Sultan Sanjar, and died probably a.h. 585 or 587 
(a.d. 1189 or 1191). See Rieu, ii, p. 554 sq. ; etc. The 
poet's Diwan has been printed, Tabriz, a.h. 1260 (a.d. 1844) ; 
lithographed there six years later, and also at Lucknow, 
a.h. 1298 (a.d. If 



XXVIII. Fols. 1085-111. Copy of a preface to the Qawa'id 
al-Mantiqiyyah ( d^JLk^..^. J \ Jux.u.3), called also Kitab 
al-Q,utbI fi al-fannal-Mantiq (^la^^W ^aH ,J .j-JaA^ l-j^), 
by Mulla Qutb al-Dln. 



129 



II. 

MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 



A. ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 



I. THEOLOGY. 



{a) THE GOSPELS. 

147. 

Al-Arba'at Anajll al-Muqaddasah. 

Fols. 201; 5 in. by 4 in. ; 15 lines, each 2^-in. long; written in 
good rTaskh, with vowels ; headings in red ; bound in gilt-stamped 
leather ; not dated ; bears name of Geo. Sandrie. 

A treatise on the Evangelists — Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John — 
containing their Gospels. An index to the work is given at the 
beginning. It is stated on fol. 200a that the material for the treatise 
was gathered from old MSS. in the Syriac, Latin, Hebrew, and 
Arabic languages. 

The introduction begins : 

-J\ _ JL£!^ J^\ *Mj& Jj^ Jlsllj %~\\ } j <d!x^ 



(Skmdd-Zmng.) 

• 



(b) THE QURAN. 

148. 

Al-Q,uran al-Karim. 

Fols. 405; llfin. by 7f in. ; written in most excellent large 
Naskh, with vowels. The titles of the Surahs are in large characters 

9 



*_^_^- "_ 



,1*2>_C X, 



130 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

in gold; the first two pages are profusely illuminated in gilt and 
chiefly hlue colour ; richly illuminated throughout ; contains marks 
for sections, pauses, etc. ; the hinding bears the following numerous 
inscriptions illustrated in raised letters : — 

jj.^1 e^ i_£ij LaJLc U 511 LI ^U ^1 uXiLsa- " _ " dK 

Probably copied in the tenth century a.h. 

This very elegant MS. of the complete Quran,., from Tippu-Sahib's 
library, was presented to the University by the Court of Directors of 
the East India Company, a.d. 1805. Tippii was born a.h. 1165 
(a.d. 1749), succeeded his father, Haidar 'All, as Sultan of Mysore, 
a.h. 1197 (a.d. 1782), and was killed in the fourth Mysore war, 
while defending his city Seringapatam, against the British and 
their allies, the Nizam and the Marhattas, a.h. 1214 (a.d. 1799). 

(Court of Directors, E.I. Company.) 



149. 

Al-Quran al-Karim. 

Fols. 32 ; 1 If in. by 8 in. ; 37 lines, each 6\ in. long ; written in 
most excellent Naskh, with vowels ; the first two pages are very 
richly and superbly illuminated with gold; gold- lined round the 
margins throughout ; new margins have been pasted on ; the periods 
are gold-filled ; the binding is very artistic, with gold-lined stamps ; 
not dated ; probably a work of the ninth century a.h. 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 131 

This excellent MS. was presented to the Library by the donor upon 
his return to Britain after the memorable victory he obtained at 
Buxar on the 23rd October, a.d. 1764. 

This copy contains the whole of the Quran, each of the thirty parts 
occupying exactly two pages. 

( General Sir Hector Munro of Novar. ) 

150. 

Al-Q,uran al-Karlm. 

Fols. 355; 9 in. by 5^-in. ; 13 lines, each 3i in. long; written in 
good Naskh ; gold-lined round the pages and between the lines ; the 
first two pages richly illuminated in gold and colour ; each quarter of 
the thirty parts is marked with gold ; bound in gilt-stamped leather ; 
transcribed at the city of Kashmir, a.h. 1135 (a.d. 1722). 

Another beautiful and complete copy of the Quran. There are 
inscriptions in the margins in Persian indicating the endings of the 
Surahs. The text of the Quran is preceded and followed by a short 
treatise of six folios on Tajwld (s^ys^, or correct reading and 
reciting of the Quran), by a Sa'at-namah (<k»u CL-*.cLs, for 
consulting proper hours), and a Fal-namah (<L<lj jjli, of twelve 
folios, containing rules, etc., for taking omens from the Quran). 

{General Sir Hector Munro of JVbvar.) 

151. 

^\ Jjl\ 
Al-Q,uran al-Karlm. 

Fols. 231 ; 3-jVin. by 2 in. ; 17 lines, each liin. long; written in 
excellent microscopic Naskh, with vowels ; headings in red ; gold- 
lined round the pages ; the first two pages are richly illuminated in 
gold and colour ; bound in enamelled leather ; an old copy. 

An elegant and complete copy of the Quran in Arabic. Although 
written in extremely microscopic characters, it is quite legible. 

(E. M. Binning, I.C.S.) 



132 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

152. 

Al- Quran al-Karim. 

Fols. 287; 10 in. by 6iin. ; 15 lines, each. 3-J-in. long; written in 
Naskh, with vowels ; lines round the pages, headings of the Surahs, 
and periods are in bright red ; copied by Hasan b. Satilniish, 
a.h. 1067 (a.d. 1656). 

A complete copy of the Quran. In the headings of the Surahs the 
number of dyat or verses occurring in each is also given. On the 
last folio there is pasted a du'd or prayer, surrounded by gold lines, 
and written in the hand of the copyist. 

The following lines are written in Latin and Greek on the last page : 
"Purus putus Textus Integer Al-Corani, ut numero 654 adnotavit. 

thia X 64 / 3 ' ° Trav^Xwaffo 1 ! fiiopvaTaXws 7ro\v'i(nwp. 

{David Laing.) 

153. 

Fols. 83 ; 6 in. by 4 in. ; 11 lines, each 2 J in. long ; written in fair 
rTaskh, with vowels ; gold - lined round the pages ; frontispiece 
illuminated with gold ; bound in pretty gilt-stamped leather ; the 
periods are filled in with gold ; written by the same copyist as above. 

This copy consists of the following Surahs of the Quran: 1, 6, 36, 

44, 48, 55, 56, 67, and 78-114. On the last twenty folios there are 

some more chapters written irrespective of order, and mixed with 

these are quotations in Turkish (?) from Shaikh Muhyi al-Dln 

Muhammad b. 'All b. Muhammad al-'Arabi's (d. a.h. 638, a.d. 1240) 

commentary upon the Quran, vol. ii ; also a few prayers and some 

notes on the stature of the Prophet, etc. 

(David Laing.) 

154. 

Fols. 124 ; 8£ in. by 6|- in. ; 16 lines, each 4| in. long ; written in 

N/askh, with vowels added in red ink ; loose sheets in plain skin covers. 

A collection of a few Surahs of the Quran, beginning with the 

19th Surah, entitled " Al-Maryam " (Mary). 

(David Laing.) 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 133 

(c) COMMENTARY UPON THE QURAN. 

155. 

Anwar al-Tanzil wa Asrar al-Ta'wil. 

Fols. 462; llf in. by 8-f in. ; 29 lines, each 4f in. long ; written 
in good Naskh in small hand, with the text of the Quran in red ; 
frontispiece illuminated with gold; gold -lined round the pages 
throughout ; bound in gilt-stamped leather ; injured by damp and 
insects ; bears an 'arz-dldah and several obliterated inscriptions. Of 
these one is dated a.h. 992 (a.d. 1584), and another dated Burhanpur, 
a.h. 1030 (a.d. 1620), but the MS. is probably much older. 

Another complete copy of the well-known commentary upon the 
Quran of Al-Baidawi (Naslr al-Din Abd-allah b. 'Umar), see above 
(No. 1). 

The present copy, which begins like the first copy, has numerous 
notes transcribed on the margins. The names of the Surahs are written 
on the left top comer of each page. 

(Sir William Muir, K.C.S.L, D.C.L., etc.) 



II. TRADITIONS OF THE PROPHET. 
156. 

Al-Jami' al-Sahlh. 

Fols. 579 ; 9f in. by 6£ in. ; written in good small Naskh, on thin 
paper, with headings in large character in red ; gold-lined round the 
columns; four frontispieces (on fols. lb, 1365, 1495, and 3036), 
illuminated with gold; bears neither date nor name of the scribe, 
but it was copied by the same hand as the Jami' al-Eumuz, see 
below, No. 159 (by Muhammad b. Jalal al-Din al-Khurasanl, about 
the close of the eleventh century a.h.). 

This is another good copy, very carefully written and in splendid 
preservation, of the celebrated Collection of Traditions of Abu. 



134 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

'Abd-allah Muhammad b. Isma'il al-Bukhari, d. a.h. 256, a.d. 869 (see 

above, No. 4). There are microscopic marginal notes, in some parts 

very copiously written. The subdivisions of the work are all well 

marked on the margins, but there is no separate index. The text 

closely agrees with that of the first copy. 

{James Anderson.') 



157. 

Risalat Radd al-Ilhad. 

Fols. 31; 7 in. by 4| in. ; 11 lines, each 2|-in. long; -written in 
fair Naskh ; bound in paper covers ; not dated. 

A short treatise containing advice to some of the heretics, who 
lived in the time of Muhammad, the Prophet. These were collected 
from some books on Traditions, by Shaikh Niir al-Dln Muhammad. 

Begins : 



III. LAW. 
158. 

Al-Hidayah fi al-Furii'. 

Fols. 198; 10^ in. by 61 in. ; 11 lines, each 3| in. long; written 
in Shikastah-Nasta'llq, with headings in red, on pinkish paper ; 
numerous glosses, both marginal and interlinear. 

This is an incomplete copy of a well-known work on Muhammadan 
law according to the Hanafite school, by Sbaikh Burhan al-Dln 'All 
b. Abi Bakr al-Marghinanl, who was born at Margliinan (in 
Transoxania) a.h. 529 (a.d. 1135), and died a.h. 593 (a.d. 1197). 

In its present form the work is divided into the following kitabs or 
books with numerous labs and fasls or sections and subsections : — 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 



135 



. ^1 

See the Persian version of this work described below, Nos. 180-183. 

{James Anderson.') 



I. 


Fol. 


15 


II. 


}> 


215 


III. 


>) 


37a 


IV. 


>! 


44b 


Y. 


>) 


48a 


VI. 


»> 


575 


VII. 
7III. 


>> 


67a 
92a 


IX. 


>> 


1045 


X. 


}■> 


1125 


XI. 


)> 


148a 



159. 

J ami' al-Rumuz. 

Pols. 476 ; 101 in. by 6fin. ; 23 lines, eacb 4^in. long; written in 
beautiful small Naskh, on brownish paper, with headings in red ; 
coloured lines round the columns ; numerous marginal glosses ; 
scribe, Muhammad b. Jalal al-DIn al-Khurasani (see above, No. 156) ; 
bears an inscription (a.h. 1114, a.d. 1702) in Persian on the flyleaf. 

A complete commentary on the <L>JtX^ <Lljj (the Wiqayat al- 
Hidayah of 'Ubaid-allah b. Mahmucl b. Mahmud al-Mahbubi, entitled 
" Sadr al-Sharl'ah," who flourished in the seventh century of the 
Hijrah, see introduction, fol. 2a, and Haj. Khal., vi, p. 458) by 
Shams al-Din Muhammad Khurasan! Quhistani, who compiled it (see 
colophon) a.h. 941 (a.d. 1534), and died probably a.h. 950 (a.d. 1543). 

The work is divided into forty-nine kitabs or books subdivided into 
numerous fasls or chapters ; a full index is appended at the com- 
mencement. 



136 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Begins : 

^M — (j^lsill ,yLx* *laj ^ Uli a*j 1*1 *&=«-}!! 

Cf. Haj. Kbal., vi, p. 374; Aumer (Munich Cat.), 284; Leyclen 
Cat., iv, p. 121; Loth (1.0. Cat.), 237. Printed at Calcutta by 
Colonel "W. Nassau Lees. 

For the Wiqayah and other commentaries upon it see B.M.A. Cat., 
p. 1193, and Supplt, 285-287; Leyden Cat., iv, p. 120; De Slane 
(Paris Cat.), 905-906 ; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 319-328 ; Khed. Lib., iii, 
p. 148; Pertsch (Gotha Cat.), 1024. 

(James Anderson.) 



160. 

Tarjumat 'Aqldat Ahl al-Sunnah. 

Pols. 9 ; 7 in. by 4 J in. ; 11 lines, each 2-J in. long ; written in fair 
Naskh, in the same handwriting as the Risalat Eadd al-Ilhad (No. 157) ; 
paper covers ; not dated. 

A short treatise on advice to people, by Al-Imam Muhammad 
b. Muhammad al-Ghazall, entitled "Hujjat al-Islam Zain al-Din 
al-Tusi" (d. a.h. 505, a.d. 1111). 

Begins : 

h _ U>JjUJ JUill &+xd\ £&^\ &I1*aJ\ 



e?' 



IV. HISTORY. 
(a) GENERAL HISTORY. 

161. 

*J U \ .... ill j. 4JU! ,U1! 

Al-Asar al-Baqiyah 'an al-Qurun al-Khaliyah. 

Pols. 2.12 ; 12iin. by 7iin.; 21 lines, each 5iin. long; written in 
distinct Naskh ; headings are mostly in large Kufic character, in red 




(HS. ifc 

Wflt^KE, • '1ST- 6' (p- ?7 )- 

Havu^aaa^M' uA fiw^ ftguJ/h ^ £6*/^ 
— ' — ■ ) 

f3t. 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 137 

ink ; illuminated title-page ; twenty -jle-ur illustrations in gilt and . „ 
colour, not much dimmed ; pretty enamelled binding ; dated a.h. 707 ■ / R 
(a. d. 1307); copyist, Ibn al-Qtffrbl. VCvJ- u.^ 



,:/ 



\OI+ 



This valuable copy, -which is one of the oldest, is defective in this, „ 
^ihalfflve folios (97-101) are missiug. It treats of the chronology of R 
ancient nations and of their history. The author, Mubammad >/ 
b. Ahmad, who is better known as Abu al-Baihan al-Biruni al-^ v 
Khwarazmi (d. at the age of 78, a.h. 440, a.d. 1048), was a famous a. 
scholar and traveller. He flourished during the reigns of Sultan Gr R 
Mahmud and Mas'ud of Ghazni. His knowledge of Greek was very/ OD i? 
profound, as he not only translated several works from that language 
into Arabic, but also epitomised the Almajest of Ptolemy. He wrote 
a work on the history of Hindustan, and his Qanun-i Mas'udi was 
dedicated to and named after Sultan Mas'ud. 
Begins : 

. . . . Li^ .wx^yjjj j£y^ t) ^- c _j f* 8 *-^! ^=^j^ <UJ1*«*j 

For other MSS. see B.M.A. Cat., p. 2065, and Supplt., 457; De Slane 

(Paris Cat.), 1489; and Ahlwardt (Berlin Cat.), ii, 1525; etc. 

Edited by E. Sachau, Leipzig, a.d. 1878 ; English translation by the 

same, London, a.d. 1879. 

(E. M. Binning, l.C.S.) 



(b) HISTORY OF MUHAMMAD, THE COMPANIONS, AND THE 
KHALIFAHS. 

162. 

Tabaqat al-Kabir. 

Fols. 596 ; 12f in. by 8^ in. ; 27 lines, each 5 in. long ; written in 
small but clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red, on thin white 
paper ; copied from a MS. which was transcribed at Al-]Nasiriyyah 
College at Cairo (by Ahmad b. Ahmad b. al-Husain al-Hakari, a.h. 718, 
a.d. 1318). 



138 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

The first juz' or volume of the larger history of (Muhammad the 
Prophet and) the several classes of the Companions and their successors 
and Traditionists, by Abu Muhammad b. Sa'd, who was secretary 
to the celebrated Al-Waqidl, and was himself one of the earliest 
and most eminent historians. He died at Baghdad, at the age of 62, 
a.h. 230 (a.d, 844), when the work was still unfinished, but it was 
continued and brought down to a.h. 238 (a.d. 852) by his disciple, 
Abu 'All al-Husain b. Muhammad b. Pahm al-Baghdadi (d. a.h. 289, 
a.d. 901). 

The present volume contains a detailed life-history of the Prophet 
(Ms. lb-352), followed by notices of Al-Ashab, Al-Mahajiiin, and 
Al-Ansar (Companions, etc.). 

Like all the extant copies, our text belongs also to the recension of 
Abl 'Umar Muhammad b. al-'Abbas b. Muhammad b. Zakariyya 
b. Yahya b. Mu'ad Ibn Hayyuyah al-Khazzaz (d. a.h. 382, a.d. 992), 
who gave the present division to the work, and himself was 
a traditionist of great renown. 

Begins : 

?\ ^.jji u>j* *lji *-^un &\J.\ r sun r ui ^An u^u 

•J\ — <uLc 
Cf. for MSS. and description Bieu (B.M.A. Cat. Supplt.), 616 ; 
Khed. Lib., v, p. 81 (second volume) ; Pertsch (Cotha Cat.), iii, p. 331 
(for detailed contents of the Gotha MS., vide Wiistenfeld, Zeitschrift, 
iv, p. 187 sq.) ; see also Otto Loth in his " Classenbuch des Ibn Sad," 
Leipzig, a.d. 1869, and in his " TJrsprung und Bedeutung der 
Tabakat," Zeitschrift der Morg. Ges., xiii, p. 593 sq. 

{Sir William Muir, K.C.S.L, D.C.Z., etc.) 

163. 

Ta'rikh al-Khulafa' li-al-Suyuti. 

Pols. 203 ; lOiin. by 6f in. ; 19 lines, each 4iin. long; written in 
clear Nasta'llq, with headings in red; dated a.h. 1258 (a.d. 1842) ; 
copyist, Shaikh 'Abd al-Latlf b. Shaikh Muhammad b. Nasir. 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 139 

This is a history of the Khallfahs, by Jalal al-Dln Suyuti b. 'Abd 
al-Rahman b. Abi Bakr, who was a most prolific writer of Egypt, and 
died a.h. 911 (a.d. 1505), see his Tafsir al-Jalalain in the Supplement. 

Begins : 

^Lc aI^W, 8JLA\) \kxi &£)\} <Jy a_cj ^j&\ aJjl j^s- ^_*_jl_.*i 



«? 



Tor MSS. see B.M.A. Cat., pp. 15U, 5705, and Supplt., 483-486, 
606 ; Pertseh (Gotha Cat.), 1584; De Slane (Paris Cat.), 1609-1614 ; 
Khed. Lib., v, p. 22. It has been translated into English in the 
Bibliotheca Indica, Calcutta, a.h. 1299 (a.d. 1881), by Major H. S. 
Jarrett. Lithographed at Lahore, a.h. 1287 (a.d. 1870), and printed 
at Cairo, a.h. 1305 (a.d. 1887). 

{Sir William Muir, K.C.S.L, D.C.Z., etc.) 



164. 

Al-Adab al-Sultaniyyah w-al-Duwal al-Islamiyyah. 

Fols. 74 ; 4-§ in. by 3| in. ; 7 lines, each 3 in. long ; written in 
distinct Naskh ; bound in paper covers ; not dated. 

These are three short extracts from the uJjy' t_5>-^ J^^' ¥"'J^ 
(the Ta'rikh al-Duwal of Al-Fakhr al-Razi), by Al-Shaikh Abu al- 
Faraj 'Abd al-Bahman b. 'All al-JiizI (d. a.h. 577, a.d. 1181). It 
contains : 

1. Account of the great Khalifah Harun al-Bashid, the fifth of the 

race of 'Abbas, who died, after a reign of 23 years, on the 
3rd Jumada II, a.h. 193 (the 24th March, a.d. 809), 
fols. 1-16. 

2. The ministry of his "Wazir, Yahya b. Khalid al - Barmakl, 

fols. 16-33. 

3. Sketch of Al-Fadl b. Yahya al-Barmald, fols. 33-46. 

4. Account of Ja'far b. Yahya al-Barmaki, fols. 46-63. 

5. The fall of Banu Barmak, fols. 63-65. 



140 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

6. The causes of their fall, fols. 65-68. 

7. The murder of Ja'far b. Yahya, at the age of 28 years, on the 

1st Safar, a.h. 187 (the 29th January, a.d. 803). 

8. The ministry of Abu al-'Abbas al-Fadl b. al-Kabi'ah, fols. 72-74. 
Begins : 

{David Anderson.) 
165. 

Mukhtasar al-Duwal. 

Fols. 84 ; 4J in. by 3£ in. ; 7 lines, each 3 in. long ; written in 
clear Naskh ; paper covers ; not dated. 

Tbese are three short historical extracts relating to the death of the 
Khalifah al-Hadl and the accession of his son Harun al-Bashid, taken 
from the following works : — 

1. The history of Abu al-Faraj b. Harun al-Malitl, fols. 1-23. 

2. Al - Mukhtasar fi Akhbar al - Bashar of Prince Abu al - Fida, 

(d. a.h. 732, a.d. 1331), see Supplement. 

3. Ta'rikh al-Muslimin of George b. al-'Amid b. Ilyas b. Abi 

al-Makarim b. AbT al-Tayyib, fols. 1-37. 

In the last section the accessions of Harun' s sons, the famous 
Al-Ma'mun (who was proclaimed Khalifah on the 6th Safar, a.h. 198, 
the 6th October, A.n. 813, and died at the age of 48, on the 27th 
BabI' I, a.h. 218, 18th August, a.d. 833, after a reign of about 20 years) 
and Al-Auiln (who succeeded Harun on the 4th Jumada, a.h. 193, 
the 25th March, a.d. 809, and died after a reign of a little over 
four years, on the 6th Safar, a.h. 198, the 6th October, a.d. 813, at 
the age of 30 years), are also touched upon. 



.Begins : 

{David Anderson.) 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 141 

(e) HISTORY OF MAKKAH. 

166. 

Akhbaru Makkah. 

Pols. 165 ; 101- in. by 7 in. ; 25 lines, each 5 in. long ; written in 
small Naskh ; bound in plain leather ; soiled by damp and injured by 
insects; dated a.h. 890 (a.d. 1485). 

A history from the earliest times of Makkah (Mecca), the birth- 
place of Muhammad the Prophet. It was compiled by Al-Imam Abi 
al-Walid Muhammad b. Abd-allah b. Abi al-Walid Ahmad b. 
Muhammad b. al-Walid al-Ghassanl al-AzraqT al-Makki (d. a.h. 244, 
a.d. 858). 

From the present copy the first leaf is unfortunately missing, but 
for the title and date of transcription see fol. 89b and the colophon. 
On the flyleaf the following lines are written : 

^jJi JU kiUl (-JJIj JjJ\ jJJl gfi +\fl\ Us* t_A£ d } 

Akhbaru Makkah has been published, the text forming vol. i of 
"Wiistenf eld's Chroniken d. Stadt Mekka, Leipzig, a.d. 1858. See 
Pertsch (Grotha Cat.), 1705; Browne (Camb. Cat.), p. 3; see also 
Bieu (B.M.A. Cat. Supplt.), where a work (partly based upon the 
Akhbaru Makkah) by Sa'd al-DIn Sa'd-allah b. 'Umar b. Muhammad 
al-Isfara'inl, called JUi^l La\^~^ jUx. V\ Sio: (the Zubdat 
al-A'mal-u Khulasat al-Af 'al), is described. 

{Sir William Muir, K.G.S.L, D.C.L., etc.) 



142 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

V. BIOGRAPHY. 

167. 

Al-Hariri. 

Fols. 9 ; 7 in. by 4} in. ; 11 lines, each 2-| in. long ; written m fair 
Naskh, in the same handwriting as the Risalat Radd al-Ilhad ; bound 
in paper covers ; not dated. 

A short notice on the biography of Abu al-Qasim b. 'All b. 
Muhammad b. 'Usman al-Hariri, the author of the well-known 
Maqamahs (see above, Nos. 50-52), extracted from the Wafayat 
al-A'yan of the celebrated Ibn Khallikan (see above, Nos. 21-22). 

VI. GRAMMAR. 

168. 

Kalimah. fi al-I'rab. 

Fols. 39 ; 9£ in. by 7| in. ; written in Naskh ; soiled and 
incomplete ; bears the name of the owner, Sayyid Ahmad b. Sayyid 
Ahmad of the year a.h. 1212 (a.d. 1797). 

In its present form this work treats of analysis in grammar, and 
consists of two parts, both incomplete. The first part, fols. 1-5, is in 
verse with copious microscopic notes in prose ; the second, fols. 5-39, 
is entirely in prose, and begins : 

l_j JiJLs ^Lc *\mJ\\j AyLa'l. ^J^W »s^ *Ut*J ^» ^TY* <*-)._' Jk^sl 

The author of the second treatise is Al-'Allamah Abu 'Abd-allah 
Jamal al-Din Muhammad b. Yusuf b. Hisham al-Ansaii (d. a.h. 761, 
a.d. 1359), who wrote also the Mu gh nT al-Labib 'an Kutub al-A'arib 
(see above, No. 34). 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 143 

VII. TALES. 
169. 

Alf Lailah-u Lailah. 

Fols. 209; 8f-in. by 4|in. ; 15 lines, each 3%m. long; written in 
clear Naskh ; not dated. 

The MS. contains stories from the beginning of the "Arabian 
Nights " till the middle of the tale of Qamar al-Zaman, which is the 
97th Hikayah or tale in Macnaghten's edition (see Supplement), 
but the wording is very different. 

Begins : 

*_Lcl <Uulj JiJ . . . ^-JCUjuJ A_J_j j>*»~jjl\ ^AS-J) A-JJ^^uaJ 

•J\-^\J\^ . . . 

Cf. Nos. 58-59, 118, etc. 

(David Anderson.) 



VIII. ASTKONOMY. 
^ntT^i^^uU^^ 170. £tw- ft*> Iqfr 

■^ V* tlj* -V*i«r\ . r c^|tA, 



Sharh Tazkirat al-Tusi. 

Fols. 168; 9 in. by 7 in. ; 29 lines, each 3| in. long; written in 
small Naskh ; bound in paper covers ; contains numerous neat 
diagrams in colour; copied by Muhammad Haikal al-Daurl ; dated 
a.h. 1146 (a.d. 1733). 

A commentary on the Tazkirah, a treatise on the elements of 
Astronomy of the famous Khwajah Nasir al-DIn al-Tusi (d. a.h. 672, 
a.d. 1273, see Nos. 27, 95-96, ft 7, etc.), by Al-Sayyid al-Sharif al- 
Jurjani (d. a.h. 816, a.d. 1413), who, as it is stated in the colophon, 
compiled it in a.h. 811 (a.d. 1408). It is divided into four bubs 
(chapters) : 






144 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Bab I c^UjJUH \j* <UjjJiJ' ( sH«*-J 

„ II . . . . {# J^> Uj ^M J cuL&iM J 

„ III <^Wj £^ ^ 

„ IV jl*j|l_, A j^i ^ jl*. J 

Begins : 

See Haj. Khal., ii, 268; Bibliogr. Sprenger, 1844; Bodl. Cat., ii, 

293; Loth (I.O. Cat.), 746; etc. 

(David Anderson.) 

IX. DICTIONARY. 
171. 

Fols. 753; 11 in. by 7£in. ; written in small JSTaskh, mostly on 
half side of the pages ; probably this is the holograph copy. 

A dictionary of Arabic words with their explanations in Latin. At 
the beginning there are five pages of printed matter containing the 
preface. The title-page unfortunately is missing. The rest of the book 
is in manuscript, and looks as if it had never been completed in print. 
The author is Dr. Thomas Erpenius, the Dutch Oriental scholar, who 
was born a.d. 1584, and died a.d. 1624. His Arabic Grammar, 
often reprinted, has, almost to the commencement of the nineteenth 
century a.d., been one of the good elementary books in the West 
employed by students. 

On the flyleaf is found the following inscription in English : — 
"Sir John Chessley before the fight of Dunbar Anno 1650 gave 
this Arabic Dictionary with an ancient Greek copy of the 4 
Evangelists (which was brought from the Library of Alexandria 
in Egypt and supposed to be in the first century of the Church) to 
the Library of the College of Edinburgh. They lay without being- 
noticed till the year 1672 in theJ^w?«. At which tyme by the 
command of the Right Reverend Mr. William Colvill primare care 
was taken for the right placing of this MS. and binding and putting 

both in the Catalogue of the Library." 

(Sir John Chessley.) 



ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 145 

X. PRATERS AND CHARMS. 
172. 

Mukhtasar Kitab al-Hisn al-Hasin. 

Fols. 177; 3 in. by liin. ; 9 lines, each 1-rg-in. long; written in 
clear Naskh, in small handwriting, with headings in red ; illuminated 
frontispiece ; gilt-lined round the pages ; bound in gilt-stamped 
leather ; contained in a velvet bag ; not dated. 

A work on Muslim devotion, according to the tenets of the Sunnls. 
It is an abridgment of the Kitab al-Hisn al-Hasm of the celebrated 
theologian Shams al-Dln Abu al-Khair Muhammad b. Muhammad 
b. Muhammad b. al-Jazarl, who was born a.h. 751 (a.d. 1350) at 
Damascus, resided at BrQsa, and afterwards at Cairo, and died at 
Shiraz at the age of 82, a.h. 833 (a.d. 1429). He was a follower of 
the school of Al-Imam Shah 'I. 

The work begins : 

.... ^J^\ J^s — (*~^j i ^- s -' e 3 <^\j ^^^* ^ J £«*> ,5^ ^-^ J^j 

(David Laing.) 



173. 

Fols. 201 ; 7 in. by 4^- in. ; written in jSTaskh, on a variety of paper; 
a few folios are stained and injured. 

A collection of 201 loose sheets, on which are written, in the"" same 
handwriting, charms, Muslim prayers, and invocations. " 

These MSS. were found on the body of a Hansu soldier named [\-z 
Mama Bakano, who was killed at the siege of Kumasl, June 15th T 
a.d. 1900. 

They were given to Capt. Leland, "West African Frontier Force, by 
deceased's brother, who was also serving in the fort during the siege, 
and presented by Capt. Leland to the Library through Mr. Hope 
Findlay, W.S. 

(Capt. Leland.) 



146 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

174. 

Al-Salam w-al-Durud. 

Eols. 8 ; written in good Naskh, with vowels. 

A collection of fourteen different salutations and ninety-five 
blessings on Muhammad the Prophet. Only the last word is altered, 
otherwise the wording of the various sentences remains unchanged. 

Begins : 



$. 



<uJ\ ^J U i_CU JL 



XI. MISCELLANEOUS. 

175. 

Thirteen scraps of Arabic MSS., the largest measuring 11^ in. by 
8f in., and the smallest 7^- in. by 5 in. ; much injured and stained; 
written on vellum in brownish black. 

They exhibit the gradual development of Kufi into Naskhi 

characters. The following is the historical account attached to them : — 

" They are boldly written in black ink on vellum, the more ancient 

specimens having five and six lines on each page ; the more recent 

from six to nine lines; red and green marks or spots are scattered 

throughout the writing, and many of them are ornamented with 

gilding and colours. The more ancient of these MSS. were taken 

from the Mosque of Amer in Fostat ; the first founded in Egypt about 

the year 640 j.c, and many lay a fair claim to an antiquity as high as 

about 980 of j.c, as it appears from Syoothy (see Suyuti, No. ), in 

his annals of that Mosque, that 290 Mesaf were sent to it from the 

citadel in that year (a.h. 403). They were found there in the time of 

Moorad Bey, when he repaired and nearly rebuilt that mosque, prior 

to the invasion of the French. How much earlier a date they may 

claim it is impossible to say. The later MSS. were written about 

the period of the introduction of the jSlskhy character, and the whole 

collection exhibits the progress of the change." 

(David Laing.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 147 

B. PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

I. THEOLOGY. 
176. 

Injil-i Muqaddas. 

Fols. 190; 8 in. by 5|in. ; 15 lines, each 3^ in. long; gold and 
colour lined round the pages ; written' in good Nasta'llq, on thick 
paper ; the chapters and verses are all marked in red ; bound in plain 
leather ; transcribed at Akbarabad (Agra), a.h. 854 (a.d. 1450). 

This is an old MS. of the Persian translation of the four Gospels of 
Matthew, fol. 16 ; Mark, fol. 536 ; Luke, fol. 886 ; and John, fol. 1466. 
It is stated on the flyleaf in English that this translation differs from 
that inserted in Walton's Polyglot, but that it is very similar to the 
one published by Whelock, a.d. 1657. 

The heading to the first fasl or chapter runs : 

The first fasl begins : 

£\ _ xJ\j\j 
For the Arabic version of the Gospels, see above (No. 147). 

(David Laing.) 

177. 

Injil-i Muqaddas. 

Fols. 229; 8 J in. by 6 in. ; 15 lines, each 3 J in. long; written in 
fair Nasta'liq, with headings in red ink ; on thin glazed paper ; 
not dated. 



148 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

This is a Persian version of the New Testament (see above, No. 67). 
The introduction begins : 

^jUi' jj^JkS*. <L£ ^ t£^J -*W* j^***-* £> ^ ^L-J jJ> Jjjl J-2J 

178. 

'Aja'ib al-Tajwid, 

Pols. 33 ; 6J in. by 4 in. ; 9 lines, each 3 in. long ; written in clear 
Nasta'llq, with headings in red. 

A short treatise on the correct reading, reciting, etc., of the Quran. 
The subject is treated in nineteen bubs, and these are enumerated on 
Ms. 3a-4a. The author is Tbad-allah. 

Begins : 

(David Anderson.) 



179. vwUA;^ \U\ 

Tarjumat al-Shari'ah. 

Fols. 14 ; llf in. by 6£in. ; written in Nasta'liq ; paper covers; 
injured; dated a.h. 1084 (a.d. 1673) ; copyist, Taj al-Dinb. Khwajah 
Bazi al-Din Amir Mazandaranl. 

A translation in Persian of a treatise in Arabic on a few religious 
ceremonies, necessary to be performed by Muhammadans, called 
aJLiw, .u~i % <U*^j>- J'^*' (the A'mal Hasanah-u Sunan Sunniyyah). 
It is stated that this translation was made at the desire of Shah- 
' Abbas II, by his tutor, Mulla Muhsin b. Murtaza. 

Begins : 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 



149 



II. LAW. 



180. 

Fatawi-i 'Alamgiri (Kitab-i Janayat). 

Fols. 80; 9f in. by 6 in.; 17 lines, each 3fin. long; written in 
Nasta'liq, in small handwriting, with headings in red; bound in 
silver-stamped leather ; not dated. 

This is a detached part of the Fatawi-i 'Alamgirl. It is incomplete 
both at the beginning and end, and contains numerous notes scribbled 
in English on the margins. On the flyleaf it is stated in the hand of 
the donor that the work was translated into English, a.d. 1773. 

The Fatawi-i 'Alamgirl, it is to be noted, is an extensive and 
highly esteemed work of legal decisions by doctors of the Hanafl 
school. It was originally compiled in Arabic by the order of the 
Emperor 'Alanigir, and was begun, a.h. 1067 (a.d. 1656), by Shaikh 
Nizam and other Indian jurists. It was translated into Persian by 
the order of Zib al-Nisa' Bigum, daughter of 'Alamgir, by Q,azi 
Muhammad Najm al-Dln Khan, who had also compiled a work on 
legal punishments. 

In its present form it contains the following hubs or chapters : — 



Bab III 



IV 

V 

VI 

VII 



u° 



US 



KXjS 



A-j ,t> Folio \a 



j^S> *iA>ji 



(which is numbered page 17). 
Folio 3b. 



^ U?>f- jo^» 



^Lj ,j 



JjJ Cl^jlg-i ^W j^ 



U 



>) 1^3 t 



U 



.,\-J 



VIII ^\& A-jJ ^Lj .J 

IX 



X 

XI 
XII 



ctf" 






.Is 



-}J ] > 



:J 



>Ls 



&y. oV. "^T t)^;^ '■— "i^^T uW.j 



jIc 






13a. 
21a. 

275. 
38a. 
46a. 
49a. 

in. 



150 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Begins : 

For MSS. of the Arabic work see Eieu (B.M.A. Cat. and Supplt.), 
299-300; Loth (1.0. Cat.), 275; see also to&^\ ^.IsilL Khed. 
Library, iii, p. 93. The Arabic original has been printed at Calcutta, 
a.h. 1243 (a.d. 1827), and Bulaq, a.h. 1282 (a.d. 1865). For 
a printed edition of the Persian version see Supplement. 

(David Anderson.) 

181. 

Hidaya-i FarsI (vol. ii). 

Fols. 417 ; 10 in. by 6iin. ; 17 lines, each 4 in. long; written on 
reddish paper in good Nasta'llq, and with headings in red, for the 
owner, a.h. 1201 (a.d. 1786). 

This is a splendid MS. of the second volume (for the fourth see 
below) of a very celebrated treatise on Muhammadan Jurisprudence, 
according to the doctrine of Imam Abu Hanifah, and his disciples 
Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad. 

The Hidayah, which is a commentary on the Badayat al-Mubtada', 
was originally written in Arabic by Shaikh Burhan al-Dln 'All b. 
Abu Bakr al-Marghinanl, who was born in Transoxania, and died at 
the age of 64, a.h. 593, a.d. 1197 (see above, No. 158). 

The Persian version of this work was made, at the desire of the 
Governor-General, Warren Hastings, by Ghulam Yahya Khan, 
assisted by Mulla, Taj al-DIn, Mir Muhammad Husain, and Mulla 
Shari'at-allah, a.h. 1190 (a.d. 1776). 

The Persian text was published at Calcutta, a.h. 1221 (a.d. 1807), 
and ably translated into English by Charles Hamilton (published, 
London, a.d. 1791), assisted by the donor (see preface to this 
Catalogue). 

The present volume begins with the Kitab or book of marriage, 
— &J| i-r>^, and ends with that of bequests for pious purposes, 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 151 

i__2.i'., and corresponds to Hamilton's translation, vol. i, p. 71, to 
vol. ii, p. 359. 
Begins : 

Cf. Eien (B.M.P. Cat.), i, pp. 23-24 (where a complete copy is 

described); Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2613; etc. 

(James Anderson.) 

182. 

Hidaya-i Far si (vol. iv). 

Fols. 234; 9^ in. by 6 in. ; 15 lines, each 3£ in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'llq, with headings in red ; not dated. 

This is the fourth and last volume of the work described above. 
The contents are : 

Kitab I. Shuf'ah (the right of pre-emption), fol. lb. 
Kitab II. Qismat (partition of inheritance), fol. 43a. 
Kitab III. Muzara'at (giving a field or furnishing seed to sow), 

fol. 59a. 
Kitab IV. Musaqat (letting a plantation for part of the 

produce), fol. 70a. 
Kitab. V. Zaba'ih (victuals), fol. 76a. 
Kitab VI. Uzhiyyah (sacrifices), fol. 86a. 
Kitab VII. Karabiyyat (abominations), fob 9 la. 
Kitab VIII. Ihya' al-Mawat (cultivation of waste lands), 

fol. 1175. 
Kitab IX. Ashribat (drinks), fol. 1.34a. 
Kitab X. Said (game), fol. 144a. 
Begins : 

&\ — ^"j ^-2" i £!bj^ u£-~J c^l^c- *-j2> j^ ^j <UaAH L—J^ci 

The present volume corresponds to Hamilton's- translation, vol. iii, 
p. 561, to vol. iv, p. 574. For other references see above. 

(James Anderson.) 



152 



MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 



183. 

Hidaya-i FarsI (vol. iv). 

Fols. 251 ; 8f in. by 6 in. ; 13 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in stamped leather ; not 
dated. 

Another copy of the fourth and last volume of the Hidayah. It is 
divided as follows : — 



I <Ul£j! 

II <u*«Ji!\ 



III 

IV 

V 

VI 

VII 






.*.s*\ ^)tX_*i L_5s — Jv* )) 



£- 



Aui Folio lb. 

35b. 

745. 

80b. 

1266. 

1455. 

(the rubric for this 

book is absent). 

jjU c^*^ &SjjZ>~ ^SLjI^j .'jJuj j-^-* 
(David Anderson.) 



184. 

(*.l^>- Jdcf-) jc^j^ Aj^JJb 

Hidaya-i FarsI (vol. iv). 

Fols. 268 ; 9 in. by 6£ in. ; 15 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
very clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red; bound in gilt-stamped 
leather ; not dated. 

This is another part of the fourth volume of the work described 
above. It contains the following kitabs and babs : — 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 



153 



I ^yi <_A£ Folio lft. 

II l^>j,!! <_>ls£ ,, 45a. 

(i) y f~»ji ^-v.^r \J^.uy^ •^-iW u^O J <-r^ » 90i - 

(ii) <uU^ c_A> ,, 144a. 

Ill ^--^ ^^ » 176ft. 

IV • . . . . ,jlx^l t-Ai ,, 257ft. 

Begins : 

{James Anderson.) 



III. HISTORY. 
(a) GENERAL HISTORY. 

185. 






r.,- 



Ta'rikh-i Guzidah. 

Fols. 421 ; 8^in. by 5i in. ; 17 lines, each 2 J in. long ; written in 
excellent Naskh, with headings in red ; the first two pages and the 
frontispiece richly illuminated; gold-lined throughout ; fols. 320-381, 
on a different quality of paper, are by a more modern hand, and have 
coloured lines round the pages; dated a.h. 993 (a.d. 1584). 

A general history from the earliest times to a.h. 730 (a.d. 1329), 
the year, as it is stated in the preface, when it was compiled by 
Hamd-allah b. 'Abl Bakr b. Ahmad b. Nasi' Mustaufl Qazwmi 
(d. a.h. 750, a.d. 1349), dedicated to his late patron's son, Wazir 
Ghiyas al-Din Muhammad b. Khwajah Rashid al-Din Fazl-allah, and 
the present name given to it, which means " the select history." The 
author had written another well-known work on geography called 



•Jfcjj). 



"Nuzhat al-Qulub " (<_. >^\ 

The present work is divided into a fatihah (introduction), six bubs 
(books), and a Ichatimah (appendix) : — 

Fatihah on the creation of the world, fol. 9ft. 



154 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Bab I. In two fash (sections) : — (1) The first and second races of 
the Prophets, fol. Wa. (2) The patriarchs, philosophers, and learned 
men, who, though not prophets, were serviceable to the cause of 
religion, fol. 40«. 

Bab II. The ancient Kings of Persia anterior to Islam, in four 
fash: — (1) Of the Pishdadian Kings, eleven in number, who reigned 
2450 years, fol. 475. (2) The Kayanian Kings, ten in number, 
reigning for a period of 634 years, fol. 54a. (3) The successors of 
Alexander, 32 kings, 317 years, fol. 605. (4) The race of kings 
called Akasirah, 32 in number, 527 years, fol. 625. 

Bab III. Prophet Muhammad, his family, companions, etc., in 
a muqaddimah, on the family of the Prophet and the tribes who 
joined him, fol. 765, and six fash : — (1) History of the Prophet, 
fol. 79b. (2) The first five Khallfahs, 30 years, fol. 995. (3) The 
twelve Imams, from the year a.h. 49 (a.d. 669) to that of a.h. 364 
(a.d. 974), fol. 1195. (4) The Companions of the Prophet, and their 
Companions, fol. 123«. (5) Of the Uinayyah Khallfahs, fourteen in 
number, from a.h. 41 (a.d. 661) to a.h. 132 (a.d. 749), fol. 146«. 
(6) Of the 'Abbasides, 37 Khallfahs, 523 years. 

Bab IV. Muslim Kings of Persia, etc., in twelve chapters : — 

(1) Banu Lais Saffar dynasty, who reigned over part of Persia, three 
in number, from a.h. 153 (a.d. 770) to a.h. 187 (a.d. 802), fol. 212a. 

(2) The nine Samanian Kings, who reigned over Persia from a.h. 187 
(a.d. 802) to a.h. 389 (a.d. 998), fol. 21 5a. (3) The Ghaznawides, 
14 kings, who reigned for 30 years over the greatest part of Persia, 
and 125 years over Ghazni and Hindustan, in all 155 years from 
a.h. 390 (a.d. 999) to a.h. 545 (a.d. 1150), fol. 422. (4) The five 
kings of the Ghuri dynasty, a.h. 545-609 (a.d. 1150-1212), fol. 2305. 
(5) The Dailaman Kings, known as Al-i Buyah, 127 years from 
a.h. 321 to a.h. 448 (a.d. 932-1056), fol. 234a. (6) The Sal juq dynasty, 
consisting of three branches : (a) the one which reigned partly over 
the whole of Persia and partly over a portion of it, a.h. 429-590 
(a.d. 1037-1193), and consisted of 14 kings, fol. 245« ; (5) the eleven 
kings who reigned over Kirman, a.h. 433-583 (a.d. 1041-1187), 
fol. 2685 ; (c) the fourteen kings who ruled over Rum, a.h. 480-699 
(a.d. 1087-1299), fol. 269«. (7) The fourteen Khwarazmshahis, 
a.h. 491-628 (a.d. 1097-1230), fol. 2705. (8) The Atabegs, in two 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 155 

branches : (a) the nine kings who reigned over Diyarbakr and Fars, 
a.h. 481-600 (a.d. 1088-1204), fol. 2796 ; (6) the eleven kings called 
Salghuris, who reigned over Persia a.h. 543-663 (a.d. 1148-1264), 
fol. 280b. (9) The Isma'ilian dynasty in two parts : (a) those who 
ruled over Egypt, Syria, and the West, fourteen in all, a.h. 296-556 
(a.d. 908-1160), fol. 2825 ; (6) those who reigned over Persia, eight 
in number, a.h. 483-654 (a.d. 1090-1256), fol. 2866. (10) The 
Turktari Sultans of Karmania (the Qarakhita'i Sultans of Kirnian), 
nine in all, a.h. 621-708 (a.d. 1224-1308), fol. 292a. (11) The 
Atabegs of Luristan, consisting of two tribes called Buzurg (great) 
and Kuchuk (small), fol. 294a. (12) The Moghuls, who ruled over 
Persia, a.h. 599-730 (a.d. 1202-1329), in three parts, the genealogy 
of the Turkish tribes, fol. 295a ; genealogy of the house of Chinglz- 
Khan, fol. 2985; history of the Moghuls in Persia, fol. 301a. 

Bab. V. Pious and learned men, in six chapters: — (1) The most 
celebrated expounders of the Law, fol. 3246. (2) The readers of the 
Quran who all agreed in one orthodox text, fol. 327a. (3) Traditionists 
who were personally acquainted with the Companions of the Prophet, 
fol. 227b. (4) Shaikhs, in chronological order, fol. 228a. (5) The 
learned men, in alphabetical order, fol. 3515. (6) Poets, arranged in 
the same way, fol. 356a. 

Bab YI. Account of Q,azwm, the native city of the author, in eight 
fash: — (1) Traditions connected with the place, fol. 368a. (2) The 
origin of its name, fol. 377a. (3) Its buildings, fol. 3775. (4) Its 
conquest by the Muslims, fol. 3796. (5) Its lakes, canals, mosques, 
and mausoleums, fol. 380a. (6) The Companions of the Prophet and 
those of the next generation, and those Imams, who came to Qazwln, 
fol. 384a. (7) Its officials and artisans, fol. 388a. (8) The families 
and grandees who left it, fol. 390«. 

Conclusion, fol. 3975, descriptive genealogical tables of Prophets, 
Imams, Kings, etc. 

Begins : 

See Haj. Khal., v, p. 177; Elliot, Bibliogr. Index, p. 75, and 
History of India, iii, p. 60 ; Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 8u6 ; Aumer 
(Munich Cat.), p. 68; Bodl. Cat., 26; etc. 

(David Anderson.) 



156 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

186-188. 

Rauzat al-Safa'. 
Fols. 632 ; 14 in. by 9 in. ; three vols. 

A well-known general history in seven volumes, from the earliest 
times to the time of the author, Sayyid Muhammad b. Burhan al-Dln 
Khawand- Shah (born a.h. 837, a.d. 1437), a great scholar, who 
originally belonged to Bukhara,, but had settled at Balkh, where he 
was better known as Mlr-Khwand. He resorted to Herat, where he 
was much favoured by Mir 'All-Shir, the prime minister of Sultan 
Husain Mirza, to whom the work is dedicated. Very nearly the 
whole of the work was written by the author himself, but he died at 
Herat, a.h. 903 (a.d. 1498), and the work was completed by his 
grandson Ghiyas al-Dln Muhammad b. Hamid al-DIn Khwand-Amlr 
(d. a.h. 942, a.d. 1535), the author of the Habib al-Siyar fi Akhbar 
Afrad al-Bashar (see above, No. 72). It would be safe to say that 
only those events which happened after the death of the author were 
recorded by Khwand-Amir. 

This work is divided into seven volumes : — 

Vol. I. Fols. 1-83 ; 41 lines in the central gold-lined column, each 
6 J in. long ; and 65 written round the gold-lined margins, 
each l£in. long; illuminated frontispiece ; slightly stained 
by damp ; written in beautiful small Naskh, with headings 
in red ; copyist, Ja'far b. Fazl-allah al-RizwI ; dated 
a.h. 1001 (a.d. 1592). 

Contents. 

The Preface deals with the importance of the study of history, and 
further treats of what is requisite for the compilation of a good work 
on history. Account of the Creation and the Deluge ; lives of the 
Patriarchs, Prophets, Kings of Israel, ancient poets and philosophers ; 
account of the ancient Kings of Persia from Gayumars to Yazdajird, 
when the country was entirely conquered by the Muslim Arabs ; 
included therein are also accounts of Philip and Alexander the Great. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 157 

Begins : 

v ... .., ; w ^ ... j ^ > _ ^ . J 

Vol. II. Fols. 84-172; uniform in every detail with Vol. I, with 
which it is bound together. 

It contains : 
The genealogy, birth, actions, prophetic mission, and death of 
Muhammad; account of the four great Khalifahs : Abu Bakr, 'Umar, 
'Usman, and 'All ; a detailed history of the first foundation of the 
Arabian Empire, the wars undertaken by the Khalifahs, and the 
changes which took place in their time. 
Begins : 

Vol. III. Fols. 173-240 ; uniform with the above. 

Contents. 

History of the twelve Imams, all the Khalifahs from after 'All 
b. Abi Talib to their final overthrow by Hulagu-Khan, a.h. 656 
(a.d. 1258). 

Begins : 

Vol. IV. (This is preceded here by the following volume.) 
Fols. 240-373 ; uniform in size with the above, but 
written only in the centre of the page in small jNasta'liq ; 
29 lines in a page, each 5-£ in. long ; frontispiece richly 
illuminated ; slightly injured ; bears an 'arz-dzdah and 
several large seals of the owner (Muhammad Basharat Khan, 
servant of 'Alamgir) ; dated a.h. 999 (a.d. 1590). 
It contains : 
History of the Kings in Persia, from the time of the Muslim 
conquest until the subjugation of the country by the sons of Chinglz- 
Khan. It also includes an account of the minor Muslim dynasties 
that ruled over the several states of Tartary and the confines of India 
down to their overthrow by the successors of Chingiz-Khan. 



158 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Begins : 

Vol. V. Fols. 373-498 ; uniform in every detail with Vol. IV, with 
which it is bound together. 

Contents. 
History of the invasion and conquest of Persia under Chinglz- 
Khan ; account of his reign and that of his descendants. 

Begins : 
4-sr*Lj \*j jjlu._jU,Jj j\ JJL* f-^i, ybj * *L* <L>l^J (jiujjl 

^ — ^ cr^^y^ j^yj u^.^^ 

Vol. VI. Fols. 498-593 ; uniform in every respect with the pre- 
ceding volume, but bound together with the following one. 
It contains : 
History of the famous conqueror Timur (Tamerlane), his sons and 
successors, down to the death of Sultan Abu Sa'id, a.h. 873 
(a.d. 1468). 

Begins : 
ctijj-j JbLi^lj ilTjlj ^lU (j«ul-i iJ,$*»> i$3 U^^i &*>>- j&\*zr 

Vol. VII. Fols. 593-632; uniform in every detail with Vol. VI, 
with which it is bound together. 
This should be regarded as the eighth volume ; the section of the 
history following Vol. VI, which contains an account of Sultan 
Husain, is wanting. It is headed 

" ^UjJl H-y-l/j ^jJJI /i d £_jU1 jJL^i » 

It contains an account of various particulars relative to different parts 
of the world, forming a sort of geographical appendix. 

Begins : 
wJl*-o <^wil L^.iXJ t-jCKj (LiL*i drsr \j j-JVi^ *_jijo .J <UJ"l&- 

See Bodl. Cat., 36-69; Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 30 sq. ; Eieu 
(B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 87 sq. ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 24-75 ; Aumer (Munich 
Cat.), p. 72 sq. ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), pp. 105-114; etc. See also 
Elliot, Hist, of India, iv, p. 127 sq., and Bibl. Index, pp. 85 and 114. 

[David Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCEIPTS. 159 

(J) HISTORY OF THE PROPHETS. 

189. 

Maqasid al-Auliya fl Mahasin al-Anbiya. 

Fols. 128 ; 9iin. by o^-in. ; 19 lines, each 3iin. long; written in 
fair Nasta'Kq, with headings in red; coloured lines round the pages ; 
hears an inscription of the owner, a.h. 1186 (a.d. 1776). 

An account of the Prophets from Adam to Muhammad, by Abu 
al-Qasim Mahmud b. Ahmad b. Abu al-Hasan Faryabi (d. a.h. 607, 
a.d. 1210), or, as he is called by Haj! Khalfah, Farabi ('Imacl al-DTn 
Mahmud). 

At the end there are appended very brief notes on the four great 
successors of Muhammad, and the names of the Khalifahs are also 
enumerated (after the Imams Hasan and Husain) from Mu'awiyah to 
Al-Hustanjid bi-Allah, who was the 32nd Khallfah of the race of 
'Abbas at Baghdad, and died, a.h. 566 (a.d. 1171). 

Begins : 

The copy described in Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), iii, p. 1030 (Or. 1839), 

contains extracts only from this work. 

(David Anderson.) 



190. 

Ma'arij al-Nubuwwah. 

Fols. 768; 9 1 in. by 6^ in. ; 25 lines, each about 3fin. long 
written in good riaskh by two different hands, with headings in red ; 
the first 57 pages are surrounded by illuminated lines ; bound in 
stamped leather; bears several seals; changed hands, a.h. 1137 
(a.d. 1724) ; two uniform vols, in one. 



& ? 



160 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

A detailed history of the Prophet Muhammad, compiled by Mu'In 
al-Miskin, i.e., Mu'in al-Din b. Haji Muhammad Sharaf al-Dm 
al-Farahi al-Harawi (Haji Khalfah, v, p. 608, calls him Mu'in al-Dm 
b. Muhammad Amin al-Farahi al-Harawi Miskin), who died probably 
a.h. 907, a.d. 1501 (see ftieu, B.M.P. Cat., i, p. 149). Stewart in 
his Descriptive Catalogue states that he died, a.h. 891 (a.d. 1486). 
Miskin left behind him several works, including the Ta'rlkh-i Musawl 
K^j^y* ^r:.j\j , a history of Jews, describing their origin, sufferings 
in Egypt, etc.); the Rauzat al-Jannat (luL.sm ^jj, a detailed 
description of the city of Herat) ; the Rauzat al-Wa'izin (c\^a, ,. 
{ j^nz\^\, a collection of forty Traditions) ; etc. 

The present work was compiled, a.h. 891 (a.d. 1486), but Ouseley 
states (see Ethe, I.O. Cat., 138) that a large portion of it existed in 
a copy revised and corrected by Miskin himself as early as a.h. 866 
(a.d. 1461). The contents are divided into two Daftars (parts) : — 

Daftar I. Fols. 1-319, consists of a Muqaddimah or introduction, on 
fol. 8a, on praises of God and his last Prophet, invocations, 
prayers, etc., in five fash (chapters), on Ibis. 8b, 23a, 4.0a, 
60a, and 80b ; and two ruhis (sections). 

Rukn i, on fol. 95«, in eight bdbs (subsections) with numerous 
subdivisions: (1) The epithet of God (ijj), as applied to 
the Prophets, fol. 95« ; (2) Adam, fol. \0ha; (3) Shis, 
fol. 140«; (4) Idris, fol. 152«; (5) NQh, fol. 1536; 
(6) Hud, fol. 167«; (7) Ibrahim, fol. \12a; (8) 'Abd 
al-Muttalib, the father of Muhammad, fol. 229J. 

Pukn ii, on fol. 2446, in seven bdbs, with numerous subsections : 
(1) Prophecies about Muhammad recorded in the books of 
the former prophets, fol. 245« ; (2) His surnames and 
names, fol. 270a; (3) His birth and infancy, fol. 273a 

(4) Events from his 6th to his 13th year, fol. 296a 

(5) Events from his 13th to his 20th year, fol. 298 J 

(6) Events of his 25th year, fol. 306a; (7) Events of his 
35th year, fol. 315. 

Daftar II. Eols. 1-440, consists of :— 

Rukn iii, on fol. lb, in five bubs : (1) Muhammad's inspiration, 
fol. lb; (2) Events of the 5th year of his mission and the 



PEESIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 161 

emigration of some of his companions to Habash (Abyssinia), 
fol. 253 ; (3) Events from the 7th year of the Mission to the 
10th, fol. 42«; (4) His ascent to Heaven, fol. 72a ; 
(5) Allegiance of 'Aqabah, flight of some of the Companions 
to Macllna, and other events of the 13th year of the Mission, 
fol. 157«. 
Rukn iv, on fol. 160J, in 14 labs (though it is stated to consist 
of only 12): (1) The flight of Muhammad, known as the 
Hijrah, fol. 1603; (2) Events of the first year after the 
Hijrah, fol. 170a; (3) Events of the second year, fol. \78a; 
(4) Battle of Badr, including events of the third year, 
fol. 1853; (5) Battle of Uhud, fol. 216a; (6) Fourth year, 
fol. 2353 (this chapter is also numbered the fifteenth) ; 
(7) Fifth year, fol. 244«; (8) Sixth year, fol. 2663; 
(9) Seventh year, fol. 286a ; (10) Eighth year, fol. 325«; 
(11) Ninth year, fol. 3303; (12) Tenth year, fol. 3513; 
(13) Eleventh year, fol. 36 \a. 
Kbatimah, on fol. 318«, in two 3a3s : 

(1) Sensible Miracles, on fol. 390#. 

(2) Spiritual Miracles, fol. 393«. 

The book ends with an address to the Deity in verse. A full index 
is added to the beginning of each part. 
Begins : 

As ijx*.=> — 1jJ». Lj j~+\ ^U *&) <L*»~j L-xijJ ij* bJ'l L»j 

•J\ - <J>jJ J*y Jf jtj& {J^fa ^J^ jV^ ^^ Li'Ls rf 
For other copies see Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 149 sq. ; Bodl. Cat., 
128-130 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 100 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 138-144 ; 
Stewart (Descriptive Cat.), p. 22 ; etc. See also Haj. Khal., iii, 
pp. 20 and 513; v, pp. 12, 251, and 608; cf. on the Turkish 
translation Fleischer (Dresden Cat.), 385; and Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), 
ii, p. 391. 

191. 

Rauzat al-Ahbab. 

Fols. 368; llf in. by 8iin. ; 23 lines, each 5 in. long ; written in 

11 



162 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

good Nasta'llq, with headings in red ink ; bound in deerskin ; injured 
both at the beginning and end ; dated a.h. 1011 (a.d. 1602). 

A famous work, containing a full history of the Prophet Muhammad, 
his birth, character, and actions, and also an account of his descendants, 
friends, disciples, and successors. 

It was compiled at the desire of the Wazir Mir 'AK-Shir of Herat 
and completed, a.h. 900 (a.d. 1494), by Amir Sayyid 'Ata'-allah 
(with his real name Jamal al-Husainl) b. Muhammad Fazl-allah of 
Shiraz. The author, who was famous for his sanctity, piety, and 
learning, was a nephew of Amir Asil al-Din 'Abd-allah al-Husaini, 
and died at Herat, a.h. 926 (a.d. 1520). 

The whole work was divided into three maqsads (books), of which 
this MS. contains only the introduction and the first Maqsad, which 
begins on fol. 3a and contains a full history of the Prophet in three 
labs or chapters : 

(1) Genealogy of the Prophet, including short notices of the 

Patriarchs and earlier Prophets, on fol. 3b. 

(2) History of his birth, life, and death, on fol. 35a. 

(3) The perfection and excellence of his attributes, his relations, 

etc., in eight fash or sections : 
(i) The wives of the Prophet, on fol. 304«. 
(ii) His children, on fol. 320a. 
(iii) His virtues and miracles, on fol. 325a. 
(iv) His attributes and bodily features, on fol. 340a. 
(v) His pious observances, on fol. 3433. 
(vi) His manners and habits, on fol. 347a. 
(vii) His prerogatives, on fol. 35Sa. 

(viii) His servants, followers, nurses, governors, etc., on fol. 3613. 
The introduction begins : 

Rieu (B.M.P. Cat,), i, p. 147, and iii, p. 10816; Morley (R.A.S. 

Cat.), p. 15; Bodl. Cat., 131-133; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), ii, 

pp. 368-369 ; Stewart (Descriptive Cat.), p. 21 ; Dorn (St. Petersb. 

Cat.), p. 298 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 145-157 ; Leyden Cat., p. 298. See 

also Haj. Khal., iii, p. 495, etc. 

(David Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 163 

(c) HISTORY OF THE KHALIFAHS. 

192. 

Futuh-i Ibn A'sam. 

Fols. 390 ; 9 in. by 5jj in. ; 15 lines, each 3£in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; gilt- 
lined round the margins ; an old copy. 

A history of the early Khalifahs. It was originally written in 
Arabic by Khwajah Ahmad b. al-A'sam al-Kufi (see fol. 2b, 1, 12, 
here A'sam is spelt with ^ (s) and again fol. 3b, 1, 8). Hajl 
Khalfah (iv, p. 385) gives the name of the author as Muhammad 
b. All b. A'sam (*lc\). According to Frahn, Indications Biblio- 
graphiques, p. 16, the author died about a.h. 314 (a.d. 926). 

This work, wbich is known also under the name of the Ta'rlkh-i 
Khulafa-i Rashidin (^s^>\ . ^jULi- Uz-t. U'), was rendered into Persian, 
a.h. 596 (a.d. 1199), by Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Mustaufi al-HarawI, 
at the desire of his patron, a Wazir in Khwarazm and Khurasan, who 
is mentioned by honorific titles only. 

After the translator's preface tbe work begins on fol. 3b, with the 
election of Abu Bakr Siddiq to the Khilafat. The work is imperfectly 
divided, but the following is the general account gathered from the 
rubrics, which are far between : Apostacy of the people of Hazramaut 
and Kindah, fol. 26b ; conquests of the Muslims under the Khalifah 
Abu Bakr Siddiq, fol. 37b, and in Syria and Asia Minor, fol. 43b ; the 
Khilafat of 'Umar b. al-Khattab, fol. 66a ; victories gained over the 
armies of Persia and 'Iraq, fol. 73a; conquest of Emessa in Syria, 
fol. 87b ; second muster of the Greek armies, fol. 89a ; death of Abu 
'Ubaidah Jarrah, fol. 1193 ; appointment of Abu Musa Ash'ari to the 
command of the army, the conquest of Persia, fol. 141« ; second rally 
of the Persian forces, fol. 151a; conquest of Rai, the capital of the 
Persian 'Iraq, and —? ij^Jtul (a tract of country in Khurasan), 
fol. 1665 ; conquest of Persia (Fars) by Abu Musa Ash'ari, fol. 170a ; 
Khilafat of 'Ugman b. 'Affan, fol. 180a ; conquest of Cyprus by 



164 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Mu'awiyah b. Abi Sufyan, fol. 189«; war between Constantine III, 
son of Heraclius (the Emperor of Greece), and Mu'awiyah near the 
Eiver 'Uka, fol. 1945 ; conquest of Africa by 'Abd-allah b. Sa'd 
b. Abi Sharh, fol. 1965 ; conquest of the island of Selavonia (Saqlab) 
by Mu'awiyah, fol. 199$; diversity of opinion on the Khilafat of 
'Usman, fol. 204«; the "Khilafat of 'All b. Abi Talib, fol. 249« ; 
battle of the Camel, fol. 257a; correspondence between Mu'awiyah 
and 'Abd-allah b. 'Umar b. al-Khattab, Sa'd b. Abi "Waqqas, 
Muhammad b. Muslimah al-Ansari, and 'All, fol. 30!«; history of 
Uwais (Jarni, fol. 3115; correspondence between 'All and Mu'awiyah, 
fol. 3\9a ; battle between the armies of 'Ali and Mu'awiyah, on the 
Euphrates, fol. 3255 ; correspondence between 'All and Mu'awiyah, 
fol. 348$ ; Mu'awiyah sends troops to the Arabian 'Iraq and Hijaz, 
and Imam Hasan b. 'All makes peace with him, fol. 366a ; Hasan 
promises loyalty to Mu'awiyah, fol. 369a ; 'All writes to Ziyad 
b. TJmayyah, fol. 374a ; death of Hasan, nomination of Tazld as 
successor to the Khilafat, and the sad death of Imam Husain b. 'All, 
fol. 3755. Unfortunately the last folio is missing. 
Begins : 

£\ -j±^ 3 Jp\ V* «-*jjM fijl\ J^ ^ tJUi *l!j*Jt 

Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 151 sq. ; Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 16 ; 
King's College, Camb., Cat., p. 105; Stewart's Descriptive Cat., p. 8. 
See also Haj. Khal., iv, p. 385 ; Ouseley's Travels, ii, p. 312 sq., and 
Catalogue, 348 ; Sprenger (Biblioth.), 32 ; etc. 

(David Anderson.) 





193, 




*lcl 


^ 


Z^ 


Futuh-i 


Ibn A'sam. 



Eols. 259 ; 8iin. by 5 in. ; 17 lines, each 2iin. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'liq-shikastah-amlz ; with imperfect headings ; fol. 1 is 
badly injured, and the last two or three Ms. are missing ; bears two 
dates on the flyleaf, the earlier one of the second year, a.h. 1168 
(a.d. 1755), of the reign of the Emperor 'Aziz al-Dln 'AlamgTr II. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 165 

This is another copy of the same history of the Khalifahs. The 

rubrics are somewhat far between and marked differently, otherwise 

it is identical with the copy described above. The reigns of the 
Khallfahs begin as follows : — 

I. Abu Bakr Siddiq folio 6b. 

II. 'TJmar b. al-Khattab .... „ 28a. 

III. 'Usman b. 'Affan „ 84*. 

IV. 'All b. Abl Talib „ 119a. 

V. Hasan b. 'AH „ 232a. 

Begins : 

jJl -j±% i}p V p*J\ t-%)\ pj/11 .... JJjJl 

{James Anderson.) 

(d) HISTORY OF TIMUR. 

194. 

Zafar-namah. 

Fols. 537 ; 1(H in. by 7 in. ; 19 lines, each 4f in. long ; written in 
very clear Naskh, with headings in red ; illuminated frontispiece ; 
gold ruled round the pages ; new margins have been pasted through- 
out ; an inscription on the flyleaf and another at the end indicate that 
this very old copy was the property of Muhammad Salih, a physician 
of Shlraz, a.h. 1071 (a.d. 1660), who had bought it at Shahjahanabad 
(Dehll) and repaired it. Probably transcribed in the ninth century 
of the Hijrah. 

This is a celebrated history of the life and reign of Timur, by 
Maulaua Sharaf al-Dln 'All Yazdi (d. a.h. 858, a.d. 1454). 
Begins : 

For the author, this work, and references, see copies described 

above, Nos. 73 and 74. 

(David Anderson.) 



166 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 



195. 



Zafar-namah. 

Pols. 478 ; 8|-in. by 6 in. ; 17-21 lines, each 5 in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; slightly injured by insects ; 
dated a.h. 1076 (a.d. 1665). 

Another complete copy of the histoiy of Tlmur. It agrees with the 
first British Museum MS. (see Eieu, i, p. 174, last paragraph) in 
being likewise headed Maqalah I (book the first). 

Begins : 

^M_(<uLsM in the preceding copy) uJl*!! i'*^ .... \**=>. 

{James Anderson.) 



196. 

Tuzuk-i Tlnmrl. 

Fols. 74 ; 8 in. by 4f in. ; 15 lines, each 4 J in. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'liq ; paper covers ; copied during the governorship of 
Prince Muhammad Mu'izz al-Din, in the 50th year (of the reign of 
'Alamgir, a.h. 1118, a.d. 1707) at Multan, by Mulla Khan Muhammad 
b. Shaikh Fath Muhammad Ansarl. 

This is a Persian version of the institutes, political and military, 
forming the last part of the autobiographical memoirs of Tmiur. 
See the complete memoirs usually named ^ .»/♦»*!> c^UjjiL* (the 
Malfiizat-i TimurT), described above, No. 75. 

The beginning of the present copy is defective. In the colophon 
it is called jy**3 j+*\ l2j\xs\j (the Waqi'at-i Amir Tlmur ). 

Begins : 

,JL*J <lLH X&*\ jy*.~J >yG.*A>l\ £ \ d£ t^.ijj ^rfj^-jj <J^*Jj „jJ ,J 

(David Anderson.) 



^ 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 167 

197. 

Tuzuk-i Timuri. 

Fols. 31; 8Jin. by 5 in.; 14 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
close Nasta'liq-shikastah, with, headings in red ; bears a seal of 
Mudabbir al-Mulk on the flyleaf (a.h. 1182, a.d. 1768). 

Another copy of the institutes agreeing closely with the preceding- 
one. At the end the copyist wishes to be forgiven for any mistakes 
occurring in the text, as the MS., from which the present copy was 
made, was full of mistakes. 

198. 

Titzuk-i Timuri. 

Fols. 56; 8J in. by 6^in. ; 13 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq ; bound in stamped leather ; margins repaired ; copied by 
Najlb-allah Siddlqi ; not dated. 

Another copy of the institutes. 

(Robert Brown.) 

199. 

Tuzuk-i Timuri. 

Fols. 70; 9 in. by 5 fin. ; 11 lines, each 2f in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; slightly 
injured by insects ; not dated. 

Another collection of the institutes ; its version, however, differs 
from the preceding copies, but appears to be that of Abu Talib 
al-Husaini as described in Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 196. 

Begins : 

(David Anderson.) 



168 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

(«) HISTORY OF INDIA. 

(1) General History. 

200. 

Gulshan-i Ibrahiml (vol. i). 

Fols. 505; 11-g-in. by 7iin. ; 21 lines, each. 3f-4in. long; written 
in neat Nasta'llq ; bound in plain leather, which is gilt-lined round 
the edges ; not dated ; it is stated on the flyleaf that some person 
bought it, a.h. 1178 (a.d. 1764). 

This is Vol. I of a general history of India from the earliest times 
to a.h. 1018 (a.d. 1609), the year in which it was presented to Sultan 
Naslr al-DIn Ibrahim 'Adil-Shah, the King of Bljapur(A.H. 988-1037, 
a.d. 1580-1627), at whose desire it had been compiled by the 
celebrated Muhammad Qasim Hindu-Shah, surnamed " Firishtah," 
who was born in Astarabad about a.h. 960 (a.d. 1552). He was 
brought up at the Court of Sultan Murtaza Nizam -Shah, who ruled 
at Ahmadnagar (a.h:. 972-996, a.d. 1564-1587), where his father 
Maulana Ghulam 'All Hindu-Shah had finally settled. Firishtah left 
Ahmadnagar, a.h. 998 (a.d. 1589), after the death of Sultan Miran 
Husain Nizam-Shah, from whom he had received many favours. He 
lived to a good old age, but there is uncertainty about the date of his 
death. The present work, which is celebrated for the impartial and 
unassuming style of its composition, is commonly called teJ^Js 'ft-fc 
(the Ta'rlkh-i Firishtah). 

The present MS. contains a muqaddimah or introduction (on the 

tenets and early rule of the Hindus and discourse on the introduction 

of Islam into India), two complete maqdlahs or books, and part of the 

third maqalah : 

Maqalah I. History of the Sultans of Lahore, known as the 

Ghaznawides, fol. 24a, from Sabuktagiu to the deposition of 

Khusrau-Malik, a.h. 582 (a.d. 1186). 

Maqalah II. History of the Sultans of Dehll, fol. 79a, from the 

time of the transference of the rule to Shihab al-Din 

Muhammad Ghuri to the death of Akbar, a.h. 1014 

(a.d. 1605). There is included in this book an account of 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 169 

the Turkish, dynasty known as Slave Kings, fol. 893 ; the 
house of Khilji, fol. 13U ; the Tughluq Sultans, fol. 1786 ; 
Timiir's invasion of Hindustan, fol. 2105; the Sayyid 
dynasty, fol. 217 a ; the Ludhis, fol. 230* ; the Empire of the 
Moghuls : Bahar, fol. 250a ; Humayun, fol. 2785 ; followed 
hy Shir-Shah and successors in the Sur line, fol. 289a ; 
Humayun again, fol. 31 la; and Akbar, fol. 322tf. 

III. History of the Sultans of the Dakkan, fol. 362#, in six 
rauzahs or chapters, but the present MS. contains only the 
first chapter : 
i. The Kings of Gulbargah and Eidar, styled the Bahmanls, on 
fol. 362«. 

The muqaddimah begins : 

^JS&uA: <L*Jb ^uj {jm-^J ^ySJcj\ &a£> ^y?"-} i^A^J 

Cf. Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 63 sq. ; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 225 sq. ; 

Bodl. Cat., 217; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 291-302; Browne (Camb. Cat.), 

pp. 155 - 157. See also Elliot, Bibl. Index, p. 310 sq., and 

History of India, vi, pp. 207-236 and 532-569 ; Stewart's Descriptive 

Cat., p. 12 ; etc. A complete translation of the work into English is 

by J. Briggs in his " History of the Rise of the Muhammadan Power in 

India," London, a.d. 1829. Selected portions have been translated in 

the " History of Hindostan," by Alexander Dow, London, a.d. 1768 ; 

"History of Dekkan," by Jonathan Scott, Shrewsbury, a.d. 1794; 

the account of Malabar in the Asiatic Miscellany, a.d. 1786, by James 

Anderson. The text has been lithographed at Bombay and Poona, 

a.h. 1248 (a.d. 1832) ; and the same reprinted at Lucknow, a.d. 1281 

(a.d. 1864). 

(David Anderson.) 

201. 

Khulasat al-Tawarikh. 

Pols. 576 ; 8 in. by 4i in. ; 14 lines, each 3 in. long ; some of the 
pages are written diagonally, and some have red borders ; written in 
clear Easta'llq ; with headings in r«jd ; copied at A huiadabad, A.n. 11 75 
(a.d. 1761). 



170 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

A general history of India from the earliest times to the death of 
the Emperor 'Alamgir (a.h. 1118, a.d. 1707), by Munshi Sujan-Bai 
(sometime called Shujan-Bai) of Patiyala, who compiled and dedicated 
it to 'AlamgTr, a.h. 1107 (a.d. 1695). 

The author has been misnamed Sanjan (by Morley and Sprenger) 
and Subhan (by Lees and Elliot), see references below. 

Contents. 

Preface, on fol. 13 ; the author enumerates the numerous sources of 
his work, see Ms. 63-8a (while in this copy their brief 
description and authors or translators are mentioned, the 
names of the works in most cases are left blank). 

Account of Hindustan and its ancient inhabitants, their sacred 
books, creeds, and castes, on fol. 9a. 

General description of the 22 Subahs or provinces including the 
Dakkan, Kabul, and Qandahar over which 'Alamgir exercised 
his sovereignty, on fol. 28a. 

History of the Hindu Rajahs from Judhistir to Pithaura, when the 
country was conquered by the Muslims, on fol. 92b. 

History of the Muhammadan dynasties of Hindustan, on fol. 159 b. 

The Ghazni kings, on fol. 161 b ; the Ghurl kings from Shihab al-Din, 
on fol. 182«; the Slave kings, on fol. 186a; the Khiljl kings, 
on fol. 2105 ; the house of Tughluq, on fol. 235« ; the Sayyid 
kings, on fol. 2653 ; the Ludhi, with which is incorporated the 
Sharqi dynasty of Jaunpur, on fol. 274b ; the house of Timur 
(Tamerlane), on fol. 289«, from Timur to the death of Alamgir. 
In the course of the last, which is by far the largest section, some 
accounts of the local dynasties, which had either usurped 
independence for some time or were independent before their 
dominions were annexed by the Moghuls, are included, viz., the 
Sultans of Multan, on fol. 304b ; Shir-Shah and his successors, 
on fol. 3305 ; the rulers of Malwah, on fol. 368« ; the kings of 
Gujarat, on fol. 388a ; the kings of Bengal, on fol. 405a ; the 
Sultans of Kashmir, on fol. 422b ; the kings of Sindh and 
Tattah, on fol. 443b ; the Bahmanl-Sultans, on fol. 4585 ; the 
kings of Bljapfir, called 'Adil-S_hahs, on fol. 460a ; the house 
of Qutb-Shahs at Gulkundah and Haidarabad, on fol. 4605 >. 
the Nizam al-Mulkiyyah dynasty at Ahmadnagar, on fol. 461 a. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 171 

Accounts of the successive reigns of the great Moghul emperors are 
found as follows : — 

I. Babar folio 292a. 

II. HumayQn ,, 3085. 

III. Akbar „ 3533. 

IV. Jahangir ,, 472a. 

V. Shahjahan ....... ,, 5\4a. 

VI. 'Alamgir ,, 522a. 

The introduction begins : 

Cf. Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 69 ; Elliot, History of India, vol. viii, 

pp. 5-12 ; Lees (Journal of the R.A. Society, new series), vol. iii, 

p. 423 ; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 230 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 84; 

Sprenger (Biblioth.), 221 ; etc. 

(David Anderson.) 

202. 

Haft-Gulshan. 

Fols. 291 ; 9-j- in. by 51 in. ; written in Shikastah-Nasta'llq, with 
headings in red ink ; soiled and injured ; bound in stamped leather ; 
probably copied towards the end of twelfth century h. 

A general history of the Muhammadan rulers of India, compiled, 
a.h. 1132 (a.d. 1720), by Muhammad Hadi, better known by his title 
" Kamwar Khan " (which he received from Bahadur-Shah I, in the 
second year of his reign, a.h. 1120, a.d. 1708). 

The author was also the continuator of the Jahangir- namah and 
compiled besides a general history of the Cha gh ata'ri Kings. 

The present MS. contains a preface in which an account of the 
bloody feuds of the sons and grandsons of Aurangzib along with the 
principal intriguers is given. The remainder of the work is divided 
as follows: — 

First Gulshan (book), in three gulhuns (sections) : 

i. The Muhammadan Kings and Rajahs, who reigned at Dehll 
and other parts of Hindustan, on fol. 9b. 



172 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

ii. The Kings of Jaunpur, called Sharqi- Sultans, o>n fol. 138a. 

iii. The Kings of Malwah, on fol. 1425. 
Second Gulshan, in two gulbuns : 

i. The Kings of Ahmadabad and Gujarat, on fol. 159a. 

ii. The rulers of Khandesh, on fol. 1845. 
Third Gulshan, in one gulbun : 

The Kings of Bengal, on fol. 1905. 
Fourth Gulshan, in six gulbuns : 

i. The Kings of the Dakkan, called Bahmani-Sultans, on fol. 196a. 

ii. The Kings of Bijapur, called 'Adil-Shahs, on fol. 2215. 

iii. The Kings of Ahmadnagar, called Nizarn-S_hahs, on fol. 2445. 

iv. The Kings of Haidarabad and Gulkundah, called Qutb-Shahs, 
on fol. 258a. 

v. The rulers of Berar, called 'Imad-Shahs, on fol. 2625. 

vi. The Kings of Bidar, called Barid- Shahs, on fol. 264«. 
Fifth Gulshan, in two gulbuns : 

i. The rulers of Tattah or Sindh, called Jamis, on fol. 2675. 

ii. The Kings of Multan, on fol. 270a. 
Sixth Gulshan, in one gulbun : 

The rulers of Kashmir, on fol. 2735. 
Seventh Gulshan, in one gulbun, which is wanting. 
The introduction begins : 

_jjj c^-oU \\ jwjjuj .jUj ajis?*^ ^^ <-^- 3 ^ 3 .) A-^y ^VJ 

For other copies see Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), iii, pp. 908a, 1025, xxiii, 
10385, iv, 10505, iv, xi, 2745, and 1325; and Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 394. 
See also Elliot, History of India, viii, pp. 13-16. 

(David Anderson.) 

203. 

Tuhfat al-Hind. 
Fols. 806 ; 9^ in. by 6J iu. ; 15 lines, each 3£ in. long, written in 
clear Nasta'liq. It is stated at the end that this copy was made, 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 173 

a.h. 1182 (a.d. 1768), for Mr. Morison Kobert at the request of 
Mr. Chamier. It was presented to the owner by Nawwab Muhammad 
Riza Khan, a.d. 1771. 

A general History of India from the earliest times to the reign of 
Farrukhsiyar. An account of the early Kings of Persia is also 
included in it. The author is Lai-Ram b. Rai Dulah-Ram b. Rai 
Kunjaman, who compiled it, a.h. 1148 (a.d. 1735), in the 18th year of 
Muhammad-Shah's reign. The author in the introduction enumerates 
the sources of information for his work as follows : — 

The first three volumes of the History of Akbar called the Akbar- 
namah (see Nos. 78 and 208), the Tabaqat-i Akbari (see above, No. 77), 
the Futuhat-i Akbari of Faizi (for the author see above, No. 30), the 
Ta'rikh-i Firishtah (see above, No. 200), the Shah-narnah of Firdausi 
(described elsewhere), the Ta'rikh-i Shamshir-Khani (described else- 
where), the Khulasat al-Akhbar (^L=^ J^=-^ ^Uj 4j.L~.Jl <Lj1>- , 
an abridgement of universal history from the earliest times, by Ghiyas 
al-DIn b. Humam al-Din, surnamed " Khwand-Amir," the author of 
the Habib al - Siyar, see above, No. 72, and <m*lj ^^jL^Jb , the 
Humayun-narnah, who was much favoured by Babar and Humayun, 
and died in Gujarat, a.h. 941, a.d. 1534), the Aja'ib al-Makhluqat 

(s^l_ii^-Ls:'*'M t ^jLs , written in Arabic originally, by Zakariyya 

b. Muhammad b. Mahmud al-Qazwim, d. a.h. 682, a.d. 1283), the 
Jahangir-namah (see below, Nos. 211-213), the Shahjahan-namah (see 
above, No. 81), the 'Alamgir-namah (see below, Nos. 214-215), and the 
Lubb al-Tawarlkh-i Hind (juJb '^.\y^l\ t_ Ji , compiled a.h. 1100, 
a.d. 1688, by Rai Bindraban, who was Diwan for some time, first to 
Prince Darashikuh, and later to Bahadur-Shah I). 

The work consists of four books : 
Book I, on fol. 2b. Adam and the Creation of the world according 
to the belief of the Hindus, of the ten autars, and some 
particulars regarding the existence and duration of the world 
from the books of FaizI (see above, No. 30), and others. 

Book II, on fol. 21. Description of Hindustan, viz. : 

(1) The Subah of Bengal, fol. 2\a. 

(2) ,, Bihar „ 345. 

(3) „ Allahabad „ 365. 



174 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

(4) The Subah of Oudb, fol. 415. 

(5) ,, Agra ,, 43a. 

(6) ,, . Malwah „ 435. 

(7) ,, Dakkan ,, 98a, in seven sections : — (a) The 
Kings of Khandesh, called Faxuqiyyah, on fol. 985. (5) The 
rulers of Berar, called Tmad-Shahs, on fol. 1065. (c) Gulbargah 
and the Bahmani- Sultans, on fol. Ills, (d) The Kings of 
Bijapur, called 'Adil-Shahs, on fol. 1225. (e) Ahmadnagar 
and its Kings, called Mzarn-Shahs, on fol. 132a. (/) The 
Kings of Tilinganah, called Q,utb al-Mulks, on fol. 146a. 
(ff) The Kings of Bidar, called Band-Shahs, on fol. 1 50a. 

(8) The Subah of Gujarat, fol. 15la. 

(9) ,, Ajmere „ 222a. 

(10) „ Dehli „ 227. This chapter, after brief 
references to Anangpal and successors, begins with the 
conquest of the country by Sultan Mu'izz al-Din Sam 
(Shihab al-Din Ghurl), and is brought down to the third 
year of the reign of Farrukhsiyar, a.h. 1126, a.d. 1714. 

(11) The Subah of Lahore, fol. 4775. 

479a. 
482*. 
4875. 
5165. 
517 a. 

(17) The Muslim saints, beginning on fol. 535a with an account 

of Shaikh Huhyi al-Din 'Abd al-Qadir Jllani, called " Plr-i 
Dastagir," who died at Baghdad a.h. 561 (a.d. 1166). 

(18) Kings and famous persons who have visited India, on 

fol. 539*. 

(19) Rajahs and Gentu Princes who governed India before the 

Muhammadan invasion, on fol. 547a. 
Book III, Iran (Persia), on fol. 563a, in two sections: 

(1) The Kings from the reign of Gayumars to the death of 

Yazdajird, on fol. 5635. 

(2) Ancient Greek Philosophers, on fol. 7815. 

Book IV, various remarkable circumstances and conclusion of the 
work, on fol. 7855. 



(12) 


5) 


Multan 


(13) 


>J 


Tattah 


(14) 


)> 


Kashmir 


(15) 


J) 


Kabul 


(16) 


11 


Ghaznl 



J* 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 175 

The introduction begins : 

Cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 236. 

(David Anderson.) 

(2) History of the Sultan of Dehli. 
204. 

Ta'rikh-i Flruz-Shahi. 

Fols. 199 ; lOf in. by 7 in. ; 17 lines, each A.\ in. long ; written in 
good Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; first three folios badly injured 
in the middle, and the whole MS. slightly stained by damp ; dated 
a.h. 1074 (a .D. 1663). 

A history of the life and reign of Firuz-Shah., Sultan of Dehli, 
a.h. 752-790 (a.d. 1351-1388). This work, or rather panegyric, upon 
Firuz-Shah, is stated by its author, Shams-i Siraj 'Afif, a great 
grandson of Malik Sa'd al-Mulk Shihab (who was 'Amaldar or 
Commissioner of Abuhar near Dlpalpur), to have been undertaken by 
him as a supplement to the History of Firuz-Shah, which was left 
unfinished, by Ziya al-Dln BaranI, the translator from Arabic of 
,L^_j jl-.*^ (an account of the Barmakides), who died probably 
soon after a.h. 75 7 (a.d. 1356). Ailf, who was born a.h. 751 (a.d. 1350), 
was living after Hindustan had been invaded by Tmiur, a.h. 801 
(a.d. 1398-1399). Although this work is not well written, yet it 
enters more into the minutice of the life of the Emperor than Persian 
histories generally do. It contains some particulars of an interesting 
nature which are not to be met with elsewhere. The chapter which 
contains an account of the removal of the two pillars of stone with 
Hindu inscriptions is particularly interesting. The following is a list 
of its contents : — 

Qism (book) I. In eighteen muqaddimahs or chapters : 
i. The birth and parentage of Firuz-Shah, fol. 17a. 
ii. His acquirement of regal knowledge, fol. 19a. 



176 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

iii. His accession to the throne, fol. 20a. 
iv. His war with the Moghuls, fol. 2 2 5. 
v. The rebellion of Khwajah-Jahan, fol. 23a. 
vi. The resolution of Firuz in regard to the Khwajah, fol. 245. 
vii. March of the king from Tattah to Dehli, fol. 255. 
viii. The arrival of Qiwam al-Mulk, fol. 28a. 
ix. The submission of Khwajah-Jahan, fol. 295. 
x. Execution of the Khwajah by advice of the nobles, fol. 313. 
xi. Arrival of Firuz at Hansi, fol. 345. 
xii. Interview with Shaikh Qutb al-Din Munawwar and Shaikh 

Nasir al-Din Mahmud, fol. 36a. 
xiii. March to Dehli, fol. 385. 

xiv. Favours conferred on the city of Dehli, fol. 39a. 
xv. Establishment of new regulations, fol. 403. 
xvi. The King's attention to his subjects, fol. 42a. 
xvii. His leniency in punishing crimes, fol. 43a. 
xviii. Insignia of royalty established, fol. 45a. 

Qjsm II. In eighteen muqraddimahs : 

i. The King's first march to Lakhnauti, fol. 67a. 
ii. Arrival at Lakhnauti, fol. 67a. 
iii. Battle with Sultan Shams al-Din and slaughter on both side 

of 180,000 men, fol. 495. 
iv. Keturn to Dehli, fol. 525. 
v. Foundation of the city and castle of Firuzah in the vicinity of 

Dehli, fol. 535. 
vi. Charitable endowments, fol. 56a. 
vii. Interview with the author at Hansi, fol. 57a. 
viii. Building of the city of Flruzabad on the banks of the river 
Jamna, fol. 58a. 
ix. Arrival of Z afar- Khan from Sunarga un, fol. 59a. 
x. Second journey to Lakhnauti, fol. 62a. 
xi. Sikandar- Shah's seeking protection in a fort, and the fall of 

a bastion, fol. 64a. 
xii. Sikandar obtains peace and presents the king with forty 

elephants, fol. 655. 
xiii. March from Jaunpiir to Jajnagar, fol. 695. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 177 

xiv. Elephant hunt and the submission of the chief of Jajnagar, 
fol. 705. 

xv. The march from Jajnagar and hardships attending it, fol. 73a. 

xvi. Arrival at Dehll, fol. 74a. 
xvii. The happiness of the Empire, fol. 75a. 
xviii. The conquest of Nagarkot, fol. 77b. 

Qism III. In eighteen muqaddimahs : 
i. The affairs of Tattah, fol. 79b. 
ii. King's march to Tattah, fol. 8la. 
iii. Arrival at Tattah, fol. 83a. 
iv. Distress of the army there, fol. 84a. 
v. King's determination to quit Tattah, and march to Gujarat, 

fol. 85a. 
vi. Dreadful distress of the army on the march, fol. 865. 
vii. Miraculous escape of the King and his army from the desert of 

Gunjiram, fol. 895. 
viii. Arrival at Gujarat, fol. 92a. 
ix. The reinforcements sent by Khan-Jahan, fol. 93a. 
x. March to Tattah again, fol. 945. 
xi. Arrival there, fol. 963. 
xii. Passage of the Kiver Sindh (Indus) by Zafar-Khan and 'Imad 

al-Mulk, fol. 983. 
xiii. 'Imad al-Mulk goes to Dehli for reinforcements, fol. 993. 
xiv. Peace concluded with the Jam of Tattah, fol. 1015. 
xv. Submission of Banhniyah, fol. 102a. 
xvi. King's return to Dehll, fol. 1035. 
xvii. Khan-Jahan meets Plruz at Dipalpur, fol. 105a. 
xviii. The invention of the gharyal or gong, fol. 117a. 

Qism IV. In eighteen muqaddimahs : 

i. Piriiz desists from war, fol. 1095. 

ii. The King's attention to the welfare of his subjects, fol. 1125. 

iii. Letter from the Khallfah, fol. 1155. 

iv. The different durbars of the King, fol. 1155. 

v. The prosperity of the country, fol. 122a. 

12 



178 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

vi. The cheapness of grain, and other articles, fol. 1245. 
vii. The splendour of the court, fol. 1265. 
viii. The answer of the king to one of the nobles, fol. 128$. 
ix. The removal of two Hindu pillars to Firuzabad, fol. 1295. 
(The pillar standing outside of the Dehll gate is now known 
under the name of " Firuz-Shah's Lath," and the place 
where it is buried is called " Okhla.") 
x. King's hunting, fol. 134a. 
xi. The royal buildings, fol. 139a. 
xii. Regulations for the poor, fol. 142«. 

xiii. The different offices and domestic establishments, fol. 1435. 
xiv. The coinage, fol. 1465. 

xv. Hospitals and other charitable institutions, fol. 149a. 
xvi. The festivals, fol. 154a. 
xvii. Singers and dancers, fol. 1575. 
xviii. Several new inventions of the king, fol. 1585. 

Qism V. In eighteen muqaddimahs, on the mahluql or tonsure of the 
King, Prince Fath-Khan, the great Khans, Maliks, etc., and 
end of the reign, fols. 159a to end. 
Begins : 

Cf. Elliot, History of India, iii, pp. 267-373 ; Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), 
i, p. 2415; E". Lees, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, sr.s., iii, 
p. 445; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 212-213; etc. 

(James Anderson.) 



(3) History of the Moghtjl Emperors. 
205. 

Waqi'at-i Babari. 

Fols. 278 ; llf in. by 8f in. ; 17 lines, each 3Mn. long ; gold-lined 
round the columns ; written in good Nasta'llq, on tinted paper, to 
which new margins have been pasted ; not dated ; an old and 
good copy. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 179 

These are the Memoirs of the Emperor Zahir al-Din Muhammad 
Babar Barlas Turk, the conqueror and first Moghul Emperor of India 
(a.h. 932-937, a.d. 1526-1530), written by himself originally in 
Chaghatari Turki (for MS. see Ethe, I.O. Cat., 214, and edition of 
this work by Ilminski Kasan, a.d. 1857 ; and French translation by 
Pavet de Courteille, Paris, a.d. 1871), and rendered subsequently into 
Persian at the request of his grandson, the great Akbar, by Mirza 
'Abd al-Rahim Khan (d. a.h. 1036, a.d. 1626-1627, see No. 107), son 
of Bairam-Khan. This translation was commenced, a.h. 998 
(a.d. 1590). 

Of the other Persian versions of <k*lj^ju (the Babar -namah, 
another name by which these Memoirs are known), it may be said that 
Shaikh Zain al-DIn Kh waffs (d. a.h. 940, a.d. 1533-1534; see Rieu, 
B.M.P. Cat., iii, p. 926) attempt was the earliest, but his translation 
contained a diary of eleven months only of a.h. 932 (a.d. 1525-1526), 
supplemented by a few farmans (in the original Persian). Next in 
order was a translation, styled ^Aj **-*)? (^ ne Tuzuk-i Babari), 
which was commenced at the request of Bihruz-Khan by a Moghul of 
Ghazi, Mirza Payandah Hasan, and completed, a.h. 994] (a.d. 1586), 
by a Moghul of Hisar, Muhammad Qull (this version now exists in 
fragments only, see Bieu, ii, p. 799 ; Bodl. Cat., 179 ; and Ethe, 215). 

The present good copy does not contain the introduction, otherwise 
it is complete, and has been faithfully copied from some reliable MS. 
Its contents go down to the third of Muharram, a.h. 936 (a.d. 1529), 
and stop abruptly : 

The Memoirs begin : 

I " <0 

For other copies see Bodl. Cat., 180-183 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 214- 
218; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 244 sq. See also for Babar and the 
Memoirs, Elliot, "History of India," iv, pp. 218-287; William 
Erskine, " The Life of Babar," two vols., London, a.d. 1854 ; Stanley 
Lane-Poole, "Babar," Oxford, a.d. 1899; Henry Beveridge, "Babar 
Padshah Ghdm" (in the Calcutta Review, July, 1887); ibid., 



^ 



180 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

"Babar's Diamond: "Was it the Koh-i-Nur ? " (in the Asiatic 
Quarterly Review, April, 1899); ibid., "Was 'Abdu'r-rahim the 
translator of Babar's Memoirs ?" (in the Asiatic Quarterly Review, 
July and October, 1900); Annette S. Beveridge, "Notes on the 
Turk! Text of the Babar-nama" (in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic 
Society, July, 1900, July, 1902, October, 1905, and January, 1906). 
The work has been translated into English by Dr. J. Leyden and 
"William Erskine, "Memoirs of Zehir-ed-din Muhammad Baber," 
London, a.d. 1826, second edition, a.d. 1844; and by M. Caldecott, 
" Life of Baber," abridged from the Memoirs, London, a.d. 1844. 
A reproduction of the Memoirs in German is called Denkwiir-digkeiten 
des Zehir-eddin Muh. Babar, A. Kaiser (Leipzig, a.d. 1828). 

(S. M. Binning, I.C.S.) 



206. 

Waqi'at-i Babarl. 

Fols. 203 ; 10* in. by 7 in. ; 15 lines, each 4i in. long ; written in 
fair Nasta'llq on glazed paper ; bound in plain leather ; dated a.h. 1303 
(a.d. 1885) ; copyist, Mirza. Sayyid Muhammad-Shah Shahani. 

Another complete copy of the Memoirs of Babar, which begins like 
the first copy. 



207. 

Waqi'at-i Babari. 

Fols. 318 ; 9f in. by 6iin. ; 15 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq ; probably copied in the twelfth century of the Hijrah. 

This MS. of the Memoirs is incomplete. It contained the usual 
introduction, but this is mostly gone, and two leaves are wanting at 
the end. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 181 

208. 

A'in-i Akbarl. 

Fols. 249 ; 15f in. by 8f in. ; 27 lines, each 6f-in. long ; written in 
clear JNasta'liq, with headings in red ; coloured lines round the pages ; 
dated a.h. 1197 (a.d. 1782). 

This is a good copy containing numerous tables of the well-known 
A'm or institutes of the Emperor Akbar the Great. This work, which 
is usually regarded as a Third Volume or Supplement to the Akbar - 
namah (see above, No. 78), is by the same author, Shaikh Abu al- 
Fazl " 'Allaml." It contains a most minute description and record 
of Akbar' s government in all its departments, revenues, statistics, 
languages, sciences, religions, laws, physical character, climate, etc. 

Begins : 

y ) ^ j c^^ji^ ^ f $) uV **A j d *** «-^ 

Cf. Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 112; Bodl. Cat., 213-216; Rieu 
(B.M.P. Cat.), p. 248, 251 sq. ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 91 sq. ; 
Ethe (1.0. Cat.), 264-270; Browne (Camb. Cat.), p. 166; etc. The 
work has been edited by H. Blochmann, in the Bibliotheca Indica, 
Calcutta, a.h. 1294 (a.d. 1877); English translation by the same, in 
the same collection, vol. i, Calcutta, 1873. Another abridged 
translation was published by Francis Gladwin, a.h. 1198-1201 
(a.d. 1783-1786), Calcutta, three vols. ; reprinted, London, a.d. 1800, 
two vols. 

{David Anderson.) 

209. 

A'in-i Akbari. 

Eols. 204 ; 8^ in. by 4f in. ; 13 lines, each 3^ in. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in gilt-stamped leather ; 
not dated. 

Another copy of the same A 'in, containing merely an abridged 
account of the following Subahs (provinces) : 



182 



MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 



I. 

II. 

III. 

IV. 

V. 

VI. 

VII. 

VIII. 

IX. 

X. 



Bengal folio 2a. 



Bihar . 

Oudh . . 

Agra . . 

Malwah . 
Khandesh 
Berar 

Gujarat . 

Ajmere . 
Dehll 



45£. 

846. 

Mb. 
U\a. 
136a. 
1406. 
150«. 
184«. 
1966. 



(The account of the last Subah breaks off abruptly.) 



210. 

A'In-i Akbarl. 

Fols. 92 ; 8f in. by 6^ in. ; 13 lines ; each 3£ in. long ; written in 
clear E"asta'llc[, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; slightly 
injured on the margins by insects ; not dated. 

Another copy of the A'ln, merely an abridgement of some of the 
minor institutes. It begins like the preceding copy. 

(David Anderson.) 



211. 

Tuzuk-i Jahangiri. 

Fols. 99; 8f in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines, each 3|- in. long; written in 
small Nasta'Hq-shikastah-amiz ; coloured lines round the pages ; 
bound in stamped leather; copied by Mulla 'Abd al-Wajid in the 
third year of Farrukhsiyar's reign, a.h. 1127 (a.d. 1716). 

A fuller version of the so-called spurious Memoirs of the Emperor 
2uir-al-DIn Muhammad Jahangir (d.-A.n:. 1037, a.d. 1627), containing 
an account of the transactions of the first thirteen - years of his reign 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 183 

(a.h. 1014-1027, a.d. 1605-1617). They were translated into 
English by Major D. Price, London, a.d. 1829. The authentic 
Memoirs were written originally by Jahangir himself, probably like 
those of Babar (see above Nos. 205-207), in the Chaghatari Turk! 
interspersed with verses in Persian, for the Moghul Emperors down to 
and including Muhammad-Shah spoke that language in their private 
life. It is a historical fact that in order to extricate himself from 
the influence of the Sayyids, the two King-makers, inasmuch as these 
men were unacquainted with Turki, Muhammad-Shah propounded his 
schemes for their overthrow in the presence of one of them with his 
trustworthy counsellors on the plea that he was forgetting the tongue 
of his ancestors. The Memoirs, however, were either translated or 
copied if they were in Persian, and distributed amongst the governors 
and commanders by the order of Jahangir. The extracts translated 
by James Anderson, in the Asiatic Miscellany, vol. ii, pp. 71 and 172, 
a.d. 1785-1786, are taken from the genuine memoirs styled <L*l3 .-iolp- 
(the Jahangir-namah), not from the present or the following copy. 
The oldest copy of the present spurious memoirs, dated a.h. 1040 
(a.d. 1630), and made only three years after Jahanglr's death, has been 
described by Morley in his Eoyal Asiatic Society Catalogue, p. 112 sq. 

The present copy, in which unfortunately fol. 1 is missing, contains 
in addition to the Memoirs a collection of moral maxims, etc., under 
the title of ^.Sj^z*- J).*.x\\ jj^£ (" The Dastur al-'Amal-i 
Jahangir! "), written on the margin, fol. 82 b. It concludes with a 
genealogy of Jahangir traced to Tlmur and carried down to 
Earrukhsiyar. It further contains references to Khan-i 'Alam and 
the transactions of the thirteenth year. This, the last portion, was 
added by a new hand in the twenty-sixth year of Muhammad-Shah's 
reign, a.h. 1157 (a.d. 1744). 

Cf., for the Memoirs generally, Elliot, Hist, of India, vi, p. 276 sq. ; 
Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), loc. cit. ; Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), p. 253 sq. ; 
Bodl. Cat, 219-222; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 305-311 ; Aumer (Munich 
Cat,), p. 93 sq. ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), pp. 169-171; etc. The 
authentic memoirs in the above-mentioned <0<*[jj*£j\§>- were con- 
tinued under the Emperor's supervision by Mu'tamad-Ehan (see below) 
to the nineteenth year of Jahanglr's reign, They were re-edited, 
with a preface added to it, and brought down, to the end of the reign 



184 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

by Muhammad Had!, and this revised edition was published by Sayyid 
Ahmad Khan (afterwards Sir) under the title of the " Toozuk-i 
Jehangeeree," Ally Gurh ('Aligarh), a.h. 1281 (a.d. 1864). 

{David Anderson.) 

212. 

Tuzuk-i Jahangiri. 
Fols. 141 ; 8iin. by 5 J in. ; 12 lines, each 3|-in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; copied much earlier than 
a.h. 1157 (a.d. 1744), probably in the reign of Farrukhsiyar. 

This is another copy of the spurious Memoirs of Jahangir. It 
agrees closely with cxix in Morley's Boyal Asiatic Society Catalogue, 
and contains after the Memoirs the book of advice, the Pand-namah 
(<C«\j.soj), on fol. 1815, which was added by I'timad al-Daulah the 
"Wazir (see fol. 131#). 

Begins : 

Cf. Morley, loc. cit. ; Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 254 ; Bodl. Cat., 
222; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 309-311 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 94 ; etc. 

{James Anderson.) 

213. 

Iqbal-Nama-i Jahangiri. 

Fols. 143 ; 8-i-in. by 4£ in. ; 19 lines, each 3 in. long ; written in 
good Nasta'llq, with headings in red ; bears seals of the owner, 
Muhammad Shafi', poetically styled " Munshl " (a.h. 1150, a.d. 1737). 

This is the third volume of a comprehensive history of the Moghul 
Emperors Akbar and Jahangir, continuing the latter's reign from his 
accession (a.h. 1014, a.d. 1605) to his death (a.h. 1037, a.d. 1627), 
by Muhammad Sharif of Persia entitled Mu'tamad-Khan, a nobleman 
of Jahangir' s time, who after the death of Mlr-Jumlah was appointed 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 185 

Mir-Bakhshi by Shahjahan. He died, a.h. 1049 (a.d. 1639). The 
work was undertaken by the author at the desire of Shahjahan in 
the seventeenth year of that monarch's reign. The first and second 
volumes of the Iqbal-namah contained the history of Babar, Humayun, 
and Akbar. 
Begins : 

See Elliot, Hist, of India, vi, pp. 400-438; Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), 
i, p. 255, and iii, p. 922 ; Morley (K.A.S. Cat.), p. 120 ; Aumer 
(Munich Cat.), p. 92 ; Bodl. Cat., 224-230 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 314-323 ; 
Browne (Canib. Cat.), pp. 171-172 ; Stewart (Descriptive Cat.), p. 14 ; 
etc. It has been printed in the Bibliotheca Indica, Calcutta, a.h. 1282 
(a.d. 1865), andLucknow, a.h. 1286 (a.d. 1869). 

(David Anderson.') 

214. 

'Alamgir-namah. 

Fols. 661 ; 8f in. by 5|-in. ; 15 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
neat Nasta'llq, on thin glazed paper of a variety of colours ; bound in 
leather, covered with paper ; illuminated frontispiece ; probably 
copied a little after the death of the author ; bears an inscription that 
it was bought through Hakim Muhammad 'Adil, a.h. 1177 (a.d. 1763). 

A copy in good preservation of a detailed history of the first ten 
years (a.h. 1067-1078, a.d. 1656-1668) of the reign of Abu-al Zafar 
Muhyl al-Din Muhammad Aurangzib, the Emperor 'Alamglr, who 
died at the age of ninety, a.h. 1118 (a.d. 1707). The work was 
compiled under the supervision of the Emperor by Mirza, Muhammad 
Kazim, who succeeded his father, Muhammad Amin, as secretary to 
'Alamglr. The composition of this work is in excellent style. A Shah- 
namah, a Ruz-narnah, and an Akhbar-i Hasaniyyah are other works 
attributed to Mubammad Kazim, who, according to Muhammad 
b. B-ustam b. Qubad in his Ta'rikh-i Muhammad!, died, a.h. 1092 
(a.d. 1681). 



186 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Begins : 

Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 267, and iii, p. 1083J ; Morley 
(R.A.S.Cat.), p. 125; Bodl. Cat., 243; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 347-357; 
Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 97 ; etc. See also Elliot, Hist, of India, 
vii, p. 174 sq., where some extracts in English translation are quoted. 
It has been printed in the Bibliotheca Indica, Calcutta, a.h. 1282-1285 
(a.d. 1865-1868). 

(David Anderson.) 

215. 

'Alamgir-namah. 

Eols. 300 ; 12J in. by 7 in. ; 19 lines, each h\ in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'llq; copied for the donor, a.h. 1193 (a.d. 1779). 

This is another copy of the same history of 'Alamgir. Unfortunately 

sume eight folios are wanting at the beginning. 

{James Anderson.') 



216. 

Maasir-i 'Alamglri. 

Eols. 305 ; 10J in. by 6iin. ; 15 lines, each 4£ in. long ; written in 
Nasta'liq ; illuminated frontispiece; bound in stamped leather; 
repaired margins ; copied at Shahjahanabad (Dehli) by La'1-Chand, 
a Kayath, in the fourteenth year of Muhammad - Shah's reign, 
a.h. 1145 (a.d. 1732). 

A history of the complete reign of the Emperor 'Alamgir, from 
a.h. 1067 (a.d. 1656) to his death, a.h. 1118 (a.d. 1707). It was 
compiled, a.h. 1122 (a.d. 1710), by Musta'idd - Khan, surnamed 
Muhammad SaqI, who was secretary to 'Inayat-allah Eh* 11 ' This 
nobleman was the favourite record writer of 'Alamgir and sub- 
sequently rose successively to the dignity of Governor of Kashmir and 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 187 

"Wazir to Shah- 'Ham. The author had been an eye-witness of many 
of the incidents recorded, as he had been connected with the Court 
for about forty years. He died, according to Muhammad b. Eustam 
b. Qubad in his Ta'rikh-i Muhammad!, a.h. 1136 (a.d. 1723), at 
Dehll at the age of seventy-five. 

In this work, which consists of two unequal parts, only the second 
and larger portion, comprising the history of 'Alamglr's reign from 
the beginning of the eleventh year to the end, is Musta'idd-Khan's 
own work, while the first portion, fols. 1-38, added to complete the 
account of the reign, is a mere extract from the history of the first ten 
years by Muhammad Kazim (see above). 

The first part begins : 
jjj£ '\jj*j\ t-i-jiy cuIa^JI . i^Mrj l/*^ j W^ ^-^■ s -** c-AsLj^ 

^ - JC, 

The second part, on fol. 385, begins with an introduction : 

Cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 270, and iii, p. 10833 ; Morley 
(R.A.S. Cat.), p. 127 ; Bodl. Cat., 247 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 365-369 ; 
Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), p. 22 ; etc. See also Elliot, Hist, of 
India, vii, p. 181 sq., where some extracts in English are given. It 
has been printed in the Bibliotheca Indica, Calcutta (see Supplement). 

{James Anderson.) 

217. 

Maasir-i 'Alamglri. 

Eols. 292; 9fin. by 6£ in. ; 15 lines, each 31in.-3fin. long- 
written in clear JSTasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in stamped 
leather ; copied by Bahat 'All, a disciple of Pir Ghulam-Sahib ; 
not dated. 

■ The same work as above. The history of the first ten years of the 
reign ends on fol. Q8b. 

Begins in the usual manner. 

• " ■ •■ __ ■ (David Anderson.) 



188 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

218. 

Futiihat-i 'AlamgM. 

Fols. 156 ; 8f in. by 4f in. ; 14-19 lines, each 3|-in. long; written 
in Nasta'liq-shikastah-arniz ; not dated. 

A history of the Emperor 'Alaniglr from the time of his rise to 
power to the 34th year of his reign (a. h. 1101-1102, a.d. 1689-1690), 
by Isar-Das, of Pattan. 

In the preface the author states that most of the valuable information 

for this history he gathered from his association with the Shaikh 

al-Islam, who, according to the author of the Maasir-i 'Alarngirl (see 

above, No. 216), was a son of QazI 'Abdal-Wahhab, and had succeeded 

him, a.h. 1086 (a.d. 1675), in the dignity of a chief judge. 

The work is divided into seven sawanih (chapters) : — 

I. Fol. 36. Shahj ahan's sickness, Darashikuh fortifies the capital, 

his treachery, and the troubles consequent upon it throughout 

the Empire ; defeat of Prince Shuja' by Sulaimanshikuh 

son of Dara. 

II. Fol. 126. Aurangzib's offer of friendship to his real brother 

Murad-Bakhsh, his march on Akbarabad (Agra), meeting 

and co-operation of the two brothers near Uj jain ; they defeat 

Maharajah Jaswant- Singh, who had come to oppose them ; 

they next encounter and put to flight Dara, and occupy 

Akbarabad. 

III. Fol. 23b. Murad recovers from his wounds ; Aurangzlb 

takes leave of Murad to go towards Shahjahanabad (Dehli) 

in pursuit of Dara. ; the confederates of Murad having 

intimated to him their suspicions of Aurangzib's treachery, 

he follows him. Aurangzlb imprisons Murad and his son, 

and is proclaimed Emperor at Dehli ; Aurangzib's letter to 

his brother Shuja' asking him to remain content with the 

rule of Bengal; Shuja' is incensed and continues his 

preparations ; Aurangzlb marches to encounter him ; a battle 

is fought at Khajurah in the district of Qurah ; Shuja', 

defeated, flees to Bengal, with Prince Mu'az_zam in pursuit ; 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 189 

details of Jaswant-Singh's treachery ; movements of Dara ; 
Aurangzlb marches to Ajmere, and there defeats Dara, who 
on his way to Tattah is seized by a Zamindar and put to 
death. Later Shuja' is defeated, and flees towards Mecca. 
On the journey he is said to have been drowned ; account of 
the death of Murad ; Aurangzib's Farmans, Shayistah-Khau, 
Jaswant- Singh, and others are despatched against Siwaji 
in the Deccan ; the Imperial army suffers defeat ; Siwajl's 
ravages ; etc. 
IV. Fol. 61«. Aurangzib leaves Dehli, and marches towards the 
Deccan ; Siwaji surrenders to Jey-Singh, and is sent to 
Dehli ; his subsequent escape. 
The remaining events of Aurangzib's reign are divided by rubrics, 
but are no longer numbered. 

The revolt and subsequent annihilation of a tribe named Mundhai, 

on fol. 685. 
The affairs of Kabul, on fol. 69a. 

Aurangzib's march against the Rana, of Chitur, on fol. 8la. 
Revolt of Prince Muhammad Akbar and Aurangzib's capture of 

BZaidarabad and Bljapur, on fol. 825. 
Salere and other forts taken in the Karnatic, on fol. 108a. 
Division and allotment of the castles taken from Sambhajl, etc., 

on fol. 1125. 
After recording numerous other captures, the author in the last few 
pages describes the circumstances of the death of Aghur-Khan in the 
neighbourhood of Akbarabad, at the hands of plundering Jats, on 
fol. 1525; the transfer, appointment, and increase in the allowances 
of various personages ; submission of Durga-Das ; etc. 

There are no dates given of any of the events, but, from consulting 
other works on the same subject, the latest events happened in 
a.h. 1101-1102 (a.d. 1689-1690), in the 34th year of Aurangzib's 
reign. 
Begins : 

Cf. Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 269 ; etc. 

(David Anderson.) 



190 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 



219. 



Raqa'im-i Kara'im. 

Fols. 23 ; 8f in. by 5f in. ; 14 lines, each 3f in. long ; written in 
good N/asta'liq, in the same handwriting as the Shuqqaha-u Kalimat-i 
'Alamgir (see below) ; not dated. 

A collection of letters written by 'Alamgir to Amir-Khan and 
others. These were collected, as stated in the introduction, after the 
death of Amir-Khan (circa a.h. 1131, a.d. 1719), by his son Sayyid 
Ashraf-Khan (Mir Muhammad Husaini), from the remnants left by 
his father. Amir-Khan Sindhi (Mir 'Abd al-Karim) was the son of 
Amir-Khan (Abu al-Baqa), and grandson of Qasim-Khan (Abu 
al-Qasim " Namakin " of Herat). He was appointed to various posts 
during the reign of 'Alamgir, Bahadur- Shah, and Earrukhsiyar. The 
collection here contains letters mostly written to Amir- Khan, with 
brief notes and orders of the Emperor. 

Begins : 



»i.jlj ^y*\ ^uU- Jcjb SjtS • d-vuujlj>- ^ 



Cf. Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), p. 4003 ; Bodl. Cat., 253 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 

375-378 ; Elliot, Hist, of India, vii, p. 204 ; Ouseley's Collection, 

343; etc. 

(James Anderson.) 



220. 

Shuqqaha-u Kalimat-i 'Alamgir. 

Eols. 18 ; 8| in. by 5|in. ; 14 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
good Nasta'liq ; slightly damaged by insects ; not dated. 

A collection of royal letters and notes of the Emperor 'Alamgir. 
The letters are addressed to his son Muhammad A'zam-Shah. (This 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 191 

Prince, "who was the third son of 'Alamgir, was crowned on the 
10th Zulhijjah, a.h. 1118, the 4th March, a.d. 1707, at Ahmadabad, 
after the death of his father. But in a battle fought against his 
eldest brother, Bahadur-Shah, he was killed near Agra, on the 
18th KabI' I, a.h. 1119, the 8th June, a.d. 1707.) 

Begins : 
^jj\)~> \\ Si\ s^lii-y iJSj* ^i) 4i uSj\)& \j t_^«s1 *U- ^J\s. AJjji 



For other letters see below. 



i? 



[James Anderson.) 



221. 

Shuqqaha-i 'Alamgir. 

Fols. 14; 8f in. by 5f in. ; 14 lines, each 3f-in. long; written in 
good Nasta'llq, in the same handwriting as the Baqa'im-i Kara'im, 
etc. ; not dated. 

This is another collection of letters written by 'Alamgir to the same 
Prince Muhammad A'zam-Shah. 
Begins : 

For other collections see above ; and also Bodl. Cat., 254 ; Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 383; etc. 

{James Anderson.') 



222. 

Shuqqa-i 'Alamgir. 

Fol. 1; 8fin. by 5f in. ; 14 lines, each 3fin. long; written in 
good JSTasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the Raqa'im-i Kara'im, 
etc. ; not dated. 



192 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

A letter written by 'Alamgir to his son, the same Prince Muhammad 
A'zam-Shah, during the siege (probably of Gulkundah, a.h. 1107, 
a.d. 1695). 

Begins : 

(James Anderson.) 
223. 

Sa'at-i Nahzat ki 'Alamgir namudand. 

Eols. 8; 8f in. by 5fin. ; 14 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
good Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the Raqa'im-i Kara'im, 
etc. ; not dated. 

A record of the movements and encampments of the Emperor 
'Alamgir, from the third RabI' II, a.h. 1066 (a.d. 1665), to the 
fourth Jumada II, a.h. 1099 (a.d. 1687), the 34th year of his 
reign. Besides the places of encampment, the length of stay and the 
time taken to pass from one place to another are also recorded. 

(James Anderson.) 
224. 

Dastur al-'Amal-i Badshahi. 

Eols. 16 ; 8f in. by 5f in. ; 14 lines, each 3f in. long ; written in 
good Nasta'llq, in the same handwriting as the Raqa'im-i Kara'im, 
etc. ; not dated. 

An abridged official manual of the Indian Empire. The original 
was drawn up probably in 'Alamgir's time. In this copy the folios 
are misplaced. It begins, in the present arrangement, on fol. 5b, 
without an introduction, and contains an account of the allowances 
of the officials of various grades, names of Easli months, revenues and 
area of the Empire, distance from Shahjahanabad (Dehli) to various 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 193 

places, and the divisions and revenues of each of the following Subahs 

(provinces) : — Akbarabad, Ajinere, Allahabad, Panjab, Oudh, Multan, 

Kabul, Kashmir, Gujarat, Bihar, Tattah, Shahjahanabad, Malwah, 

Dakkan, Aurangabad, Berar, Khandesh, Zafarabad, Bangalah (two 

Subahs), Bljapur, and Haidarabad. 

(James Anderson.) 

225. 

l>jt. J^~ ^A) I j+~> 

Siyar al-Muta'akhkhirin. 

Fols. 451 ; 12 in. by 7i in. ; 23 lines, each 5 in. long; written in 
large and clear JSTasta'liq, with headings in red ; probably copied in 
the latter part of the twelfth century of the Hijrah ; two uniform vols. 
in one. 

This is a good copy of an elaborate history of the Muhammadan 
Empire in India, from a.h. 1118 (a.d. 1707), the year of 'Alamgir's 
death, to a.h. 1195 (a.d. 1781), by Grhulam Husain b. Hidayat 'All 
Khan-Bahadur Asad-Jang b. al-Sayyid 'Allm-allah b. al-Sayyid Faiz- 
allah al-Tabataba'I al-Hasani of 'Azimabad. The author was also 
a near relation of Nawwab 'All Wardi Khan. 

It is stated in the preface that the present work was begun early, 
a.h. 1194 (a.d. 1780), and completed after a labour of nineteen 
months. 

Contents : — 

Vol. I. This goes down to a.h. 1152 (a.d. 1739-1740), the end of 
the 22nd year of the Emperor Muhammad- Shah's reign, and 
includes a general history of the Moghul Empire, with 
a detailed account of the affairs in Bengal, including a critical 
examination of the progress, policy, and government of the 
English. 

Begins : 
•J\ _ Jisj-j i^-v*.iic i-ir,b jll) ^XJ\ i_s±,*j~} fJLi\^»^ (jwLiLj ^/*A-~j 

Vol. II. This, on fol. 3345, is a continuation of the history of 
the empire from the commencement of the 23rd year of 

13 



194 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Muhammad-Shah's reign, a.h. 1153 (a.d. 1740), to the 
time of composition, a.h. 1195 (a.d. 1781). 
Begins : 
lp\ _ sUl { j M .s.j\ Ji-ll^ (juul.j-sj il.i} jiW\ L: aliab (_^l^ &*>- 

An appendix to this last vol., on fol. 4235, contains a description of 
the character of some of the principal actions and policy of 'Alamgir. 
Begins : 

An English version of this work without the Muqaddimah, which 

was printed, Calcutta, a.h. 1252 (a.d. 1836), under the supervision of 

Maulawl 'Abd al-Majid, was published at Calcutta by a French 

gentleman called Hajl Mustafa (who had embraced Islam), a.h. 1204 

(a.d. 1789). Only a portion of that translation was edited and 

reprinted by General Briggs, London, a.d. 1832, and the portion 

relating to the transactions in Bengal was translated and included in 

his " History of the Deccan," vol. ii, pp. 313-461, by Jonathan Scott. 

The whole work was published at Calcutta, a.h. 1249 (a.d. 1833) ; 

and Lucknow, a.h. 1283 (a.d. 1866). It has been translated into 

Urdu by Bakhshish 'All. For other notices of this work see Elliot, 

Hist, of India, viii, pp. 194-198 ; Morley (B.A.S. Cat.), p. 105 sq. ; 

Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, pp. 280-281 ; Bodl. Cat., 265 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 

416-421 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 85; etc. 

{James Anderson.) 

226. 

^ ; <~\^\\ j^ 

Siyar al-Muta'akhkhirln. 

Eols. 440 ; 13 in. by 8|m. ; 23 lines, each 5iin. long ; written in 
large and clear ISasta'ltq, with headings in red ; bound in gilt- 
otamped leather ; probably copied in the latter part of the twelfth 
century a.h. ; two uniform vols, in one. 

This is another complete copy, and in good preservation, of the work 

described above. The second vol. begins on fol. 3313, and the 

appendix on fol. 412«. 

{David Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 195 

227. 

Muharaba-u Musalaha-i Muhammad- Shah ba Nadir-Shah. 

Fols. 16 ; 8f in. by 5f in. ; 14 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
good Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the Kaqa'im-i Kara'im, 
etc. ; not dated. 

This is an anonymous account of the war and the subsequent peace 
between Muhammad- Shah, of India, and Nadir-Shah, of Persia, in the 
21st year of the reign of the former monarch, a.h. 1152 (a.d. 1739). 

Begins : 
< nL»]| ^^J C— kIs^ ^i\\ ijL+i .... aj^ls'* l^-v-jL.£ ^Lj 

i?l — Hiij\ &J**o Js\j ,t>lgJ (^jl^- C^?jl*-j 
{James Anderson.) 

228. 

Bhao-namah. 

Fols. 67; 7iin. by 4fin. ; 9 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ink ; transcribed in Bihar for 
the donor, a.h. 1199 (a.d. 1784). 

An account of the third decisive battle, which was fought at 
Panlpat, on the 6th Jumada II, a.h. 1174 (14th January, a.d. 1761), 
between Ahmad- Shah Abdali (Durrani-Shah, who died at the age of 
fifty after a reign of twenty-six years, a.h. 1182, a.d. 1772) and the 
Marathas, when the power of the latter, who were under the leader- 
ship of Sadasheo-Bhao, son of Chimnaji, and nephew of Balaji-Baji- 
Rao, the Peshwa, was utterly crushed. This account was written by 
a Hindu (in the service of Nawwab Shuja' al-Daulah), who was 
present at the famous battle. 

Begins : 

{David Anderson.) 



196 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

229. 

Bhao-namah. 

Pols. 28 ; 9\ in. by 8^ in. ; 15 lines, each 3 J in. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'liq ; thick paper covers ; copied for the donor at Par 
(Bihar district), a.h. 1198 (a.b. 1783-1784). 

This work is the same as above. 

[David Anderson.) 

230. 

i-»i« &br-£> <k3)W>- (J.»*x!l i»U-St> 

Dastur al-'Amal-i Khalisah-i Sharifah, etc. 

Fols. 294 ; 7-J in. by 4J in. ; written in clear Nasta'liq on white 
water-marked paper ; bound in full calf ; not dated. 

A collection of useful notes on miscellaneous subjects. The con- 
tents are briefly : — 

General matters in connection with the administration of the king- 
doms of Hindustan and Persia. Explanations of terms used to 
indicate the various officials from the King downwards, their duties, 
ranks, titles, etc. ; brief notes on the geography and history of some 
of the important provinces adjoining to and including Persia and 
Hindustan ; the names of the numerous kings who ruled over those 
provinces, with periods of their reigns ; the varieties of paper and 
documents ; the names of Arabic, Persian, and Hindi calendar months, 
weeks, and days ; numerals ; time-tables ; enumeration of the 
alphabet ; the varieties of soil ; weights and measures ; rules for 
making official treasury and stewards' records ; the duties of the 
'Amils (collectors) ; the technical terms for all vai'ieties of articles of 
apparel, ornament, etc. ; the definition of most of the names ending 
with " Khanah" e.g. Jawahir - Kliunah (jewel house), and, last, 
though not least, notes on Persian grammar and composition, and 
subjects usually treated in verse by the Persian poets : The address 
to the Almighty and praise of the Prophet ; Suflism ; love ; music ; 
scenery ; satire ; grief ; advice ; history ; travel ; courage ; etc. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 197 

The author, under the headings of each and every section, has quoted 
selected verses from some hundreds of different poets, who flourished 
in Persia and India. 
Begins : 

'J\ — (^-%5-Lai ^{$>- \j^j\s^^i &i£j i& ~jL«jj Ju.=»- ksus? 

(David Anderson.) 

(4) History of Provinces and Minor Dynasties of India. 
(i) Bengal. 

231. 

Ta'rikh-i Bangalah. 

Fols. 192 ; 9 in. hy 5 J in. ; 11 lines, each 2f in. long; written in 
good Nasta'llq ; bound in stamped leather ; not dated. 

A history of Bengal, compiled, as the author states in his preface, 
by the order of Nawwab Nasir al-Mulk Shams al-Daulah Bahadur 
Tahawwur-Jang (Mr. Henry Vansittarfc, Governor of Port William, 
a.d. 1760-1764). It commences with the insurrection of Subha- 
Singh, a Zamlndar in the Bard wan district, a.h. 1107 (a.d. 1695), 
during the Government of Ibrahim-Khan, Nazim of Bengal in the 
reign of the Emperor 'Alamgir, and treats of the affairs of Bengal, to 
the death (a.h. 1169, a.d. 1755) of Mirza Muhammad 'All, styled 
" Mahabat-Khan," or, as he is more commonly called, " 'All Ward! 
Khan," who had usurped the government of Bengal (see below), and 
the accession of his nephew and son-in-law, Mirza Mahmud, better 
known by his title " Siraj al-Daulah," a.h. 1169 (a.d. 1756). 

The author, whose name does not appear, is Salim-allah. 

This work has been translated into English under the name of the 
"Narrative of the transactions in Bengal," by Prancis Gladwin, 
Calcutta, a.h. 1306 (a.d. 1888). The present copy is incomplete. 

Begins : 
^jl^'^.^ j i_f uj jJ.^Lj j c^auj ,^ J>»;s-»n ^_^\p-'« Jt&xs* \j s^s- 

Cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 3123. ^ 

(David Anderson.) 



198 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

232. 

- 

Ta'rikh-i 'AH Ward! Khan. 
(UK> — — 

Fols. idf; 9 in. by 5f in. ; 11 lines, each 2-Jin. long ; written in 

good Nasta'liq, on thin yellowish paper ; bound in stamped leather ; 

not dated. 

History of Mirza, Muhammad 'All, styled "Mahabat-Jang" (or better 
known as 'All Ward! Khan), from his birth until the year a.h. 1164 
(a.d. 1750), when the Marathas were expelled from Balisore and 
Kattak. The author's name in this work does not appear. 

'AH WardI Khan was the son of Mirza Muhammad Madani, a Turk, 
who was in the service of Prince Muhammad A'zam-Shah. The 
titles were conferred on him by 'Alamgir, through the influence of 
Murshid Quli Ja'far - Khan, Governor of Bengal. 'All gradually 
worked his way up, until, in an action, a.h. 1153 (a.d. 1740), he 
defeated and slew Sarfaraz-Khan, and usurped the government of the 
three provinces, Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa, and ruled over them for 
about 16 years, till he died, at the age of eighty years, on Saturday, 
the 9th Rajab, a.h. 1169 (10th April, a.d. 1756). He was succeeded 
by his grand-nephew and grandson, Mirza Mahniud, or more commonly, 
" Siraj al-Daulah." 

Begins without a preface : 

{David Anderson.) 



233. 



j^irs^^r 'fy^ 



Ta'rlkh-i Jahangirnagar. 



Fols. 20 ; 6 1 in. by 4ir in. ; nine lines, each 3 in. long ; written in 
Nasta'llq-shikastah-amlz ; bound in plain leather ; not dated. 

A brief account of Jahangirnagar, or, as it is commonly called, 
Dacca, in Bengal, from the time of its conquest by Akbar to the 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 199 

nizamat or governorship of Husain al~DIn Khan, abont the beginning 
of Shah- 'Alain's reign. It is stated that the account for this work 
has been extracted from the historical works on the great Moghul 
Emperors. 
Begins : 

(A. J. Malan.) 



(ii) Kasjtmir. 
234. 

Khulasat al-Tawarikh-i Kashmir. 

Fols. 71; 8fin. by 5£ in. ; 13 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
good Nasta'Hq ; dated a.h. 1278 (a.d. 1861). 

This work (copied for the donor by one of the compilers from the 
holograph copy) is a short history of Kashmir from the earliest 
times. It was begun originally at the desire of some English 
officials by Mirza Saif al-Din, who held the post of record writer 
in Kashmir, and brought down by him to a.h. 1277 (a.d. 1859), 
but he died a year later. Some time after, the donor, on his 
appointment as British Agent in Kashmir, requested the brother and 
successor in office of the deceased, Mirza Muhyi al-Din, to continue 
and complete it ; and he accordingly (see colophon) added a few 
subsequent events which had come under his own observation and 
finished the work on the 22nd October, a.d. 1861. In the intro- 
duction it is stated that the material for this work was obtained 
from some old books of the Shastris in Sanskrit, and those of Malik - 
Haidar Chadavari (b. Hasan-Malik b. Kamal al-Din Muhammad Naji 
b. Malik-Kusrat, better known as Ba'ls al-Mulki, who completed 
his work, a.h. 1030, a.d. 1621), Muhammad 'Azain Didahmarl 
(b. Khair-i Zaman-Khan, who completed his " Waqi'at-i Kashmir," 
a.h. 1160, a.d. 1747), Narayan-Kul (poetically styled "'Aziz," 



200 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

a Brahman, who completed his work, a.h. 1122, a.d. 1710), Mir 
Sa'd-allah ShahabadI, and Purbar- Pandit Kachrii. 
Begins : 

L^— £s>- j~a.Jj£ Cp"i\s>~ i J .^(3'^s:' 1, ^-Jl *£ tX-Ju.3 X&*JZ>j} .La*'« Ja_J 



{?-> 



{General Courtland.) 



(iii) SfJEATH. 

235. 

^J^ t ) 
Waqa'i' Surath. 

Pols. 105 ; 8| in. by 6J in. ; 14 lines, each 4f in. long ; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah, with headings in red ; copied at the request of 
the donor from a MS. belonging to one of the descendants of the 
author by Mihrban, son of Parldiin Pars! Irani, a.h. 1287 (a.d. 1870). 

A history of Siirat (ancient Surashtara) in Gujarat, compiled for his 
son Sunkar-Parshad, from official sources and what came under his 
own observation, by Kanchurji, son of Amarji, Diwan of Junagarh 
(the largest state in Kathiyawar). The work, which treats especially 
of the history of Junagarh and Naunagar, from the earliest times, 
was completed on "Wednesday in Jeth of Samwat, 1886 (16th Zulhijjah, 
a.h. 1245, 9th June, a.d. 1830). It is also known as the Ta'rikh-i 
Surath. All the dates given are in the Samwat Era. 

Begins : 

For extracts from this work see Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), iii, p. 104I« I. 

An English translation was published by James Burgess (the donor) 

at Bombay, a.h. 1299 (i.d. 1882). There is also a Gujarat! version, 

according to him, but only in MS. 

{James Burgess, CLE., LL.D.) 






PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 201 

(iv) Rohilla- Afghans. 
236. 

Ta'rlkh-i Faiz Bakhsh. 

Fols. 204 ; 7f in. by 4f in. ; 13 lines, each 3^ in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah-aruiz ; not elated. 

A history of the Rohilla-Afghans from their first settlement in 
Kathar (Rohilkand) to their defeat, a.h. 1188 (a.d. 1774), by Shiw- 
Parshad, who was in the service of Nawwab Faiz-allah Khan. 

In the introduction after the Praise, the author dwells on the seven 
virtues of his master, the beauties of the city of Eampur and the 
river Kiisi, on winch it stands. He further states that when sent to 
negotiate at Balgram with the Colonel in command of the British 
force he became acquainted with Captain Kirkpatrick, who introduced 
him to his brother, and it was at the latter's request that the 
present work was compiled and completed by the author, a.h. 1190 
(a.d. 1776). 

It is supposed that Mr. Charles Hamilton founded his " Historical 
relation of the origin, progress and final dissolution of the Rohilla- 
Afghans," London, a.d. 1787, on this work, but this is doubtful. 
Although Hamilton's work is substantially the same, he states that 
the author of the work from which he took his material was an 
Af gh an, whereas in this case the author was a Hindu. 

After the introduction the author gives a brief account of the 
former Afghan chiefs from Shir-Shah Sur to 'Adili (on fol. 10£). 
This is followed by the history proper of the Rohilla chiefs from the 
appointment of Shah- 'Alain-Khan and his brother Hasan-Khan in 
Rohilkand during Shahjahan's reign (on fol. 13a), and 'All Muhammad- 
Khan, the grandson of the former (from fol. 14£). The book ends 
with the victory gained over the Rohillas by Nawwab Shuja' al- 
Daulah assisted by his English allies at Lai -Dang, a.h. 1188 
(a.d. 1744), the subsequent peace and settlement. 

Begins : 



202 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

For details of contents see Elliot, Hist, of India, viii, pp. 175-179 ; 
cf. also Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 3063; Bodl. Cat., 1972 ; etc. 

{David Anderson.) 

(v) A'ZAMGARH. 

237. 



9*r 



m ^j p\i&\ 



Intizam-i Raj-i A'zamgarh. 

Fols. 114; 8|-in. by 5^ in. ; 13-16 lines, each 3 in. long; written 
in clear ISTasta'lIq ; copyist, Sayyid Amir 'All Razwi; dated, a.h. 1289 
(a.h. 1872). 

The story of the rulers of A'zamgarh (a Ta'alluqah in the United 
Provinces of India), from the time of Abhman-Singh and Sagar-Rai, 
sons of Chand-Sen, of the tribe of Rajputs and Zamindars of Mahnagar 
(in the parganah of Nizamabad), till the death of the Rani, wife of 
the Rajah Muhammad A'zam Khan, and end of the raj (rule). 

The work, which in its composition is interspersed with numerous 
verses, was compiled by Girdhari (see introduction), a muharrir or 
clerk in the office of the Qaniin-gtiyan or Lawgivers. It was written, 
a.h. 1216 (a.d. 1801), when the British had newly taken the country 
into their hands. 

Begins : 



_><A- 



^»Lo./*Ji &*~> LSJj^z- c^vxJ « .-.,♦,' l*Jl <__>. Ju.>- y j\ AxJ 



{J. R. Reid, CLE.) 
238. 

Sarguzasht-i Rajaha-i A'zamgarh. 

Fols. 20 ; 8^ in. by 5J in. ; 14 lines, each 3 in. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'liq ; bound in plain leather ; copied for the donor by the 
author himself from his holograph copy, a.h. 1289 (a.d. 1872). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 203 

Another brief account of the rulers of A'zamgarh by Sayyid Amir 
'All Bazwi, who mentions several nobles of Mzarnabad, all of whom 
had attained long ages, as the authority for this work. The history 
begins from the adventures of Abhman-Singh, son of Chandar-Sen- 
Bai, of the tribe of Gotam, who received the title of Nadir-Daulat- 
Khan from the great Akbar, and ends with the transfer of the district 
itiFasli 1205 (a.d. 1801) by the Nawwab Wazlr Sa'adat 'All Khan of 
Oudh (see above, No. 127) to the British. At the end there is given 
a genealogical tree of the rulers. 

Begins : 
^\-s ^-jLjj <*-=srT *J_£jJad J^^j L^i^,-. JU- S^iLii>- 

An Urdu translation of this work is described elsewhere. 

{J. R. Reid, CLE.) 

(/) HISTORY OF PERSIA. 

239. 

Lubb al-Tawarikh. 

Pols. 171; 9 1 in. by 5 in. ; 17 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
good jNaskh, with headings in red ; bound in stamped leather ; injured 
and stained ; the first two fols. are badly foxed ; scribe, Shahr-allah 
b. Shams al-Dln ; an old copy. 

An abridgement of universal history, especially the history of 
Persia, from the earliest times to a.h. 948 (a.d. 1541). It was 
compiled, a.h. 948 (a.d. 1541), by Amir Sayyid Yahya b. 'Abd 
al-Latif al-Husaini al-Q,azwmi, and dedicated to Prince Abu al-Fath 
Bahram-Mirza, a brother of Shah-Tahmasp Safawl. The author was 
much favoured by the latter, but at the instigation of his enemies was 
put in prison, where he died at the age of seventy-five, a.h. 962 
(a.d. 1555). He is mentioned in various Arabic and Persian works, 
e.g., Maasir al-'Umara' (here he is called. Mir Yahya Husain Saifl), 
Haft-Iqlim, Kashf al-Zunun of Hajl Khalfah (here he is named 
Isinii'll b. 'Abd al-Latif), A'in-i Akbari, etc. 



204 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

The work is divided into four qisms (parts) : 
Qism I, in two fasls (chapters) : (1) History of Muhammad the 

Prophet, fol. 25. (2) The Imams, fol. 75. 
Qism II, in four fasls, on the ante-Islamic history: (1) The 
Plshdadians, eleven kings, fol. \7a. (2) The Kayanians, 
ten in number, fol. 2\a. (3) The Sasanians, from Alexander 
the Great to Ardashir-Babakan, who reigned over Persia 
for three hundred and eighteen years, fol. 26a. (4) The 
Muluk al-Tawa'if, fol. 3\a. 
Qism III, in two maqdlahs (discourses) and six bubs (chapters), on the 
kings posterior to Islam : 
Maqalah i. The house of the Banu-TTmayyah, fourteen in number, 
who ruled for ninety-one years, fol. 35a. 

Maqalah ii. The Banii- 'Abbas, thirty-three, for five hundred and 
four years, fol. 385. (In other collections this work contains a third 
maqalah on the history of the first three Khallfahs — Abu Bakr 
Siddlq, 'Umar Faruq, and 'Usman.) 

Bab i. In eleven fasls, on the history of the minor Kings of Persia 
in the time of the 'Abbaside Khallfahs : (1) The Tahiris, these were 
five, and the Persian poetry began in their time, fol. 46b. (2) The 
Saffarls were three, and ruled for thirty-four years, fol. 485. (3) The 
Samanis ruled for one hundred and one years, fol. 49b. (4) The 
Ghaznawides were fourteen, and reigned one hundred and fifty years, 
fol. 51«. (5) The house of Ghiir, five Sultans, for sixty-four years, 
fol. 545. (6) The Al-i Buwaih, seventy kings, whose reign extended 
over one hundred and twenty-seven years, fol. 56a. (7) The fourteen 
Saljuqi monarchs for one hundred and sixty years, fol. 60a. (8) Nine 
Khwarazmshahis, reigned over Khurasan, Mawara, al-Nahr, 'Iraq, etc., 
for one hundred and thirty-eight years, fol. 675. (9) The Atabaks, 
in three shu'bahs (sections), the eleven Salgharis, who ruled over Pars 
for one hundred and twenty years, fol. 70a ; the nine kings, who 
governed Syria and Mesopotamia for one hundred and seventy-seven 
years, fol. 715 ; and the six rulers of 'Iraq, fol. 73a. (10) The 
Isma'ilis, in two shu'bahs : those of the west, fol. 75a ; and those of 
Iran, called Khwandls and Mulahidls, who reigned for one hundreid 
and seventy-one years, fol. 78a. (11) The nine Qarakhita'I-Sultans 
who governed Kirman for eighty-seven years, fol. 805. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 205 

Bab ii. The Mo gh ul sovereigns, twenty-one in number, who ruled 
over Persia for one hundred and fifty years, from Chingiz-Khan to 
Abu Sa'Id Mirza, fol. 82a. 

Bab iii. The Muluk al-Tawa'if, who succeeded the Moghuls in 
Persia, in five fash : (1) The Chupanis, fol. 95«. (2) The Ilkanis, 
fol. 97a. (3) Amir Shaikh Abu Ishaq Inju and the Muzaffarls, in 
two maqdlahs, fol. 99a. (4) The Kurt kings who ruled over Herat, 
etc., for one hundred and thirty years, fol. 108#. (5) The twelve 
Sarbadar kings of Khurasan, who reigned for eighty-five years, 
fol. 1125. 

Bab iv. The Timurides in Persia, fol. 1165. 

Bab v. The Turkish Qaraquyunlu and Aqquyunlu kings in two 
fash; the former reigned for sixty-three, fol. 1375, and the latter 
were nine and governed for forty-two years, fol. 143«. 

Bab vi. The Uzbaks, who came to Mawara al-Nahr and Khurasan, 
after a.h. 900 (a.d. 1494), fol. 153a. 

Q,ism IV. The history of the Safawis. 
The work begins : 



■I 



See Haj. Khal., v, p. 307 ; Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 104 sq. ; 
Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), ii, p. 71 ; Bodl. Cat., 88-95 ; Kraffts' Cat., 
p. 87 ; Elliot, Bibliogr. Index, p. 134, and Hist, of India, iv, p. 293 sq. ; 
Ouseley Collection, 322, and Travels, ii, p. 401 ; etc. The Latin 
translation, "Medulla Historiarum," by Gaulmin and Galland, was 
published in Biisching's Magazin fur die Neue Historie und Geographie, 
Halle, a.d. 1783. 

{Robert Brown.) 



240. -V 

'Alamara-i 'Abbasi. 

Fols. 570; 11 in. by 6f in. ; 25 lines, each 4£in. loDg; the first 
two pages of the two parts are ornamented with gold and possess 



206 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

illuminated frontispieces ; gold-lined round the pages throughout ; two 
parts in one ; both written in fair JSTasta'lIq, with headings in red ; 
the first in a smaller hand by Muhibb 'All b. Haji Yusuf ShirazI, and 
the second by Haji Shams al-Din b. Haji Ghiyas al-Din Mayan! ; 
dated a.h. 1064 (a.d. 1653). 

A complete copy in two parts of the life and reign of Shah- 'Abbas 
the Great, the seventh King of the Safawi dynasty who reigned over 
Persia for 44 years and died at the age of 60, a.h. 1038 (a.d. 1629). 
The work was originally completed and dedicated to 'Abbas, a.h. 1025 
(a.d. 1616), but was afterwards continued, brought down to a.h. 1038 
(a.d. 1629), including a history of the Shah's predecessors, and inscribed 
to Shah-Safi by Iskandar Beg, better known as MunshI, who was one 
of the record writers at the Court. 

As stated in the preface, the author divided his work into a 
muqaddimah or introduction, two sahlfahs or books, and a JcJiatimah 
or conclusion. The introduction deals with the genealogy of 'Abbas 
and the history of his ancestors and predecessors, including a detailed 
history of Shah-Isma'il II and his son Shah-Tahmasp. The first book 
contains an account of the birth of 'Abbas, a.h. 978 (a.d. 1571), the 
principal events of his early days ; brief notices on some of the notable 
men of the period ; a history of Shah-Isma'il II, his son Shah- 
Tahmasp (d. a.h. 985, ad. 1577), and his son Muhammad Khuda- 
bandah to the accession of Shah-'Abbas, a.h. 996 (a.d. 1587), and the 
high qualities and noble endowments of the Shah. The second book, 
fol. 199, contains a detailed history of Shah-'Abbas the Great from 
his accession to his death, in two maqsads, the second part containing 
an account of the last thirteen years of the reign, which was 
supplemented by the author as stated above. The khutimah, which 
was to contain wonderful incidents of the time, and which was to be 
followed by a third book of history, was never completed. 

The preface begins : 
^/•Is^-juJ ^*>- — *-J_j ^"«' j^ u>"^£ X*2j) .... <UJt**uJ 

^\ _ c^J ^i\ } Jyb xj\4j\ u}Ji j £ ^\ J^ij^ 

The second book begins : 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 207 

Cf. Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 133 sq. ; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), p. 185 sq. ; 

Bodl. Cat., 289-299; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 433 sq. ; Ethe 

(I.O. Cat.), 538-554; Fliigel (Vienna Cat), ii, p. 174; Stewart's 

Descriptive Cat., p. 10; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 80; Haj. KhaL, 

vi, p. 564 ; S. de Sacy in the Journal Asiatique, v, p. 86 sq. ; 

Zeitschrift, xv, p. 457 sq. ; etc. 

(James Anderson.) 

241. 

Nama-i Shah-'Abbas II. 

Pols. 5 ; 8 J in. by 5£in. ; 14 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
good Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the Raqa'im Kara'ira, etc. ; 
not dated. 

A letter stated to have been sent by Shah- 'Abbas II, of Persia, 
after his conquest of Qandahar, a.h. 1058 (a.d. 1648), to Jahan^ir (?), 
the Emperor of India, with the reply of the latter. This is evidently 
wrong, for 'Abbas II, who ascended the throne, a.h. 1052 (a.d. 1642), 
was a contemporary of Shahjahan. 

The letter begins : 

The reply on fol. 3b begins : 



$ 



(James Anderson.) 



IV. BIOGRAPHY. 
243. 

Takmila-i Yafi'I. 

Eols. 223 ; 8 in. by 5f- in. ; 15 lines, each 3^ in. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'liq ; headings in red ; frontispiece illuminated with gold ; 
gold-lined round the pages ; injured by insects, chiefly on the margins ; 
copyist, Ghulam Husain b. Shaikh Muhammad 'All b. Shaikh Mihr 
'Ali Quraishl 'Abbas! al-Hashimi ; an old copy. 



208 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

A Persian, version of the original in Arabic, termed : 

(see first page, line 4) of Shaikh. 'Abd-allah Yafi'I (YamanI b. As'ad 
b. 'All), who died, a.h. 768 (a.d. 1366), at Mecca, where, and at 
Medina, he had lived for about fifty years. Before he had finally 
settled in Hijaz, he had travelled in Syria and Egypt. He belonged 
to a Himyarite tribe in Yemen, and received his early training at 
Aden, and for his Sufiism he was indebted to Shaikh 'All b. 'Abd- 
allah al-Tawashi (d. a.h. 748, a.d. 1347). At Mecca he studied law 
under Shaikh Najm al-DIn Ispahan! (d. a.h. 730, a.d. 1329), whose 
name also appears in tbis work in connection with his approbation of 
the author's work called ^-.s'Lal^ cub&a- <j> ^.*&-U ,!! <L».. (the 
Rauzat al-Biyahin fi Hikayat al-Salihln), a biography of Saints and 
Shaikhs. Several of the author's works are noticed in other 
catalogues. 

The present translation was made by 'Ibad-allah, on hearing of the 
merits of the work from Shaikh Jalal al-Din Bukhari. It contains 
two hundred and sixteen stories, which mostly refer to the celebrated 
Muhammadan saint, Shaikh 'Abd al-Q,adir JilanT, called also " Pir-i 
Dastgir " and " Ghaus al-A'zam " Muhyi al-Din, who died at Ba gh dad, 
a.h. 561 (a.d. 1166). Each story begins with the name of the person 
on whose authority it is related, and in story No. 215 some of the 
sayings, etc., of the great Shaikh are also included. 

Begins : 

. . . i a**?! Si £ -<«• xr.3 I*' . . . ^•/♦Jlxlt L-jj &lS&*s.\ 



# 



Cf. for the Arabic original, Haj. Khal., iii, p. 166 sq. ; Loth 
(I.O. Cat), 708 ii ; etc. The poet " AbadI " rendered the Persian 
version into verse, entitled <sl*£j &as^jJ (the Tarjuma-i Takmilah), 
a.h. 1051 (a.d. 1641, 1642), see Sprenger (Oude Oat.), p. 307. The 
Persian version, described in Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 643 (without the 
translator's name), seems to be identical with this. 

(James Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 209 



243. 



Rashahat-i 'Ain al-Hayat. 

Fols. 350 ; 8f in. by 5£ in. ; 19 lines, each 2f in. long ; gold-ruled 
round the pages ; written in neat Nasta'liq, with headings in red ink ; 
slightly injured and repaired in some parts ; bound in gilt- stamped 
leather, probably copied in the eleventh century of the Hijrah. 

A well-known collection of biographies of spiritual guides of the 
Naqshbandi order and principally of Khwajah JSTasir al-Din 'Ubaid- 
allah, by his disciple Maulana Fakhr al-Din 'All b. al-Husain al-Wa'iz 
al-Kashifl, better known by his poetical name " Safi," who died, 
a.h. 939 (a.d. 1532). It is stated that the author took sixteen years 
to compile this work, which he finished (according to the title of the 
book "ciAs»*j," which is its chronogram, and several other ta'rlkhs 
mentioned at the end), a.h. 909 (a.d. 1503). 

The work is divided into a maqalah (introduction) on fol. 4, which 
contains notices of the Khwajahs, who were the spiritual guides of 
the Naqshbandi order, two maqsads (parts), and a Jdiatimah or 
epilogue. 

Maqsad I. Fol. 198«, is subdivided into three fash (sections), and 
contains a graphic account of the ancestors of Khwajah 
'Ubaid-allah, called also Khwajah Ahrar, the spiritual guide 
of the author, his birth, a.h. 806 (a.d. 1404), early life, 
character, and associations in Samarqand and Khurasan with 
Sayyid Qasim TabrizI, Shaikh Baha al-Din 'TJmar, and 
Ya'qub Jarkhi. 

Maqsad II. Fol. 232#, in three fasls, contains principally his 

sayings. 

Maqsad III. Also in three fasls, contains an account of some of the 
manifestations of his spiritual power as told by his numerous 
disciples who had witnessed them. 

Khatimah. Fol. 246, contains notice of his death (which occurred 
at Samarqand, a.h. 895, a.d. 1490, at the age of 89). 

14 



210 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Begins : 

C • L^V- 

Cf. Haj. Khal., iii, p. 461; Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 353; Bodl. 
Cat., 360 ; Pertsch (Gotha Cat.), p. 121, and Berlin Cat., p. 563 ; Dorn 
(St. Petersb. Cat.), p. 299; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 633-635 ; etc. 

(David Anderson.) 

244. 

Majalis al-Mu'minin. 

Pols. 648 ; llf in. by 7|in. ; 23 lines, each 4f in. long ; written in 
distinct Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; 
copied by Nur 'All, a.h. 1157 (a.d. 1744). 

These are the biographies of the most notable Muslims who 
professed the Shi'ah doctrine from the earliest time of Islam to 
a.h. 905 (a.d. 1499), when the Shi'ah faith was recognised as the 
state religion in Persia by the Safawi dynasty. This great work was 
compiled, between a.h. 993 and 1010 (a.d. 1585-1602), by QazI 
Sayyid Nur-allah b. Sharif al-Mar'ashi al-Husaihi al-Shustarl, who 
was a nobleman at the court of the great Akbar and the author of 
several Shi'ah works. He was a zealous Shl'ite, and in Jahangir's 
time, a.h. 1019 (a.d. 1610), suffered death for his religious opinions. 

The work is divided into afdtihah (introduction) and twelve majalis 
(books) : 

Fatihah, fol. 2b, last line : On the definition of the Shi'ah in 

general and the Imamiyyah in special. 
Majlis I, fol. 10a: On places connected specially with the Imams 

and the Shi'ah. 
Majlis II, fol. 515 : On some tribes known to profess the Shi'ah 

faith. 
Majlis IIT, fol. 66a : On the Companions of the Prophet, who were 
ShI'ites. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 211 

Majlis IV, fol. 117«: On the immediate followers and disciples of 
the Companions. 

Majlis V, fol. 142a : On the theologians, commentators, traditionists, 
dignitaries, legists, ecclesiastical functionaries, grammarians, 
and lexicographers, in the generation succeeding the Com- 
panions. 

Majlis VI, fol. 262a : On the Sufis. 

Majlis VII, fol. 348« : On the philosophers. 

Majlis VIII, fol. 3785 : On the kings. This majlis is subdivided 
into a muqaddimah (introduction) on fol. 3785, and sixteen 
junds (chapters) comprising as many royal dynasties : 
(1) fol. 392«, (2) fol. 406«, (3) fol. 407«, (4) fol. 4085, 
(5) fol. 4105, (6) fol. 425a, (7) fol. 4283, (8) fol. 436ff, 
(9) fol. 438a, (10) fol. 4403, (11) fol. 443a, (12) fol. 444b, 
(13) fol. 4565, (14) fol. 462«, (15) fol. 464«, and 
(16) fol. 4065. 

Majlis IX, fol. 474a : On the famous governors and generals. 

Majlis X, fol. 4935 : On the great Wazirs and secretaries. 

Majlis XI, fol. 5275 : On the celebrated Arab poets. 

Majlis XII, fol. 5795 : On the Persian poets. This majlis begins 
with FirdausI and Asadi, and ends with Ahli Shlrazi and 
Lisani. 

An index has been added at the beginning written by Muhammad 
'All. At the end it is stated that the copy, from which the present 
one was evidently made, was collated with the original MS. and 
completed, according to a chronogram, a.h. 1028 (a.d. 1618). 

Begins (after the index) : 

For other copies see Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 337 ; Bodl. Cat., 
367-370 ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 564 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 704 ; etc. 
See also Goldziher, Beitrage zur Literaturgeschichte cler Shi 'a, und 
der sunnitischen Polemik, Vienna, a.d. 1874; O. Loth, Zeitschrift der 
D.M.G., xxix, p. 676. It has been printed at Teheran, a.h. 1268 
(a.d. 1851). 

{Robert Broivn.) 



212 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

245. 

Ta'rlkh-i Baba Naslb. 

Fols. 428 ; 9|in. by 6£in. ; 15 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
excellent small Naskh, with headings in red, on thin glazed paper ; 
coloured lines round the pages ; slightly injured by insects ; probably 
copied in the eleventh century of the Hijrah. 

This is a work on history by Baba Nasib, who was a celebrated 
saint of Kashmir, and died, a.h. 1047 (a.d. 1637). The work, which 
is also known as the Bishl-namah or the Darwish-nama-i Hulla 
NasTb, consists in this instance of two parts : 

I. «_j <\ HjLL-k i_JSL*w« _i o (the virtues, etc., of the first four 

Khallfahs), fol. lb. 

II. <0*l_3 uh*-1) j^ (the biographies of holy men of Kashmir), 

fol. 135a. 
Contents of Part I : — 

Preliminary remarks on the respect due to the first great Khallfahs 
of Islam, fol. lb. Short anecdotes connected with the Khallfahs : 
Abi Bakr Siddiq, fol. 35« ; 'Uruar b. al-Khattab, fol. 68a ; 'Usman 
b. 'Affan, fol. 91b; 'Ali b. Abi Talib, fol. 1003. The Family of the 
Prophet, fol. 126a. The forty persons who have been free from sin, 
fol. 132a. 
Contents of Part II : — 

At the commencement the author laments (see fol. 135a) that while 
numerous well-known biographies of holy men have been written in 
the west and south, none has ever been undertaken in Kashmir itself 
dealing with its own great men. It was to fill this literary gap, 
and imbued as he was with respect and love for the saints as he 
further states, that he compiled the present work. In its com- 
position are interspersed numerous texts from the Quran and the 
Traditions, as well as verses in the Kashmiri language (all, however, 
explained in Persian). The biography opens with an account of 
Shaikh Nur al-DIn Wall (who was born a.h. 770, a.d. 1368), and 
the following are the names of some of the other holy men, who 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 213 

flourished in Kashmir, stories of whose learning, piety, and spiritual 
powers are described in this work : — 

(1) Baba, Bam al-DIn, fol. 2055. 

(2) Baba Zain al-DIn, fol. 2903. 

(3) Baba Latif al-DIn, fol. 301*. 

(4) Baba Naslr al-DIn, fol. 303a. 

(5) Baba Rajab al-Dln, fol. 3043. 

(6) Baba Shukr al-DIn, fol. 3183. 

(7) Baba Latif al-Dln's disciples, fol. 3313. 

(8) Baba Nauruz RIshI, fol. 3363. 

(9) Malik Saif al-DIn, fol. 342a. 

(10) Mirza Haidar Kashgharl, fol. 3473. 

(11) Hazrat Makhdum Shaikh Hamzah, fol. 3513. 
The work concludes with brief notices of a few minor Babas. 
The first part begins : 



#- 



\ .L-uO 



The second part begins on fol. 135« : 
j-&>- j^-i X.)^^$ S.x.j L*! .... jL*S! %-;*<fcs) j^x^W 
&\ _ j^ULij tj*jy.} djij* t-"*"^ < -rl?J t -^^ i-Sjt**^ ^^ 

{David Anderson.) 



246. 

" ~t ii • , i .. 

ajIi u_aj jZi &+*> .*•* f^yy 

Tawarlkh-i Mir Sayyid Sharif " Raqim." 

Fols. 188 ; 9 in. by 5£ in. ; 15 lines, each 3-J- in. long ; written in 
Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; coloured lines round the pages ; 
copied at Shahjahanabad (Dehll), a.h. 1145 (a.d. 1732), by Mir 
Shihab al-DIn b. Kbwajah Buzurg-Sbah al - Makhdumiyyah 
al-Khwarazmiyyah. 

A chronological account of some of the kings, learned and holy 
men who flourished, a.h. 736-1045 (a.d. 1335-1635), during the 



214 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

period of the Moghul sovereignty in Central Asia, Persia, and India. 
On the flyleaf this work is named, in the hand of the donor, "the 
Tareekh Keymoors." The name of the author, Mir Sayyid Sharif, 
poetically styled "Raqim," appears after the end of the work, where 
a few of his ghazak and qastdahs are written. 

The work contains at the beginning a brief history of Timur. In 
the case of distinguished men, not only their brief biographies are 
given, but, with no exception, chronograms in verse of their death are 
also rendered, a few of the latter being of the author's own composition. 

The preface, which contains some remarks on the writing of the 
chronograms, begins : 

(David Anderson.) 



Y. GEOGEAPHY. 
247. 

Bahjat al-'Alam. 



Pols. 256; 9^- in. by 5fin. ; 15 lines, each 3|-in. long; written in 
neat Nasta'liq, on reddish paper, with headings in red ; gold-lined 
round the pages ; frontispieces illuminated with gold ; slightly soiled 
by damp ; probably copied about the end of the twelfth century of the 
Hi j rah. 

An excellent copy of a work on general geography by Hakim 
Maharat-Khan IspahanI, who resided mostly at Dehll in the time of 
the Emperor Bahadur- Bhah I, and completed it a little after the death, 
a.h. 1124 (a.d. 1712), of that Emperor (cf. Eieu, B.M.P. Cat., iii, 
p. 992, where a short extract from it is described). In the preface 
and also in the colophon the author states that after completing this 
work, which forms the first volume of a larger work, he started 
writing a second volume which was to be entitled — .]^i^l <Upj. (the 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 



215 



Eauzat al-Afrah), containing a translation from Arabic of ^,jS>- 
L-^ols? 3 ^ (the Jaridat al-Aja'ib), t-JJl\ &** (theTuhfat al-Albab), 
and L*i^j Jl.*-1 4.1L. (the Eisala-i AhwaL-i Bhansa), tbe last work 
containing an account of tbe place where Jesus was brought up. 

The present work, which is principally based upon the celebrated 
geographical and biographical encyclopaedia, entitled the Haft-Iqlim 
(*Jj1 t»^-vftJb), of Amin Ahmad KazT, contains : 

I. Index to the work, pp. i-iv. 

II. Preface, Ms. 1-3, beginning : 



tix.* 



*Jljji JL> ii £ 



Si jfJ.: 



Ac 



*\*F 



Ju 



tifj jjl 



III. Description of the seven iqlims or regions : 
(1) Description of 12 places 



(2) 


>> 


17 


(3) 


»> 


76 


(4) 


>> 


84 


(5) 


») 


23 


(6) 


>) 


16 


(7) 


)> 


155 



"« CUl.CiX.»* 


^-6 


<L*J 


;V Ur 


uzj\S.2s 


Fol 


. 3a. 




>> 


10a. 




>> 


23a. 




>) 


745. 




)> 


127a. 




>> 


1365. 
1499. 





The last section includes more detailed notices and deals with 
objects of special interest, chiefly: 

(a) aj m l_^SI^< jl ^xjxj J^&-1, fol. 153a, taken principally from 
the Hasht-Bihisht (a history of the first eight Sultans of Turkey, by 
Idris b. Husam al-Dln al-BidlisI, who died a.h. 926, a.d. 1520). 

(5) Jc-Jb jLj :! ,s^-x~> < tu-aj-i , extracted from the fourth (more 

properly the third) volume of Akbar-namah of Abu al-Fazl (see 
the A'ln-i Akbari described above, Nos. 208-210), and contains 
descriptions of Bengal, fol. 17a; Orissa, fol. 181a; Bihar, fol. 1835; 
Ujjain, fol. 1845 ; Thanlsar, fol. 1855; and Multan, fol. 186a. 

(c) &JJc** jL JU»-^ , gathered principally from the work entitled 
the "Anis al-'Arifm," and contains accounts of various towns and 
tracts, fol. 1885. 



216 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

(d) jj\'j>- i— -* i\s^ j£, obtained chiefly from the 'Aja'ib al-Makhluqat 
(the Persian version of the first part of the Arabic Cosmography of 
Zakariyya b. Muhammad b. Mahmud al-QazwIni, who died a.h. 682, 
a.d. 1283), containing notices of islands. 

(e) Jl—»-.Sf ^-^ols^jJ, fol. 225b, about mountains, taken from 
the Tuhafat al-Ghara'ib, the same as 'Aja'ib al-MakhlQqat. 

(/) jW^ '-r^.W^J'^' ^°^- 233a, on rivers. 
(g) u**c u^jIs -2 .J, fol. 231 a, on fountains. 

(h) c_ Jjk* jUj JU=»^, fol. 238a, the cities of the west. 
A copy of the same work is described in Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 729; see 
also Eieu, loc. cit. 

(James Anderson.) 



248. 

Ma'lumat al-Afaq. 

Fols. 15 ; 8f in. by 5f in. ; 14 lines, each 3f in. long; written in 
good Nasta'llq, in the same handwriting as the Raqa'im-i Kara'im, 
etc. ; not dated. 

This is a detached portion taken from the geographical work of 
the same name, which was written after the death of the Emperor 
'Alamgir (a.h. 1118, a.d. 1707), by Sayyid Amin al-DIn Khan b. Abu 
al-Makarim Amir-Khan al-Husainl al-Harawi (see above, No. 219). 
It contains brief accounts of the titulature of the Emperor, the Princes, 
the Princesses, and the nobles of the Court of Dehli. Brief references 
to the Sicbahs (provinces), areas, revenues, distances between various 
places, and accounts of the offices are also included. 

Begins : 

See Elliot, Hist, of India, i, p. 328; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), iii, 

p. 1013* (vi); etc. 

(James Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 217 

VI. MEDICINE. 
249. 

Dastur al-Atibba'. 

Eols. 123 ; 12f in. by 8iin. ; 17 lines, each 5 in. long ; written in 
clear N/asta'liq ; bound in gilt-stamped leather ; bears a seal of the 
year a.h. 1222 (a.d. 1807) ; copyist, Muhammad Badr al-Dln, known 
as Shay Ahmad. 

A work on the Indian system of medicine. It was compiled by 
the celebrated Muhammad Qasim Hindu-Shah, commonly known as 
Eirishtah (see his Gulshan-i Ibrahim!, No. 200). 

The work is divided into a muqaddimah (introduction), three maqdlahs 
(chapters), and a Ididtimah (epilogue) : 

The muqaddimah, on the component parts of the human body and 
its four humours, viz. : blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile 
($j+s- j bL>-^ ^Si ^& J\ J^3 jS), fol, lb, in ninefdHdahs or sections 
with numerous fash or subsections. 

The maqalah I, on the characters and actions of simple drugs and 
aliments in alphabetical order (x^j'si* tj£s\ j <^^' l ^js\y>- J^> on 
fol. 12«, in twenty-three babs. 

The maqalah II, on the compound medicaments (jj^Aks* LZJ\*£jstjS), 
on fol. 455, in fifteen babs. 

The maqalah III, on the treatment of diseases ( J^i-c- cuLsl.*-^ >£ 
JUjp-1 ^j ,kj), on fol. 725, in one hundred and sixty fasls. 

The khatimah, on the six tastes and savours, and the classification of 
land with regard to water (^^u.^ «_j, c^^aaJj ij<* c^3\ _ J* ,S), 
on fol. 122a. 

The preface begins : 



^r\ _ &i;kLj *-&Jj s* i^sS^^s.-* {j^Sy 



VJ 



In the colophon the book is entitled &x£_j t \s>y~i£ i^^b <— >l^i, 

but in Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 580, and Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2323, it is 
entitled IM jy~>±> ^Jd ti^Lakl . See also Rieu (B.M.P. Cat. 



218 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Supplt.), 160; Bodl. Cat., 1601 ; Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), p.ll; 
Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2318-2323; and Haj. Khal., iii, p. 225. 

{James Anderson.) 

250. 

Shifa' al-Marz. 

Fols. 97; 9f in. by 5£in. ; 15 lines, in two central columns; each, 
li in. long ; written in clear Wasta'liq, with headings in red ; slightly 
injured by insects ; bound in plain leather ; not dated. 

A compendium of medicine in verse, compiled, a.h. 990 (a.d. 1582), 
by Shihab (al-DIn) b. 'Abel al-Karlm. The author has at the end 
written an account of himself to the effect that his ancestors originally 
belonged to Ghaznl (here written .§>*£) ', a few ruled ISTagur, and that 
one of them entitled Muhammad-Malik collected revenues of that 
province for seven or eight years. The author's father was engaged in 
mercantile pursuits, and trade again served to sustain the author, who 
practised medicine only in the service of God. The work consists of 
160 labs or chapters. Two copies of the same work are mentioned in 
Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2315-2316. 

Begins : 

(David Anderson.) 
251. 

Shifa' al-Marz. 
Pols. 99; 8 in. by 5£in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each 
Hin. long; written in Nasta'lTq, in the same handwriting as the 
Tibb-i Bahii-u BarrI ; dated a.h. 1133 (a.d. 1720); copyist, Chanpa, 
son of Aithappa. 

This is another copy of the work described above. The 160 bubs in 
this MS. are all enumerated on fols. 45—7. The last chapter, which 
contained an account of the author, has been omitted. 

(James Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 219 

252. 

Farhang-i Tibb. 

Fols. 32; 8 in. by 5£in. ; 13 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
xTasta'lIq, in the same handwriting as the Tibb-i Bahri-u BarrI ; about 
a.h. 1133 (a.d. 1720) ; copyist, Chanpa, son of Aithappa. 

A treatise in prose on materia medica, by the same Shihab al-Din. 
The names of simple medicinal substances are arranged in alphabetical 
order. 

Begins : 

Jj^i ^U-»-J ijU-kc 4jlj^ j\ <t<ol J_j\ _ U^-s\ ^J_jJ Ujjjlj &£j\si 

This work is identical with the copy described in Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 

2317 (1). 

(James Anderson.) 

253. 

Mujarrabat al-Tadawi. 

Fols. 79 ; 9i in. by 6^ in. ; 15 lines, each 4i in. long ; written in good 
Nasta'llq-shikastah ; headings in red ; bound in gilt-stamped leather ; 
frontispiece illuminated with gold ; coloured lines round the pages ; 
injuries have been repaired ; copyist, Mir Hasan Ispahan! ; dated 
a.h. 1244 (a.d. 1828). 

A work on compound medicaments by Ghulam Mustafa Bihari. 
It is divided into fifty-two fasts (chapters), each of which contains the 
medical preparations for various diseases : 

1. _ 4-JLJLSj £j£ j ?U\-*» <->jJ —^U .J (Pains of the head and 

temples), fol. 2b. 

2. _ Xj+s-j IJ *.>- (Jb j lSV'* tt^J^ (Epilepsy, melancholy, etc.), 

fol. 4a. 



220 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

3. _ u*>j-£ i-Sr* ' J l£}~* ^J^ tt^ J^ (Earache, deafness, etc.), 

fol. 55. 

4. _ iX-ib *A^ j J ^ l/=/-^j f-'* u ~- ^ T^V^ (Pain of the 

eyes in every disease to which the eye is liable), fol. 65. 

5. _ aXjj &\\-J —\s-jA (Defluxion and catarrh), fol. 10a. 

6 - uV i ^j~-i jy^ j~> j\ &f±- ur-i) ^v. i-i^j ^^ j* 

— ^j^r i (Bleeding of the nose, gangrene in the nose, etc.), 
fol. 105. 
7. — u^AJJ J, J —JLc. jd (Toothache), fol. 115. 

_ ^AJ ^JLlusTj (Cracking of the lips, roughness of the 
tongue, and dryness of the mouth), fol. 12a. 
9. _ Xj+Z)' f& ^S^\ 6)jij ^AJ j^ ^y^ ^j ^1*. j^ (Bleeding 
of the mouth and falling off of the palate, etc.), fol. 13a. 

10. — &S\ .^* ^bi^* j\^s>->ji t£ ^j\#>- ,c^. < — *&} C-jLars- j J 

(Spots and freckles which show themselves on the cheeks), 
fol. 135. 

11. — Joilj (J-L>- iJ <& li /3 r ^i y-^Jyij^-^J ^j-i™S ^wji! ^-*-c jt> 

(Glandular swelling of the neck and every disease to which 
the throat is liable), fol. 145. 

12. — ^J. <UiJi> -.le j J (Cholera morbus and vomiting), fol. 15a. 

13. _ i^-i JU jd (Cough), fol. 16a. 

14. _ fSJjys. {1 ^J f ^J *\j£j L^-»s- s 3 JJb «jrjJ r-^ J J ( Foul 

smells in the armpit, and the hardening and lessening of 
the breasts of women), fol. 175. 
This fasl stands here after the following one. 

15. _ jjuwJul! (J~a —Ic .J (Asthma), fol. 17a. 

16. _ ^Xs^ aiXj-s J^J -lU.J (Pains of the chest and hiccough), 

fol. 19a. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 221 

17. _ Jl> Jj»-j J^ i-i'Lk j£ (The changing of the movements 

of the heart), fol. 19a. 

18. _ ^jtVt ^ J J (Cough), fol. 195. 

19. — jJ-i' c— »bj dJ^Sjbj Uu*^ ^Lr^j (Dropsy, flatulency, and 

enlarged spleen), fol. 20a. 

20. _ +\-xb **2-.&j l§.x-i\ ^LaJLj —Lr jJ (Loss of appetite and 

defective digestion), fol. 21a. 

21. _ ^r^-4? "f*-A?^J *-^--i (*r-^ *-£--2> <J>jti _U.cjj (Pains in the 

belly, worms, colic, etc.), fol. 225. 

22. -j\*»#\ 3 ^yjj^j i^y^y ' ciyW 1 (^ ^ £ >> J (Urging, 

passing whitish mucus, blood, worms, etc.), fol. 235. 

23. _ <— >lbj- u -Sy ^J (Preparations of purgatives), fol. 25a. 

24. — SxL* _j.«.£>-j -m*ji»j —Lc .J (Dyspepsia and prolapsus ani), 

fol. 265. 

25. _ J^J^Ja-ii^ J_jj jJo^uJj <Lill* C_ Kj.-j _Lc jj (Stone in 

the bladder, retention of urine, and passing of urine drop 
by drop), fol. 28a. 

(Incontinence of urine, gonorrhaea, seminal and joint 
deflexions), fol. 29«. 

27. — js J 'i^u-jj ij^jLsf -3— c jO (Impotence of the penis), 

fol. 335. 

28. _ ^rt-^3 ' --r^^ tJ?}]/*? cl-*.:>- OJJj C^L**-^ cUjjl .J 

(Medicines taken to prolong pleasure in sexual intercourse, 
etc.), fol. 35a. 

29. _ s\i c^jij^ (Aphrodisiacs), fol. 375. 

30. — *r*4j '— &j* ^Vi ^— ^J ' -7^c j^ (Syphilis and erysipelas), 

fol. 405. 



222 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

31. — i^l «-- s^ j <U_*u_>. J.y _Lc- j J (Swelling of the testicles, 

rupture and pains therein), fol. 44#. 

32. _ ^T t_^Jv^ ^Ijj _ y .i J^xJ' _L„ c ^o (Narrowness of the 

vagina and foul smell therein), fol. 445. 

33. _ ^13: u ^>- ^-wJj (jjl-Ai -Is j<3 (Exciting or checking 

the menstrual discharge), fol. 45#. 

34. — tj-t-Z) J— *.-£>- kli :^ &.a.-JLs. ,^^-c ^J (Barrenness, 

ahortion, etc.), fol. 455. 

35. — LSjQi ^j t^^T} u°j! 7-^^ ( Le P ros y» elephantiasis, etc.), 

fol. 463. 

36. — i^J. /Aj^*- ,-.i-*-J *Vy tt^ J^ (Discoloration of the 

skin, itch, and ringworm), fol. 485. 

37. _ k_^s- t um n (J$ -rls-jii ("White morphew), fol. 50a. 

38. — Xj-t~Z) thfrz?) f^i ^ 7r^J J (Paralysis, hemiplegia, 

sunstroke, etc.), fol. 505. 

39. _ j\j tzfi&j ,J>*i, *Lu-iH jysj cy\Jl ^1U ; J (Pains 

excited by motion in the joints of the legs, which get 
swollen), fol. 515. 

40. — d>?) aUli*. j-tScsjdj c^-A_uJjJ -z^j^ (Pains of 

back, loins, and joints), fol. 535. 

41. _ rr.Y*i <&2-S~*} *ij**3 cA^~^ &*»&> r:^ J^ (Fractures of 

bones, injuries from falls, strains, and discolorations), 
fol. 545. 

42. _ .,^l,p-j i}y^j* }Jv tt^ J^ (Guinea worm, wen, etc.), 

fol. 55&. 

43. __ i/wr>S &&>j rr^ j4 (Copious sweating from the hands 

and feet), fol. 556. 

44. _ [13l \\ ,-Sc.d-*-! ^is- ,t> (Burns from fire), fol. 56«. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 223 

45. _ J-JJj l/JS T lcjt3 (Boils, etc.), fol. 56 J. 

46. _ i%-j^j JJt -*^) > rr t^ c j^ (Wounds and ulcers), fol. 575. 

47. - I—? Tr^j* (P evers )> fol. 59a. 

48. — ^-f-cj ^^.^ 1-^) (•'■*& J^* U^J-^ tt^ ^ J (Bites of 

snakes, scorpions, and mad dogs), fol. 625. 

49. _ *>>£? *^j} : >~j tb ) 77^ J ^ (Poisons), fol. 645. 

50. — 8j+-£j L — ' ~3JJ '— -^ V^f^j c^A-_}-£-~^ ivj*^* - *-*-' 1 * c -r^-^v- > ' J^ 

(Preparations of electuaries, powders, pills, oils, etc.), 
fol. 645. 

51. _ c_>U-*o 11 *Um£ L<«iJ J (Beducing quicksilver to ashes), 

fol. 71a. 

52. _ ^U-^ _L: jA (Diseases of horses), fol. 755. 
Begins : 

t£j\JLd\} iitUl uo^ ^*3j *y*Ul5\ Jl*H JlfiJ! ill\ **A\ 

L^-vfa-i jJl F" 5 ?"'^ (_/* J"* 5 *" u V-5 i<* ***? "*' • • • • /•^jwuJu 

^ - ^ 

A very badly written MS. translation by the donor of the complete 

work is preserved along with the original; in the majority of cases the 

original technical terms occurring in the text are merely transliterated 

in English characters. 

(David Anderson.) 

254. 

Nasihat-nama-i Hukama'. 

Fols. 9 ; 15 lines, in two central columns ; written in clear Nasta'liq, 
with headings in red ink, in the same handwriting as the Shifa' 
al-Marz ; not dated. 

A few rules for health in verse, taken from ancient physicians, and 
containing a few hints as to the treatment of ordinary ailments, also 



224 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

in verse. At the end (fols. 85-95) are given a few instructions 
(written in large Naskh, with vowels, in Arabic prose, with Persian 
translation underneath in Nasta'llq) with regard to bathing. 
Begins : 



J 


ij (jl 


~iPi 


!__$.+£>- ^U »S>- &i .*-;aX*J A-.i* 


£,2- ^\ 


a \*t 
















(David 


Anderson 


•) 










255. 
















(tjFjdlj 


^>c* 


\^J 














Qarabadin (Tibb-i 


Qadiri). 








Fols. 


357; 


9f 


in. by 5fin. ; 


17 lines, 


each 3£ in. long ; 


written 


Hi 



fair Nasta'liq, with headings in red ink ; illuminated frontispiece, and 
first two pages ; gold-lined round the pages throughout ; much injured 
by insects and damp ; copied by Ghulam Husain ; dated a.h. 1219 
(a.d. 1804). 

An elaborate work on the compound medicaments for the human 
body, compiled, between a.h. 1126-1130 (a.d. 1714-1718), by a famous 
physician, Mir Muhammad Akbar, called " Muhammad Arzani," who 
flourished during Aurangzlb's reign, and was the son of Mir Haji 
Muqim. In this his last composition the author enumerates in the 
introduction his previous works : (1) Tibb al-Nabi (a translation from 
the Arabic of Jalal al-Dln Suyuti, see above, No. 163) ; (2) Tibb 
al-Akbar ; (3) Mufarrih al-Qulub ; (4) Mizan al-Tibb ; (5) Ta'rlf 
al-Amraz ; (6) Mujarrabat-i Akbarl. 

The names of diseases are the headings for the 23 chapters into 
which the work is divided, and medicinal preparations are alphabetically 
arranged under the diseases for which they are intended. 

Begins : 

For the author and his works see Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, 
pp. 4785-480^ ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2339-2346; etc. The work has 
been lithographed at Bombay, a.h. 1277 (a.d. 1860), and Dehll, 
a.h. 1286 (a.d. 1869). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 225 

356. 

Mujarrabat-i Akbari. 

• Fols. 92 ; 81 in. by 41 in. ; 29 lines, each 2| in. long ; written in 
jtfasta'llq-shikastah-amiz ; injured and stained by damp ; bound in 
gilt-stamped leather ; copied by Muhammad Murad b. Sayyid Mu'In 
al-DIn al-MusawI ; dated a.h. 1128 (a.d. 1715). 

This is another work on compound medicaments by the same 
Muhammad Akbar (Muhammad Arzanl). It is divided into a 
muqaddimah (introduction) and ten bubs (chapters), which again are 
subdivided into a great number of fash (sections). A table of 
contents is prefixed to the present copy. 

The contents are : 

Muqaddimah, on fol. 1« : ^.Vi J>^ j&>\ (Pharmacy, numerous 
methods described). 

Bab I, on fol. \2a: ,~> ^,^\ ^ (Diseases of the head and brain). 

Bab II, fol. 20« : Sr^j ^Out^ u^"-* ^j^*-zl j^ (Diseases of the 
mouth, teeth, etc.). 

Bab III, fol. 315 : Jj^ cl„^ c^-A-j } JLsJ 9 )jL>- Jo\j^\ Jt S 
Sj-+-£j <^ *«-*-! Uy-r" u^j^ (Disorders of the liver and 
spleen, and diseases of the back, joints, and other diseases, 
e.g., paralysis, hemiplegia, and their complications). 

Bab IV, fol. 35a : x&x* ^J>\y\ >A (Diseases of the stomach). 

Bab V, fol. 465 : <Oli**j *J.S u c\j-*\ .J (Diseases of the kidneys 
and bladder). 

Bab VI, fol. 48 : ^^>\ ^J^ fjoy^sr* t£ yje\j<*\ .J (Diseases 

peculiar to men) ; unfortunately three folios of this part are 
missing. 

Bab VII, fol. 63a: m^~>\ ^Ujj ^c^ss* t£ <Ja\j*\ j<±j\ (Special 
diseases of women). 

15 



226 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Bab VIII, fol. 665: i_^3 ^ji- JuJ JOJJ jJus^^toU? ^J <£ ^1 

fW ^^IrTj j^J < - jL ^ f^J lA^J ^JiA u°& 
— UlrTJ tiT^^ L$ty, j\**-*}j h#^} (diseases which appear 
externally on the human body, e.g., rash in fevers, leprosy, 
centaury, itch, freckles, burns, wounds, tumours, ulcers, 
etc., and those connected with nails). 

Bab IX, fol. 895 : CLi'L^ Cjli**u* CLi\j\^s^ Jbjj *«j .-fdJ j<$ 
***&■} (Poisons, mineral and animal, fats, etc.). 

Bab X, fol. 92a? : ^J ju^j ^p^« Js^ari-j J\jj\ j\k^\ i\j\j6 
^li.^ (Compositions for removing writing and stains from 
paper and baits for capturing birds). 

Begins : 

Cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 480; Stewart (Descriptive Cat.), 

p. 110; Ethe (1.0. Cat.), 2342-2343; Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), 

p. 11 ; etc. It has been printed at Bombay, a.h. 1272 (a.d. 1855), 

and at Lucknow, a.h. 1280 (a.d. 1863). 

{David Anderson.) 

257. 

Tibb-i Bahri-u Barrl. 

Pols. 101 ; 8 in. by 5 1 in. ; 13 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
Nasta'llq, witb headings coloured red and technical terms overlined, by 
the author himself, about a.h. 1133 (a.d. 1720) ; bound in stamped 
leather ; injured and loose. 

A treatise on medicine, of which this is a holograph copy, compiled, 
as is stated in the preface, for his son Chanpa, by Aithippa, a physician 
attached to the dispensary at Bljapur, who had spent a long time 
attending for his instruction upon Hakim Muhammad Husain 
Yunani and Hakim Muhammad Ma'stim Ispahanl. The material for 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 227 

this work was derived principally from the Zakhira-i Khwarazmshahi 
and Qarabadi (of Zain al-DIn Abu Ibrahim Isma'il b. al-Hasan b. 
Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Husaini al-Jurjani, who died a.h. 531 or 
535, a.d. 1136-1137 or 1140-1141). 

The preface begins : 
ifJOJ _ JLa_i|j ^U'A^ JJJi IZJjas-y JoL-/« ,_fLiJ» jkl< iX*.&~ 

£\ _ ,:u.i -Jia*. .Jii 

In the present work there is first a short vocabulary of some parts 
of the human body and some drugs with their equivalents in Arabic 
and Hindi. It further contains hints on the examination of patients, 
and symptoms and treatment of a number of diseases, and pregnancy. 
A large part of the work is devoted to the various kinds of fevers. 

(James Anderson.) 

258. 

Tibb-i Nurl. 

Fols. 61 ; written in Nasta'liq, mostly on the margins of the Shifa' 
al-Marz; about a.h. 1133 (a.d. 1720). 

A treatise on medicine in verse. No clue to the author is given. 

The work is divided into thirty bubs : (1) The causes of disease in 
general; (2) The tastes; (3) Headaches; (4) The ear ; (5) The 
eye; (6) Catarrh; (7) Kalaf or JlwHl (spots on the face) ; (8) The 
teeth ; (9) Khauzlr (probably Khurah, viz. leprosy) ; (10) The chest; 
(11) The axilla; (12) Skin eruptions; (13) Liver and stomach; 
(14) Dyspepsia ; (15) Dropsy ; (16) Thirst ; (17) Jholah or sun- 
stroke ; (18) Sanpdt (the name of a disease in which the whole 
body is seized with chilliness) ; (19) Fevers ; (20) Pindaqak (probably 
landarlchat or running sore); (21) Daur-i toamasaha ; (22) Itch; 
(23) Guinea worm ; (24) Wounds; (25) Ulcers, etc. ; (26) Gangrene; 
(27) Bad-i farang or Erysipelas ; (28) Dryness of hands and feet; 
(29) Piles; (30) Kanulbad or Kanwalbad. 

Begins : 

(James Anderson.) 



228 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

VII. MATHEMATICS. 
259. 

Risalah dar 'Ilm-i Wafq. 

Fols. 18; 9 in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah, abont a.h. 1108 (a.d. 1696); numerous tables; 
copyist, Maulana Ahmad b. Sulaiman. 

This is the fourth maqidah (chapter) from some work on the Theory 
of Numbers, treating of <_£ij jliXcl, in five babs or sections : 

I. _ j :.J l _^j iZ2\xfj~* .J ii\ i±.£.\ ^lsJ, w.Jj jjj^, on fol. lb, in 
five tariqahs or methods. 
II. J\jJ\ £— Jf"* t^ jIa-c! ^J> j— ^)A->^, on fol. 5b, in three 
methods. 

III. tijS.\\ -.•} C^jU^.^ j\s£-\ ^ji-Vj £-*&} t^jjjj\i) j&'A, on fol. 8a, 

in two methods. 

IV. Asm — (XfcJ o~*3 t~tr"J^ J^^-c J-J'i jj-'i-AuJiJ.^Jl, on 

fol. 10a. 

(the rubric for this chapter is absent). 
The folios are all mixed with those of the Bisalah dar 'Ilm-i Nuj inn 
(see below), but I have numbered them with lead pencil. Cf. this 
work with No. 92 above. 

VIII. ASTEONOMY. 
260. 

it) AjWJJ 

Bisalah dar 'Ilm-i Nujum. 

Fols. 58; 9 in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq - shikastah about a.h. 1108 (a.d. 1696); numerous tables 
in red ink. 



ff^J^J 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 229 

A treatise on astronomy; neither preface nor author's name is given. 
It is divided into ten bubs or chapters : 

I. j~*.jjjS.J >.Lc S.£ \yj ( j. , ^a*jJ^j .J, on fol. 2a, in six fash or 

sections, on fols. 25, 75, 9a, 16a, 18a, and 205. 

II. tt j6j\-^i tjl^JUs. ^i*jlj ,d, on fol. 21a. 

III. jjyg^sTjJ**^ KjLi ^auJ'j .J, on fol. 215. 

IV. .Xtf! <V,l-> ^Auilj ,t>, on fol. 22a. 

Y. u^-ij J}, CplaLs ^nibjj, on fol. 225. 

VI. J^ j j * ~.«i *-Hi> j^pi-AwJ^ .t^, on fol. 23a (in the index it is 

written al* Jjjas?, which is the heading of the bob below). 

VII. iU Jjl^* ,ji*Jij .l>, on fol. 23«. 

VIII. <-_;ui! JU^ij\ ^i*ujlj jti (according to the index), on fol. 235. 

IX. u-^.-.-x-H J^-s^ (J^-amJ^J jJ (which in Hindi is called 

^J^^ L^X.s>-, the Jag-J5gni, in astrology, i.e. spirits 

governing periods of good and ill luck), on fol. 24«. 

X. jAjjiJit ^Lj j<i, on fol. 245. 

The last five chapters have been misnamed in this book. The last 
5d5 includes notes on —\j-^Li\ _ <__ aJj, etc., and contains a number 
of JU»c1. 

The folios are nearly all misplaced, but I have numbered them with 
red pencil. 

IX. ETHICS. 
261. 

Tarjuma-i Tahzib al-Akhlaq. 

Fols. 61 ; 8iin. by 5 in. ; 13 lines, each 3^in. long ; written in 
fair Xasta'llq ; bound in plain leather ; injured by insects ; copied at 
Jahanglrnagar (Dacca), a.h. 1081 (a.d. 1670); scribe, 'Ala al-Dln. 



230 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

A treatise on ethics and practical philosophy. The author's name 
is not given, but both from the title and the chapter headings it 
becomes evident that we have got here a Persian translation of 
Abu 'All Ahmad b. Muhammad Miskawaih, better known as Ibn 
Miskawaih's (d. a.h. 421, a.d. 1030) Arabic work of the same name 
(jLs-^l u^jtfO, called also ^jj*aJ^ ijl^b (Taharat al-Nafs), the 
basis of Nasir al-Din Muhammad al-Tusi's ^jjJu /$j>\ (see above, 
No. 95). 

Ibn Miskawaih wrote also a work on the moral precepts of ancient 
sages of Persia, India, Arabia, and Greece, which was translated from 
Arabic into Persian under the title of £-£■■ ^j\^,^- (the Jawldan-i 
Khirad) by TaqI al-Din Muhammad b. Shaikh Muhammad al-Arrajani 
al-Shustari, who nourished during the reigns of Akbar and Jahangir 
and rendered Shah-namah into prose at the desire of Akbar (see for 
the Arabic original, Haj. Khal., i, p. 213, and ii, p. 581 ; B.M.A. Cat., 
p. 627a ; Bodl. A. Cat., i, p. 86 ; S. de Sacy, Notices et Extraits, x, 
p. 95; Leyden Cat., iv, p. 191, etc.; and for the Persian version 
cf. Eieu, B.M.P. Cat., p. 441a; Bodl. Cat., 1417; Ethe, I.O. Cat., 
1922, No. 7). Ibn Miskawaih is also mentioned as the translator of 
Plato's "De legibus," under the title of jjj*-»*^:J1 l__>1^" (the Kitab 
al-Nawamis), but this version has also been attributed to Husain 
b. Ishaq, who died, a.h. 260, a.d. 873-874 (see Haj. Khal., v, p. 112 ; 
B.M.A. Cat., p. 7455 ; Bodl. Cat., 1422, No. xviii; and Wiistenfeld, 
Geschichte der arabischen Aerzte, pp. 26 and 64). 

In the present work the subject is treated in a muqaddimah (intro- 
duction), three bubs (chapters), and a khutimah (appendix). 

Muqaddimah, in two babs : 

i. Fol. 3a As ^ l3jZ> ^Lj jJ 

ii. ,, 4a ... c^mj^^j'J jjLuJ] JU£ ^Cj! ^lo .J 
Bab I. i3^>^ v— *o<\f>' .^ In seven fash (sections) : 

i. Pol. 9a Jjl*fli £*>\ ^lo j& 

ii. ,, 105 u^J\ JjUai JTt£-<^J<£c^l^<^L^,jLj .J 
iii. ,, 12 J . . . <^^~i\ Jd^ Sue i$ iA-^j ?V^ c^.j^ 
iv. ,, 16a .... Jjlai.^ioji^j i^-HiXc (-J^i ^Lj ^u> 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 231 

V. Fol. 185 jJjUsii C-Aua^M l^Ju> i^Lj jO 

vi. ,, 21a ^/*i3 c^s** \asu>- ^-J jt) 

vii. ,, 25a {j»& \je]/*\ CLJ\s\xs* j£ 

Bab II. J/^ <^-v».£»- i J In five fasls : 

i. Fol. 34« Jj-~*^ (* t V rW 1 *-' u^ J J 

ii. ,,355 Jb\ jr jA'l w LjjJ 

iii. ,, 38« JV*b "^T^^'^'j^ 

iv. ,,395 jUji^jJJjJ 

v. ,, 45a <^+^ (*&>* jtt ^ j^ 

Bab III. ^ C^«aL-aj u<^-* jj^^jm iJ In four fasls : 

i. Fol. 465 ^Xvj |*J^i ^W^ O^ J J 

ii. „ 50a &\jj^ U^s* o^^j J 

iii. ,, 55a cjy'leUasf-'l /»U*Ji j <-> 

iv. ,, 565 dJ5«&l)t* c^-JUS «t> 

The Jchdtimah in this copy is wanting, only the colophon is found. 
Begins : 

Cf. for this work as the basis of Naslr al-Din Tusi's ^jj& u jj^-^i 

(see above, No. 95, and also below), Haj. Khal., v, p. 112 ; B.M.A. Cat., 

p. 745; Bodl. Cat., 1435; etc. 

{James Anderson.) 

262. 

Akhlaq-i Nasiri. 

Fols. 152; 8fin. by 5£in. ; 19 lines, each 2fin. long; fair 
Nasta'liq-shikastah-amlz ; headings in red ; not dated ; copyist, Mir 
Muhammad Arshad Khwafi. 

This is another copy of Naslr-i Tusi's (d. a.h. 672, a.d. 1274) 
celebrated work on ethics (see above, No. 95), and is divided as 
follows : — 



232 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Maqalah I. Fol. la ; in two qisms : 

Qismi, in seven fasls, on Ms. 7a, 75, 11a, 125, 15b, 17b, and 235. 

Qism ii, in ten fasls, on Ms. 335, 36a, 37a, 38b, 41a, 435, 48a, 

57b, 60a, and 66a. 

Maqalah II. Fol. 83a ; in five fasls, on Ms. 83a, 85b, 88a, 91b 

(here on fol. 99 is the fasl which was added to the work after 

its completion), and 101a. 

Maqalah III. Fol. 103«; in eight fasls, on fol. 103a!, 109a, 1195, 

130a, 137a, 1405, 148a, and 151a. 

The preface begins as nsual. 

{James Anderson.) 

263. 

Akhlaq-i Muhsini. 

Fols. 154 ; 9f in. by 7 J in. ; 17 lines, each 4£ in. long ; written in 
Nasta'llq ; bound in stamped leather ; margins have been mended ; 
copied on the 14th Muharram of the thirteenth year (of some king's 
reign), probably in the twelfth century of the Hijrah. 

This is another complete copy of the well-known work on ethics by 

Maulana Kashifl (d. a.h. 910, a.d. 1505), but the folios have been 

misplaced, and the work in this instance begins on fol. 215 in the 

usual manner. For the author and details of the work see above, 

No. 97. 

(Robert Brown.) 

X. POETKY. 
264. 

Izhar al-Haqq. 

Fols. 92; 8fin. by 5fin. ; 17 lines, each 3 in. long; gold-lined 
round the pages ; well written in N/asta'liq, with Arabic texts in 
Naskh ; bears a seal of Husain Quli Khan-Bahadur of the year, 
a.h. 1106 (a.d. 1694). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 233 

A Persian translation of some of the difficult lines in the qasldahs 
written by the Imam 'All b. Abi Talib, the son-in-law of the Prophet 
(see above, Nos. 6-8), with comments upon the same by Mir 
Sayyid Wall, who compiled it by desire of his father. It is written in 
good style, and the qasldahs have been selected from some of the most 
reliable MSS. The following is the commentator's own account of the 
work, see fol. 2a, 1. 14 : — 

e _^ JoLai' dL*jsa^» jUil r iSU^ te &£ .jL> j*\ . . . ." 

Jlxi! \\ fjy&JiA \\z~*\% Jol^J *5»-.-^ ju*£> ajp ts-*xx.s§ i -i :1 <_}•£;>•* 

uL£Lij a^LuaSI &Juc ^1 *L«^ ^Xx^lJ s~A-}j-j jji.-.jU^ ci^.ju.sr* 

The following are the first two lines commented upon : — 

{James Anderson.) 
265. 

Shah-namah. 

Pols. 606 ; 14| in. by 8|-in. ; 25 lines, each 11 in. long; written in 
excellent Nasta'llq, in four gold-ruled columns, with headings in red ; 
the first two leaves of each of the two parts are richly illuminated ; 
the first part is also illustrated with fifteen pictures in gilt and colour 
on fols. 475, 57a, 67a, 79a, 905, 995, 120a, 1395, 141«, 1425, 143a, 
178«, 1865, 1975, and 204«, with numerous blank spaces for other 
illustrations which were never made ; margins slightly soiled by 
clamp ; probably copied in the tenth century of the Hijrah ; two 
uniform volumes in one. 

A complete and superb copy in two volumes of the famous epic 
poem, the Shah - namah, which was composed, according to the 
chronogram at the end (<j^~~s\ &«e _«j Ij jl^Jfc. JLj *$3), a.h. 389 



234 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

(a.d. 998), by the Homer of Persia, Abu al-Q,asim Hasan b. Sharaf- 
Shah, poetically styled " Firdausi," who died at his native place, Tus 
(Mashhad), at the age of 89 years, a.h. 411, a.d. 1020 (but Haji 
Khalfah says he died, a.h. 416, a.d. 1025). The poem contains 
legendary annals of the early Kings of Persia from Gayumars to the 
death of Yazdajird, the last of the Sasanian race, when the country was 
conquered by the Arabs, a.h. 21 (a.d. 641). It was written in purest 
Persian after a labour of about thirty-five years at the desire of the 
conqueror Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, and consisted of 60,000 distichs, 
but Firdausi did not live to reap his reward of 60,000 pieces of gold, 
which were promised but delayed by Mahmud, for, as the legend says, 
when the money arrived his body was on its way to its last resting- 
place. 

The present copy begins with a short preface containing a list of the 
ancient kings of Persia in genealogical order. This is followed by the 
four da/tars of the poem in the form of two books. 

The preface begins : 

_ ^-..^p-l <)JTj a!j«j, Li *U!_j 'ijLA\j c ^!Un l-jj <QJ! j^sm 

jSl ii *LJ\ 4-1.-J L-J ^-S- ,Xa »S\ CLijKS.^- \\ d& Ll^jjlj sAi 

The first book begins on fol. 3b : 

The second book begins on fol. 3085, with Luhrasp's reign : 

For Firdausi and his work see chiefly Noldeke, Das iranische 
Nationalapos in Triibner's Grundriss der iranischen Philologie, 
Band ii, pp. 130-211, and the editions of Turner Macan, Calcutta, 
a.h. 1245 (a.d. 1829); J. Mohl, Paris, a.d. 1838-1878 ; J. A. Vullers, 
Leyden, a.d. 1877-1884 ; also Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, pp. 533-541 ;. 
Pertsch (Gotha Cat.), p. 68 ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 492 ; 
Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 405 ; Ouseley, Biogr. Notices, pp. 54-99 ; 
Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 860-881; etc. Turner Macan's text has been 
reproduced in many lithographed editions in India and Persia. The 
principal translations are : J. Mohl, Le livre des rois, traduit et com- 
mente, Paris, a.d. 1876-1878; I. Pizzi, II libro dei re poema epico,. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 235 

8 vols., Turin,A.D. 1886-1888 ; Shack, Heldensagen, 3rd edition, 3 vols., 
Stuttgart, a.d. 1878; J. Gorres, Das Heldenbuck von Iran, 2 vols., 
Berlin, a.d. 1820 ; Riickert, Eirdosi's Konigsbuch, Berlin, a.d. 1890sq. ; 
Starkenfels, Key-Kawus in Masenderan, Vienna, a.d. 1841 ; Champion 
(books i-viii), a.d. 1788; Weston, Episodes from the Shah Namah, 
a.d. 1815; Zimmern, The Epic of Kings, London, a.d. 1882; 
Robinson's Poetry for English Readers, a.d. 1883 ; etc. 

{Graham of Airth.) 



266-267. 

<ulj a Li 
Shah-namah. 

Fols. 689; 13^ in. by 9^in. ; 22 lines, each lirn. long; in four 
columns, surrounded by coloured lines ; written in excellent Nasta'liq, 
with headings in red or gold ; illuminated frontispiece ; the last few 
folios are slightly injured ; bears a seal of the owner, Ziya-allah 
(a.h. 1041, a.d. 1631) ; two volumes. 

Another complete copy of the Shah-namah, much superior to the 
preceding, but not containing the preface. There are numerous blank 
spaces, apparently for illustrations which were never made. 

The two books begin as usual. 

{James Anderson.) 



268-269. 

<ul) aLi 
Shah-namah. 

Eols. 598; 11 in. by 8-Jin. ; 25 lines, in four columns, each liin. 
long ; written in clear Nasta'liq, with headings in black or red ink, 
and in some places also on the margins ; numerous later additions on 
the margins ; the first volume is injured in its first half ; bound in 
stamped leather ; not dated, but a very old copy ; two volumes. 



236 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Another complete copy of the Shah-naniah, much older than the two 
preceding ones. The preface to this copy (which has been translated 
by M. de Wallenbourg in "Notice sur le Shahname," Vienna, 
a.d. 1810) begins : 

JojUj *?.j-i\ uW J^S e;W &-i) *& \j*j\*&- ^-^ 3 U^r 1 

In the preface is included the satirical poem which was written on 
Sultan Mahmud, fol. 3a, beginning : 

(David Anderson.) 



270. 

Ta'rikh-i Shamshir-Khani. 

Fols. 170 ; 11 in. by 7 -Jin. ; 19 lines, each 4-f in. long; written in 
good Nasta'llq, with headings in red ; illuminated frontispieces ; bound 
in gilt-stamped leather ; slightly soiled by damp ; copied by Salih 
Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Q,adir Siham, a.h. 1090 (a.d. 1679). 

This is a good copy of an abridgement of the Shah-namah of 
Firdausi (see above), compiled with a connecting narrative in prose by 
Tawakkul Beg, son of Tulak Beg al-Hasani, who was in the service of 
Prince Darashikuh during his Governorship of Kabul. It was in the 
26th year of Shahjahan's reign, a.h. 1063 (a.d. 1653), that the author, 
who had been transferred to Ghazni, wrote the present work at the 
desire of Shamshlr-Khan, the governor (see the preface). 

The history begins with the reign of Gayumars, and is brought 
down to the Sasanians, descendants of Ardashlr-Babagan. 

Begins : 

\j^J^>-^\ L-^>-\j t_?V.^ CL^ae- t »^>^ ijJ <-£^_J '^ -^.^rf &A&- 



#- 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 237 

Cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 539 ; Bodl. Cat., 504 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 
883-890 ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 740 ; Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), 
p. 540 ; etc. 

This work was translated into English by J. Atkinson, and published 
in his " Shah-namah of Firdausi," London, a.d. 1832. It was printed 
at Calcutta, a.h. 1263 (a.d. 1846), and lithographed at Dehll and 
Cawnpore, a.h. 1268 (a.d. 1851), and also at Lucknow. 

•o 



271. 

Garshasp-namah. 

Fols. 84; 13|- in. by 9iin. ; 22 lines, each liin. long, in four 
columns, surrounded by coloured lines ; written on gold- sprinkled 
paper, in excellent Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the Shah- 
namah (Nos. 266-267) ; headings in red ; bears an l arz-dldah at the 
end ; probably transcribed in the tenth century of the Hijrah. 

This poem, celebrating the exploits of Garshasp, prince of Sistan, 
and one of the ancestors of Rustam (the celebrated hero in Firdausi' s 
Shah-namah), represents the earliest attempt to imitate Firdausi. 
It is usually ascribed to the poet Asadi Tusi, the master of Firdausi, 
who flourished during the reigns of Sultan Mahniud and his son 
Mas'ud of Ghazni, and died in that of the latter (a.h. 421-432, 
a.d. 1030-1040), but since some of the copies described in other 
collections (see below) contain the date of composition, a.h. 458 
(a.d. 1066), the probability is that this work (unless its version is 
different, see the Sam-namah below) is due to Asadi's son (Abu 
al-Hasan Abu al-Mansur) 'All b. Ahmad al-Asadi (this has been 
shown by Dr. Ethe in his paper, "TTeber persische Tenzonen," in 
" Abhandlungen des fiinften Internationalen Orientalisten-Congresses 
zu Berlin, a.d. 1881," zweiter Theil, erste Halfte, p. 64 sq. ; cf. also 
Eieu, B.M.P. Cat., iii, p. 10885; Mohl's preface to the " Livre des 
rois " ; Bodl. Cat., 507 ; Ethe, I.O. Cat., 893). 

The poem in its present form contains only 7,277 distichs, has no 
date, is anonymous, and does not include the distich that states the 
length of the poem, i.e. 10,000 distichs. 



238 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

It begins abruptly : 

The first rubric runs : 

The last rubric : 
^V-SJ t)W U^ {^""Jfij! (*"V* 4^/ ^ 3 -J V MS ^^ 4^ 

The last line : 

Cf. for MSS. of the Garshasp-namah, Bodl. Cat., 507-508 ; Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 893 ; British Museum (four new copies not yet described 
are preserved in Or. 2780, 2878, 2926, and 2976) ; etc. A portion 
of the text of the poem is published in Turner Macan's edition of the 
Shah-namah, iv (appendix), pp. 2109-2133. 

(James Anderson.) 



272. 

Sam-namah, 

Pols. 67; 13£in. by 9£ in. ; 22 lines, each 11 in. long, in four 
columns surrounded by coloured lines ; written on gold- sprinkled 
paper, in excellent Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the Shah- 
namah (Nos. 266-267) ; headings in red ; probably transcribed in the 
tenth century of the Hijrah. 

A poem celebrating the exploits of Sam (son of) JNarlman (who 
succeeded Garshasp as Jahan-Pahlawan) and his romantic love with 
Princess Paridukht, daughter of the Emperor of China. The author's 
name is not given, but as it is in close imitation of the celebrated 
Masnawi called jj^jUa i_^Ui> (the Huma-i Humayun) of Khwaju 
Kirmani, is usually ascribed to the same author. Poems of the same 
title and treating of similar contents are described in some of the 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 239 

catalogues (see references below), but their beginnings and the number 
of disticbs which they contain are different. Khwajah Kama! 
al-Din Abu al-'Ata Muhammad b. 'All Murshidi (otherwise called 
" Khwaju Kirmani") was born on the 5th Shawwal, a.h. 679 
(28th January, a.d. 1281). He was the author of a Dlwan, 
.^jL^Jj* «_*-i« u_jlxsl jj\ i^J\JJ:\~<» jJ aJLj., and his Khanisah 
in imitation of Nizami (see above, N/os. 101-103), completed a. h. 744 
(a.d. 1343), consisted of the following five poems: J\j>^\ **-*£} j (the 
Bauzat al-Anwar), ^•jU.a ^U.4 (the Hunia-i Humayun), Uj*J j JS 

(the Gul-u Nauruz), <L*l) JUj (the Kamal-namah), and <L«li j&£ 
(the Gauhar-nfunah). The Khwajah died at Shiraz probably, 
a.h. 753, a.d. 1352 (see Eieu, B.M.P. Cat., ii, p. 620), though in 
some of the well-known Tazkirahs of Poets various dates of his death 
are given, a.h. 742 and 745 (a.d. 1341 and 1344). However, as this 
poem seems to be a continuation of the preceding one, and resembles 
it in metre and style and is also written in the same handwriting, it 
is highly probable that it is due also to Asadi Tusi, the author of 
the Garshasp-namah described above. 

The present poem (5,837 distichs) begins : 

& J <^ "*^ &\~i jx^-ii \\ <o ^l^-o'j izjlf* ^5" yj>»ft--» mt*-- 2 *- 
The first rubric runs : 

The last rubric : 

The concluding distich : 

Cf. Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 594 (this copy contained 30,000 
distichs); Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, pp. 543-544 (4,200 distichs), and 
p. 10895; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1235 (for a full account of this MS. see 
Spiegel in the Zeitschrift der Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft, iii, 
pp. 245-261) ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 7. See also Ethe, Deutsche 
Litteraturzeitung, p. 1736, No. 45 (a.d. 1881). 

{James Anderson.) 



240 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

273. 

Sharh-i Hadlqat al-Haqlqah. 

Fols. 551 ; lOin. by 6|-in. ; 17 lines, each 3|-in. long; written in 
very clear Nasta'liq, with headings, etc., in red; copied at Gwalior; 
dated the 4th Muharram of the year 51 a.h., probably 1051 
(a.d. 1641). 

The Hadiqah (a poem on the unity of God, other religions subjects, 
and ethics), with an elaborate commentary upon the same. The 
former is by the celebrated poet and philosopher Shaikh Abu al-Majd 
Majdud, or Majd al-Din ' ' Sana'i " b. Adam, commonly known as Hakim 
Sana'I, who was born at Ghaznl towards the later half of the fifth 
century a.h. (the eleventh century a.d.) in the reign of Ibrahim-Shah 
(a.h. 451-492, a.d. 1059-1099), the grandson of Sultan Mahmud, and 
flourished during the reigns of four successive Sultans : Mas'ud 
(a.h. 492-507) b. Ibrahim, Kamal al-Din Shlrzad (a.h. 507), Arslan 
(a.h. 507-510) b. Mas'ud, and Bahram - Shah (a.h. 512-548, 
a.d. 1118-1153) b. Mas'ud-Shah. Sana'I, who belonged to an 
illustrious family, was a disciple of 'Usnian Mukhtarl. At the 
beginning of his career he was nothing more than a bard to the 
Ghaznawides, but the most interesting portion of his life is the later 
part, which he passed in seclusion and retirement in deep metaphysical 
meditation and religious devotion, composing sufic poems. He owed 
his religious opinions to Abu Yusuf Hamadanl, who was his spiritual 
guide. The poem, which is a recognised masterpiece . of Persian 
literature, is held in great esteem by the Sufis, and was finished, 
a.h. 525 (a.d. 1131). The evidence as to the date of the author's 
death is doubtful, but most probably he died at the age of 62, in the 
same year as the poem was composed, although TaqI Kashi, Azar, 
and Khwand-Mir place it twenty years later, and in some copies the 
date of the poem has been put back to a.h. 535 (a.d. 1140). The only 
work stated to have been written by Sana'I after his reputed death 
is the poem called ^^JLjsL^ (J-l.J* (the Tan*! al-Tahqiq), which 
bears the date of its composition (a.h. 528, a.d. 1134), see Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 926. It is safe to say that had Sana'I lived longer 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 241 

than a.h. 525, and even so long as a.h. 576 (a.d. 1180, 1181) 
according to Haji Khalfah and Daulat-SJmh, and the MS. copy in 
the Asiatic Society, Bengal, N.A. 34, bears the same date on the 
flyleaf, and a.h. 590 quoted on the authority of Taqi Auhadi by 
Khuda-Bakhsh in his Mahbub al-Albab, p. 160, he would have left 
a few more works than we now possess. Sana'i is said to have 
composed a Diwan containing six other masnaivls in the same metre, 
and about 30,000 verses of qasidahs, etc., but as the legend says, the 
poet had destroyed, when he assumed the garb of a Sufi, all those 
poems which he had written in praises of monarchs and princes, and 
practically none of this class of his odes remain. 

The commentary upon the poem is by Khwajah 'Abd al-Latif 
b. 'Abd-allah al-'AbbasI, who states in the introduction that having 
formerly acquired great credit for his commentaries (styled Mir' at and 
Lata'if-i Ma'nawi) upon the Masnawl of Maulana Kum, he had been 
induced to undertake a similar commentary on the Hadiqah. That he 
had been long in search of a correct copy, and at length in the year 
a.h. 1040 (a.d. 1630) he had the good fortune to meet with one 
which had been procured at great expense from Ghazni by Mirza 
'Aziz Gukaltash, entitled Khan-i A'zam (who was foster-brother and 
playmate of Akbar and one of his ablest generals, d. a.h. 1033, 
a.d. 1624), in the year a.h. 1000 (a.d. 1591), during the period of his 
government of Gujarat. He further states that in the compilation of 
the commentary he was assisted by 'Imad al-Dln Mahmud al-Hamadani, 
poetically styled " Ilahi," which had been the poetical name of Sana'i, 
and at the beginning the Hadiqah had been also styled " Ilahi-namah." 
The work, which was begun, a.h. 1040, was completed, a.h. 1042 
(a.d. 1630-1633). Ilahi, it may be mentioned, was a descendant of 
a family of Sayyids in Bashldabad, in the province of Hamadan. He 
came over to India about the close of Jahangir's time. He is the 
author of a biography of poets called *?S ^,U>- (the Khazlna-i Ganj) 
and a Diwan. He died either a.h. 1057 or 1064 (a.d. 1648 or 1654). 
The former date is on the authority of Mir'at-i Jahan, and the latter 
deduced from a chronogram of GhanI Kashmiri. Abd al-Latif died, 
a.h. 1048 or 1049 (a.d. 1638, 1639). 

16 



242 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Contents : 

I. The commentator's preface, -which was written, a.r\ 1038 

(a.d. 1628), being the eighth year of Shahjahan's reign, 
begins : 

li^ J?***) *-*5J*- ^ *f^ .... f&Jb, ^j Jijlb J^ j$\ 

II. The fihrist or index to the contents of the Hadlqah. This is 

wrongly numbered fol. 85, and the folios are also misplaced 
in binding (these I have renumbered). 

III. A few introductory remarks on the commentary by the 

author, fol. 16a, beginning: 

The above includes an account of Ilahi's share in the work, 
and his two chronograms on the date of compilation of the 
work (a.h. 1040, a.d. 1628) ; the second, on fol. 205, runs : 

IV. Sana'i's preface to the Hadlqah, on fol. 22 (preceded by a page 

of introductory remarks by the commentator), beginning : 

V. The Hadlqah in its commentary is subdivided into ten bobs or 

chapters : 

Chapter (1), in 81 sections : _ &JxJ.-x-*Ji\ o — <—Jui.s J Li! 
Xj*£) — **«»». •all <J, fol, 315, beginning: 

Chapter (2), in 44 sections : JLJi\ AJ.fi Ju^st* L---J 4-L»*i-i <_£ 
*y*cj _ LJSI^jLj jJlc, fol. 140«, beginning : 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 243 

Chapter (3), in 10 sections : 'J\ — dJUilj ^\^\ } JJUH teh* <J, 
fol. 2533, beginning : 

s'i 0.6- ^"jS- u^»^r~ &&y>- ^j^.} «— £y rj^J?') J^ ^^J^ 

Chapter (4), in 7 sections: *!«!! yj\ ^.jJlj (Xd\ JzL^dJ <_£ 

cljI^-jJ, fol. 279a, beginning: 

«xj *\\ij ^Wj^ 5 ^Jx tX^I |*Uj ^^ Jac ^i:- 1 

Chapter (5), in 12 sections: Jh^>L*J\j ^«£u*j\ ^^_a-«9 o 
jj^jt*!^, fol. 286a, beginning : 

Chapter (6), in 44 sections : Xj-*-£) — { JLLl\ jjmfcJLi-H _£<j cJ, 
fol. 303, beginning : 

Chapter (7), in 8 sections: .^1 ti «*fJ1j jjL***Jlj <LLr*!I cJ> 
*J>\ _ l-JJ^, fol. 3515, beginning: 

Chapter (8), in 4 sections : 'J\ — < $ts$\J*4} ^^-11 Jjj5"-1 o> 

fol. 3665, beginning : 

Chapter (9), in 31 sections: *,---£• ^Ju^itlj <— ?Lu>Jl J..2-*, 
fol. 373a, beginning : 

Chapter (10), in 12 sections: ^\ _ <M»:>.! uA^J <*H»- <— -vu*». <j, 
fol. 411a, beginning : 

This chapter also includes in 88 sections: JaciH ^Ua-LuJ! r (X^ 
*#-£j — *^i (•'^j beginning on fol. 4345 : 



244 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Cf. for Sana'I's life and works, Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 549 sq., 
and Supplt., p. 145 ; Bodl. Cat., 528-537 ; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), 
p. 557 sq. ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 747 sq. ; Leyden Cat., p. 326; 
Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 914-928 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 9 ; Fliigel 
(Vienna Cat.), i, p. 498; Browne, "A Literary Hist, of Persia," 
p. 486 sq., London, a.d. 1902, and (Camb. Cat.), p. 294 sq. ; Haj. 
Khal., iii, p. 40; Ouseley, Biogr. Notices, pp. 184-187 ; Mahfuz, 
" Hakim Sana'I and his work," in the Journal of the Moslem 
Institute, vols, i, ii, and iii, Calcutta, a.d. 1905-1906 ; etc. 

Cf. for 'Abd al-Latlf's rare commentary upon the Hadiqah, Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 923-924. 

The first two bobs of the Hadiqah, with a different commentary of 
Mirza 'Ala al-DIn Ahmad Khan " 'Ala'i" of Luharu (nearDehli) and 
Maulawl Muhammad Eukn al-Dln QadirlHisari, have been lithographed 
at Luharu, a. h. 1290 (1873) ; and the whole poem has been lithographed 
at Lucknow, a.h. 1295 (a.d. 1877), and Bombay. 

{David Anderson.) 



274. 

Dlwan-i Khaqanl. 

Fols. 401 ; lOJin. by 5f in. ; 19 lines in two central gold-lined 
columns, each If in. long; written in neat Nasta'llq ; frontispiece 
illuminated with gold ; probably copied in the eleventh century of the 
Hijrah. 

The collected poems of Imam KhaqanI (see his Kulliyyat, above 
No. 99). The present excellent copy has unfortunately a few pages 
missing at the end. 

Contents. 

I. The unnamed qasidahs and JVa't, beginning on fol. lb : 

{jOj\£ i^y) (JJU2 f*y*j t^U-uufcrfwjIxJ ' j*J t^jst (Jfc) 

(There are numerous glosses to this qasidah.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 245 

II. The five named qasidahs', the first is entitled ^-lall JPai^ 
(the Mantaq al-Tair), on fol. 19a, followed by others on 
fol. 31*. 
III. The qasidahs in praise of Sultans, etc., fol. 545, beginning : 

IV. The tarjVat, fol. 183, beginning: 

V. The marasi, fol. 2235, beginning : 

L^wJl JunuI ^rJ m1?" j^jAuIS /*>^ iJ<^ 1^' 

VI. The minor qasidahs of mixed contents, fol. 2545, beginning : 

VII. The muqatta'at, fol. 385a, beginning as in the copy 
described in the Baillie Collection. 

VIII. The Ao/w or satires, fol. 325, beginning (see above, No. 99) : 

IX. The ghazaliyyat al-Haqlqat, fol. 328«, beginning like the 
copy described above. 

X. The rubaHyyat, fol. 3875, beginning : 

{James Anderson.) 
275. 

Dlwan-i Khaqani. 

Fols. 461; 8^ in. by 5 Jin. ; 15 lines in two central columns, 
If in. long; written in clear Nasta'llq; an old copy, probably 
transcribed in the tenth century a.h. 



246 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

This is another collection of the collected poems of Khaqani. The 
contents, which are very much mixed, may be classified as follows : — 
I. The qasldahs of all descriptions. 
II. The tarjl'at, fol. 1465. 

III. The marasi, fol. 2663. 

IV. The muqatta'at, fol. 3373. 

V. The ghazaliyyat, fol. 4073. 

VI. The ruba'iyyat, fol. 458. 

{David Anderson.) 

Dlwan-i Khaqanl. 

Fols. 461 ; 8i in. by 5£ in. ; 15 lines, in two central columns; 
written in fair Nasta'liq, with headings in red ink ; bound in plain 
leather ; gilt-lined ; slightly injured at the beginning ; not dated, 
apparently an old copy. 

This is another collection of Khaqanl' s lyrical poems, containing 
both named and unnamed qasldahs, tarjl'bands, qit'ahs, marsiyyahs, 
and ghazals, but the ruba'is are missing at the end. 

Begins : 

(David Anderson.) 
277. 

Sharh-i Dlwan-i Khaqanl. 

Fols. 354; 8f in. by 3£in. ; generally 19 lines, each2|-2£in. long ; 
written in ordinary Naskh ; copied by Shaikh M'mat-allah Qazi of 
the village of Tamwarli in the Subah of Tilinganah, a.h. 1045 
(a.d. 1635). 

A commentary on the difficult verses in the Qasldahs of Khaqanl 
(see above, Nos. 99-100 and 274-275). It was written at the 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 247 

request of some friends by Muhammad (b.) Daud (here Dad) Alawl 
Shadiyabadi. The author's birthplace is otherwise called Mandii, the 
capital of Malwah. He also wrote another commentary on the 
Qasidahs of the poet " Anwarl" (at the command of Sultan Nasir al- 
Din Khilji, who reigned over Malwah, a.h. 909-916, a.d. 1503-1510). 
The preface begins : 

The commentary begins with the first lines of the usual initial 
qasidah : 

•J\ _ jjSJta (jljj Jib ^j us-*.J *-Lw^-j ^» Jl> 

i^l _ LtfJ'fcf*"- f-J J « Li->«Jl &£>~J} (J^M <0 L^-s«u*-.3 lj\ 

Cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), p. 5615; Bodl. Cat., 572, 573; Sprenger 
(Oude Cat.), p. 462; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 968-970; etc. 

(James Anderson.) 
278. 

Tuhfat al-'Iraqain. 

Fols. 122; 74- in. by 4-fin. ; 13 lines, in double columns; written 
in Nasta'llq-shikastah-amlz ; headings in red ink ; slightly injured, 
pasted with numerous patches ; not dated. 

The well-known masnawl in which the celebrated poet KhaqanI 
(see above) describes the pilgrimage which he made from Shirwan 
to Mecca and Medina and his way back, with special references to 
the 'Iraq-i 'Ajam and 'Iraq-i 'Arab. 

Begins : 

i $\£~ S.%« .j-wa &s>- ^j: < $ii\ ^l^.UaJ **5b 

Lithographed at Agra, a.h. 1272 (a.d. 1855) ; Lucknow, a.h. 1293 
(a.d. 1876); etc. The contents have been described in the author's 
memoirs by Khanykov (see above, No. 99), pp. 173-179. 

(David Anderson.) 



248 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

279. 

Iskandar-nama-i Barri. 

Fols. 229 ; 9iin. by 6£m. ; 15-17 lines, in two central columns; 
written in Nasta'liq-shikastah-amiz ; bound in stamped leather ; copied 
in the eighth year (a.h. 1180, a.d. 1766) of Shah-'Alam's reign. 

This is another complete MS. of the first part of the celebrated 

poem of Nizaml, containing an account of the exploits as a conqueror 

of Alexander the Great. For the author and this work see above, 

No. 101. It begins in the usual manner. 

(David Anderson.) 

280. 

Laila-u Majnun. 

Fols. 156 ; 9^ in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each 
If in. long; written in clear Nasta'liq ; coloured lines round the 
pages ; frontispiece sparingly illuminated with gold ; bound in gilt- 
stamped leather; copied by Muhammad Husain in a.h. 1104 
(a.d. 1692). 

This is one of the five epic poems of Nizami (see above), on the 
loves of Laila and Majnun (see above, No. 57). It consists of four 
thousand couplets, and was composed within four months time, 
a.h. 584 (a.d. 1188), at the desire of Khan-i A'zam Akhtasan 
Minuchihr, the Sultan of Shirwan, who has been mentioned in 
connection with Ehaqanl. The other four poems which form the 
so-called Khamsah or Panj-Granj of Nizam! are entitled : 

(1) j\j-"$\ ijjj-^* (the Makhzan al-Asrar, see above, No. 102) ; 

(2) ^j+J* )jj MJ ^ m (^ e Kbusrau-u Shirm, described above, No. 103); 

(3) ^j.dcS^t <uli i i.~L (the Sharaf-nama-i Sikandari, or the 

Iskandar-nama-i Barri, the first part of the Iskandar-namah, see 
above, Nos. 101, 279, and Supplement) ; (4) o/*? <uli j&iLJ\ (the 
Iskandar-nama-i Bahri, or the second part of the Iskandar-namah). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 249 

Begins : :b *:£ ^^- <u\i y *U ^j jlcl ^~j ^jm £ A' J c$> 
Cf. Rieu(B.M.P. Cat.), pp. 5663, etc. ; Bodl. Cat., 585 (3), 605-606, 

etc. ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 972 (4), etc. ; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 520 (3); 

Browne (Camb. Cat.), p. 303 ; etc. It has been edited at Lucknow, 

a.h. 1287 (a.d. 1870), and translated into English by J. Atkinson, 

" Laili and Majnun," a.d. 1836. 

281. 

Masnawl-i Ma'nawl. 
Eols. 308 ; 9i in. by 7-Hn. ; 23 lines in four columns, each H in. 
long ; written in fair small Nasta'llq, with headings in red; numerous 
glosses on the margins ; stained by damp ; copied at Sar, a.h. 892 
(a.d. 1486), by Shah-Malik b. Khwajah Khalid b. Khwajah 'Abd 
al-Rahman al-Khalidl, called " Amlr-Quzi." 

The well-known spiritual poem composed (see chronogram at 
the end : 



.».•_• l__-a._;»»j • _w /w.mj U— - .. 



B* JL- jy-j \^~> ^) fc/® t^~ 



= a.h. 662, a.d. 1263) by the celebrated Maulana Jalal al-Din RumI 
b. Muhammad Baha, al - Din b. al - Husain al - KhatibI, who was a 
descendant of the Khalifah Abu Bakr Siddiq. He was a disciple first 
of Sayyid Burhan al-Din Tirmlzi, and afterwards of the celebrated 
Sufi, Shams al-Din Tabriz!, who was killed, a.h. 645 (a.d. 1247). 
Maulana Rum! in his Dlwan, which contains 30,000 verses, had 
inserted instead of his name that of his master Tabrizi. Bum!, who 
was born in Balkh, was the founder of an order of Sufis in the city 
of Conia (Iconium) in Asiatic Turkey, where he died at the age of 
65 years in the time of Abaqa-Khan, a.h. 672 (a.d. 1274). 

Of the Masnawi it may be said that though it does not deserve the 
merit of originality, yet it so beautifully illustrates, by means of short 
fanciful anecdotes, the doctrines of Suflism laid down by Sana'i in 
his Hadiqah (see above, No. 273), and, being written in the purest 
language, is especially adaptable to fascinating music, so that it has 
attained a popularity hitherto unsurpassed by any other poem. It is 
divided into six Daftars or books : 



250 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Daftar I. Fol. lb ; the preface begins : 
^,jJl J^>l J^ <JJ^y^ L sfl^i\ i__jI^ \dJb aJJU II Jus yU_j 

The Masnawi begins on fol. 2a : 

(The above Daftar is preceded by three folios of explanatory notes 
and a few single verses of Muhammad Ma gh rib!, Mashql, Abu Turab 
Beg, and an unknown poet, ,_£. jl ^ , literally " I don't know.") 

Daftar II. Fol. 51b ; the preface begins : 

The Masnawi continues : 

(There is a short gap between the first and second Daftars, and in 
this are inserted a single mustazdd of Shaikh Farld al-D!n 'Attar, 
another of the author of this Masnaw!, and a third of Shaikh 'All 
Sayyidi, an anonymous quatrain, a ghazal of Jam!, another of Ahmad 
Runil, a disciple of Rumi, a short poem in praise of Moses of Mulla 
Mu'm "Wa'iz, and an explanation in prose of the first line of the 
second Daftar.) 

Daftar III. Fol. 955 ; the preface begins : 

The Masnawi continues : 
Aj &~i&J* L^-CmJ d& Jiij -»^o ^j! jLj ^.O^l /*Ljo- <ji.sM *L*s ^V 

Daftar IV. Fol. 151 b; the preface begins : 
4— >^i -*uJ wJU*ll J— ^H.? t-1/^^ ^j-***-*^ ,c— 51 J — Aj— N &*^\ 

The Masnawi continues : 

^y^t ^jj*t &<*j\ u^-iJ.S *£ ^y ^.jJl aI^***- <Js\ x \~e u>' 
Daftar Y. Fol. 1975; the preface begins : 
.*— * alj c^_«^ «_^-£> ^.s^k ij^-oo .— i <L^ ^-.^jLj tj\S\j Jui!<Jkj 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 251 

The Masnawi continues : 

Daftar VI. Fol. 2515 ; the preface begins : 

The Masnawi continues : 

Cf. for Maulana Euml and his work Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), p. 584 sq. ; 
Bodl. Cat., 646-675; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1060-1115; Pertsch (Gotha 
Cat.), 42, and Berlin Cat., p. 783 sq. ; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 489 sq. ; 
Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), p. 514 sq.; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 14 sq. ; 
Bosen (Pers. MSS.), p. 173 sq. ; Ouseley, Biogr. Notices, p. 112 sq. ; 
etc. For commentaries upon the work see Haj. Khal., v, p. 375. 
Selected pieces have been rendered into German by G. Bosen in 
"Mesnewi oder Doppelverse, etc.," Leipzig, 1849, and Tholuck's 
Bliithensammlung morgenland. Mystik, p. 53 sq. ; into English (an 
abridgement of the whole work) by E. H. Whinfield, " Masnavi i 
Manavi," London, 1887 ; and the first Daftar only, by J. W. Bedhouse, 
London, 1881 (both these works were published in Tnibner's Oriental 
Series). 

The poem has been lithographed in Bulaq with the commentary in 
Turkish of Isma'il Anqirawl, a.h. 1251 and 1268 (a.d. 1835 and 1851) ; 
Bombay, a.h. 1262 (a.d. 1845) and repeatedly afterwards; Tabriz, 
a.h. 1264 (a.d. 1847) ; Lucknow, a.h. 1282 (a.d. 1865); Constantinople, 
a.h. 1289 (a.d. 1872) ; Teheran, a.h. 1299 (a.d. 1881) ; etc. The last 
edition, by Muhammad Tahir Mustaufi, is the neatest of all. 

(James Anderson.) 



282. 

Masnawi-i Ma'nawi. 

Fols. 306 ; 9|in. by 5f in. ; 25 lines in four columns, each |-in. 
long ; written in beautiful small Nasta'liq ; headings in red ; gold-lined 



252 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

round the columns ; slightly injured at the beginning and end ; 
illuminated frontispiece to each of the six Daftars; bears an l arz- 
dldah; dated a.h. 1020, a.d. 1611 (see end of first book, fol. 495). 

This is another complete copy of the Masnawi in six Daftars, 
containing prefaces, on fols. 15, 50a, 925, 1485, 1935, and 2495, 
beginning as usual. 

(James Anderson.) 



283. 

Mukashafat-i Eizwi. 

Fols. 294; 8f in. by 5 in. ; 19 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red and Arabic texts overlined ; 
not dated. 

A complete commentary upon the six Daftars of the Masnawi of 
Bum! (see above). It was compiled by Muhammad Riza, who states 
in the preface that he had the writing of a commentary in view for 
a long time, but his various pursuits and his services to the sovereign 
prevented him from doing so until a.h. 1084 (a.d. 1673), when he 
laid aside all engagements, and fulfilled his long-felt desire. He 
entitled the work after the name of the Imam Eiza, as he had a firm 
belief in his spiritual guidance. 

All the baits of the text of the poem are introduced by the word 
{J j^4 or its abbreviation * written in red. 

The preface begins : 

_ .1 -<*: I t_2*i)0 



Daftar I commences about the middle of fol. 2a 



& 



$ 



<&££ ^Jjji- j\ As q>- (^L 



iA^.i -•• cil—^. 


.&► 


V??lJJ\ 


*L/M.) 


^jj 


1 


\s$jh 


U? 


Li 


my 




^ 


_ U^^«!l 


«u ^_^wcu*«. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 253- 

Daftar II, fol. 1295: 

Daftar III, fol. 1815: C 

•J\ _ .Lj ^jJI *L*=*. j:js:m *Lj ^ 

Daftar IV, fol. 2245 : 
Daftar V, fol. 2455 : 

Daftar VI, fol. 2685 : ^ ( 

Cf. Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 495; Ethe (I.O. Cat), 1105. 

284. 

Kulliyyat-i Sa'di. 

Fols. 359; Hi in. by 9 in. ; 19 lines in the centre of page, each 
3 in. long, with 16 lines on the margins, each l&in. long; written in 
good Nasta'llq, on thick glazed paper, with headings in red ; the 
'■unwam and frontispieces are illuminated ; illuminated lines round the 
pages ; bound in plain leather; dated, a.h. 1065 (a.d. 1654). 

The complete works of Shaikh Sa'di (see above, No. 104). The 
present copy is divided as follows : — 

I. The collector's preface, fol. 15, beginning in the usual 
manner. Sa'di in this copy is designated as toJ.*J! i__i--£> 



254 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

and the collector as 'All b. Ahmad b. Abi Bakr (instead of 
Abu Nasr). 
II. The first Eisalah, being the author's preface, fol. 25, on the 
margin. 
III. (1) The first Majlis, fol. 5a. 

(2) The second Majlis, fol. 65, on the margin. 

(3) The third Majlis, fol. 9a. 

(4) The fourth Majlis, fol. 105, on the margin. 

(5) The fifth Majlis, fol. 12a. 

IY. The third Eisalah of the " Sahib-i Diwan," fol. 16a. 

Y. The fourth Eisalah, on reason and love, fol. 17a. 

YI. The fifth Eisalah, on the advice to kings, fol. 185. 

YII. The sixth Eisalah, comprising three stories referring to 
(1) Abaqa-KMn, fol. 235, on the margin ; (2) Amir 
Ankiyanii, fol. 245 ; (3) Malik Shams al-Dln, fol. 255. 

YIII. The Gulistan (^b-uAf ), fol. 265, comprising eight Babs, 
on Ms. 295 (on the margin), 41a, 49a, 555, 57a, 625, 645, 
and 705. 

IX. The Munajat (w^U-L*) or Pand-namah (<ul3 Jaj), fol. 775, 
the moral poem, commonly known by its initial word as 
Karlma (U..>^). This didactic poem is one of Sa'di's most 
popular works. In some of the Kulliyyat it has been 
omitted, which has led a few authorities to doubt its 
authenticity, but not only does the name of the poet occur 
in the last line but one : 

but the author of the Ta'rikh-i Muhammad! (written as early 
as a.h. 842, a.d. 1438) has attributed the work to Sa'dl. 
The poem begins : 

Cf. Bodl. Cat., 688 (12) and 748; Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 8655 
(iii); Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1127 (7), 1133 (e), 1134, and 1135; Pertsch 
(Berlin Cat.), pp. 803 and 825 ; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 549 ; etc. 
See also Zenker, i, pp. 418 sq. and 1468, ii, p. 480 sq. The first 
English translation has been published at Calcutta, a.h. 1203 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 255 

(a.d. 1788). The French version is by Garcin de Tassy, in his 
" Exposition de la foi Musulmane," Paris, a.d. 1822, and also by 
the same in "Allegories, recits poetiques et chants populaires," Paris, 
a.d. 1876 (pp. 197-200). Select passages have been rendered into 
German verse in the notes to K. H. Graf, Kosengarten, Leipzig, 
a.d. 1846 (pp. 239, 244, 253, 260, 281, 293, and 297-298). The 
text has been published in the Calcutta edition of the Kulliyyat, and 
with a Latin translation by G. Geitlin, Helsingfors, a.d. 1835. The 
Calcutta editions, a.h. 1242 and 1270 (a.d. 1826 and 1853), contain 
besides the text an Urdu translation. It has also been lithographed 
at Lueknow, a.h. 1263 (a.d. 1846), etc., and repeatedly afterwards at 
various presses. 

X. The BQstan (^Ll-j^j), fol. 825. Bab I, fol. 86a (on the 
margin); II, fol. 104 5; III, fol. 1145; IV, fol. 1215 
V, fol. 1305 (on the margin) ; VI, fol. 135a ; VII, fol. 138a 
VIII, fol. 147a; IX, on fol. 152a (on the margin) 
X, fol. 1585. 
XI. The Arabic Qasidahs, fol. 1615. 
XII. The Persian Qasidahs, alphabetically arranged, fol. 1685. 
An index to the first lines of these has been written at the 
end of the preceding Qasidahs. 

XIII. The MarasI (elegies), fol. 191a. 

XIV. Musallasat (one poem in three languages, Arabic, Persian, 
and Turkish), fol. 1975, beginning: 

^\ USI jjb ^ JJi, £o\ 3 ^A\ ^^\ JuU- 

XV. Tarji'band (refrain poems), fol. 198a (on the margins). 
XVI. The Tayyibat (pleasant ghazals), fol. 203a, also in alpha- 
betical order. 
XVII. The Mulamma'at and the Bada'i', fol. 273a (only the first 
poem has alternate Arabic and Persian verses, the rest are 
all ornate ghazals arranged alphabetically). The poems are 
preceded by an index to their first lines. 
XVIII. The Khawatirn (signets), fol. 3085 (on the margins), 
preceded by an index and arranged alphabetically. 
XIX. The Ghazaliyyat-i Qadim or early ghazals, also in alpha- 
betical order, fol. 321a. 



256 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

XX. The Sahibiyyah (the famous epigrammatic poems), fol. 3265, 
beginning : 

XXI. The Muqatta'at (ghazals without the initial bait), fol. 3395, 
beginning : 

XXII. The Mufradat (detached distichs), fol. 3455, beginning : 

XXIII. The Khabisat (obscene poems), fol. 347# (on the margins). 

XXIV. The Ruba'iyyat (quatrains), fol. 3525, beginning abruptly : 

XXV. The Hazliyyat (the mock homilies), in three m«/7?'s : 
(1) fol. 354«; (2) fol. 356« ; (3) fol. 357». 

{R.M. Binning, I.C.8.) 
285. 

Dlwan-i Sa'di. 

Fols. 141 ; 7-| in. by 4^ in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, and 
32 on the margins, each f in. long ; gold-ruled round the columns ; 
written in fair Nasta'liq ; two illuminated frontispieces ; bound in 
plain leather ; probably written in the tenth century of the Hijrah. 

This collection of the poetical works in Persian of Sa'di is incomplete, 

and consists of : 

(1) The Bustan, fols. 1-65; 

(2) The Qasidahs, fols. 655-89 ; 

(3) The Muqatta'at, fols. 895-141, beginning: 

^u_>t u;^ta is^ (A ****' U!J^ Xji^j 
' (David Anderson.) 



OMS 



5a, i l (TO 






76 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 257 

286. 

Dlwan-i Sa'di. 

Fols. 278 ; 8iin. by 5 in. ; 15 lines, in double columns ; written in 
fair JSTasta'liq ; mucb injured by worms ; bound in plain leather ; 
bears several seals of the owner ; dated a.h. 997 (a.d. 1588). 

This is another incomplete collection of the poems of Sa'di. It 
begins with the Tayyilut or pleasant gha%ah, but the contents are very 
much mixed, only the gha%ah for the greater part are arranged 
alphabetically. It is defective at the end. 

Begins : 

(David Anderson.) 
287. 

Bustan-u Gulistan-i ba Taswlr. 

Fols. 179 ; 6f in. by 4f in. ; 10 lines in the centre, each 2 in. long ; 
the lines written on the margins are f in. long ; written in small good 
Nasta'liq ; illuminated frontispieces ; gold-lined ; illustrated with seven 
portraits in Persian style of the ninth century a.h. ; decorated gilt 
binding ; not dated ; copyist, Hidayat-allah ShirazI ; an old MS. 

This MS. contains : 

The complete Bustan of Sa'di (written on the margins and 

beginning in the usual manner). 
The complete Gulistan (written in the centre of the pages, which 

begins with the usual Dibachah or preface). 

(R. M. Binning, I.C.S.) 

288. 

id***}} 
Bustan. 

Fols. 155 ; 8i in. by 4 in. ; 14 lines, in two central columns ; written 
in good Nasta'liq, with headings in red ink; bound in stamped 

17 



258 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

leather ; bears a seal (fol. 14a) of Sadiq 'All Mashhadi, of a.h. 1230 
(a.d. 1813); transcribed at Faizabad, a.h. 1185 (a.d. 1771); scribe, 
Ahmad 'AH b. Ja'far 'All. 

This is another complete copy of the Bustan of Sa'di. It contains 
numerous microscopic notes written round the margins. 

(David Anderson.) 
289. 

Bustan. 

Fols. 145 ; 8£ in. by 5f in. ; written in Nasta'llq ; bound in plain 
leather ; slightly injured by insects ; copied by the owner, Shaikh 
Muhammad Taqi b. Shaikh Ghulam Husain of Suhelah in the 
Bardwan district (India) ; not dated. 

This MS. of the Bustan of Sa'di is complete, and begins as usual. 

(David Anderson.) 

390. 

Dlwan-i Amir Khusrau. 

Fols. 228; 3fin. by 5 ins. ; written in clear Nasta'llq; ; bound in 
stamped deerskin; soiled by damp and injured; bears two 'arz-didahs, 
several seals, and an inscription (dated a.h. 1044, a.d. 1634) ; scribe, 
Mulla Farld. 

The poetical works (selected ghazals with a few rubd'ls) of the most 
celebrated Persian poet of Hindustan, Amir Yamin al-Dln Abu al- 
Hasan " Khusrau" Dihlawi. His father, Amir Saif al-Dln, was 
a Turk, and had come to Hindustan from Balkh. Amir Khusrau 
was born at Patiyala, a.h. 651 (a.d. 1253), but lived all his life 
in Dehli, where he was much favoured by his Murshad or spiritual 
guide, the celebrated Shaikh Nizam al-Dln Auliya (d. at Dehli, 
a.h. 725, a.d. 1325). Khusrau in all is said to have written 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 259 

half a million verse, and the following are some of his most 
notable works : Xk^zW kJus* (the poet's first Dlwan, containing 
poems of 16th-19th year) ; uljLsM L-jj (the second Dlwan, 
24th-32nd year) ; JUX1! uUJ.z (the third and the longest Dlwan, 
34th-42nd year, containing a historical masnawl called <*-y^ «-V;JL*) ; 
<UsiJ AJij (the fourth Dlwan, 50th-64th year) ; j^a AJ (the Nine 
Spheres, another historical masnawl) ; .^iX***!! ^Js (this poem is 
described below) ; ^\j JjPj ^\.s-j<i>- ^-^ (another epic poem), 
the Khamsah, consisting of the following poems: (1) Ji^i\ «_lk^» ; 
(2) jj^Aj 3J ^±~ ; (3) ^JJj uy^* } ( 4 ) tJj*"&~> *~5T ; and 
(5) l^A^j c^Aib ; i^j-au-sS- jLsfM, called also ^^j.^.^- ^j\JUi\ 
(this contained elegant prose compositions in the form of farmans, 
letters, and dispatches) ; <t<lj (JpJu ; -acui Jfcusj- ; (j^Jj j<2 A#>- ^ 2i 
(see above, No. 120) ; ^.b <jHfi»- ; ^tau^fia- ; etc. The poet died 
a.h. 725 (a.d. 1325). 

The present Dlwan begins : 

For extracts in English translation and notes of a few of the 
historical and epic poems of Amir Khusrau see Elliot, Hist, of India, 
iii, pp. 524-566. A few of the poet's works are mentioned in 
Sprenger (Oude Cat.), pp. 467-470. Cf. also Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), 
i, pp. 240-242, and ii, p. 609 ; Bodl. Cat., p. 465 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 
1186-1222; Ouseley, Biogr. Notices, pp. 148-163 ; etc. 

(David Anderson.) 
291. 

Qiran al-Sa'dain. 

Fols. 104 ; 81 in. by 5iin. ; 19 lines in two central columns, each 
If- in. long; written in neat Nasta'liq; slightly injured by insects ; 



260 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

not elated ; bears a seal of Ikram-Khan, a follower of the Emperor 
Sbahjahan. 

This is a historical account in verse, by the same Amir Khusrau 
(see above), of the meeting of Sultan Mu'izz al-DIn Kaiqubad (who 
reigned at Dehll, a.h. 686-689, a.d. 1287-1290), with his father, 
Nasir al-Din Bughra-Khan, Sultan of Bengal, which took place at 
Dehll, a.h. 688 (a.d. 1289). The poem, the title of which means the 
conjunction of the two lucky planets, was completed, as it is stated 
towards the end, in the month of Ramazan in the same year. The 
author at this time was in his 36th year. Shaikh INur al-Haqq 
al-Mashriqi (d. a.h. 1073, a.d. 1662) b. Shaikh 'Abel al-Haqq 
al-Dihlawi wrote, a.h. 1014 (a.d. 1605), an elaborate commentary 
on the poem ; another was compiled by 'Abd al-Rasul Qasim ; anel 
a third by an anonymous writer. 

Begins : 
^,\»^c v^y ^^y ) &*\-i j^ri Ut'T £>yA>^- (J-r^y^. & riy j ^ 

Cf. Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 470 ; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 611a ; 
Bodl. Cat., 773-775; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1186, 5; Pertsch (Berlin 
Cat.), p. 838 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), p. 343 ; etc. Some extracts 
from the poem in English translation are given by Elliot, in his 
History of India, iii, p. 524 sq. ; and by Professor Cowell, in the 
Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, a.d. 1860, xxix, pp. 225-239. 
It has been lithographed at Lucknow, a.h. 1259 (a.d. 1843), and again 
two years later (with glosses by Maulawl Quclrat Ahmad). 

{James Anderson.) 
292. 

Diwan-i Badr Chachl. 

Fols. 99; 9fin. by 5|-in. ; 15 lines, in two central columns; 
written in fair Nasta'liq ; bound in plain leather ; slightly injured by 
insects; dated a.h. 1126 (a.d. 1714) ; bears a seal of the owner, 
Muhammad Salih, of a.h. 1129 (a.d. 1716). 

The lyrical poems of Muhammad Badr al-Din, a celebrated poet of 
Chach or Shash (the ancient name of Tashqand), who flourished in 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 261 

the reign of Sultan Muhammad b. Tughluq, King of Dehli, and died 
after a.h. 746 (a.d. 1345). 

The Dlwan consists chiefly of qasldahs, with a few qit'ahs, ghazals, 
and ntou'ls at the end. 

Begins : 

<*z*J\,j j Jlc &&\j JW (jUaL: ^j\ Sa&- 

^si~>\ji^)\j i^y>>~ \j*^\ i^yA-l} t^JJ^y L/* 

Cf. Bodl. Cat., 793; Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), iii, pp. 1031, 1032, and 

1046 ; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 367 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1232-1233 ; 

Elliot, Hist, of India, iii, pp. 567-573 (a few extracts in English 

translation and notes are given) ; Beale, Orient. Biogr. Diet., p. 62 ; 

etc. The Qasd'id were lithographed at Lucknow, a.h. 1262 

(a.d. 1845). 

(David Anderson.) 

293. 

^U- cyLU 

Kulliyyat-i Jami. 

Fols. 580; 8iin. by 5^in. ; written in fair Nasta'liq ; 15 lines, 
each l^in. long, in each page, in double columns surrounded by gold 
lines ; five illuminated frontispieces ; much soiled by damp ; bears 
several seals of the first year of Shah-'Alam's reign and of the owner, 
'Ibad-allah; dated a.h. 1048 (a.d. 1638). 

A collection of the three complete Diwans of one of the most 
celebrated Persian poets, Nur al-DIn 'Abd al-Bahman b. Maulana 
Ahmad or Muhammad Ispahan!, poetically styled after the place of 
his birth " Jami." The poet, who lived most of his life at Herat, was 
a great favourite with Sultan Abu Sa'id-Mirza, and after his death with 
his son and successor the celebrated Sultan Husain-Mirza. He also 
enjoyed the patronage of the Wazlr Mir 'All - Shir. Jami was 
a prolific writer, and the following are some of his works : Haft- 
Aurang (containing the following seven masnawis: (1) Silsilat al- 
Zahb, which he dedicated to Sultan Bayazid II ; (2) Salaman-u Absal, 
whichhas been translated into English, see references below ; (3) Tuhfat 
al-Ahrar; (4) Subhat al-Abrar ; (5) Yiisuf-u Zallkha, see below; 
(6) Laila-u Majnfm ; (7) Khirad-nama-i Iskandari; the last five 



262 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

masnawis are also known as Jami's Panj-ganj or Khanisah) ; Lawanii' 
or commentary upon the Sufic poem called Al-Q,asidat al- Kh amriyyah; 
Nafhat al-Uns (notices of Sufis and Walls) ; Tafsir or commentary 
upon the Quran ; Baharistan (moral anecdotes) ; Shawahid al- 
Nubuwwat (evidence of Muhammad's prophetic mission) ; Al-Shi"at 
al-Lania'at (commentary upon a tract on mystic love) ; Tajnis-i 
Khatt ; Mukhtasar Waf! fl QawafI ; Futiih al-Haramain ; Khurshid-u 
Mali; Eisala-i Mu'ammayat; etc. Jam! died at Herat, at the age of 
81 lunar years, a.h. 898 (a.d. 1492). 

The present good copy consists of five parts : 

I. The introduction in prose by Jam! himself, Ms. 1-5, beginning : 



& 



»AA*J 



^ -J^ dU** Jj*** i^W '^^ Jo *j&j>ji l< [ i 

II. The first part of the first Dlwan, containing qasidahs, tarjt'ut, 

marasi, and short masnawis, fols. 5-65, beginning : 

III. The second larger part of the first Dlwan, containing ghazals r 

alphabetically arranged, fols. 65-328, begins : 

+As>. *.»Lc. 4 J? -L,J Azs.\ * *-^-Jl^ i j*s>.j]\ ^.DL^j 

IV. The second Dlwan, otherwise styled dlxW <LkA (the middle 

of the chain), fols. 329-483, contains a preface in prose 
which begins : 

+},j&\ ^^\ ^*^- ,-L^ * p?:>ip\ &* => -Jr>\ 4-UU^J 



# 



\jjjj j\Jbj^* JS)\^\ !£-*U- 4 ^j*& 



It is stated that this portion was composed, a.h. 894 (a.d. 1489). 

This Dlwan consists of : 

Qasidahs on fol. 3305, with one tarldbband on fol. 3385, beginning : 

h\Jy* °'^ L5^ *** ^ ft? m \)\J^ (*^J^ )f~ ***** cj-j^ 

Three ghazals without alphabetical order, beginning on fol. 3475 : 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 263 

Ghazals, arranged, alphabetically, begin on fol. 3485 : 

(In some copies the word ^-iSin the last line is written *]£j*-) 

Ahjut-i-fard, on fol. 47 la. 

Muqatta'dt and rubd'lyyat, on fol. 4775. 

V. The third Dl wan, otherwise styled i'Lsi! A-^J' lr>- (the conclusion 
of life), fols. 489-580, contains a short preface which begins : 

♦JjJiyLjj c^m-jII^ di^L * (*^ c *\r^ ivT* ,J> v)^^ <LJ-n**uj 
It is stated here that Jam! commenced composing this Dlwan in the 
year a.h. 896 (a.d. 1490). 
This Dlwan consists of : 
Three introductory poems followed by qasidahs, on fol. 490« : 

Ghazals, arranged alphabetically, begin on fol. 5005. 
Muqatta'dt, on fol. 5735 : 
Rubd'iyydt, on fol. 5765 : 

Three wdsulchts on the death of Ya'qub-KMn have been added at 
the end. They are written in very clear Nasta'lTq, but by a different 
hand, on paper of different quality, and dated a.h. 1180 (a.d. 1766). 

For the biography of Jam! vide Ouseley, pp. 131-138 ; William 
Nassau Lees, in his ' ' Lives of the Mystics," Calcutta, 1859; Eosenzweig, 
Biog. ISTotizen, 1840 ; Journal Asiatique, vi, p. 257, and xvii, p. 301 ; 
F. Falconer in his English translation of " Salaman and Absal," 
a.d. 1856; Beale's Orient. Biog. Diet., p. 132; etc. For Jami's 
works vide Bodl. Cat., 894-976 ; Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 17, and 
ii, pp. 643-650; Ethe (I.O. Cat), 1300-1389 ; Bosen, pp. 215-259 ; 
Pertsch (Gotha Cat.), p. 102, and Berlin Cat., pp. 867-883 ; Sprenger 
(Oude Cat.), pp. 447-451 ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, pp. 564-575 ; 
J. Aumer (Munich Cat.), pp. 30-33 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), pp. 354- 
355 ; Dorn (St. Petersb. Cat.), p. 369 ; in fact, in all Persian collections. 

{David Anderson.) 



264 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

294. 

Yusuf-u Zallkha. 

Fols. 148 ; 91 in. by 6|-in. ; 14 lines in two central columns, each 
li in. long ; written in good Nasta'llq ; frontispiece illuminated with 
gold ; ornamental headings ; a very old copy to which new margins 
have been pasted and omissions supplied in a different handwriting. 

A most popular poem on the loves of Yusuf and Zallkha, by the 
same Jam!. It was compiled, as stated in the epilogue, a.h. 888 
(a.d. 1483), and dedicated to Sultan Husain. 

Begins : 

^j\a^j ^jW" *j;jj\ u^ ^\t£j &*<*\ *^-^ (_5^ 

Cf. Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 450 (5); Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, 

pp. 644 (iii), 646, 648, and 649 ; Bodl. Cat., 894 (8), 895 (21), 

896 (5), 897 (5), 898 (5), 898 (7), 900 (5), 901 (1), 902 (2), and 

903-923 ; Pliigel (Vienna Cat.), pp. 565 (5), 566 (3), and 568 ; Ethe 

(I.O. Cat.), 1300 ( ), etc. ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), 876 (4), and 

838-893 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), pp. 31 and 32 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), 

pp. 355-358 ; etc. It has been edited and translated into German by 

Von Bosenzweig, Vienna, a.d. 1824; into English by Ralph T. H. 

Griffith, London, a.d. 1881, and by A. Rogers, London, a.d. 1892. 

It has been printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1224 (a.d. 1809), a.h. 1244 

(a.d. 1828), a.h. 1265 (a.d. 1848), and lithographed both in India and 

Persia. 

(David Anderson.) 

295. 

Ytisuf-u Zallkha. 

Pols. 129 ; 7-fin. by 5 in. ; 16 lines in two central columns, each 
1^ in. long; written in ordinary Nasta'liq, with headings in red; 
bound in stamped leather ; bears a seal of the owner, 'Ibad-allah, on 
the flyleaf of the year a.h. 1188 (a.d. 1774). 

This is another copy of the same poem as above. 

(David Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 265 

296. 

Mahmud-u Ayaz. 

Fols. 83; 7 Jin. by 5 in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each 
1| in. long ; written in clear Nasta'liq ; copyist, Majd al-Din ; dated 
a.h. 1023 (a.d. 1614). 

The story in verse, in the form of a masnawi, of Sultan Mahmud of 
Ghazni (the famous conqueror, who reigned for 33 years, during 
which time he invaded India seventeen times. He died at the age of 
66 years, on the 23rd Kabi' II, a.h. 421, the 30th April, a.d. 1030) 
and his favourite Ayaz (who was at first a humble servant, but by 
sagacity and honesty rose to the office of the treasurer). It was 
composed by the celebrated poet Maulana Saifi of Bukhara, who 
flourished under the patronage of Wazir Mir 'All-Shir at Herat, and 
Baisunghar-Mirza. 'All- Shir, surnamed Nizam al-Din, to whom Mlr- 
Khwand dedicated his famous work, the Eauzat al-Safa', as has 
already been noticed, see above Nos. 186-188, was the renowned 
Prime Minister of Sultan Husain-Mirza, the King of Khurasan. He 
collected round him a galaxy of scholars, historians, and poets, and 
himself was the author of several works in Turk! and Persian, both in 
prose and verse. As a poet he styled himself " JNawa'i." Daulat- 
Shah had also dedicated his well-known biography of poets to the 
same Wazir. He died on the 15th Jumada I, a.h. 906 (6th December, 
a.d. 1500). Baisunghar-Mirza succeeded his father, Sultan Abu Sa'id 
Mirza, as Sultan of Samarkand. He had had bad luck against Babar, 
and after a reign of five years was killed by one of his father's nobles, 
Khusrau-Shah, a.h. 905 (a.d. 1499), when he was 23 years of age. 

Saifi excelled also in writing on prosody, and on this account was 
called " 'Aruzi" (see his <jz*j£- *Xz j A &\-~>j described elsewhere). 
He died, according to the author of the Atashkadah, a.h. 909 
(a.d. 1503), at his native place. 

The poem consists of 2,506 verses, and was composed, a.h. 903 
(a.d. 1497). 

Begins : j\jy ^.^ <uUi- y Aj :\ j\j <ulj >J^y (k ^\ 

Cf. for Saifi and his works, Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 525, etc. 

{David Anderson.) 



266 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

297. 

Laila-u Majniin. 

Fols. 68 ; 9^ in. by 5Jm. ; 15 lines, in two central columns ; written 
in clear Nasta'liq ; bound in plain leather ; copied at Bashldabad, 
probably in tbe twelfth century of the Hijrah, by Sayyid 'Iwaz 
Shamsabadi. 

One of the most simple and universally esteemed among the 
numerous Persian poems dealing with the loves of Laila and Majnun, 
by Maulana 'Abd-allah, poetically styled "Hatifii," a nephew of 
JamL It was the poet's project to write a Khamsali in imitation 
of Nizami (see above, No. 280), but after he had completed his 
four masnaivis (besides the present one, the other three being 
• t *m>6>. « ,,j ^Ja , the Shlrln-u Khusrau, <Ju»U , ».*»J, the Timur-namah, 
^^■* v^^i>, the Haft-Manzar) he died at Herat, a.h. 927 
(a.d. 1521). For the Arabic version of the story see above, No. 57. 

Begins : 

Cf. on the author and his works, Bodl. Cat., 996-1016 ; Bieu 
(B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 652 sq. ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1398-1416 ; Pertsch 
(Gotha Cat.), p. 107, and Berlin Cat., pp. 888-893; Sprenger (Oude 
Cat.), p. 421 ; Ouseley, Biogr. Notices, p. 143 ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), 
pp. 581-582; etc. 



298. 

Shah-u Gada. 

Fols. 47; 9J- in. by 61 in. ; written in clear Nasta'liq ; bound in 
plain leather ; not dated. 

A mystic poem by Baclr al-Din Astarabadi, poetically styled 
" Hilall," who was of Tartar origin and, being a Sunni, was killed, 
on religious grounds, by the order of one of the Uzbak chiefs, 'Ubaid- 






PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 267 

Khan, a.h. 936 or 939 (a.d. 1530 or 1532). The poet, "who was much 
favoured by the celebrated Wazir Mir 'Ali-Shlr, left behind him 
a Diwan and a second Masnawi called ^JLiUSl kj^La (the Sifat al- 
'Ashiqain). 
Begins : 

For the poetical works of the author see Bodl. Cat., 1019-1021 ; 
Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 656 ; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 426 ; Pertsch 
(Berlin Cat.), pp. 147 and 701 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1423-1424; Fliigel 
(Vienna Cat.), i, pp. 563, 578, and 579 ; etc. The poem has been 
translated into German verse by H. Ethe in " Morgenliindische 
Studien," Leipzig, a.d. 1870, pp. 197-282. 

The poem is followed by an incomplete essay in prose containing 
advice to men, by an unknown person, which begins : 

'J\ _ lSj\i)J6j} JfclsTj Jjr>- CL~3tf\j ^—^ijb *\Ai&.) &^£ JliX*! 

(David Anderson.) 



299. 

Padmawat 

Fols. 357; 9|-in. by 6^ in. ; 11 lines in two central columns, each 
If in. long; the intervening lines are each 3 in. long; written in 
beautiful Naskh with vowels ; coloured lines round the pages, copied 
in the year 42 (probably a.h. 1142, a.d. 1729) by Nur Muhammad. 

The stories in verse in the Bhaka. language of the loves of 
Padmawati, daughter of the Rajah of Lanka or Ceylon and Ratan- 
Sain, Rajah of Chittaur (Marwara), also an account of the capture of 
the strong fortress of Chittaur, about a.h. 703 (a.d. 1303), by Sultan 
'Ala al-DIn Khilji (a.h. 695-716, a.d. 1296-1316). The author is 
(Malik) Shaikh Muhammad Jaisi, who composed it, a.h. 927 
(a.d. 1520), see page numbered 12#, 1. 6, and dedicated it to Sultan 
Shir-Shah Sur. 



268 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

The headings to all the stanzas are in Persian and transcribed in 
red, and the work is divided (see index fols. 1-20 at the beginning) 
into eighteen Ichands or chapters with numerous subdivisions : 

Khand I. In 24 stanzas, on the praise, the virtues, and dignity of 

Shir-Shah, etc., fol. 13. 
Khand II. In 27 stanzas, on the beauties of Sanghaldip or Ceylon, 

fol. 13a. 
Khand III. In 15 sections, on the birth of Padniawati, and the 

circumstances of a Tutl (talking parrot) being with her, 

fol. 26«. 
Khand IV. In 33 stanzas, on the flight of the Tutl from the 

palace, fol. 333. 
Khand V. In 37 stanzas, on the description by Tutl of the beauties 

of Padniawati, fol. 50a. 
Khand VI. In 52 stanzas, on the march of Katan-Sain with an 

army of Jogis, fol. 683. 
Khand VII. In 54 stanzas, on the journey of Padmawat to 

Mandab, fol. 943. 
Khand VIII. In 44 stanzas, on the arrival of Patan-Sain at the 

fort of Chittaur through a hidden subterranean passage, 

fol. 1213. 
Khand IX. In 64 stanzas, on the marriage of Padmawat with the 

Eajah, fol. 1443. 
Khand X. In 20 stanzas, on the pinings of Nakamnati on the 

departure of Eatan, fol. 177a. 
Khand XL In 19 stanzas, on the departure of Bhinkam to 

Sanghaldip, fol. 187a. 
Khand XII. In 40 stanzas, on Eajah Eatan' s march to Sanghaldip, 

fol. 197a. 
Khand XIII. In 32 stanzas, on the Eajah's arrival in his own 

country, fol. 217a. 
Khand XIV. In 42 stanzas, on the Eajah's departure towards 

Dehli, fol. 2323. 
Khand XV. In 89 stanzas, on 'Ala, al-DIn's march towards 

Chittaur, fol. 2533. 
Khand XVI. In 45 sections, on the capture of the fortress and the 

Sultan's return to Dehli, fol. 298a. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 269 

Khand XVII. In 22 stanzas, on the preparations of Kaura Badal 
for departing for Dehll, fol. 3205. 

Khand XVIII. In 11 stanzas, on the story of Dew-Pal-Rai, told 
by Padmawati, the death by sail or burning of the Rajah 
and both Ranis Padmawati and Nakarnnati, and conclusion. 

The poem begins : 

».UMi-<.~j &'■*<£> <UiJ i*^ l-j^~ iJ r ^""" » i^JjJ}*"^ 
The first heading in Persian runs : 

Of the Persian poetical versions of the poem there is one by 
Husain Ghaznawl, and another by Bazml of Qarg (see Sprenger, 
Oude Cat., p. 376). A Persian prose version, under the title of 
Tuhfat al-Qulub (a.h. 1062, a.d. 1652), was written by Munshi 
Gobind-Rai. There is also a metrical translation in Urdu, which was 
begun by Mir Ziya al-Din 'All " 'Ibrat "' Dihlawi, but on account of 
his death was completed by Mir Ghulam 'All " 'Ishrat" of Barielly 
(see Sprenger, Oude Cat., p. 613). A lithographed edition of the poem 
is described in the Supplement. 

(David Anderson.) 

300. 

4/? J^ 

Dlwan-i 'Urfi. 

Fols. 234 ; 8fin. by 5 J in. ; 15 lines, in two central columns; 
written in fair Nasta'liq ; bound in stamped leather ; not dated ; bears 
a seal of the owner, 'Ibad-allah, a.h. 1188 (a.d. 1774). 

The lyrical poems of 'Urfl Shirazi (d. a.h. 999, a.d. 1586), see 
above, No. 107. 
The contents are : 
I. Qasa'id, fols. 1-88. 
The first qasidah begins : 



270 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

II. Muqatta'at, fols. 893-975, beginning : 

III. Ghazaliyyat, arranged alphabetically, fols. 975-223, beginning: 
tfjc.«j! ifij£- $*\ ^.r^r* 23 y) AJ'jy *--»» A,ip*.j i__£Lj A3 ^1 

IV. Ruba'iyyat, fols. 224-end, beginning: 

0--w .*Mj.4.Jii Aj ,JO -V. 1 ',.' .i AS bC ,Jb C^mJ.^mJ .«*:'. «*j AS Ll^.-s^'* {j^\Zi J ij 

(David Anderson.) 
301. 

Dlwan-i 'Urfi. 

Fols. 106 ; 7* in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, eacb 
l^in. long ; written in clear Nasta'liq ; copied by Muhammad al-Dln 
'All b. Haji Khizr al-Grharshi, dated a.h. 1024 (a.d. 1615). 

The poems of the same 'Urfi. 

Contents : 

I. The qasa'id and muqatta'at, fol. lb, beginning : 

II. The ghazaliyyat, in alphabetical order, fol. 47«, beginning : 
I* ,li-j<J &Z>£ &i)zj y JS^AjU UjISjI fc^AjJj *bj* Ai^sf* 
III. The ruba'iyyat, fol. 1015, beginning : 

*w\_jT \j« C-XLfcb AyfiJ ^Jj *J>^1 Uj AS' *J ^^ S-^V. 

(James Anderson.) 
302. 

Dlwan-i 'Urfi. 

Fols. 176; 7f in. by 4f in. ; 11 lines in two central columns, 
surrounded by gold lines; written in good JNasta'liq ; bound in plain 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 271 

leather ; the first and the last few folios are much injured ; illuminated 
frontispiece ; not dated, it is an old copy. 

This is another copy of the lyrical poems of 'TJrfl ; it consists of 
gh a&aliyyat (fols. 1-173) and riibaHyydt arranged alphabetically. 
Begins : 

(David Anderson.) 



303. 

\y.»- » j.U 

Nan-u Halwa. 

Fols. 16 ; 7 in. by 4J.in. ; 13 lines, in two central columns; written 
in Nasta'llq-shikastah-amiz, with headings in red ink ; bound in half- 
calf ; not dated ; apparently copied in the eleventh century of the 
Hi j rah. 

A masnawi called "Bread and Sweetmeat," by the great Sbi'ah 
theologian, Shaikh Baha al-Din b. Shaikh Husain, poetically styled 
" Baha'I." He was a native of Jabal Aniil in Syria, and the 
author of several works, including the well-known Kashkul (described 
above, see No. 54) and a Dlwan ; he died at Ispahan, and was buried 
at Mashhad, a.h. 1030 or 1031 (a.d. 1621 or 1622). 'Iniad al-Daulah 
Abu Talib, the Prime Minister of Shah- Abbas the Great, composed 
the following chronogram of his death : ^j\j ^j jj\ *l.gj ^-i>. 

Cf. Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 368; Pertsch, pp. 30 and 116; etc. 

(David Anderson.) 



304. 

Biwan-i Sa'ib. 

Pols. 347 ; 6Jin. ; 19 lines in two central columns, each half If in. 
long ; written in good Nasta'liq ; the two end lines of each ghazal are 



272 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

written in red, one over the other, in the centre of the page ; slightly 
stained by damp on margins ; copied at Banabaipur by Hidayat-allah 
in the 41st year of 'Alamgir's reign, a.h. 1108 (a.d. 1696). 

This good copy of the Diwan of Sa'ib has unfortunately fol. 1 
missing. It consists of ghazals, with which are mixed a few unfinished 
ghazals and rubd'is, all arranged alphabetically. 

" Sa'ib " is the poetical name of Mirza Muhammad 'All of Tabriz, 
who founded a new style for writing poetry, and is regarded as one of 
the greatest of modern Persian poets. He was well received by the 
Governor, Zafar-Khan, at Kabul, where he had gone at an early age, 
and stayed a long time. He then went to India, to the court of 
Shahjahan, and had the title " Musta'idd-Khan " conferred upon him. 
He afterwards joined his old patron Zafar-Khan again, who was now 
appointed to the government of Kashmir, about a.h. 1041 (a.d. 1631). 
After some stay he returned to the city of his birth, Ispahan, and here 
he was created Poet Laureate by Shah- 'Abbas II. His death took 
place at an advanced age, a.h. 1088 (a.d. 1677). Haji Khalfah, iii, 
p. 290, puts his death a year earlier. Altogether he wrote over one 
hundred and twenty thousand verses, chiefly gh azah. Of the poets 
who appeared afterwards, the majority of them belonged to the schools 
of 'TJrfi and Sa'ib, but of those who either flourished under the later 
Moghuls or received favours from the short-lived dynasty of the 
Nawwab-Wazirs and Kings of Oudh, it may be especially mentioned 
that in developing the style they corrupted the taste in some cases 
to an unpardonable degree. 

The present copy begins : 

Cf. Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 693 sq. ; Bodl. Cat., 1131-1137; 
Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1606-1623; Ouseley, Biogr. Notices, p. 227; Dora 
(St. Petersburg Cat.), p. 398 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 38 ; Fliigel 
(Vienna Cat.), i, p. 597 ; Sprenger (Oucle Cat.), p. 385 ; Browne 
(Camb. Cat.), p. 380 sq. ; etc. 

The Diwan has been lithographed at Lucknow ; a small selection 

of the same ib. a.h. 1264 (a.d. 1847), a.h. 1288 (a.d. 1871), and 

a.h. 1292 (a.d. 1875). 

{James Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 273 

305. 

Kulliyyat-i Bihishtl. 

Fols. 206 ; 8k in. by 4f in. ; 17 lines in two central columns, each 
l|in. long; written in good Nasta'liq, in small handwriting, with 
headings in red ; coloured lines round the columns ; bound in paper 
covers ; copied at Ahmadabad by Muhammad Qasim b. Muhammad 
Sharif al-Hashimi ; dated a.h. 1096 (a.d. 1684). 

The collected poems of "Bihishtl," whose surname does not appear, 
He was a panegyrist of Prince Murad-Bakhsh (d. a.h. 1072, a.d. 1662), 
the youngest son of the Emperor Shahjahan, as a good few of the 
qasldahs are devoted to that Prince. Most probably the poet is the 
same who composed an account in verse of the dissensions caused by 
the aspirations to the throne of Shahjahan' s sons, from the rebellion 
of Murad in Gujarat to the death of the heir- apparent, Darashikuh, 
a.h. 1067-1069 (a.d. 1656-1658). See this poem under [the name 
of ij\^i.S^i> c->»-2)l (the As_hub-i Hindustan) described] in Rieu 
(B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 689 b. The author, however, should not be 
confounded with Shaikh Ramazan b. 'Abd al-Mu'min, who also 
poetically styled himself " Bihishtl," but died much earlier, a.h. 979 
(a.d. 1571). 

From the present copy the first one or two folios are missing. It 
contains a few additions written on the margins, which, if taken for 
late compositions of the author, would make it that the poet lived 
longer than the date of the MS. The style of the composition is very 
elegant. 

Contents : 

I. The Praise, followed on fol. 6a by numerous qasldahs extolling 

the virtues (c_^jjL^) of the Imam 'All b. Abl Talib and 
the successive Imams, beginning : 

S. j 

jr^j ^yj &y*< ^iji^ &}jl jry^^ t-^V, ^s"*^ c^jj ^ity *]/• 

II. The qasldahs in praise of Prince Murad-Bakhsh, fol. 525, 

beginning : 



274 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

III. The qasidahs in praise of Nawwab Zafar-Khan (who was 

a nobleman and author of Shahjahan's time and died at 
Lahore, a.h. 1073, a.d. 1662), fol. 79a, beginning : 

IV. The tarMb-bands in praise of the poet's teacher (whose name 

is not given, but it appears that he was also a poet and lived 
at Herat), fol. 84a, beginning : 

V. The tar jl l -bands, fol. 87a, beginning : 

VI. The ghazals, arranged in alphabetical order, fol. 923, beginning : 

VII. The muqatta'dt, in praise of FirdausI, in scorn of Khaqani, 
and in complaint of the thieves of poetical style, followed by 
muta'ibat, fol. 185a, beginning: 

VIII. The td Tilths or chronograms, fol. 1883; the dates of these 
range from a.h. 1051 to 1066 (a.d. 1641-1655). The first 
ta'rikh is that of Hurad's wedding, beginning : 

and concluding : 

(=a.h. 1052, a.d. 1642). 

IX. The rubd'iyyat, fol. 193a, beginning: 
\ss>r XjlSjI tji/Lij&'j] &$ Jol-i> 1<J^=sT ,Jt*j ^A,Jjc>- j^*sru ^ 

(David Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 275 

306. 

Majma' al-Shu'ara'. 

Fols. 361 ; 9 in. by 5^- in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each 
l^in. long, with about 27 lines on the margins, each 1^-in. long; 
gold-lined round the central columns and margins ; written in ordinary 
Nasta'llq, in small handwriting; of the six parts, four possess 
illuminated frontispieces ; copyist, Muhammad Qull (commonly called 
"Kaw") b. Mnhammad Tahya b. Muhammad Yusuf of Kashmir; 
dated, a.h. 1146 (a.d. 1732). 

A selection from the poets, made at the desire of Mirza Aqa Kiza 
Beg, probably by the copyist of this MS. It consists of five parts, 
which contain selections from the poems respectively of : 

I. ITafiz of Shlraz (see above, No. 106), beginning: 

\^j5** j\a»1 ,Jj Jj 1 ! 4y*J ^LT jJls. &Z 
and Sa'ib (see above, No. 304), Ms. 1-173, beginning: 

1^31»jl> 8j\j~£> L*-y c^-w«uJJu' jx£S'j 

The poems of Hafiz are written in the central columns, and those 
of Sa'ib on the margins. 

II. Sa'ib (continued) and WahshI, Ms. 173-203. 

" "WahshI" Yazdi, selections from whose gh azals are quoted in this 
part in the central columns, was the author of two well-known poems : 
the Nazir-u Manzur ( , ..la, ^.^ j ..bU) and the Farhad-u Shlrin 

(^Ij+JS) ) tila^i). He left after his death, which occurred at Yezd, 
a.h. 992 (a.d. 1584), fairly large Kulliyyat. 
Begins : 

Cf. for WahshI, Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 663; Sprenger (Oude 
Cat.), p. 586; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 576; etc. 



276 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

III. Sa'ib (continued) and Baba FighanI, Ms. 203-261. 

The latter was a poet of Shiraz, who nourished during Sultan 
Ya'qub's reign at Tabriz. He died, leaving a Diwan, at Mashhad, in 
Khurasan, a.h. 922 or 925 (a.d. 1516 or 1519). His ghazals begin : 

For Fighani, cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 651 ; Sprenger (Oude 
Cat.), pp. 21 and 403 ; etc. 

IV. Sa'ib (continued) and Asafi, Ms. 261-317. 

Asafi, the son of Khwajah Muqirn al-Din M'mat-allah of Kashan, 
was a Persian poet of some celebrity. He flourished during the reign 
of Sultan Husain-Mirza, the King of Khurasan, and died at Herat, 
a.h. 920 or 923 (a.d. 1514 or 1517). The selections from his writings 
consist of a few qit'ahs, ghazals in alphabetical order, and rubd'ls, and 
begin : 

• u£j £j*ji ^jj 3 & i^i-vunJ ifciU* *.>- j^-^-p ivj'*' < ^ <fcv«<ji»j ij2: -si) 

For Asafi, cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p/651 sq. ; Bodl. Cat., 
990-991; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), pp. 20, 71, and 310; Flugel 
(Vienna Cat), i, p. 577; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1393-1397; Pertsch 
(Gotha Cat.), p. 74, and Berlin Cat., pp. 893-894 ; Aunier (Munich 
Cat.), p. 34 ; Dorn (St. Petersb. Cat.), p. 385 ; etc. 

V. This part contains (fols. 3175-323) 144 ruhdHyyut (quatrains) 
of the celebrated mystic poet, Hakim Abu al-Fath 'Umar b. Ibrahim, 
poetically styled " Khayyam." He was born at Nlshapiir, the 
capital of Khurasan, about the middle of the eleventh century a.d., 
and was brought up under the care of the great Sunni scholar Imam 
Muwaffiq. 'Umar had for his fellow-students and playmates Hasan 
(b. Muhammad) Sabah Humairl (who is notorious in the "West as the 
founder of the Assassins, and whose disciples, called the Eastern 
Isma'ilians, are sometimes designated as the Mulahidah or Atheists of 
Quhistan) and Nizam al-Mulk (who afterwards distinguished himself 
as "Wazir of Alp-Arslan and of Jalal al-Din Malik-Shah, the two great 
Saljuqian sovereigns). 'Umar wrote several mathematical treatises in 
Arabic, and one on Algebra has been edited and translated by "Woepke 
(Paris, a.d. 1851). With Malik-Shah (a.h. 1072-1092, a.d. 1661- 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 277 

1681) and his renowned "Wazlr were associated numerous astronomers, 
historians, and poets, and it was in this monarch's reign that 
astronomical observations were conducted at Merv by a body of 
savants with 'Umar Khayyam and 'Abd al-Kahman al-Hazini at 
their head. Their labours resulted in the reform of the Calendar 
which preceded the Gregorian by six hundred years, and is said by 
Sedellot to be even more exact. The era thus introduced was named 
the " Jalalian," and commenced in a.h. 467 (15th March, a.d. 1079). 
'Umar died at his native place, a.h. 517 (a.d. 1123), and as he 
predicted in one of his rubd'zs, the north wind still scatters roses on 
his tomb. 

The selection begins : 

tirjjj ^\±* ^ j>j>- L_Ji; ^ y>. Z)J 3 jy ^[f )f- pfi 

For MSS. cf. Bodl. Cat., 524-525 (the second copy is dated a.h. 865, 
a.d. 1460) ; Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 456 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 906- 
907; the Asiatic Society, Calcutta, 1548; Pertsch (GothaCat.), p. 25, 
and Berlin Cat., p. 86 ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 496 ; etc. See 
also Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 464 ; E. H. Whinfield, Introduction and 
Appendix to his Quatrains of Omar Khayyam, see edition, London, 
a.d. 1901 ; Garcin de Tassy, in Journal Asiatique, ser. v, ix, p. 548; 
etc. Editions and translations lithographed at Teheran, a.h. 1278 
(a.d. 1861, 1862); Tabriz, a.h. 1285 (a.d. 1868); Lucknow, 
a.h. 1285, 1296, 1300, 1301, and 1312 (a.d. 1868, 1878, 1883, and 
1894) ; Bombay, a.h. 1296 (a.d. 1878) ; St. Petersburg, a.d. 1888 
(see Ethe, "Neu-Perische Litteratur," sect. 32); etc. Printed at 
Calcutta, a.h. 1252 (a.d. 1836) ; Teheran text, reprinted at Paris 
with French translation, a.d. 1867; E. H. Whinfield, with metrical 
translation into English, London, a.d. 1883 and 1901 ; E. Fitzgerald, 
English translation without text, London, a.d. 1859, 1868, 1872, 
1879, 1890, and repeatedly afterwards ; E. Heron- Allen, London, 
a.d. 1898; translation into German verse by A. F. Schack, Stuttgart, 
a.d. 1878 ; and by Bordenstedt, Berlin, a.d. 1881 ; etc. 

VI. This part of the MS., which contains selections from Mukhlis 
of Dehli, Ms. 325^-340, is preceded by a few miscellaneous 
verses from different poets. 



278 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Bal Anand-Eam, poetically styled ''Mukhlis,'' was a pupil of 
Mirza Bidil (see his 'Irfan, etc., below, Nos. 313-318), and was a son 
of Eajah Mardhl-Bam, a Khatrl of Lahore. He wrote about 50,000 
verses. To distinguish him from Mukhlis Kashl he is often called 
Mukhlis Hindi. He died in the fourth year of the Emperor Ahniad- 
Shah's reign, a.h. 1164 (a.d. 1751). The selections from his writings 
begin : 

For Mukhlis and his works see Elliot, Hist, of India, viii, p. 76 ; 
Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), iii, p. 997 ; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), pp. 159 and 
262 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1707 ; Beale, Orient. Biogr.Dict., p. 195 ; etc. 

YII. Kallm, fols. 341-354. 

Mirza Abu Talib "Kallm" Hamadani was a celebrated poet, who 
came to India in the Emperor Jahangir's time and rose to great 
eminence under Shahjahan, when he was twice weighed in gold and 
silver, which amount he received as a reward for his poetical genius. 
He died either at Lahore, a.h. 1061 (a.d. 1651), or, according to the 
authority of the Padishah-namah and the Mir'at al-Khayal, a.h. 1062 
(a.d. 1652). The selections from his ghazals begin: 

For Kallm and his Diwan see Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, 686 sq. ; 
Bodl. Cat., 1116-1121; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1563-1570; Sprenger 
(Oude Cat.), p. 453; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), pp. 920 and 921. His 
Diwan has been lithographed at Lucknow, a.d. 1878. 

VIII. GhanI Kashmiri, fols. 354-361. 

Mirza Muhammad Tahir, poetically styled " GhanI," was a native 
of Kashmir and a disciple of Shaikh Muhsin Fan! of Kashmir. He 
flourished during the Emperor Aurangzib's reign, but refused to 
appear in his presence under a plea of madness. When he was still 
young, he died three days after having received the commands of the 
Emperor to appear in the Eoyal Court, a.h. 1079 (a.d. 1668). He 
often used " Tahir " for his poetical name. The selections from his 
Diwan begin : 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 279 

Cf. Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, pp. 692, 821, and i, 370 ; Beale, Orient. 
Biogr. Diet., p. 94 ; etc. 

(James Anderson.') 

307. 

Diwan-i Danish. 

Fols. 120; 8f in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each 
ljin. long; Nasta'liq-shikastah-amiz ; probably transcribed in the 
eleventh century of the Hijrab. 

The lyrical poems of " Danish," the poetical name of Mir or Mirza. 
BazI of Mashhad b. Abu Turab, who twice came to India (first in 
Shahjahan's time), and was much patronised by Prince Darashikuh 
and later at Golkundah by the Qutb- Shahs. Die died at his native 
place, according to Siraj in his Dlwan-i Muntakhib (see Sprenger, 
Oude Cat., p. 150), a.h. 1076 (a.d. 1665). 

This MS. consists chiefly of ghazals arranged alphabetically, a few 
rubd'is, and a qasidah. 

Begins : 

\ fL /sJ^\ £,J *Sl3 ^J J>jjJ\ klW 

Cf. Sprenger, loc. cit., pp. 91-92, 111, 150, etc. 

(David Anderson.) 

308. 

' Ismat-namah. 

Fols. 39 ; 6 J in. by 4£in. ; 13 lines in double columns, each 1 in. 
long ; written in small Nasta'llq, with headings in red ; dated 
a.h. 1066 (a.d. 1655); copyist, Murtaza Qull Qazwlni. 



280 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

The story, in the form of a masnawi, of the adventures of Dalilah 
(here written &1&S) Muhtalah, adapted from the Arabian Nights. 
It was rendered into verse by Shaikh Hamid. For prose version of 
the same see below under the heading " ^Vis-* cdJj d^i." 

Begins : 

<—^lj^ -j*£ **dl> y ^j*J\ v-^-i S^J ^1^3 *x& ^j\ 

309. 

Dlwan-i Musawi. 

Fols. 41 ; 8 in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each 
liin. long; written in clear Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting 
as the Dlwan-i Nasir 'All (see below) ; scribe, Muhammad Yusuf ; 
dated a.h. 1185 (a.d. 1771). 

The lyrical poems ( gh azals only), which are arranged in alphabetical 
order, of Sayyid Hu'izz al-DIn Muhammad " MusawT-Khan," whom 
Aurangzib had appointed Dlwan of the province of Bihar ; he was 
a Persian by birth, and first assumed " Fitrat" as his poetical name, 
under which he wrote a biography of poets called " Gulshan-i Fitrat," 
but subsequently chose "Musawi." He died leaving a Dlwan, a.h. 1106 
(a.d. 1694). 

Begins : 

See Sprenger (Oude Cat.), pp. 109 and 408; Bodl. Cat., 1993; 

Beale, Orient. Biogr. Diet., p. 93 ; etc. 

{David Anderson.) 

310. 

Dlwan-i Shaukat. 

Fols. 29; 8 in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each 
Hin. long; written in clear Nasta'llq, in the same handwriting as 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 281 

the Diwan-i Nasir 'All (see below) by Muhammad Yusuf ; dated 
a.h. 1185 (a.d. 1771). 

This is part of the Dlwan, containing gh azals only, of Muhammad 
Ishaq or Ibrahim of Bukhara, poetically named " Shaukat," who 
died at Ispahan, a.h. 1107 (a.d. 1695). 

Begins : 

i,*3u: «_-.!> iJul J>*iJ uS-Jj\ y:^. 

See Bodl. Cat., 1145-1146 ; Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 698 ; Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 1628-1633; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 568; Pertsch 
(Berlin Cat.), p. 934; Krafft (Dresden Cat.), p. 69 ; etc. 

[David Anderson.) 



311. 

Ash'ar-i Mukhtalif. 

Fols. 22 ; 8 in. by 5 in. ; about 13 lines, in two central columns ; 
written in Nasta'llq-shikastah-amiz ; paper covers. 

This MS. contains selections from the poets. The contents are : 

I. ^L^—^L^j (a moral anecdote) of Mirza Muhammad Nasir 

Hakim-Bashi Karim-Khan, beginning : 

>Sjt** <J^ l5 A ^ «-* J J J &£ ^"-v ^ i^W ^ LS^ 

II. clAJLcAJj- This part contains eighty-five quatrains of U'mar 

Khayyam (see above, No. 306, V). The first rubd'l, on 
fol. 9a, runs : 
rX^*j i iU-^Jj ^.jM .j^* ^*^J*\£ji t^y^ji U5t"~ <-£^ L2-*»*»J Sx: jijs 

III. Here are written a mujchammas and a ghazal, followed by 

another muTdiammas. The name of Shams Tabriz! appears 



282 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

in the former, but the latter is anonymous. The first 
muMammas, on fol. 175, begins : 

And the fifth line runs : 
The ghazal begins : 
The second muldiammas begins : 
The fifth line runs : 

IV. Here are written three ghamls and a rubd'l of Sail, on fol. 20#, 
beginning : 

V. A muhhammas in nineteen #«wJs of Khalis, beginning : 
The fifth line, which is common to all the bands, runs : 

Sayyid Imtiyaz - Khan " Khalis " originally belonged either to 
Ispahan or Mashhad. He was appointed Subahdar of Gujarat by 
'Alamgir. He was killed by Khuda-Yar-Khan, a.h. 1122 (a.d. 1710). 
He was the author of a Dlwan. See Beale, Orient. Biogr. Diet., p. 179. 

312. 

Dlwan-i Nasir 'All, etc. 

Fols. 90 ; 8 in. by 5 in. ; clear Nasta'llq ; 15 lines in double columns, 
each liin. long; bound in stamped leather; copyist, Muhammad 
Yiisuf; bears a seal of the owner, 'Ibad-allah; elated a.h. 1185 
(a.d. 1771). 

The lyrical poems of Shaikh Nasir 'All Sirhindi, who died at Dehli, 
a.h. 1108 or 1109 (a.d. 1697 or 1698). The following chronogram 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 283 

of his death is quoted from the Kalimat al-Shu'ara, of Sarkhush hy 
Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 113 : CL-vJ. ^*« (*^-*J ^J^ ^" This 
MS., which is divided into two parts, contains : 

i. The masnawl (a religious poem), fols. 1-28, which begins : 

ii. The ghazals arranged in alphabetical order, fols. 29-62, which 
begin : 

l$! j cpjL=u jA ^lgj jj\^ *jU- l^Is-* 

See Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 699; Bodl. Cat, 1150-1152; 

Sprenger (loc. cit.), pp. 113, 126, 151, 201, and 329; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 

1639-1648; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 936; Rosen (Persian MSS.), 

p. 167; etc. Nasir 'All's Diwan, containing ghazals and ruhd'ls, has 

been published with glosses by " Maqtul " and others at Lucknow 

about a.h. 1262 (a.d. 1845). 

(David Anderson.) 

313. 

'Irfan. 

Fols. 328 ; 9 in. by 5Jin. ; 17 lines in two central columns, each 
1-liin. long ; written in fair Kasta'liq, on thin paper ; according to 
a note on the flyleaf it changed hands, a.h. 1170 (a.d. 1756). 

A Sufic masnawl, meaning ''gnosis,' consisting of eleven thousand 
lines, and composed, according to the last distich : 

which is its chronogram, a.h. 1124 (a.d. 1712), by Mirza 'Abd 
al-Qadir AstarabadI, poetically styled " Bidil," who was the most 
prolific and one of the greatest Persian poets of Hindustan after Amir 
Khusrau (see above, No. 290). His ancestors belonged to the Turkish 
tribe of Chaghata'i. He was born at Akbarabad (Agra), a.h. 1054 
(a.d. 1644), and was attached in the early part of his career to the 
Durbar of Prince Muhammad A'zam-Shah, but being of independent 
habits he soon got tired of court life, and leaving the service settled 



284 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

down at Shahjahanabad (Dehli), where he died at the age of 79 on 
the 4th Safar, a.h. 1133 (5th December, a.d. 1720). He is said to 
have composed over 100,000 verses of gli amh, 4,000 rubd'is, 
numerous masnaivis, etc. Besides the present one, four other of his 
masnawis are described below. Tor his poems see Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), 
ii, pp. 706-707 ; Bodl. Cat., 1169-1170 ; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), 
pp. 119, 213, 378, and (for the masnawl called u^~sL£.2>- C^vlidS, 
the Grulgasht-i Haqlqat), 380 ; Pertsch (Gotha Cat.), p. 80, and 
Berlin Cat., pp. 938-941 ; Ethe (1.0. Cat.), 1676-1681 ; Bosen 
(Persian MSS.), p. 167 ; etc. Mirza Bldil compiled also a few 
prose-works, viz., -*ai£- .lf>- (see Sprenger, p. 119) ; J^-J *uL3i or 
J-V-.J cp\jHj (letters, see Bieu, ii, p. 811a, and iii, pp. 10065 and 
IO680; Pertsch, Berlin Cat, p. 147, No. 2; and Browne, Camb. 
Cat., p 284) ; ^Lj (a Persian anthology, see Bieu, ii, p. 737b sq.); 
c^Xj (" subtle thoughts," bearing upon religious and moral subjects, 
ib., p. 7455). The poet's Kulliyyat containing his prose-works has 
been lithographed, a.h. 1287 (a.d. 1870), at Lucknow. 

The sections into which the present masnawl is divided are con- 
nected by means of distichs which are inserted in red. (Cf. Bieu, 
ii, p. 707«, etc.) 

The masnaivi begins : 
_v>-' dJ.Ji.Ji c^-ji (_$-£*■£■ <k*J& 

ft o^Cj f^T t_>' 

(David Anderson.) 



?j JlxL-jOj a£ ^^ j^sij 




314. 

Muhlt-i A'zam. 

Pols. 115 ; 9 in. by 5f in. ; 11 lines in two central columns, each 
Hin. long; mostly written in clear Nasta'llq ; coloured lines round 
the pages ; frontispiece illuminated with gold ; bound in paper 
covers, which retain traces of gilt ; copied in the first year of Ahmad- 
Shab's reign, a.h. 1161 (a.d. 1748). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 285 

A mystical masnaivl by the same Mirza Bidil. It was composed, 
a.h. 1078 (a.d. 1667), according to the following chronograms of the 
author: — 

Joel kujs.'V ^^* ^j-> {-^) M <-«L^.jJ <£ ^s^" 5 jjjl 

The poem has a preface in prose, and the poet describes the work as 
iJm}^ *"»^ if^ *"' j <-& J.??^ <k^\V*> a tavern for the revelation 
of truths and not of the kind of saql-namah of Zuhuri (see fol. 2h, 1. 5). 

The preface begins : 

The masnawi consists of a number of daurs or stanzas, which in the 
beginning parts are titled and interwoven with short stories, beginning 
on fol. 4a : 

*(j i_a-£ *l£J ^J^y ^-^ |»^3 ifld Jj^J d£ *<AjT ^j^- 

Two copies of the same masnawi are described in Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 
1682 and 1683. 

(David Anderson.) 

315. 

Muhlt-i A'zam. 

Fols. 209 ; 8 J in. by 5i in. ; 15 lines in double columns, each 1£ in. 
long; written in good Nasta'llq, in the same handwriting as the 
Tilism-i Hairat below ; frontispiece illuminated with gold. 

This is another copy, but larger than the preceding one, and 
contains the same preface, etc. 

(David Anderson.) 

316. 

'Ishq-namah. 
Fols. 49 ; 9 in. by 5f in. ; 11 lines in two central columns, 
each 1£ in. long ; mostly written in clear Nasta'liq, in the same 



286 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

handwriting as the Muhit-i A'zara (No. 314) ; frontispiece illuminated 
with gold; copied in the first year of Ahmad-Shah's reign, a.h. 1161 
(a.d. 1748). 

Another spiritual masnawi by Mirza Bidil. It is, like the preceding 
one, interwoven with short tales, some of these written in red and in 
a different metre, beginning : 

(David Anderson.) 
317. 

Tilism-i Hairat. 

Fols. 119 ; 8iin. by 5 J in. ; 15 lines, in double columns; written 
in good ISTasta'liq, with headings in red ink ; not dated ; illuminated 
frontispiece ; coloured lines surrounding the columns ; bears a seal of 
the owner, 'Ibad-allah, of a.h. 1188 (a.d. 1774). 

An allegorical masnawi, consisting of 3,484 lines, composed (vide 
Sprenger, Oude Cat., p. 379), a.h. 1125 (a.d. 1713), by the same 
Mirza Bidil. 

Begins : 

U^-w:^ &j\j>. tl-^ S^jZ \jt*SJ <£~*~i}\ d.1 L$il£ J J <fc£jl aI^J 

(David Anderson.) 
318. 

Tur-i Ma'rifat. 

Fols. 43; 8iin. by 5 J in. ; 15 lines in two central columns, each 
li in. long; written in Nasta'liq-shikastah-amiz, in the same hand- 
writing as the Tilisni-i Hairat above. 

Another mystical masnawi by Mirza Bidil. 
Begins : 

(David Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 287 

319. 

Qissa-i Shah-xi Gul. 

Fols. 51 ; 7 i in. by 4Ain. ; 11 lines in double columns ; written in 
fair Nasta'liq ; injured ; incomplete. 

The love-story of Akbar-Shah, a descendant of Tlmur, with Grul-i 
Surkh. The author's name does not appear, but it was compiled, 
according to a chronogram at the end, a.h. 1118 (a.d. 1706). The 
first two folios are missing at the beginning. It concludes : 

{Robert Brown.) 
320. 

Hikayat. 

Fols. 40; 6 J in. by 4 in. ; 14 lines in double columns, each iin. 
long ; written in good Naskh ; much injured. 

An anonymous collection of stories in verse ; beginning and end are 
both missing. The first is about an ass, who lost his ears by going in 
search of his tail. 

Begins : 

321. 

Dlwan-i Mazhar. 

Fols. 39; 10 in. by 6|-in. ; 17 lines, in two central columns; 
written in clear Kasta'liq, during the lifetime of the author ; bound 
in stamped leather. 

The selected poems of Mirza Jan- Janan of Agra, son of Mirza-Jan, 
who lived at Dehli, and was murdered in the month of Muharram, 



288 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

a.h. 1195 (January, 1781), for having publicly expressed his contempt 
for certain religious performances then being practised. In all he 
wrote about 20,000 verses. The present MS. begins with a short 
preface in prose written by some person who knew the poet, at a time 
when he was 40 years of age (a.h. 1150, a.d. 1737) ; the poet here is 
depicted as a Faqir, who had to fulfil duties at the Madrasah (College) 
and Khanqah (Convent). 

The Diwan consists principally of ghazaliyyat (fols. 1-32), which 
are arranged alphabetically, then come the rubaHyyat, ta'filchat, 
abyut-i farcl, and muMiammasdt. 

Begins : 

Cf. Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 256; Beale, Orient. Biogr. Diet., 
p. 133 ; etc. 

(David Anderson.) 



322. 

V— s.t— )&£>- 

Jazbrasa. 

Fols. 49; 7-|in. by 4iin. ; 15 lines, in two central columns; 
written in good Nasta'liq ; bound in plain leather ; copyist, Mir 
Muhammad Aslam Zanjani al-Musawi ; dated a.h. 1186 (a.d. 1772). 

A metrical Persian translation or adaptation of the love story of 
Prince Saif al-Muluk and Princess Bad!' al-Jamal from the Arabian 
Mghts, by Diwan-Singh, poetically named "Khaliq," of Lahore. 

Begins : 

For the prose version of the story see Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, 
p. 764; Bodl. Cat., 461; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 788-792; Pertsch 
(Berlin Cat.), p. 996 ; etc. 

(David Anderson.') 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 289 

323. 

Dastur-i Himmat. 

Fols. 134 ; 7 J in. by 5 in. ; 16 lines in two central columns, each 
Hin. long; written in fair Nasta'llq ; copied by Muhan-La'l, 
a.h. 1176 (a.d. 1762). 

A masnaiol on the loves of Kanirup and Kanilata, or, as the latter 
is called for the convenience of the metre, Latakam. The tale was 
originally written in prose by Mir-'Isa, better known by his title 
" Himmat-Khan," who, like bis father, Ziya al-DIn Badakhshi, styled 
" Islam-Khan," was a favourite of the Emperor 'Alamgir. The story 
was rendered in verse at the author's request by his friend and 
admirer, Mir Muhammad Murad. Himmat-Khan, however, died 
(a.h. 1092, a.d. 1681) before it was completed. 

Begins : 

Cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 697 ; etc. 

[David Anderson.) 

324. 

Sururafza. 

Fols. 15 ; 7^- in. by 4£in. ; written in clear Nasta'liq ; headings in 
red ink ; bound in plain leather ; contains a portrait of the author 
engraved for the European Magazine ; copied for the owner by George 
Swinton, a.h. 1216 (a.d. 1801). 

A poem in praise of London, composed during his travels in Europe, 
byMirzaAbu Talib Khan Hindi Ispahan! (d. a.h. 1220 or 1221, 
a.d. 1805-1806), the author of the Maslr-i Talibi, etc. (see above, 
No. 90). 

Begins : 



^Hjoc! ^y&i < -r J ' c>' (*■& 


iflk" ^j. tr^J 3 u^ <J*j 




(James Anderson.) 




19 



290 



MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 



XI. TRANSLATIONS FROM SANSKRIT. 



325. 

Tarjuma-i Mahabharata. 

Fols. 377 ; 13 in. by 6f in. ; 19 lines, eacb 5 in. long ; -written in 
Nastaliq-shikastah-amiz ; copied at Akbarabad (Agra) by Hul-Chand 
(first tbree parts) and Narsing-Das, in tbe 35th and 36th years of 
'Alamglr's reign, a.h. 1103-1104 (a.d. 1691-1692); nine uniform 
parts in one volume. 

The Persian version of the Mahabharata (the great war), being the 
second epic poem of India in Sanskrit. It was at the desire of the 
Emperor Akbar the Great and under tbe supervision of his famous 
Wazir, Shaikh Abu al-Fazl b. Mubarak "'Allami" (see above, 
No. 78, etc.), who wrote the introduction to it, that the translation 
was made by the joint labours of the four great scholars — 

(1) 'Abd al-Q,adir Bada'unI (see Supplement). 

(2) Ibn Sayyid 'Abd al-Latif al-Husainl, better known by his title 

" Naqib-KMn." 

(3) Muhammad-Sultan Thanisari, and 

(4) Mulla Shirt. 

It is not possible to trace in this MS. which of the parts were made 
by the above writers, but the whole version was rendered later into 
elegant prose by the celebrated scholar and poet Shaikh Faizi (see 
above, No. 30). 

The present MS. is unfortunately incomplete ; the contents are : 

Parwa IV. Fols. 1-23, called. . . t-^J *j})/+i 



V. 


)> 


1-41, 


VI. 


!) 


1-37, 


VII. 

nn. 


)) 


1-35, 
1-31, 


IX. 


>) 


1-20, 


X. 


) ) 


1-4, 









PEESIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 291 

Parwa XI. Fols. 4-10, called. . . t_^J ^:xJ\ 
XII. „ 1-66, ,, . . . <_^j C^3L 

(a) * y AJ t^rry* Fols. i" 88 - 

(b) pSbA \jA Fols. 1-26. 

(This section, -which, should have followed the preceding one, has 
been bonnd wrongly, so that it now forms the fourth part of the book.) 

Cf. for other MSS. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 57 ; Bodl. Cat., 1306 ; 
Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1928-1948 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), p. 97 ; Pertsch 
(Berlin Cat.), 1025-1026; etc. 

A later metrical version of the Mahabharat is due to Haji' Babi' 
Anjab, about a.h. 1157 (a.d. 1744), see Eieu, ii, p. 711. The English 
translations are by Mr. Wilkins, of the East India Company, a.d. 1785 
(the introduction to this was written by the Governor-General "Warren 
Hastings) ; by the late Pratapa-Chandra-Kay, Calcutta, a.d. 1893- 
1896, now published in 100 parts by his wife ; and by M. E". Dutt 
(parts i-viii), a.d. 1896. The French translation of the first eight 
Parwas, in ten volumes, is by H. Fauche, Paris, a.d. 1863-1870. 

(David Anderson.) 



326. 

BMpal Shastra. 

Fols. 597; 11 in. by 7 in. ; 16 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
fair Nasta'llq ; slightly injured ; much stained by damp on the 
margins; an old copy, probably copied in the tenth century of the 
Hijrah. 

This is a collection of Hindu codes intended for the use of kings, 
translated from the Sanskrit by a Muslim, whose name unfortunately 
does not appear. The author of the original says of himself that 
he was a native of Nish-pap (c— >l_j (j£J), and his father Kishtan- 
Diw, who had learned almost every science, was foremost amongst 
the Brahmins of his time in knowledge, but his son (i.e. the author 



292 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

himself) Paras-Bam b. Kishtan-Dlw (jj t j2jjW ^j J . (jwj ) had, in 
the words of the translator, excelled his father, as he had specialized 
himself in astronomy and was well acquainted with li-^ (arithmetic) 
and was a pnpil of Grita-Kishan. At the request of his own pupils 
that he should write a work full of interest and instruction for the 
kings, the present work was written and was styled " Bhupal-u Labh 
Shastra." 

The work is a kind of encyclopaedia of general information. The 
MS. is evidently holograph copy, as it contains numerous corrections 
and additions. There are also a good few gaps intended for diagrams 
and illustrations, but throughout only one illustration has been painted 
in gilt and colour, on fob 2443, representing a tortoise on the back of 
which the position of the hemisphere is marked with subdivisions 
of land. All Sanskrit words are overlined with red ink. 

The introduction begins : 

^ - r* ^ J^- 

The first page is unfortunately injured close to binding, thus a few 

words have become obliterated. 

(David Anderson.) 



327. 

Bashishth Jog. 

Fols. 100 ; 11 in. by 7£ in. ; 15 lines, each 5i in. long ; written in 
jSasta'lIq-shikastah ; copied at Calcutta, by Shaikh Ahmad-Ba khsh of 
'Azhnabad (Patna), a.h. 1198 (a.d. 1783). 

An exposition of Hindu mysticism of which this is an abridged 
form. As is stated in the preface, this work was translated from the 
Sanskrit original at the desire of the great Akbar, a.h. 1006 
(a.d. 1597), by the celebrated Shaikh Abu al-Fazl " 'AllamI " (see 
above, No. 78, etc.), whose name is mentioned by the copyist in the 
colophon. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 293 

The work is in the form of a dialogue between Rishi "Wasishtha and 
Ramachandra, and begins : 

^1 j) j-^Aj t_jl_k.a*«^i c__>Ui ,j— ^ 4> *&1j^- ^*AjL»j ^»i .x&jl. 

Cf. Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 61 ; Bodl. Cat., 1328 ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 

1972-1974 ; etc. The same work was translated into Persian under 

the instructions of Prince Darashikuh, a.h. 1066 (a.d. 1655-1656), 

and copies of it are found in Biblioth. Sprenger, 1661 ; King's College 

Camb. Cat., 28 ; and Dr. Forbes' Cat., p. 61. 

(David Anderson.) 

328. 

Tarjuma-i Puranaratha Parakasa Shastra. 

Fols. 25; 11 in. by 7iin. ; 15 lines, each 5 in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah ; paper covers; dated Pasli, 1191 (a.h. 1189, 
a.d. 1775). 

An abridgement of the Puranaratha Prakasa Shastra, an exposition 
of the Hindu chronology and cosmogony, and of their Shastras, 
translated from the original in Sanskrit of Pandit Birdhal Radhakanta 
Tarka (see fol. 2b, 1, 10), by Zurawar-Singh at the desire of the 
Governor- General of India, "Warren Hastings. It consists of a preface, 
six bubs (chapters), and an epilogue : — 

Bab I 4jU j jU*j .J 

» n cJi)j -^j J 

,, III ^«sU) jjfe ^.UisK.jJ 



294 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Bab IV . . . . . L_-v&J^ .A L^su&s--'ji} 

„ V Xj^ Lij ti-wi^-j .J 

,, YI . . &»j'lr>. ^ u_slw9 j^l^sj-i. (j>jlto- . J 
Begins : 

For other copies see Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 63 ; Browne (Camb. 
Cat.), p. 94'; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2003-2004 ; an English translation 
of the Persian version is preserved in the British Museum in 
Add. 5657, fols. 163-194. 

(David Anderson.) 

329. 

Singhasana Battisi. 

Eols. 30 ; 10^-in. by 7-J-in. ; 15 lines, each 4f in. long; -written in 
Wasta'liq-shikastah-anilz ; paper covers ; copied at Calcutta, Fasli, 
1192 (a.h. 1190, a.d. 1776), by Shaikh Ahmad-Bakhsh SiddiqI. 

An abridged version of the well-known original Sanskrit work, 
meaning the thirty-two tales of the throne, or the stories of King 
Yikramaditya and Rajah Bhuj. The present translation, which 
contains no information as to the translator's name, does not agree 
with the versions described in Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 763ff, and 
iii, p. 1006; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 1988 ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), pp. 1034- 
1036 ; Bodl. Cat., 1324 ; and Browne (Camb. Cat.), p. 398. 

Begins : 
<jy^ *jS ^ \\ <*-i\jssr &-£jb l^-wuoj! c^^^^Jl c. -»**£* *L^,j 

Jjs xa j\$>. iJr*t ^ te-\j j$l J\j£ . . . jUj uJjjjyft 

The two oldest Persian versions of the tales were made at the desire 
of Akbar by 'Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni, a.h. 982 (a.d. 1574-1575), and 
another by Chatarbhuj-Das b. Mihr-Chand, a Eayath (see Bodl. Cat., 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 295 

1324). The former, named \lj\ii-£- (the Khiradafza), was revised 
(according to the Huntakhab al-Tawarikh, i, p. 67, and Elliot, Hist, 
of India, v, p. 513), a.h. 1003 (a.d. 1594-1595), and the latter 
version was entitled ^*ui ^^l^x;.^ ^ &s»\j *L& (the Shahnamah-u 
Singhasan EattisI). Another translation was made in Jahangir's reign, 
a.h. 1019 (a.d. 1610-1611), hy Bharamal, son of Rajmal, a Khatri 
(see Ethe, 1988). In Shahjahan's time, a.h. 1061-1062 (a.d. 1651- 
1652), Ibn Harkarn (see Ethe, 1990), or, as he is named in Kien, 
ii, p. 763a, Bisb-Rai, son of Hargarab-Das, a Kayath of Qannauj, 
made a third version from the translations of Chatarbhuj and 
Bharamal. Under Aurangzlb the last-named version was revised 
and entitled {j*>h .jAi (the Kishan-Bilas), see Rieu, ii, p. 7635, and 
Ethe, 1989, by Kishn-Das Basdiw, son of Muluk-Chand Lahuri, 
a seller of betel-leaf and tobacco ( J«-»iJ') and an attendant upon 
Nawwab Jar-allah Amir al-Umara'. In Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), 
p. 29, is mentioned another version by Chand, son of Madhu-Ram. 
An anonymous one entitled ^vAil Ji (Gullafshan) is noticed in the 
Khulasat al-Tawaiikh (see Rieu, i, p. 230a). The latest Persian 
version was made for Sir. Edward Clive Bayley, a.d. 1845 (see Rieu, 
iii, p. 1005), by the combined labours of Sayyid Imdad 'All and 
Shiw-Suhai Kayath. 

A translation into Braj-Bhaka was made, at the desire of Shahjahan, 
by Sundar-Das. This was rendered into Urdu, a.h. 1216 (a.d. 1801), 
by Sri LallujI-LaL Kawl or Lallu-Singh, and printed four years later. 
Rajah Durga-Parshad compiled also a prose version, which was edited 
and published at Agra, a.h. 1279 (a.d. 1862). There was published 
at Cawnpore, a.h. 1286 (a.d. 1869), a metrical version, which was 
composed by the poet styled " Chaman." Cf. Garcin de Tassy, 
Histoire de la Litterature Hindouie, etc., ii, p. 233, and iii, pp. 90 
and 278. 

Baron Lescallier's translation from Persian into French, which is 
described in Pertsch (Berlin Cat. P., loc. cit.), was published at New 
York, a.d. 1871. It is stated in Ethe, 1988, to agree in the main 
with Bharamal' s version. 

For the Sanskrit original see Aufrecht, Cat. of Sanskrit MSS. in 
the Bodleian Library, p. 152 ; the MSS. in the Trinity College, p. ii ; 
R. Roth in the Journal Asiatique for a.d. 1815, ii, pp. 278-305 ; etc. 



296 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

XII. ENCYCLOPEDIA. 
330. 

Nafa'is al-Funun fl 'Ara'is al-'Uyun. 

Fols. 594; lOfin. by 6| in. ; 25 lines, each. 3iin. long; written in 
good Naskh, with headings in red ; illuminated frontispiece ; coloured 
lines surrounding the pages ; slightly injured by insects ; copyist, 
'Abd-allah Sadr al-Dln ; dated a. h. 1011 (a.d. 1602). 

A large encyclopaedia of one hundred and sixty different sciences 
known to the Muslims. It was compiled by Muhammad b. Mahmud 
air A mull, a Shi'ah scholar and teacher in the Sultaniyyah College, 
who flourished during the reign of Sultan Ulja'itu (a.h. 703-716, 
a.d. 1303-1316) and was the author of several works, e.g., com- 
mentaries upon the Mukhtasar fl al-Usul of Ibn Hajib (d. a.h. 646, 
a.d. 1248, see above, ISTos. 32 and 33), the Kulliyyat of the Qanun of 
Abu Sina. (Avicenna, d. a.h. 428, a.d. 1037, see above, No. 146 xx), 
compiled, a.h. 753 (a.d. 1352), and the Kulliyyat of the Qanun of 
Sharaf al-Din Ilaqi, etc. He died, according to Hajl Khalfah (iv, 
p. 500, and vi, p. 364), after a.h. 753 (a.d. 1352). 

The present work was compiled in a.h. 735 (a.d. 1335), but was 
continued to a.h. 742 (a.d. 1342). 

Contents. 
The preface, on fol. lb, beginning : 

contains a eulogy upon the reigning sovereign, ^jJ^j V^'i J^T 
X\J* t^y^^r* ij^*^ ^} *^\ -^ t V.»^^> Amir Jamal al-Din Abu 
Ishaq b. Amir Mahmud- Shah, the ruler of Pars and 'Iraq, who had 
seized Shlraz and Ispahan, a.h. 742 (a.d. 1341), but was taken hold 
of by Amir Muhammad Muzaffar and executed, a.h. 757 (a.d. 1356). 
The work is dedicated to a "Wazir who is mentioned by his honorific 
titles only, and the space for his name is left blank. The preface 
further contains introductory remarks upon the subject in three 
fa'idahs or sections : 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 297 

(l) fi* u^U% lJj& ^Uj j j 

(2) -»Ac *-*»&" p 

(3) ^rM^jj* 

The work itself consists of two tf/sws or books : 
Qism I, on eighty-five modern or Muslim sciences in thirty-six fanns 

or chapters arranged in four maqalahs or classes : 
Haqalah i. .-J^ fjX-* j^ (On Literary Sciences), arranged in 

fifteen fanns : 
'I) LrU Ac (Writing), fol. 95. 

c^xl *Lc (Language), fol. 14«. 

i~Ju j^j Ac (Inflexion), fol. 175. 

jjllaJ Ac (Etymology), fol. 23«. 

jsT Ac (Syntax), fol. 27a. 

^yW* Ac (Rhetoric), fol. 323. 

^Lj »Lc (Eloquence), fol. 385. 

■%-i^i (Xz (Ornaments of Speech), fol. 435. 

ijo, .c A^. (Prosody), fol. 535. 

_il.i ,Ac (Ehymes), fol. 61a. 

jj-=j .&' Ac (Poetical Composition), fol. 655. 

JllJ *Lc (Proverbs), fol. 705. 

v^^.J Ac (Knowledge of different forms of Verse, and 
their arrangement in book form), foL 845. 

*L2*j\ Ac (Elegance of Style, especially in Letter-writing), 
fol. 935. 

\Ju^>\ Ac (Book-keeping), fol. 1035. 

lah ii. CU-l£c-& jt} (On Legal Sciences), stated to be in 
twelve, but actually only in ten fanns : 
(1) j*K Ac (Theology), fol. 1135. 



298 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 



(2 
(3 
(4 
(5 
(6 
(7 
(8 
(9 
(10 

Maqa 

(1 
(2 
(3 
(4 
(5 
Maqa 



j+**Ju Ac (Exegesis of the Quran), fol. 1245. 

ci-oJu>- As (Knowledge of the Traditions), fol. 1365. 

tl's ^yo\ As. (Fundamental Principles of Law), fol. 145a. 

tei As (Law), fol. 1545. 

c^*|/ As (Various Headings of the Quran), fol. 169a. 

<-^\jj C 5'*^ , A= (The Traditionists), fol. 178a. 

t_J$U- Ac (Dialectic), fol. 180a. 

b, .£> As (Legal Contracts), fol. 185a. 

C^'ijiJ As. (Prayers and Times of Prayer), fol. 195a. 

ah iii. wij^aJ' As jj (On Siiflism), in five fanns : 
L^Ljb. b «_JjLs pis (Life of Sanctity), fol. 2035. 



U^&*£5>- 



is (Truth), fol. 218a. 



J^L* Ac (The Twelve Degrees of Knowledge), fol. 2295. 
Lc (Mystic Meaning of Letters), fol. 236a. 



-jut r 

Ujii As (Moral Perfection), fol. 242. 

ah iv. ^j.^sr* As .J (On Conversational Sciences), ins 
seven fanns : 
(1) * j3 \s?* A~z (The Art of Conversation), fol. 249a. 

(2 and 3) r-~sj f=v;V A-^ j*- 5 (History and Biography), fol. 263a 
(this chapter in five 5a5s or sections is an abridgement 
of universal history). 

(4) Jlc Jjbi cuillL* (Keligious Sects and their Differences),. 

fol. 3015. 

(5) c_>luJl ^Lc (Genealogy of the Paces of Mankind), fol. 3095. 

(6) luIxjU^ i—ti^Sl As. (The Wars and Expeditions under- 

taken by Muhammad), fol. 3155. 

(7) L5 sfU-^ Jtf (The Arabic Riddles), fol. 3285. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 299 

Qism II, on seventy-five ancient sciences, arranged in five maqalahs, 
and subdivided into thirty-three fanns : 

Maqalah i. ^X*^- o»^s- .J (On Practical Philosophy), in three 
fanns (the maqalah here is wrongly headed u-^o Jk-g-f *J»c 
jjLOH): 

(1) jLUl Ly-oiifj Jlc (Ethics), fol. 3375. 

(2) ^-.-'Aj Jc (Domestic Economy), fol. 3505. 

(3) (jtX^ <^>wl-..j J.c (Management of Public Affairs), fol. 3575. 

Maqalah ii. (C^laj <L»£^- J »«*>1 • J (On Speculative Philosophy), 
in four fanns : 

(1) <j&~* Jc (Logic), fol. 369a. 

(2) J^ IhAi (First Philosophy), fol. 379a. 

(3) { jf]\ Ac (Metaphysics), fol. 389as. 

(4) ^yt-Js A £ (Natural Philosophy), fol. 399#. 
Maqalah iii. i^V.j cl}-^ j^ (Mathematics), in four fanns : 

(1) CL>LJU Jlc (Geometry), fol. 4085. 

(2) u^yja«s! *.Lc (according to the index, but here is written 

lj«j.k.J) (Astronomy), fol. 4175. 

(3) ^iiJ^Uy J.c (Arithmetic), fol. 4235. 

(4) ^~~>)* J.c (Music), fol. 43 3a. 

Maqalah iv. ^^1: cj J .J (On the Subdivisions of Physics), in 
nine fanns : 
(1) ^L> Jlc (Medicine), fol. 4465. 
(2 and 3) La^-j ^ L/***> J.c (Alchemy and Magic), fol. 4645. 

(4) y-.-xJ' Ac (Interpretation of Dreams), fol. 465$. 

(5) i*z~J\jh *lc (Physiognomy), fol. 482«. 

(6) +yx* f&s»\ Jlc (Astrology), fol. 4855. 



300 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

(7) ^Ij-sm *Lc (Qualities and Properties of Natural Objects), 

fol. 4935. 

(8) tUx.^.LJ! i j..sM *A-s (Veterinary Science, Falconry, 

Washing, Agriculture, etc.), fol. 5095. 

(9) *_&} *_!_. cj * j> *_!_.= (The Ascetic Practices of the Eastern 

Faqirs), fol. 514«. 

Maqalah v. (c^V.j z ij s j^ (® n ^ ne Branches of Mathematics), in 
thirteen fanns : 

(1) £Lfe J-c (Spherology), fol. 5155. 

(2) a^L* As. (Optics), fol. 5255. 

(3) cijlla-jji^i J..C (this fann, on the nineteen treatises of an 

intermediary course between the study of Euclid and 
Almagest, is wrongly styled *saj ^i), fol. 531«. 

(4) <__>L«.»- ^Lc (Practical Arithmetic), fol. 5325. 

(5) dLljl*. .-.r=- Ac (Algebra), fol. 539«. 

(6) 'i?-\*u^* Ac (Trigonometry), fol. 541a. 

(7) ^- r £\j&\ jyo Ac (Constellations of the Planets), fol. 544«. 

(8) t-y^^kJj *i)%> } ^fCJ J^*-c^ A-^ (J^ (The Making and 

Use of Almanacks and Astrolabes), fol. 5485. 

(9) i»_£3l.***} ( £)Lu^ As- (Geography), fol. 554«. 

(10) ts->\olc (JJ) Ac- (Numerical Diagrams), fol. 5625. 

(11) J-»~ As (Mechanics), fol. 5775. 

(12) J*j As (Divination), fol. 5785. 

(13) t^fiL Jlc (Games), fol. 586«. 

Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 435 sq. ; Pliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, 

pp. 38-42; Bodl. Cat., 1483-1490; Ethe (l.O. Cat), 2221-2224; 

etc. See also Haj. Khal., loc. cit. 

(David Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 301 

XIII. ELEGANT COMPOSITION. 
331. 

Marqumat-i 'Abd-allah b. Muhammad al-Marwarid. 

Fols. 86 ; 8 in. by 4f- in. ; 15 lines in each page, each 2f in. long ; 
written in clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ink ; copyist, Majd 
al-Dln; dated a. h. 1023 (a.d. 1614). 

A number of letters, etc., written and collected at the request of 
friends, by Khwajah Shihab al-Dm, or, as he calls himself, 'Abd-allah 
b. Muhammad al-Marwarid, a native of Kirman, who was raised to 
the rank of Amir by Husain-Mirza, Sultan of Khurasan. He was an 
excellent poet, and in this capacity he used the takhallus "Bayani." 
He died, a.h. 922 (a.d. 1516), leaving a Dlwan, containing a masnaivl 
called " Khusrau-u Shirin," and a collection of rubu'iyyut under the 
title of " Munis al-Ahbab." He is mentioned in several Oriental 
works, e.g., Habib al-Siyar, Tuhfa-i Sand, Haft-Iqllni, Waqi'at-i 
Babari, Biyaz al-Shu'ara' ; etc. 

The introduction begins : 

Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), iii, p. 1084«. 

{David Anderson.) 



332. 

Mukatabat-i 'Allami. 

Eols. 282 ; 1 1 in. by 6f in. ; 17 lines, each 4 in. long ; written in 
N/asta'liq-shikastah-amlz ; bound in thick paper with leather edges ; 
injuries have been repaired. 

A collection of letters, etc., written by the celebrated SJiaikh Abu 
al-Fazl "'Allami" (see above, No. 78). These were collected soon 



302 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

after the author's death, a.h. 1011 (a.d. 1602), by his sister's son, 
'Abd al-Samad b. Afzal Muhammad, and completed, according to the 
title, which is its chronogram, a.h. 1015 (a.d. 1606-1607). The 
collection is also known under the title of J.^i!l J\ ^\Hj\ (the 
Insha-i Abu al-Eazl, see Supplement). The diction of these letters 
is such that they are regarded as models of elegance in Persian 
correspondence. The collection is divided into three daftars or books : 

Daftar I. Letters including farmutis, written in the name of the 
Emperor Akbar, to kings and nobles, fol. lb, beginning: 

i?) _ ^;jl-i»J C'->" Cl^JWi 

Daftar II. Letters (98) written by the author, fol. 623, to the 
Emperor (2) ; Prince Daniyal (3) ; Prince Shahrukh-Mirza 
b. Sulaiman-Mirza, Governor of Badakhshan (1) ; his father, 
Shaikh Mubarak (4) ; Sipahsalar 'Abd al-Eahim Khan 
b. Bairam-Khan, the Khan-Khanan (34) ; A'zam-Khan 
Gukaltash (3); Zain-Khan Gukaltash (6) ; his elder brother, 
Shaikh Eaizi (4); Shaikh Abu al-Khair (3); 'Lmdat 
al-Mulk Qasim Beg Tabriz! "Mir-Bahr" (3); Sadiq-Khan 
(2) ; Diwan Ja'far Beg, entitled " Asaf-Khan " (1) ; Barid- 
Shah of BIdar (1) ; Qutb al-Mulk, of Golkundah (1) ; Raj! 
'All Khan b. Mubarak-Shah (1) ; Earuqi of Khandesh (2) ; 
Muhammad Qulich-Khan ( 1 ) ; Mirza Yusuf-Khan (1) ; Mirza 
'All Beg Akbarshahl (1) ; Shihab al-DIn Ahmad Khan (1) ; 
Khwajah Shams al-Din Khwafi, here written -«l_rk 
KhafI (1); Bajah Man-Singh (2); Shams al-DIn 'All, 
entitled " Hakim 'Am al-Mulk" (1) ; Hakim Humam (3) ; 
Qazi Husn Qazwini (1) ; Husn-Khan, brother of the last- 
named (2) ; Shaikh Husain Musali (1) ; Mir Sharif Amali (7) ; 
Mir Sharif Sarmadi (1); Shir-Khwajah (1) ; Khizr-Khan 
b. Kaji 'All Khan Earuqi Khandesh! (2) ; and Qawam al-Din 
Shaqdar (1). 

Beginning : 

J\ _ e^ L^JjJ ,_sUj\ JU- J^U (jrJ^ 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 303 

Daftar III. Choice extracts and select pieces of mixed contents. 
This, the largest daftar, is not marked here, fol. 170«, 
beginning : 

— .x.£> _ — iU! * ij~s i •• ii-J i :' c*^*^ .-.w*A.j <Uh-:i- 

Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 396 ; Morley (R.A.S. Cat.), p. 109 ; 
Bodl. Cat., 137-183; Aumer (Munich Cat.), pp. 18 and 124; Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 271-286; Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), p. 26; Browne 
(Camb. Cat.), p. 276 ; etc. The text has been printed at Calcutta, 
a.h. 1225 (a.d. 1810), and at Lucknow, a.h. 1262 and 1280 
(a.d. 1845 and 1863). 

(James Anderson.) 



333. 

Insha-i Harkarn. 

Fols. 46; 8 in. by 4f in. ; 13 lines, each 3-§-in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah ; bound in gilt-lined leather ; copied by Shiw- 
Bakhsh; dated FaslI 1178 (a.h. 1185, a.d. 1775). 

Models of various kinds of correspondence, by Harkarn, the son of 
Mathura-Das Kanbu Multani, for some time Munshi to I'tibar-Khan 
whom Jahangir had appointed Subahdur or Governor of Akbarabad 
(Agra), a.h. 1031-1032 (a.d. 1621-1622). 

The work is divided into seven bubs (chapters) : 
Bab I. Fol. \b ^^~> ^L- & jM* 



HI. „ 12« cjWIj^j rj*J* 

IV - „ 165 . fjaAjC { jxt i y jj 

V. ,, 27b &^iy«i j&a!Lj J£ j } j lj\xA ^ cd\jji4L* .j 



n - ,. 6a .r^r- ; j1«X*I ,4> 



304 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 



Bab VI. 


Fol. 


345 


„ VII. 


>> 


445 


Begins : 







^r* jJiJ-5 ^j^ 



■aXU^J ,.,1~j a-' ,w 



J I _ *.GT JUi^ JSLsSl J JU^ 6jA ^j^j« ^Uj j^ jU«j 

Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 530 ; Bodl. Cat., 1384 ; Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 2069-2076; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), pp. 124 and 129; 
Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 124; Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), p. 124; 
Browne (Camb. Cat.), p. 280; Leyden Cat., i, p. 175; etc. It has 
been edited with an English translation by E. Balfour, " The forms of 
Herkern," Calcutta, a.d. 1781 and 1831 ; and lithographed at Lahore, 
a.h. 1286 (a.d. 1869), and again a.h. 1288 (a.d. 1871). 

{David Anderson.) 
334. 

Munsha'at-i Brahman. 

Fols. 53; 8 in. by4fin. ; 13 lines, each of in. long; written in 
ordinary !Nasta'l!q ; copied in the FaslI year 1179 (a.h. 1185, 
a.d. 1775) by Sahib-Singh of Fathpur (Oudh). 

A collection of letters written to the Emperor Shahjahan and other 
distinguished persons of his reign by Chandarhhan, poetically named 
"Brahman," the son of Dharam-Das of Lahore and the pupil of Mulla 
'Abel al-Karim. He was for some time record-writer at the royal 
court, and author of the Chahar-Chaman, an elaborate history of the 
Court of Shahjahan, a Diwan, etc., see fol. 2a. He died at Benares, 
a.h. 1068 or 1073 (a.d. 1657 or 1662). 

Begins : 

For other copies see Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 327; Bodl. Cat., 
1385; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 1017; Ethe (I.O. Cat,), 2094; etc. 

(David Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 305 

335. 

Nuskha-i Faiz-Bakhsh. 

Fols. 39 ; 9 in. by 61 in. ; 13 lines, each 4 in. long ; coloured lines 
round the pages ; written in Nasta'liq-shikastah ; copied by Shiw- 
Bakhsh in the Fasli year 1175 (a.h. 1173, a.d. 1759) at Mahmudabad. 

A collection of letters composed by Shir 'Ali, or, as he is more 
commonly called, " Shlr-Hamlah," wbo lived at Lahore in the 51st 
year of 'Alamgir's reign, a.h. 1118 (a.d. 1707), and was a disciple of 
Haji Muhammad Yusuf Naqshbandl, see fol. 2a. 

The letters are written as an introduction to letter- writing. 

Begins : 

A copy of this work is described by Ethe in the I.O. Catalogue, 
2111, where it is called (^sr ^a^i *l„uj! (the Insha-i Faiz-Bakhsh). 

(David Anderson.) 



336. 

Daqa'iq al-Insha'. 

Fols. 161 ; 9 in. by 6iin. ; 10 lines, each 3iin. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; not dated. 

This work, by Ranjhur-Das, dealing with the subtilties of style in 
the composition of both prose and poetry, has been described above, see 
No. 115. The daqlqahs begin respectively on fols. lb, 12a, 55b, 83a, 
98a, 143«, 150$, and 156«. The last chapter is very much abridged, 
but the fourth daqlqah is much larger than in the copy noticed above. 

(David Anderson.) 
20 



306 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

337. 

Munsha'at-i RanjMr-Das. 

Fols. 46 ; 7i in. by 4£ in. ; 11 lines, 2f in. long ; written in Nasta'liq- 
shikastah-amlz ; much injured and incomplete. 

An incomplete collection of letters written by the same Eanjhiir- 
Das. The author states in the preface that he made the above 
selection for his younger son, Badha-Kishn. The letters are followed 
by a work apparently on grammar, but with no definite beginning 
or end. 

(Robert Brown.) 



338. 

Raushan-Kalam. 

Fols. 52 ; 9 in. by 6 1 in. ; 11 lines, each 3i in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah-amlz ; coloured lines round the pages ; not dated. 

A collection of letters composed at the request of his patron, 
Ea'dandaz-Khan, by Bhupat-Bai, whose name is mentioned in Eieu 
(B.M.P. Cat.), iii, p. 10433, V, and Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2138. 

In the present copy eighty-seven letters are contained. The author 
in the preface promises to divide his work into four fash or chapters, 
but only the first one has been distinctly marked. The letters have 
headings and are arranged according to the rank of the persons 
addressed, from the King downwards. 

Begins: 

c—jUs^ l^^*u11»-j ^jAics- <l*U S\j~t ^\ 

(David Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 307 

XIV. TALES AND ROMANCES. 
339. 

Anwar-i Suhaill. 

Fols. 285 ; 10 in. by 5f in. ; 17 lines, each 3£in. long; written in 
fair Nasta'llq ; coloured lines surrounding the pages ; illuminated 
frontispiece ; slightly injured ; copied by Sultan Muhammad Gujaratl, 
probably in the tenth century of the Hijrah. 

The Persian version of the Kalllah and Dimnah by Maulana Husain 
b. AH al-Wa'iz, surnamed "Kashifi" (d. a.h. 910, a.d. 1505), who 
dedicated it to Amir Nizam al-Dln Shaikh Ahmad Suhaili (hence the 
name), the seal-bearer of Sultan Husain-Mirza, the celebrated King of 
Khurasan. From this translation the first two habs or chapters are 
omitted, but it is much more modernised than the old and difficult 
version of Nasr-allah b. Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Hamid of Shiraz, who 
was a Wazir to Khusrau-Malik, when the latter succeeded his father, 
Bahram-Shah (who died a.h. 555, a.d. 1160). It is to be noted that 
these fables were originally written in Pahlawl and rendered sub- 
sequently into Arabic by 'Abd-allah b. al-Muqaffa' (b. a.d. 725). For 
the later (Shaikh Abu al-Fazl's) version of the Anwar-i Suhaili, 
see below. 

Kashifi, the author of the present version, was a most prolific 
writer, and the following are some of his well-known works : The 
Tafsir-i Husaini, called also the Mawahib-i 'Aliyyah, the Jawahir 
al-Tafsir (the two commentaries upon the Quran), the Rauzat 
al-Shuhada (a history of Muhammad containing a most graphic record 
of the battle of Karbala), the Akhlaq-i Muhsini (a famous work on 
ethics, described above, see No. 97), the Lubb-i Lubab, the Lubb-i 
Ma'nawi (an abridgement of Maulana Rum's Masnawl), the Sahlfa-i 
Shahi, the Makhzan al-Insha', the Asrar-i Qasimi, the Matla' al- Anwar, 
the Lata'if al-Tawa'if, the Saba-i Kashifiyyah (on astronomy), etc. 

In the present copy the divisions of the work, fourteen in all, are 
enumerated on fol. 7a, but on examination it is found that the chapter 
headings in a few cases are wrongly numbered, and a small part of the 
contents at the end is also omitted. 



308 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

The preface begins : 
X*s- <-J_j\ia! t^ij^j *& <U^>- <zAs>- jM ^J.4 +~L*. ciya**- 

£\ -J ^ 

For the history of the work, see " Lecture " in Urdu, by " Shams 
al-'Ulama' " Sayyid 'All Bilgrami (see Supplement). Cf. also Haj. 
Khal., v, p. 239; Eieu (B.M.P. Cat), ii, p. 756«; Bodl. Cat., 431- 
437 ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat), p. 970 sq. ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 757-766 ; 
Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 46; Dorn (St. Petersb. Cat), p. 409; etc. 
It has been translated into English by E. B. Eastwick, Hertford, 
a.d. 1854; A. N. "Wollaston, London, a.d. 1878; and some verses 
have been published in A. Rogers' Persian Anthology (pp. 35-47), 
London, a.d. 1889. The parts published in Spiegel's Chrestomathia 
Persica (pp. 23-40) have been translated into German by Ethe, 
Morgenlandische Studien (pp. 147-166), Leipzig, a.d. 1868. The 
text has been printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1219 (a.d. 1804), followed by 
numerous editions there, and at other places in India ; in England, at 
Hertford, a.d. 1805. 

(David Anderson.) 

340. 

'Iyar-i Danish. 

Fols. 394 ; 8£ in. by 6 in. ; 15 lines, each 3f in. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'llq, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; copied 
by Shaikh Ghiyas al-Dln of Husainabad (near Hugll), for Casparus 
Elbrecht; dated a.h. 1184 (a.d. 1770). 

The "touchstone of knowledge," being the Persian translation of 
Kalilah and Dimnah made at the command of the great Akbar by his 
Wazir, the celebrated Abu al-Fazl ' ' 'Allami " b. Shaikh Mubarak Naguri 
(see above, No. 78). This work may be regarded as a later version 
of the Anwar-i Suhaill (see above, No. 339). It is written in a much 
more simple and attractive style, with the addition of the two intro- 
ductory chapters, which were omitted by Husain al-~Wa'iz, on the 
basis of the older translation of Nasr-allah, and was completed in the 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 309 

33rd year of the reign of Akbar, a.h. 996 (a.d. 1587). It is divided 
into sixteen bobs (chapters) : 
Bab. Fol. 

I. 115 _ J k\j ju«jL^ c__Aj (J^j^ '^i^^l ji / * s T jj-i J*"***J' 

II. 15a _ i»-^-.-l> (L\tj y JLr>-\jJ 

III. 535 ... . _ ^Ui-*- ^ u Ui- W «^U ^i/j^ 

IV. 141a . . —\p\^*^\^&j^£jj^\j^&) l j^\i\j*>j4 

V. 1805 _ ^b-jjjb ^JSjXj JJ^y jJ 

VI. 212a 1-^V.y j^ (jJ^jlJ- jj^j ^\uAJS>Jj\i»J6 ^dk-jkjJJl jJ 

VII. 252« ^xA^J* ji j J^h* ^^J l^-*-Oj^j ^j£ys\.i ^JLij jjs 

VIII. 2725 -U^^J J^j t_jl^l ^Vjj J 

IX. 280a _ ^-IJ ^&f- j^ li ;«xA*>^ L-^.jJU) lS juojJ\jjJjJ 

X. 293a ^LA-jI ^mjAjI^-Jj (J^ *«^ j^ ii>Pj<*J j-£- lb j- J J^ 

XI. 307a c^-«j^ lc 1 *** tiJ-.-'.r--' < -r J y^' *-* ^Ifcl-iX (jA-^lsT .J 

XII. 331a _ U,K jib\j ^J 

XIII. 3406 . . . _ ^jjU jljJ^-j^jlj ^JuJJ? c>jj-i^ cAjj J 

XIV. 3486 . . . _ b&,K^ (J £u l j&7j ^jX^'Aji Jlj\a Jjy.j* 
XV. 3706 Juj ^ljli»..*_> ^L^-s^ \\ ^LfcL&jU ^jJu^J J-Ji ^j . J 

XVI. 3826 sjJfZ> ^ cbsrT jlf jjj jL*Jij> tjJj^JlJ ijuliJ! .J 
Begins : 



310 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

See for other copies, Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 756b; Bodl. Cat., 

438-440 ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 97 sq. ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 767-777 ; 

Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 47 ; Eliigel (Vienna Cat.), iii, p. 286 ; 

Browne (Camb. Cat.), pp. 395-396 ; etc. See also De Sacy (Notices 

et Extraits), p. 197 sq., for extracts in text and translation. The 

Urdu translation is called the Khirad-Afruz (described in the 

Supplement). 

(David Anderson.) 

341. 

Gulistan. 

Fols. 169; 6 in. by 5fin. ; 9 lines, each 2fin. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; copied 
by the owner, Muti-La'l son of Muhan-La'l, a Kayath of Nhator in 
the Lanbhal (probably Sambhal) district ; bears seals of Kisri-Singh 
from a.h. 1200 (a.d. 1785). 

This is a complete copy of the Gulistan of Shaikh Sa'di Shlrazi, 
with numerous glosses on the margins, consisting of an introduction 
and eight chapters: (1) fol. 13a, (2) fol. 50a, (3) fol. 775, (4) fol. 1005, 
(5) 105a, (6) fol. 124a, (7) fol. 1295, and (8) fol. 1485. For particulars 
and references see above, No. 104, VIII. 

(David Laing.) 

342. 

Gulistan. 

Eols. 134 ; 9iin. by 5f in. ; 13 lines, each 3f in. long ; written in 
clear jSTasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; copied 
by Mutl-La'l son of Raja-Ram Kayath Anbasht, at Hazari-Bagh, 
a.h. 1206 (a.d. 1791). 

This is another complete copy of Shaikh Sa'di's Gulistan. It is 
divided as usual into an introduction and eight babs (chapters) : 
fols. 95, 375, 585, 77a, 80a, 96a, 100a, and 1155. 

(David Laing. ) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 311 

343. 

Gulistan. 
Fols. 119; 8 in. by 5 in. ; 14 lines, each 31 in. long; written in 
ordinary Nasta'llq, with headings in red; paper binding; copied by 
'Abd al-Ea'uf ; not dated. 

Another complete copy of the Gulistan, divided as usual into an 
introduction and eight bdbs on fols. 7b, 313, 55a, 74a, 77b, 92a, 96a, 
and 109a. 

344. 

Gulistan. 

Fols. 92 ; 111 in. by 7 in. ; 17 lines, each 4 J in. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'llq, with headings in red ink ; white foolscap paper ; bound 
in stamped leather ; not dated. 

Another complete copy of Shaikh Sa'di's Gulistan. Begins in the 

usual manner. 

(Robert Brown.) 

345. 

Gulistan. 

Fols. 80; 71 in. by 41 in. ; 17 lines, each 2f in.; written in 
Nasta'llq ; not dated ; the name of Andrew Armstrong is scribbled in 
pencil on the first page. 

The Gulistan of Sa'dl complete. The dlbdchah begins as usual. 

346. 

Gulistan. 

Fols. 77 ; 12| in. by 7f in. ; 14 lines, each 51 in. long; written in 
Nasta'llq-shikastah-amiz, on blue foolscap ; dated a.h. 1234 (a.d. 1818) ; 



312 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

copied by Muhyi al-Din Khan, of the 6th Kegiment, at the desire of 
Captain Scott, the Commandant. 

Another copy of the Gulistan of Sa'di. 
Begins in the usual manner. 

347. 

Gulistan. 

Fols. 117; 9iin. by 6 in. ; 13 lines, each 4fin. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in stamped deerskin ; 
coloured lines round the pages ; in the colophon it is stated that this 
copy was transcribed for Mirza Moghul Beg by Shaikh Ilahi-Ba khsh 
of 'Azlmabad (Patna), a.h. 1237 (a.d. 1821). 

From this copy of the Gulistan the first two leaves are missing. 

{David Laing.) 

348. 

Gulistan. 

Fols. 21 ; 9 in. by 6fin. ; 13 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq ; not dated. 

This MS. contains only the first chapter of the Gulistan of Sa'dl. 



349. 

Gulistan. 

Fols. 17 ; 8f in. by 6iin. ; 13-16 lines, each 4 in. long ; written in 
Nasta'llq ; not dated. 

This MS. contains only the first bah of the Gulistan of Sa'dl. 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 313 

350. 

Tutl-namah. 

Pols. 28 ; 9 in. by 7£ in. ; 15 lines, each 5 in. long ; written in clear 
N/asta'lIq ; slightly soiled. 

This is an incomplete collection of the Tales of a Parrot, containing 
twelve stories (on Ms. la, 3a, 4b, ha, lb, 10a, 12a, 13a, 155, 18a, 185, 
and 255). The tales were originally written, a.h. 730 (a.d. 1330), by 
Ziya al-Dln, whose takhallus (poetical name) was " N/akhshabI," and 
rendered subsequently into a more simple style by Muhammad Qadiri 
in the seventeenth century of the Christian era. Little is known 
regarding Nakhshabi. 

Begins : 

Cf. Bodl. Cat., 1975 and 2028 ; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat), ii, p. 754; 
Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 752-754; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 54; etc. The 
English translation by Mr. Gladwin is described in the Supplement. 
See also the Urdu version under the heading Jl^lk Jk" 



351. 



^ t 



&Xs» 



Ma'dan al-Jawahir. 

Fols. 212 ; 6f in. by 4 in. ; 17 lines, each 2f in. long ; written in 
Nasta'liq very like shikastah ; copied by Amrat-Rai, a Khatri of 
'Azmiabad (Patna), during the governorship of Nawwab S_huja' 
al-Daulah, a.h. 1188 (a.d. 1774). 

A collection of moral tales, which were originally compiled for the 
Emperor Jahangir by Mulla Daulat-Khan " Tarzi " (see his name in 
the colophon), according to the last line of the work (_ ^jT ^ ,\j 
il^jjb ^-X>lg_;>- l_A~.£), which is its chronogram, a.h. 1025 
(a.d. 1616). 



314 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

The present complete copy is, according to the index, on Ms. 85 
and 9a, divided into twenty-three bdis (chapters) : 

Bab. Fol. 

I. 9a . . . . 'J\ _ *> rjjte} t^-Jjlf^j *s>- jii jjLj jO 

II. 13a _ c^xss"} ^JniLc .t> 

III. 355 _ Ci^ts-^ 6js>- jih 

IV. 495 _ i^^cUjj J?y l-Ju**-^ 

Y. 525 . _ vJusj J^>- j£l L^L-^J jJ 

VI. 55J . . . __ ^l^A^-s S^Ij jJ ^!! ^AjlLsT (jW^j^ 

VII. 57b . . _ jjlAil ^^ tij-^ ^ i^^J ^Lx^J jO 



— jt 



VIII. 605 _ ^T tesyxj) l^JL£»-_j lij ^,0 

IX - 68 « - u 1 tr^J L5^^ C5-J ^>* o- ^ 

X. 875 _• \ps\ 3 uu<v»ff ^4i J J 

XI. 1155 _ JJ^ &&.«! *i t__jb<jl: Lg*^ ^-^'■^ u & &\ jjW j^ 

XII. 1185 ..... . - Ui-jU^ t^jljJ li^L^JjJ 

XIII. 122« _ l^-v4>*3 i^Liij ^JljJ -j ^^r^ j^ 

XIV. 1265 ... _ cJLailj uuJjU^jJ 

XV. 1315 Jt« ^jljliJj ^j i^i-o ^Li^t> 

XVI. 133* . . _ aLS\ j vjj^ jAj ,J *Lj 4AjJu\ a^sn.^5 ,0 

XVII. 1 345 _ dAj jj 1 t_»^ (jSlLj^iii. j ^ Jo ^ ^0^ /pj^^Uj jt> 

XVIII. 138a -^jLU-i ^L-i J^l ^LjjJ 

XIX. 143a _ c\<*wj <^«/-> ci^iuiia- ^lo j J 

XX. 1515 .... _ jj! £jj*J* j&sH ^l^iiHi ^Lj it> 

XXI. 1555 .... — t^l ^taj^ i_£iUa«ei Jii l^-^Jw* it> 

XXII. 1595 ... . —jfety *)&• \J^j U***^ J*j^J j^ 

xxiii. 200a . . - Ju2\ j.-.ij ej^Vj eA^ JV^ oW j 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 315 



The preface begins : 

For other MSS. see Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 793-796 ; Bodl. Cat., 

464-465 ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 893 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 60 ; 

Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), iii, p. 1038; etc. 

{James Anderson.) 

352. 

Ma'dan al-Jawahir. 

Pols. 184 ; 8£ in. by 5i in. ; 15 lines, each 4 in. long ; written in 
clear Shikastah - Nasta'llq ; dated a.k. 1206 (a.d. 1791); copyist, 
Muhammad Turab of Sarangpur. 

A collection of moral anecdotes, the same as above. 

353. 

Ruh al-Qisas. 

Fols. 391; 9^ in. by 5^m. ; 17 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'llq; drawings on the covers; dated Jeypur, a.h. 1170 
(a.d. 1756). 

The romance of Prince Aftab and Princess Mahtab by Allahdad- 
Ehan, poetically styled " Fayyaz," who, according to its chronogram 
in verse at the end : ' c_jb.JbL*j u-jL^JI <*$\&>)\j ," composed it, 
a.h. 1163 (a.d. 1749). Apparently this is the original MS. An index 
to all the proper names occurring in the text is given at the beginning. 
The composition is interspersed with numerous verses. The author 
states that he heard the tale from a Darwish, called Shah Nazar 
'Ali Shah. 

Begins : 

{David Anderson.), 



316 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

354. 

Qissa-i Hatim Ta'I. 

Fols. 172; 8f in. by 6 in. ; 15 lines, each 3£in. long; written in 
distinct Nasta'liq ; bound in stamped leather ; dated a.h. 1189 
(a.d. 1775) ; transcribed by Shaikh Mazhar-allah b. Shaikh Khair-allah. 

The ever popular romance of Hatim Ta'I, who flourished before the 
birth of Muhammad. His mausoleum may still be seen at a little 
village in Yemen, called Anward. Hatim, whose adventures are 
recorded in this MS., has always been celebrated in the East for his 
generosity, wisdom, and valour. 

Begins : 

This work has been translated into Urdu, and an English version of 
it was made from the Persian by Duncan Forbes, London, a.d. 1830. 

Cf. Bodl. Cat., 449 (2) ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 780-783 ; llieu (B.M.P. 
Cat.), ii, p. 764; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 991 ; Aumer (Munich Cat.), 
p. 55; Mehren (Copenhagen Cat.), p. 33; Browne (Camb. Cat.), 
p. 399 ; etc. 



355. 

Qissa-i Hazar Mas'alah. 

Fols. 74; 9 in. by 5+ in. ; 11 lines, each 2f in. long; written in 
good Nasta'liq, with headings in red ; bound in plain leather ; not 
dated. 

The story of the Prince of Rum and the Princess of China. 
The daughter of the Faghfur or Emperor of China, on being 
solicited in marriage, makes a request to her father that she may be 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 317 

allowed to propose learned questions to her suitors, and promises that 
whenever proper answers and solutions are given by any of them she 
will immediately agree to be married, but requires, on the other hand, 
that such of her suitors as are unable to give proper answers shall be 
put to death, and their property and effects confiscated for her use. 
The Emperor consents to this request, and accordingly these conditions 
are published throughout the empire. A number of princes appear in 
consequence, but all of them being unable to answer the questions of 
the Princess, their heads are cut off and their property confiscated. 
At length the son of the King of Rum, being expelled from his own 
dominions by a usurper, arrives after a variety of adventures at the 
capital of China, and hearing of the conditions resolves to undertake 
to answer them. Great preparations are accordingly made at the 
court for the important ceremony. The Princess of China appears on 
a throne, and in the presence of her father and all the nobles proposes 
a number of intricate and difficult questions to the Prince of Rum, 
who not only answers them all to the satisfaction of the Princess, but 
by the elegance of his manners and the beauty of his person captivates 
her affections. He afterwards in his turn proposes a question to the 
Princess which she is incapable of answering : this leads to a new 
incident which arises from a stratagem which she contrives in order to 
obtain from the Prince himself a solution of his question. The story 
ends with the marriage of the Princess to the Prince of Rum, who is 
thereby enabled to reinstate his father in his ancient dominions. 

This story is written in a plain easy style. The great object of it 
is evidently to introduce the questions which are proposed by the 
Princess. They are in general very pedantic, and have almost all of 
them some allusion to Muhammadan tenets and history. The author 
is Maulana 'Abd al-Ghafur. 

Begins : 

This is the real prototype of Gozzi's and Schiller's "Turandot"; 
cf. for other versions of the same story Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 797 (20) 
and 798. 

{David Anderson.) 



318 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

356. 

JU.jsn «-J^J _j l_J}Lwl 1_jLmJ 4*oJ 

Qissa-i Saif al-Muluk-u Bad!' al-Jamal. 

Pols. 60 ; 9 in. by 5£ in. ; 11 lines, each 2f in. long ; written in 
good Nasta'llq, in the same handwriting as the above ; slightly 
injured by insects ; bound in gilt-stamped leather ; not dated. 

The love-story of Prince Saif al-Muluk and Princess Bad? al-Jama.1, 
a tale adapted from tbe Arabian Nights. The scene of the novel is 
in Egypt and the time that of King Solomon. 

Begins : 

'A\ _ J»j -sa^» ■ J J&Llt>b ^Jx. k\S\ ^Ltf .«w*«-j ^l^-i-j 

Por different versions of the same story see Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), 
ii, p. 764«, I ; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 788-792 ; Bodl. Cat., 461 ; Pertsch 
(Berlin Cat.), 1044, p. 996 ; Pliigel (Vienna Cat.), ii, p. 27 ; etc. 

{David Anderson.) 
357. 

Qissa-i Balilah Muhtalah. 

Pols. 83 ; 9 in. by 5J in. ; 11 lines, each 2| in. long ; written in 
good Nasta'llq, in the same hand as the above ; bound in plain lined 
leather ; not dated. 

The adventures of Dalllah (here written <Ul>, Dallah) Muhtalah in 
the time of the Khalifah Harun al-Kashid at Baghdad. The stories 
are full of artfulness and craft as displayed by Dalilah, the heroine, 
and have been adapted from the Arabian Nights. Por the poetical 
version of the same story, see above, No. 308. 

Begins : 

(David Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 319 

XV. GRAMMAR. 
358. 

Risalah. dar ' Ilm-i 'Aruz. 

Fols. 56 ; 7£in. by 4 in. ; 15 lines, each 2^-in. long; written in 
neat Nasta'liq ; bears a seal of Tahir Muhammad Khan, of a.h. 1182 
(a.d. 1768). 

A well-known treatise on Persian prosody by Maulana Saifi of 
Bukhara, also called 'Aruzi (d. a.h. 909, a.d. 1503) (see above, 
No. 296). It was compiled, according to a chronogram at the end, 
a.h. 896 (a.d. 1490). 

Begins : 

Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 526« ; Haj. KMl., iii, p. 419; 
Bibliotheca Sprenger, 1572 ; Cat. of King's College (Cambridge), 207. 
It has been edited with an English translation by H. Blochmann 
under the title of " Prosody of the Persians," Calcutta, a.d. 1872. 

(David Anderson.) 
359. 

Qawa'id-i Far si. 

Fols. 40 ; 7i in. by 4i in. ; 11 lines, each 2f in. long ; written in 
Nasta'liq-shikastah-amlz ; injured ; not dated. 

A short treatise on grammar by Raushan 'All Ansari of Jaunpur 
(died about a.h. 1225, a.d. 1810), who was professor in the College at 
Fort William. In the introduction it is stated that the author 
compiled this work for his son Fazl 'All. The first four folios are 
badly injured. 



320 



MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 



Begins 



<U-N ^LffjLa-sr 1 J^-j l^*Jj iJL^j J^-jlf JjyT Aa»- jl Ju«j 

Cf. Kieu, ii, p. 8575, III, and Ethe (1.0. Cat), Nos. 2520 and 2521. 
It has been printed at Calcutta, a.h. 1232 and 1249 (a.d. 1816 and 
1833), and lithographed at Lucknow. 

{Robert Brown.) 



XVI. DICTIONARY. 
360-361. 



uTJ v 
Lughat-i Farsl. 

Fols. 681 ; 12 in. by 7|-in. ; 21 lines, each 4| in. long ; written in 
clear Nasta'llq ; bound in plain leather ; not dated ; two vols. 

An incomplete Persian lexicon with explanations in Persian, 
arranged in alphabetical order. In its present form it is divided as 
follows : — 



li> (t) . 


. . fol. la 


& (§) 






. fol. 12a 


£j£ (J and 


ch) „ 20a 


r (h) 






585 


£(kh) . 


„ 90a 


J (d) . 






. „ 1275 


J (?) . . 


. . ,, 164a 


J (0 • 






„ 1725 


; « ■ • 


. . „ 2185 


U*> ( s ) 






„ 251a 


pi (sh) . 


„ 324a 


u* (?) 






,, 370a 


u* (?) • 


„ 3925 


t (.t) . 






„ 4005 


b CO • • 


. „ 4175 


L (<) • 






„ 420a 


£_U30 • • 


„ 468a 


•-» (f) 






„ 491a 


J (1) • • 


. „ 5285 


u/(kj . 




(J> 


„ 5705 
mid Anderson. ) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 321 

XVII. COSMOGKAPHY. 
362. 

'Aja'ib al-Makhluqat-u Ghara'ib al-Maujudat. 

Fols. 165; 10§-m. by 7£in. ; 19 lines, each 4f in. long; written 
in clear N/asta'liq ; injured by insects ; contains numerous illustrations, 
botb plain and coloured; bears a seal of a servant of Shah-'Alani of 
the first year ; probably copied in the eleventh century of the Hijrah. 

A treatise on cosmography translated from the Arabic of Zakariyya 
al-Qazwini, a descendant of Uns b. (Imam) Malik. The translator's 
name does not appear, but the author is introduced in the following 
terms (see fol. lb) : — 

( £JU ^ ^'A ^\sj j ji j\ J\} <$LdJi.) d.Ul blf ^j^^yiW J^£H 

*£s? t)*> t& *Lj. <uLc ajjl 1-tf j+s»\k«i j>»j <u.c iAl\ ^J>j 

(The blank spaces represent words which have become obliterated.) 
The British Museum copy (see Eieu, ii, p. 462 b seep) contains in the 
author's preface a dedication (not found in the printed Arabic text) to 
'Izz al-DIn Shahpur b. 'Usman. The copy described in Vienna 
Catalogue (see Fliigel, ii, pp. 506-508) is styled t^^)\-kl\ <Lks>? , and 
according to the colophon of the second copy there the Persian trans- 
lation was completed in Jumada I, a.h. 890 (May-June, a.d. 1485). 
In the present copy the divisions of the works are fully enumerated 
on fols. 9«-l 1 . 

The beginning coincides with the Arabic text : 

For other copies see Eieu, ii, pp. 4625 and 995« ; Fliigel, loc. cit. ; 
Bodl. Cat., 397-398; Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 712-714; Pertsch (Berlin 
Cat.), p. 367 seq. ; Leyden Cat., p. 258 ; Browne (Camb. Cat.), 
pp. 208-210; etc. Cf. also Haj. Khal., iv, p. 188; S. de Sacy, 
Chrestomathie, iii, pp. 414-450. The Arabic text has been edited by 
F. "Wustenfeld, Gottingen, a.d. 1848. A German translation by 
Dr. H. Ethe was published at Leipzig, a.d. 1868. The text has been 
printed at Teheran, a.h. 1264 (a.d. 1848). 

(James Anderson.) 

21 



322 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

XVIII. ASTROLOGY. 
363. 

Risalah dar Sa'adat-u Nuhusat-i Ayyam. 



Fols. 27-38 ; 6|-in. by jei in. ; 13 lines, each 2\ in. long ; written 
in small Nasta'llq, in the same handwriting as the 'Ismat-namah ; 
scribe, Murtaza Quli Qazwlnl; dated a.h. 1066 (a.d. 1665). 

An enumeration of a few lucky and unlucky days, with hints for 
the remedy of evil. It is ascribed by 'All b. Ta'iis to the sixth Imam 
Ja'far b. Muhammad al-Sacliq, who died a.h. 148 (a.d. 765). The 
present version is by 'Ibad-allah Muhammad Bakr b. Muhammad 
Taqi. The names of the days are written on the margins. 

Begins : 

•J\ _ d^T 

{David Anderson.) 

364. 

<ul5 Jli 

Fal-namah. 

Fols. 115-13 ; 6£in. by @£m. ; 13 lines, each 2|in. long; written 
in small Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the 'Ismat-namah, etc. ; 
scribe, Murtaza Qui! Qazwini ; dated a.h. 1066 (a.d. 1655). 

The book of divinations ascribed to Alexander the Great. It 
contains in tabular form the names of the twelve divisions of heaven, 
the zodiac. 

Begins : 

t_^^ ^-Xj\a}\ d i^sx) *JtjM AjuoI t.£j\ Jo . . . Jj.uJl 

\ _ aL&jlj .jo£~s\ . . . * z+u*aJ :\ 

(David Anderson.) 



I 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 323 

365. 

<u\j J li 
Fal-namah. 
Fols. 135-14; 6i-in. by 4^ in. ; 13 lines, each 2|in. long ; written 
in small jSasta'lIq, in the same handwriting as the 'Ismat-namah, etc. ; 
scribe, Murtaza Qui! Qazwini; dated a.h. 1066 (a.d. 1655). 

Another book of divination ascribed to 'All b. Abl Talib (see above, 
Nos. 6-8 and 264). 

Begins : 
'J>\ _ w\^-j <JL*~ij£ jliL-ib lj»£j& .... oJ> <ulj Jli 

(David Anderson.) 

366. 

<ulj Jli 
Fal-namah. 
Fols. 14«-15 ; 6im. by pi in. ; 13 lines, each 2f in. long; written 
in small Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the 'Ismat-namah, etc. ; 
scribe, Murtaza Qui! Qazwini ; dated a.h. 1066 (a.d. 1655). 

This translation from the Arabic of the same 'All b. Abl Talib was 
made in verse by Khwajah Rashid al-Din "Watwat (d. a.h. 578, 
a.d. 1182), a poet, who was noted for his ready wit. He was the 
contemporary of Anwari, and received the nickname of " Watwat " 
because of his extremely small stature. 

Begins : 



# 



— ^^ 
(David Anderson.) 

367. 

<ulj Jli 
Fal-namah. 

Fols. 1-11 ; 6£in. by 4-} in. ; 13 lines, each 2£in. long; written in 
small Nasta'llq, in the same handwriting as the 'Ismat-namah, etc. ; 
scribe, Mnrtaza Qui! Qazwini; dated a.h. 1066 (a.d. 1655). 



324 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

A book of divination. It is ascribed to the sixth Imam Abu 
'Abd-allah. Ja'far b. Muhammad surnamed " Sadiq," who died a.h. 148 
(a.d. 765). It is stated to have been treasured by the Khalifahs and 
constantly consulted by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. The Surahs of 
the Quran are the headings for the guidance of the answers which 
follow. 

Begins : 

See Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 800J, I ; and Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 2264. 

{David Anderson.) 



368. 

Ta'bir-i Khwab-namah. 
Fols. 153-18; 6iin. by 4iin. ; 13 lines, each 2i in. long; written 
in small JSTasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the 'Ismat-namah, 
etc. ; scribe, Murtaza Qull Qazwinl; dated a.h. 1066 (a.d. 1655). 

A book on the interpretation of dreams, ascribed to tbe Prophet 
Yusuf (Joseph). It is divided into twelve labs (sections). 
Begins : 

(David Anderson.) 



, M 



XIX. PHYSIOGNOMY. 
369. 

Risalah dar ' Ilm-i Firasat. 

Fols. 27 ; 9 in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines, each 3 in. long; written in fair 
Nasta'llq, with headings in red ; slightly injured ; transcribed by 
Sayyid Ahmad, in the 40th year of Aurangzib's reign (a.h. 1107, 
a.d. 1695). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 325 

A treatise on the science of physiognomy. The author's name is 
not given. The work consists of two maqulahs (chapters) : 

I. Fol. 15, l^-wjL^ lz-w>^j (jLz (J*^ j£ (on the principles of 

physiognomy, in four fasls or sections). 

II. Fol. 8a, f\ — ci^Ulcj Ac. ^A Z)js) clAijjj* jJ (on the 

necessities, effects, signs, etc.), in twenty-one babs or 
sections. The physiognomy and signs of: (1) the head, 
(2) the forehead, (3) the eyehrows, (4) the eyes, (5) the 
nose, (6) the ear, (7) the lips, teeth, and mouth, (8) the 
voice, speech, and laughing, (9) the chin and beard, (10) the 
face, (11) the neck, (12) the shoulders and chest, (13) the 
upper arm and elbow, and the lower or fore-arm, (14) the 
hand, the palm, the fingers, and the nails, (15) the back, 
the abdomen, the hypochondria, (16) the loins, the hips, and 
the buttocks, (17) the genital organs, (18) the knee, the 
leg, and the foot, (19) the hair, (20) the gait, (21) the 
physiognomy of women in general, their movements and 
actions. 
Begins : 



*- 



{James Anderson.) 
370. 

Qiyafah-nainah. 

Fols. 17 ; 9 in. by 5 in. ; 15 lines, each 3 in. long; written in fair 
Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the Bisalah dar 'Ilm-i Firasat ; 
scribe, Sayyid Ahmad; dated a.h. 1107 (a.d. 1695). 

Another treatise on the science of physiognomy, including palmistry, 
by Kali-Das Hindi. Probably the author is identical with the 
celebrate! Hindu poet who nourished either in the time of Eajah 



326 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

Vikramaditya, towards the commencement of the Christian era, 
or Bajah Bhuj (a.d. 1040-1090). He wrote his celebrated work 
Xalodia, exhibiting a wonderful combination of alliteration (translated 
into Latin and published by Ferdinanclus Binary), a history of Xala 
and Damyanti, and poems called Kumara Sambhawa and Maha Xatak. 

The present work is divided into twenty-one bdbs or chapters on 
the following parts of the bodies of both man and woman : the head, 
the forehead, the eyebrows, the nose, the eyes, the lips, the teeth, the 
tongue, the chin, the beard, the throat, the ear, the neck of man, the 
neck of woman, the wrist, the lines in the right hand of man and left 
of woman, the breast, the chest, the belly, the navel, the penis, the 
testicles, the vagina, the thigh, the sole of the feet and the lines on 
them, the mouth in the act of laughing, the moles, the skin, the 
countenance, and the stature of women. 

Begins : 

(James Anderson.) 



i 



XX. COXTBOVEBSY. 
371. 

U-^fcitX^Jl A.1.X.S* 

Ma'rifat al-Mazahib. 

Pols. 4 ; lOHn. by 6f in. ; 23 lines, each 4| in. long; written in 
beautiful small Xaskh, in the same handwriting as the Jami' al-Bumuz 
(above, Xo. 159), about the close of the eleventh century of the 
Hijrah; scribe, Muhammad b. Jalal al-DIn al-Khurasanl. 

An exposition of a few minor tenets of the seventy-three sects 
among the Muhammadans. It was written from a Sunni point of 
view, containing chiefly those articles which were judged worthy of 
censure by the author, Mahmud al-Tahir GhazalT, commonly called 
" Xizam of the Madrasa-i Jalali." This art of handling religious 
differences was not known in the infancy of Islam, but was introduced 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 327 

when sects sprang up and articles of faith began to be disputed. Its 
study was absolutely rejected by the Imam al-Shafi'I, but allowed 
only under extreme caution by the Imam al-Ghazali. The present 
treatise is divided into seven fash or chapters : 

I. The Sunnites and some of their religious observances. 

II. The Shi'ites, in twelve inferior sects : 

(1) 41SU-1 , (2) AJfJul, (3) *1.U , (4) *Jju; , (5) dlx^ , 

(6) &J&&, ( 7 ) *-?ji*. ( 8 ) *4-**, (9) ^.i^i----^, 

(io) <J&3J/w* , (li) *$«rlj, (12) *i*jU . 

III. The Kharijites, in twelve inferior sects : 

(1) &jj\ , (2) <CUM , (3) <CLuJoJ , (4) dl^xi , (5) C«jlp- , 
(6) *£aU. , (7) a&U^-i , (8) Ajj^, (9) <tfj;£, (10) <C3ja**, 
(11) dl) »/♦»»•* , (12) aJUxs"* . 

IV. The Jabarians, in twelve inferior sects : 

(1) *ll\*j\ , (2) <CL«s>- , (3) ^A*^ , (4) *Isjr^ , (5) AlftjL , 

(6) <du*£ , (7) *_j^-k_*3_/« , (8) 4l<^ , (9) <CL £ j > r-*-'* i 

(10) tSj*?, (11) *£,&, (12) *£*»x*. 
V. The Qadarians, in twelve inferior sects : 

(1) <tfji*is-\ , (2) 4jLu^, (3) Ajyj , (4) ijjj^ , (5) Aplk~i , 

(6) *JXjj-& , (7) dJLk-Li , (8) <Cj^ , (9) &}±* , 

(10) <CL*£U, (11) aJUUaJ, (12) *l«Jfcj. 
VI. The Jahamians, in twelve inferior sects : 

(1) £ij^ , (2) ajjjljj , (3) 4-^i , (4) dpLi , (5) dU^-i , 

(6) <LlkiJ , (7) Alk** , (8) -LUu^w. , (9) aJLS^ , 

(10) &J^, (11) tfij/j, (12) *2&\j. 
VII. The Murjians, in twelve inferior sects : 

(1) iipA-1 , (2) alcJv-J , (3) <cU-j , (4) <c£,Lj , (5) <tfyk»- , 
(6) *£>-],, (7) *1jU, (8)<c£U, (9)<d^, (10)4-Jyu^, 

(11) Aliii*u.«, (12) £!$*£*•. 



328 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

The author has also quoted, on fol. 4a, seven other sects taken from 
the work of Abi Qasim Razi : 

(1) *£#!/, (2) 4/o, (3) db^ , (4) &*-\s], (5) £&\i , 

(6) 4XA&\ji , (7) *3yc&1 . 

The introduction begins : 

(James Anderson.) 
372. 

Lawami'-i Babbani dar Radd-i Shubahat-i Nasrani. 

Fols. 144 ; 9f in. by 5£in. ; 15 lines, each 2£ in. long; written in 
good Nasta'liq ; all the Arabic texts are written in red ink ; a few 
pages at the beginning are damaged ; insect-eaten ; bears two seals 
respectively of Fazil-Khan (a.h. 1114, a.d. 1702) and Rushd-Khan 
Hasani ; copyist, Muhammad Husain. 

A treatise giving the Muslim side in a controversy with J. Xavier, 
and in vindication of Islam. It was compiled, according to numerous 
quatrains at. the end, each line of which forms a chronogram, in 
a.h. 1031 (a.d. 1621), by Sayyid Ahmad b. Zain al-'Abidin al-'Alawi 
al-'AmilT, who a year later wrote another work called j J \su> JJLa^ 
\aj (J&- 4i-j! s^jW*, in refutation of Geronimo Xavier' s Defence 
of Christianity " (see this work, the A'Tna-iHaqqnuma', No. 68), which 
he dedicated to Shah 'Abbas of Persia. A full account of the present 
work is given by S. Lee in the preface (pp. xii-ci) to Henry Martyn's 
"Controversial Tracts on Christianity and Mohammedanism," 
Cambridge, a.d. 1824. 

Begins : 



^ 



(James Anderson.) 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 329 

XXI. AET. 
373. 

Q,it'at-i Khushkhatt. 

Fols. 31 ; 17^ in. by 12Mn. ; ornamented and richly coloured; 
a work of the tenth and eleventh centuries of the Hijrah. 

This is an album containing valuable specimens of Persian penman- 
ship in a variety of characters: Nasta l llq, Nashh, Raihun, Tauql', 
Muhaqqaq, Hiqd 1 , and Suls. They are pasted, large ones in the centre 
and small ones on the margins, on thick paper (waslls), and bear the 
following signatures, which are all in INasta'lIq : Mir 'All, Malik, - Mdlllc 
Ahmad al-Husaini, Mu'izz al-Dln Muhammad al-Husainl, Muhammad 
Husain al - Tabriz!, Sultan Muhammad Nur, Sultan Muhammad 
" Khandan," and Shah-Mahmud Nishapuri. The album besides 
contains two fine portraits of ladies and two other pictures; these are wen 

in black ink. -, — _* . 

0*ccari. ni/*-^!*.* (J2t M Binning ^ ICS) 



374. 

Tasawir. 

17f in. by 12 in. ; enamelled gilt binding ; slightly injured ; a work 
of the twelfth and thirteenth century a.h. 

The contents of this volume are: Nineteen (16fin. by lljin.) 
and ten (13^ in. by 9^in.) portraits carefully drawn, with seven 
(13-Hn. by 9J in.) good specimens (one by Fa'iqq) of caligraphy. 
The pictures are by Indian artists except two, which are in Persian 
style, and have been pasted on gold - sprinkled paper. Moghul 
Emperors and Princes (including Babar and 'Alamgir and Mirza 
Jawan-Bakht, who died at Rangun in exile with his father Bahadur- 
Shah II, a.h. 1302, a.d. 1884), the Empress Mumtaz - Mahal (the 
favourite wife of Shahjahan, who lies buried in the wonderful Taj- 
Mahal at Agra), Muhammadan Walls or saints (including Khwajah 
Qutb al-Dln Bakhtiyar Kaki, d.-A.H. 633, a.d. 1235, and Shaikh Farid 



330 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

al-Dln Shakar- Ganj, cl. a.h. 664, a.d. 1265), and Hindu Deities 

(including Kanhyyajl and Bamchandarji) and Bairagls (ascetics), 

elephant fight, bathing at the ghats, etc., are the subjects of the 

pictures. 

(R. If. Binning, I.C.S.) 

XXII. MSS. OE MIXED CONTENTS. 

875. 

Makhzan al-Akhlaq. 

Fols. 257 ; 9| in. by 6+ in. ; 15 lines, each 3f in. long ; written in 
distinct Nasta'llq ; slightly injured by worms ; probably copied in the 
eleventh century of the Hijrah. 

A collection of miscellaneous writings in prose and verse by different 
authors. This MS. in its details is exactly the same as that described 
in Eieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 796. 

It consists of : 

I. <_>jLa^ u^-o-1. (the Bahat al-Q,ulub), on fol. lb. Satirical 
sketches by Ni 'mat-Khan " 'All " (see No. 82), beginning : 

Cf. Eieu, ii, p. 796a; Bodl. Cat, 1157 (7); Ethe (1.6. Cat.), 1659 

(3); etc. 

II. jLjTjJu^.p- y-J^j (the Waqa'i' Haidarabad), on fol. 30 b. 
A satirical record of the siege of Haidarabad and Golkundah 
(for details see above, No. 82) by the same. 

III. (JJ^~» tj^^ (the Husn-u 'Ishq), on fol. 83b. An allegorical 
story in mixed prose and verse, by the same, beginning : 

*juj .J ijm-j\ ouii «_.*<£»».>• * /*->^ fc -r'V. '• ^"^ (J^ 1 " 2 lk -~*f^^~ 
Eor other copies see Eieu, ii, pp. 703& and 796«; Bodl. Cat., 1157 
(6) and 1159 (3) ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 681. It has been printed 
at Lucknow, a.h. 1258 (a.d. 1842) and a.h. 1290 (a.d. 1873); and 
with a commentary at Dehll, a.h. 1260 (a.d. 1844). 



PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 331 

IV. A letter probably by the same, on fol. 99a, beginning : 

s- . 

V. (1) <t«.~j j C**^ s^u^ (the Munazara-i Chashni-u Surmah), 

on fol. 102*. 

(2) <*jLi) j c_iJ; aJcL* (the Munazara-i Zulf-u Shanah), on 
fol. 105*. 

(3) ,i^»»- yjyt*4s* (the Mazmun-i Khiyall), on fol. 1085. 
The above are three short pieces in prose by Aqa Abu al-Q,asim. 
Cf. Rieu, ii, p. 796«. 

VI. On fol. 1105, a letter written by the Uzbak ambassador, and 

an answer to the same by Mirza Muhammad Tahir 
Easrrabadi. 
See Rieu, ii, p. 796«. 

VII. Jj^fj^r (the Bahr-i Tawll), on fol. 1125. This is a short 
piece in prose followed by several qit'ahs in verse by Mir 
Sayyid 'All, poetically styled "Mihri" of Ispahan," who 
was the poet - laureate under Sultan Husain Safawl 
(a.h. 1105-1135, a.d. 1693-1722). 
Cf. Rieu, ii, p. 796a. 

VIII. xS> • Li-^ (the Q,aza-u Qadr), on fol. 116«. A masnawl by 
Muhammad Qui!, poetically styled " Salim," who was 
a native of Teheran, but had come over to India and was 
attached to Amir Islam - Khan. He died at Kashmir,, 
a.h. 1057 (a.d. 1647). 

See Eieu, ii, p. 7965; Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 556. 

Begins : 

IX. Short pieces in verse by : 

(1) On fol. 1225, Asaf-Jah, the first great Nizam (d. a.h. 1161,. 
a.d. 1747). 

(2) On fol. 123«. Nawwab Bustam-Jang, whose original name 

was Murshid 'All Khan, and who poetically styled himself 
" Makhmur " ; he was a native of Surat, and died a few 
years after the death of his patron, Asaf-Jah (see above). 
Cf. Rieu, ii, p. 7965; Sprenger, p. 194; etc. 



332 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

(3) On fol. 127a, Murtaza Qui! Khan, poetically styled " Wala," 
who had come from Persia, and died in Bengal about the 
close of the eleventh century a.h. See Eieu, ii, p. 7963 ; etc. 

(4) On fol. 1285, Hulla Tughra of Mashhad, who was attached to 

Prince Murad-Ba khsh , and died in Kashmir in the beginning 
of 'Alamgir's reign. 
See Eieu, ii, pp. 742-744, 7965, 8505, and 8755 ; Bodl. Cat., 1389- 
1390; Pertsch, p. 24; Ethe, 1586-1591 ; etc. 

(5) On fol. 136a, a mulchammas of Sa'di (see No. 104). 

X. On fol. 1375. Letters and short pieces in prose by Ni 'mat- 
Khan " 'All » (see above, I-III). 

XI. On fol. 1425. A few satirical pieces in verse by the same, 
beginning : 

See Ethe, 1671 ; Rieu, ii, p. 7965. 

XII. On fol. 1485. A large mystic masnawi containing short tales 

and anecdotes on moral and ethical matters, by the same 

(see above, Xo. 109). 

(Robert Brown.) 

376. 

Eayaz. 

Pols. 64 ; 7i in. by 4-§- in. ; written in some parts in good Xasta'liq- 
shikastah, mostly in the handwriting of 'Abd al- Jawwacl, who probably 
was the owner; dated a.h. 1143-1155 (a.d. 1730-1742). 

Short selections, mostly in verse, from the following poets : A'zam- 
Bakhsh ; Asar ; Ni'mat Khan 'Ali ; Sa'di ShirazI; "Wall; Muhammad 
Ja'far ; Ghani Kashmir! ; Mazhab Ispahan! ; 'Abd al - Jawwad ; 
Mukhlis-Khan ; ' TJrf! Shiraz! ; Khushdid ; Ahmad 'All Payam ; etc. 

(James Anderson.) 



HINDUSTANI MANUSCRIPTS. 333 

C. HINDUSTANI MANUSCRIPTS. 

I. HISTORY OF A'ZAMGARH. 
377. 

Sarguzasht-i Rajaha-i A'zamgarh. 

Fols. 33; 8 J in. by 5J in. ; 11 lines, each 3J in. long; written in 
fair Nasta'llq ; illuminated frontispiece ; bound in gilt-lined leather ; 
copied for the donor at A'zamgarh, a.h. 1289 (a.d. 1872). 

This is an Urdu version of the original Persian work (see above, 
.No. 238), containing a brief account of the rulers of A'zamgarh. The 
author (Sayyid Amir 'All Razwl) is himself the translator. % 

Begins : 

{J. R. Ileid, CLE.) 
II. POETRY. 
378. 

Diwan-i Wall. 

Fols. 119 ; 8 J in. by 4 J in. ; 14 lines, in two central columns ; fair 
Nasta'llq-shikastah-amiz ; bound in plain leather ; the last eight folios 
are badly injured, the rest are patched up ; not dated ; an old copy. 

The lyrical poems of Shah Wali-allah, who was a native of Gujarat, 
but passed the greatest part of his life in the Deccan. He was alive 
in the Emperor 'Alamgir's time, and is believed to be the first poet who 
wrote a complete Diwan in Urdu. Up to the time of "Wall and his 
contemporary Shaikh Zuhur al-DIn, poetically styled "Hatim," who 
lived at Dehli, the Indian poets usually wrote poetry in Persian. 

The present MS. contains : 

I. The ghazals arranged in alphabetical order, beginning : 



334 MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS. 

II. TarjVut, on fol. 107. 
III. Mtikhammasdt, on Ms. 109 and 112. 
IV. Rulu'iyytd, on fol. 111. 

' 379-380.* 

Marasi-i Hashim 'All. 

Fols. 734; Sin. by 41-in.; written in clear Nasta'llq, which in 
some places, evidently by a different hand, becomes very fair ; the 
titles are in red ink; bound in plain leather; dated a.h. 1193 
(a.d. 1779); two vols. 

The Marasi or elegies on 'All, the son-in-law of the Prophet, and 
his sons and grandsons, by Hashim 'All, one of the celebrated poets 
who first wrote poetry in tbe Urdu language. Hashim, who lived at 
an earlier period than Wall and Hatim, flourished in the reign of 
Jahangir at Burhanpur, a.h. 1030, and was still living a.h. 1056 
(a.d. 1621-1646), and from a date (a.h. 1046, a.d. 1636) occurring 
on fol. 35 it follows that this was the time when he was writing his 
elegies. He was a disciple of the celebrated Sbaikh Ahmad Faruql, 
who died at Sirhind, a.h. 1034 (a.d. 1625). Hashim was the author 
of several other works and a Dlwan, but according to the custom of 
his time these were written in Persian. A few bands by the poets 
" Kazim " and " Qadir" are also included in the volumes. 

Begins : 

For Ha shim's Diwan see Sprenger (Oude Cat.), p. 420 ; and Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), 2898. Cf. also Beale, Orient. Biogr. Diet., p. 106. 

Sto. kHl\ attach- ' (David Anderson.) 

III. TALES. 

381. 

Hikayat-i Latlf. 

Fols. 50 ; 9£ in. by 7£ in. ; 11 lines, each 4|in. long ; written in 
■clear Nasta'llq ; not dated. 



HINDUSTANI MANUSCRIPTS. 335 

A collection of seventy - six short entertaining stories translated 
from Arabic and Persian. The diction of the translation, however, 
is indifferent, and full of antiquated phrases. 

Beains : 



?> 



" ^ JP J 8 "^ l/ lS^ ^ U^J)* ^ 



382. 



\$a3 



Qissaha. 

Fols. 29 ; 9f in. by 7^iu. ; 17 lines, each 4 J in. long; written in 
JNasta'liq in the twelfth century a.h. 

A few short tales of the wisdom of birds. In the last tale the 
compiler has described the condition of Calcutta and Monghir as it 
existed during his time. At the end there is a short selection from 
the poems of the celebrated Mirza Muhammad Rafi', poetically styled 
"Sauda" of Dehll (d. a.h. 1195, a.d. 1781). 

The tales, which are written in old Urdu, begin : 

{Robert Brown.) 



IV. ASTROLOGY. 
383. 

<ulj Jli 
Fal-namah. 






Fols. 1 3a— 3 ; 6 J in. by 4 J in. ; 13 lines, each 2\ in. long; written 
in small Nasta'liq, in the same handwriting as the Tsmat-namah; 
scribe, Murtaza Qull Qazwini; dated a.h. 1066 (a.d. 1655). 

A book of divination ascribed to Shaikh Yahya Munyari (Sharaf 
al-DIn Ahmad, d. a.h. 782, a.d. 1380), a celebrated saint of Bihar 
(see Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, vol. xiv, part 1, 
pp. 138-140). 

{David Anderson.) 



337 



APPENDIX. 



ADDITIONAL MANUSCRIPTS. 

A. Arabic. 



I. THE QURAN". 
384. 

Al-Takhbir fi 'ulum al-Tafsir. 

Fols. 1-54; 9-l-in. by 7f in. ; 19 lines, each 4i in. long; written in 
clear Naskh, with, full vowel-points ; slightly worm-eaten. 

A fragment of Abu al-Fadl 'Abd al-Rahman Jalal al-Din bin Kamal 
al-DIn Abi al-Manaqib Abi Bakr al-Suyiiti al-Shafi'I's (died a.h. 911, 
a.d. 1505-1506) work on the sciences of Quran-exegesis, composed 
a.h. 872 (a.d. 1467-1468, see fol. 3b, 1. 7 ab infra : cW «v- J } e/r^ * i -* > 
with the omission of the hundreds), and afterwards included in his 
most famous work, ^ iJill *^\s. ,J ^Ui'iH . It is divided into 
eighty <r\y>\ , but the present copy breaks abruptly off already in the 
eighteenth; the first begins on fol. 6b, last line, styled: J_j^ ? J-^ 

Begins : 

^j-L^jl jJLj ^-i-& <-i->j\} >iL-»^ ,**«£> . . . £*X_*J! Jl*Jl ^Ui!! 

1 In the text it is always pointed ..»*sr( J 1 ; see, for instance, fol. 2b, 1. 4 #£ t«/ra. 

22 



338 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

See on Suyuti in general and this work in particular Brockelniann, 
Geschichte der arabischen Literatur, ii, p. 143 sq., and p. 145, No. 7. 

(Col. John Baillie.) 
II. MUHAMMADAN LAW. 

(a) SUNNITE. 

385. 

Al-Hidayat fi al-Furu'. 

Fols. 193 ; lOfin. by 6 in. ; 19 lines, each 3^-in. long; written in 
large Naskh; fols. 88 and 89 supplied by another hand; headings in 
red ; a little worm-eaten ; not dated. 

The last part of Shaikh Burhanal-Din Abual-Hasan 'All bin AblBakr 
bin 'Abd al-Jalll al-Marghinani's (died a.h. 593, a.d. 1197) famous 
work on Muhammadan law according to the Hanafite school, also 
styled i_£j&-**n <5j\jj& '-r 5 ^', see No. 158 above, where a similar 
portion of the work is described. The hitabs or books that appear 
here are : 

djtjLuJ! t_-?l^i , on fol. Iff. 

^LcW d £**Ji5\ c_A£, on fol. 163. 

ds..\l^\ t_->ls£ (here wrongly spelt i£.\\y»), on f. 26ff, lin. penult. 

iJliLy^H u_ >\£ , on fol. 303. 

J\j1)\ c_A^, on fol. 323. 

Zls^W <—>b£, on fol. 39«. 

A'lJbL^li t-r»^, on fol. 453. 

LU\^\ \^\ <-A^, on fol. 643. 

HiJSt§\ t__;l^i, on fol. 733. 



APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 339 

a-*^ <__>l^, on fol. 80a. 

,j&j5l L->l^i (not indicated in No. 158), on fol. 90a, first line. 

cybLsll c_>b£, on fol. 1213. 

JjU^H c-jI^s (here called (— 'M, on fol. 1563. 

<C-^ luI^ (again called c— 5 ^)* on f°l- 1613. 

. Jj^sl < >lii, on fol. 1 89a (the last three subdivisions not 

indicated in No. 158). 

The whole work was printed at Calcutta (a.h. 1234), and translated 
into English by C. Hamilton, London, 1791 ; second edition of the 
same by S. Gr. Grady, London, 1870; another annotated text-edition 
appeared in Lueknow, 1894. For fullest references as to the Arabic 
work itself and its manifold commentaries see Brockelmann, i, p. 376, 
No. 24; cf. also Haj. Khal., vi, 479; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), iii, 
p. 202 sq. ; Loth (I.O. Cat.), Nos. 211-220 ; for the numerous Persian 
adaptations and commentaries see especially Nos. 181-184 above, and 
Ethe (I.O. Cat.), Nos. 2593, 2594, and 2613. 

(3) Shi'ixe. 
386. 

Fiqh. al-Imamiyyat. 

Fols. 250; 9J-9fin. by 6 in. ; 13 lines, each 3|in. long; written 
in Naskh by different hands ; corrections and additions, both marginal 
and interlinear ; slightly worm-eaten, especially towards the end ; 
there seem to be some lacunas, since the catchwords on fols. 63, 233, 
513, 1173, 1423, 1563, 1963, 2033, and 2273 do not agree with the 
first words on the nest pages; fols. 103 and 157 are left blank; 
not dated. 

The same portion of the Shi'ite law-book by Siraj al-Haqq, which is 
described in No. 15 above, except that a few 3a3s in that copy must 
have been overlooked by the joint compilers of the Arabic part of the 
Catalogue. It is arranged most unsystematically, as the following 
copy proves. The authorities most frequently quoted are the -i jsT 



340 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

aI£*-}H, by Jamal al-Dln al-Mutahhar al-Hilll, the head of the 
Imaml sect in Iraq (died a.h. 726, a.d. 1326), see Aumer (Munich 
Cat.), No. 372, and Brockelmann, ii, p. 64, No. 11 ; and the f-5!..* , 
i.e. the *L^J1 *_51-2>, by Abu al-Q,asim Najm al-Dln Ja'far bin 
Muhammad bin Yahya bin Sa id al-Hilll, the favourite law-book 
of the Shi ites, printed Calcutta, 1839 ; edited with Russian trans- 
lation by Kasembeg, fasciculus i, St. Petersburg, 1862; see Brockel- 
mann, i, p. 406, No. 4. 

Contents. 

*_-Jl t_->b , on fol. 15 (with the ^1*21 ^.-j <J d-ai, on fol. 26 5, 
begins a new section). 

L/tr^* e^- 1 "^ '-r^ > on ^' 45 ^ - 
^&J.U t_-'lj , on fol. 58a. 

^^♦...ill < >b , on fol. 73a (corresponding to the first lab only 

of the jA^aJl <__-Ui of the following copy). 

2^1)1 t— jIj , on fol. 805. 

<£*JijJl 4__j>Vj , on fol. 925. 

h .1*11 t__?lj , on fol. 105a. 

dll^sl t__?l_J , on fol. 1105 (not indicated in No. 15 above, corre- 
sponding to the second bab of the ^Uwill ljd of the following copy). 

'i.\^-V\ i "1j , on fol. 115a. 

dlliall c_A> , on fol. 127a (corresponding to the third bab of the 
^UJLll <—>l^ of the following copy). 

aL«ll < j\j , on fol. 137a. 

<C«9jll i -"I) , on fol. 144a (not indicated in No. 15). 

—l.jjl vyb- t_-Aj , on fol. 158a. 

>^*S1 (— jb , on fol. 168a. 
j^Ij i_>Sl u-jIj, on fol. 180a. 

i*A^Jl ^- , ^ j on f°h 1925 (the last three 5a5s are wctf indicated in 
No 15). 

^.51 .ill t_jb , on fol. 202a. 

Begins as in No. 15. {Col. John Baillie.) 



APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 341 

387. 

The Second Qjsm of the same Shi'ite Law-book. 

Fols. 57-137; 9|- in. by 7-fin. ; 19 lines, each 4^- in. long; written 
in clear Naskh ; occasional additions and glosses on the margin. 

This portion of the Fiqh al-Imamiyyat is styled J> ^J>w\ p*Jl\ 
j»i«S\ and follows closely the arrangement of the AZ.^) ji_j=s? (see 
the preceding copy). It is divided into ten books (here called 
k >ba) and subdivided into bills and fash. 

Contents. 

1. S .IrsLH u-jlii , in twelve babs, on fol. 57b. 

2. wsJiSl* i^.^ t— *^i i n three /tfsfe, on fol. 813 ( = ^Si] <—>b 
^^Ji!^ in the preceding copy). 

3. [j&jS! ti <-r>k^> i n four /fls/s. on fol. 88a ( = ^aJII! c_jIj in 
the preceding copy). 

4. jjyJdUil <-r'^, i n nve ./ a ?^> on f°l« 96 ^- 

5. *sxs)l < >\i£, in three /asfo, on fol. 1043. 

6. ^U^iJl < ?l^ , in three babs, on fol. 1083, 1. 2 (the first 3a3, 

<LHi£J\ l_jIj , corresponds to the ^LtJLH <__>U in the preceding copy, 
the second to the <LH».s^ <— Aj, and the third to the <LHij51 cjb there). 

7. *sr*^\ < >l^i , on fol. 115a (no subdivisions). 

8. <£ -u*l\ c_>l^ , in three /as/s, on fol. 118a ( = A^L,)] t__-?Vj in the 
preceding copy). 

9. jiiUilli il'.Li«.n c_-?l^i , in three/«s£s, on fol. 124a. 

10. £IjLm^J1« <\<z.\\a\\ l-j\£ , in four fa sis, on fol. 132a. 

(Col. John Baillie.) 

388. 

Selections from the same Second Qism and other portions of the 
Fiqh al-Imamixtat. 
Fols. 93; 9£in. by 6i in. ; 20-25 lines, each 4£in. long; written 
by a very uncouth hand in a mild kind of Shikasta ; many lines in the 
text struck out ; corrections, notes, and additions on the margin (all 
verified by the preceding MS. in those portions which are common to 
both copies) ; slightly worm-eaten. 



342 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

Contents. 

(a) Portions of the second qism : 

tuAjuJ^ c_>l-i , in five /ask, on fol. la ( = kitab 4 in the preceding 
copy). 

-sa^ll l_>1^" , in three fash, on fol. 6a ( = kitab 5 in the preceding 
copy). 

<2U£Sl ,j J-oaM , on fol. 83, first line ( = kitab 6, first lab in the 
preceding copy). 

*r*&\ <—. )\z&, on fol. 10#, first line ( = kitab 7 in the preceding copy.) 

is.j\j^\ C-jlii , in two/tfs?.s, on fol. 12« ( = kitab 10, fasls 1 and 2 
in the preceding copy). 

SliL*^ c__?l^i , in two/rts/s, on fol. 14a, 1. 2 ( = kitab 10, fasls 3 
and 4 in the preceding copy). 

There are consequently wanting of the second qism here : the first 
three kitabs, an index of which is given on the flyleaf at the end, the 
last two babs of kitab 6, and the whole of kitabs 8 and 9, while kitab 10 
of the preceding copy is split here into two. 

(3) Other portions of the work : 

—\&$\ L-j\^ , in seventeen fasls, on fol. 183, 1. 2 (with an index 
on fol. 18fl, fol. 17 being left blank). 

v^Lil\ t__?b , in fifteen fasls, on fol. 43a, first line (with an index 
on fol. 42b). 

*Jisz\ <— Aj , in five fasls, on fol. 523. 

.IgS 1 . ^b , in five fasls, on fol. 553 (with an index before it). 

*L^ i— >u , in four fasls, on fol. 573, first line. 

^l*iH U-»b , in six fasls, on fol. 59<?. 

(Jzju\ <-— ?l-i , in four fasls, on fol. 63a, first line. 

^tJan c__?lxi , in torn- fasls, on fol. 693, first line. 

<UjIL*J] c__>l^i , in ten fasls, on fol. 713, 1. 4. 

'JL^aii! c_. >l^i , on fol. 78a (no subdivisions). 

jljiH t_- >lii , in seven fasls, on fol. 79«. 

<31*sm c_jl^i , on fol. 87« (no subdivisions). 

AkLl^ t__JUi , in three /tfs/s, on fol 88a, first line. 



APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 343 

III. HISTORY. 
389. 

Murtij al-Zahab wa Ma'adin al-Jauhar. 

Fols. 159; 7 in. by 4f in. ; 15 lines, each 3i in. long ; written in 
neat Naskh ; much injured by worms and patched up in many places ; 
not dated. 

A fragment of the famous historical encyclopaedia by Abu al-Hasan 
'All bin Husain bin 'All al-Mas'udi, who died a.h. 345 or 346 
(a.d. 956 or 957), called on fol. la j-jV^ jJ^K It begins with 
the reign of the Umayyade Khalif 'Abd al-Malik bin Marwan and 
breaks off with that of the 'Abbaside Khalif Musa al-Hadi. 

Contents. 
Umatyades : 

Abd al-Malik bin Marwan, a.h. 65-86 (a.d. 685-705), on fol. 15. 

Al-Walld bin Abd al-Malik, a.h. 86-96 (a.d. 705-71 5), on fol. 445, 

first line. 
Sulaiman bin 'Abd al-Malik, a.h. 96-99 (a.d. 715-717), on fol. 55a, 

second line. 
'TJmar bin 'Abd al-'Aziz bin Marwan, a.h. 99-101 (a.d. 717-720), 

on fol. 60«. 
Yazid II bin 'Abd al-Malik, a.h. ] 01-105 (a.d. 720-724), on fol. 685. 
Hisham bin 'Abd al-Malik, a.h. 105-125 (a.d. 724-743), on fol. 74a. 
Al-Walld II bin Yazid II, a.h. 125-126 (a.d. 743-744), on fol. 79a. 
Yazid III and Ibrahim, sons of Al-Walid bin 'Abd al-Malik, 

a.h. 126-127 (a.d. 744-745), on fol. 83a. 
Marwan II bin Muhammad bin Marwan, a.h. 127-132 (a.d. 745- 

749), on fol. 90a. 

'Abbasides : 

Abu al-'Abbas 'Abdallah bin Muhammad al-Saffah, a.h. 132-136 

(a.d. 749-754), on fol. 103«. 
Abu Ja'far al-Mansur, a.h. 136-158 (a.d. 754-775), on fol. 123a. 
Al-Mabdi, a.h. 158-169 (a.d. 775-785), on fol. 1425, last line. 
Musa al-Hadi, a.h. 169-170 (a.d. 785-786), on fol. 1535. 



344 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

Begins : 

j^-jjN ^ *fi! *-* J\ 

Mas'udi completed his work in Jumada I, a.h. 336 (a.d. 947 
Nov.-Dec), and revised it shortly "before his death, a.h. 345 (a.d. 956), 
see Brockelmann, i, p. 145, No. 3 ; Haj. Khal., v, p. 500, No. 11828 ; 
Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), ii, p. 36 ; and Nicholson, Literary History of the 
Arabs, pp. 352-354. It has been edited by Barbier de Meynard and 
Pavet de Courteille in nine volumes (Paris, 1861-1877) ; other editions, 
Bulaq (a.h. 1283) and Cairo (a.h. 1303). An extract from the same, 
by Ibrahim al-Ibshihi, is noticed in Fliigel, ii, p. 37. 

390. 

&& 
Al-Ta'rikh. 

Pols. 1-227; 8 1 in. by 4J-4f in. ; 19 lines, each 3 in. long; written 
in clear Naskh ; headings in red ; slightly worm-eaten ; dated the 
4th of Sha'ban, a.h. 1135 (a.d. 1723, May 10th), and collated. 

A history of the Prophet and the Khallfs to a.h. 627, month of 
Safar (a.d. 1229, December to 1230, January), in the Khalifate of 
Al-Mustansir billah (who reigned a.h. 623-640, a.d. 1226-1242), 
composed by Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin 'Abdallah bin 'Abd al-Mun'im 
Shihab al-Din bin Abi aldam al-Hamdanl al-Hamawi (born a.h. 583, 
a.d. 1187; died a.h. 642, a.d. 1244), and dedicated to the Malik 
al-Muzaffar, prince of Maijafariqln, who died in the same year 642, 
shortly before the author himself. 

Begins : 

)\s$\ ju yuii ^\ j*m jb\j\ j±i\ jp\ ai &+A\ 

Muhammad's life begins on fol. 2a, lin. penult. 
See Brockelmann, i, p. 346, No. 11,1; Bodl. Arabic Cat., i, p. 728. 

(David Anderson.') 



APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 345 

391. 

L_->.IftJ'j &\*p\ il;jlj9- i-SjX.* o \J&a2\ Xj?£-J ^\ijs\ il^_^ 

^LcW ^^fiull ^-v o^ ^j^j ^LjW J^»J 

Mir'at-aljanan tva Hbrat-alyaqzan ft ma'ri/at haioddis-alzarnan iva 
taqallub ahwal-alinsan wa ta'rikh maut ba l d ahnashhurln ala'ydn. 

Fols. 428 ; 10^ in. by 5y in. ; 27 lines, each 3| in. long; written in 
clear Naskh ; illuminated frontispiece ; each, page bordered by a small 
gilt stripe ; headings in red ; slightly injured in some places ; various 
readings, glosses, and additions on the margin ; occasional corrections 
in the text; not dated; entries from a.h. 1192 (a.d. 1778) and 1198 
(a.d. 1784) on fol. la. 

Annals of Islam (see the above full title on fol. 'la, 11. 4 and 5) from 
a.h. 1 to 750 (a.d. 622-1349) by Abu Muhammad 'Abdallah bin As'ad 
bin 'Ali Nazil al-Haramain al-Sharifain al-Yamani, known as Ya.fi'1 
(fol. lb, 1. 3), who died a.h. 768 (a.d. 1367) see above No. 242. The 
first year of the Hijrah begins on fol. 2a, the 750th on fol. 4213. On 
the back of the binding it is called ^v'b f\jv • 

Begins : 

. . . jun (.M ^ ^^ fi/ft *&i ^ J\j?*d ] ^ J li 

See Loth (I.O. Cat.), Nos. 706 and 707; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), ii, 
p. 43 ; Haj. Khal., iv, 481 ; for further references cf. Brockelmann, ii, 
p. 177, No. 13; also Ethe (I.O. Cat.), col. 267. 

( Col. John Baillie. ) 

IV. MATHEMATICS. 
392. 

Tahrir TJqlldus. 

Eols. 148 ; 8f in. by 4£in. ; the original leaves are pasted on white 
paper; 23 lines, each 2fin. long; written in Nasta'llq ; numerous 
annotations and glosses, both marginal and interlinear ; dated at 
Harat a.h. 902 (a.d. 1496-1497) ; the perusal or revision of the same 
by the transcriber was made in a.h. 904 (a.d. 1498-1499). 



346 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

A very dilapidated, worm-eaten, and besides incomplete copy of the 
same Elements of Geometry by Euclid in the Arabic translation of 
Khwajah Nasir al-Din Muhammad al-TusI (died a.h. 672, a.d. 1274), 
which has been described in No. 27 above ; but both tbat and the 
present copy contain only the extracts, made from the original work 
(which was printed at Rome 1594). This shorter redaction was 
printed at Constantinople 1801. Some leaves at the beginning and 
end are quite loose, and it is almost impossible to arrange them in an 
absolutely correct order. 

The copy opens abruptly in the first maqalah ; the second begins on 
fol. 155 ; the third on fol. 22a; the fourth on fol. 34a, last line; the 
fifth on fol. 415; the sixth on fol. 495, 1. 4 ; the seventh on fol. 625 ; 
the<eighth on fol. 70a; the ninth on fol. 75a; the tenth on fol. 81a ; 
the eleventh on fol. 103a ; the twelfth on fol. 1155 ; the thirteenth on 
fol. 1255, first line; the fourteenth on fol. 133a; the fifteenth on 
fol. 146a; an additional leaf (fol. 148) cannot be allocated. Inserted 
in the text are two supplements in a different handwriting, between 
fols. 41 and 42, and fols. 48 and 49 respectively. According to a most 
valuable note on fol. 1475 Nasir al-Dln Tusi's Arabic translation was 
completed the 22nd of Sha'ban, a.h. 646 (a.d. 1248, December 10). 

A Persian translation of this work by Khair al-Dln Khan bin Lutf 

Allah (a.h. 1144, a.d. 1731-1732) is described in Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 

No. 2260 ; see also J. C. Gartz, De interpretibus et explanatoribus 

Euclidis arabicis, Halse, 1823. 

(Co/. John Baillie.) 

V. PHILOSOPHY AND ETHICS. 
393. 

Sharh al-Isharat wa al-Tanbihat. 

Fols. 222 ; 7^- in. by 4 in. ; written in two styles of Naskh by two 
different hands; the first on fols. 1-83, 92-125, 135-144, 154, 155, 
165, 166, 176, 177, 187, 188, 198, 199, and 210-222; the second on 
fols. 84-91, 126-134, 145-153, 156-164, 167-175, 178-186, 189-197, 
and 200-209; 20-21 lines, each 2i-2fin. long; the text overlined 
in red ; many marginal and interlinear glosses and various readings ; 
other notes and glosses on the flyleaves ; not dated. 



APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 347 

The second and third part of the same Nasir al-DIn Muhammad 
al-Tusi's Arabic commentary on Abu 'All Ibn SIna's (died a.h. 428, 
a.d. 1037) work on logic, physics, and metaphysics, completed a.h. 644 
(a.d. 1246-1247) and entitled Cjljli^ oKl^ J*- ; the present 
copy contains the physics in three anmat and the metaphysics in 
seven anmat. 

Namat i, on fol. 15; ii, on fol. 38a, lin. penult; iii, on fol. 655 ; 
iv, on fol. 99b, first line; v, on fol. 1115; vi, on fol. 1275; vii, on 
fol. 166a; viii, on fol. 1875; ix, on fol. 1985; x, on fol. 213a. 

Begins : 

See Loth (I.O. Cat.), No. 480 ; Haj. Khal., i, 302 ; Leyden Cat., 

iii, p. 321 ; Dora (St. Petersburg Cat.), 60 ; Brockelmann, i, p. 454, 

No. 20 (where the full bibliography is given) ; and Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 

No. 2201 (1). 

(Col. John Baillie.) 

394. 

j&Si /*y.~ W*~' 

Ihya 'Ilium al-DIn. 

Fols. 505 ; 11-f-in.by 7|-7±in. ; 37 lines, each 5iin. long; written 
in excellent old Naskh, fully pointed; numerous additions, various 
readings, and glosses on the margin ; large waterspots ; the text here 
and there slightly injured; small illuminated frontispiece ; each page 
bordered by small stripes in gold and other colours ; dated the 5th of 
Eabi' II, a.h. 781 (a.d. 1379, July 21st), by Muhammad bin al-Hasan 
bin Muhammad al-Shahrastanl ; according to a remark in a different 
handwriting, on fol. 3385, Ahmad bin Husain bin 'All Shihab al-Dln 
completed the perusal, or rather study, of the third <l-Jj or quarter 
the 10th of Zu al-Hijjah, a.h. 854 (a.d. 1451, January 14). 

The famous Arabic work on ethics by the great Shafi'ite Imam 
Abu Hamid Muhammad bin Muhammad al-Ghazall of Tus, styled 
Hujjat al-Islam (born a.h. 450, a.d. 1058 ; died a.h. 505, the 14th of 
Jumada. ii, a.d. 1111, December 18th), with a lacuna of six leaves 
(according to the Arabic paging) between fols. 169 and 170. It is 



348 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

divided into four cb^\ (quarters or sections), each subdivided into 
ten c_^o or books. 

The first section (c^ioL*JI J-J>)» on matters of religion and 
worship, on Ms. 2a-l02a; the second (ci^jl*5\ &j)> on usage and 
practice, on Ms. 1023-2083; the third (clACLf*!! *->j), on destructive 
things, on fols. 2093-3383 ; the fourth (e^LssU)! -%->j), on salutary 
things, on fols. 3393-5055. A full index is given on fol. 13. 

First section in ten kit&bs : 

(1) ,*i*n L__>l^i , in seven 3d3s, on fol. 2a. 

(2) JoUxl] A.e^jj L_jl^i, in four fash, on fol. 28a. 

(3) ij\$\j\j*\ (-AsZ, on fol. 39a. 

(4) x£+ea\ j\j?»\ i—jl^i, in seven 3d3s, on fol. 443. 

(5) 'ifijl\ jSjJ c_A£, in iourjasls, on fol. 613. 

(6) AJ£\j\jJ\ c_jl^i, on fol. 68a. 

(7) *aA\ \jj\ t__?l^i , in three 3d3s, on fol. 70a. 

(8) J\J&\ i)l2 l-jVS, in four 3d3s, on fol. 793. 

(9) ^y.3\ 3 J6j1\ <-_>l^, in five 3d3s, on fol. 86a. 

(10) S\jA\ t_>l^ (the index adds: csjiy! d), in two 3d3s, on 

fol. 933. " 

The first kitdb, "on knowledge," is a general introduction to the 
whole work. 

Second section in ten kitabs : 

(11) JflN (index, t-*>!) <_>taT c_>l^i , in four 3d3s, on fol. 1023. 

(12) ^l&H (index, <_>jl) l_^jT c_>1^, in three 3d3s, on fol. 1073. 

(13) J&*^\ 3 ^^LW lJ\S\ t_»\a^ (index, ^^11 *\£aJ t-A£), 
in five 3d3s, on fol. 118a. 

(14) »\j^\j Jlsli <—>^, in seven 3d3s, on fol. 126a. 

(15) SjJS>\m1\, L^\ <_->taT L_>lii (the index adds: i_jUwJ ^# 
JJlsll), in three 3d3s, on fol. 148a. 

(16) <Lk*5i c_-)b>i , in two 3d3s, on fol. 166a. 

(17) Not marked in the text, in consequence of the lacuna after 
fol. 169 ; according to the index the heading is : .JLuJl <«-/ j! c_>U£ , 
in two 3d 3s. 



APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 349 

(18) J^.!^} cUjl!! c_?l^ , in two bdbs, on fol. \75a. 

(19) ji^^\ ^s. r£^\* ' ^y^Slj j*b\ L-j\z& , in four bdbs, on 

fol. 187a. 

(20) SJJW jWj <tA-**!1 Lj\J\ C->lii, on fol. 204a. 

Third section in ten kitabs : 

(21) wJjill kJlsP (the index adds j^) C_>ls£, on fol. 2093. 

(22) L_-*liill y^/^ *S^J jLUl L-^jJ^ (juuiill <Ltfl> ; C->U£ 

(in the index only jj*ji£l\ <LjU. c__>li£), on fol. 224a. 

(23) *yOj ^^ fjfi cr -J^l-l! (index, LJ\ ) y -^J l-j\-^ 
(index, ^ .ill i^-ij), on fol. 234a. 

(24) ^,1*111 (index, <kT) CjliT c_>l^, on fol. 2423. 

(25) .Xu*Jtj jJLslVj l_^*!1 £sT c_;l^, on fol. 2583. 

(26) LJ3iH ij l_jL<\ on fol. 2693. 

(27) JicjMj J UN id c_A-s, on fol. 2793. 

(28) s\J\ X* i-jte (the index adds *l»jj^), on fol. 2923. 

(29) t-^s*\j ^-£11 ij <-r^, on fol. 3123. 

(30) j^All Jjd <_>l^ (index, ^xll <_>l^), on fol. 326a. 

[Fourth section in ten kitabs : 

(31) itjSW Ujlaf , on fol. 3393. 

(32) /2A\y J1 J&\ uJsZ, on fol. 359a. 

(33) «-ij*)ij V-jll <-r^ (index, *ls>-^ i-JjiJl), on fol. 385a. 

(34) dJbj^yill <-*la, on fol. 3973. 

(35) J?j2Hj du*-y£)1 l_jU> , on fol. 412a. 

(36) 'Ijtllj (omitted in the index) u*ji\j v»jl!^ <*JLs*m c__>b£ , 
on fol. 427a. 

(37) jsA\. ^dJlj £231 <_>l^ (index, ^iloJlj jaSJIj), in 
three 3a3s, on fol. 448a. 

(38) Ls\.*)\ } Z~As^\ c_Au£ (index, <u-»U^!j L's^W), on 
fol. 458a. 

(39) j\*2s.y\) r Ls$\ t__jlu.i (the index omits the last word), on 
fol. 468a. 

(40) i£jy&\& <-j\£ , in eight 3a3s, on fol. 4763. 



350 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

Kitabs 3, 6, 20-36, 38, and 39 have no division into babs or fash. 

Begins : f\ — ^y^ \j£& \^*->- W <U!^ &+»~\ . 

Printed at Cairo, a.h. 1278 and 1306; Lucknow, a.h. 1281; 
Bulaq, a.h. 1289 and 1306; see Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), iii, p. 91; 
Loth (I.O. Cat.),Nos. 602-10; and for further references, Brockelmann, 
i, p. 422, No. 25; Hitzig in Z.D.M.G., vii, p. 172 sq. ; Gosche in 
Abh. d. k. Akad., Berlin, 1858, p. 253 sq. ; Haj. KhaL, i, 180 sq., etc. ; 
for the popular abridgment of this work in the Persian cujU-j ^L^-i" 
(printed Calcutta, without date ; lithographed Lucknow, a.h. 1279 
and 1282, and Bombay, 1883), cf. Ethe (I.O. Cat.), No. 1781 ; 
a Turkish translation of the latter appeared in Constantinople, 
a.h. 1260 ; an English version of the same by H. A. Homes, Albany, 
N.T., 1873. 

( Col. John Baillie.) 

VI. PROVERBS. 
395. 

Jli^ w^ C-jtsS 

Kitab Majma' al-Amsal. 

Fols. 334; lOfin. by 6f-in. ; 25 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
splendid Naskh ; occasional additions and glosses on the margin ; most 
of the headings and initial words of proverbs in red ink ; some leaves 
glued together in such a way that they could not be separated without 
risk of injuring the text ; fols. 158-261 and 264-271 written on reddish 
paper; from fol. 272 on the paper gets gradually paler again; not 
dated; seals with the date a.h. 1131 (a.d. 1719) on fols. la and 334«. 

The large collection of more than 6,000 Arabic proverbs, arranged 
alphabetically, by Shaikh (Abu al-Fadl) Ahmad bin Muhammad 
al-Maidanl al-Nishapurl (died a.h. 518, a.d. 1124), in two parts, viz., 
jpi fj-sM , beginning on fol. la, and J^\ jj-^\ , beginning on 
fol. 161 b. The former comprises the first fifteen babs, the latter the 
other fifteen ; at the end of fol. 160a the heading of bab 16 appears, 
which is repeated on fol. 1613 ; each bab, from the second to the 
twenty-eighth, contains an appendix of proverbs, beginning with 
a prosthetic «/?/before the respective letter of the alphabet. Bab I, 



APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 351 

on fol. 43, 1. 2 0) ; II, on fol. 36a (c_>) ; III, on fol. 47a (C->) ; IV, 
on fol. 58a, last line (Clj) ; V, on fol. 603 (_) ; VI, on fol. 723 (^) ; 
VII, on fol. 87a (j.) ; VIII, on fol. 100a (j), here wrongly styled 

*_^l£H < >L5\ instead of .^uH <—->^ ; IX, on fol. 104a, first line 

(j), this lab has the correct heading; X, on fol. 108a ( .); XI, on 
fol. 1193 (j); XII, on fol. 1225 i^); XIII, on fol. 134a (JS>); 
XIV, on fol. 147a (^jd); XV, on fol. 157a ( J>) ; XVI, on fol. 1613 
Ch) ; XVII, on fol. 1663 (k); XVIII, on fol. 1683 (c); XIX, on 
fol. 187a (c); XX, on fol. 191a d_j); XXI, on fol. 1993 (j) ; 
XXII, on fol. 214a (lLD; XXIII, on fol. 2293 ( J ); XXIV, on 
fol. 261a (*); XXV, on fol. 2873 (^) ; XXVI, on fol. 2973 ( } ); 
XXVII, on fol. 3063 (*); XXVIII, on fol. 317« (,_>) ; XXIX (the 
names of 225 battle-days of the Arabs), on fol. 324a; XXX (some 
sayings of the Prophet and the first four Khalifs), on fol. 329a ; 
a short supplement ( £juj), on fol. 332a, first line. 
Begins : 

Printed Bulaq, a.h. 1284; Cairo, a.h. 1310; Freytag, Arabum 
Proverbia, three vols., Bonn, 1838-1843; see also Aumer (Munich 
Cat.), p. 278 ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, p. 299 ; and the references in 
Brockelmann, i, p. 289, No. 10, 1. 

{Col. John JBaillie.) 

VII. ASTRONOMY. 
396. 

Tahrir al-Mijisti. 

Fols. 128 ; lOf-lOf in. by 5|-5f in. ; 27-34 lines, each 2| in. long ; 
written in very small Naskh ; many astronomical tables and diagrams ; 
headings in red ; an innumerable amount of glosses on the margin ; 
worm-eaten ; waterspots; dated a.h. 1011 (a.d. 1602-1603) ; according 
to the Arabic paging there seem to be lacunas after fols. 9 (one leaf) 
and 34 (two leaves) ; six blank leaves after fol. 82, three after fol. 90. 

A slightly defective copy of Nasir al-Din Muhammad al-Tiisi's 
(died a.h. 672, a.d. 1274) edition of the Arabic version of Ptolemy's 



352 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

fie<^aXrf avvTagi? or Almagest. The patron whose favour he gained 
thereby was al-Hasan bin Muhammad al-SIwasi, with the epithets 
^S^S *L>- and ^Jow i_i-~j (see fol. 15, 1. 14 ; the title on the 
same page, 1. 4 ab infra) ; the passage quoted from the preface of 
this work in Loth (I.O. Cat.), No. 47, is found here on fol. lb, 
1. 5 sq. It contains the following thirteen maqalas : 

I, on fol. 2a ; II, on fol. 18a, first line (here wrongly styled bab) ; 
III, on fol. 31a, first line ; IV, on fol. 405 ; V, on fol. 515 ; VI, on 
fol. 645 ; VII, on fol. 70a ; VIII, not marked ; IX, on fol. 885, first 
line; X, on fol. 100a ; XI, on fol. 104a, first line ; XII, on fol. 113a, 
first line ; XIII, on fol. 120a, first line. 

Begins : 

See Loth (I.O. Cat), No. 741 ; Haj. Khal., v, 387 ; B.M.A. Cat., 
pp. 187, 620, and 745; Wenrich, 228; Brockelmann, i, p. 511, 
No. 39, etc. 

397. 

AlfOTHEE DEFECTIVE COPT OF THE SAME. 

Fols. 235; 9-f-in. by b\ in. ; 19 lines, each 2^in. long.; Naskh ; 
all the tables left blank ; worm-eaten; collated; the first 149 leaves 
written on green paper, the remainder on white ; not dated. 

Of the thirteen maqalas only six are marked here, viz. : I, on 
fol. 2a; II, on fol. 345; III, on fol. 57a; IV, on fol. 795; VI, on 
fol. 118a ; and VII, on fol. 140a ; V and VIII-XIII are not indicated 
at all (V probably in consequence of a lacuna after fol. 101 ; the last 
subdivision of IV, beginning here on fol. 100a, last line, corresponds 
to fol. 50a, 11. 4 and 3 a5 infra, in the preceding copy). In the 
beginning the first eight lines of the preface are missing. 

{Col. John Baillie.) 

vwJ^Uu^r „ 398, ^c Mo.no • ^U,«U 

Sharh Tazkirat al-Tusi. 

Lois. 167 (the Arabic paging, counting the first blank leaf as fol. 1, 
has 168); 8-^ in. by 6 in.; 29 lines, each 3f-3^in. long; written in 



% 



APPENDIX — ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 353 

ver}' small Naskh ; slightly worm-eaten ; text and diagrams in red ; 
dated Thursday, 11th of Safar, a.h. 1146 (a.d. 1733, July 24), by 
Muhammad Haikal al-Daurl ; collated and provided with occasional 
glosses on the margin. 

Another copy of Al-Sayyid al-Sharlf 'All al-Jurjanl's (died a.h. 816, 
a.d. 1413) Arabic commentary on the same Nasir al-Din Muhammad 
al-Tusi's Elements of Astronomy, styled Xj-^uj • <__>Lp-i! iyiiJ 

< AJ^n ,J»^ (see last page), a true facsimile of No. 170 above, 

except that the wording of the chapter headings differs. According ' ■ 
to the colophon this commentary was finished on a Tuesday in the C 
middle of Zu al-Hijjah, a.h. 811 (a.d. 1409, beginning of May), in 
Shiraz. 

Bab I, on fol. 25 (<UJjJu i—^os^ ^-*)> i n two fash ; II, onfol. 14a 
(<Lj.Lt!l (Jj&~y\ **r" <-&), in fourteen fasts ; III, on fol. 109# 
(^jOjN £m> ti), in twelve fasts; IV, on fol. 1525 (^»0^» lijX* <J 
J\jS>-^\» jUj^i), in seven fasts. 

Begins : 

-J\ -jffl\ 3 ^J\^W AslLkfU [prjji 'UiH d J*=r us&\ ^ l H 

Additional references: Ethe (I.O. Cat.), 724-726, 1162; Berlin 
Cat., 5681 ; Leyden Cat., 1094-1095 ; Brockelmann, i, p. 511, No. 40. 
A Persian treatise by the same Muhammad al-Tiisi and with the same 
title a^JJ (also called *WI ; jlil ), on the future life, is described 
in Bodl. Cat., 1417, No. VI ; see also Bieu (B.M.P. Cat.), p. 830. 

VIII. GRAMMAR AND DICTIONARIES. 

399. 

LaU\ -jJS, 

Sharh al-Alfiyyat. 

Fols. 167; 9 in. by 6£ in. ; written by two hands, in a smaller, 
very neat Naskh, and in a larger bold one, the former on fols. 1-118, 
134-1395, 1. 7, and 157-167 ; 27 lines, each 4 in. long. ; the latter on 
fols. 119-133, and 1395, 11. 8-156 ; 21-22 lines, each 31-4 in. long; 
the original text in red ; numerous glosses on the margin of the part 
written by the first hand ; shockingly worm-eaten thi'oughout and 

23 



354 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

injured in many places, especially in the part written by the second 
hand; the first part is dated on fol. 167a the 8th of Muharram, 
a.h. 735 (a.t). 1334, September 8), by Haji 'Abd al-Latif ibn 'Abd 
al-Kahim bin Muhammad al-Da'udl al-Tabrlzi. 

A very old and venerable copy of the Arabic commentary of Badr 
al-DIn (Abu 'Abdallah) Muhammad bin Muhammad bin 'Abdallah. 
Ibn Malik al-Tusi (died a.h. 686, a.d. 1287) on his father, Abu 
'Abdallah Muhammad bin 'Abdallah, commonly called Ibn Malik's 
(died a.h. 672, a.d. 1273-1274) famous grammatical poem, the <^am 
or jsaJ^ (j HahiL . 

Begins : 

*D\ j^ a*j ui . . . J**^\ j-um jun *uw &&\ jg 

Ibn Malik's Alfiyyah was printed Bulaq, a.h. 1253 ; Lucknow, 
a.h. 1263; Cairo, a.h. 1306; Bairiit, a.d. 1888; the same with Ibn 
'Aqil's commentary printed Bulaq, a.h. 1252 ; and a super-commentary 
on the same, ib., a.h. 1265 ; published by De Sacy (Or. Trans. Fund), 
1833; text with French translation by L. Pinto, Constantine, 1887 ; 
edited by Fr. Dieterici, Leipzig, 1851 ; translated into German by 
the same, Berlin, 1852. On Badr al-Dm's commentary see Loth 
(I.O. Cat.), No. 959; Aumer (Munich Cat.), No. 721; Ahlwardt 
(Berlin Cat.), No. 6635; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), No. 180 ; Haj. Khal., 
i, 407 ; etc. For further references see Brockelmann, i, p. 298, 4, 
No. ii. A Persian commentary on the Alfiyyah is described in Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), No. 2436. 

(Col. John Baillie.) 

400. 

Sharh. al-Shafiyat. 

Fols. 159; 7^-7-i-in. by 5 in. ; 19 lines, each 2-fin. long; written 
in excellent Nasta'llq ; numerous annotations on the margin ; small 
illuminated frontispieces on fols. 12b, 27b, 85a, 134«, and 159 b; each 
page bordered by small stripes of gold and other colours ; the original 
text overlined in red. 



APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 355 

Fragment of an Arabic commentary on Ibn Hajib's (died a.h. 646, 
a.d. 1248) treatise on Arabic inflections, called <Ui l&Jl ; as there is 
no beginning or end to this copy, it is impossible to say which, of 
the numerous commentaries it is — two of them are described in 
Nos. 32 and 33 above. 

First words on fol. 1« : 

Jl _ ojilll s\i*« U^l J\j^\ JJj l^ic ^\ ^U *;L S 

Last words on fol. 1593 : 

(Col. John Baillie.) 
401. 

Al-Sahah. fi al-Lughat. 

Fols. 552 ; in two volumes, the first fols. l-304«, the second 
fols. 3053-552«; 13f-13£in. by 9fin. ; written in excellent Naskh, 
with vowel-points throughout, but very few annotations, by four 
hands : the first, on fols. 1-73, 33-34 lines, each 6| in. long ; large 
waterspots ; only the headings (labs and fasls) written in bright-red 
ink. The second, on fols. 74-253, 28 lines, each 7|-7^in. long; both 
the headings and the words explained written in large ornamental 
characters in black. The third, on fols. 254-4793, 1. 8 ; 27 lines, each 
6-g- in. long ; headings and words likewise in large characters, but in 
dark red. The fourth, on fols. 4793, 1. 9, to fol. 552 ; 27 lines, each 
7-7-g-in. long ; headings and words in large characters in black ; dated 
by the fourth hand the 18th of Rajah, a.h. 667 (a.d. 1269, March 23). 

A splendid old copy of the famous Arabic Lexicon of Imam Abu 
Nasi* Isma'Il bin Hammad al-Jauharl al-Farabi (died probably a.h. 393, 
a.d. 1003). The bubs are constituted by the third radical, the fash 
by the first and second radicals. 

Begins : 



356 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

Lithographed Tabriz, a.h. 1270 ; printed Bulaq, a.h. 1282 ; for 
further references see Brockelmann, i, p. 128; Fliigel (Yienna Cat.), 
i, p. 85 sq., and Grammatische Schulen der Araber, i, p. 254 ; 
Z.D.M.GK, iii, p. 91 sq. ; an abridgment of the same is described in 
Loth (1.0. Cat.), No. 1027, 4; an extract from the same ( .l^sr* 
-Is** I) in Aumer (Munich Cat.), No. 779 (printed Cairo, a.h. 1287- 
1289, and 1305; Bulaq, a.h. 1302). On the Persian abridged 
adaptation, the — ls~-M .* _y (a.h. 681, a.d. 1282, printed 
Calcutta, 1812-1815 and 1832), seeNos. 139 and 140 above, and Ethe 
(I.O. Cat.), Nos 2388-2390 (by a strange mistake Brockelmann gives 

for it the nonsensical date a.h. 956). 

{Col. John Baillie.) 



r &\ 



402. 

^ <— y*M *K 'y_j *jUn ^u^-i 



Shams al-'Ulum wa dawa' kalam al-'Arab min al-Kulum. 

Fols. 610; 10 in. by 5|— 6 1- in. ; written by six different hands in 
Naskh, the first in the main portion of the index ; the second in the 
Supplement on fol. 1 ; the third, on fols. 18-21, 35 lines, each 4 in. 
long; the fourth, on fols. 25-85 and 88-314, 33 lines, each 3| in. 
long; the fifth, on fols. 86 and 87 (a very modern hand on white 
paper), 33 lines, eaeh 3fin. long; the sixth, on fols. 315-610, 
33 lines, each 3|- in. long ; not dated, but the name of the sixth 
transcriber is given on fol. 465« as 'Abd al-Gham bin 'Abdallah bin 
'Usman bin Shihab al-DIn al-Lahurl ; slightly worm-eaten ; a few 
pages of the original text are cancelled either partly or entirely, see 
for instance fols. 85, 88, 558, 559, etc. ; occasional annotations and 
glosses on the margin. 

The comprehensive Arabic dictionary by Nashwan bin Sa'id al- 
ETimyarl, who completed this work in Egypt in Ramadan, a.h. 570 
(a.d. 1175, March-April), see fol. 185. It is divided into an 
introduction (<— . AS.W iiiSs.-*), dealing with general preliminary 
questions of grammar and lexicography, beginning with a <— A' 
c_a; .^j2!S1 , on fol. 19b, and four sections (called «_j .), .the first of 
which begins on fol 26a, third line (ij<*4\ c— >L» xj<*$\ i—)['s£), and 



APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 357 

ends on fol. 178« ; the second begins on fol. 1795 (c->b JlaM t__>b.£ 
A'jLrLuH 'UtfSI J\jM) and ends on fol. 314«; the third begins on 
fol. 3155 (AicLuH 'U-jW SC^\ <_>U 0l-2i5^ l_>1^) and ends on 
fol. 465a; the fourth begins on fol. 4655 d_^Jj\j <_»U^ u-A>) and 
ends on fol. 610«. The alphabetical arrangement is the usual one, 
but all reduplicated stems stand first in each letter, and the *\a.J\ or 
nouns, which are separated from the JUil or verbs, always precede 
the latter. 
Begins : 

J\ _ r sJ\ ^uaii (J^r^ ,~^ j^n r ^i ^yi *fl ^i 

Ou fols. 25-1 7# a detailed index, compiled by Shihab al-DIn al- 
Daulatabadi al-Daqa'iqi, and dated by the transcriber, Muhammad 
Kazim al-Husainl, a.h. 1196, the 12th of Jumada II (a.d. 1782, 
May 25) ; a short supplementary index on fols. la and 15. 

For other copies see Brockelniann, i, p. 301 ; cf. also Z.D.M.G., xxix, 

p. 620 sq. ; one of the anonymous extracts from this work is described 

in Loth (I.O. Cat.), No. 998. 

(Col. John Baillie.) 

IX. POETRY. 
403. 

<LU»sl! - .«- 
Sharh al-Hamasah. 

Fols. 178 ; lOf in. by 7i in. ; 29-41 lines, each S^in. long; written 
in Naskh, which is large and ornamental in the verses of the original 
text, with full vowel-points, but extremely small and very trying for 
the eye in the commentary ; innumerable glosses and annotations ; the 
names of the poets are usually written in red ; the MS. is in 
a shocking condition, owing to the ravages of the worms, and severely 
injured in many places. According to the Arabic paging there is 
a very large lacuna after fol. 4, since fol. 5 is marked 32 (correctly 
42, as fol. 6 is 43, unless there is another lacuna of ten leaves after 
fol. 5, the catchword, however, being correct) ; another strange point 
is that the catchword at the end of fol. 345 agrees with the first word 
on fol. 36«, and that the Arabic paging skips over fol. 35 too, unless 
it is a mere mistake in numbering. 



358 APPENDIX ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 

A very defective copy of the Imam Abu 'All Ahmad bin Muhammad 
bin al-Hasan al-Marzuqi's (died a.h. 421, a.d. 1030) commentary ou 
the famous Hamasah of Abu Tammam Hablb bin Aus TiTI (died a.h. 231, 
a.d. 845-846). As to subdivisions, only five are marked, owing to the 

lacuna after fol. 4, viz. : ^jy»l! c__Aj , begins on fol. 4a ; C-?j)!l < il> , 

begins on fol. 93a and ends on fol. 1015 ; i > r u M $\ < A: , begins on 

fol. 1023 and ends on fol. 126«; Isrfl t_>b, begins on fol. 1275 and 

ends on fol. 1405; ^Mx*!lj i jL-^j! l_jIj , begins on fol. 1415 and 

goes to the end. 

Begins : 
ij-^j (ijW~'j d^»**^' (iT* ^^ L*J !£*-•* ^LuJ^H '(J^\s>- *I) «X«,s| 



^ 



lT 



The text of the Hamasah itself (<Lsl*usM <-r>V) begins on fol. 4a : 

See Brockelmann, i, pp. 20 and 84-85. The Hamasah itself, with 
Tabrlzi's commentary, was edited and translated into Latin by 
G. Freytag, Bonn, 1828-1847 ; German metrical translation by 
F. Kiickert, Stuttgart, 1848. Other text-editions, Bulaq, a.h. 1286; 
Calcutta, 1856; Shaikh 'Abd al-Qadir's commentary on the Hamasah 
appeared in Bombay, 1883. 

(Col. John Baillie.) 

404. 

Saqt al-Zand. 

Fols. 117; 9 in. by 6^ in. ; 13 lines, each 3i-3|-in. long; written 
in good old Naskh ; innumerable glosses, both marginal and inter- 
linear; worm-eaten throughout ; not dated. 

The first diwan of the free-thinker and pessimist, Abu al-'Ala Ahmad 
bin 'Abdallah bin Sulaiman al-Tanukhl al-Ma'arri (born a.h. 363, 
a.d. 973-974 ; died a.h. 449, a.d. 1057), in which he collected the 
lyrics of his youth. 

Begins : 

•J\ _ (jiobj (JwUl^ ^jXAW ^li A*J 



APPENDIX — ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS. 359 

First qasldah, on fol. 2b, addressed to Abu al-Fada'il Sa'id al-Daulat 
bin Sa'd al-Daulat Abu al-Ma'all bin Saif al-Daulat, a grandson of 
Mutanabbi's patron, Saif al-Daulat, the Hamdanide prince of Halab, 
a.h. 390 (a.d. 1000), beginning: 

The other two cul^CjO poems, quoted by Fliigel, are found here 
on fols 93a and 115#. 

Printed Bairut, 1884; a second diwan, of his riper years, styled 
,*:b J I* Ajj! was printed Cairo, 1891 ; Bombay, a.h. 1303. See 
Bieu, De Abu'l- Alee poetse arabici vita et carminibus Commentatio, 
Bonn, 1843; A. von Kremer, Z.D.M.Gr., xxix, p. 304 sq. ; xxx, 
p. 40 sq. ; xxxi, p. 471 sq. ; xxxviii, p. 499 (all the poems edited 
there belong to the second diwan) ; Goldziher, ib., xxix, p. 637 sq. ; 
Brockelmann, i, p. 254 ; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), i, No. 459 ; Aumer 
(Munich Cat ), No. 543 ; Nicholson, Literary History of the Arabs, 
pp. 313-324. 

{Col. John Baillie.) 

X. LETTER-WKITING. 
405. 

(read JJ^il) JSj*N ^L. J J^lll >L* LJ& 

Kitab Manahij al-Tawassul fi Mabahij al-Tarassul. 

Fols. 228-282; 8fin. by 4iin. ; 15 lines, each 3 in. long; written 
in clear Naskh ; slightly worm-eaten. 

An incomplete copy of the treatise on the Sufic styles of letter- 
writing by 'Abd al-Bahman bin Muhammad bin 'All bin Ahmad 
al-Hanafl al-Bistami (see fols. 228« and 228J, 11. 4 and 5), who died 
a.h. 858 (a.d. 1454). It is divided into numerous latlfas, in the 
forty-sixth of which the copy breaks off ; the first begins on fol. 2303. 

Begins : 
^. Ui-.j Jr*\ VJj jjU:rl » ^y *Jj (**~^ U***'}^ ^ C Mj - 

See, for references, Brockelmann, i, p. 232, No. 6. 

{David Anderson.) 



360 APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 



B. Persian. 



I. HISTORY, TOPOGRAPHY, ETC. 
(a) GENERAL HISTORY. 

406. 



V./fC/u' 



iJO 

Ta'rlkh-i-Guzidah. 
Fols. 258; 9in. by 6£in. ; 21 lines, each 4£in. long; written in 
large and clear Naskh, with headings in red ; slightly worm-eaten ; 
some spaces left blank on fols. 2275, 228a, and 2285 ; some words 
a little effaced here and there; a considerable lacuna after fol. 183; 
the catchwords on fols. 355 and 2005 do not agree with the first words 
on the following pages either, but the text is apparently uninterrupted ; 
dated the 22nd of Jumada II, a.h. 848 (a.d. 1444, October 6) at 
Qazwin ; a.h. 1023 (a.d. 1614) appears as date of a former owner on 
fol. 15. 

Another rather defective copy of the general history from the earliest 
times to a.h. 730 (a.d. 1329-1330), fully described in No. 185 above 
(on fol. la it is styled a Jo \jS ^l^£). The author's name (on fol. 2a, 
lines 4 and 5) runs here thus : Hamd bin Muhammad bin Abi Bakr 
bin Ahmad bin Nasr Mustaufi Qazwlni. 

The fatihah, on the creation of the world, begins on fol. 65, last line. 

Bab I, in two fash, on fols. 8a and 265 respectively. 

Bab II, in iourfash, on fols. 315, 355, 40a, and 41« respectively. 

Bab III, in a muqaddimah, on fol. 495, and six fads, on fols. 51a, 65«, 
795, 82«, 97a, and 110« respectively. 

Bab IV, in twelve fash, of which, however, only the first six are 
marked on fols. 1405, 143«, first line, 148a, last line, 1535, 156a, and 
1635, first line, respectively; fasls 7-11 seem to be entirely missing, 
owing to the lacuna after fol. 1 83, cleverly concealed by a correct catch- 
word, and a few insignificant lines on fol. \84a, supplied by a different 
hand; of fasl 12 only the third maqsad is found here, beginning on 
fol. 1845 with the history of ChingTzkhan. 



APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 361 

Bab V, in six fash, on Ms. 2003, 2013, last line, 202a, 2193, and 
2283 respectively (the heading of fasl 6 is left blank). 

Bab VI, in eight fash, on fols. 238«, 2435, 244«, 245«, 245 b, 248«, 
2503, and 252a respectively. 

The conclusion, containing the genealogies, begins on fol. 2573. 

Begins : 

'J\ _ JU^\ ^j (_jl left out here) 

Edited by E. G. Browne in the " Gibb Memorial Series ", vol. xiv, 

i, 1910. 

{David Anderson.) 

(4) HISTORY OF THE PROPHETS, KHALIFAHS, AND IMAMS. 

407. 

Bahr al-Ansab. 

Fols. 91; 9| in. by 5£ in. ; 17 lines, each 3 in. long; written in 
good Nasta'llq, with headings in red; illuminated beginning; gold- 
lined round the columns ; bound in stamped leather ; copied at Karah 
(Allahabad) by Abu al-Fath b. Shaikh Firuz Quraishi al-Siddlqi; 
dated a.h. 1011 (a.d. 1602-1603). 

" The Sea of Generations," being the Persian version of a history of 
the families of the ancestors of Muhammad from Adam downwards? 
of himself, of the first six Khalifahs, and the Imams. The translator, 
Muhammad Ja'far Husaini of Makkah, states in the preface that the 
Arabic original was the work of his own father. It is written in very 
simple style, illustrated with numerous family tables, and in the part 
dealing with the history of Muhammad and his ancestors a great many 
quotations in Arabic (and translation) are given on the authority of 
Imam 'All b. Abi Talib (d. a.h. 40, a.d. 661, see above, Nos. 6-8 and 
269), the son-in-law of Muhammad. 

Contents. 

I. The ancestors of Muhammad, including a number of Prophets, 

on fol. 13. 
II. Muhammad the Prophet, on fol. 33«. 
III. The first six Khalifahs and the Imams, on fol. 643. 



362 APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

The preface begins : 

— * y 

l ^*st±s>- ^ :\ t__>Lj "$\ jST 4s . . . ^jj*J iftXiJ tXj fi ^t . . . 

The first Arabic quotation begins : 
^ fLsM U-c J^-JH MjojI J, *Ldl <U-c *J>T JU <u3\ jU. 

Cf. for the Arabic original, Brockelmann, ii, p. 199. 

(Co/, t/o/m Bail/ie.) 

(c) HISTORY OF TIMUR. 

408. 

Ta'rikh.-i-TImuri. 

Fols. 292; 10 in. by 6i-6iin. ; 17 lines, each 3f-in. long; clear 
Nasta'llq. Dated the 29th Rajab, a.h. 1004 (as it seems, the figures 
being slightly injured) = 29th March, a.d. 1596. Presented with 
three other Eastern MSS. to the University of Edinburgh by Colonel 
Hector Munro of Nowar, upon his return to Britain after the 
memorable victory he obtained over the Indians in Bengal at the 
battle of Buxar on the 23rd October, 1764. 

The oldest abridgement and simplification of Sharaf al-Dlu All 
Yazdi's d^\iA]o (ah. 828), see No. 73 above, by an anonymous 
•writer who was induced to undertake this task by Maulana Burhan 
al-Din of Khurasan (see fol. 3b, 1. 11) ; his princely patrons were 
Shams al-Din Sultau Muhammad (fol. 4a, 1. 4), who seems to be 
identical with Mirza, Sultan Muhammad (appointed a.h. 846, 
a.d. 1442-1443, by Shahrukh governor of 'Iraq, afterwards independent 
ruler of Khurasan), who called Sharaf al-Din to his capital Qumm, 
and Zain al-Din Sultan 'All Mirza (fol. 4a, 11. 9 and 10). He began to 
write the original copy of this extract the 1st of Ramadan, a.h. 879, 
and finished it the 4th of Shawwal in the same year (9th January to 
11th February, a.d. 1475) (see here fol. 4a, 11. 1 and 13). The history 
begins with Timur's birth, on fol. 4b. 



APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 363 

Begins on fol. 15 : 
yfcJl jllrL Jjjj U JULbH Jujs.^1 ^.sli -V*-^ ,J^ *B ^^ 

(Co/. £w* Sector Munro of Nowar.) 
(d) HISTORY OF INDIA. 

409. 

Padishahnama. 
Pols. 441 ; 11-f-iri. by 6f-in. ; 19 lines, each 3f in. long; distinct 
Nasta'llq ; no date ; presented to the University of Edinburgh by 
Colonel Hector Munro at the same time as the ^.^^j JzTj \j . 

The oldest history of the first ten years of the Emperor Shahjahan's 
reign (a.h. 1037-1047, a.d. 1628-1637), by Muhammad Amln ibn 
Abi al-Husain Qazwinl (fol. 9a, 1. 2 ab infra), who entered the 
emperor's service as munshi in the fifth year of his reign, a.h. 1042, 
a.d. 1632-1633 (see fol. 9b, last line). His former work, Li-oSj J^ 
<UjO£J , is mentioned on fol. 105, 1. 6. The title &*l:J&L£> jb appears 
on fols. 9b (1. 13) and 11« (1. 4 ab infra) ; another, rather incorrect 
title, under which the work is known, viz. <t*liJ IgjsM-l , appears 
here on fol. la and at the top of the binding. It is divided into 
a <c»jji.*, a <UU/«, and a <^»jlr>- (see fol. 11«, 1. 4). 

Hfuqaddimah, or Introduction, on fol. lla, last line: history of 
Shahjahan's life from his birth to his accession in a.h. 1037, together 
with a lengthy account of his predecessors. 

Maqfilah, or Discussion, on fol. 1285, first line : history of the first 
ten years of Shahjahan's reign; the tenth year begins on fol. 410«. 

Khutimah, or Conclusion, on fol. 4265, 1. 2 : biographical notices 
of holy and learned men, physicians, and poets of the period. 

This copy is particularly interesting, as from the cancelling of many 
parts of the text, especially in the muqaddimah, we may conclude that 
we have got here the author's first sketch or brouillon. The following 
pieces are struck out: the last two lines of fol. 13«; the whole of 
fols. 135-18«; the first half of fol. 185 and parts of fol. 19a; one line 
on fol. 23« ; parts of fols. 355 and 385 ; the whole of fol. 39, except 
the heading on fol. 395, last line ; several lines on fols. 575, 58«, 70«, 



364 APPENDIX— PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

73a, 785, 845, 85b, and 86« ; the whole of fol. 86b and parts of 
fols. 87a and 99a ; the whole of fol. 100a (last line) to fol. 101a, 1. 8 ; 
the last line of fol. 1015 and parts of fol. 102a ; one line on fol. 320a. 
There are besides occasional corrections and additions on the margin. 
Begins on fol. 2b : 

On fol. lb in another handwriting (mild Shikasta) some Persian 
statistical and topographical data. 

Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), i, p. 258, and iii, p. 935 ; Morley, 
p. 121; etc. (Col. Sir Hector Munro of Nowar.) 

410. 

^lS (or^UO^l^ 
Chahar (or Char) Gulshan. 

Fols. 114 ; lOf in. by 6^—6^ in. ; 17 lines, each 4 in. long ; written 
in Nasta'llq ; headings in red ; occasional corrections on the margin ; 
not dated. 

A general history and topography of the subahs of India and the 
Dakhan, also styled ^L^-^Jl f^j\^ (see fol. 114a, 1. penult., and 
the English note on fol. la), ^ASs jx.s- (see Bieu, B.M.P. Cat., iii, 
pp. 9103 and 10353), and j4\. } u\\ j[^\ (see ib., pp 9105 and 10515, 
sviii), composed by Rai Chaturman (fol. 15), or, with his full name, 
Chaturman Rai, a Kayath of the tribe of Saksinah, called Rai-Zadah 
(see fol. 2b, 11. 9 and 10, and fol. 1145, 1. 4), and finished a.h. 1173, 
a.d. 1759-1760 (see fol. 114a, last line), a week before his death (see 
fol. 1145, 11. 4 and 5). The chronogram for its completion is ^*y^>- 
^llS cL£-J (see fol. 25, 1. 3 ab infra). It was written at the request 
of the Wazlr Ghazi al-Din Khan, known as Shihab al-Din Khan, at 
the time of the second invasion of Shah Ahmad Abdali (see fol. 114a, 
11. 1 and 2), and the author's original introduction begins on fol. 25, 1. 2 : 
;' <U2JU i^*) /*w*j a . »i <o J1_-j i, tf J&l«ic>L> />*A-J \\ u^r^ u**W* J 

•J\ _ ,! ^il** 
C J 

A grandson of the author, called here Rai Chandarbhan (in Rieu, 

loc. cit., Rai Khan Munshi), a Kayath of the same Saksinah tribe, 
finally arranged the work in a.h. 1204, a.d. 1789-1790 (see the 



APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 365 

chronogram ^Igr*- .J ^JlSS j\»~ \ jb c_->|r*~j ^.^ on ^°1- 25, first line), 
and added another Introduction, beginning on fol. 15 : 

Mff\ _ iJuy* ^AuS (4^7 -£*+* A-.>- L^'r 5 ?"' 

The work is divided into the following four ^jAS^ (see fol. 3a, 
11. 4 and 5) : (1) ^U~a J>.^> ^UlljLj J^s-^d ; (2) c^UsTy* ,J 
(i.e. u-i^Li) ^la-^j-i*- ; (3) j\ ^^^l^ JjL*_j e^iL~* u Lj ^ j 
JiAJ jbT ^l^Li ; (4) jjiJb ^llj^j j ^ J^Lo^j J. 

First gidshan, on fol. 3a, 1. 5 (not marked), contains (1) the subah 
of DihlT, with a short historical compendium from the early Rajahs, 
beginning with Judishtir, to the accession of the emperor Shahjahan II, 
a.h. 1173 (a.d. 1759-1760); beginning of the Islamitic period on 
fol. 55; of the Muslim Saints of the same subah. on fol. 16a; of its 
sacred and other localities, rivers, sub-divisions, etc. on fol. 275 ; 
(2) The siibah of Agra, on fol. 32a, first line; (3) the siibah of Lahur, 
on fol. 35a; (4) the subah of Multan, on fol. 385; (5) the subah of 
Tattah, on fol. 40a ; (6) the siibah of Kashmir, on fol. 41a; (7) the 
subah of Orissa, on fol. 445; (8) the subah of Bangalah, not marked, 
begins about fol. 46a ; (9) the subah of Bihar or 'Azimabad, on 
fol. 485; (10) the siibah of Ilahabad, on fol. 50a; (11) the siibah of 
Oude, on fol. 53a ; (12) the siibah of Ajinir, on fol. 54a, last line; 
(13) the siibah of Ahmadabad-i-Gujarat, on fol. 565; (14) the subah 
of Malwah, on fol. 60a ; (15) the subah of Kabul, on fol. 655. 

Second gulshan, on fol. 66a. (a) Topography of the Dakhan : 
(16) the siibah of Barar, on fol. 66a; (17) the siibah of Khandis, 
on fol. 67 5 ; (18) the siibah of Aurangabad, on fol. 69a, first line; 
(19) the siibah of Bijapur, on fol. 70a; (20) the subah of Haidarabad, 
on fol. 72a; (21) the subah of Muhammadabad Bldar, on 
fol. 745 (in the English note on fol. la, mentioned above, there 
are wrongly counted 22 subahs, instead of the 21 in this, as well 
as in Rieu's copy). (5) History of the Dynasties of the Dakhan : 
Bahraanls of Gulkundah, on fol. 76a; 'Adilshabls of Bijapur, on 
fol. 805 ; Nizamshahis of Ahmadnagar, on fol. 825, first line ; Qutb- 
shahis of Tilinga, on fol. 865 ; 'Iinadis of Barar, on fol. 88a ; Barldls 
of Bidar, on fol. 885, last line; Siwa, Rajah and Sanbha, his son, on 
fol. 895. (c) The Fortresses of the Dakhan, on fol. 915. (d) The 
Saints of the Dakhan, on fol. 935, first line. 



366 APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

Third gulshan : Itineraries from Dihll to the various parts of India, 
and distances between them, on fol. 95a. 

Fourth gulshan : Muslim and Hindu Paqirs, on fol. 102a, first line. 
Cf. Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), iii, p. 910 ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), p. 459. 

(A. Seton.) 
(«) HISTORY OF THE MOGHUL EMPERORS. 

411. 

Maasir-i 'Alamgiri. 

Pols. 187; 10-g-in. by 6^ in. ; 19 lines, each 4in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'liq ; half of the binding retains its gilt stamps ; badly 
stained by damp and injured; scribe, Khwajah Karim-allah ; dated 
the first year of the reign of the Emperor Ahmad-Shah (a.h. 1161, 
a.d. 1748). 

This is another complete copy in two parts of the history of the 

reign of 'Alamgir, by Muhammad Saql (see above, Nos. 216-217). 

It is preceded in this instance by a full summary of the whole work. 

It contains the two parts (the second being a mere extract from 

Muhammad Kazim's larger work, see above, Nos. 214-215), but they 

are misplaced in binding. 

(Col. John Baillie.) 

(/) HISTORY OF PERSIA. 

412. 



&W 



r 

Nizam al-Tawarikh. 

Pols. 57; 9yin. by 5^in. ; 17 lines, each 3 in. long; gold-lined 
round the columns ; written in good Nasta'liq, with headings in red, 
in the same handwriting as the Bahr al-Ansab (see above, No. 407), 
by the same copyist and probably in the same year. 

This is a valuable short history of Persia from the earliest times to 
a.h. 674 (a.d. 1275-1276), by Nasir al-Dln Abu Sa'id 'Abd-allah b. 
" Qadi al-Qudat" Imam al- Din Abi al-Qasim 'P/mar b. Pakhr al-DIn 
Abi al-Hasan 'All al-BaidawI, who has been mentioned above (see 
Nos. 1 and 155) in connection with his celebrated commentary upon 
the Quran. 



APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 367 

The work is divided into four qisms or chapters : — 

I. Pol. 3a (which is numbered 97): The Prophets, from Adam to 

Noah, the sages and kings ; ten in number, extending over 

a period of nearly 2,500 years. 

II. Pol. 5« (numbered 98). The ancient Kings of Persia, in four 
taifahs or dynasties: (1) The Pishdadians, eleven kings, 
who reigned 2,508 years ; (2) the Kayanians, nine in 
number, reigning for a period of 738 years ; (3) the 
Ashkanians, twenty in number, for 395 years ; (4) the 
Sasanians, thirty-one kings, reigning for 429 years. 

III. Pol. numbered \\9a (at this place a few folios are misplaced in 

binding). The Khalifahs, in three ta'ifahs : (1) the first six 
Khalifahs from Abu Bakr Siddlq to Husain, the Martyr, the 
first four reigning for nearly 30 years ; (2) the Umayyades, 
thirty in number, who reigned for 95 years ; (3) the 'Abba- 
sides, thirty-seven Khalifahs, for 520 years. 

IV. Pol. numbered 129«. The royal dynasties of Persia contemporary 

with the 'Abbasides, in nine ta'ifahs : (1) the Saffaris, 
on fol. 1296; (2) the Samanis, on fol. 130a; (3) the 
Ghaznawls, on fol. 131«; (4) the Dailamis, on fol. 1333; 
(5) the Saljuqls, on fol. 1366; (6) the Mulahidis (Eastern 
Isma'ilians of Quhistan), on fol. 140«; (7) the Sulghuris, on 
fol. 14l«; (8) the Khwarazmis, on fol. 146«; (9) the 
Mo gh uls, on fol. 148«. 

The work ends with an account of Grhazan b. Abaqa-Khan, who 
ascended the throne a.h. 694 (a.d. 1295) (see fol. 141«, third line 
from end), but that is evidently a later addition, and the real date of 
the work is a.h. 674 (a.d. 1275). 

Begins : 

£\ - */ IJlj \j^1\ 3 ^j\ 
Por further details see De Sacy, Notices et Extraits, iv, pp. 672-695 ; 
and Elliot, History of India, ii, pp. 252-581. See also Haj. Khal., 
vi, p. 354 ; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 823, i; Fliigel (Vienna Cat.), 
ii, p. 60 ; Ouseley MSS., 686 ; Stewart (Descriptive Cat.), p. 7 ; 
Palmer (Trinity Coll. Camb. Cat.), p. 75 ; etc. 
Cf. on the Turkish translation, Bieu, loc. cit. 

{Col. John Baillie.) 



368 APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

II. BIOGRAPHY. 
413. 

Halat-i " 'Asaf-Khanan ". 

Fols. 9; 10^ in. by 6|-in. ; 19 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
clear Nasta'llq; badly stained by damp and injured ; written in the 
same year and by the same scribe as the Maasir above (No. 411). 

This is a short anonymous biography chiefly of Abu al-Hasan, 
entitled " Yamln al-Daulah Asaf-Khan", son of 1'tima.d al-Daulah, 
the Wazlr. He was the father of Mumtaz al-Zama.ni Arjurnand-Banu 
Bigam, the favourite wife of Shahjahan. Asaf-Khan died at the age 
of 72, a.h. 1051 (a.d. 1641). The work opens with brief accounts of 
the other three nobles, who flourished in the reign of Akbar the Great, 
and who also enjoyed the same title (Asaf Khan) : — 

1. Khwajah 'Abd al-Majid Harawl, a descendant of Shaikh Zain 

al-DIn Abu Bakr Taibadi, who received the title (Asaf- 
Khan) in the fifth year of Akbar the Great. Little, however, 
is known about the later days of his life. 

2. Khwajah Ghiyas al-Dln 'All b. Aqa Mulla. Qazwlnl, a descendant 

of Shaikh Shihab al-Dln Suhrawardi. He was maternal 
grandfather to Mumtaz-Mahall, and had the title conferred 
upon him in the eighteenth year of the reign, and died in 
the twenty-eighth (a.h. 989, a.d. 1581). 

3. Ja'far Beg b. Badi' al-Zaman b. Aqa, Mulla Qazwini. He received 

the title in the twentieth year of the reign, was a good poet, 
and completed the Ta'rikh-i Alfi after the death of Mulla 
Ahmad. He is mentioned in the Jahanglrnamah. He died 
a.h. 1021 (a.d. 1612). 
The work concludes with the death (in the fifth year of Farrukh- 
siyar's reign, a.h. 1128-1129, a.d. 1716-1717) of Asaf al-Daulah 
Asad-Khan, son-in-law of Asaf-Khan IV. 
Begins : 

<jl:>- i sLsl t__AU=sT {j*£j\$>~ J^ u ^JU«i! (At- 2 - CLJ^ds^ t^^c \\ 

(v. ) 2 > 

{Col. John Baillie.) 



APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 369 

III. LETTER. 
414. 

Shuqqah. 

Fol. 1 ; 18£in. by 8^ in. ; 14 lines in the centre, each 5£ in. long 
and 12 on the right margin, each 2 in. ; written in running Nasta'llq, 
on gold and colour-sprinkled paper, rolled and enclosed in a silk bag, 
and secured by means of a large seal in wax ; dated 5th October, 1872. 

A ceremonial invitation to the donor, who was Civil Surgeon at 
Agra, from Birj Indar Sawahi Jaswant-Singh, the Maharajah of 
Bharatpur, on the occasion of the birth of a son. It is written in 
extremely florid style. Jaswant-Singh was the son of Maharajah 
Balwant-Singh, and succeeded his father on the 16th March, a.d. 1853, 
when he was only 2 years old. 

Begins : 

-J\ _ c^M 
{Dr. E. Christison.) 

IV. MEDICINE. 
415. 

:U^V*r^ 'lit 511 L>h>. 
Khulasat al-Atibba-i-Hamidkhani. 
Pols. 766 ; 10^ in. by 6| in. ; written by a conglomerate of hands 
in various styles of Nasta'liq, and even Shikasta ; the oldest hand on 
fols. 1-83, 87, and 89-164, 17 lines, each 3^- in. long; another hand, 
or rather hands, on fols. 165-427&, 15-16 lines, each 3£-3£ in. long; 
a third hand in a decided, but mild, Shikasta on fols. 429-543 and 
545-582^, 15 lines (on fol. 429«, 19 lines), each 3£in. long ; a fourth 
hand on fols. 585-712 and 721-765, 16 lines, each 3£-3| in. long; 
besides there are a good number of stray hands on fols. 84-86, 88 

24 



370 APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

(which is a mere repetition of the leaf immediately following, and 
therefore not counted in the Arabic paging at all), 544, 713-720, and 
766 ; some parts of the original text cancelled (for instance, on 
fols. 835, 10I#, and 750a, besides the whole of fols. 1015 and 104a); 
occasional annotations on the margin; fol. 428, part of fol. 582tf, and 
fols. 5825-5845 left blank. 

A vast and unique thesaurus of the science of medicine, but, in spite 
of its considerable length, still incomplete ; it was originally planned 
to contain 89 5a5s (the index gives 90, the last two of which 
were to deal with the stars, i.e. astronomy or rather astrology, and 
with geomancy), 276 fash, and 371 nan's ; but the present copy only 
exhibits the first 66 ; with the heading of bab 67 it breaks off. The 
above title appears in the Introduction on fol. 25, 1. 4 ; the author 

styles himself merely ^LlLj -+s>~ Js.«l>- ^jLsO-j lUj*&J 3 IT, J *Juj ; 

whether Hamidkhan is his real name, or the name of the patron to 

whom the work was dedicated, is not clear. It is based on all the 

> . 

older Persian works on medicine, from the earliest one, the <*,-,&- J 

' J- 

.J&lA.*: .!»> (a.h. 504, a.d. 1110-111 1), which is frequently quoted. 

The headings of the 66 5«5s are as follows : — - 

Number of 

Nau's. 



Bab. Heading. 




Fol. Fasi.s 


1 ^1 c^xi:-*. »J^i? uj»- |^Lj ,j 


18fl 


first line 


W J" J ** (^J J 




24« 


3 ^^J^.j* 




245 


4 <«j»x:>- tOli.lp- *lgi-fL>- ^Lj . J 




30rt 


— „1 

Jul JuJu J-sr* te>- ,4 j 






5 i -wis kjU-i , U-)\S\ ,J 




345 


6 jjju 'Lie] ^ryuj jj> 


375 


first line 


7 j&j-j ^A-yJ^J' ti-vilj yl$j.jJ 




54a 7 


LJJ .. . J (_5 






8 X&j^L j \jb\j& id ,d 


97a, 


last line 2 



13 



APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 371 




Bab. Heading. Fol. 

9 ^1 ^uuj'j • i^-r^ C V l^t" j 1^ 107« 

10 J-^ ^j^uJlj il> 115«, first line 

11 e^#Up- j ^Jj cS/, e^*i^ .J 122*, lin. penult. 

12 ,_c^ _Ls ,J 1355 4 

13 iUJLi J, J Jis. ,J 140« 3 

14 Jli , *,& _^L ,j 191« 2 

c_ J J e. -J 

15 <&£-: _lc ,j 2045 4 

16 U T T icj Aljjj X, CALLS' ,JJ| 209« 9 

17 c^-.icjJ 2205 3 

18 Jl_<ULc. Jj*^ Ll^L«sjJ 2275 7 

19 t_J^»£s- c^-il^X&lxj /«&*£>. jt> 2515, last line 

20 a; }U -ic ,J 2535 

21 *A>- ^l^^>-j -.ifijJ 2555 9 

22 J^£ J^a*>.j plcjj 294rt, 1. 2 5 

23 ^j ^lf-*»- ; j J 3085, first line 2 

24 l-Jj ulduJ ^'lf-4^j -icjj 3145 9 

25 Jjjp j J-^j <uK T Ly 330« 3 

26 _jlf jjwUTjjJJisL —lc ,J 3405 2 

27 ^LssLalj ,U- j **-*Jt) — Is ,J 3505, lin. penult. 2 

28 Ajyj clyl k-^Lbj^ 352« 2 



372 APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

NuMBEB. OF 



Bab. Hrading. Fol. Fasls. Nao ; s. 

29 *d -is .J 3685 3 

30 Axb LU } i^> i-J.**o jC> 3775 3 

31 C>U ; J 393a, lin. penult. 3 

32 <UJ . i_lil& _lc ,J 397a 2 

33 ^flj «Li"j_ji^_j Jj JjJ—L:^ 4015 5 

34 ^ _ic ; 4205 2 

35 ^fU- *U» ; U-J -ic ^0 4335 3 

36 J[3^ -.SUjJ 4445 6 

37 j^-s _L: ;0 4525 2 

38 <Jjli^ (_^^ *O r ^( C-o ; 464a, lin. penult. 2 

39 IIuaJ ,d 475a 3 

40 JUwlb JLi^,J> <£ i^lf^j&jd 491a 2 

41 <ULJb . C/U£ ..jxtld ;l> ,J 496a 4 

42 jJbJ±~> c^l^jjj 512a, last line 2 

43 .^.Li _1=. J 5145, lin. penult. 3 

44 ,*Jj _lc ,J 521a 6 

45 Jl _j^f^ ^f^ j .^sU _lc jJ 533a 4 

46 ^J^Tj^j b^ ^.^j *l^u*-j ^J 5405 5 

47 ,^i (?) Jb _5U ,J 558a 3 

48 Ludl jyr — JUjd 560a 2 

49 J-jill (read f ld) *!jj tt^j^ 566ff > last line 3 

50 UU^ JjJ —51* j J 570a 4 




APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 373 



Bab. Heading. Fol. 

51 <dri- JLc. ,J 574a 

52 £-1 _ JjcL _• ^jyij (J& Jis-jJ! 516a 5 

53 *jb -^ -.lsjt> 596a 3 

54 W^-Sv' W^-V 1 *^ 7r^J J 60la 13 

55 (j^cli?^ Jhjj-lz. .J 6215 2 

56 ij^-l J ' ■" J ^J J^ 625ff 

57 ^ijulj .1 *io.=i~»*d _}Lc ,J 627« 5 

58 JjJl (jwUT ^J 6315 4 

59 ^^ J^ 1 TT^J 636a 3 

60 i_^.* . Ji-/L; _Ic ,J 6405 14 

61 <U-2^ , <)JjT _lc ,d 6935 2 

62 (^U*mJ J.Jj ^AJ&j J^J _lc .J 697« 11 

63 j,! j jju ^jl^Jjio ^srT 7325 2 

64 .A; :! ..,J^isLa»>! ,J 7405 6 

6 
(the Index 



65 ;^j 3 p^j J^sJ" ^ J J 749rt 

i. . x; ^ne maex 

i~l — AjujJ C-\~;j given set>ew) 

66 jjlk-.jjjUs- (jJ,i j^j^-J jjJl 765« 2 

A complete and very detailed Index of the work is given on 
fols. 25-175. 

Begins on fol. 15 : 

Jl _ ^ljf.1 ^P^y J^y cL>tijl±r»jt 

{David Anderson.) 



:]?4 APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

V. ANATOMY. 
416. 

Tashrlh-i-Mansurl. 

Fols. 100; 12 in. by 7iin. ; 11 lines, each 3£ in. long; written in 
large, bold, and clear Nasta'liq; various readings and occasional notes 
on tbe margin; anatomical illustrations on fols. 18a, 285, 405, 415, 
42a, 465, 47a-51a, 625-64a, 69, 96a, and 97a (all except the first, the 
last, and that on fol. 465 being full-sized) ; not dated. 

A treatise on the anatomy of the human body, also styled f^j^- ; 

jJj-aiUb or ^T A.J.\ (^.li-j^j u \.^j\ u Sj ^TjJuJ jj *JL, f by 

Mansur bin Muhammad bin Ahmad (see fol. 3a, 1. 7), who dedicated 

it to Amlr-Zadah Pir Muhammad Bahadur Khan (either the one 

grandson of Timur who was murdered a.h. 809, a.d. 1407, or the 

other grandson who ruled over Ears a.h. 796-812, a.d. 1394-1409), 

see fol. 35, 1. 3 ah infra. The author is better known by his rt-jLiLi 

*J?JUbls* (see Bodleian Cat., No. 1587 ; Ethe, I O. Cat , No. 2297 ; 

Kieu, B.M.P. Cat., p. 470 ; etc.). The present little work contains 

a muqaddimah on fol. 45, ^! cJ>Lf--uJijj Lie! i — ajyw .J ; five maqalas, 

viz., I, JAi*l! o (on bones), on fol. 13a; II, u^-wa*!! J, (on nerves), 

on fol. 29a, first line; III, cU^LixJ! J> (on muscles), on fol. 43a, 

first line ; IV, i'j.yJ! «j (on veins), on fol. 515, first line; V, ^^J^iJ! tj 

(on arteries), on fol. 645, first line ; and a Jchatimah, * L «3 - &^! jS.^ o 

\^£ r *l\ (on complex organs), on fol. 705, first line. The treatise 

practically ends on fol. 955, but on fols. 965-1 00a some items of the 

khdtimah are repeated in a somewhat condensed form (L' C^,Uc ^J 

ci^~s! )%^* -e*>')« 

Begins : 

A-*. !, ,.JiJL»- ijm LiLj c^Lj ^ Aas-j JJ-j ! , Jbl-i Ju {j*^ 1 } j**~* 

•J\ _ jLuj! u^,&L>. ,J <(£ (variant on the margin: 4X-J >:) 

See Ethe (I.O. Cat.), No. 2296, 1 ; Bodleian Cat., Nos. 1586 and 
2419; Kieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, pp. 4675 and 468a. Lithographed at 
Delhi, A,n. 1264. 



APPENDIX — PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 375 

VI. ASTRONOMY. 
417. 

Tashll-i-ZIj-i-Muhammad Shahi. 

Fol. 217; 12-f-in. by 7 fin. ; 15-22 lines in the text (on fol. 15 
26 lines), each 5\- 6^ in. long; written in careless Nasta'liq ; the first 
two leaves added by another hand on whiter paper ; full-sized tables 
on fols. 9a, 95, 11a, 12a, 235, 24a-41a, 42a-59b, 605-66a/67a-69a, 
74a-79a, 945-101a, 1035-109a, 1105-149a, 152a-\55a, 157a, 158a, 
16l5-167a, 168a, 1685, 170«-l76a, 177a, 1775, 1795-1865, 188a, 
1885, 1895, 190a, 1915-1975, 1985, 199a, 200a, 20l6-2l3a, and 
2145-2l7a; smaller tables on fols. 45, 55, 65, 7a, 85, 115, 665, 94a, 
1015, 102a-103a, 1095, 110a, 1495, 1555-1565, 1585-161a, 1675, 
169a, 1695, 1765, I78a-179a, 187a, 1875, 189a, 1905, 191a, 198a, 
1995, 201a, 2135, 214a, and 2175; fols. 23a, 415, 60a, 70a-735, 
795-81a, 935, 150a-15l5, and 2005 are left blank; not dated. 

Explanations of the astronomical tables of Muhammad Shah (drawn 
up in the reign of the Emperor Muhammad Shah, a.h. 1131-1161, 
a.d. 1719-1748) by Bin 'Azlm al-DIn Muhammad Khan 'Abdallah, 
called Maharat Khan (see fol. 25, lin. penult.). He divided his work, 
according to the statement on fol. 3a, 1. 8, into a muqaddimah and five 
maqdlas, of which, however, this copy only contains the first three. 

Muqaddimah on things most important to know before beginning 
this book (c^-«J 1&\ ^T c_>U£ ^A c^^j j\ JL^ tef\ ^Lj, J <U&JU), 
on fol. 3« in 2 matlabs. 

First maqdlah on the most current eras (Jar.\y e^i^x.* . J Jp ilUL*), 
on fol. 45, in ten bubs, viz. : (1) the Turkish, Arabic, and Persian 
names of the twelve years which formed, according to the old Turkish 
calendar, a so-called ,jj, or cycle, each year being named after an 
animal, viz., mouse, ox, leopard, hare, fish or water-dragon, snake, 
horse, sheep, ape, bird, dog, and pig ; (2) Ilahl era, that is the Ilahl- 
Shahjahani, instituted in the first year of Shahjahan's reign, a.h. 1037 
(not 1033, as is wrongly stated here on fol. 5a, 1. 2) = a.d. 1628 ; 



376 APPENDIX — PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

(3) Maliki or Malaki era, also called Jalall era, instituted by Jalal 
al-Din Malik Shah or Malak Shah the Saljuq, a.h. 471 (a.d. 1079); 

(4) Hijri era ; (5) Rumi or Greek era, instituted after the death of 
Alexander the Great ; (6 and 7) Persian or Tazdajird era ; (8) Indian 
or Samvat era; (9) Christian era; (10) a comparative table of some 
of these eras. 

Second maqulah, on the determination of the ascendant of each time 
^L^Oj^b jJlk c^i.*^ .J *j.J <0U.) on fol. 123, first line, in 22 hubs. 

Third maqulah, on the motions of the stars, and their positions in 
altitude and longitude («_^j.-«^ ^li-b-j^j . e^i^ ,j ^.-^ a!Uu 
<J\ c^liLs.^* . ^jOjZ : J^L> .J i^AAjI), on fol. 81 J, in 13 labs. 

Begins on fol. 2b : 



# 






But before this genuine preface of the work there is added on 

fols. \a~2a part of the preface to the Jili <\Zs?* ^ t ^>- if^'p in which 
the Rajput prince and Rajah of Amber, Jai Singh, embodied his 
astronomical observations, at the command of the Emperor Muhammad 
Shah, a.h. 1140-1141 (a.d. 1728), a full description of which is given 
in Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, pp. 460 and 461. This fact has misled 
Dr. (later Sir) William Hunter, of Calcutta, the donor of this MS., to 
represent the present work as the famous composition of Jai Singh, 
with which it has, in fact, nothing to do. The ,Jfc\-& J^sf* Jy,«X>- f^\ 
begins (see fol. \a here) uSaz ^L*»i\i^* ^_*j3u>. •_->» J.>- O ^U-J 
fg\ _ \j5jS , has no muqaddimah, but the same three maqdlahs as the 
present work, the subdivisions of which, however, are entirely 
different ; there are in the first maqulah four bubs instead of our ten, 
giving as current eras only those of the Hijrah, of Muhammad Shah 
(not found in our copy), of Christ, and of Samvat ; in the second, 
nineteen instead of our twenty-two ; and in the third a muqaddimah, 
four bdbs, and a Jc/iutimah, instead of our thirteen bobs. 

Cf. besides Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), loc. cit., Dr. W. Hunter's " Account 
of the Astronomical Labours of Jaya Sinha", in Asiatic Researches, 
vol. v, pp. 177-211 (with Jai Singh's preface in text and translation). 

(Sir William W. Hunter.) 



APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 377 

VII. DICTIONARY. 
418. 

Kashf al-Lughat wa al-Istilahat. 

Fols. 638; 10£-m- by 5£— 5|-in. ; written by various hands in 
different kinds of Nasta'liq, even in slight Shikasta, as on the first 
two leaves ; first hand on fols. 10-73, 77-143, 146-235, 237-257, 
262-381, and 581-588, 19 lines, each 4-4£ in. long; second hand on 
fols. 74-76, 144, 145, 236, 258-261, and 382-572, 21-23 lines, each 
4;Mf in- long; third hand on fols. 573-580 and 604-619, 21 lines, 
each 4|-in. long; fourth hand on fols. 3-9, 589-603, and 625-638, 
19-23 lines, each 4 in. long; fifth hand (as it seems) on fols. 620-624, 
21 lines, each 4j~4i in. long ; sixth hand, in Shikasta, on fols. 1 and 2, 
17-20 lines, each 4|in. long ; headings in red (especially in the part 
written by the second hand, but also in some other parts), and like- 
wise the words of the dictionary; a few various readings and notes on 
the margin ; water spots throughout; some injuries repaired; bound 
in cloth, with the title and the author's name in gilt letters on the 
back of the binding ; not dated. 

A famous Persian dictionary, chiefly for the purpose of explaining 
the terminology of the Sufis, by 'Abd al-Eahlm bin Ahmad Sur, of 
Bihar (see fol. la, 1. 3), who flourished about a.h. 950 (a.d. 1543) ; 
also styled ^.l^J *-^>-JJi <Ju£. Isvl < mm £jbJs . It is arranged in this 
way : the first letter constitutes the bub, the last the fast . 

Begins : 

(read ijLa *) LZJ^La j Sas- Sxj \2»\ . • . . ( ^ r *JU!l Cj. <u! S^\ 

'J\ _ \Jull /»^^-j ^\pA\ i_a**^ *Xj Jo^** 

Cf. Ethe (I.O. Cat.), Nos. 2465-2468; Bodleian Cat., Nos. 1721- 
1724; Rieu (B.M.P. Cat.), ii, p. 495 seq. ; Pertsch (Berlin Cat.), 
pp. 224 and 225 ; Paris, Suppl. persan, Nos. 424 and 425 ; Mehren 
(Copenhagen Cat.), p. 25; Aumer (Munich Cat.), p. 107; E. G. 
Browne (Cambridge Cat.), p. 228 ; Haj. Khal., v, p. 214, No. 10751. 
See for further references Ethe, loc. cit. ; printed Calcutta, a.h. 1264. 



378 APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

VIII. TALES. 
419. 

Anwar-i-Suhaili. 

Fols. 507; 9f in. by 6f in. ; 15 lines, each 3£in. long; written in 
jNasta'liq by two different hands, the second on whiter paper on 
fols. 160-169 and 386-507 ; as far as fol. 159 the pages are bordered 
by small stripes of various colours ; worm-eaten from fol. 194 on; 
severely injured in many places from fol. 362 on ; not dated. 

Another copy of Husain bin 'All al-"Wa'iz al-Kashifi's (died a.h. 910, 
a.d. 1505) Persian version of Kalilah u Dimnab, slightly defective at 
the beginning (the first leaf appears to be missing) ; see No. 339 above. 
Of the fourteen bobs into which the work is divided, only nine are 
marked in the text ; the headings of the remaining five must be 
supplied from the index on fols. 8a and 8b. 

Bab. Fol. Heading. 

I. 51« (wanting iu the index) clcx—-! \\ ^JyiJ u—Ai£^-l ,j 

II. 139*, J^Ai) c^JsU C^..li_y Jij^^l ^V. lH < j 
first line 

III. 187a ,.,L-j.J L^JLjl.,* (wanting in the index) ».ii^ ,0 

(correctlyin the index, luXJ\x,*) »^jX<sl.L* ^Ws* 

IV. 227a i)\y>-\ j\ \j&J± <Ua.;=~L. (the index adds ^L-j) .J 
» .Ls$ \\ (index (^O^J) ul>».> lj L1 »-*-'i_j ^---A-iJ 
^jIaLj! (wanting in the index) <&?>- 
V. 286b )\ j (index, i^S^i Jilc) jjJj ;.. c^iir C-Jt-^« .J 

VI. 312a (wanting in the index) ^U,-ij Jw.-.s.*-' L^-it ,J 



VI II. Mia 
last line 



APPENDIX — PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 379 

Bab. For.. Heading. 

VII. 323b ^b yol*. <d-^ ij \ac| ^ibj^JJj ^ J J 

(index, lj^ ^Ib ;l ^oil) ^1=^ aLisT .) 

*-j jJLs*. c_—>L' . \ ;l (index adds ^j£) \\:±»~\ ,J 

c'^r! ' (JH^J fJ^Uoilj (wanting in the index) 

(index, (jLuLj! J tjt^*J lJ jU^l j) ^iJ»/*jLi 

IX. 36o£ ^,<«i/»L« <l£ (index adds _.*_><Xj,) ijLe L^-J-^i_i ,J 

Li^-jl ^j^ crr^rr: 

The headings of the last five bubs, according to the index, are : 
Bab. Heading. 

X. ^UlC J,-.-^ JU^ Jiy>. y L> J j 

XI. ^JoL« \[> Jyi- .l£ ;1 j jjJu»Jil> u,ij)il c^>T«a^ ,0 

XII. oL"L c^~ 5 j ,^jj Jjs- euL-sai ,j 

XIII. jAi Jj^ J J jl (JJjL* tjJj^J L-Aasy-1 uW J J 

XIV. 
First words : 



,jjj ^a-'^ i^ (_£-:' * i^jUj C_?iiulj ClAibll *Ai ,J 



J1- 

c 



(J.. Seton.) 



381 



FURTHER ADDITIONS. 



I. PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 



420. 

Rauzat al-Ahbab. 

Fols. 600; 10 in. by -6£ in. ; first 380 fols. 23 lines, each 4 in. to 
the page, thereafter 19 lines, each 5£in. ; clear Nasta'liq ; another 
hand from fol. 380 on ; first 380 fols. red-lined round margins ; 
copyist of first part Tayyib b. Shaikh Husain ; copying of second part 
completed a.h. 1027 (a.d. 1617). 

This copy contains the 3 maqsads. Haqsad II, which is incomplete, 
begins fol. 3815. Maqsad III begins abruptly (fol. 5715) with an 
account of Husain and ends with Muhammad b. Hasan b. 'All 
b. M. b. 'All. 

For notices vide supra, No. 191. 

421. 

Gulistan. 
Fols. 24; 9 in. by &\ in. ; 14 lines, each 4^ in. long; written in 
Nasta'liq; not dated. 

This MS. contains the first chapter of the Gulistan of Sa'di. 

422. 

Gulistan. 
Fols. 21; 9 in. by 6 in. ; 12 lines, each 4 in. long; written in 
Nasta'Kq ; not dated. 

Contains the first chapter only of the Gulistan of Sa'di. 



382 APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 

423. 

mUauU 

Gulistan. 

Pols. 18 ; 8^- in. by 6£ in. ; 16 lines, each 4 in. long; headings, etc., 
in red ; not dated. 

This MS. contains the first chapter of the Gulistan of Sa'di. 

424. 

«y -J J" 

Yusuf-u Zulaikha. 
Fols. 191 ; 9^ in. by 1\ in. ; 11 lines in two central columns, each 

2 in. long; written in ordinary Nasta'llq, with headings in red; 
a number of heading spaces left blank ; 2 folios at the end are wanting ; 
damp-stained ; badly damaged in parts towards the end and repaired ; 
bound in red leather; not dated. 

Another copy of Jaml's poem ; begins as No. 294 supra and breaks 
off at the conclusion of the twenty-third line from the end. 

The donor says that the MS. was acquired in Orissa in 1865 during 
the famine there. " One day a man came and offered me the book for 
sale and said he was obliged to sell it to buy food." 

For notices vide No. 294 supra. 

Rampini {?). 

425 6. 

Zubur-i Da'ud. 

Pp. 164; Psalms of David in Persian; printed at Calcutta 1816. 
This is the translation into Persian of the Psalms on the basis of the 
Hebrew by the missionary, Eev. Henry Martyn, of Shiraz. 

Bound up with it is a MS., fols. 173 ; 7 in. by 5 in. ; 10 lines, each 

3 in. long; headings and verse numbers in red; doubled red line 
round margins and headings. 

Another and different Persian translation of the Psalms. 

J. E. Thomson (.?). 



APPENDIX PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS. 383 

427. 

Ta'rlkh Rauzat al-Safa. 

Fols. 5; 10£in. by 6i in. ; 17 lines, each Z\ in. long, written in 
clear Nasta'liq ; dated year thirty-two (hundreds not given) ; copyist. 
Shaikh Mahmtid 'Adil. 

Four consecutive folios and one other folio from above work. 

For notices vide supra 186-8. 

428. 

'Alf Kalimah Tayyib. 

Fol. 1 ; 8|-in. by 5^ in. ; 9 lines, each 3^- in. long; proof texts in 
large Naskh, rest in Nasta'liq. 

A fragment of the Lam section of a series of 1,000 notable texts 
from the Quran. 

II. ARABIC. 



429. 

'Uyun al-'Anba' fl Tabaqat al-'Atibba. 

Fols. 4; 8 in. by 6£ in. ; 22 lines, each 4i in. long; written in 
unformed Naskh ; occidental hand ; unbound; undated. 

A fragment of MS. containing part of the preface and first chapter 
of the work on the lives of physicians by Ahmad b. al-Qasim b. Abu 
Usaibi'ah (i.*-.-^) al-Sa'di al-KhazrajI. His work was composed 
in 643. He died a.h. 668 (1270). 

The fragment begins : 
. . . «_jL,*dl ( i .Jl>\ ^s* t_^U2ji ^u-fl c^ilj L*5 &j\s 4X*j * 

The index, which is found in this work at the conclusion of the 
preface, has been here omitted. 

The MS. ends: 

*A_k *Lc &?r* ^—^ <_1^ ij— •* i^j^—^i ^ ^ ^^) "^^ u"*J 

See B.M.A. Cat., pp. 179, 593, 684; Suppl., No. 647; Brockelmann, i, 
p. 326; ed. by A. M tiller, Konigsberg, 1884. 



14- oo C^~ioUi~lr<Jr*A .rYt^^^trJr. 






U' 



Ml 

^ 3 t+ I 

u-u-4 f-«~~c".d ^-K-^- '&*?■*«: %*' 



385 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA 

TO THE ARABIC' MANUSCRIPTS. 



1. 

According to Al-Yafi'i, B. died 692. An earlier date than that even 
is probable. Delete ... 1. 19. For other literature vide Brock elrnann, 
i, p. 416/. 

2-3. 

p. 1, 1. 12, read : Hadr b. 'A'ta'-allah (see fol. 316 and . . . ). . 
1. 17, add after green : (see fol. 3a, 11. 8, 9), . . . 

4. 

p. 2, 1. 29. The work is furnished with a complete index and is 
preceded by petitions to be read at " opening " and " sealing " of the 
ladith. 

p. 3, 1. 1, begins: _ l_A' . . . <k\.\\ *^j ^.lisrM ^s^ <— ^ 

• • • i — ^ 
1. 6, add: printed at Bulaq, 1282; Cairo, 1305, 1307, 1312; 
DehlT, 1270; Bombay, 1269, etc. Vide Brockelmann, i, p. 157/. 

5. 

p. 3, 1. 32. For additional literature vide Brockelmann, i, p. 357. 

6. 

p. 4, 1. 18. For 1415 read 1015; and add "or by his brother, 
Al-Murtada Abu-'l-Qasim 'All b. Tahir (d. a.h. 436, 
a.T). 1044)". 
1. 20, read : fol. bb. 
1. 21, read al-Kutub for al-Khitab. 
For additional literature, vide Brockelmann, i, p. 405. 

7. 

p. 5, 1. 2, add: 1st vol., completed 8, Zu '1-Hijjah, 1190; 2nd vol , 
completed 6, Jumada 'l-'tJla, 1193; copyist Muhammad 
Sa'Id al-Tabatl (?). 

25 



386 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

p. 5, 1. 9. The index is incomplete. 

11. 9-10, add : In the conclusion it is stated that the book took 
four years and eight months to compose, viz. from the month E-ajab of 
a.h. 644, to Safar of 649. 

For additional notices vide Brockelraann, i, p. 405, B.M.A. 1675-7. 

8. 

p. 5, 1. 21, add: "Colophon in Persian". 
1. 26, read : Al-Amidi al-Tamiml. 
1. 29, read : ss^s^yu LLai . . . 





9. 


p. 6, 1. 


11, for 49 read 56. 


11. 


14-15, insert: fol. 465 ^A\ 


11. 


16-17 ,, fol. 97fl sbjJl. 


1. 


17, read: ^Uj^. 


1. 


23, „ Jj% 



11. 25-6, insert: fol. 1385 u-aJJjM. 
11. 26-7 ,, fol. 157« i-ijA\. 
11. 27-8 „ fol. 1655 il\jA\. 

1. 29, read : 174«. 
p. 7,11. 9-10, insert : fol. 2215 u^j'lLiM. 
11. 10-11 ,, fol. 229« g\f%\. 

1. 12, read: 2a ^jiUll. 

1. 13 ,, i_^w)\. 

1.27 „ UUJ1. 

1.28 „ ^A\. 

10. 

p. 8, 11. 19-20, add: The author states {vide fol. 229«) that the 
work was completed on the 27th day of Jumada-l- Saniya of the year 
969, and the time occupied in its composition was six months " leaving 
out of account the days when fever-stricken". He died on 8th 
Rajab, 970 (4th March, 1563). 

p. 8, 1. 20, insert ^J^j after <0J, and *jLc after <Xz- 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 387 

11-12. 

p. 9, 1. 1, add after " pages" : according to colophon in Persian, 
p. 9, ]. 7, insert: According to colophon at end of vol. i, the 
composition of the work was concluded on the 11th Sha'abun, 1090. 
The transcription was made in 1175. According to colophon at end 
of vol. ii, it was completed in Ramadan of that year, 
p. 9, 1. 9, read : c^LLJIj. 

1. 11, insert XjAjA\j after <f*+s\- 

1. 13, read *L*a^ instead of ++d\ , and J t4 XsM instead of 

1- 17, read <sj\jj<A\ for lZj\j^\ . 
I. 22 „ ^ for^Ji. 

13. 

p. 10, 1. 2, read: Al-Yasiri (cf. fol. 142a). 
For date, see Colophon, fol. 301a. 
p. 10, 11. 9, 10, 11, read : Ifuly . 
1. 15, read : t->Ua£2l. 

14. 

p. 10, 1. 24, instead of al-Ihsani, read prohably al-'Ahani (cf. 
fol. 211). 

I. 27, read "twelve" instead of "eleven ". 

II. 29-30 insert: fol. 375 Lf\ j—jUS". 
p. 11, 1. 12, read <51ju«^ instead of <xlli^ 

15. 

p. 11, 1. 23. Copyist probably an European. 

At the end of the MS. there is the note "20th Feb. 1799. On 
13th of Ramzan Mabaruk 1213, finished the first or rough 
transcription of this Digest of Mahummudan Law. J. Baillie ". 

p. 12, 1. 1. Or rather Siraj al-T)Tn ? Read "seventeen" for 
"twelve". 

1. 3, read : <ti>j .-£> . 
1. 5, „ fol. 1055. 



388 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 



Insert the following hubs which have been overlooked: — 

fcwdjl! 169a, tt\jj\ 1925,^*11 228a, ^\j <_>M 304a, i*jLiJI 

332a. The 5<i5 <L~a£\ which comes between <L^J1 and ^--ijJji J^*- 5 - 

(#iok No. 386 infra) has been omitted. 

A few blank folios have been left at its place as if it had been 

intended to insert it later. 

16. 

p. 12, 1. 22. This work is apparently a digest. It appears to 
be part ii (cf. Preface to Index) and deals with contracts 
(j»iix). It comprises ten chapters (c_->l^), with an index. 
1. Sj\sft\ (la). 2. J>j&\j ^JdJ! (855). 3. ^J\ (1075). 
4. (J jAd\ (134a). 5.j^A\ (161a). 6. JuJi\ (174a). 
7. J^\ (1975). 8. KJaII (209a). 9. jjoJ/Hj tojldd\ (230a). 
10. sliWMj &£j\jA\ (257a). 

17. 

p. 13, 1. 8. Fols. 198 and 1*-10*. 

This volume is a collection of manuscript material utilised in the 
composition of digests Nos. 15 and 16. Clear Naskh, except 1*— 10* ; 
apparently three hand writings ; numerous notes ; damaged slightly 
by insects; no date on any of the MSS. 

1. Fols. la-9a, 5L*J! ( = 16 fols. 2655-755). 

lla-175, Uj\yA\ ( = 16 fols. 257a-655). 
lV-2*5, &\&\ (= 16 fols. 190«-975). 
3*a-10*5, fjo^j *J .ldA\ C = 16 fols. 230a-575). 
19a-255, J6».\ ( = 16 fols. 2685-755). 
27a-49a, ^^ . 



3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 

7. 



9. 
10. 

11. 
12. 



50a— 535, CLs\Ju&\j yv ^FA j ^xJ 1 . 

54a-735, &A*}\j J^\. 

74a-118a, -O. 

1225-36a, *^j h^\ (cf- 15 fols. 201a-195) 

137a-405, c^ISaJIj i-Jy^. 

1435-56a, SO (cf. 15 fols. 2205-355). 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 389 

13. Fols. l57a-8Sb, u-WjSl. 

14. „ 1843-98J, ioJjll. 

Nos. 1-8, 13, contain what would appear to be portions of the 
text of <L^>-\^i\ <ui!l ; Nos. 9-10, 14, the text as amended for the 
digests; Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5 and 13 (as far as fol. 165) have had the 
portions of the text to be deleted scored out ; Nos. 3 and 4 are rough 
transcripts, No. 6 apparently being the original for No. 4. The 
volume concludes 

18. 

p. 14, 1. 5, read ^s^ls instead of ^i,*L«. 

19. 

p. 14, 1. 14, read: Jarir. 

1. 25. According to the manuscript, fol. 242a, 11. 18/. 
Marwan was slain at a village in Egypt. 

1. 20, insert Jjl Ji" J.-JJ after Jj^M, and <U^»~, for <S^«>:>- ,. 
For additional notices see Brockelmann, i, pp. 142/. 

20. 

p. 15, 1. 29, read: Salih. 

11. 34, 36, read : Manujihr. 
p. 16, 1. 2, read Sanhuiib for Suhrub ; read : Bukhtanassar . 

1. 5, ,, Jihr-zad. 
11. 13, 14, 19, read: Hurmuzd. 

1. 15, read Al-Aisam for Al-Aslm. 

1. 18, insert before Nushirwan, "and Kings of Abyssinia." 

1. 20, read: al-Munzir. 

1. 22, read £m£ for 5. after Azarmi ; 7wr ioxhis. 
p. 17, 1. 14, read : Ghaznln. 

11. 16-17, read: 'IaJIj 43b. 
For additional notices vufo Brockelmann, ii, p. 200. 

21. 

For additional notices vide Brockelmann, i, p. 327. 



4 --j U.i^ ioli J^aiuil 



390 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

22. 

The MS. breaks off ^ ^T/^J f^ J^ 

. . . jLtiJ 

23. 

p. 19, 1. 6, read o» for o/; read : Talhah. 

For additional notices vide Brockelmann, ii, p. 42. 

24. 

p. 19, 1. 20, read: Shalabl. 

The alphabetical lists begin fol. 50J (i aM <—>Ij). 

For additional notices vide Brockelmann, ii, p. 428. 

25. 

The title of the work (see folio 88i) is given as ^'sh *-,+\£±\ 
hdki-V^t h»S§\ o^O jL*. The title is usually given without ^*&- 

This volume consists of portions of the above work. Four 
manuscripts have been utilised. A note on folio \b leads us to 
infer that the work was in three parts each consisting of 120 folios, 
at least so far as the MS. of which folio 1 is a part is concerned. 

(a) Folio 1 is the concluding page of the second part of that work. 

The copyist was Al-Hajj Ibrahim b. al- Shaikh 'Abd al-Rahman b. 
al-Naqiq of the city of Arka. The transcription of that part was 
completed in Bajab, 960 a.h. 

(5) Folios 2a-73b and 78«-885 are in the same hand and have 22 
lines to the page. This MS. is not dated, but a note states it was in 
possession of Ibrahim al-Sabba gh (the dyer) b. al- Hajj 'All al-ShafTI 
in a.h. 1068. 

(c) Folios 74a-77b are in a different hand on a different kind of 
paper, and have 25 lines to the page. 

(d) Folios 89«-103 in yet another hand with 27 lines to the page. 
Such leaves as belonged to MS. b have at some time or other 

become disarranged, and have not been re-arranged before binding. 
Of the treatise on medicaments arranged in their alphabetical order, we 
have here folios 2a— 9b (l— -.»• to . . . j£-) ; 10a-l7b ('. to ^o,) ; 
\8a-2Sb (j>. toj*^.) ; 29a-47§ (jj to ^j) ; 48a-575 {j to <Jj); 
58a-73b {^oj to^j) ; 78«-885 (jj to ^jj). 
MS. c ( . : to i__ i\) is appropriately inserted. 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 391 

MS. d begins with the letter <jw and proceeds as far as ^.Cj where 
it breaks off. 

Diya, al-DIn was born at Malaga and journeyed for bis botanical 
researches through Egypt, Asia Minor, and Greece. Thereafter he held 
the post of chief botanist to al-Malik al-Kamil at Damascus, where 
he died a.h. 646. 

For additional notices vide Brockelmann, i, p. 492. 

26. 

p. 21, 1. 6, delete c yayA\ eA^j and read <L*L^ for A^i\ . 

1. 14. For eight read nine. 

1. 15. Insert: 1055. 
For additional notices vide Brockelmann, ii, p. 211. 

27. 

This work (see its preface) is entitled <__>L*.sM_j A^^^l' J^' 
JV,*^ (jwJu-Lj! ,J1 t_J>j**-i^ . It is explained that the 
work is based on the editions of Al-Hajjaj and Sabit. In 
Al-Hajjaj's there were 468 propositions, and in the work of Sabit ten 
more. In the present work there are 469. The diagrams taken 
from Sabit are in red, and from Al-Hajjaj in black. 

The number of propositions in each book is as follows : — 

1 = 47; 11= 14; III = 35; IV = 16; V = 25; VI = 32; VII = 
39, VIII = 25; IX = 38; X = 105; XI = 41; XII =15; XIII = 
21; XIV = 10; XV = 6. 

[Al-Hajjaj is probably Al-Hajjaj b. Yusuf b. Matar al-Hasib 
(fl. c. 214 a.h.) whose book of Euclid is extant in Codex Leidensis, 
399, vide Brockelmann, i, p. 203. 

Sabit is probably Abu '1-Hasan Sabit b. Qurra al-Sabl, a famous 
mathematician (d. a.h. 288, a.d. 901), vide Brockelmann, i, p. 217.] 

On the work vide Brockelmann, i, p. 510 (23). 

See also infra, MS. No. 392- 

28. 

p. 22, 1. 30, read: CjUjj^k*. 

1. 13, ., Makhrutat. 
p. 23, 1. 5, ,. (jjj*ajJj\. 



392 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

p. 23, 1. 26, read tuli^J / i-' K, : . 

1. 37, ,, Radi. 

p. 24, 1. 2, ,, as one word cyus«..sE*M . 

1. 3, ,, (jm\j instead of ^j\. , and te^-s* instead of 

1. 6, „ <L^,, eJJ * J ^K J U>J Jy\.. 

29. 

This MS. is entitled \sua\\ u^rU lies?. 

The Ikhwan al-Safa was the name assumed by a band of philosophic 
writers (free thinkers) who associated in Basra in the middle of the 
fourth cent. a.h. Included in their number were Abu SulaimanM. b. 
Mushir al-Bustl, Al-MuqqadasI, Abu-al-Hasan 'All b. Harun al- 
Zanja.ni, etc. Their treatises, 51 in all [Risail lljhwan al-Safa), 
achieved great popularity both in their own time and subsequently. 
See E. Hungerford, The Arabian Brothers of Purity, Andover Review, 
1888, pp. 281-93; F. Dieterici, Die Abhandlungen der Ikhwan as- 
Safa in Answahl, Leipzig, 1883, also his Streit zivischen Mensch und 
Tier, Berlin, 1858. Published, 4 vols., Bombay, 1303-6, etc. Fide 
Brockelmann, i, p. 214. 

p. 24, 1 23, read: *jT ^j S^\ CLid\y . 

30. 

For further notices vide Brockelmann, ii, p. 417. 

31. 

The composition of the work was completed between a.h. 513 and 
515 (a.d. 1119-1121) and is divided into four sections. 
I. f l^-j^ <_S (nomina) begins fol. 8 1. 
II. jUiM J (verbs) ,, ,, ,, 1440. 
III. i_ j» *s\ <-£ (particles) ,, ,, 1765 
IV. <lSj^jld\ ti (what is shared in common), begins fol. 2135. 

In d$y-*u/*!i the author explains he includes such questions as 
a3U^, i— ftSjH, */*4\ i— a-issr*, ^Ul 'UbSI, etc. 

The MS. concludes with a discussion of forms of assimilation, 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. '693 



r 



For additional notices vufc Brockelmann, i, p. 291. 

32. 

p. 27, 1. 15, read : Muhammad 'Akram al-Khalq. 
For additional notices vide Brockelmann, i, p. 305. 

33. 



Begins 






















~B~jb 




and continues o 




cy' 


by 




A: 


\ y&\\ 


Jo»J. 



^1 . . . LjU 

For additional notices vide Brockelmann, i, p. 304. 

34. 

p. 28, 1. 19, read: fob. 302. 

In the preface the author states that he began a work on this 
subject in Mecca in the year 749, but it and other work suffered by 
his removal to Cairo (i.e. as Professor of Tafsir in the Qubbat 
al-Mansurlya). In the year 756 (i.e. when he changed over from 
the Shafi'ite position to the Hanbalite) lie returned to Mecca and 
took up the work a second time " with the prime of diligence, with 
no laziness nor dilatoriness ". 

The work is divided into eight sections, as follows (headings of 
sections as given under No. 35) : — 

i begins fol. 3b; ii, fol. 176«; iii, fol. 2013; iv, fol. 2105; 
v, fol. 2376; vi, fol. 2796; vii, fol. 285a; viii, fol. 2885. 

In the margin of this MS. we have quotations from a number of 
commentators. Each marginal comment has attached to it the name 
of the commentator. The commentators include Al-Shumunni (d. 872), 
Al-Damamini (d. 827), Al-SuyutI (d. 911), and Shaikh 'Abd al-'Alif 
Al-Shumunni is the one most frequently quoted. Marginal com- 
ments are not found after fol. 224J (middle of section IV). 

36. 

p. 29, 1. 25, read: ^J JJ^j U. 



394 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

p. 29, 1. 27, read ^ J and for U>,jmj read [b.^j. 

1. 30, „ LaJ. 
The chapters begin : 

I, fol. 4a; 11,1765; 111,2023; IV, 210a; V, 2425; VI, 302a ; 
VII, 3105; VIII, 3155. 
For notices see No. 34- 

36. 

p. 30, 1. 12, read phonology for etymology. 

1. 15, add after <__>l^.G! : i~J\.£?i\ As. ij i iLjLaJ". 

37. 

The MS. is not dated. The composition of the work was completed 
in Ramadan of the year 1150. 

It concludes with a chapter on metre, begins fol. 147a. 

p. 30, 1. 28, for ka! read Iks). 

38. 

The last four folios of this MS. are damaged at one corner and the 
text destroyed. 

p. 31, 1. 9, read: Isfara'ini. 

i. io, „ ^\jsJi\. 

1. 17, ,, for ivhen combined, etc., rather thus lohen pieced 

together it begins. 
1. 19 ,, <—r>)*& ^y* C^t-.-l^' L» Jx, 
1. 24 ,, Lais. 

1. 25 ,, <Ul>M for ij\&>\. 

The work consists of four parts together with an introduction. 

I, Introd.,fol. 4a. II, uAjc'i] d, fol. 355. III,^--*^ <-^«J! J, 
fol. 435. IV, J^UM J, fol. 244a. V, c-^cM ^^dsJUll J, 
fol. 2985. 

For notices vide Brockelmann, i, p. 296. 

39-40. 

Nos. 39-40 are printed books, printed at Calcutta, 1802. 
Vol. I, 1. Abu Bakr 'Abd al-Qaher b. 'Abd al-Rahman al-Jurjam 
was a pupil of Abu al-Husain al-Farisi, d. a.h. 471 (1078). At least 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 395 

ten commentaries on this work in Arabic are known. Vide 
Brockelmann, i, p. 287. 

Vol. I, 2. On this commentary vide B.M.A. Suppl., 930 (ii), 
935 (iii), etc. 

Vol. I, 3. On this vide Brockelmann, i, p. 293. B.M.A. Suppl., 
930 (i), 934 (vi), etc. Abu al-Fath Nasirb. 'Abd al-Saiyid al-Mutarrizi, 
born in Khwurizm a.h. 538 (1143), the same year that Al-Zamakhshail 
died. Hence he was known as ^JLs^jA AkAs>~. He died a.h. 610 
(1213). 

Vol. II. For the life of Al-Hajib vide Brockelmann, i, p. 303. 

41. 

p. 32, 1. 30. For Fols. 152 read 153. 

This MS. is a commentary on the Talkhls al-Miftah of Jamal 
al-DIn M. b. 'Abd al-Iiahman al-QazwIni (d. a.h. 739 (1338)), itself 
an extract from the Miftah al-'Ulum of Siraj al-DIn Yusuf b. Abl 
Bekr al-Sakkakl {d. a.h. 626 (1229)). The author of our MS., Sa'd 
al-Din Mas'ud b. 'Omar al-Taftazani, explains in his preface that he 
had already written a commentary on the Talkhis al-Miftah (evidently 
Al- Shark al-Mutawtval; cf. Brockelmann, i, p. 295), but yielding to 
strong entreaty he prepared this shorter commentary. This work 
appears to be generally known under the title Al-Sharh al-Mulchtasar 
(cf. Brockelmann, i, p. 295). It was completed in a.h. 789 (1387). 

Al-Taftazani was born a.h. 722 (1322) at Taftazan. He was 
brought to Samarqand at the instance of Tiuiur. He died a.h. 791 
(1389); cf. Brockelmann, ii, p. 215. 

p. 33, 1. 7. Instead of " The work is divided ", etc., read " The 
parts of the -I^jUJI u^s" are dealt with as follows : 

I, L*&'i*W, fol. 4a. II, ^iU^ i_s, fol. \la, etc. 

p. 33, 1. 12, read : 51a instead of 52a. 
1. 13, ,, 56a ,, 57a. 

1.14, „ 62* ,. 63J and read : 5 lU^. 
1. 18, ,, 1233 ,, 123a. 

The marginal notes are mainly from CalabI ( ( -J~>- = Hasan al 
Fanarl, d. 886 (1481). Others labelled al-Mutawtval, Shaikh al- 
Islum, Sihcih, etc. 

For notices vide Brockelmann, i, p. 295 ; ii, p. 215, etc. 



-596 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

42. 

p. 33, 1. 31, read: Munkhafa for Khdfl. 

This MS. is imperfect, one or more folios are wanting between 
folios 420 and 421. 

p. 34, 1. 7, read: five folios, and ten other. 
1. 8. The index is incomplete. 

The ten authors of whom account is given in the MS. are (1) 
Safl al-Dln al-Halabi (?). The folio or folios for this are wanting. 
The date of his death alone is given at beginning of folio 421 ; 
(2) Shams al-DIn b. Jabir al-AndalusI, 420a; (3) Abu Ja'far 
al-Faranatl, 421a; (4) 'Izz al-Dln al-Mausili, 420* ; (5) Abu Bekr 
Taqi al-DIn b. Hijjah, 4215; (6) Safl al-DIn al-Hilli, 422a; (7) 
Isma'Il b. al-Muqarri (?), 423«; (8) Jalal-al-Dln al-Suyutl, 4235 ; (9) 
Wajih al-Dln al-'AlawI, 4245; (10) <Abd al-Qadir al-Tabarl, 425a. 

The author was born at Medina a.h. 1053 (1642), and held the 
appointment of Khan and Dlwanl in BurhanpQr under Aurangzlb. 
He died a.h. 1104(1692). 

There are a few marginal notes on the MS. labelled Al-Sa'Id. 

43. 

p. 34, 1. 23, read for "It is stated ", etc., " Al-Tabarl inserted it 
together with an account of the circumstances of its composition on 
the authority of Abu al-Salt al-HarawT." 

The poet Di'bil was born a.h. 148 (765) and died a.h. 246 (860), 
vide Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary, MacGukin de Slanc, 
pp. 507^"., Brockelmann, i, pp. 78/. 

p. 34, 1. 27, read : *r\y . 

44. 

This MS. has numerous marginal corrigenda, giving evidence of 
hasty transcription. 

p. 35, 1. 6, read : Al-Tughra'I. 

For an account of Al-Safadi vide Brockelmaun, ii, p. 31/1, and for 
Al-Tn gh ra'T, Brockelinann, i, p. 246 ff. 

46. 

p. 35, 1. 18, read: 962 (a.b. 1554). 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 397 

p. 35, 1. 26, read; (second shatr) . . . MJL* ^ lJj^ ^»^ ll^^-j.^. 

The full title is Al-Kaivakib al-durriya fl madh Ichair al-larlya, 
but it is generally known as Qasldat al-burdah. 

This qasidah has been several times published with translations in 
a number of languages. Vide Brockelmann, i, pp. 264/. ; B.M. A . Cat., 
p. 765, etc. 

46. 

This is a printed book. 

47. 

p. 36, 1. 15, read: ^j^^\. 

1. 16, ,, Al-Musawl. 

1. 20, ,, Hence the Dlwan is usually known as Diwan 

b. Ma'tGq. 
1. 24. The parts are found I = folios 4«-1145 ; II = 1 \ia- 

119* ; 111= 119i-132«. 
1. 30, read: _ \*\i instead of ,— ^[3. 

Shihab al-Din al-MusawI al-HuwaizI lived at Basra in poor 
circumstances, until he gained the favour of Sayyid 'All Khan 
al-MusawI. 

The occasion and date of each poem is given in a heading. The 
opening poem in praise of the Prophet is dated 1063. 

The D'uvan has been lithographed at Alexandria, a.h. 1290 ; Cairo, 
a.h. 1278; printed at Cairo, a.h. 1302; Beyrout, 1835. Vide 
Brockelmann, ii, p, 372, etc. 

48. 

p. 37, 1. 5. The date given is that of the completion of the work, 
not the date of the MS. The MS. is not dated. 
1. 9, 'Alamgir, i.e. Aurangzib. 

1. 18, for Babylonia and Asia Minor read Bahrain and 
S. Mesopotamia. 
This work was produced as a supplement to the RaihunaJt of 
Al-KhafajT. 

Cf. B.M.A. Cat., p. 743a (No. 1647). 



398 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

49. 

p. 38, 1. 12, read; <L.liUM. 

1. 13, insert \j\ after i?.*aJt . 

50. 

p. 31, 1. 21. Many of the notes are labelled Mas'udl. 
For additional notices vide Brockelmann, i, pp. 276 ff. 

51. 

This number is appropriated to a printed book, containing the first 
30 maqumahs of Al-Harlri. The whole work was first printed at 
Calcutta (1809-14) in three volumes, of which this is the first. The 
maqatndt, according to the title-page, were collated " with eight 
Arabian manuscript copies and corrected for the press by Molovees 
Allah Daud and Jaun Alee ". Vide Ellis, Arabic Books in B.M., i, 
p. 829. 

62. 

p. 39, 1. 18. The transcription was made at Lucknow according 
to a note on the title page. 
1. 21, read: \s\jA\. 
1. 22, ,, A-Ji^u*^. 
In the first part of the MS. the words to be commented upon are 
written in red ink, but in the concluding folios attention is drawn to 
them by merely writing the waio that precedes them in red. 

53. 

p. 40, 1. 2, read : dated Basra, a.h. 1073. 

1, 3, ,, al-Jaza'iri. 

1. 16, ,, A~j . »jLc -Jis Jli. 
For additional notices vide Brockelmann, ii, p. 56. 

54. 

p. 40, 1. 28. The MS., which is worm-holed, is dated a.h. 1085 
(1673). The date is given on fol. 432 at the end of the fourth part. 
The transcription of the whole work was completed on the 5th Safar 
of the same year. 

The Kashkul, or "beggar's bowl", contains Persian as well as 
Arabic extracts. 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 399 

p. 41, 1. 12, read: l$J! instead of LJ\. 

For additional notices vide Brockelmann, ii, p. 414/. 

55-56. 

Printed Books. 

57. 

The MS. ends with an additional note that when Laila died, 
Majnun went to ask her tribe concerning her grave, hut they refused 
to reveal it, so he smelled the earth of every grave until he snielled 
the earth of her grave and knew. Then he composed the following: 

58-59. 

Printed Books. 

60. 
p. 43, 1. 8, read: JEil)!. 

1. 9, ,, al-Lughah. 

For additional notices vide Brockelniann, i, p. 285. 

61. 
p. 44, 1. 9, read: *-+asT. 
1. 10, ,, *U*J1. 

62. 

This is a famous zoological dictionary, alphabetically arranged. 
It treats of the etymology of the names, the significance of the 
animals in the Quran, tradition, ancient poetry, and proverbs, and 
their place in medicine and superstition. It begins with the lion 

(&~>\) and ends with the bee, or rather king of the bees (< ?»-uou). 

The work is found in three recensions — large (^(11), medium 
( < Js^i^\), and small ( ( __^ r vJU. The edition before us is 
^Cj-jjl. Prefixed to it is a bibliograhy of 560 books in prose and 
197 in verse. A half-folio containing part of this list is missing. 

Por additional notices vide Brockelniann, ii, p. 138. 

63. 

p. 45, 1. 7. I can find no mention of Mecca. 
For additional notices vide Brockelmann, ii, p. 183. 



400 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

64. 

p. 45, 1. 22, read: a.h. 1096 (a.d. 1684). 

65. 

p. 46, 1. 2, read: Jawad Sabat. 

Jawad Sabat, afterwards Nathaniel Sabat, translated the New 
Testament into Ai - abic, assisted by S. M. Thomason, for the British 
and Foreign Bible Society. It was published in Calcutta in 1816. 



II. 

147. 

Dated the month of Barmahat (March) of the year 1124 (?), era of 
Martyrs (a.d. 1408); copyist, the priest Fadl-allah al-'Asmar. 

This MS. contains the four gospels with the Ammonian sections 
and Eusebian canons. The Gospels Matthew, Luke, and John have 
introductions. According to a statement on fol. 202a, it is a 
recension based on a number of old MSS. — Syriac, Greek, Coptic, 
and Arabic. 

148. 

The copyist was Yaqut Mu'jiz Qalam. 

On the fly-leaf is written Aj J-S*" 1 Cl^ib k=sT &■*£?* ^J\ji . 

At the end is written by the copvist 

Bound up with it is a prayer for the enjoyment of the Quran, its 
retention in the memory, etc. 

152. 

p. 132, 1. 7, read: a.h. 1058 (a.d. 1647), see folio 2806. 

This Quran is complete but some folios have been disarranged. 
The order of the folios should be 278, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 
279, 280. There is bound up with it the ^j^ a^>- U J, attributed 
to the Prophet. This portion belonged originally to another MS. 
(probably a Quran) by the same copyist. It is dated separately 
a.h. 1067 (1656): copyist, Hasan b. Satilmish. 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 401 

153. 

p. 132, 1.25, read : also a few prayers, descriptions of the persons 
of the Prophet, Abu Bekr, 'Omar, 'Othmiin, 'All, the '^swid' 7 
al-JIicsna, etc. 

154. 

This MS. is written in Maghribi character. To the skin cover the 
hair still adheres in parts. It has a crude frontispiece illuminated 
with red and brown inks. 

It contains the second half of the Quran entire, beginning with Surat 
Maryam. It adds at conclusion the words in red ink isC\i *j}~* 
<uC« <_^ci31. In Surat Luqman one side of a folio has been ditto- 
graphed and crossed out. The frontispiece has in the centre 
£»x* *J j* i,j~J, and above it written inverted is ^.-x^ u ilSiyz. 

155. 

p. 133, 1. 17, read : folio for page. 

157. 

p. 134, 1. 7, read: fjaijj «Asi! J, ZLij. 
1. 8, ,, Radd Ilhad wa-Rafd. 

158. 

p. 134, 1. 20, read: fols. 194. 

1. 23. This is the fourth part of the whole work. 

The Kitals begin I, fol. 15; II, 206; III, 36a; IV, 42J ; V, 46a; 
VI, 555; VII, 65a; VIII, 89a Cl?^ La-1 ; IX, 1015: X, 1093; 
XI, 145a. 

The Iliddyah is a commentary on the same author's work, Kilab 
bidayat al-mubtadl, a compendium of the Fttru', based principally on 
Shaibani's Al-jami' al-sa gh rir and Quduri's Muhhtasar. Many of the 
marginal glosses are labelled, a number of them being from the 
Kifuyah (prob. that of Jalal al-Dln b. Shams al-DIn al-Khwarizmi). 

For notices see Xo. 385 infra, and Brockelmann, i, pp. 376 ff. 

159. 

p. 135, 1. 21, add : According to the colophon (fol. 477), the work 
was completed in A.n. 941 (1534). 

26 



402 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

This is a commentary on the MuJchtasar TViquya (or selection from 
wiqdyat al-riwaya ft masa'il al-hiddya of Burhan al-Dln Mahmud b. 
Sadr al-Shari'a al-'Awwal) of 'Ubaidallah b. Mas'ud b. Sadr 
al-Shari'a al-Sani (d. 747 (1346)) by Shams al-DIn Muhammad al- 
Uuhistani (d. 950 (1543)). 

For additional notices vide Brockelmann, i, p. 377. 

160. 

p. 136, 1. 16, delete in the same handwriting, etc. 
Al-Ghazall, the famous philosopher and Sufi, -was born and spent 
his youth at Tiis in Khurasan. 
Vide Brockelmann, i, p. 419^*. 

161. 

p. 137, 1. 3, read: al-Eatbi. 

The text is Towelled. 

p. 137, 1. 7, read: al-Bairuni (so text). 

The last three pages are occupied with the tables of Al-Fadl b. 
Hatim al- Tabriz!, indicating on what day of the week and month 
Christian and Jewish festivals fall in any year of the Alexandrian era. 
The last page of all gives directions for their use. This MS., which 
was in the possession of Mr. Binning, in Isfahan, may possibly have 
been the original from which Sir Henry Rawlinson caused to be made 
the transcript which is now in the British Museum (see B.M.A. 
Suppl., No. 457), and which Sachau used as one of the three MSS. 
on which he based his text. 

Vide Brockelmann, i, p. 475 /. 

162. 

p. 137, 1. 28, read: fols. 298. 

p. 138, 1. 3, add (after b. Sa'd) b. Mani'a al-Zuhrl, usually known 
as Katib al- Wuqidl. 

Vide Brockelmann, i, p. 136/. 

163. 

p. 138, 1. 33, read: dated a.h. 1235 (a.d. 1819). 
Vide Brockelmann, ii, p. 143^". 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 403 

164. 

It is written in occidental hand on one side of folio only, probably 
by the Englishman whose notes are on the blank pages. It is 
provided with a table of contents on a fly-leaf at the beginning, 
p. 139, 1. 26, read: 1-18. 
1. 28, ,, 19-33. 
p. 140, 1. 3, add: fols. 68-^. 

1. 6, read: 1X--&JI . . . <isls;lj %-j »j Ju«&J!. 
For Ta'rl&k al-Duival vide Brockelmann, i, p. 506. 

165. 

This MS. in same handwriting and uniform with No. 164. 

166. 

p. 141, 1. 7, add: Inscribed at Mecca, copyist 'All b. Ahmad 
al-Himsi (of Horns), The original whence this copy was taken has 
been indicated, but the text to all seeming has here been deliberately 
mutilated. 

Vide Brockelmann, i, p. 137. 

167. 

Bound up with this MS. is an English translation. 

168. 

The prose part of this MS. is the Qatr al-Nadu (see fol. 6a). The 
full title is Qatr al-Nadu iva-Ball al-Sada. Vide Brockelmann, 
ii, p. 23. 

The author was a pupil of the Spaniard Abu Haiyan. He was a 
Shafi'ite and professor of Exegesis in the Qubbat al-Mansuriya in 
Cairo. But five years before his death he became Hanbalite. 

170. 

This MS. has been re-described under No. 398 infra, q.v. 

171. 

The letters in their alphabetical arrangement follow the Hebrew. 

172. 

The title is given on fol. 37&. 
Vide Brockelmann. ii. p. 201^1 



404 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

173. 

p. 145, 1. 24, also a book of dreams and the 'Asmd al-husna. 
1. 25, read Hausa for Hansii. 

175. 

All these Kufic fragments contain portions of the Quran, cf. ed. 
Fluegel. 

I. Sura 23 (Mu'minun) U* IJj Jfdiillj ... (80) 

^\ J IS U Ji^ yi5 Jj (83) . . . Wjj yLaJ 

. . . \s\ yi* (84) 

II. Sura 13 (JZa'arf) . . . JJJ cl^t j\ <ui^ *W;[j1 . . . (18) 
*y* *^J ulivl^j *J IjOCi-J S *** <di^j . . . (18) 

...■[• t_-jU^sil 

III. (a) Sura 35 (jRjftr) . , . tiM&zj &\ y* [U\ \q\ \j (5) 
. . . l&J ^* J-aJ <dl\ j^li li*uj>- *Li ... (9) 

(4) ... i^Ul lr»^b d^ ^'^ I c^. c^ ^ ^ 26 ^ 

. . . \j .X^Ji,* *$-**j <WsLl JJs *$*** • • • (29) 

IV. Sura 23 (Mu'minun) \j\ji LSj L^ [)d! IjllS (84) 

JJi (88) ^y£ jj li\ Jj id! ^jiu-j (87) . . . UUxcj 

V. Siira 4 (JWsa') ^uu*l! UjI J^l 3! JJI [ Jlc IjIjSj (169) 
^ (171) tJ»jJyi«il • • • (170) . . . ^j* ^\ ^js^z 

.(VI begins) i_sLG»:uw.> 

VI. (Continuation of V) -o-.^uJ . <G'JU£ 1>r c 

.(VII begins here) &Qb \y*J ^JJ! Uli (174) 

VII. (Continuation of VI) <U>-, o ^gJS- ^>^-^j ^ l»^d^cl • 

J\\ ^ ^M L». Ji* . . . (175) . . . &*• 

VIII. Sura 13 Ota ad) 

jju 1 J&\ J . . . (12) . . . ^ J* J^s? U . . . (9) 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 405 

i 
IX. Sura 16 (Nahl) . . . afll ^L. \jjikA J^ I JJb . . . (116) 

. . . l-j\&£- *£} J-^ ?^* ( ll7 ^ 

X. (1) Sura 6 {An am) . . . &jUm Uc . . . (132) 

. . . *pj\ Uj Cl>^ ^ Acy U J\ (134) 

(2) TWrf. . . . \j j£ *3l J-c ^ ^ J&\ ^rfi . . . (145) 

. . . J W <U*k> ^Ik ^x U^» J! . . . (146) 

APPENDIX. 
384. 

p. 337, 1. 21, insert ^~*i^d1j after *iLJl. 

The MS. ends: _. j^j j^ l^— -.' k*a&»- iXix *3 <JjL»- .•♦*£ X*£- *j 

. . . iX^uJ l_C.»- La*N O JjlJ .jJI 

385. 

MS. begins : . . . «_jLuJ1 ^ <La^-iw* AxJLiJI <ui-uJ1 c_^b,-i and 
ends : N J <tf 3 L-J.il djLdl e^jl^l ^^i-^-5 ^ ^ ^ <-»^T • • ■ 

See No. 158 supra. 

386. 

p. 339, 1. 24, correction : Collation with No. 15 shows there are 
no lacunae. The copyist has merely neglected to repeat the catchword 
at the beginning of the new page. 

p. 339, 1. 26, read : fols. 104 and 158. 

1. 29. Regarding the bubs omitted, vide Addenda to No. 15. 
p. 340, 1. 3, read: Brockelmann, ii, p. 164. 

1. 19, "not indicated, etc.," but vide Addenda to No. 15. 
1. 29, " the last three 3«Js," but vide Addenda to No. 15- 

387. 

The MS., which is not dated, begins: 

.l/byLc LSI A-ij *\s&\ <-r>\^ JjW <_>b£l! 
The first bob is <U i_^u^o U-i, followed by bob J--J1 <A&c ,J 
«t Jy A .. Here begins MS. 386. 

The MS. ends abruptly in aILs-M J-ai, thus . . . 



406 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

388. 

The MS., which is not dated, begins: 

Ji - ^ r ] 

and ends : 

389. 

p. 341, 1. 7, read : Brockelniann, i, p. 143 Jf. 

The last page of the MS., which is much damaged by insects, begins : 

390. 

This MS. is the Mulchtasar fl al-taWiTch. 

The copyist was 'Alawi b. Shaikh Ba-'abud Ba-'Alawi. 

On a fly-leaf is an account of births and deaths in the family 
of the copyist. 

Bound up with it is No. 405, and on the intervening folios are some 
notes, talismans, poetic quotations, etc. 

p. 344, 1. 28, read;jU«Sl. 

1. 29. For ^Jsb read J U. 

391. 

The author was born in Yemen, and at the age of twenty removed 
to Mecca in 718 and made his home there and at Medina. "When he 
was twenty- six years of age he made a journey to Jerusalem, 
Damascus, and Cairo. He died at Mecca. 

p. 345, 1. 20, read: J^uil 

392. 

The copyist was 'Abd al-Ghaffar b. 'Abd al-Karim of the Madrasat 
al-' Akhlaslya in Herat. The revision was made " after many delays " 
in the same college. 

p. 346, 1. 10. Folio 1 of this MS. begins = fol. 2a, 1. 7 of MS. 
No. 27 supra, and folio 2 = fol. 125, 1. 10 of same MS. 



ADDENDA ET COERIGENDA. 407 

393. 

The writing is Nasta'llq. As regards the two styles, the second 
seems rather to consist of portions re-written later by the same hand 
using a pen with a less fine point. 

On folio la in a microscopic hand is given a list of commentaries on 

394. 

p. 347, 1. 26. For "by Muhammad", etc., read "copyist 
Muhammad", etc. 

p. 349, 1. 8, read : i*\j . . 

395. 

p. 351, 1. 17 For Jjtjb read <U J-ofiJ • 

396. 

The revision and correction dated a.h. 1011. The copyist was 
'Abd al-Fattah b. Sayyid Isma'il al-Hasani. There is an important 
addendum to the preface, fol. lb, as follows : — 

p. 352, 1. 13, read : ^-^* for j^-i^. 

397. 

In the green part the diacritical points are hardly given at all. 
This copy has also the addendum to the muqaddimah given in 
preceding MS. 

398. 

This is a second description of MS. 170, q.v. 

p. 353, 1. 9. The wording of the chapter headings has been taken 
from different parts by the two describers. In 170 the headings have 
been taken from the index or summary given in the introduction 
(fol. 2b), whilst the describer here has taken them from the headings 
as given in the text. 



408 ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

400. 

Vide Brockelmann, i, p. 305. 

401. 

This MS. has been much patched and repaired, more especially at 
the beginning. The leaves of the MS. have been pasted on to other 
sheets and the lacunae supplied in a fair imitation of the original hand. 

402. 

p. 356, 1. 20. Folios 86 and 87 have been extracted from another 
MS. and bound up with this. To make the MSS. run together, the 
duplicated parts before and after have been crossed out. 

404. 

The author, a Syrian, became blind in his youth but continued the 
study of belles-lettres at Aleppo. 
He visited Baghdad in 398 (1007). 

405. 

Part of the colophon only is missing ; hence all that is wanting is 
probably one folio. It breaks off . . . 
. *J»=sp dill <ic^ . d^.s>XAj%j^i\ *_*S . c^_J — *Uo <-_-?l — &\ *,'J 

Al-Bistanil, also known as Al-HurQfi, was born at Antioch, studied 
in Cairo, and went finally to Brussa where he died, 
p. 359, 1. 32, read: Brockelmann, ii, p. 231/. 



409 



fe. 



SCHEME OF TRANSLITERATION. 



,i (ia Arabic works) d 
(in Persian works) t 

U t 



U. 



3 

^ ch 

t * ' e ' 

£ kh c gh 

* ! J 1 

j r <_f g 

...... sh * ' 



u* 

u° .•■•,* 

The Arabic termination \- = a or a. 

The possessive indicated by a zlr (the Persian izajat) = -i, e.g. 
t_Js L-;\^ Kital-i tail. 

The letters a, i, and m should always be sounded short ; long 
sounds are represented by a, I, u ; o sounds long ; au like on in 
pound; e always sounds like e in pen. 



410 



SUBJECT 



INDEX OF 

(l7o7398 



396-7 



J 1-2 
167 



24 
429 



Astronomy 

Sharh Tazkirat al-TusI 
Tahrlr al-Mijistl 

Biography. 
Wafayat al-A'yan ... 
Al-Harlrl (an extract from the above) 
Al-Manhal al-Safi w-al-Mustaufi 

ba'dal-Wafl 

Kashf al-Zunun 'au Asanil al-Kutub 

w-al-Funun 
'TJyun al-'Anba' fiTabaqatal-'Atibba' 

Charms. 

Collection of Charms ... ... 173 

Commentaries upon the Quran. 

Anwar al-Tanzil wa Asrar al-Ta'wil 1,155 
Al-Is'af fl Sharh Shawahid al-Qadi 

w-al-Kashshaf ... ... ... 2-3 

Al-Takhblr fi ' Ulum al-Taf sir 

Controversy. 

Risalat Ba-Saifain ... 

Dictionary. 

Al-Sahah fi al-Lu gh at 

Fiqh al-Lughat 

Taj al-Masadir wa Taj al-Asami .. 
Shams al-'Ulum wa dawa kalam al- 

' Arab min al-kulum 
Hayat al-Haiawan ... 

Qamus al-Muhit 

Dr. Thomas Erpenius's Dictionary... 

Elegant Prose. 

Maqamat al-Badl'l 

Maqamat al-Hariri ... 

Sharh Maqamat al- Hariri 

Al-Mustatraf min kulli Fannin Mus- 
tazraf 

Al-Kashkul 

Nafhat al-Yaman 



384 

65 

401 
60 
61 

402 

62 

63-4 

171 

49 
50-1 

52 

53 
54 
55 



ARABIC WORKS. 

•Elegant Prose (continued). No. 
Al-'Ajab al-'Ujab flnia Yufld al- 

Kuttab ... 56 

Ethics and Philosophy. 

Sharh al-Isharat wa al-Tanblhat ... 393 

Ihya' 'Ulum al-Dln 394 

Ikhwan al-Safa 29 

Maw arid al-Kilam silk Durar al-Ilikam 30 

The Gospels. 

Al-Arba'at Anajll al-Muqaddasah ... 147 

Grammar. 

Al-Mufassal fi San'at al-I'rab ... 31 

Sharh al-Alfiyy ah 399 

Sharh al-Shafiyah 32,400 

Al-Wafiyah fi Sharh al-Kafiyah ... 33 

MughnI al-Lablb 'an Kutub al-A'aiib 34-5 

Kalimah fi al-I'rab 168 

Risalat fi 'Ilm al-I'rab 36 

Nadir al-Bayan fi 'Ilni al- Nab w ... 37 
'Ubab al-Lubab fi Taudlh Daqa'iq 

al-I'rab 38 

Al-Mutadawilah li Dars al-Nahw: 
(1) Al-Mi'at 'Amil, or, Al-'Awamil 
fi al-Nahw; (2) Sharh al-Mi'at 
'Amil ; (3) Al-Misbah ; (4) Hidayat 

al-Nahw 39-40 

History. 

(a) General History. 
Ta'rikh al-Umam w-al-Mnluk of 

Al-Tabarl 19 

Al-Asar al-Baqiyah 'an al-Qurun al- 

Klialiyah 161 

Jami' al-Tawarlkh 20 

(6) History of Muhammad, 
the Companions, and Khalifahs. 

Tabaqat al-Kabir 162 

Muruj al-Zahab wa Ma'adin al-Jauhar 389 



SUBJECT INDEX OF ARABIC WORKS. 



411 



History (b) {continued). No. 
Al-Ta'rikh li-al-Hamawi ... ... 390 

Mir'at al-Janan wa 'Ibrat al-Yaqzan 

(Ta'rikh-i Yafi'I) 391 

Ta'rlkh al-Khulafa' li-al-Suyuti ... 163 
Al-Adab al-Sultaniyyah w-al-Duwal 
al-Islamiyyah (extracts from the 
Ta'rlkh al-Duwal of Al-Fakhr al- 

Razi) 164 

Mukhtasar al-Duwal (extracts from 
the works of (1) Abu al-Faraj b. 
Harun al-Maliti, (2) Prince Abu 
al-Fida, and (3) George b. al- 
'Amld b. Ilyas) 165 



(c) History of Makkah. 
Akhbaru Makkah 



166 



Law. 

Al-Hidayah fi al-Furu' ... 158,385 

Tarjuniat 'Aqidat Ahl al-Sunnah ... 160 

Kanz al-Daqa'iq 9 

Al-Ashbah w-al-Naza'ir al-Fiqhiyyah 

'ala Mazhab al-Hanafiyyah ... 10 

Sharh Mafatih al-Shara'i' 11-12 

Jami' al-Rumiiz (Sharh Wiqayat al- 

Hidayah) 159 

Mukhtalif al-Shi'ah fi Ahkam al- 

Shari'ah 13-14 

Fiqh al-Imamiyyah ... ... 15,386-8 

Fiqh al-Sirajiyyah 16-17 

Fiqh fi al-Hudud w-al-Qisas w-al- 

Ta'zlrat 18 

Letter-writing. 

Kitab Manahij al-Tawassul fi ma- 

bahij al-Tarassul ... 405 

Mathematics. 

Miftah al-Hisab 26 

Tabrir TJqlidus 27,392 

Makhrutat Ibloniyiis ... ... 28 

Medicine. 

Al-Jami' Liquwa al-Adwiyyah w-al- 

Aghziyyah 25 



Miscellaneous. 

Al- Salam w-al Durud 

Specimens exhibiting- gradual develop- 
ment of Kufl into Naskhl character 



No. 
174 



175 



Philosophy. 

[See supra under Ethics and Philosophy. ] 

Poetry. 

Sharh al-Hamasat ... ... ... 403 

Qasldat Di'bal-Khuza'I 43 

Saqtal-Zand 404 

Sharh Lamiyat al-'Ajani ... ... 44 

Qasldat al - Burdah Mutar j amah ... 45 

Diwan al-Mutanabbi 46 

Diwan Shihab al-Dln al-Musa ... 47 
Sulafat al-'Asr fi Mabasin A'yan al- 

'Asr 48 

Prayers. 

Asma' Allah al-Husna 66 

Mukhtasar Kitab al-Hisn al-llas'm 172 
A few instructions by Abu al-Lais 
Nasr b. Muhammad b. Ibrahim al- 
Samarqandi ... 3S 

Proverbs. 

Kitab Maj ma' al-Amsa.1 ... ... 395 

The Quran. 

Al-Quran al-Karlm ...148-54 

Ehetoric. 

Al-Mukhtasar fi 'Ilm al-Ma'ani ... 41 
Anwar al - Eabi ' fi Anwa ' al - B adi ' . . . 42 

Tales. 

Majnun Laila al-'Amiriyyah ... 57 

Alf Lailah wa Lailah . . . 58-9, 169 

Traditions of the Prophet and 
Imams. 

Al-Jami' al- Sahib (Sahib al-Bukhari) 4, 156 
Al- Durr al-Nasir (Abridgement of the 

Kitab al-Nihayah fi Gliarib al-Hadis) 5 

Nahj al-Balaghah 6 

Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah ... ... 7 

Ghurar al-Hikam wa Durar al-Kalim 8 

Risalah Eadd llhad wa-Rafd ... 157 



412 



SUBJECT INDEX OF PERSIAN WORKS. 



Agriculture. Xo. 

Risala-i Zira'at 144 



Anatomy. 

Tashrlh-i Mansuri 



416 



Art. 

Qit'at-i Khushkhatt (Caligraphy) ... 373 

Tasawlr (Portraits) 374 

Astrology. 

Risalah dar Sa'adat-u Xuhusat-i 

Ayyam ... ... 363 

Fal-namah (Alexander the Great) ... 364 
Fal-namah (Imam 'All b. Abi Tallb) 365-6 

Fal-namah (Imam Ja'far Sadiq) ... 367 
Ta'blr-i Khwab-namah (Joseph the 

Prophet) 368 

Astronomy. 

Tasbll-i Zij-i Muhammad Shahi ... 417 

Risalah dar 'llm-i Xujiim ... ... 260 

Mi'raj al-Tauhid 93 

Biography. 

Takmila-i Yafi'I (Khulasat al-Mafakhir) 242 

Rashahat-i 'Ain al-Hayat ... ... 243 

Majalis al-Mu'minm 244 

Tazkira-i Tahir Nasirabadi ... ... 88 

Ta'rikh-i Baba Naslh (Rishi-namah 

or Danvish-namah) ... ... 245 

Tawarikh-i Mir Sayyid Sharif " Raqim " 246 

Halat-i "Asaf-Khanan " 413 

Ahwal-i Aulad-u Ja'idad-i Sayyid 

Ahmad Sand m 89 

Controversy. 

Ma'rifat al-Mazahib ... 371 

Lawami' Rabbani dar Radd-i Shu- 

bahat-Nasrani 372 



Cosmogony and Cosmography. Xo. 

Puranaratha Parakasa Shastra ... 328 
'Aja'ib al-Makhluqat-u Ghara'ib al- 
Maujudat ... 



362 



Dictionary. 



Al-Surah mill al-Sahah 139-40 

Kashf-al-Lughat wa al-Istilabat ... 418 
Muntakhab al-Lughat-i Shahjahanl 141 

Lughat-i FarsI 360-1 

Haft-Qulzum 142-3 

Elegant Composition. 

Marqumat-i 'Abd-allahb. Muhammad 

al-Marwarid 331 

Mukatabat-i 'Allami (Insha-i Abu 

al-Fazl) 332 

Insha-i Harkarn 333 

Munsha'at-i Brahman 334 

Xuskha-i Faiz-Bakbsh (Insha-i Faiz- 

Bakhsh) 335 

Daqa'iq al-Insha' ... ... 115,336 

Musha'at-i Ranjhur-Das 337 

Raushan-Kalam ... 338 

Encyclopaedia. 

Nafa'is al-Funun fi 'Ara'is al-Uyun 330 
Bhupal Shastra 326 

Ethics. 



Tarjuma-i Tahzlb al-Akhlaq (Taharat 


al-Nafs) 


261 


Tuhfat al-Muluk ... 


94 


Akhlaq-i Xasiri 


95, 262 


Minhaj al-Talibin ... 


96 


Akhlaq-i MuhsinI ... 


97,263 



SUBJECT INDEX OF PERSIAN WORKS. 



413 



Farnmns and Official Letters. No. 

Farmans (Akbar-Shah II) 124-5 

Khatt(Amlr-Chand) 126 

Naql-i Shuqqajat(Sa'adat 'All Khan 

of Oudh) 128-9, 131-2, 131 

Naql-i Shuqqajat (GhazI al - Din 

Haidar) 135, 137 

Naql-i Khutut (Sir Geo. Barlow and 

Lords Minto and Moira) ... 129, 132, 135 
Naql-i Khutut (Colonel J. B. Baillie) 

127,129-30, 133, 136, 138 
Shuqqah (Maharajah Jaswant- Singh) 414 

Geography. 

Bahjat al-Alam ... ... ... 247 

Ma'mulat al-Afaq 248 

The Gospels. 
[See under Theology.] 

Grammar. 

Risalah dar 'Ilm-i 'Aruz 35S 

Al-Kifayah 123 

Qawa'id-i FarsI 359 

Hindu Mysticism and Mythology. 

Bashishth Jog 327 

Mahabharata 325 

History. 

(a) General History. 

Ta'rikh-i Guzldah 185,406 

Rauzat al-Safa' ... 71.186-8.427 

Hablb al-Siyar fi Akhbar Afrad al- 

Bashar ... ... ... ... 72 

(b) History of the Prophets. 
Maqasid al-Auliya ft Mahasin al-Anbiya 189 

Bahr al-Ansab ... 407 

Ma'arij al-Nubuwwah ... ... 190 

Rauzat al-Ahbab 191,420 

(c) History of the Khalifahs. 
Futuh-i Ibn A'sam 192-3 

(d) History of Timur. 
Zafar-namah ... ... 73-4, 194-5 

Ta'rikh-i Tim uri 408 

Timur-namah (Malfuzat-i Timuri) ... 75 
Tuzuk-i Timuri 196-9 



(e) History or India. No. 

(1) General History. 

Gulshan-i Ibrahim! (Ta'rikh-i Firishtah) 200 

Khulasat al-Tawarikh 201 

Haft-Gulshan 202 

Tuhfat al-Hind 203 

Chahar (or Char) Gulshan 410 

(2) History of the Sultan of Dehli. 
Ta'rikh-i Flruz-Sli-ihi 204 

(3) History of the Moghul Emperors. 

Waqi'at-i Babari Babar-namah) 76, 205-7 
Tabaqat-i Akbar-Shahi (Ta'rikh-i 

Nizami) 77 

Akbar-namah 78 

A'in-i Akbarl 208-10 

Dastiir al-'Amal-i Akbari 79 

Tuzuk-i Jahangirl ... ... 211-12 

Iqbal-nama-i Jahanglri ... 80,213 

Badshah-namah ... 409 

'Amal-i Salih (Shahjahan-namali) ... 81 

'Alamgir-namah ... 214-15 

Maasir-i 'Alamgiri 216-17,411 

Futuhat-i 'Alamgiri... ... ... 218 

Raqa'im-i Kara'im 219 

Shuqqaha-u Kalimat-i 'Alamgir ... 220 

Sliuqqaha-i 'Alamgir 221 

Shuqqa-i 'Alamgir ... 222 

Sa'at-i Nahzat ki 'Alamgir namudand 223 
Waqa'i' Haidarabad (Waqa'i' Ni'mat 

Khan 'All) 82 

Dastur al-'Amal-i Sarrishtajat ... 83 
Dastiir al-'Amal-i Badshahi ... 224 

Siyar al-Muta'akh_khhm 225-6 

Muharaba-u Musalaba-i Muhammad- 
Shah ba Nadir-Shah 227 

Bhao-namah 228-9 

Dastur al-'Amal-i Kljalisah-i Sharlfah 230 

(4) History of Provinces and Minor 

Dynasties of India. 

(i) Bengal. 

Ta'rikh-i Bangalah 231 

Ta'rikh-i 'All Ward! Khan 232 

Ta'rikh-i Jahanglrnagar ... ... 233 



414 



SUBJECT INDEX OF PERSIAN WORKS. 



(ii) Kashmir. 
Khulasat al-Tawarikh-i Kashmir . . . 

(iii) Surath. 
Waqa'i' Surath (Ta'rikh-i Surath) 
(iv) Rohilla Afghans. 

Ta'rikh-i Faiz-Bakhsh 

(v) A'zamgarh. 
Intizam-i Raj-i A'zamgayh ... 
Sarguzasht-i Rajaha-i A'zamgarh 

(/) History of Persia 
Nizam al-Tawarikh ... 
Lubb al-Tawarikh ... 
'Alamara-i 'AbhasI ... 
Xama-i Sliah-'Abbas II 
Tuhfat al-'Alam 
Fawa'id-i Safawiyyah 
Zuhuriyya-i Safawiyyab 

Law. 

Fatawi-i 'Alamgiri (Kitab al-Janayat) 

Hidaya-i Farsi, vol. ii 

Hidava-i Farsi, vol. iv 



No. 

234 



236 

. 237 
238 

412 

239 

84, 240 

241 

85 

86 

87 

180 

181 

182-4 



92 
259 



MSS. of mixed contents. 

Makbzan al-Akhlaq ... ... ... 375 

Bayaz 146, 376 

Mathematics. 

Risala-i IrsmatiqT (ya'ni Kha\vas-i 

A'dad) 

Risalah dar 'Ilm-i Wafq 

Medicine. 

Dastur al-Atibba' (Tibb-i Firishtah 

or Ikbtiyarat-i QasimT) ... 
Khulasat al-Atibba-i Hamldkhani 
Shifa' al-Marz 
Farbang-i Tibb 
Mujarrabat al-TadawI 
Nasihat-nama-i Hukamil' 
Qarabadin (Tibb-i CJadirl) 
Mujarrabat- i Akbarl. . . 
Tibb-i Babri-u BarrI 
Tibb-i Nuri 



249 
415 
250-1 
252 
253 
254 
255 
256 
257 
258 

u»4> 



Music. No. 

Taswirat-i Rag-mala, ... ... 114 

Physiognomy. 

Risalah dar 'Ilm-i FirSsat ... ... 369 

Qiyafah-namah ... ... ... 370 

Poetry. 

Izhar al-Haqq (Sharb-i Qasa'id-i 

Imam 'All b. Abl Talib) 264 

Shah-namah (Firdausi) ... 98,265-9 

270 

271 



101, 



Ta'iikh-i Shamsbir-Kliaiii ... 
Garshasp-namah (Ahmad al-Tusi) ... 
Sam - namah (Ahmad al - Tiisi or 

Kliwaju Kinnani)... 
Sharh-i Hadiqat al-Haqiqa-i Sana'i 
Kulliyy at (Khaqani) ... 
Dlwilii (Khaqani) 
Sharh-i Diwan-i Khaqraii ... 
Qasa'id (Khaqaul) ... 
Tuhfat al-'Iraqain (Khaqani) 
Iskaudar-uama-i Barri (NizamI) 
Laila-u Majnun (Nizami) . . . 
Makbzan al-Asrar (Nizami) 
Khusrau-u Shirin (Nizami) . . . 
Masnawl-i Ma'nawi (Rumi) 
Mukasbafat-i Rizwi .. 

Kulliyyat (Sa'di) 

Diwan (Sa'di) 

Biistan (Sa'di) 104 (IX), 284 (X), 287-9 

Sharh-i Qasida-i Burda-i al-Biisiri ... 105 

Diwan (Kliusrau) 

Qiran al-Sa'dain (Klmsrau) ... 

Diwan (Badr Chachi) 

Diwiin (Hafiz) 

Kulliyyat (Jami) 

Yiisuf-u Zalikba, (Jami) 

Mabmud-u Ayaz (Saifi) 

Laila-u Majnun (Hatifi) 

Shah-u Gada, (Baha'i) 

Padmawat (Muhammad Ja'isi 

Kulliyyat ('Urfi) 

Diwan ('Urfi) 

Sharh-i Qasa'id-i 'Urfi 



272 
273 
99 
4-6 
277 
100 
278 
. 279 
.. 280 
102 
103 
.. 281-2 
.. 283 
104, 284 
.. 285-6 



290 
291 
292 
106 
293 
424 
296 
297 
298 
299 
107 
300-2 
108 



294-5 



SUBJECT INDEX OP PERSIAN WORKS. 



415 



No. 

Nau-u Halwa. (Baha'i) 303 

Diwan (Sa'ib) 301 

Kulliyyat (Bihishtl) ... ... ... 30") 

Majma' al-Shu'ara' (Hafiz, Sa'ib, 
Figha.nl, AsafI, Khayyam, Mukhlis 
Diblawi, Kallm, and Ghani) ... 306 

Qaza-u Qadr (Salim) 375 (VIII) 

Diwan (Danish) 307 

'Ismat-namah (Shaikh Hamid) ... 308 

Diwan (Musawi) 309 

Bahr-i Tawil (Mihri) ... 375 (VII) 

Diwan (Shaukat) 310 

Masnawi (Ni'mat-KMn 'Ali) 109, 375 (XII) 
Husn-u 'Ishq (Ni'mat-Khan 'Ali) 375 (III) 

Diwan (Wahshat) 110 

Diwan (Sabit) Ill 

Diwan (Nasir 'Ali) 312 

'Irfan (Bidil) 313 

Muhit-i A'zam (Bidil) 314-15 

'Ishq-namah (Bidil) 316 

Tilism-i Hairat (Bidil) 317 

Tur-i Ma' rifat (Bidil) 318 

Shah-u Gul 319 

Hikayat 320 

Diwan (Mazhaij 321 

Jazbrasa (Ivhaliq) 322 

Dastiir-i Hiraraat (Mir Muhammad 

Muvad) 323 

Surmafza (Abu Talib Ispahan!) ... 324 
Tuhfa-i Bailawiyyah (Miscellaneous) 112 
Ash'ar-i Mukhtalif (Miscellaneous) 113, 311 
Short Pieces(Miscellaneous)375(VII,IX,XI) 

146 (VI) 
Bayaz (Miscellaneous) 376 



Proverbs. 



Jarai' al-Tamsil 



116 



Tales and Romances. 

Anwar-i Suhai i (Kalila-u Dimnah) 

117, 339, 419 



No. 
'Iyar-i Danish (Kalila-u Dimnah) ... 340 
Alf-Laila-u Lnilnh (Qissn-i Hazar-u 

YakShab)... ..." H8 

Jawami' al-Hika vat-u Lawami' al- 

Riwayat ... ... ... ... 119 

Gulistan 104 (VIII), 284 (VIII), 287, 341-9, 

421-3 

Qissa-i Chahar Darwish 120 

Tuti-namah ... ... ... ... 350 

Singhasana Battisi 329 

Ma'dan al-Jawahir 351-2 

Bahar-i Danish ... ... ... 121-2 

Rub al-Qisas (Qissa-i Aftab-u Mahtab) 353 

Qissa-i Hatim Ta'i 354 

Qissa-i Hazar Mas'alah 355 

Qissa-i Saif al-Muliik-u BadI' al- 

Jamal 306 

Qissa-i Dalilah Muhtalah 357 

Translations from Sanskrit. 



Mahabharata... 




325 


Bhiipal Shastra 




326 


Bashishth Jog 




.. 327 


Puranaratha Par 


akasa Shastra 


328 


Singhasana Battisi ... 


329 




Travel. 




Masir-i Talibi 




90 


Safar-nama-i Mil 


'Izzat-allah 


91 



Theology. 

Injil-i Muqaddas 67,176-7 

A'ina-i Haqnuma' 68 

Dabistiin-i Mazahib 69 

'Aja'ib al-Tajwid 178 

Tarjumat al-Shari'ah 179 

'Alamat-i Nujum al-Furqan ... 70 
Zubur-i Da' ud 425-6 

War. 

Dastur-i Jahan Gusha'i ... .. 145 



416 



CLASSIFICATION OF HINDUSTANI WORKS. 



Astrology. 

No. 
Fal-namah (Shaikh Yahya Munyari) 383 

History. 

Sarguzasht-i Kajaha-i A'zamgarh 377 



Poetry. 

Marasi-i Hashim 'All 
Dlwan (Wall) 

Tales. 
Hikayat-i Latlf 
Qissaha 



No. 

379-80 
378 

381 

382 



417 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 



Those marked 1-66, 147-175, 384-405 inclusive, and 429 are Arabic. 
67-146, 176-376, 384-388, and 406-428 inclusive are 
Persian. 
,, 377-383 inclusive are Hindustani. 

,, thus * are Extracts. 

,, thus f are Incidental. 

Ad. attached to a number refers to Addenda et Corrigenda. 
Xo. No. 



384| 

161 

413 

89 

394 

410 

204f 

214f 

166 

81 



. <UUll &jjfi\ ^e. <uSU! jlST 

^jOJLj 

fi5]\ *»Lc *L*-1 



(^juuL jl^) jjljill jl-^*-1 






146* (XXIV) . . , J)L=- vU-1 
97, 263, 339* . . ^m^s** jh^\ 
95, 262, 261f . . . ^l3 ji&-\ 
29 \LA\ ^\yL\ 

164 Aj^LS! JjjJtj <u3lkU! c_>bT 
147 .. . <lAjuN J-J9-U! *mj\ 



339f 



< ^«*»j\j .1 jorfl 



^iliul JJbl^Mi _ -i <_£ 



iUJ 



jU^. 






2-3 .. . 

101, 280t 

279f . . 

66, 173. 

393 . (-j&) izAte&Wj t£j\jj*\ 

10 .... <Li^gll i -Jfcjc* 

113,311. , 



i—fli^sf jbcil 



305f . 



U 



la-. 



jua 



Jy-i 1 



^J-c ajLjj ^.^a; J^'j 



264 
290f 



i) ^s! ,1§1?1 
C-JU. ^ ^ 



179 ... . (&mM\ l^-j) 
398f . . . i'ijti) j»MjjUT 
213, 80 . . ^Jjl^P- L.U JLSI 



27 



418 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 



No. 
53f 



do <J&\ Ss\ 



78, 247* 203f, 208f, 210f t*\j j&\ 

428* u--t.t <ul£ (_£)! 

118, 169, 58-9, . tdJj <0J uJS! 
322* 356*-7* 

399 (_ -A) fc&\ 

237 .. . ajfjicl -^ Jbaj\ 

67, 147, 176-7 . ^wliU J-o^l 

332 (ur^M 

313f Jjuj ^Ujl 

115-j- . . . ^)\s>~ J\jj\sL ^LU^ 

290f lSJj"****- lJ^'->\ 

^^ mJ ) (jSusT ya—g-i ^LiuJl 

335 (lA^ u4r* 

333 ^.jSJb ,_5-LcUJ 1 

1, 155, 2-3* 

42 . ^y.Jull cjyl J £*^j|j^ 

339, 419, 117, 97f . ^J-^Jiy] 

247* ^Ul! j^uw-Jl 

208-10, 247f . . . ^sjS\ ^S\ 

68, 372f . . . . 'UJ J.^ &JT 

290f ^JoJL <U-j7 

205-7, 76 (^jb c^USlj) <U^ jIj 

409 <ub iliob 

327 i f^ -#^^ 



No. 

120f . . 
407, 412f 
375 (VII) 
115f . . 
181*-4* . 
42* . . 
290f . . 



• • • j^J $*. 



>\JUM 



JJ 






104 (IX), 284 (X), 287-9 w la-»jJ 
121-2, 81f . . . . jjfijlj ,1^ 

293f L5^^" ^"L^ 

311* . . ,.^^3 XksT* I; .,« ^l^lgj 

115f cr^J 1 ^ 

228-9 <uUjl# 

247 JUS! uurfl 

326 j5-AA Jb^j 

376 ^Lj 

313f Jjuj ^L) 

146 . (u^J.Jo O^rO ( J-J ^Uj 

409 tub alijl) 

299 CJjUdJ 

212 .. . tfJ.jJl jU^c! <ul>Jaj 

284 (IX) 

328* . 

61, 141 f ^Ul -Ajj^LmJ! --li' 

165* J^\ 

413f ^J&\ #j*\2 



. (Uj p) <t*\jJCJ 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 



419 



No. 

19, 43*, 146 (IV)* . (^-Ul 

jL->jj£) k--— -^aJ bV-J *s£/b" 

245 (<ulj 

231 <dlf;j *^yb 

408, 4 09 1 . . . ^V ^/b 
233 ... . jLjXiX^- ^f\j 

r ^J) ^. ; jui ^UU. ^/b 

192-3 (*i*| ^ 

j^jj *uuli ^/b 

C^>UJr) ^vvlij ^ILLj f~j'b' 

77 (^Li^ 

235 . (^j- ^jISj) ^ijj-» ^yb' 



163 

164* 

48 



270, 203f . ^[t^jJJStAJL 'gj\3 



232 



li> 



I; 



200, 203f 

204 ... . ^lljj^J ^p'b 
236 .... (j^r ^/Lj fd)'\j 
185, 406 .... X^j? JrJ\j 
390 iJyAsb &J\3 

19, 43*, 146 (IV)* 






214f-16f, 284f. 
165* . . . . 



cdlsr* 



&' 



l b 



^rfjLu*! f\J^ 



No. 

190f . . . 

77 (^b^-fl <. 



^r 1 ty' 



b 



>UJa), ^Uaj^.'b' 



ir 






(J\ L .jUiJLSI i : 



yr^j 



L^ 






** 



I J " J 



jy 



-1\ <Ua^ 



391 . . 

293f . . 

386-7f . 

27, 392 . 
396-7, 161 f 

293f . . 

247f . . 

331f . . 

290f . . 

85 JUJ1 ti-sr 

278, 99 f- ... ^1/JI Ato^ 

362 u^l/!! &s? 

94 cj£U)l <u=r 

203 Jc,^ <UsT 

112 ....... . <tf*Lj Ifcsr 

384* . . . ^u*JI *jLb J^-^ 
170, 398 . ( jjj) ^U\ sjti 
88 . . ^jbl j~ai j&o sj&i 

170, 398 . . UjJL) t^Uill 

179 Ui^^j 

261 . . xiUJl i ■ ud*7 L»*-,Ji 

328 J^.-bi (jwOJ ^ijUh y <U,j>- O' 



420 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 



No. 

160 . . <£*J\ Jjb\ irJuiu <U>~jJ 

242f tL& &as>-jJ 

417 . . ^yfclt SUsi* rf\ J-f«J 

.... ^jU 



416 . . 
416 . . 
374, 373* 
114 . . 



u J «j 






368 .. . 
255f .... 
290f .... 
293f .... 

163f ^1A\j+mJu 

339f (<uLc i -A^O ^-^o-^-u^J' 

153*^jy«H J^sr'^jJl ^jS^-^yiJ - 

242 L5*^V. ^^ 

41 Ad.* .... JaA*M u ^s^ J 
410 . (^A^l^sOjLr^l fCjV 
246 " J^ " ujbyA ^?~= > r-» fCj V 

205] ^y\ L-fjy 

196-9, 146 (VIII )* ^j^^J' cJjy 
211-12 . . . ^-lilp-U^y 
261 ((j*^ *,l$k) jl^l «-*o-Jk|5 

75, 73f 

297f ^' U& <u\jj^*-J' 

116 . . (JJUj) J~^1 f-*W" 



No. 
20 



U\ «..«U- 



(S/J 5 " 1 



119 cji»y^ t^Vj o\j^^ f*^" 

159 \j.*J\ j-^U- 

4,156(^lial^^)^s^l f«W^ 
158 Ad.f. ^LwfiJJ^jjiJl f*^~ 

25 q&±1\j 

261f J,^ ^JJjU- 

322 L, <— >>X>- 

247f .... l_-~'U*^ *^./r 

luL)IXs.M («_ *U-) «_^j^J>- 

119 . . . . isj\i\j)\ t^y^ 

290f ....... ysallyb^ 

339f j+mJoM jjAjs? 

327 ^li^ilj ^— 5^T 

203f, 21 If, 202f,413f «uU^jl^>- 

410 . . {^J^)J^J^ 

334 t cr*r >r 

313t ^a^Cjl^a- 

410 < j£A£j\#>- 

290f Jr ^ U^^T 

413 . . "■oUU- «—a-J' 



^ 



i!U 



AJ1 j\^ j\^>-\ djiyd] 



72, 186f-8t, 203f, 33 If 
273, 281f 

167 ^jij^ 

375 (III), 83 1- . . JJLz 3 ^^ 






GENEEAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 



421 






No. 

320 .... r^la^) Cjl>.^ 

381 t-c,.,y C->Ij^»- 

393 . . c^UJl CJ&A* Jr- 

62 uW^ *W 

115f 'lAJ^II J&U. 

290t ^b jJU. 

329f Jjjt ^ 

293f . . 

273f 

103, 280f . ^Uaj ^j+Ajj^^. 

297f . . ^^'^ yrf^Jr*** 5 *- 
331f . . . ^t-j ^jJj^jjmj^. 
126 (ja r ^)k~L 

129, 135 (^ij tir*rjjj>) b^ 

127, 130, 133, ( l5 Lj JJ/) IjjL-k 
136, 138 

203f jW^ <^^ 

415 . jU. Ju^o- 'bL^ Zah^ 
242 r^U^M £*JU- 

90f J l£j^ <u!=l 

201, 329f . JOA 'fj>j\jA\ IA&- 

234 .. . ^^i' ar^yJI <L?1^ 

399* . . .{-j£) j~d]\ J <ul>. 
280f . . 

146 (VI)* . 

293f . . . 



•InJ <Luj.*£z- 






No. 

69 

5 

245 (t 

249 

145 

79 

224 

211 






^a3bb f-j*^') <^ lAljJ 
(<U^y iJUL) 'l^^jja-ij 

. . . jli/^l^^-j 
, . . uSj^\ J**d\ jj±~>J) 

230 i^ij <^^ *-a!'U- J-dl .j^-jj 
83 . . Cl?l^ti)..«j jj-**l I i »^wjJ 

115f <__>l^3t .y^sj 

323 U^v*Jbj^O 

152 Ad u \jA\ ^ *lrj 

115,336 'IfijJN jJlij 

139t-40f .... <_>j}H ^J 
306 (IV)* .... ^TjjjJ 
146 (XXVII)* 27 7f ^jy>\ JitfJ 
292 ... . L5 ^l=^ J jj w )jjj 

334f lir ^ ; j w !jj J 

303f ^*\«j ^jjj 

331+ ^Lj ^jjj 

111 L^olj (jUjfcS 

106, 306 (I)* . . . SaiU- w ljjJ 

311* ^U- (j^JJ 

99, 274-6, 100* 277* jJIjU^^J 
290, 120f . . . . _>/^ U^. J 
307 jMJ\i> u^JJ 



422 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 

No. 






l^i-O »~ ^l tj J 1 






No. 

104, 284-6 

273f ^L-: ^jjj 

311* . . . lJJIj-^ U"**"Z> cA?:!- 
47 . ^j-iil ^JJI <— >lf! ^JJ 

310 ... . 
304, 306 (I-IV)* 

311 (IV)* . . 
107, 108*, 300-2 . . djs. u UjJ 

. . . ^Ui ^jjj 

(j-yjto j^^aLsr* e;^:!^ 
. . . j$a,+ y'^JJ 



306 (VIII )* 
306(111)* . 
306 (VII)* . 
46 . . . 
306 (VI)* . 
321 .. . 
309 .. . 
312 .. . 
110 .. . 
306 (II)* . 



'\J"*~) O'r. 



i J 



378,113* Jj U^. J 

379-80f .... 



*-^ I J& jOl tJ O 



L^^jjl? 4 



298f . . 

415f . . 

375 (I) • 

306 (V)*, 311 (II)* X. 

53f . . 

65 . , 



J ft* 



uV- J 









416 
157 






u-j 



^ 



20f <uilkUI ISL 



36 
24 7f . 



J- 



■:i\ 



As- o <L1L 



(J*!? 5 *" (jiJO) .j-M 5 b«J.1 aSLj, 

92* (jlj^ 

150 



Jo jasT 1 a!Lo. 






-l.i <UL«> . 






144 . 

50 

50 . 

293| . 

363 *lj| e^w^rs^j c^joU-jjc) <dL , 

358 .... , — • *£■ **-£■ <l) isil*, 

369, 370} . ^UJ\ji Ac jJi £L>j 
260 ... . *}s? AcjJ dSU, 
259, 260f . . t_Jj. J-CjO <SL, 






272f . 

243 , 

166* . jUiW i-piU-j JUcW *Joj 

219, 222f, 241 f . . . pJ]/ *'tsj 

313f Jj>-j CjUij 

11 5f lS*^ l ^^J 

1151 .... , ^^jj.s>~ cl:\xs 



'J 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 



423 



■J 



No. 

115f jr"*^ cjUj 

ii5f . Jl-sj- ^-»yt ^ ei>U3, 

115f .... ^j£& +J& LZj\x!j 

1 1 5f . jJi! <j d ti; «*^* uV^sr 1 ' )L c^J U 'ij 

353 ^^uaiiM „-j^ 

338 pM ^jj 

191, 146 (XIII)* 420 

339f *ljk^lJ\ 'do* i. 

247f fSjiM Lejj 

272f j^\ Zejj 



190f 

242f 

186-8, 71, 72f, 427* 

190f . 

214f 

331f 

115f *l 

245 (l. 



^Isll X 






*JU1 






<uli 






M , il 



ibb -Sr/lj)<ulj 






425-6 ^J^i) 

417* . . jjJblt >>£s^ doJks*- ^g 

223 Jjj^j 

150 <uli C^cL 

272, 27lf . . . 
60f 



<CnU *\~: 



«&/«. 



No. 

238, 377 *«f Joel ^If^^ts^ij^ 

324, 90f i^Jj/- 

48 ^adl^Lcl ^l<r*^^l <LiLj 

174 J Jj^^ (*^- s 

293f J^j (jULc 

293f .... t-^JfejJI ui*L»L> 

91 . . <d!1 c^;.* ,~* SUli 



404 Jupl kiLj 



101, 279, 280f . 
329 ... . 
30f . . . . 



U^i cr 



225-6, 146 (VII)* ^j^IL lull j~> 
32, 400, 123* . . (_^) <Lil$> 

298 U^ *\-l 

409 . (<ulj *U>db) <ut> ^,1^1-1 
( JLp u Ux) <uU u^li 
81, 203f, 115f 

265-9, 98, 270*, 203* 261f, 27lf 
214f . . . J»l^ J^kst* <uU *U 
329f . ijv+ir} ^^"-^ <^^ *^> 

386f 

393 . c^J lfr~.il 1 

399 %M\ 






403 4-»Us)l -j£ 

32, 400 «uil*u!l -y-i 

41Ad. .... ^«aXsr^1 f^ 



424 



No. 



GENERAL INDEX 



4lAd.f Jjk*51 ZJ JL 

273 . . . JjLJLsll <UjJo- -j& 
170, 398 . . ^y^\ xj>'i£ TJ J* 
277 .. . J>^^ u^. J ZS* 
108 .... o.£ JuLaJ _. -1 

264 (j^l^l^U 

105, 73f . . n^ji *Ju*aJi -^ 
33 (<L.il£M _ ; ^i <i <Uiyi) <Uil^_^ 
44 .... +s£\ JLJ ^jL 



39-40 (I) 

330f . 

11-12 

52 

7 

280| . 

250-1, 258* 



^I-c cjjU-j (jbly) cyU*- 

128, 131, (jJ^>- yjJjJl lJM) 
134, 137, 129*, 132* 

L-j\p <jlL*^*) ls«k>-j oU*^ 

132 Oijj 

222 ^/J^c XLS, 

414 . . j^j c^fJ &>-^l$.« ajLi 
220, 2I9f . ^Jlc C^UKj l^iLi 



221 



OF ALL WORKS. 
No. 

402, 139f, 140f . . *jKM ^ 
293f i*jlj' JvjfcU^ 

103, 290f, 297f, 331f 

293f ciiWM ht~Z> 

339f ilajM ^L* 

293f \jii\ iszu> 

401 cuJJl J Jjs^I 

139-40, 141f, 401f 

4,156(^.^1 ^\A\) ^Jeepi ^s? 

339f ^U *i-.s* 

139-40, 141 f, 401 f m \s^\ {i y*A r c 

298f ^JLlUM c^a-s 

255f ...... ^flll e^ 

257 ... . jrjjj ^-asT u^ 

249 . . (UjM jf~>S) &J!»ji t^J^ 
77, 203f . . ^jb\£jJ>\ c^Uuk 

162 jjRS c^ULt 

255 .. . (^oIj^j) ^jj*\a i—Jj 

255f ,^-iM c_-^ 

258 ^y u^i? 

273f ^jJLsxJ! Jjja 

317 ^j***- f*uH> 

318 [^JtjX^j^s 

350* <ulj Jsjt 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS 



425 



No. 

261, 95f 

73-4, 194-5, 408*. . . <ulj & 

87 <V. **** <V. t*gl? 

84, 240 .. . ^l^ ^T Jlc 
214-15, 203f . . . «ulj^fjU 

jij«j -j^-iy iJ <__ AJJ1 <—^*e 



e 



38 

63f 

178 



.511 



O'J 






362, 247*, 203| . CJ^^-,^! 



56 < 
313 
316 
308 
70 



»\S3l ^-i> U-i cAs*!i 






(<ulj yl'^SJ- *l&) ,Jlrf (_]**£. 

81, 203f, 115f, 121-2J 
39-40 (I) . . ysrfjl J J^lyJI 
340, 78f .... JLJ^Jus. 
429* H^ il| cpUJs J 'USl i^-£ 

290f JU53I o^-i 

8 ... ^jjijfUSjjZ 
150, 364-7, 383 .. . <ulS Jli 
180(cy\jl^r <-_>l^) i^/JU ^bi 
180 (^/(JU ^jlsi) tfjl^l .jylsi 



. *L 



o^ 



r 



^ 



2^ J j £J 



,.rfl 



No. 

409f . . 

192-3 . . 

203f . . 

218 . . 

293f . . ^^ c yj 

124-5, 89 u U.i 

306 (II)f . . . u: \j?£j JUJ 
115f . . . . u^j&lp- L. *OJfc.i 






-;Ji 



. . . . (ejUilkJL 



418 .. . 

252 .. . 

158 Ad* . 

15, 386-8 . 

16-n £*r\r& *« 



• ■ • LV 



60 c^jUDI Jjij 

86 ^j** t^'Ui 

63-4, 139f-40f-41f \a+sA (jwjJS 

161f ^^*^ L^^ 

255, 257f . (^jjli l--1») ^O^/ 
291, 290f . . . ^duuJ! J\J 
148-52, 153*-5* 1* +}J]\ Jjy 
173* 175*, 367* 



100 . . 
108 . . 
120, 290f 



L5* 



jliUs- JuLai 






426 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 






&xx*M.s» iUjJ) k^is 



No. 

354 . . 

290f . ^ JjJj W W^ 
3,57, 308 . . dJl^s* *L!j 1&3 

356, 322 

319 j£> »li «£j 

355 ... . 

118 (aIJuJO 

382 ... , 
45 

43 ... lj^Ij^ J-r^^ *Ju*a9 
375 (YIII) . 
168 Ad. . ^JuJl Jj j ^JoJ\ .kjl 
373-374 . . . L&. (A^- C-jULj 
359 . 



fjj> 



'Jfe ^«aJ 



l^aji 



<L*^- .X* $J>.«J' i'ju^as 



146 (XXVIII)* . <Uak^ Acjj, 

370 <uti telJ 

33*, 32f, 33f-40 (II)f . . <UilS 

If (JUM J^laT 

20f . . . . c^lsrv^JI i-Jd 
172* . . . ^^A\ {J ^\ c_;l^ 

146 (XXVIII) * 



261f 



u*^ y 



*w 



>lrf 



158 Ad.* . ^Jc-^i <u!jj l-jI^" 



115f 



Lw,y 



»la* 



284 (IX) UjJ 



No. 

2*-3* uJll^ 

418 . cdU Jlk*^ oULH ^Lii" 

54, 303f Jj£a£ 

329f ...... ^^b ^^ 



24 ^iiM 

123 <ulii 

416f ajdJbls* l>Ui 

168 <-J*X\ d <ul£ 

312f .... 

305 ^r^ tzAS$ 

293, 115f . . . ig"\*r ti>l^ 



j^l cl-'UK 



L5 






99 .... 
104, 284 . . . 
107 ... . 
33 Of . . . L-~j jjl ^jjljs chilli 
330f ^Jbl ^jJ! c-^-i t^Jli «-^^ 
306* (II) . . . ^JL^-j Oj\& 
.Lij ^J-^wj .ljji) iL.^»j^ <u»-.li 

339, 419, 340, 117 . . (jLj\j 

370f If-*- .US 

272f <uU jUi 

9 j515jJ1j^ 

45 Ad. . . . (Xiij^\ i'Ju*-2j) 



394f . . 
271, 272f 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 



427 



No. 

329f U \JLJ\ jf 

115f JLi\jJd^ 

104 (VIII), 284 (VIII), 287, w laJ^ 

341-347, 421-3, 348*-349* 
200 (izAji £j'\j) [m f***) J j\ ^^ 

809f C^ks u lAlf 

313f . . . 
272f . . . 
272f . . . 
44 . . . 
38* . . . 
119f . . . 
239 . . . 
203f . . . 
339f . . . 




T^' 



-A LJ> 



-) +S*'\ . 



L->\jS$\ 



>Ui\ 






U uJ 



j^jb 'ftj'j^ 



339f 
404f 



(•& (J ^ fjj 



339f i—fij^k uiSUal 



273f . 
360-361 



■A*'- 



L5~J V 






146 (XXIV)f . 
293f .... 



^yW t^y 



372 



293f «0^^1 ^X^W-yJO £-*U! 
57 U^jJ^ 



No. 

293f . 
290f . 
280 . 
297 . 



-li 



JJ 



t5— r Ur-f ; ^ 
_j^^L w y^»j JJ 

^Uij uji^j JJ 
JJ 



^AjU ^^r 



(-5 



^rju^iu 



216-217, 411, 218f 

39-40 (I) . . . . J^lc #U 

39-40. . . jarfJ! (jw,J aIjIjo* 



90f 



Lr 



V** 5 *-0 : 



281-282, 283*. . ,j£i** ,j?yJ* 
^jjl-c (jl-ri. Li^4*j ^^i. 
109, 375 (XII) 
244 .. , 



256, 255f 
253 . . 
116f . . 

395 . . 









116f (^ j: u L=rj^) JllJ! ^-^sr* 

306 *\yj£\ t ^sr* 

146 (VIIl)* . . UjJ-^l t ^sr« 



146 (V)*. 



-Lul 1 



j-^jsr' 



57, 280, 297, 290f, 293f JJ w ^sr* 
Ij sli Jk^sr 1 * *.siLa« _j <U.lsr* 
227 *U .jlj 



273f .... 
296 .. . . 
314-315 . . . 
401 f -U^l ^Us^ 1 



Jacl la*^* 



428 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 



fol] jik- 




331 ^iJir^ 

389* ji>jsz\ ^jjU^ j i *Jb JJ1 —^ 

53 4_5 JaSJui* ^J (jS ^y* U-J J2'i-uu»* 

90 Jit 

39-40 (I) .... 



/£»- <cJl iiA.'W* .jJ-Ltf (JJLa,* 

372f *Ui 

375 (V, 3) . . . JL^ ^^U 



339f . 



L^ 



ii^.LHIA. 



5 J' J 



49 . . . 
50-51, 52* . 

332 
283 
78f 

( &* U jy+~i ) cfj y**J 
75, 196f 

H5f 'AjbiW Jo\i* 

375 (V, 1) . . t»*j~») J»J>- tje\^* 



GENERAL INDEX OE ALL WORKS. 



429 



No. 

375 (V, 2) . . <OLi. u-a)j \ja\u* 
405 Ji^SH ^L^Jj-SyEN ^*L- 
329f .... fCj^ L-^sru^ 
141 . jjilfs^-jrli c^UUI i^^aciL* 
334, 115f . . ^y^ b J ^lX>JLx* 
337 . . . {j^^j^sTj C^i^xLx* 
115f . . O^lai J-*-« \\ji cuU/l^.« 



115t . . 
115f . . 
115f . . 
115f, 108f . . . j 

115f . . J|*X*J& ^j-MflJ 



\Jus L< L2J\QJG*X* 



^0* 






p Jlk!l _l^ 



96 ^., 



30 . ^-mj 
339[ (^. 
331f . . 
325 . . 
370f . . 
255f . . 
37 . . 
306 (II)f 
241 . . 
303, 54f 

185f i—Jy 

335 . (jiisT ^d*J (^UDl) ts?*J 



^ •- •• • V 

C^l^lf* 

t Njlilf* 

. . . . ^JJt ^ 

. . . . jfa*jja\j 
. Jlii {j*i\Z£. s\J* A*\j 

. . . . \fa~ J l^)lj 



No. 

412 <&\j& {^ 

330 \*)jzx\ ijmj\j£- i-S i^-ill \jmj\su 
293f ^J^ euls* 3 

Wis* 






55 .... 
313f ... 
108| .... 

30t, 370t ^J JJ 

5* . . ui'JtXsrl i_^J si <J> ^jLgJ 

370f <U jJj 

6, 7* AfiSJl ^f 

290f ^*-! <G 

9* 23f Jjj 

33, 146 (XV)* .... <uij. 
196 . ^.yifj j~s»\ cjlcli* 

205-207, 76, 331f . ^.-l; cj'juIj 
( J-c^jlri- C^~**J £-J^) C-jUJ»U 
82, 375 (II) 

234f jr?*^ cyU5\j 

290f *Lsll ^--« 



21-22, 167* . . ^LcW 



>U 



254 



j|) L=_*^ 
*L£»- <u\j (J^aCUaJ I 146 (IX)* 



82, 375 (II) . . dbljJu». *Jlij 
235 ^jj~- £^ 

159 Ad.* 

159* to\<\£\ &j}jj 

385 (fjji^ <-i <ol JJb) ^Jo^JI iJl^Xfc 



CT 



JuoJI LIjjs. 



430 



GENERAL INDEX OF ALL WORKS. 



No. 

146 (III)* . . . ^+A«jjA\ LU.fi> 

385, 158, 181*-184* c^ill d tA&b 

39-40 (II) sd.1! Z>\*Jb 

181 . . (*p A&-) ^_<~>j\j &Ajsj& 

182-184 (*,Ur>- dl»0 , ^,\j &j\&b 



247* 290f 
247* . . 
293f . . 



L-& 






'jy 



No. 

142-143 . . 

202, 146 (X)* 
297f . . . 
203f . . . 
272f . . . 






( ^W) lsal;« *— i-!»j 



294-295, 424, 293f 



431 



GENERAL INDEX OF AUTHORS AND OTHERS. 



Those marked thus * are Authors and Translators. 

,, ,, t are Copyists and Caligraphers. 

,, ,, j are Patrons, Owners, Editors, and others incidentally mentioned. 

The references relate to the number of the entries in this Catalogue. 
Ad. attached to a number refers to Addenda et Corrigenda. 
Numbers in heavy type signify large or complete works. 

,, ordinary type signify short pieces or extracts. 

,, italics signify works containing incidental reference to persons. 

The definite article " Al " has been dropped. 

Abbreviations : Ah. = Ahmad ; b. = Ibn ; Has. = Hasan ; Hus. = Husain ; 
Khw. = Khwajah; M. = Mirza ; Mah. = Mahmud; Muh. = Muhammad; 
S. = Sayyid; Sh. = Shaikh. 



JAbadi 242 

+ Abaqa-Khan 104 (VII) 

% 'Abbas (Shah) the Great 240 

* X 'Abbas (Shah) II ... 241, 304 
t 'Abbasi (Ghulam Hus. b. Sh. Muh. 

'All) 242 

* 'Abbasi (Khw. 'Abd-Latif) ... 273 

* 'Abd 'Ali (Sh.) 34 Ad. 

t 'Abd-allah b. Ja'far Jaza'iri ... 53 

* 'Abd-allah b. Muqaffa' ... 339-340, 117 
X 'Abd-allah b. Nur-Dln ShusTARi 85 
* 'Abd-allah (Maulana) HatifI ... 297 

* 'Abd-allah Muh. AnsarI HarawI 94 

* 'Abd-allah Muh. BukharI ... 4, 156 
t 'Abd-allah Sadr-Din 330 

* 'Abd-allah (Sh.) Yamani Yafi'i 391, 242 

* 'Abd- 'Aziz (Sh.) 87 

t 'Abd-Fattah b. S. Isma'il Hasani 396 Ad. 
t 'Abd. Ghaffar b. 'Abd-Karlm 392 Ad. 

* 'Abd-Ghafur (Maulana) 355 

t 'Abd - Ghani b. 'Abd-allah b. 

'Usman b. Shihab-Din-LahaurT 402 

* 'Abd-Hamid b. Hibat-allah . . . 

b. Abl Hadid 7 



X 'Abd-Haqq (Sh.) Dihlawi 18 

* t X 'Abd-Jawwad 376 

X 'Abd-Karlm (Mulla) 331+ 

X 'Abd-Karlm (Mir Amir-Khan) Sindhi 219 
* 'Abd-Latif (Khw.) 'Abbasi ... 273 

t 'Abd-Latif (Haji) b. 'Abd-Kahim 

b. Muh.-DA'uDi-Tabrizi ... 399 

t 'Abd-Latif b. Sh. Muh. b. N5sir... 163 
* 'Abd-Latif Musawi ShusTARi ... 85 
X 'Abd-Majld (Khw.) Harawi ... 413 
X ' Abd-Malik b. Marwan (Kbalif) ... 389 

* 'Abd-Qadir Bada'uxi ... 325, 107, 329 

t'Abd-Qadir (Sh.) 403 

*% 'Abd-Qadir (M.) BIdil 313-318, 306 ( VI) 

t 'Abd-Qadir b. Makhdum 41 

X 'Abd-Qadir (Sh.) JIlani ... 104, H% 

* 'Abd-Qahir JurjanT ... 39-40(1) 
X 'Abd-Eahim (Maulawi) .. 139-140 

* 'Abd-Eahim b. Ah. Sur Bihari ... 418 
+ 'Abd-Eahim Hazini ... 306 {V) 

* X 'Abd-Eahim (M.) Khax-Khanan 

205-207, 76, 107 

* 'Abd-Eahman b. Muh. b. 'All 

b. Ah.-Hauafi-Bistaml ... 405 



432 



GENERAL INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



* 'Abd-Rashid MadanI TatawI 

X 'Abd-RasQl Qasim 

t 'Abd-Ra'uf 

* 'Abd-Samad b. Afzal Muhammad 
X 'Abduh (Sh. Muhammad) 

« 'Abd- Wahid AmidI TamImI 



141 
291 
343 
332 
6 
8 



* 'Abd-Wahid(Sh.)WAHSHAT Thanlsarl 110 

t 'Abd-Wajid (Mulla) 211 

X 'Abd-"Wasi' JabalI 115 

*Abshihi (Muhammad KhatIb) ... 53 
X Abu 'Abbas 'Abdallah b. Muh. Saffah 

(Khallf) 389 

* Abu 'Abd-allah Muh. b. 'Abd-allah 

Ibn Malik TusI 399 

* Abu- 'Ala Ah. b. 'Abd-allah b. 

Sulaiman-TANUKKi-MA'ARRi ... 404 
•Abu 'All Ah. (Imam) b. Muh. b. 

Hasan-MAiizuai 403 

* Abu 'All Ah. b. Muh. Miskawaih 261, 95 
*+Abu 'AH b. 'Abd-allah b. Abu 

SIna 393, 146 (XX), 330 

* Abu 'AH H us. Baghdad! ... 162 

X Abu Bakr Siddlq U* 

*Abu-Barakat 'Abd-allah NasafI 9 

X Abu-Barakat NIshapurI .,. ... 215 
*Abu-Faid(Sh.)FAimFA\'YADl 30, 325,203 
*Abii-Faraj 'Abd Rahman J uzl ... 164 

* Abu-Faraj b. Harun Maliti ... 165 
t Abu-Fath b. Firiiz SiddIqI 407, 412 

* Abu-Fath Nasir Mutarizl 39-40 (I) 
% Abu Fada'il Sa'id Daulab b. Sa'd 

Daulab Abu Ma'all b.Saif Daulab. 1+0J+ 

* Abu-Fadl 'Abd-Rahman Jalal-Din 

b. Kamal-Din Abl-Manaqib Abi 

Bakr SdyutI Shafi'I 381 

* Abu-Fazl(WazirSh.)'ALLAMi 78,208-210 

327, 332, 340, 247, 325, 146 (XII) 

* Abu-Fazl Muh. Jamal Quraishi 139-140 
*Abu-Fida (Prince) 166 

* Abu Hamid (Imam) Muh. b. Muh. 

Ghazai.1 TusI (Hujjat al-Islam) 394 

* Abu Has. 'Alib. Hus. b. 'Ali-MAS'UDi 389 

* Abu-Hasan b. Ibrahim QazwInI ... 86 

* Abu-Hasan Muh. SharIf-RadI ••• 6 



Abu Hasan (Yamin-DaulahAsaf Khan) frlS 

JAbuHaiyan 168 Ad. 

JAbu-Ishaq (SJi.) 106 

* Abu Ishaq Ibrahim b. 'Abd-allah b. 

'Abd-Mun'im Shihab-Din b. Abi 
aldam-Hamdanl-HamawI ... 390 

* Abu Isma'Il Husaini Ispahaul Ma- 

danI Tughra'I ... 44 

*Abu Ja'far Ah. MuqrI BaihaqI 

Ja'farak ... ... ... 61 

* Abu Ja'far Muh. b. Jazir TabarI 

19, 43, 146 (IV) 
X Abu Jandal ... ... ... 31 

* Abu Lais Nasr SamarqandI ... 38 
*X Abu-Majd Majd-Dln SanI'I 273, 281 

* Abu Mansur 'Abd-Malik Sa'IlabI 60 
*Abu Muh. 'Abdallah b. As'ad b. 

'AH Nazll Haramain Sharlfaiu 
YamanI Yafi'I ... 391 

* Abu Muh. b. Sa'id 162 

*X Abu Muh. Qasim HarIrI 50-51, 52, 167 
X Abu Muhammad TabrIzI ... 19 

* Abu Nasr Isma'Il ( Imam) b. Hammad- 

Jauhari-FARABl 401 

* Abu Nasr Isma'Il JauharI 139-140 

* Abu-Qasim (Aqa) 375 (V) 

*X Abu-Qasim Hasan FirdausI 

265-269, 98, 270, SU 

* Abu-Qasim Mahmiid FXryabI ... 189 
X Abu-Qasim Najm-Dln Ja'far b. 

Muh. b. Yahya b. Sa'id HillI 386-388 

* Abu Qasim Rlzl 371 

* Abu-Qasim SimnanI SasanI ... 118 

* Abu Raihan (Muh.) B'irUnI ... 161 
X Abu Salim ("Wazlr) Muh. b. Talhah 

Quraishi 53 

* Abu - Salt H ar awI 43 

*+ Abu SIna (Abu 'AH b. 'Abd-allah b.) 

146 (XX), 330 

* Abu Talib Husaini KhurasanI 75, 199 
*AbuTalib(M.)KALlMHAMADANl306(VII) 
*+ Abii Talib Khan Hindi IspahanI 

90, 93, 324, 106 
*Abu Tammam Habib b. Aus Ta'i 403 

* Abu-Tayyib 'AH MutanabbI ... 46 



GENERAL INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



433 



*AbuTurabBeg 281 

* Abu 'Umar Muh. . . . b. Hayyuyah 

Khazzaz... ... ... ... 162 

* Abu-Walld (Imam) Muh . Ghassani 

AzraqI ... ... ... ... 166 

X Abu Tusuf HamadanI 273 

% 'Adil-Shah (Isma'il) ... U6 (XI) 
X 'Adil-Shah Naslr-Din Ibrahim) ... 200 
* 'Afif (Shams-i Siraj) 204 

* Afzal-Din (Imam) Ibrahim Khaqani 

90-100, 274-276, 278, 277 

* Afzal-Din (S. Muh.) Sabit ... Ill 

J Ahli Shirazi 2U 

X Ahmad (Mulla) 413 

f Ahmad (S.) 369-370 

X Ahmad- Shah 411 

% Ahmad (Shah) Abdali 410 

* + Ahmad (S.) 'Alawi 'AmilI. 372, 68 
t Ahmad 'AH b. Ja'far 'All ... 288 

* Ahmad 'All Payam 376 

* X Ahmad Ansari ShirwanI 

55-56, 29, 58-59 

% Ahmad b. 'Abd-Rahim 108 

t Ahmad b. 'Ah. Husaini Hakari .. . 162 
f Ahmad-Bakhsh (Sh.) 327 

* Ahmad (Khw.) b. A'sam KufI 192-193 
X Ahmad b. Hus. b. 'All Shihab-Din 394 

* Ahmad . . . Ibn Khallikan 

21-22, 167 

* Ahmad b. Mas'ud HarkamI ... 37 

* Ahmad b. Muh. (Sh. Abu-Fadl) 

Maidanl-Nlshapuri ... ... 395 

* Ahmad b. Qasim b. Abu Usaibi'ah 

Sa'di Khazraji 429 

t Ahmad (S.) b. S. Ahmad 168 

t Ahmad b. Sulaiman 259 

X Ahmad (Sh.) Fariiqi ... 379-380 

* Ahmad-Husaim 373 

% Ahmad (Sir S.) Khf.u 211 

*AhmadRuMi 281 

X Ahmad (S.) Sandwi 189 

X Ahmad-Shah Abdali 228 

* Aithippa BTjapun 257 

+ Aitkinson (J.) 270,280 



124 


-125 


255 


-256 




31 


99, 


280 




261 




273 




299 




273 



* X Akbar the Great (Emperor) 

78, 208-210, 205, 261, 325, 327, 329-340 

* Akbar II (Emperor) 

* Akbar (Mir Muh. ArzanI)... 

JAkhtal 

X Akhtasan Minuchihr (Sultan) 

t 'Ala-Din 

X 'Ala-Din Ah. Khan 'Ala'I 
X 'Ala-Din KhiljI (Sultan) 
X 'Ala'i ('Ala-Din Ah. Klian) 

* X 'Alamgir (Emperor) 

214-222, 411, 42, 180, 201, 214, 374 
X 'Alam-Khan (Wazir Mir) ... 85 

t 'Alawi b. Sh. Ba-'abudBa-'alawi 390 Ad. 

* Alexander the Great 364 

* 'All (Mir) 373 

* 'Ali (Mir S.) MihrI IspahanI 375 (VII) 

* 'Ali (M. Ni'mat-Khan) 

82, 109, 146 (VI), 376 (I-IV, X-XII) 

* 'All (Imam) b. Abi Talib 

6, 8, 264, 365-366, 407 
*'Alib. Ah. AsADiTCrsi 271 

* 'Ali b. Ah. b. Abu Nasr b. BIsutCtn 

104, 284 
f 'All b. Ah. Hiiisi , 

*'All (Mub.) jABALWARDi ... 

* 'Ali (S. Sharif) Jurja.nI ... 
* 'All NaqI Khan 

* 'All Sadr-Dln MadanI . . . 
* 'All SayyidI (Sh.) 
+ 'All Shir (Wazir Mir) 

186-188, 191, 293, 296, 298 

X 'AliWardl Khan 232 

X Allahdad (Maul awl) 51,98 

* Allahdad Khan Fayyaz 353 

* 'Allami (Wazir Sh. Abh-Fazl) 78, 208-210 

327, 332, 340, 146 (XII), 247, 325 
X AlqamI (Wazir Mu'ayyad-Dln Muh. b.) 7 
X Aman-allah HusainI ... ... 115 

* Amidi (Abd-Wahid) TamImI ... 8 Ad. 

* + 'Amili (S. Ah. 'Alawi ... 372, 68 

* 'AmilI (Sh. Baha-Dlu Muh.) 54, 303 
*AmIn (Muh.) b. Abl-Hus. Qazwlni 409 
JAmlnAh. RazI 247 



166 Ad. 
.. 116 
398 
89 
.. 42,48 
.. 281 



434 



GENERAL INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



* Amm-Dln b. Abu-Makarim Amir- 

Khan 248 

* t Amir 'All RazwI (S.) ... 237, 238, 377 



126 

219 
281 



.. 416 

31 

31 

31 

351 

330 

306 (VI) 

200, 253 



* Amir- C hand 

X Amir-Khan (Mir 'Abd-Karlm) ... 
f Amir Quzl (Shah- Malik KbalidI) ... 
% Amir-Zadah Plr Muh . Bahadur 

Khan 

X 'Anir 

X 'Amr b. Malik b. Ja'far 

X 'Amr. b. Tufail 

t Amrat-Rai 

*AmulI(Muh. b. Mali.) 

* Anand-Rani Mukhlis 

X Anderson (J.) 

X Ankiyanu (Amir) 104 ( VII) , 284 ( VII) 
X Anqirawl (Isma'll) ... ... 281 

* Ansarl ('Abd-allah Muh.) Harawi 94 

* Ansarl (Jamal-Dln 'Abd-allah) 34, 35, 168 
•Ansarl (Mulla Khan Muh.) ... 196 

* X Anwarl (Auhad-Din) 146 (XXVII), 277 

* Apollonius (Iblonij'us) of Perga ... 28 
t Aqa Baba Ispahaul 

* ' ArabI (Sh. Muhyi-Dln Muh .) ... 
X ArrajanI (Taql-Dln Muh.) Shustari 
f Arshad (Mir Muh.) KhwafI 
X Arslan b. Mas'Qd (Sultan) 

* 'Aruzl (SaifI) Bukhari ... 296, 358 

* Arzani (Muh. Akbar) ... 255-256 

* X AsadI Tusi 271-272, 244 

*AsadI ('All b. Ah.)TCrsI 271 

X As'ad Pasha b. Sulaiman Pasha ... 65 

X Asaf-Daulah Asad-Khau 4-13 

* Asafi (Khw.) KashInI ... 306 (IV) 
*Asaf-Jah (Nizam-Mulk) ... 375 (IX) 

* A'sam KuFi(IOiw. Ah. b. 'AH b.) 192-193 

* Asar ... ... ... ... 376 

* Ashraf-Khan (Mir Muh. Husainl) 219 
t Aslam (Mir Muh.) MusawI ZanjanI 

* AstarabadI (Badr-Din HilalI) ... 
tAstarabadi (Muh. b. Hindu-Shah 

Yasarl) 

* AstarabadI (Radl-Dln Muh.) 



2-3 

153 
261 
262 

273 



322 
298 



13 
32 



* AstarabadI (S. Imtiyaz Khan Khalis) 

146 (XVIII), 311 (V) 

* X AstarabadI (S. Rukn-Dln Has.) 33, 32 

* Ata-allah (Amir S. Jamal Husainl) 191,420 

* 'Attar (Sh. Farid-Dln) 146 (XIV), 281 

* 'Aufi (Nur-Din) 119 

*JAuhad-Dln AnwarI 146 (XXVII), 277 

* Aus. Ta'I (Abii Tammam Hablb b.) 403 

* A'zam-Bakhsh 376 

X A'zam DIdahmarI 324 

X A'zam-Shah (Prince) ... 220-222 

jAzar 273 

t'AzIm-Khan 121-122 

X 'Aziz (Narayan-Kul) 234 

| 'Aziz Giikaltash Khan-i A'zam ... 273 

* AzraqI (Imam Abu -Valid Muh. 

GhassanI) 166 

* Ba-Saifain (Jawwad Sabat) ... 65 
*BabaNASiB 245 

* X Babar (Emperor) ... 76, 205-207, 374 
X Bacher (Dr. W.) 104 (XIX) 

* X Bada'unl ('Abd-Qadir) ... 325, 107, 329 

* Badl'-Zaman Hamadani 49 

* Badr-Din ChachI 292 

* Badr-Din Hilali AstarabadI ... 298 

* Badr-Din (Abu 'Abd-allah) Muh. b. 

Muh. b. 'Abd-allah Ibn Malik- 

Tusi 399 

t Badr-Din (Muh.) Shay Ahmad ... 249 
*Baghdadl (Abu 'All Hus.) ... 162 

* Baha-Dln (Sh.) Muh. 'AmilI 54, 303 
% Bahram b. Da'ud (Sultan) ... 102 
X Bahram b. Mas'ud (Sultan) ... 273 
X Bahram-Mirza 239 

* Baidawl (Naslr-Dln 'Abd-allah) 

1, 155, 412, 2-3 

* Baihaqi (Abii Ja'far Ah. MuqrI) 

Ja'farak ... ... ... 61 

* X Baillie (Col. J. B.) 127, 130, 133, 15 Ad., 

129, 132, 136, 39-40, 112, 124, 128, 146 
X Baisunghar-Mirza ... ... ... 296 

J Bakhshish 'All 225 

X Balfour (F.) 323 

X Balwant- Singh (Maharajah) ... 414 






GENEEAL INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



435 



* Eanda-i 'Ali 

* Barani (Ziya-Dlu)... 

* Barlow (Sir G.) ... 

J Basharat-Khan (Muh.) 



Ill 

... 204 

129 

186-188 (IF) 



* Bayani (Amir 'Abd-allah b. Muh. 

MarwakId) ... 331 

% Bazmi Qargi 299 

X Bharamal b. Rajmal 329 

* Bhupat-Rai 338 

X Bicknell (H.) 106 

* X Bldil (M. 'Abd-Qadir) 313-318, 306 (1 F) 

* Bidllsl (Idrls b. Husam-Din) ... 247 

*Bihishti 305 

X Bihishti (Sh. Ramazan) 305 

*Bin 'Azim-Din Muh. Khan 'Abd- 
allah (Maharat-Khan) ... 417 

X Bindraban (Rai) 203 

* Birdhai Radhakanta Tarka ... 328 

* Birj Indar Sawahl Jaswant-Singh 

(Maharajah) 414 

* Biruni (Abu Raihan Muh.) ... 161 
X Bisb-Rai b. Hargarb-Das ... 329 

* Bistami ('Abd-Rahman b. Muh. b. 

'AH b. Ah.-Hanafi) 405 

* Blsutun ('All b. Ah. Abu Nasr) 104, 284 

X Blochmann (H.) 77, 208, 358 

± Bodenstedt 106 

* X Brahmin (Chandarbhan) . . . 334, 115 

* Braj Ishwar-Das (Rai) ... ... 79 

J Briggs (J.) 200 

* Bukhari ('Abd-allah Muh.) ... 4, 156 
J Burgess (J.) 235 

* Burhan-Dln 'All MarghinanI 

158, 181-184, 385 
JBurhan-Din Khurasani (Maulana) J/.08 

* Burhan-Diu Mahmiid b. Sadr- 

Shari' Awwal 159 Ad. 

J Burhan-Dln (S.)TikmizI 281 

* Busirt (Muh. b. Sa'id) ... 45, 105 

* ChachI (Badr-Dln) 292 

* Chalabi (Hasan Fanari) 41 Ad. 

* X Chandarbhan Brahmin ... 334, 115 
t Chanpa b. Aithippa ... 251-252, 254 
X Chatarbhuj-Das 329 



* Chaturman Rai 


410 


X Chinglz Khan 


h06 


X Christison (Dr. E.) 


m 


X Clarke (H. W.) ... 


...104 (IX), 106 


X Courtlaud (Gen.) ... 


23k 


X Cowell (Prof.) 


291 


X Croix (Petis de la) ... 


73 


X D'Alegre ... 


... 104 (VIII) 


* Darnamlni ... 


34 Ad. 



*Damiii (Kamal-Dlu Muh.) ... 62 
f Dana- Ram 69 

* Danish (M. Razi) Mashhadi ... 307 
f X Daqa'iqi (Shihab-Diu Daulatabadl) 402 
X Darashikuh (Prince) ... 270, 307, 327 

X Darby (D.) 73 

X Darwlsh 'All (Maulawl) . . . 139-140 

*Da'iid (Muh.) 'Alawl ShadiyabadI 277 
fDa'udb. 'All b. Jamal ... ... 61 

f Da'udi (Hajl 'Abd-Latlf 'Ahd- 

Rahimb. Muh.-TabrTzi) ... 399 

* Daulat-Khan (Mulla) Tarzi 351-352 

X Daulat- Shah 106, 273, 296 

f Dauri (Muh. Haikal) ... 169,398 

fDavy (Maj.) 75 

*DawanI (Jalal-Din Muh. Siddiq ) 

146 (XXIV) 
$ Defremery (C.) 104 (VIII) 

* Di'bil Kjiuza'I 43Ad. 

X Dldahmarl (Muh. A'zam) 234 

fDieterici 29 

* Hiwan-Singh KijALia 322 

* Diya-Dln Abi Muh. Ashshab Ibn 

Baitar ... ... ... ... 25 

tDorn (B.) 104 (VIII) 

J Dow (Alex.) 121-122,200 

JDumoulin 104 (VIII) 

X Durga-Parshad (Rajah) 329 

X Eastwick (E. B.) 104 (VIII), 120, 339 
X Elliot (Sir H. M.) ... 290-292, etc. 

* Erpenius (Dr. Thomas) ... ... 171 

} Erskme (W.) 205 

JEthe(H.) 298,329,362 

* Euclid (Uqlldus) 27 



436 



GENERAL INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



J Fadil (S. Muhammad) 11-12 

f Fadl- Allah Asmar 147 Ad. 

* Faidi (Sh. Abu-Faid) Fayyadi 30, 203, 325 

f Fa'iqq 

% Fakhr-Din 'All Khan 

* Fakhr-Din 'AH SafI b. Hus.Wl'iz 

KashifI ... 

*FakhrRlzi 

* Farabl (Imam Abu. Nasr Isma'Il b. 

Hammad-Jauhaii) 

* Farahl (Mu'in-i MiskIn) Harawi 
t Farid (Mulla) 

* Farid-Din (Sh.) 'Attar 146 (XIV), 281 
% Farid-Diii (Sh.) Shakar-Ganj 
*Faryabl (Abu-Qasim Mahmud) 

JFath'Ali 

X Fath ' All Sh ah Qaj ar 

$ Fauche (H.) 



374 

50 

243 

164 

401 
190 
290 



374 

189 

106 

87 

325 



353 

372 
91 



* Fayyadi (Sh. Abu-Faid) Faidi 30,203, 325 

* Fayyaz (Allahdad-Khan) 

J Fazil-Khan 

* Fazil-Khan (Hafiz) 

* Fazl-allah h. Ruzbahan Khwajah 

Maulan a Ispahan! 105 

*FighSM (Baba) 306 (III) 

* t FirdausI (Abu-Qasim Hasan) 

98, 2G5-269, 270, 244 

* X Firishtah (Abu-Qasim Hindu-Shah) 

200, 249, 203 

* Firuzabadi (Majd-Dln Abu Tahir) 63-64 

* X Fitrat (S. Mu'izz-Din Muh. MQsaavT 



Khan) 
X Fitzgerald (E.) 
JFlugel (Prof.) 
X Forbes (Duncan) 
JFreytag (F.) 
X Galland 
X Gaudin 
X Gaulmin 
JGeitlin 
X Gentius 

* George b. 'Amid 

* X Ghani (Muh. Tahir) Kashmiri 

306 (VIII), 376, 273 



309, 115 

306 ( V) 

24 

35^ 

403 

239 

... 104 (VIII) 
239 

284 (IX) 

... 104 (VIII) 

b. Abi-Tayyib 165 



tGharshi (Muh.-Din 'All) 301 

* GhassanI (Imam Abi-Walld Muh. 

AzraqI) 168 

* Ghayyas (Ghiyas-Din Jamshld) ... 26 

* Ghaza.il (Imam Muh. Hujjat-Isi^m 

Tusi) 160, 394 

* Ghazall (Mahmud Tahir) 371 

{ Ghazan b. Abaqa-Khan 412 

* Ghazl-Din Haidar-Shah 

137, 142-143, 135, 136, 13S 
X Ghazi-Dm Khan (Wazir Shihab- 

DinKhan) 410 

X Ghiyas-Dlu (Khw.) 'AH b. Aqa. 

Mulla Qazwini 413 

t Ghiyas-Din (Sh.) Husainabadi ... 340 

* Ghiyas-Dln Jamshid Ghayyas ... 26 
| Ghiyas-Din Muh. (Wazlr) ... 185 
X Ghiyas-Din Muh. b. Yusuf Husaini 72 

* X Ghiyas-Din Muh . Khwand- AmIr 

72, 186-188, 203, 273 

JGhufran 101 

X Ghulam (Mir) 'AH 'Ishrat ... 299 
X Ghulam Husain ... 255 

* Ghulam Hus. TABATABA'i'Azimabadi 

225-226 
f Ghulam Hus. b. Sh. Muh. 'AH 'Abba's! 242 

* Ghulam Mustafa ( Hakim) Bih ari ... 253 

* Ghulam Yahya Khan ... 181-184 

* Girdhari ... ... ... ••• 237 

JGlta-Kishn 326 

X Gladwin (0. G.) 72,118,141 

X Gladwin (Francis) 104 ( VIII), 208, 350 

J Gbrres (J.) 265 

JGozzi 355 

X Graf (K. H.) 

104 (IV-VIII, IX, XI), 284 (IX) 

J Graham (J.) U4 

X Griffith (R. T. H.) 294 

JGubind-Rai 299 

X Guedeman (M.) 104 (III) 

* Gulandam (Muhammad) 106 

*HabIbb. Babbuh 57 

* X Had! (Muh.) KImwar-Khan 202, 211 

* Hadid ('Abd-Hamid b. Hibat-allah 

' b. Abi) ...' 7 



GENEEAL INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



437 



* Hadr b. 'Ata-allab. 

* Hafiz (Kim. Shams- Din) Shirazl 

106, 



2-3 

306 (I) 
169 



•j-Haikal (Muh.) DaurI 

* t Haj'I Khalfah (Mustafa b. 'Abd- 

allah Katib Chalabi) "... 24, etc. 

J Hajjiij b. Yusuf Hasib ... ... 27 Ad. 

fHakari (Ah. b. Ah. Husaini) ... 162 
J HamadanI (Abu Yusuf) 273 

* Hamadani (Badi'-Zaman) ... 49 

* Hamadani ('Imad-Din Mali. IlahI) 273 

* Hamadani (M. Abu Talib KalTm) 306 (VII) 
*Hamawi (Abu. Ishaq Ibrahim b. 

'Abd - allah b. 'Abd - Mun'im 
Shihab-Dinb. Abi aldam-Hamdani) 390 

* Hamdb. Muh. b. Abi Bakrb. Ahmad 

b. Nasr MustaufI QazwInI ... 406 

* Hamd- allah Must AuriQAzwixi 185, 406 

* Hamid (Shaikh) 308 

*Hamid-Khan 415 

J Hamilton (Charles) ... 181-182, 236 
% Hammer (J. von) 103,106 

* Haqa'iqi (Imam Afzal- Din Ibrahim 

KhaqInI) .. 99-100, 274-276, 278, 277 

* Harawi ('Abd-allah Muh. -ANSAKi) 94 
*Harawi (Abii-Salt) 43 

* Harawi (Nizam -Din Ah. b. Muh. 

MuqIm) 77 

% Harington (J. H.)2ft£ (J, IV, VII, VIII) 

* J Hariri (Abu Muh . Qasim) 

50-51, 52, 167 
*Harkarai (Ah. b. Mas'ud Husaiui) 37 

* % Harkarn b. Mathura-Das 333, 329 
X Hartmann (A. H.) ... 121-122 
X Hasan 'Ali (Maulawi) ... 139-UO 
f Hasan 'Ali b. Fath 'Ali Khan ... 76 

{ Hasan 'Ali 'Izzat 121-122 

X Hasan Beg (Sultan) ... U6 (XXIV) 

* Hasan Fanaii Chalabi ... 41 Ad. 

X Hasan b. Muh.-SiwXsi 396 

f Hasan b. Satilmish ... 152-153 

+ Hasan (Mir) Ispahan! 253 

X Hasan Sabah HumairI ... 306 (V) 

*Hashim'Ali 379-380 



tHashimi (Muh. Qasim) 305 

J Hastings (Warren) ... 181,328 

* Hatifi (Maulana 'Abd-allah) ... 297 
JHatim (Sh. ^ulmr-Diu) .. 378-380 
tHatimTa'i 35!+ 

* Hayyuyah-Khazzaz(Abu'UmarMuh.) 162 
X Hazini ('Abd-Rahim) ... 306 (V) 

X Henderson (Capt.) ... 91 

X Heron-Allen (E.) 306 (V) 

f Hidayat-allah 304 

f Hidayat-allah Shirazi 287 

* Hilali (Badr-Din) Astarabadi ... 298 
X Hilli (Abu-Qasim Najm-Din Ja'far 

b. Muh. b. Yahya b. Sa'id) 386-388 

* Hilli (Jamal- Din . . . b. Mutahhar) 

13-14, 386-388 

* Himyari (Nashwan b. Sa'id) ... 402 
X Himayat-Khan 35 

* Himmat-Khan (Mir 'Isa) .. 323 (III) 

JHindley (J. H.) ... 106 

X Hisari (Muhammad Quli) 205 

X Hisham b. 'Abd-Malik (Khalif) ... 389 

* Hujjat-Islam (Imam Muh. GhazalI 

Tusi) 160, 394 

|Hul-Chand 325 

+ Humairi (Hasan Sabah) ... 306 (V) 
X Hunter (Sir W. W.) U7 

* Hurufi {vide Bistami) ... 405 Ad. 
+ Husain (Hakim Muh.) Yunani ... 257 
X Husain (Mir Muhammad)... 181-184 
f Husain (Muhammad) ... 280,372 
X Husain b. 'Ali U2, J+20 

* Husain (Muh.) Tabriz! 373 

* Husain b. 'Ali Wa'iz Kashifi 

97, 263, 339, 419 
X Husain b. Ishaq 261 

* Husain-Din Khan 233 

X Husain Ghaznawi ... 299 

f Husain Quli Khan-Bahadur ... 264 
1 Husain Mirza (Sultan) 

293-294, 306 {IV), 331, 339 
*Husaini (Mir Ashraf-Khan Muh.) 219 
tHusaini (Muh. Kazim) 402 

* Huwaizi (Shihab-Din Miisawi) ... 47 Ad. 



438 



GENERAL INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



* t 'Ibad-allah 

178, 242, 293-295, 300, 312, 317 

* 'Ibad-allah Muh. Bakr 363 

* Ibloniyus (Apollonius of Perga) ... 28 

Jlbn-'Abbas 31 

% Iba 'Abd Rabbuh (Shihab-Dln 'All 

AndalusI) 53 

flbn 'Abd- Wahid Muhammad ... 47 
*Ibn-'AmId (George . . . b. Tayyib) 165 

* Ibn A'sam (Khw. Ah.) Kufi 192-193 

* Ibn-Aslr (Majd-Din Jazar!) ... 5 

* Ibn-Baitar (Diya-Din MalikI Ashshab) 25 

* Ibn-Hajib (Jamal-Dln Abu 'Amr 

'Usman) 32,33,36, 39-40(11), 123, 400 

* J Ibn Harkarn 333,329 

*Ibn-Juldl 29 

*Ibn Khallikan (Ah. b. Muh.) 21-22, 167 

* Ibn Malik (Abu 'Abd-allah Muh. 

b. 'Abd-allah Tusi) 399 

* Ibn Malik (Badr- Din Muh. b. Muh. 

b. 'Abd-allah) 399 

* Ibn Miskawaih (Abu 'All Ah.) 261, 95 

* Ibn Muh. Sa'ld Mustafa 70 

* Ibn Mulawwah (Qais b. Mu'ad) ... 57 

JIbnNadim 28 

f Ibn-Qutbl 161 

* Ibn Rabbuh (Hablb) 57 

JIbnSa'd 31 

f Ibn Satilmish (Hasan) ... 152-153 

* Ibn Slna (Abu 'All) 393, 146 (XX), 330 
f Ibrahim (Haji)b. Sh. 'Abd-Rahman 25 Ad. 

t Ibrahim- Ibshlhl 389 

% Ibrahim b. Walld b. 'Abd-Malik 

(Khahf) 389 

X Ibrahlm-Mirza (Sultan) ... ... 73 

X Ibrahim Sabbagh 25 Ad. 

X Ibrahim- Shah 273 

* Ibrahim Shaukat Bukharl ... 310 
X 'Ibrat (Mir Ziya-Din 'All) ... 299 

* Ibshlhl (Ibrahim) 389 

* Idrls b. Husam-L>Iu BiDLisi ... 247 

t Ihsanl (Musa b. Has.) 14 

$ Ikhwan Safa 29 Ad. 

X Ikram-Dln Khan (Mufti) 18 



X Ikram-Khan 


... 291 


* X Hahl (Majd-Dln Sana'!) 


273, 281 


* Ilahl ('Imad-Din Mah. Hamat 


anI) 273 


f Ilahl-Bakhsh 'Azlmabadl ... 


... 347 


JIlaql(Sharaf-Dln) 


... 330 


X Imdad 'All (S.) 


... 329 


X Imdad-Daulah (Wazlr) ... 


... 303 


* Imdad-Dln Mah. IlahI HamadanI 273 


* Imru-Qais b. Hajar b. Imrl-Qindl 




146 (XXI) 


* Imtiyaz (S.) Khan Khalis 


311 (V) 


* 'Inayat-allah (Sh.) Dihlawi 


121-122 


X 'Inayat-allah Khan 


... 216 


f 'Inayat-allah ShlrazI 


... 104 


* 'Isa (Mir) Himmat-Khan 


323, 111 


* Isar-Das PatanI 


... 218 


X Isfara'inl (Sa'd-Dln Sa'd-allah) ... 166 


* Isfara'inl (Taj-Din Muh.) 


38 


* Ishaq Shaukat Bukharl ... 


... 310 


J'Ishrat (Ghulam 'All) 


... 299 


* Ishwar-Das (Eai Braj) 


79 


* Iskandar Beg MunshI 


... 240 


X Islam-Khan (Amir) 


375 {VIII) 


* Ismail 'Adil-Shah 


146 (XI) 


X Ismail AnqirawI 


... 281 


X I'tibar-Khan 


333 


* I'timad-Daulah ("Wazlr) 


. 212,413 


f 'Iwaz (S.) Shamsabadi ... 


... 297 


X 'Izzat (Hasan 'AH) 


121-122 


* 'Izzat-allah (Mir) 


91 


| Jabali ('Abd- Was!') 


... 115 


* Jabalwardi (Muhammad 'All) 


... 116 


{ Ja'far Beg b. Badl'-zaman b. 


Aqa 


Mulla Qazwlni ... 


... 413 


f Ja'far (Mirza) 


90 


f X Ja'far (Muhammad) 


95 


* Ja'far (Muhammad) 


375 


* Ja'far (Muh.) Husaini Makkl 


... 407 


X Ja'far (Nawwab Mir) 


... 126 


f Ja'farb. Fazl-allah HazwI 186 


-188(1-111) 


* Ja'far Sadiq (Imam) 


363, 367 


* Ja'farak (Abu Ja'far MuqrI BAiHAal) 61 


f Jagan-Nath 


68 



GENERAL INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



439 



* t Jahanglr (Emperor) 211-212, 68, 351-352 
% Jahanglr-Mirza (Prince) ... ... 125 

*Ja'IsI (Malik or Shah Muh.) ... 299 
% Jai Singh (Rajah of Amber) ... J/.17 

* J Jalal-Dln 'Abd-Rahnian Suyuti 

5, 163, 384, 175, 255 
% Jalal-Dln Malik-Shah ... 306 (V), 417 

* Jalal-Dln Muh. Siddlqi DawanJ 

146 (XXIV) 

* t Jalal-Dln Rum! ... 281-282, 283, 273 

* Jalal-Dln b. Shams-Din KhwarizmI 

158 Ad. 

* Jamal-Din 'Abd-allah AnsarT 34-35, 168 
X Jamal- Din Abu Ishaq (Amir) ... 330 

* Jamal-Din Ibn Hajib 

32-33, 36, 39-40 (II), 123, 400 

* Jamal- Din . . . b. Mutahhar Hill! 

13-14, 386 

* Jamal-Din Has. b. Inju ... 115 (VIII) 
*Jamal-Dln Muh. b. ' Abd-Rahman 

QazwIni 41 Ad. 

* Jamal- Din Nizam! 101-103, 279 280 

* % Jamal-Din (S. Muh.) ' IIrfI ShlrazI 

107, 300-302, 376 

* Jamal-HusainI (Amir ' Ata-allah) 191, 420 

* Jamal-Quraishl (Abu-Fazl Muh.) 139-140 

* Jam! (Nur-Dln 'Abd-Rahman) 

293-295, 424, 281, 115 

J Jan (Mirza) 108 

% Jan 'All (Maulawl) ... 51, 139-UO 

f Jan (WafI Muh.) Harawl ... 8 

% Jam Muh. b. Sh. Muh. JilanI ... 115 

* Jan-Janan (M.) Mazhar 321 

* Jar-allah Mali. Zamakhshari 31, 53, 2-3 
+ Jarrett (Maj. H. S.) 163 

* Jaswant-Singh (Birj Indar Sawahl) 414 

* Jauharl (Abu Xasr Isma'Il) 139-140 

* Jawad Sabat ... ... ...65 Ad. 

% Jawan-Bakht (Prince) 37/f 

* Jawwad Sabat Ba-Saifain .. 65 
■\ Jaza'irl ('Abd-allah b. Ja'far) ... 53 

* Jazarl (Majd-Dln Ibn-AsIr) ... 5 

* Jazarl (Shams-Din Abu-Khair) ... 172 
X JUanl (Hakim Maslh-Dln) ... 107 



X JilanI (Jam Muh. b. Sh. Muh.) ... 115 
X JUanl (Sh. 'Abd-Qadir) ... 10^,242 

X Jones (Sir W.) 15 

X Judishtir (Rajah) I/.10 

* JurjanI ('Abd-Qahir) ... 39-40 (I) Ad. 

* JurjanI (Sayyid-SharIf) 170, 398 

* JurjanI (Zain-Dln Abu Ibrahim)... 257 

* JuwainI (Shams- Din) ... 104 (IV) 

* Juzl (Abu-Faraj 'Abd-Rahman) ... 164 

X Ka'b b. RabI' 31 

X Kachru (Purbar- Pandit) 23k 

J Kahl (Qasim) 115 

X Kaiqnbad (Sultan Mu'izz-Dln) ... 291 
t Kaisar (A.) 205 

* Kali-Das Hindi 370 

* Kallm (M. AbuTalib) HamadXnI 306 (VII) 

* Kamal-Din Khwaju-KikmanI ... 272 

* Kamal-Dln Muh. DamIrI 62 

{ Kamal-Dln Shlrzad (Sultan) ... 273 

* X Kamwar-Khan (Muh. Had!) 202, 211 
t Karlm-allah (Khw.) ... 411,413 
X Kasembeg ... ... 386 

* KashanI (Khw. AsafI) ... 306 (IV) 

* KashanI (Muh. Muhsin) ... 11-12, 179 

f Kashi (Muh. Ishaq) 42 

t Kashl (Taql) 273 

*Ka9hifl(Fakhr-DlnSAFl) 243 

*Kashifl (Hus. b. 'All WX'iz) 

97, 117, 263, 339, 419 
f Kaw (Muh. Qull) Kashmiri ... 306 

*Kazim 379-380 

* Kazim (M. Muh.) ... 214-215, 216-217 

JKeene (H. G.) 97 

X Khafl-Khan (Wazlr) U2 

* Kbair-allah 145 

J Khair-Dln Khan b. Lutf-allah ... 392 

* Khalfah (Hajl Mustafa b. 'Abd-allah 

Katib ChalabI) 24, etc. 

JKhalid 31 

JKhalll (Muh.) Sahib 115 

*Khaliq (Dlwan- Singh) 322 

* Khalis (S. Imtiyaz Khan) AstarabadI 

146 (XVIII), 311 (V) 



440 



GENERAL INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



* Khallikan (Ah. b. Muh.) ... 21-22, 167 

* Khandan (Sultan Muh.) 373 

X Khan-i A'zam ('Aziz Gtikaltash) ... 273 

* % Khan-Khanan (M. 'Abd-Rahim) 

76, 205-207, 107 
f Khan Muh. (Mulla) Ansari ... 196 

JKhanykov 99,278 

* Khaqani (Imam Afzal-Din) 

99-100, 274-276, 278, 277 

* Khatib (Muh.) AbshIhI 53 

* % Khayyam (Hakim' Umar) 306 (V), 3 11, 88 

* Kliazzaz (Abu . . . 'Umar Ibn 

Hayyuyah) ... 162 

% Khilji (Sultan 'Ala-Din) 299 

f Khiyali-Rani 79 

X Khuda-Bakhsh 273 

* Khurasan! Abu Talib Husaini 75, 199 
•f Khurasani (Muh. b. Jalal-Din) 

156, 159, 371 
*Khushdid 376 

* X Khusrau (Amir Saif-Din) 

120, 290-291, 115 
f Khwafi (Mir Muh. Arshad) ... 262 
X Khwafi (Sh. Zain-Dln) 205 

* Khwajah Maulana Ispahani (Fazl- 

allah) 105 

* Khwaju Kirmani (Kamal-Din) ... 272 

* X Khwand-Amir (Ghiyas-Diu Muh.) 

72, 186-188, 203,273 

* | Khwand-Mir (S. Muh. b. Burhan-Dm) 

71, 186-188, 72 

* Khwarizmi (Jalal Din b. Shams-Din) 

158 Ad. 
X Kishn-Das Basdivr ... ... 329 

* Kufi (Khw. Ah. or Muh.b. A'sam) 192-193 



f La'1-Chand 


... 216 


X Lallu- Singh 


... 329 


* Lai -Ram b. D til ah- Ram ... 


... 203 


X Langles 


75 


X Lescallier (Baron) ... 


... 329 


X Leyden (Dr. J.) 


... 205 


X LisanI 


... m 


X Lowe (W. H.) 


... 106 


X Lumsden (M.) 


... 55, 98 



t Lutf-allah Musaavi Shustar! ... 85 
*Ma'arri (Abu-'Ala Ah. b. 'Abd- 

allah b. Sulaiman-TANuKHi) ... 404 

* Madani ('All Sadr-Din) 42,48 

I Madhu-Ram 329 

* Maghribi (Muh.) 281 

* Maharat - Khan (Bin 'Azim-Din 

Muh. Khan' Abd-allah)" ... 417 

* Maharat-Khan (Hakim) Ispahani 247 

* Mabbubi (SADR-SjjARi'AH 'Ubaid- 

aliah) 159 

tMahdi 101-3 

X Mahdi (Mirza) 98 

t Mahmud 'Adil (S_h.) 427 

X Mahmud (Sultan) Ghaznawi 265, 296 

* Mahmud-Tahir GpAZALi 371 

*Maidani (Sh.-Abu-Fadl. Ah. b. 

Muh.-Nishapuri) 395 

X Majd-Daulah (Nawwab) 75 

fMajd-Din 331 

* Majd-Din Abu Tahir FiRUZABADi 63, 64 

* Majd-Din Jazari Ihn-Asir. ... 5 

* Majnun (Qais Ibn Mulawwah) ... 57 

* Makhmur (Murshid 'Ali Klian) 375 (IX) 

X Malak Shah (Sal jtiqi) W 

t Malik 373 

X Malik-Haidar ChadawarI ... 231/. 

% Malik Kamil 25 Ad. 

X Malik (Muhammad) 250 

X Malik-Muzaffar 390 

* Malik or Shah Muh . Ji'isi ... 299 
% Malik-Shah (Jalal-Din) ... 306 (F), 417 

* Maliti (Abu Faraj b. Harun) ... 165 
J Mama, Bakauo 173 

* Mansur b. Muh. b. Ahmad ... 416 
X Maqbul Ahmad 82 

* Mar'ashi(QaziS.Nur-allah) S_hustari 244 

* Marghinani (Burhan-Din 'Ali) 

158, 181-4, 385 

* Martyn (Rev. H.) 425 

X Marwan (II.) b. Muh. b. Marwan 

(Khallf) 389 

* Marwarid (Ami ' Abd -allah b. Muh .) 331 



GENERAL INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



441 



* Marzuql (Imam Abu 'All Ah. b. 

Mub. b. -Hasan) 403 

*Mashqi 281 

JMashriq! (Sh. Nur-Haqq) ... 291 

JMasih-Din Jilani (Hakim) ... 107 

% Mas'ud b. Ibrahim (Sultan) ... 273 

Mas'udi (Abu-Has. 'Ali b. Hus. b. 

'Ali) ... ' ' ... 389 

% Ma'sum (Hakim Mub.) Ispahani ... 257 

* Ma'tuq b. Shihab-Din Musaw! ... 47 
t Mayani (Haji Shams-Din) ... 240 

* Mazhab Ispahan! 376 

* Mazhar (M. Jan-Janan) 321 

t Mazhar-allah b. Khair-allah ... 354 
JMeynard (Barbier de) ... 104 (IX) 

t Mihrban b. Faridiin Pars! ... 235 

* Mihri (S. 'Ali) Ispahani ... 375 (VII) 

*Minto(Lord) 129,132,135 

J Mir 'Alam-Khan (Wazir) ... 85 

f Mir 'Ali 373 

t Mir Hasan Ispahani ... ... 253 

* X Mir 'Isa Himmat-Khan 323, 111 
X Mir Ja'far (Nawwab) 126 

* X Mir-Khwand (S. Muh. b. Burhan- 

Din) 71,186-8,72 

X Mirza, Sultau Muhammad ... 408 

* Miskawaih (Abii 'Ali Ah. b. Muh.) 261, 95 

* Miskin (Mu'in-Din) 190 

JMoghul Beg (M.) 347 

JMohl(J.) 265 

* Moira (Lord) 129 

X Mu'ayyad-Din (Wazir) b. AlqIm! 7 

X Mu'azzam-Daulah (Muh. 'Ali Khan) 125 

*Mubad-Shah 69 

X Mudabbir-Mulk 197 

t Mueller (A.) 429 

X Muhammad 'Abduh (Sh.) ... 6 

* Muhammad Akbar Arzan! 255, 256 

f Muhammad Akrarn Ivhalq 32 Ad. 

t Muhammad 'Ali 81 

* Muh ammad 'Ali ... ... ... 244 

* Muhammad 'Ali JabalwardI ... 116 
J Muhammad 'Ali Khan Mu'ajiz.am- 

Daulah 125 



* Muhammad 'Ali Sa'ib Tabriz! 

304, 306 (I-IV) 

* Muhammad Amiu b. Abi Hus. 

Qazwini ... ... ... ... 409 

t Muhammad (Mir) Arshad Khwaf! 262 
t Muhammad Aslam ZanjanI MusAwi 322 
| Muhammad A'zam DioAHMARi ... 234 

* Muhammad b. Ah. MusTATJFi HarawI 

192, 193 
X Muhammad (Wazir) b. 'Ali ... 106 
t Muhammad Baqir B.Api ... ... 28 

X Muhammad b. Atabak Sa'd b. Zingi 

101/. (1X\ 

* X Muhammad (S.) b. Burhan-Din 

Mir-Khwand ... 71, 186-8, 72 

X Muhammad b. Has. b. 'Alib. Muh. 

b. 'Ali (Imam) 420' 

f Muhammad b. Has. b. Muh. 

ShahrastanI 394 

t Muhammad b. Hindu-Shah Yasari 

AstarabadI ... 13 Ad. 

t Muhammad b. Jalal-Din Khurasan! 

156, 159, 371 

* Muhammad b. Mahmud AmulI ... 330' 

* Muhammad b. Muh. b. Murtada RadI 

11, 12 

* Muhammad b. Muh. Siraj - Din 

SajawandI ... ... ... 16-17 

X Muhammad b. Rustam b. Qubad 214, 216 

* Muhammad b. Sa'id BusiRi 45, 105 

* Muhammad Da'ud 'Alawi Shadiya- 

BADi 277 

t Muhammad-Din 'Ali Ghaus_hi ... 301 

X Muhammad Fadil (S.) 11, 12 

t Muhammad Haikal-DAURi 170, 398 
f Muhammad Husain ... 280,372 
X Muhammad Husain (Mir) 181-4 

* Muhammad Husaiui (Mir Ashraf- 

Khan) 219 

* Muhammad Husain Tabriz! ... 373 

* Muhammad Hus. Yunani (Hakim) 257 
t Muhammad Ishaq Kash! ... ... 42 

t + Muhammad Ja'far ... ... 95 

* Mohammad Ja'far 376 

* Muhammad Ja'far Husain! Makki 407 



442 



GENERAL INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



* Muhammad Ja'isi (Malik) ... 299 

* Muhammad Kazim (M.) 

214, 215, 411, 216, 217 
t Muhammad Kazim -Husaini ... 402 
X Muhammad KhalU Sahib ... 115 

* Muhammad-KHATiB-ABSHJHi ... 53 

* Muhammad MaghribI ... ... 281 

% Muhammad Malik 250 

X Muhammad Ma'sum Ispahanl(Hakini) 257 

* X Muhammad Mirza (Sultan) SafawI 

87, 81, 73, 76, 86, 93, 112 

* Muhammad Murad (Mir) 323 

* Muhammad Murad MusawI ... 256 

* Muhammad Nasir Hakim - BashI 

Karim-Khan ... ... ... 311 

* Muhammad Qadiri ... ... 350 

t Muhammad Qasim HashimI ... 305 

* X Muhammad Qasim Hindu-Shah 

Firishtah 200, 249, 203 

$ Muhammad Qull His arI 205 

t Muhammad Qull Kaw Kashmiri . . . 306 

* Muhammad Riza ... ... ... 283 

X Muhammad Sa'Id ... 92 

f Muhammad Sa'id Tabati 7 Ad. 

* + Muhammad Salih 81, 121, 122, 292 

X Muhammad Salih (Sh.) 115 

J Muhammad Salih Shirazi (Hakim) 194 

* Muhammad SaqI Musta'idd-Khan 

216, 217, 411 
t Muhammad Shaft' Munshi ... 213 

J Muhammad-Shah (Emperor) ... 417 
t Muhammad Shah (M. S.) ShahanI 206 

* X Muhammad Sharif Mu'tamad-Kh.vn 

213, 211 

* Muhammad Sultan ThanIsarI ... 325 
X Muhammad Tahir MustaufI ... 281 
t Muhammad Taqi b. Sh. Ghulam Hus. 289 
t Muhammad Turab Sarangpuri ... 352 
t Muhammad Yusuf ... 309,312 
X Muhammad Yusuf NaqshbandI ... 335 

fMuhan-La'l 323 

t Muhibb 'All Shirazi 240 

fMuhkim-Singh 125 

* Muhsin b. Murtada KashanI 11, 12, 179 



X Muhsin Fan! Kashmiri ... 306 ( VIII) 
X Muhsin Zii-Qadr 115 

* Muhyi-Din (M.) 234 

t Muhyi- Din Khan 346 

*Muhyi-DinMuh. 'ArabI 153 

* Mu'In-Dln (Mu'In-MiskIn) 190, 389 

* Mu'in Wa'iz (Mulla) 281 

* X Mu'izz-Din Fitrat MusawI-Khan 

309, 115 
| Mu'izz-Din Kaiqubad 291 

* Mu'izz-Din Muh. Husaini ... 373 

* Mukhlis (Rai Anand-Ram) 306 (VI) 

* Mukhlis-Khan 376 

X Mukhtari ('Usman) 273 

* Mulawwah (Qais b. Mu'ad b.) ... 57 

X Mulla Ahmad 413 

X Mumtaz-Mahal (Empress) 374, 413 

X Mumtaz-Zamani Arjumand-Banu 

Bigam 
X Munir (Mulla. Abu-Barakat) 
X Munkhafa Khau 

* Munshi (Iskandar Beg) 
tMunshi (Muh. Shaft') 

* M unyari ( Sh . Yah y a) 

* Muqaffa' ('Abd-allah b.) 
} Muqlm (Khw. Muhammad) Harawi 

* Muqlm (Nizam-Dlu Ah. Ibn Muh.) 

Harawi ... 

* Muqrl (Abu Ja'far Ah.) Baihaqi . 

* Murad (Mir Muhammad) 

X Murad- Bakhsh (Prince) ...305, 375 (IX) 
f Murad (Muh.) MOsawI 256 

* Murshid 'All Khan MakhmOr 375 (IX) 

* Murtada Abu Qasim AH b. Tahir 6 Ad. 

* Murtaza Qull Khan Wala 375 (IX) 
t Murtazii Qull QazwInI ... 363-8,383 

X Miisa HIdI (Khalif) 389 

fMiisa b. Has. IhsanI 14 

* Musawi (Ma'tuq b. Shihah-Din) ... 47 
fMusawT (Mir Muh. Aslam ZanjanI) 322 
t Musawi (Muh. Murad) 256 

* X Musawi (Mu'izz-Din Fithat) 309, 115 

* Musawi (Shihab- Din) 47 



413 

108, 115 

42 Ad. 

... 240 

... 213 

.. 383 

117, 339, 340 

77 



77 

61 

323 



GENERAL INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



443 



* Musharraf-Din b. Muslib-Dln Sa'dI 

Shirazi 104, 284-9, 341-9, 146 

(XXIII), 376 

t Mustafa (Haji) 225 

* Mustafa b. ' Abd-allah Katib Shalabi 

HajI Khalfah 24, etc. 

* Mustafa (Gliulam) Bihar! 253 

* Musta'idd-Khan (Muh. 'All Sa'ib) 

Tabrlzl 304, 306 (I-IV) 

* Musta'idd-Khan (Muh.Saqi) 216, 217, 411 

% Mustansir billah (Khalif) 390 

JMustaufi (Muh. Tahir) 281 

*Mustaufi (Muh. b. Ah.) Harawi 192, 193 
*Mustaufi (Hamd-allah) Qazwinl 185, 406 
*}Mu'tamad-Khan (Muh. Sharif) 21Z,211 

* Mutanabbi (Abu-Tayyib 'All) ... 46 

* MutarizzI (Abu-Fath Nasir) 39, 40 (I) 

tMutl-La'lb.Muhan-La'l 341 

t Mutl-La'l b. Rajah-Ram 342 

t Muwaffiq (Imam) 306 (V) 

+ Muzaffar (Malik) 390 

t Najib-allah SiddIqI 197 

* Najm-Dln Khan (QazI) 180 

*Nakhshabi (Ziya-Din) 350 

*NaqIb-Khan b. 'Abd-Latlf HusainI 325 
JNaqshbandi (HajlMuh. Yusuf) ... 335 

% Narayan-Kul 'Aziz 234- 

-f-Narsingh-Das 325 

*NasafI (Abu-Barakat 'Abd-allah) 9 

t Nasarianz (S.) 104 (VIII) 

* Nashwan b. Sa'Td-HiMYARi ... 402 

* Nasib (Baba or Mulla) 245 

* Nasirabadi (Muh . Tahir) 88 

J Nasirai Hamadanl ... ... ... 115 

*Nasir-'AHSirhindI(Sh.) 312 

% Nasir-allah Shirazi 339 

* Nasir-Din 'Abd-allah BaidawI 

1, 155, 412, 2, 3 
J Nasir-Din 'Abd-Rahman (Sultan) 95 

% Nasir-Din (Sultan) Khilji ... 277 

*JNasIr-Dln(Khw.)Tusi 27,95,96 

262, 392, 393, 396-8, 179, 261 
X Nasir-Din 'Ubaid-allah ... ... 243 





115 


,1) 


395 




180 




18 


Im 






77 




290 



* Naslr (M.) Haklm-BashI Karlm- 

Khan ..." U6 (XVII) 

* Nasiri (Yusuf b. TaghrI Bird!) ... 23 

t Naubat-Rai 75 

X Nawa'I ("Wazir Mir 'AH Shir) 

186-8, 191, 293, 296, 298 

X Nazar 'AH Shah 353 

X Nesselmann . . . ... ... ... 106 

tNi'mat-allah(QaziSh.) 277 

* Ni'mat-Khan (M. Nur-Din) 'AlI 

82, 109, 146 (VI), 376 (I-IV, X-XII) 
X Nishapurl (Abii-Barakat) .. 

* Nishapurl (Ah. b. MuIi.-MaidanI 

* Nizam (QazI Sh.) 

* Nizam- Din (Mufti) 

* Nizam-Din Ah. b. Muh. Mua 

Harawi ... 
X Nizam-Din Auliya, (Sh.) ... 
X Nizam-Din (Amir) Sh. Ah. Suhaili 339 

* Nizami ( Jamal - Din Abu Muh . 

Ilyas) 101-3, 279, 280 

*Nizam-i Madrasa-i Jalali (Mah. 

Tahir GhazalI) 371 

* Nizam-Mulk (Asaf Jah) ... 375 (IX) 
X Nizam-Mulk (Wazir) ... 306 (V) 

JNott(J.) 106 

JNu'man 31 

fNiir (Sultan Muh.) 373 

tNur'AH 244 

*Nur-allah (QazI) Mak'ashI ShCstarI 244 

* X Nur-Din 'Abd-Rahman JamI 

293-5, 281, 115 
*Nur-Dln (Sh.) Muhammad ... 157 

*Nur-Dln Muh. 'AufI 119 

X Nur-Din (Sh.) Wall 245 

X Nur-Haqq (Sh.) MashrigI ... 291 

fNiir Muhammad 304 

X Nusrat-Din Abu Bakr (Atabak) ... 101 

+ Oas 31 

X Olearius (Adam) 104 ( VIII ) 

JOuseley (W.) 106, etc. 

* Paras-Ram b. Kishtan-Dlw ... 326 

*Payam (Ah. 'AH) 376 

JPayandah (M.) Has. Ghaznawi ... 205 



444 



GENERAL INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



JPir Muh. 'AzmI 97 

X Pir Mub. Bahadur-Khan (Amir- 

Zadah) kl6 

JPizzi(L) 265 

X Plato 261 

X Platts (J. T.) 10k (VIII) 

J Price (Maj. D.) 211 

X Purbar-Pandit Kachru 23k 

JQa'b 31 

*Qadir 379, 380 

*Qadiri (Muh.) 350 

t Qahr-Din (Mir) MusaavI 123 

J Qais 31 

X Qais b. Hamzah ... ... ... 31 

JQais b. 'Innab 31 

* Qais b. Mu'ad Ibn Mulawwah ... 57 
t Qasim (Muh.) Hashinii 305 

* X Qasim (Mub.) Hindu-Sliah Firishtah 

200, 249, 203 
X Qasim KahI ... ... ... 115 

* Qazwini (Abu Hasan b. Ibrahim) 86 

* Qazwini (Amir Yahya Husaini) ... 239 

* Qazwini (Hamd-allah MustaufI) 

185, 406 

* Qazwini (Jamal-Dln Mub. b. 'Abd- 

Rahman) ... ... ... ...41 Ad. 

*Qazwini (Muh. Amin b. Abi-Hus.) 409 

* X Qazwini (Zakariyyab.Muh .) 362, 247, 203 
X Qizil Arslan (Atahak) ... 101,103 
X Qudrat Ahmad (Maulawi) 291 

* Qudurl 158 Ad. 

* Quhistani (Shams-Din Mub. Khura- 

sani) ... ... ... ... 159 

+ Quli (Muh.) HisarI 205 

t Quli (Muh.) Kaw Kashmiri ... 306 

* Quli (Murtaza) Khan Wala 375 (IX) 
t Quli (Murtaza) Qazwini 308, 363-8, 388 
*Quli (Muh.) SalIm ... 375 (VIII) 

+ Qumi (Malik) 115 

+ Qutb-Din 108 

*Qutb-Din (Mulla) ... 146 (XXVIII) 

X Qutb-Din (Khw.) Bakhtiyar KakI 37k 
X Qutb-Shah ('Abd-allah) ... k$, 307 

X Ra'dandaz-Kban ... ... ... 338 



*Radhakanta (Birdha'i) Tarka ... 328 
tRadi(Muh. Baqir) 28 

* Radi (Mub. b. Muh. b. Murtada) 11, 12 

* Radi-Din Mub. RADi AsTARABADi 32 

*RafT' (Muh.) Sauda 382 

tRahat'Ali 216,217 

* Rai Chandarbhan (Rai IvlianMunshi) 410 

* Rai Chaturman ... ... ... 410 

* Rai Khan Munshi (Rai Chandarbhan) 





410 


* Rai Zadah Chaturman Rai 


... 410 


JRajQ'ulwi 


.. 108 


X Ramazan (Sh.) BihishtI ... 


... 305 


* Ranchurji (Diwan) 


... 235 


*Ranjhur-Da.s 115, 


336, 337 


* Raqim (MTr S. Sharif) ... 


... 246 


X Rashd-Khan Hasani 


... 372 


* Rashid-Din (Amir Fadl-allah) 


20 


* Rasliid-Din VfATWAT 


... 366 


* Rau.sban 'Ali Ansari 


... 359 


+ Ray (Pratapa- Chandra) ... 


... 325 


* Razi (Abu Qasim) ... 


... 371 


X Razi (Amin Ah.) 


... 2k7 


*RazT(Fakhr) 


164 


* Razi (Mir) Danish Mashhadl 


... 307 



t Razwi (Ja'farb. Fazl-allah) 186-8 (I-III) 

* f Razwi (S. Amir 'Ali) ... 237, 238, 377 

+ Redhouse (J. W.) 281 

J Richardson (J.) 106 

* Riza (Muhammad) 283 

X Riza Beg (M. Aqa) 306 

X Robinson (S.) 106, 265, etc. 

| Rogers (A.) 29k, 339 

X Rosen (G.) 281 

X Rosenzweig (Von) ... ... ... 29k 

X Ross (J.) 10k (HI, VIII) 

X Ruckert (F.) ... 10k (IX), 265, k03 

* X Rukn-Din (S.) Has. AstarabadI 33, 32 
X Rukn-Din Muh. Qadiri Hisari ... 273 
*Rumi (Ahmad) 281 

* Riimi (Maulana. Jalal-Diu) 281, 282, 283 

* Rustam- Jang (Murshid 'Ali Khan) 

Makhmur 375 (IX) 



GENERAL INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



445 



+ Ryer(A. du) 10k (VIII) 

* X Sa'adat 'All Khan (Nawwab-Wazlr) 

128, 131, 134, 132, 127, 130 

* Sa'alabI (Abu Mansiir 'Abd-Malik) 60 
% Sabit b. Qurra SabI (Abu Hasan) 27 Ad. 

* Sabit (S. M. Afzal-Dln) Ill 

+ Sachau(E.) 161 

{ Sa'd-allab. (Mir) ShahabadI ... 234 

X Sadasheo-Bhao 228 

t Sa'd-Dln (Muhammad) 94 

* Sa'd-Dln Mas'ud TaftazanI ... 41 
X Sa'd-Dln Sa'd-allah Isfara'inI ... 166 

* Sa'dl (Musharraf-Din b. Muslih-Dln) 104 

284-9, 341-9, 146 (XXIII), 376, 421-3 

* Sadr-Dln ('Abd-allah) 330 

* Sadr-Shaii'ab('Ubaid-allahMAHBUBl) 159 

* X SafadI (Salah-Dln Khalll b. Aibak) 44, 23 

% Safawi (Sulaiman-Shah) 88 

X Safawi (Sultan-Husain) ... 375 ( VII ) 

* X Safawi (Sultan Muh. Mirza) 

87, 81, 73, 76, 86, 93,112 
*SafI 311 (IV) 

* SafI (Fakhr-Dln 'AH KashifI) ... 243 

+ SafI-Shah 21,0 

X Sahib (Mub. Khalll) U5 

t Sahib-Singh. Fathpiiri 334 

* Sa'ib (M. Mub. 'AH) Tabriz! 

304, 306 (I-IV) 

X Sa'Id (Muhammad) 42 

X Sa'Id-Dln Sa'd-allab Isfara'inI 166 

* Sa'Id (b. Muli.) Mustafa 70 

X Sa'Id Tughrul b. Arslan 103 

* Saif-Dln (Mirza) 234 

* I Saif-Din (Amir) Khusrau 

120, 290, 291, 115 

* Saifl Bukharl 296,358 

*SajawandI (Muh.b.Muh.Siraj.Dln) 16, 17 

* SakkakI (Siraj-Dln Yusuf b. Abl 

Bakr) 41 Ad. 

* X Salab-Dln Khalll b. Aibak-SAFADl 44, 23 

*Salih (Muh.) 81, 121, 122 

jSalih (Muh.) 292 

JSalih (Sh. Muh.) 115 

tSalih Muh. Siham 270 



X Salih (Hakim Muh.) ShlrazI ... 194 
*SalIm (Muh. Quli) ... 375 (VIII) 
*SalIm-aUah 231 

* Samarqandl (Abii-Lais Nasr) ... 3S 

* X Sana'I (Hakim Majd-Dln) 273, 281 

X Sanbha b. Slwa Bajah 410 

JSandrie(G.) 147 

X Sandwi (S. Ahmad) 89 

* SaqI (Muh.) Musta'idd-KhIn 216, 217 
JSarkhush 312 

* Sasa.nl (Abu Qiisim Simna.nI) ... 118 

*Sauda(M. Muh. Rafi') 382 

t Sayyid Ahmad 369,370 

I Sayyid Ah. b. S. Ahmad 168 

X Sayyid Ahmad Khan (Sir) 211 

X Sayyid Ahmad SandwI ... ... 89 

* Sayyid! (Shaikh 'AH) 281 

* Sayyid- Sharif JuejanI ... 170, 398 

* Sayyid Wall (Mir) 264 

JSchack 265 

X Schitter ... ... ... ... 355 

X Schlechta-Wssehrd ... 104 (IX) 
X Scott (Jonathan) ... 191, 192, 200, 225 
X Seton (Hon. A.) 67 

* ShadiyabadI (Muh. Dii'ud 'Alawl) 277 

t Shafl' (Muh.) MuNSHl 213 

X ShahabadI (Mir Sa'd-allab) ... 234 
tShahanl (S. Muh. -Shah) 206 

* + Shahjahan (Emperor) 89, 241, 213, 

304, 329, 334, 409, 410, 413, 417 

t Shah-MahmudNlshapurl 373 

t Shah-Malik KhalidI AmIr QuzI ... 281 
t Shahr-allah. b. Shams-Din ... 239 

f ShahrastanI (Muh.b. Has.b. Muh.) 394 

* SbaibanI 158 Ad. 

* Shaikh Hamid 308 

X Shakar-Ganj (Sh. Farld-Dln) ... 374 

JShaml 102 

t ShamsabadI (S. 'Iwaz) 297 

% Shams - Din (Malik) ... 104 (VII) 

* Shams- Din Abu-Khair JazarI ... 172 
X Shams-Din b. Talhah MisrI ... 53 
f Shams-Din (Ha] I) MayanI ... 240 



446 



GENERAL INDEX OP AUTHORS. 



* Shanis-Din Hafiz Shirazi 106, 306 (I) 

* Shams-Din JuwAiNi ... 104 (IV) 

* Shams-Din Khurasani QuhistanI 159 Ad. 
% Shams-Din Sultan Muhammad ... 408 

* X Shams-Din Tabrizi 311 (III), 281 
X Shamshir-Khan 270 

* Shams-i Siraj 'AfIf 204 

* Sharaf-Din 'Ali YazdI 73, 194, 195, 408 
J Sharaf-Din Ilach 330 

* Sharaf-Din (Sh. Yahya) Munyahi 383 
X Shari'at-allah (Mulla) 181-4 

* X Sharif (Muh) Mu'tamad-Khan 213,211 

* Sharif-Kadi Abu-Has. Muh. ... 6 

* Sharif (Mir S.) Eaqim 246 

* Shaukat (Muh. Ishaq) Bukhari ... 310 
t Shay Ah. (Muh. Badr-Din) ... 249 

+ Shea(D.) 69 

X Shihab-Din 'All AndalQsi Ibx 'Abd 

Babbuh ... ... ... ... 53 

* Shihab-Din b. 'Abd-Karim ...250-2 
t X Shihab-Din-Daulatabadi-DAQA'iQl 402 

* Shihab-Din (Amir) Ibn Muh. 

MARWARiD 331 

X Shihab-Din Khan ("Wazir GhazT- 

Din Khan) 410 

t Shihab-Din Makhdiimiyyah 

Ivhwarazmiyyah ... 246 

* Shihab-Din MusAwi 47 

% Shihab-Din Suhrawardi 413 

* Shir 'Ali (SjiiR Hamlah) 335 

* Shir-Hamlah (Shir 'Ali) 335 

* Shiri (Mulla) 325 

+ Shir- Shah Sur (Sultan) 299 

* X Shirwani (Ah. Ansari) 55, 56, 29, 58, 59 

t Shiw-Bakhsh 333,335 

*Shiw-Parshad 236 

*Shiw-Suhai 329 

+ Shuja' (Shah) 106 

* Shumunni ... ... ... ... 34 Ad. 

+ Shustari ('Abd-allahb.Nur-Din) ... 85 

* Shustari ('Abd-Latif MusAwi) ... 85 
f Shustari (Lutf-allah b. Baha-Din) 85 

* Shustari (Qazi Niir-allah Mar'arhI) 244 
+ Shustari (Taqi-Din ArrajanI) ... 261 



X Sibawaih 31 

t Siddiqi (Abii-Fatli b. Firuz) 407, 412 

t Siddiqi (Najib-allah) 197 

t Siham (Salih Muhammad) ... 270 

* Sikandar Beg MuNgHi 240 

* Simnani (Abu-Q,asim) SasanI ... 118 
JSiraj 307 

* Siraj-Din (Muh. b. Muh.) Sajaavandi 

16, 17 

* Siraj-Din Yiisuf b. Abi Bakr- 

Sakkaki 41 Ad. 

* Siraj-Haqq (Siraj-Din? 15 Ad.) 

15, 386-8 

JSiwaEajah 410 

X Siwasi (Hasan b. Muh.) 396 

X Slane (Baron McGuckin De) ... 21, 22 
X Southeimer (Dr. Joseph von) ... 25 

+ Starkenfels 265 

X Stewart (Maj. Charles) 75,90 

+ Sudi 106 

JSuhaili (Amir Nizam- Din Ah.) ... 339 

*Sujan-Eai 201 

% Sulainmn b. 'Abd-Malik (Khalif) 389 

X Sulairnanshikuk (Prince) 76 

f Sultan Muhammad Gujarati ... 339 
X Sultan Muhammad (Mirza) ... 408 

* Sultan Muhammad Khandan ... 373 
t Sultan Muhammad Nur 373 

* Sultan Muhammad THANisARi ... 325 
+ Sundar-Das 329 

* X Suyuti (Jalal-Din 'Abd-Eahman) 

5, 163, 384, 34 Ad., 175, 255 
t Swinton (George) 324 

* Tabari (Abu Ja'far Muh. b. Jazir) 

19, 43, 146 (IV) 
*Tabataba'i (Ghulam Husain 'Azimabadi) 

225, 226 
X Tabrizi (Abu Muhammad) ... 19 

* X Tabrizi (Shams-Din) 311 (III), 281 

* Taftazani (Sa'd-Din Mas'ud) ... 41 

* Taghri Birdi (Yiisuf b.) Malik! Ansari 23 

* Tahir (Mahmiid) GhazaiI ... 371 

* JTahir (Muh.) GhanI Kashmiri 

306 (VIII), 376, 273 



GENERAL INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



447 



J Tahir Muhammad Khan 358 

X Tahir Muhammad MustaufI ... 281 

* Tahir (Muhammad) NasIrabadI ... 88 
+ Taj-Din (Mulla) 181-4 

* Taj-Din Isfara'ini Fadil 38 

t Taj-Din Mazandarani 179 

X Talhah (Shams-Din) Misri ... 53 

X Talhah (Wazir Abu Salim) Quraishi 53 

* Tamiml ('Abd-Wahid AmIdI) ... 8 
*TanukhT (Abu-'Ala Ah. b. 'Abd- 
allah b. Sulaiman-MA'ARRi) ... 404 

+ TaqI Auhadi 273 

t Taqi (Muh.) b. Sh. Ghulani Hus. 289 
J Taql-Dln Arraja.ni ShustarI ... 261 

JTaqiKASHl 273 

*TarI-Chand 112 

*Tarka (Birdha'I Radhakanta) ... 328 

* Tarzl (Mulla Daulat-Khan) 351, 352 
+ Tassy (Garcin de) 284 (IX) 

* Tatawi ('Abd-Rashld Madani) ... 141 

* Tawakkul Beg b. Tuluk Beg ... 270 
t Tawashi ('Ali b. 'Abd-allah) ... 2h2 
t Tayyibb. Shaikh Husain 420 

* Thakur-La'l Munshi 79 

* Thanisari (Sultan Muh.) 325 

+ Tholuck 281 

X Thompson (W. S.) ... U6 {XXIV) 

* Timur (Amir) 75, 196-9, U Ad., U6 

X Tippu- Sahib (Sultan) U8 

X Tirmizi (S. Burhan-Din) 281 

JTroyar(A.) 69 

JTrumpp 311 

X Tughluq (Sultan Muh . b.) ... 292 

* + Tughra (Mulla) Mashhadi 

146 (VIII), 375 (IX), 115 

* Tughra'i (Abii Isma'il Husaini 

Ispahani Madani) ... ... 44 

t Turab (Muh.) Sarangpuri ... 352 

*Tusi (Abu 'Abd-allah Muh. b. 

'Abd-allah Ibn Malik) ... 399 

* J Tusi (Abu-Qiisim FirdausI) 

98, 265-70, 2U 

* X TusI ('Ali b. Ah. Asadi) 271, 272, 2U 

* X Tusi (AsADi) 271 , 272, Uk 



*Tiisi (Badr-Din Muh b. Muh. b. 

'Abd-allah Ibn Malik) 399 

*Tiisi (Imam Muh. GhazalT) ... 160 

* X TusI (Khw. Nasir-Din) 27, 95, 96, 

262, 392, 393, 396-8, 170, 261 
*'Ubaid-allahMahbubiSADR-SHARl'AH 159 

* 'Ubaid-allahMas'udb. Sadr Shari'a 

Than! 159 Ad. 

*Udai-ChandSalimabadi 83 

X Ulja'itu (Sultan) 330 

JUlughBeg 26 

+ 'Umar b. 'Abd. 'Aziz b. Marwan 

(Khallf) 389 

* X 'Umar Khayyam 306 (V), 311, 88 

* Uqlldus (Euclid) 27 

* X 'Urfi (S. Jamal-Din) ShirazI 

107, 300-2, 376 

X Urquhart (J. W.) 68 

X 'Usman Mukhtari 273 

X Vansittart (Henry) 231 

t WafI (Muh. Jan) Harawi ... 8 

JWahidi k6 

+ AVahl 106 

*Wahshat ('Abd-Wahid) Thanisari 110 
*WahshlYazdI 306(11) 

* Wa'iz (Mulla Mu'In) 281 

* Wala (Murtaza Qull Khan) 375 (IX) 

* Wall (Mir Sayyid) 264 

* + Wall (Shah Wall-allah) 

378, 113, 376, 379, 380 
X Walld b. 'Abd-Malik (Kjialif) ... 389 
X Walld II. b. Yazid II. (Khallf) ... 389 

* Watwat (Sh. Rashld-Din) ... 366 

J Weston 265 

X Whinfield (E. H.) 281, 306 [V) 

+ Wilkins 325 

X Wolf (Ph.) 10!f(VIll) 

JWollaston (A. N.) 339 

* X Xavier (Geronimo or Hieronymo) 

68, 372 

+ Xavier"(J.) 372 

* Yafi'I (Sh. 'Abd-allah) Yamani 242, 391 

* Yahya (Amir S.) Qazwini ... 239 
*Yahya (Sh. Sharaf-Din) MunyakI 383 



448 



GENERAL INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



X Yamln-Daulah Asaf Khan (Abu- 
Hasan) klS 

% Ta'qub (Sultan) 506(111) 

-f Yaqiit Mu'jiz Qalam ... 148 Ad. 

* Yazdi (Sharaf-Din 'All) 73, 194, 195, 408 

* Yazdi (WahshI) 306(11) 

J Yazid (II.) b. 'Abd-Malik (Khalif) 389 
+ Yazid (III.) b.Walldb. 'Abd-Malik 

(Khalif) 389 

f Yusuf (Muh ammad) ... 309 , 3 1 2 

* Yusuf (Prophet) 363 

* Yusuf b. TaghrI Birdi Malik! 

Ansari ... ... ... ... 23 

J Yusuf (Muh.) Naqrhb'andI ... 335 
% Zaiar-Khan 30If 

* Zahirl (Yusuf b. TaghrI Bird! 

Malik! Ansari) 23 

* Zain-'Abidln b. Ibrahim Ibn Najim 

Misri 10 

± Zain-Dnl Abu Bakr Taibadi ... 103 



*Zain-Dln Abu Ibrahim Isma'Il 

Jurjan! ... ... ... ... 2.57 

X Zain-Din Khwafi ... ... 205 

*Zain-Dln (Imam) Muh. Ghazali 160 

X Zain-Din Sultan All Mlrza ... 1/.08 

* X Zakariyya, b. Muh. Qazwlnl 362,247, 203 
tZanjanl (Mir Muh. Aslam) MusawI 322 
X Zlb-Nisa' Blgam (Princess) ... 180 

X Zimmern 265 

J Ziya-allah 266, 267 

* Ziya-Dln Abi Muh. Ibn-Baitar ... 25 
X Ziya-Dln 'All 'Ibrat 299 

* Ziya-Dln BaranI ... ... ... 204 

* Ziya-Dln Nakhshabi 350 

* Zuhrl (Abu Muh. b. Sa'ad b. 

Mani'a) 162 Ad. 

JZuhur-Dln (Sh.) Hatim ... 378-80 

X Zuhurl (Mulla) 115 

X Zulfuqar-Khan 120 

*Zurawar- Singh 328 



449 



LIST OF RARE, ILLUMINATED, AND FINELY 
WRITTEN MSS. 

{a) Arabic. 

2, 3. Al-Is'af fl Sharh Shawahid al-Qadi w- al-Kashshaf . {Rare.) 

6. Nahj al-Balaghah. [Illuminated and icell written.') 
11, 12. Sharh Mafatih al-Shara'i'. {Rare.) 
15. Fiqh al-Imamiyyah. {Rare.) 
20. Jami' al-Tawarikh. {Illustrated, a.h. 707.) 

27. Tahiir Uqlidfis. {Contains fifteen Boohs in abridged form.) 

28. Makhrutat Ibloniyus. {Probably contains portion of the missing 

Eighth Book.) 

37. Nadir al-Bayan fi 'Ilm al-Nahw. {Rare.) 

38. 'Ubab al-Lubab fi Taudlh Daqa'iq al-I'rab. {Rare.) 

41. Al-Mukhtasar fi 'Ilm al-Ma'anT. {IsfarcC inV & rare work.) 

47. Diwan Shihab al-Din al-Musa. {Rare.) 

62. Hayat al-BTaiawan. {Contains bibliography of 757 ivories, 
a.h. 805.) 

149. Al-Quran al-Karim. {Illuminated and well written; copyist, 

Ydqut-Mufiz-al- Qalam.) 

150. Another elegant copy of the same work as above, but written 

in a different hand. 

159. Jami' al-Kumuz. {Rare.) 

161. Al-Asar al-Baqiyah 'an al-Qurun al-Khaliyah. {Illuminated 
and illustrated, a.h. 707.) 

175. Fragments of Qurans in Ivufic on vellum, very rare. 

394. Ihya. ' Ulum al-Din. {Written in excellent old Naslch, 
a.h. 781.) 

29 



450 LIST OF RARE MANUSCRIPTS. 

401. Al - Sahah fi al-Lughat. {Written in excellent Nasldi ; 

a splendid old copy, dated a.h. 667.) 

402. Shams al-'Ulum wa Dawa' Kalam al-'Arab min al-Kulum. 

{Rare.) 

{b) Persian. 

73 and 194. Zafar-namah. {Old and finely written.) 

85. Tuhfat al-'Alani. {Transcribed by the author's cousin.) 

104. Kulliyyat-i Sa'di. {Magnificent copy, richly illuminated and 
illustrated.) 

106. Diwan-i Hafiz. {Superb copy, illuminated and beautifully 
illustrated.) 

114. Illuminated figures representing conventional symbols of Rags 
and Raginis. 

119. Jawami' al-Hikayat wa Lawami' al-Eiwayat. {Illuminated 
and illustrated, a.h. 842-3.) 

\2& Farnian of the Emperor Akbar II. {Illuminated and well 
written.) 

126. Amlr-Chand's letter. 

127-38. Copies of official correspondence between the Nawwab- 

Wazlrs and the British. 
189. Maqasid al-Auliya. {Hare.) 
228. Bhao-namah. {Rare.) 
253. Mujarrabat al-Tadawi. {Rare.) 

261. Tahzib al-Akhlaq, the Persian version of Ibn Maskawaih's 

celebrated work on ethics. {Rare.) 
265. Shah-namah. {Illustrated and richly illuminated.) 
213. Sharh-i Hadiqah, by Abd al-Latlf. {Rare.) 
293. Kulliyyat-i Jam.!. {Illuminated frontispieces and well ivritten.) 

305. Kulliyyat-i Bihishti. {Rare.) 

306. Majma' al-Shu'ara'. {Part V contains a few unknown 

quatrains of ' Umar Khayyam.) 

326. Bhupal Shastra. {Original copy of the Persian version.) 
353. Ruh al-Qisas. {Rare.) 



LIST OF RARE MANUSCRIPTS. 451 

373. Specimens of calligraphy by celebrated calligraphers. 

374. Portraits and specimens of calligraphy. 
407. Bahr al-Ansab. {Rare.) 

409. Padishah-naniah. (Most probably the author's first sketch or 

brouillon.) 

410. Chahar Gulshan. {Rare.) 

415. Kh.ula.sat al-Atibba'. (A vast and unique thesaurus of the 
science of Medicine.) ' 



452 



CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF OLD DATED MSS. 

401. Al-Sahah fl al-Lughat. a.h. 667 (a.d. 1269). 

161. Al-Asar al-Baqiyah 'an al-Qurun al-Khaliyah. a.h. 707 

(a.d. 1307). 

20. Jami' al-Tawarikh. a.h. 707 (a.d. 1307). , . / , 

162. Tabaqat al-Kablr. aji. 718 (a.d. 1318)T r u^JH 
399. Sharh al-Alfiyyah. a.h. 735 (a.d. 1334)\ 

394. Ihya 'TJlura al-Dln. a.h. 781 (a.d. 1379). 

62. Hayat al-Haiawan. a.h. 805 (a.d. 1402). 

61. Taju al-Masadir wa Taju al-Asami. a.h. 842 (a.d. 1438). 

119. Jawami' al-Hikayat wa Lawami' al-Eiwayat. a.h. 842-3 
(a.d. 1439-40). 

38. 'Ubab al-Lubab fi Taudih Daqa'iq al-I'rab. a.h. 843 
(a.d. 1439). 

406. Ta'rlkh-i Guzidab. a.h. 848 (a.d. 1444). 

176. Injil-i Muqaddas. a.h. 854 (a.d. 1450). 

19. Ta'rlkh al-Umam w-al-Muluk. a.h. 876 (a.d. 1471). 

166. Akhbaru Makkah. a.h. 890 (a.d. 1485). 

281. Masnawi-i Ma'nawi. a.h. 892 (a.d. 1486). 

392. Tahrir-TJqlldus. a.h. 902 (a.d. 1496-7). 

5. Al-Durr al-NasTr. a.h. 907 (a.d. 1501). 

13. Mukhtalif al-Shl'ah fi Ahkam al-Shari'ah. a.h. 958 
(a.d. 1551). 

45. Qasidat al-Burdah Mutarjamah. a.h. 962 (a.d. 1554). 

104. Kulliyyat-i Sa'dl. a.h. 964 (a.d. 1556). 

44. Sharh Lamiyat al-'Ajani. a.h. 979 (a.d. 1571). 

27. Tahrir TJqlidus. a.h. 982 (a.d. 1573). 

55. Anwar al-Tanzil wa-Asrar al-Ta'wil. a.h. 992 (a.d. 1584). 

185. Ta'rikh-i Guzldah. a.h. 993 (a.d. 1584). 

286. "Dlwan-i Sa'di. a.h. 997 (a.d. 1588). 

188. Rauzat al-Safa' (vol. iv). a.h. 999 (a.d. 1590). 



453 



INDEX OF COLLECTORS OF MSS. AND 
THEIR DONATIONS. 

Anderson, David. 164, 165, 169, 170, 178, 180, 183, 185-8, 189, 
191, 192, 194, 196, 199, 200-3, 208, 210, 211, 213, 214, 
217, 218, 226, 228-32, 236, 243, 245, 246, 250, 253, 254, 
256, 268, 269, 270, 273, 275, 276, 278, 279, 285, 286, 
288-90, 292-6, 298-300, 302, 303, 305, 307, 309, 310, 
312-18, 321-3, 325-8, 330, 331, 333-6, 338-40, 353, 355-8, 
360, 361, 363-8, 378-80, 383, 390, 405, 406, 415; total, 113. 

J$4<t Anderson, James. 156, 158, 159, 181, 182, 184, 193, 195, 204, 
212, 215, 216, 219-25, 227, 240-2, 247-9, 251, 252, 257, 258, 
261, 262, 264, 266, 267, 271, 272, 274, 277, 281, 282, 291, 
301, 304, 306, 324, 332, 351, 362, 369-72, 376; total, 54. ^^ cO+* 

Baillie, Col. John. 1-146, 384, 386, 387, 391-5, 397, 399-404, , , ; 



407, 411-13; total, 165. 

Binning, It. M., M.C.S. 151, 161, 205, 284, 287, 373, 374 ; total 

Brown, Robert. 198, 239, 244, 263, 319, 337, 344, 359, 375, 
382; total, 10. S-M. .3«\ Mc\j \%b"2- 

Burgess, James, C.I.E., LL.D. 235. 

Chessley, Sir John. 171. 

Christison, Dr. E. 414. 

Courtland, Gen. 234. 

Court of Directors of the East India Company. 148. 

Graham of Airth. 265. 

Hunter, Sir William W., K.C.S.I., LL.D. 417. 

Laing, David. 147, 152-4, 172, 175, 176, 341, 342, 347; total, 10. 

Leland, Capt. 173. 

Malan, A. J. 233. 

Muir, Sir William, K.C.S.I., LL.D. 155, 162, 163, 166; total, 4. 



454 INDEX OF COLLECTORS OF MANUSCRIPTS. 

Munro of Novar, General Sir Hector. 149, 150, 408, 409 
total 4. 

Kampini (?). 424. 

Eeid, J. E., CLE., B.C.S. 237, 238, 377; total, 3. 

Seton, The Honourable Mr. A. 410, 419; total, 2. 

Thomson, J. E. (?). 426. 



Donors' Names Unrecorded. 157, 160, 167-8, 174, 177, 179, 190, 
197, 206-7, 209, 255, 259, 260, 280, 283, 297, 308, 311, 320, 
329, 343, 345-6, 348-50, 352, 354, 381, 385, 388-9, 396, 398, 
415-18, 420-3, 425, 427-9; total, 48. 



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